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Gentlemavbs Magazine : 


Historical ChFonicle. 

From January to June, 1816. 

. (Being 







■ . 






URBAN, Gent. 

pNDON: Printed by NICHOLS, SON, and BENTLEY, 

at Cicero's Head, Red Lion Passage, fleet Street ; 

((Letters are piwticularly requested to be sent, Post-Paid. 

' And aold by J. HARRIS {Successor to Mrs. NEWBERY), 

at the Corner of St. Paul's Church Yard, Lvdgaie Street ; 

and by Perthes and Bf.sser, Hamburgh, l S 1 6. 

:[ H 1 ^ 


THE following eulogium on his Native Country will, no doubt, be ai 
))lcasio<; to every EMg;1i8h Header, an it is honourable to the patriotic 
feelintr'of the Poet. It ij extracted from a new Poem of the Laureat. 

A living picture moved beneath our feet. 

A spacious city first was there display *d. 
The ^eat whe<e England, from her aniient reign, 
Doth rule the ocean as her own domain. 

In splendour with those famous cities old, 

Whose power it h^th surpassed, it now might viei 

Through many a bridge the wealthy river rolPd, 
Aspiring cofumus rear'd their heads on high, 

Triu no phai arches spanned the roads, and gave 

Due guerdon to the memory of the brave. 

A landscape foIlovv*d, such as might compare 

With Fleroish fields for wellr requited iqW i 
The wonder-working hand had every where 

Subdued all circumstance of stubborn soil s 
In fen and moor reclaim'd rich gardens smiled, 
And populous hamlets rose amid the wild. 

There th^ old seaman, on his native shore^ 

Enjoy'd tbe competence deserved so well } 
The soldier, his dread occunation o'er. 

Of well-rewarded service loved to tell ; 
The grey-hair*d labourer there, whose wiprk w^a dope. 
In comfort saw the day of lite go dt>wD. 

Such was the lot of eld : for childhood there 

Tbe duties which belong lo life was tausht s 
The good seed, early sown, und- nursi with care. 

This bounteous harvest in its season brought i 
Thus youth for manhood, manhood for old age 
Prepared, and found their weal in every stage. 

Enough of knowledge unto all was given 
lu wisdom's way to guide their atepa oo earihy 

And make the immortal spirit fit for fieavenl 
This needful learning was tbeir right of birth : 

Further might each who choie it pei'severe $ 

No mind was lost for lack of culture here. 

And that whole Kappy region swarmed with life, — 

Village and town i— 4U Duty beet in Spring 
In sunnj days, when sweetest flowers aire rife. 

Fill fislds and gajrdens with their murmuring^ 
Oh joy to see the State in perfect health ! 
Her numbers were her pride and power and wealth. 

Then saw I, as^the magic picture moved. 
Her shores enrich*d with many a port and piec4 

No gift of liberal Nature unimproved. 
The seal their never-failing harvest here 

Supplied, as bounteous as the air which fed 

Israel, when manna fell from Heaven for bread. 

Many a tall vessel in her barbours lay, 

About to spread itican^aa to the breeie. 
Bound upon nappy errand to convey 

The adventurous colonist beyond the seas. 
Toward those distant lands where Britain bleit 
With her redundant life the East and West. 

[ w } 




^ Mores Judicum velimos noeae j nam prout aspen, lenes, jucundi, graven, i 
duri, pemissi erunt> aat assumere in causam naturas eorum qui.^ 
coiqpetent^ aut mitigare qua repugoabunt^ oportebit.** 

xVfTER a Tempest so very tremendbua tliat it seemed as if conteofin^ 
Elements would efiect the ei^ture dtsoi^gBaizatioa of the Mbroi System, itii^ 
could not in the nature of things be expected, that peace ^nid ondiaii. 
that the perfect equilibrium of thje passions, s^iould. be instaataneousl/ | 

It has aooordingly happened^ that ]» the jtt contiiuiad fsmeiilbatiaiii . 
many existing evils still remain to be overeome ; that mwo^s oiiiids» ift i 
many cases provoked by disappointn^ent. in. others alarmed by terror, 
and in some compelled to submit to unaeeu^tom^ privations, are restless, 
mieasy, and discontented. But as our motto intimates, these which we t 
trust to be only incidental evils are contemplated and endured with 
greater or less fortitude, as the disposition is. composed of harsh or 
flexible materials -, as the understanding is enlightened by experience, 
and improved by knowledge, or ak it is obscured by ignorance, preju- 
dice, and error. 

But no Briton should forget that a solid foundation is fixed, upon 
which an edifice will progressively be raised for the reception of all that 
can be produced by Commerce, aided by Science, and protected by Peace. 
Non si malk nunc et olim sic erit Far better, and much more agreeable. | 
is the occupation to contemplate the brighter aspect of things -, and to 
recall, with an ingenuous pride, to the imagination. — the picture of 
the Oppressor, fallen, Mien, .&ill^ firom hb high estate, by the exertions, 
and of Peace restored under the auspices, of Britain, — ^Tyranny depressed, 
as far as human intellect can foresee, beyond the power of again distress- 
ing the Nations of the Earth;— ^d a fair and spacious Amphitheatre dis- 
played, in which all may, without restraint, exercise their powers^ as well 
for public utility as for private prosperity. 

Not a year passes in which the researches of our Men of Science do not 
lead to the discovery of various novelties and improvements, which at the 
tame time embellish and extend the enjoyments of life. The same remarK 
itiU more forcibly applies to Agricultural affairs. The most exalted Cha« 
racters in the Nation, both with respect to rank, fortune, and talents, 
are contending with honourable emulation to render the bounties of 
Nature still more abundant, more easily and more difiusely attainable — 

20644 ''" 


In a. word, to make our cnrn-fielda laugh and sing. May Providence 
■ mile on their exertions, till, as the Great Henry of Fiance used to say. 
The meanest of niir Peasant!) may have a loaf on hia table, and a Joint of . 
1 tieac on his hearth! 

If these observations be at all applicable to the successful invest igationi 
I )f Philosophy, and to the improvements introduced by Agriculturists, 
1 (hey may be ur^ed with still greater confidence to the pursuits of Litera- 
1 hire in all its branches. This, being more immediately our prox ince, and 
<^lIlce^ning the interests of which we may naturally be supposed bath to 
I Be more zealous, and more extensively informed, it would be an easy as 
'Well as a delight^] task to expatiate upon more at length. 

'But we must be satisfied with refeiring the Reader to our pages ; frooi 
consulting which, he may easily be satisfied lhat> there is far firom being . ; 
i iny dearth of useful, instructive, and meritorious Publications. , 

There is as much activity and as much talent continually employed ia 
tlie production of literary iostruction and amusement, as at any preceding 
jKriod of our career. The determination on our part to aSi^rd our 
latmost assistance in every thing which involves the cause of Learning, 
Oan neither be impaired by time, intimidated by tetDporary iaconveni- 
ktnces, nor alarmed by any proepect of the fiiture — it is ujudtered, and 

We conclude, therefbre, this periodical Address with intreating permis- , 
I lion to indulge the pleasing hope, that the Temple of Janus is shut, not 
: again to be opened — that continued Peace may graciously impart her 
.imiles to us itad our posterity. 

" Pax optima rerum 
Quas homini novisse datum est, pax una tiiumphis 
Innumeris potior. Pax custodire lalutem 
Et civet sequare potens." 


LoKBON Gazette 
Gesebal ErENIHC 
Morning Chronic. 

Sua — Even. Mail 
Stir— Traveller 
Pilot— States man 
Albiou-C. Chron. 
eerier — Globe 
Eng.ChroD.— Jnq. 
Coar. in LoDdrts 
leather Weekly P. 
17 SuDilay Paper! 
Hue i Cry Folic. 

Lit Adv. 


JANUARY, 1816. 

Bericick — Oostuu 

fiinniiigham 3 

Blatkb. firishtOD 


Camb.— Chaih. . 


Chelms. Cambria. 

Utteortil<.,E;<'a1 Uiaries for Nov. & Jan. 3, 9i 

£Ufscc<l'tneoutf fioTrc^onbrntc, etc. 

Pwi'e ijf I'late pre»eoted to Earl Speoccr 3 

Va,P pitscnied lo the Bev. Archdeacon Uw 5 
Tour to ranous Hails of French FlandeK,&c-6 
11u4i.'k by lA. Herbert.- I.elte(ii uf Oarrick B 
Ai,ti-iii (Voi'Ses.— Hcadington Cru!s, Oxon. D 
Ullers ..f D.. Watts and Jih. Hi(;hinorc, K-q. 10 
.1<™ui,- of Horisl. of Wrr»rdisl>iiry, Bucks"l3 
ir P. Sydney.— Q. Kli/.al.elli U 



C. Worth,- Mr. Roberi 

On .lit 

. uf Lbn 


ttery at [lurnloa 18 



ly the Bible Society. 
j Prulngues, kc. lo ihe Wetlaiitiitcr HlByi...34 

'rourilirough the Isle of Wight in 1153 3j 

. Mr. E'iluian — Hiiward the PhilaiitbrO)jist...39 

SLrictui<.s on BibllDritariia.— Philology 30 

Httnia, or Kiiplure, eWreniely prevalent... 31 
IPHcal for Keller of Tring Female Children 33 

tharttrs of Cambridge.- Hraviiaiion 33 

Orgao.- Mr. Alorg^ no. -Doctor & Student 34 
Lr Nfvc r— Nmwich & Winchester Cathed. 30 
■Irchitectuol I unovati on.— Blenheim 3B 

Durham — ElBeK 
Halifai- Hjnu3 

Herrfor,!, Hull 3' 

Leice«.S~Ldtdi •!. 
Lichii^id, Llcr,6; 
MaidsL Maach. 4' 
NawcJS.— Nitts.9, 
North nmptoi 
Xorlblk, Notricli 
Poilsea — Ptatery, 
Rnadin;;— Sjtiib.l 
Salop— SliefleUa 
Sln-GO'Ebnrv I 

Staff.— Stantf. 2 [ 
Tannioii — I'yiie ■ 
■ Wakeli.— Wnrw. ' 
Wolvcrh. Worc.3 


ClfbiEui of XUM) ^tibiicatianf. I 

Salt'n Voyage to Abys-inia, &e .....41 

Four Dis serial ion ^U.>(b1 and Religious.... 43 
Jonah 1 Two Poems foriheScatonian Prize 44 
The Veils, or Triumph of CouslaLt7....'....45 

Religious Tracts for J.ying;-in Hospital 49 

Ma<eroal!Joliciii»lorarBUnugliIer*^lnlereatsii. { 
SpeecliofWr.PhilliiwinaCBWofAJnlwryiO I 

Bertranij a I'oem,' bv Sif H. Brylgfa 51 I 

Britton'K Hiitory of Salisbury Callit " ' "" 

Highi and \\ 



>ug, fcc. 

-At Pudl 

...S8 I 

jEmv for January ISlii .,.62 j 

fji^torical Cfaranirte. i 

Biografihieal Notiixs ol'iruiiueui Pen.QUS.^.'ii < 
London GaaellesIS, — Pureiju Occurrrncij|i i4. 
Country Neas IS.— Domestic bcriirrencBi 79 


ir of til 

- Dr. 'niotui 

D Vine; 


I L ua ry , « ith Anecd .ofremarkal 

ofMotlality.— Prices of Mji 

Canal, &u. Shares.- Prices of Hi 


itiful PerspeclivE 

Cy SYLy AN V S URBAN, Gent. 


siiiiiiitiitliisiSSsi iii lisiii'i 


?n t » 3^a * •" *" " "^ 






a&Q £&£i 5oiS^e<£d^0i§ 

J 5 33*3 S fl S IS * S 5 «^3s^ 1*5; 


i I 

ill ffifNe-- • 


.XQooQQaxxaxxoaaxsss ecaxsxsasQ 

^ 3 ssjas^gsaaazjsgassgsoi^^assggggs 

t » I 

For JANUARY, 1816. 

Mr. Urban, Jan* 8. 

THE following accouat of a tnuif- 
action which toi>k. place* on the 
2Sd of December iafl, at Aitborpe, 
extracted from the Northampton Mer- 
cury of Dec. 30, cannot fail of be- 
in^ gratifying to your Readers. Such 
an event is more glorloos in Family 
Annals (and e«peci'illy at a moment 
like the prenent, when Landlords and 
Tenants Jkte making wry faces at each 
oiher<t) than the Triumphal Entries 
of victorious Warriors and all the 
Masqued Balls that ever were gived, 
put together. 

'* In our paper of Saturday last we 
stated, that it was the intention of the 
tenantry of Earl Speucer to present biro 
on that day with a magnificent piece of 
^te, as a testimony' of their gratitude 
and attachment. The following account 
of what passed on tbat interesting occar 
fiion, we have no doubt wiU prove grati- 
fying to our Readers : 

** Earl Spencer, surrounded by those 
of bts family and friends who were bis 
guests at the time, received the tenants 
in the Picture Gallery at AKhorpe. The 
piece of plate was supported by Mr. 
Dewing, of North Creak, Norfolk, and 
by the two Mr. Kitelies,of (^astleTborpe, 
near Fenny Stratford. Mr. Clark, of 
Sandridge Bury, near St. Albans, was 
selected by hiis brother tenants to ad- 
dress the Noble E;*rL — He began by 
saying,»-be was convinced his Lordship 
wan well aware of the very delicate and 
unforeseen situation in which he then 
stood ; selected upon the spur of the 
moment to be the organ of the senti- 
ments of this veiy numerous and re- 
spectable body of his Lordship's tenantry 
upon this occasion. He confessed he 
fdt a truly honest pride at this very dis- 
tinguished mark of their confidence, 
bat lamented that their choice had not 
fsUen upon one whose abilities would 
have done more justice Co llMir feelings. 
The motive that induced them to pre- 
sent themselves before liis Lordship at 
tlie pieient time, was to testify, in the 

Strongest manner in their fWHser, tlie 
high veneration and resptet in which 
. they held the public and private virtyat 
of bis Lordship, and to request his ao* 
ceptance of a small tribute of their at- 
tachment. He then said, to deseaat 
upon the public virtues of his Lordship 
would be superfluous. The annals fC 
this country would band dewn to pes* 
terity, with the highest applai|se, tds 
Lordship's name, in conjuttotion with 
those other illustrious Statesmen, who, 
soon after the. commencement of that 
.most dreadful |leyolution which the ■ 
.worhl ever witnessed (and which seemed 
destined, with giant stride, to overthroar 
eveiy thing dear and valuable to man)» 
laid the foundation of that systema 
which, with the blessing. of Qod, an4 
the aid of the good sense of the p^ple 
4>f this Country ,» ha% been since wisely - 
acted upon, has finally triumphed, an| 
^gloriously saved a great part of tb# 
civiiiaed world from destruction, and ita 
.inhabitants from misery, and despair* 
As a patron of Literature, the very su^ 
perier judgment and magnificent sup* 
iport his Lordship bad always given it» 
j[>laced his Lordship in the most eminent 
situation 4 but the foundation of that 
gr^nd and splendid ]>epository qf the 
.Sciences * under his own eye, and the' 
constant munificence with which hit 
JLordship continued to. store it, shed a 
lustre round the name of Speneer^wbich 
time itself could never efface; He 
wished he could do justice, by any eulo* 
gium,, to those private virtnes that his 
Lordship was known to possess in so 
distinguished a manner. Public fame, 
which in'tliis instance spoke the voice 
of truth, Jaold the world, that in all the 
relative and domestic duties of life be 
stood unrivalled, — and in which his 
Lordship was so eminently supported 
by his virtuous and noble Countess, to 
whom he rejoiced in having an oppor- 
tunity to express their feelings, — but in 

e His Lordship's Library at Altborpe 
is supposed to be one of the best se- 
lected and most extensive in Europe. 


4 Fase presented to Earl Spencer by his Tenantry, [J*n. 

none more conspicuously than irf-the the vase should be preserved among the 

generous patronage and protection his most precious (>ossessions of his family ; 

Lordship had, through life, afforded to that it should descend to those who 

a numerous and happy tenantr}', in the came after him, as a memorial of their at- 

i^iu'arieii libewlity with which Ije J^w^ tachment and bis gratitude: thjititsbould 
aliays tr^alte<|tliprt,*andinore particu^ ^ be looked upon by bjmbelf ^nci his pps- 

'larly in a 'time of great* Nation al'diffi- terity as a pledge of their steady and 
culty and individual privation. — He then uniform perseverance in a system, which 
begged leave to testify their most heait- <bad, in this instance, led to so gratifying 
felt gratitude forrthj mild beneficence a result. •*- After big liordsbip had con- 
be had so constantly shewn them, and eluded, the tenants, to the number of 
be entreated his Lordship's acceptance ninety, sat down with Lord Spencer and 

^ of the piece of plate, as a lasting memo^ Lord Althorpe, to a.cold collation, -which 

"nal of his Lordship's virtues, and of was. prepared for them in part of the 

their just estimation of them. Gallery wbere the ceremony took place, 

"The vase was th^ti presfeiited /to and departed in the afternoon, well sa- 

Earl Spenc<^T, whd • addressed the tc- tisfied at having been parties to a trans- 

-nantry to the following effect :— He be- action so creditable to the feelings of all 

gan by saying; that no words would be those who were concerned'in it. 

•^ftde<)uate to do justie^e to the feelings df . " We understand the value of the piece 

gratification which he experienced alt of plate is 1330/^ ; it i,8,.of.Quurse, of most 

receiving so disCihgu^ished a testimony beautiful workmanship ; and 

'of their attachment and gY)od T>pinion. the number ,of tenants who subscribed 

-He said it would be unpardonable va- i^ 150. ' . . 

nity in him to flattei' himself that^he , jhif Plate, Mr. Urban, which was 

deserved the compliments which had manufactured by Ruiidell and Bridge, 

beeh paid him by his worthy friend, Mr. ^^^^^^^^ ^,f ^ ^j^^^,^^ 1^^^^ g,,^ ^f^j^ 

C1«rk ; bu , on the other hand, it would allegorical figures 5 a column covered 
be a foolish piece of affectation not to ..P „:„«„ „ j • j '■'^•y-**^" 
admit, that ?n the management of the ^^»^ ^'°f» ^P^ ivy ; and an antique 
property with which it had pleased God ,T^' J'l**^ Bacchanalian masks: m 
to bless biro, it bad ever been one of his J«? whole, about 2 feet 6 inches in 
^ief objects to merit and obtain the *»f »g?*' The figures are designed as 
confidence of the highly respectable allusions to the Seasons of the Year, 
body of tenantry with whom it bad been Rural Economy, and li'ield Spopts. 
bis good fortune to be connected. Tb^ Of the principal grouse, the most 
•unquestionable proof now afforded that jMrominent figure is Geres $ ber left 
this his object had been attained, hand rests upon the back of a year- 
could not fail to give him the highest ling heifer; her right points to an 
degree of satrsffaction. His Lordship ahtique plough, in the use of which 
then stated that he considered the con- gfee instructs the boy Triptolemus. 
nexion betwfeen landlord anjl tenant, Qn the opposite side is Diana, the 
when maintained on a pnnciple of mu. q^^^^,^ of Hunting, with a dog, the 
^ual confidence, as one of those features eompanion of the ?:hase ; on h?r left 
in the state of society in this Country, i,„„/|. »i,^ ^^ . . Y ' ,, * * 
which had essentially contributed to itJ ^^""^.^'^ »,^^ 'f^'^^ «h« ^l' collected, 
tireservationfrommany of those evils to composed of a fox, a hare, and a 
which some other countries, less for- ^^er; on her right hangs a groupe of 
tunate in this respect, bad been ex- dead game. A little onward, Pan is 
posed : a connexion so formed and so represented playing on his pipe<, hav- 
cemeiited, could not be too highly che- ing on one side an ewe and lamb?, on 
rished. While, therefore, he duly appre- the other, his crook and tamboor. 
ciated the value of this magnificent The Bacchanalian Vase which sur- 
present, for the costliness of its mate- mounts the column is accurately re- 
rials, the taste of its design, and the duced from the large marble one, in 
skill and beauty of its execution ; all the possession of Lord Warwick, 
these considerations were, in bis esti- 'phe subjects enumerated are also 
mation, far exceeded by the recollection intended to represent the various Sea- 

of the hands from which he received the ___. ,,e ,u^ vJar • 

,_ -^, ..^ i^i «.! ai_ sons 01 Liic 1 cdir • 

ffifr, of the spirit which prompted them _, _, -.u » e • 

|6 give it, of the delicacy which h»d The Sheep, wi h Pan ... . Spring. 

marked all their proceedings, and of the The Sheaves of Con. ^mf»er. 

useful lesson nhich might be derived ^I'e Ploughing. ......... Jut,>nin. 

from the whole transaction. He then . »'ana. her hports ..m»4e,. 
begged tlieni to accept his sincere and your*, &p. M» Gssbr. ■ 

cordial thaul(s, and assured them that 


1 8 1 6.1 . Fuse presented to the Bev^/lrchdeacon Law. 

THE Rev. John Law, D. D. the 
very respectable and venerable 
Archdefticon of Rocneiiter,' having for 
48 yewrg anremittingly artil ably dis- 
charged the ardnouS^^ and important 
dirties of his statioti, to the gefieral 
approbation of the Cfer^y; they, in 
testimony of their re^rq and esteeih 
for him, have latt-l^ presented to him 
a splendid and elegant vase, on vhich 
is inJM ribed the following ' merited 
cotnpliment to his superior character 
and virtues : 

• "JoanniLaw, S.T. p. 
Archidiacono Roffensi ; 
Ecclesise Anglicanae, . 
cujus purioris disciplfnse rationem, 

cujus officta et fldem, ' 

turn concionandi gravitate et co^iA, 

tarn vitd ac mortblis illustravit^ 

Defensor! spectatisftimo; 

▼enerando huic eidem suo 

plus quadraginta octo annos 

Fautori, Monitori, Duoi, 

unde nee . viduis, quod solitudini opem 

nee liberonim orbitati^ad quod confugiat, 

deest : 

Arcbidlaeonatds Roffeiisis Clerus 

hoc pii et grati animi munus 

Observantis eftgo 

D. D. D. . 


The Vase, we understand, was pre- 
sented by the Rev. Dr. Foster Pigott, 
-the Rev. Mr. Rashleigh, and the Rev. 
Mr. Warde, who, with the l)e;iu of 
Windsor, had been appointed the 
Committee on the occasion ; when Dr. 
Foster Pigott, in (he ir=me of the 
Clergy, most feelingly and eloquently 
addressed the worthy A rchdeacon to 
this effect : ' 

♦* Mr. Archdeacon, — The pleasing of- 
fice has devolved on us of presenting to 
you, in the name of the Clergy of the 
Archdeaconry, this tribute of respect 
for your numberless private, as well as 
public virtues. The unanimous appro- 
bation, in the first instance, of the mea- 
sure itself, and the zealous co-operation 
of All in carrying it into effect, enhance, 
we presuuae to think, the value of our 
offering; and evince, at the same time, 
more forcibly than words can express, 
the acknowledged merit of yourself, to 
whom we gratefully make it. In the 
dtscbac^e of the duties of that eminent 
station in which you are ]daced, our 
truly Apostolical Chiirch looks for more 
than ordinary talents and accjuirements. 
As it has fallen to the lot of few — of very 
few — besides yourself, to have filled this 

station, for sq long a period of years, with 
equal dignity of character, equal zeal for 
the interests of Religion, and a peculiar 
amiableness of manners, that exalt the 
Man, and characterize the Christian j so 
is it the fervent hoj>e of the Clergy of 
the Archdeaconry, that by the favour of • 
, Providence you will long continue to 
ireceive, in their incrt;asing vener.ition, 
the due reward of your publ'o, and en- 
joys in the certain atteiition of your pri- 
vate friends and family, thf^ more en- 
dearin.g recompense of yoni itocial and 
domestic virtues! It is. Sir, a ^-ircum- 
stance peculiarly gratifying to the feel- 
ings of the two gentlemen (Mr. Rash- 
icigh and Mr. Warde) wl.»> st?nd by me; 
of the Dean of Windsor, who is ntost 
unwillii'gly, but unavoidably absent on 
this occasion; and of m}self; who have 
ever been proud of the honour of yomr 
friendship, thus to convey to you the 
unanimous sentiment of our Rever-nd ■ 
•Brethren ; and to confirm it by this 
token of unfeigned esteem, thus pre- 
sented to you from so valuable, so re- 
spectable a body as tbf> CI<*rgy of the 
Archdeaconry of Rochester." 

We liave' also a sincere pleasure in 
sul)joining this mode st and unassum- 
ing answer.of the Archdeacon : 

** Gentlemen,— Conscious as I am 
that it has ever been m\ anxious wish 
to obtain the good opinion of the very 
respectable Clergy of this Diocese; yet 
can I recollect no services that could, 
in any degree, have merited the high 
distinction with which 1 am now ho- 
noured. To you, Gentlemen of the 
Committee, appointed to execute the 
kind purposes of our Brethren, I beg to 
present my warmest thanks. 1 am un- 
willing to subject you to further trou- 
ble; but, as 1 may not have an imme.- 
diate opportunity of returning my pub- 
lic acknowledgments, 1 must solicit you 
to take every occasion of ansurinj; the 
Clergy of our Diocese, that I am fully 
impressed with a sense of the ob- 
ligations that I owe to them; and that 
the remembranoe of their extensive libe- 
rality can never, while the powers of 
memory remain, be effaced from my 
mind. 1 will, moreover, request you to 
assure them, that it shall be my con- 
stant endeavour, during the probable 
short period of my remaining days, to 
persevere in that conc'uct wiiich hithrrto 
has secured their approbation, and which 
has produced the most honourable and 
the most gratiiying testimony that could 
have been bestowed." 

It is at all times gratifying to us to 
haye an opportunity of noticing acts 


6 Tour to mriaus Parts of French Flanders, Ke/tCc. [Jan. 

like the present, bolh ai they ihew ment be had receiTed from our Oo« 

the zeal of the Clergy tbemielyeR, Ternnient, whom ibe acciuii of a 

and stroDj^ly lend to promote, by the mean and baae poliey, ia refufiaK liim 

example, tne^ iotere«ti uf our fiata- ao asylum ia Britain, when, like Tbe- 

blished Keligion. Edit. dbistocles, he threw himself upon mir 

^ §fenerosity. *K>h^ Sir,** added she,<Hbe 

Tour to various Part* of FaawcH capncioni cruaUy of a Coisack wouW 

Flahdbrs tfnrf Germany, in 1815. "*1« **««? tendenieM, m comparison 

(Co„tU.uea rro« VO..LXXXV. p, 5T8.) SLtSHOr'Ti^Slr.^to^;^^ 

I TOOK a place m a ftage^oach there to be gnawed for life by the vul- 

J. from CaJaM to Dunkirk i the tures of British malice and refenge.'* 

first stage waa to Gravdioes, a for- j remarked, that if bif exile were duly 

tified town on the senrcoatt. Tbia improved by bim, for the purpose of 

country b* tween Calais and GraTO^ lerioaa consideration on the miseries 

lines IS flat and uninteresting, and up- which had.re8iilt«d from his insatiable 

pears rather barren, allbough the soil and ill-directed ambition^ and his 

is very capable ot improvement. The heart were thereby laid open to the 

scenery and the cultivation, however, benign influeaces of Uue Religiou, 

kept gradually ahering for the better he would acknowledge the cruelties 

as we aUvanced towards flandera. of which she complained^ to have been 

In a stage-coach 1 never fail to find tender mereies « and then he would 

sources of amusement or mformation: find, on the rock of St. Helena, that 

in 4 French sta- e, the order of the (to use the language of one of out, ^'tVf /a JSfl/^alr//f /.Happy the poets) •-' 

person who can raise the laugb. « ^^^ self-approving hour whole years 

Snuff and the fan supply each ^use of outweighs 

chat, [that. Of stupid starers and of loud huszas." 
With Ringing, laughing, ogling, and aU _..That ia a very becoming sentiment 
-^On entering the Dunkirk stage, my on your part. Monsieur le Cur£,'* said 
attention was immediiitely attracted the lady, taking me Tur a Popish 
by the captivating air and fascmaling priest i ** no one respects Religion 
manners of a French lady, who sat more tbaa myself; and, notwithstand* 
vis-a^vin^ and whose powers oi con- tag all the sneers of your Country* 
versatiou, enlivened as they were bj mc a against the versatility uf Buona- 
frecjuent brilliant flashes or wit, bo- parte's religious principles, . I believe 
mour; and repartee^ Would have made him to be trig bon Cathoiique, But* 
the gloomiest /are of N Mure gay^ Sir,*' added she,** to descend from reli- 
1 soon perceived that she had no love gion to morality $ 1 have heard it d6- 
for England, or, to speak in plain bated whether moderation in pros- 
terms,' that she liaied ub right sore^ perity, or magnanimity in adversity, 
and that in politicks she was at heart disco? era most greatness of mind, 
a Buonaparliste. Next to vanity, X<eaving this question to the deter* 
and the luve of admiration, the pre- mination of mural casuists, I will take 
dominant foible in the heart of a upon me to sa^, that the former vir- 
French-woman is a passion for mill- tue was aot displayed by the British 
tary heroism; Buonuparte had been Cabinet in their treatment of Buona- 
long cried up by the French nation as parte.*' ** True,** said one of the pas- 
a conquering Hero, who eclipsed the sengers, who, to the polished manners 
renown of all the Conquerors of an- of a French gentleman, added the 
tient or modern times : nc was there- liberal graces of a classical edocatiooi 
fore universally admired* by the la- and who, turning romid to me» said, 
dies, who lamented his downfall with ^The fdlowiog maxim, whidi' the 
all the poignancy of mortified pride i Mantuan Bard puts into the mouth of 
and none mtire, I am persuaded, than Auchises, in tne Shades, when with 
my fair fellow-traveller*. She was prophetic eye he beheld the glory of 
loud in her condemnation of the treats ^ome in ner meridian splendour, 

* 1 have been informed that Buonaparte is an universal favourite with the ladies 
of St. Helena, and tbat he professes to have fallen in love. No man better under- 
8tand6 the art of bet. ding; men ur women to -serve his own purposes, than this ex- 
traordinary man ; and if ever he escapes from St. Helena^ 1 suspect it will be ac- 
complished by female intrigue. 


J ; 

1 a 1 6 .] Tmt to tht Netherlandj— Edward Imi Herbert. 7 

ought to be the motto of everj grtal 


'* Asd now, Sir," said th6 fair poii- 
tictan, *' that yon have accomplished 
the March to Pari*, it the pride of 
yoor Nation sofficiently gratified ?— 
will nothing Icm than oar complete 
foMugatioQjatiify jroo ?" ** Mudarn." 
replied I, ** I thould be perfectly la- 
tisfedy and lo would Bngland, I ap- 
prehend) if France were lo perform 
an act of Jofiice» in conieoting to ^ive 
up the acqnifiUooi which the dented 
from the unjott ambition of Lonii 
XIV.*' *' 1 tnppote. Sir, fon mean 
to ini innate that we thonld give up 
Flanders.'* " 1 do» Madam." «' Sooner, 
Sir» than Mibmit io tuch degradation, 
we will riaqoe a war with you. No, 
no., I trnat we shall neyer be /o crests 
fallen, ai to listen for one moment to 
such a tacriice,** 1 said that *« it had 
•Iwaya been a fatourile wish of mine 
' WmtJ all thone fine provinces, which 
fonserly «oiMtituted the Circle of 
BttrgaMy^'oiiled vnder one head." 
** And that wilh,''' aMwered the lady, 
^ 1 trust yoti will never see reaiisEcd, 
u far as regards French FlaiiderB, 
which 1 hupe will always remain 
France. Tot^ours France , Monsieur.*^ 
Which words she followed with a 
smart tap of her fan on ray shoulder, 
and subjuiaed as follows: '*No, no, 
Sir, you must not dream uf annexing 
French Flanders to your new King- 
dom €>f the Netherlands." •' Our new 
kingdom, Madam!" "Yes; your 
new kingdom ; for what is the Sove* 
reign Frince of the Netherlands, but 
a cars paw of England ? Only leave 
the Belgians to themselves, and see 
which ot the Iwoihey would prefer — 
aauezation to Holland or France. 
And now. Sir, by this time you will 
he at no loss to perceive that I am 
Dot over head and ears in love with 
your Nation. To he plain with you, 
jour pride and arrogance ar^ insuffer- 
able : I mean. Sir, as to National 
traits of character} for I love the 
converse and society of well-bred and 
veil-educated Englishmen, especially 
when they are adorned with a red 
coat ; and, to tell yo^ the truth, my 
beart has been repeatedly st<»len by 
laglish officers; to which let me sub- 
Join, that your Countrymen make 
feany more conquests in France than 
year Countrywomen." '* You are 

Jnaimn^ Jfadam, of the chanM of nor 
Jba(^ ladies.'* *« NaT at all. Sir, I 
•fsnre you i I haTO seen nothing so 
very charming in the samples I haye 
met with in France, unless affected 
prudery (and all prudery in women is 
affected), sour reserve, and unmeaning 
faces, are cbarmicg.*" — I was going to 
say something m vindicatiorv of mT 
fair Countrywomen, when the postil 
lion announced our arrival at the 
Barriere of Gravelines, to whirh place 
I shall introduce you in my next 
letter* A. M. 

Mr. UanAH, Shrewsbury, Jan. 6» 

DINING lately with son.e of your 
Salopian friends, at the house of 
Tiiuma« Jones, esq. of Meole-Brace, 
near Shrewsbury, brother to the 
Princess Bard, among other curious 
reliques, we were shewn a Music-book, 
written by the hand of the good, the 
learned, and the gallant Edward Lord 
Herbert 6f Cherbury : it contained 89 
folio leaves, very neatly ruled, and 
closely written; all the staves con- 
tained six lines. On the fly-leaf was 
written, iu his Lordship's own liand, 
•* The Lute Booke of Kdward Lord 
Herbert ofCherbury , and Castle Islandf 
cvnUtining divert selected Lessons of 
Excellent Authours in several C«n- 
treys. fFherein also are some few of 
my owne Composition* E. HnRBBaT.** 
This with another IMS Music- book, 
chiefly sacred, and more modern, the 
staves being in Jivff lines, was pre- 
sented to Mr. Jones by the Earl of 
Powis, he having had the honour of 
teaching the Harp in the (amilies of 
most of our Nobility. We being all 
ignorant of the merits of these cu- 
rious compositions, from their being 
written with letters instead of notes, 
it was suggested to send an accurate 
copy of one of them to your Miscel- 
lany; and thereby to inform the 
learned, that Mr. Jones will liberally 
allow an inspection of them. From 
the well-known character of their 
noble Author and Selector, there is 
every reason to presume they are va- 
luable and excellent ; and, were they 
to be decyphered and reduced to our 
modern scale, would probably be an 
acceptable present to the votaries of 
this divine Science. The specimen 
here sent is chosen merely as being 
the shortest, and is the very copy 
faithfully transcribed by me from ttie 
MS. and collated therewith by several 


■ • • • ■ ■ • k 

8 Ld. Herbert.-Zef/mo/Carnck?-J//".Heynes.-ifp.TayIor. [Jan. 

of your learned friends, with wbom I have now the pleasure of enjoying the 
hofipitalities of the seasoo, and who cordially join with me in wishing Mr« 
Urban many years of health and happiness. John F. M. Doyaston. 

^^ j-k 

^\ ^ ( J\ij\ i jv 




















0^ CL 

Jv 1 

^ B> 








OL a 













Couranle of my owne Composition at Montgomerie CasUe, Jug. 10. 1628. 

£. Hl^RBERT. 

At the end of another Composition, anterior to the last: *• Pavan of tfpB. 
compoNition of mee £dward Lord Herbert, 1627, S^<^ Martis, die scilicet 
nativitati^/' (The last word is doubtful, from the paleness and illegibility of ' 
the MS j but we suppose it to have been his birth-day, and writen/z/zW^at/^.^ 

Mr. UiiuAN, London, Jan, 9. 

AMONG the Theatrical treasures 
at Mr. Reed's Sale, some years 
ago, there were a collection of Letters 
by Mr. Garrick, respecting the Pa- 
tent of the Theatre which that illus- 
trious man afterwards purchased, ait|i 
supported with so much credit to 
him<ielf, and ad vantage to the publick. 

Who bouj^ht them, I linow not; 
but 1 shall tie greatly obliged to any 
oiie of your numerous Correspond- 
ents, who may know these papers, or 
possess them, if they willinform me, 
through the channel of your Maga- 
zine, whence these Letters came? 
They were Extracts from some mo- 
dern Newspapers and may have been 
more frequently published. 

The Writer ii< desirous of consult- 
ing them for high and important uses. 


Mr.UaBAK, Middle Temple, 

' Jan. 10. 

{SHOULD be itiuch obliged tor any 
information respecting the worthy 
character recorded in the following 
Epitaph ; and to know in what Church 
it is placed. This copy of it was 
foui.d among the papers of Mr. Bent- 
ham, the learned Historian of Ely. 
Mr. Hcyucs was of Jesus College, 
Cambridge; B.A. 1693j M.A. 1697j 
and died about 1727. 

Yours, &c. Cailadoc. 

rl. S. £). 

Reverendus Matthias Heynes, A. M. 

hujus Ecclesise rector ; 

vir multis & eximiis virtutibus 


fide, pietate, humilitate 

integri, prised, evangelic^; 

suavitate morura amabili, 

modesti4 prudenti 

spectabilis : 

Parens, Maritus, Pastor laudatissimus ;, 

Uxorem, Filiam 

(quam prolem unicam reliquit) 

affectu, comitate, 

Gregem vigilantia. 

Amices aroicitiA., 

Egenos benefieenti^, 

omnes bumanitate devinxit, 

et meritb menores sui fecit. 

Multiplici lit^r[arum] 


optima iustructus et ; 


theologi4, mat 

omnibus exi. 
suis luctu. 
Julii 5^0, anno . 


Canen. . . . 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 11. 

I HAVE just read the Rev. Kaye 
Bouney's Life of Bishop Jeremy 
Taylor; and find he has either not seen, 
or omitted to mention, an Abridg- 
ment of Bp. Taylor's Holy Dying, by 
S. S. P. ; printed for the use of the 
sick and aged Poor, by Rivington. 
As 1 Lave not the pleaMire of Mr. 
Bonney's acquaintance, your insertion 
of this letter in your widely-extended 
Miscellany will oblige 

A CoKsTANT Reader. 


* ■ ■ ■ 

ISlS.] AfUkfU Crosses. — Headlngton Cross, Oxfordshire.. . 9 

Mr* URiuVf Jan» I. 

CROSSES are of Tarioof luoda» 
and wer^ 4eugoed for different 
purpotet^ according to. the fituatipiif 
u whicb they are placed. Their lizei 
elegance, ^and beautj of desiga and 
^ rich meaty g^nenil I y depended upon 
the opulence of the town or village 
in or near which they were erectM. 
Those in Church -lyardi, and which 
are mq^lly . contieuouB to the en* 
trance of the buildiug, were held in 
the greateft veneration, from their 
ezclas^ve religiouf . iateoUon : thev 
w^e not more to draw to %\\e recol- 
lection of those who enter^ the 
church, the Crucifixion of our Sa- 
viour, and to deprive them of all other- 
reflections but those of devotion, 
than ocefiiVto admonish at any time, 
to pveserve 'jocial order, evennest 
of mind and temper, and benevo- 
lence and good -will towards each 
other. Some of the most perfect are 
at St. Donat'8» South Wales, Crick- 
lade and Great Bedwin Churches in 
Wiltthire) Soroerby in Lincolnshire *, 
Henley in Warwickshire t, &c. Other 
krnds of Crosses are those erected in 
Marketj>laces, varying from the slen- 
der shaft, to large and very orna- 
mental buildines surrounding a pil- 
lar} of which Kind a few choice ex^ 
amples remain in some of our great 
towns, Chichester^ Salisbury, Malms-, 
bury, Glastonbury, Cheddar in So- 
mersetshire, Castle Combe, Wiltshire, 
&c. These were monitors of truth 
and honesty, the guides to upright 
actions on every occasion, and to 
preserve a liberality of sentiment in 
the people. When the church and 
market-place are near together, or 
when the chief porch of the former 
is approached by the area of the lat- 
ter, one Cross answers both purposes, 
as at Eynsbam in Oxfordshire. Mar- 
ket Crosses also are at Winchester, 
Ludp^ershall iu Wiltshire, Selby in 
Yorkshire, St. David's in South Wales, 
&c. Crosses are likewise Monumen- 
tal ; and of this kind are the grandest 
and most antient iu England, except- 
ing those of a very remote period, 
ofwbich some of the finest are to be 
teen at Llantwit Major, and Margani 
in Glamorganshire, Penrith in Cum- 


* Ei^raved in Schnebbelie's <* An- 
tiquaries Museum." 
f Engraved in our vol LXXXV. i. 1 99, 

Gent. Mao. January, 1816. 


berland, Bakewell in Derbyihiw; 
&C. The diftingnithed monamental 
Crosses are Waltham, NortbamptoOp 
and Geddington ^, which three only 
remain of ^een tbat were erected 
by. King Edward the Firsts on tb« 
resting-place of the corpse of his'bei 
loved Queen Eleanor, in its way from 
Herd by in Lincolnshire to Westmins- 
ter Abbey, for interment. Such a 
number and variety of these elegant 
little buildings, together with their 
being built at the same period, th# 
cause of their erection, and the last^ 
ing memorials of affection, is, per- 
haps, unexampled in any other coun- 
tnr. This is an ennroeration, if not 
of all the different kinds of Crosses 
that are to be found, at least the 
principal, and those most commonly 
met with. I do not know to what 
other purposes they could have been 
applied! but the most antient I have 
seen, and those noticed in South 
Wales, and in the North of Ettglaad* 
are confined to the church-yard i and 
unless these are memorials of soro» 
distinguished persons, it is not easy 
to conjecture why so many should 
be together. 

The Church-yard Cross of Head*- 
ington (see the Frontiipiece to ihi§ 
FeU) which these general observa-^ 
tions upon Crosses are intended to 
illustrate, is an elegant and perfect 
specimen. It stands on the South 
side, about midway between the en- 
trance to the church-yard and the 
porch of the church. The original 
termination, and probably part of 
the shaft, or pillar, was destroyed f 
and at a subsequent period, the 
heavy and rude one, substituted on 
the lower part which remained. 
There are but few examples of the 
reparation, or restoration of Crosses ; 
and very few that have escaped the 
hand of destruction, and retain their 
original character aud decorations. 
They generally terminated willli 
niches, containing figures of the Vir- 
gin and Child, and the Crucifixion, 
an ornamental Cross of stone, or a 
pinnacle surmounted by an iron 
Cross, all which were indiscriminate- 
ly demolished. The bases, and tot- 
tering stones of broken shafts, are 
common in most country church- 
yards, and frequently in the street. ■ 

X See VeCusta Monuinenta, vol. III. 
PI. 12^J7. 



10 Letters of Dr. Watts and Joseph Highmore. . [Jan. 

Headiogton Church is a amall aa- 
iieAt structure, conitsting of a body 
aud chancely with a low, iquare, and 
welt-bo'ilt tower at the Weit end. 
Qae or two of the windows of the 
Church are as early as the thirteenth 
eeotury ; but the chief parts of the 
exterior are as late as the reign of 
Henry Vlth or Vllth. The Chancel 
is separated from the body by an or- 
namented Saxon arch, wnicn is the 
only feature worthy of notice in the 

. Headington is a pleasantly situated 
Tillage, "between one and two miles 
North-east from Oxfords J. C. B. 

Original Letters to andfrom the Rev. 
J)r, Isaac Watts, James Barkis, 
Joseph W Alio, Sir Edward Wal- 
^OLE, Rev. Dr. Richard Price, 
Samuel Richardsou, ait^f Joseph 
High MO RE, Esq. now in possession 
fif AvtnoTiY Highmore.— No. I. 


1HA VE selected the fallowing Let- 
ters from a considerable number 
of others, which the endearing recoU 
lections of affection and friendship 
have preserved in. my family, but 
which have been valuable in pur 
linfiited circle front causes very, 
different from thofte Which generally 
acquire esteem with the publick, to 
whom, either anecdot«f, or reasoning 
on general topics, are chiefly interest- 
ing. The MS volumes, which have 
passed into my possession from my 
grandfather, father, aunt, and sis- 
ter, will afford less pleasure to the 
world than they have afforded to 
myself— the tender allusion, well 
understood and felt ill the closet, is 
lost, like the^wave, Scarcely stirred 
by the breeze, when given to the ex- 

?anse of public oblervation. Indeed 
am free to confess, that the chief 
value to be ascribed to the following 
paperf, are the names whence they 
sprung, and a reverence for that af-. 
fection which their communications 
had imparted to each other; and this 
can have been of no inferior degree, 
since my recollection of the high re- 
specjt which was attached to them in 
my family, travelled, as it were, by 
tradition, down to myself from a pe- 
riod before I was horn. The circle 
from that time gradually diminished ; 
but it enlarged m that happy extent 
of domestic affection, which, was dif- 
luied into every bjraacb pf U— fo ju^« 

banity of manners, and a friendly and 
cordial association subsisted amongst 
all its branches— science enlightened 
them, and liberalized tbeir sentiments 
and pursuits— in no part have I ever 
heard of dissension, but in every part 
the kindest mutual interest, and the 
purest affection. But the progress of 
unrelenting Time has passed his scythe 
over them, and left but a small rem- 
nant to cherish hereditary virtues, 
and to look for a re-union with their 
immortal spirits! 

My grandfather died at the ad- 
Tanced age of 88 years, on the Sd of 
March, 1780; and I find, among his 
papers, the following copy in his own 
nand : 

'* Nam mea Vita meis non est incongrua 
scriptis : 

Justitiam doceo, Justitiaroqae colo. 
Improbus esse potest nemo qui non sit 
avarus; . [opus. 

Nee pulcbruin quisquam fecit avarus 

Octoginta annos complevi jam quatuor- 

que 5 [meiue." 

, Et pro'pe stans, dictat Mors mibi, A% 

** My life and writings both, I trust, 

agree ; 
Justice I teach, and just I strive to be*. 
Wicked, except the covetous, are none. 
Good works by avarice were never done. 
I now'bave clos'd my four an^ eightieth 

year, "[* Vo not fear !* " 

And Death stands by, and whisperk— 

I am truly thankful at being en- 
abled to bear testimony to the just 
application of these ' lines to such 
progenitors as reached beyond those 
years; and had no cause for fear whea 
Death wailed at their right hand ! 

A. Highmore. 

Ely-place^ May 13, 1814. 

From the Rev. Dr. Isaac Watts to 
Joseph Highmorb, Esq. 
Q Aewington^ 

^*"» June 14, 1735. 

- Whew I received yours, I should 
have given an immediate answer, if 1 
could have appointed any certain day 
to wait on you : but, as circumstances 
happen, I cannot fix any afternoon 
'till Friday, June 20tb, when I will 
endeavour to attend jon at or befora 
5 o'clock, and shall be glad to meet 
Mr. Duncombe, and enjoy the con- 
versation of two such gentlemen at 
once. Could 1, Sir, have well satis- 
fied myself in the question you pro- 
posed about the necessity of Truth, 
&c. I should have wrote long era 
now: 6ttt upon ft very sincere re* 


1 8 !€.] Character of Dr. Isaac Watts. — Topography. 1 1 

were no moderate apd pacific* at to* 
forbid his being a favourite wilh. 
warm roea of any party i bii exee)^' 
Jeociesy so Yarious and emineot, aa lo^ 
<^aio hiin the e'teem of the b«ii OMi-t 
of ail parties. He was noada bappjr. 
for many years, aad eveo to lSa» 
end of life, by the generous and ba»: 
nonrable enterlaiament afforded^ hioi' 
iQ Lady Abney*s family at StokjB Neff-^ 
jpgton, where ao affluence of wealUi* 
is chiefly distinguished by acts qf the 
roost wise and disinterested beqef^ 
cence. (To be continued^ 

Mr. Urbak, Jtf . Temple^ Jan. 2. 

I^Hfi . Gentleman's Maoazihs 
being very justly considered as 
the foster-parent of English Topo* 
graphy, lam glad to see in it so good 
an analysis of Mr. Park's '< History ot 
Hampstead ;" and wish it may prova 
an incentive to others, of leisure and 
abilities, to publish similar historie* 
of the many undescribed populouf 
parishes in the vicinity of London.r— 
Surrey has lately b^n given most - 
satisfactorily to the publick, by Mr*. 
firay.— Kent also by Mr. Halted, the 
Epitaphs ' excepted i " and therefore 
Oiarltoriy Deptfbrdt EHham^ Greem* 
wichy Lee'f Lewiskam^ and fTooiwichp 
or either of them, would a£Ebrd am- 
ple materials for a separate^ Histo- 
rian'.-— Morant's Essiz, whiqli is in a. 
srmili&r state, is also beconne very 
rare I and Chijgweilf'Kast and Pi^e»i 
ffanif Le^t&h\ Leyiqnslone^ Poplar g 
Stratford^ fFalthantstowt Wan»Uad^ * 
Wootfovdt &c. would furojysb eot(^r- , 
tainiog Volumes. — flERTFoaosHiRB . 
has found a l^gitinpate Historian ia.. 
Mr. CI utter buck.— ^But in Miodlssbjc 
are several large Villages, either of 
which would agreeably supply a Vo- 
lume. If this suggestion should prova 
the means of bringing forth a History 
of any one or more of these respect- > 
able Parishes, I shall think tbil letter 
will not be written in vain. 

One particular I would beg leave ' 
to observe to Topographers in ge- 
neral, and particularly those in the. 
Neig^hbourhood of London, not wholly 
to overlook the Church-yards. I am 
far from wishing to see a copy of 
every simple gravestone} but there 
are few of those cemeteries which do 
not contain Epitaphs, remarkable 
either for their elegance, or as re- 
cording a worthy Divine, a sound -' 
Schalar, or a man af fterling merit.> 


▼«ew of the subject, I find some dif- 
ficulties in it which are not easy to 
answer. However, when I have the 
happiness to see you, I will give yd u 
the result of my best thoughts on the 
subject. In the mean time I salute 
you, and your lady, and family, with 
my hearty respects ; and am. Sir, 
Your most obedient servant, 

1. Watts. 
To 4fr. J. HiGSMoaE, in Lioculn^s- 
inn-fields, JLondon. 

Joseph Highmore, Esq, to the Rev, 

Dr, Isaac Watts. 
Hev. Sir, 
This season of the year^ when the 
world is going into the country, tnakea 
my engagements more frequent and 

gressing than usual ; otherwise I should 
ave been able to have acquainted 
you sooner that the alteration in Sir 
T. Abney*s picture it made, and waits 
your censure ; thus, I have discharged 
my promise — and now expect with 
pleasure the performance of yours -r 
that I should see you here, and have 
vour thoughts on the subject of our 
last conversation, which 1 am by no 
means willing to release you from, 
both because it is with me a matter 
of great importance, and because I 
idepend much on your judgment, and 
on having your real undisguised senti- 
ments—without which latter* the for- 
mer is of no ute but to its owner; 
and I am sure your greatest pleaaure 
is in communicating what you think 
may be useful or oeneficial. I.e. in 
doing good^ My respects (if proper) 
to Lady Abney. If you are pleased 
to write me when I may expect the 
pleasure of seeing you, X will, if you 
please, acquaint Mr. Dudcombe. My 
wife and little family desire their re- 
fpects may be acceptable to you. I 
am. Rev. Sir* with the highest esteem, 

Your obliged humble servant, 
(San9 date*) Joseph Highmore. 

Character of Rev, J)r* WATtSf by 


Yesterday died, sunk under bodily 
infirmities, and the weight of years, 
the. ingenious and truly venerable 
Isaac Watts, D.O. a man of exalted 
piety, and of the most amiable and 
exemplary virtues. In intellectual en- 
dowmentsj he was surpassed by few } 
in moral ones, by none : so that 'tis 
hard to say whether his capacity for 
doing good, or hit delight in it, was 
greater* His lentimeati as a Divine 

!♦ Inscription on Sir P. ^Anty.-^2ueen Elizabeth. [Jan, 

Charta and Charta de Foresta. The 

Sarticulars may be seen in Hume's 
.[istory of England; and the Ori- 
ginal Charter signed on the oc- 
casion may be inspected in the Bri- 
tish Museum, which is most assu** 
redly a real curiosity. 

On Runnymead are annual horser 
races, which haire occasionally been 
bonoured by the attendance of their 
present Majestic and the Royal Fa- 

Yours, ^, Caeadog. 

Mr. Ueban, Hackney i Oct, St. 

HAVING lately seen some beau- 
tiful Epitaphs in your Miscel- 
lany, it occurred to me that the fol- 
lowing lines, of a somewhat earlier 
date, might perhaps be amnsing to a 
portion of your Readers, in the which, 
sowever, 1 have not the presumption 
to class the Antiquary, rightly con- 
sideriog, that what may emanate 
from the pen of such a Tyro as my- 
self, cannot, in possibility, have es- 
caped bis Argus eye. The Book, 
which chance threw into my way, 
and whence I copied these lines, is 
dedicated by A. M. to Ae Right 
Honourable George Bowies, Lord 
Mayor 1717, and to the Aldermen 
of the City. — Its contents are "valur 
able, and afford much interesting in- 
formation. Its title is, '* Survey of 
London, containing the Originall, 
Antiquitie, Encrease, Mod erne Estate, 
and Description of that Citie." 

In Paul^ Church, Far ringdon With- 
out, was, ** A Table hung upon the 
«^npe Filler by the other of Sir 
Francis Walsinghara, without any 
other Monument for each of them.** 

** England, Netherland, the Heaiieus, 
and the Arts, [made sixe parts 

The Soiildiers, and the World, haue 

Of t^e Noble Sidney*} for none will 

That a small heape of stones can Sidney 

* Who is ignorant that the good and 
gallant Sir Philip Sidney was the most 
accomplished man of his age ? His me- 
rit was notorious throughout Europe, 
and he refused a Crown. It seems some- 
what odd, that Pennaut^ in his < London,' 
should say that bis remains were interred 
in St. Paul's Cathedral, with 'great fune- 
ral pomp, but without either monument 
or inscriptwH^ p. 387. lat ed;t.^§ee ako 
Bfitler's Chronological Exeircises, p. 41 1. 

His Body hath England, for she it bred ; 
Netherland his Bloud, in her defence 

8he4 ' [haue his Fame ^ 

The Heauenshaue hisSonle ; the Arts 
All Soiildiers the Griefe ; the World his 

good Name." 

After quoting the Latin Inscription 
on Queen Elizabeth's Tomb, '< in the 
great and Royall Chapell of Kinj^ 
Henry the Seauenth/' it proceeds 
'' Upon the remoue of her body 
from Richmond (where she dyed) to 
White Hall, by water, tb'es^e lipet 
^ere written ;" 

^' The Queen was brought^ by w^ter, t» 

White Hall, , [letfaU; 

At euery stroake, the Oares did Tearet 
More clung about the Barge ; Fysh vp- 

der water [blinde after ; 

Wept out tlieir Eyes of Pearle, and swom 
I thinke the Bargemen might with easier 

thighes, [eyess 

Have rowed her thither in her People's 
For howsoeuer, thus much my thoghts > 

have scann'd [land." 

Sh 'ad come by water, had she come by 

I could quote many similar In- 
scriptions, &c. s but, fearing what was 
meant to create amusement^ should 
prove tedious, I cease. 

yours, &c. 6. S. Waltses^ 

Mr, Ueban, Dec^ 1S« 

I Am one of those who love to coo^ 
template the '* frail, memorials", 
of the dead, and do not, therefore, 
count the solitary hours, occasionally 
spent in a Churchyard, among the 
mpst melancholy ones of my life. But 
in London, this is a gratification rare^ 
ly to be found % for, either through 
caution, or some less worthy motive, 
the cemeteries are closed against the 
stranger. I have been in the prac- 
tice of passing by the Chapel in South 
Audley-street, Grosvenor-^quare, al- 
most every day for several weeks, 
yet never saw the door of the bury- 
ing -ground open till yesterday. I 
did not neglect the opportunity thus 
offered, but walked m. | found it 
far more spacious and airy than I 
e:ipected; but I met with nothing 
very novel or interesting till I came 
to a low tombi plain but neat, where 
I was both pleased and surprised by 
the following Inscription, which, i 
believe, has never yet appeared ia 
print, and which seems not unvi^orlby 
of your Miscellany. M* P» < 

<< Here lies the Bod^. . . 
of Ann Davies^ 



1816.] Tribute to l9^orth.*^Mr.UohettsMyOf Cb^k^rTp^ tS 

(for more than xx years) 
Servant to Willtam Giffofd*. 
She died February ^th, mdcccxv, 
in the xxxxiii year of her age, 
of a tedious and painful malady, 
which she bore 
irith exemplary patience and retignatipn. 
Her deeply-afflicted Master 
erected this stone to her memory, 
as a faithful testimony 
of her uncommon worth, 
and of his perpetual gratitude, 
respect, and aflfection, 
for her long and meritorious services- 
Though here unknown, dear Ann, thy 
ashes rest, [breast. 

Still lives thy memory in one grateful 
That trac'd thy course thro' many a 
painful year, [fear.— 

And mark'd thy humble hope, thy pious 
O ! when this frame, which yet, while 
life remain' d, [susitain'd, 

Thy duteous love, with trembling hand. 
Dissolves (as soon it must), may that 
Bless'd.Pow'r, [inghourl 

lYho beam'd on thine, illume my part- 
So shall I greet thee, where uo ills an- 



And what was sown in grief. Is reap'd in 

Where worth, obscur'd below, bursts 

into day, [never pay." 

And those are paid, whom Earth could 

Mr. Uabav, 

Charles Towrtf 
NeviSf June 9, 

SOME of your Readers will, per- 
haps, be able to furnish a few 
particulars respecting the Rev. Mr. 
Robertsou, who was for many years 
rector of the parish of St. Paul's in 
this Island, a transcript of the In- 
icrtption upon whose tombstone ac- 
companies this. I should wish to 
learn something respecting the re- 
marks he is there represented ^a 
having published in London, respect- 
ing *< the Slaves and their Owners 
in the Sugar Islands of England,'* to- 
gether with the period or his death, 
which is unaccountably omitted in 
the Epitaph, his general character, 
and his descendants. 

There is no Registry for the Pa- 
rish of St. Paul's in the hands of 
the Minister or Churchwardens of a 
more ancient date than the incum- 
bency of the Rev. Mr. Green. The 
reason' of which, I understand to be 
as foltows. 

By the Act fo^ regulating the 
stipends of the Clergy, it is directed 
that d,000!b. weight of Sqgar shall be 

* /Undoubtedly, the Translator of Ju- 

paid to the Clerk for kechpiofi^ th# 
Parish Registry. By the term Clerk^ 
has usually been understood the Minis* 
ter, as a Clerk in Holy Ocders. Durini^ 
the incumbeDcy of a Mr. ClarksoBt 
who immediately preceded ribe Rew* 
Mr. Green, and died about the year 
1782, a dispute arose l>et.#e^ th« 
Minister and the Vestry onthis sift- 
ject, the latter contending, that ttHtf 
Parish Clerk was the person destg« 
nated in the Act. The Minister ac- 
cordingly kept the Registry as a 
private memorandum ; and as thW 
Vestrj withheld the customary al- 
lowance, he refused to deliver it up 
to the parish, and at his deaih,«a^ 
joined nis heirs not to give it up 
without receiving full payment of 
the dues. This not having beea 
done, the Book remains to this day 
in private hands, to the great in- 
jury of the parishioners. Some #f 
your Readers will, perhaps, be ablf 
to answer the question, how. far Mr* 
Clarkson, or his heirs, are justifiable 
in forcibly retaining so important a 
public Record, upon which the suc- 
cession of so much property. In alL 
probability, depends; and also whether 
they have opt a good action against 
the parish, \ot the allowance grant6d'^ 
by the Act for keeping the Registry.' 
Respecting Mr. Robertson, I have 
only been able to learn, that the d&- 
sceodants of the Thomas Washington, 
mentioned in the Inscription, yet live 
in the Parish of Gtngerland, in this 
island ; and that the property of the 
Merriweathers came bv descent to 
a family of the name of Shaw. Mr. 
Robertson was succeeded in his living 
by a Mr. Davis, a native of some part 
of Wales. H. 

Inscription on a Tombstone in the Chwch- 
yard of St. Paul's, Charles Town, Nevis. 

[Above the Inscription is a* representa- 
tion of a Tree, with au Axe laid to the 

*< Near this stone lies what was mor- 
tal of Mary, eldest daughter of Robert 
and Mary Robertson, born October 24, 
1711, married to Richard Merriweather, 
July 2, 1730; delivered of her daughter 
Mary Robertson f the 4th of September, 
1731 ; died in child-bed, the 18th of the 
same month. 

<* Elizabeth, their second daughter,; 

. born the 29th of Oct. 1713, married to 

Thomas Washington, Sept. 19, 1735, 

delivered of her son Thomas, June 20, 


f Sic lapis* 


i6 The laie Sir y^. Wynne. — Memoirs of ^iiApden^ [Jan. 

]736» died in child-bed the 37th of the grant jou inaay years to enjov the 

same month. conicioiisoess or a life emineouy ffie^ 

"Mary, wife of Roljert Robertson, yoted to the best iotefetU of society, 

ind daughter of John Po^on, Capt. of We are, Sir, yoilf obliged and 

the Independent Company in St. Chris- crrateful servants* 

topher's in the reigns of Charles and (Signed by all the Ptoctern.) 

James II. born Sept. 15, 1675, married - mi. i i j ^ *» 

KoT. 13, 170&, died April fl, 1739. Gbntlbmisn. The kind testimony 

« And what was mortal of Robert Ro- ?' approbation of my conduct whilst 

berUon, minister of the parish of St. "n office, which I ha?c just received 

Paul's, Nevis, from Dec. 1707< born at from your respectable body, deinpnds 

Edinburgh the 18tb of March 1681-9,, the earliest expression of my gratU 

made some remarks which were publish- tude. 

cd in London in the years 17SQ| 1736, The uniform civility and atfentipil 

&c. on the Slaves and their Owners in I received from you all, added ex<* 

fheSugarlslandsof England^ahddied. tremely to the comfort of my situ^ 

• atiop; and I cai^not reline from, if 

♦»* As a farther Jllustratian of the without the warmert wishea for tbd 

Character of the late venerable Sir honour and prosperity of the pro- 

WiLLiAM Wtnnb, we give our fession, to which your good bcba^ 

Readers the following Address of ^iour in your several stations in iti 

the Proctors^ and Sir William*s cannot but in a very high degree 

Answer. contribute. 

Address of the Proctors to Sir Wil* Permit me to assure you, ibat.^ 

Jiam Wvnne, on bis retirement shall be to the latest period of my 

from office, transmitted at their life, Gentlemen, your most faithful 

desire by the King's Proctor, on and obedient servant, 

the 24th Jan. 1809. Jan. 24, 1809. William WTXir^y 

Sir, (To the Proctors of the Arches Court 

HEN your Retirement from of Canterbury ,) 


Office was first announced to 
us, (t was proposed to have express- Mr. Urban, Aug.S* 

ed to you personally the sincere re* Y WAS much gratified with the ap- 

sret with which we are all impressed X pearance of an interesting Narra* 

for the loss we have siistaiDedi but five of the Death of Hampdenfiajout 

the consideration of what you. Sir, Magazine for May last, and shall feel, 

as well as ourselves, would feel ou myself obliged^ to any of your Cbr- 

such an occasion, induces us in this respondents, who will either fumisli. 

manner to offer to you the tribute of me with intereating dQCumeots» or 

our affectionate respect and grati- ptoint out sources pf origipal in^or- 

tude, and to assure you, that whilst raation, respecting that truly eroineot 

we participate in those sentiments roan. I have been for some time 

of veneraliuo, which ail persons feel gaged in compiling Memoirs of kit 

towards you, for the manner in Life, iuid have collected Tarious n^ 

which you have discharged the du- terialsfrom the Histories, the Newt* 

ties of your important station, to papers, and Public Records of bis. 

the great honour of this profession, times. But his Correspondence ha» 

and the advantage of the publicly, we hitherto eluded my research, although 

are sensibly affected, when we reiiect he must have been in the habit of 

on your uniformly mild and cunde- writing frequently to bis associates ia. 

'scending deporlment, the great in- planning the important opposition to 

dulgence shewn to us on all occa- arbitrary power, to which tbis.eowi*: 

sions, your readiness of access, and try is indebted for all the liberty, a^d 

prompt attention to all matters of the other advantages over surromid* 

professional concern. ing nations, which we now enjoy. kTbe. 

Accept, Sir, onr most fervent cpminunication, through the roofUilia. 

wishes for your health and happi- of your Magazine, of any of his liOHars 

ness in retirement. The hope that it to the elder oi^the younger Knightlfly, 

will conduce to the prolongation of to Lord Say, to Hollis, to Nathaniel 

your valuable life, and the increase of Piennes,to Pym, to the younger YanOt: 

yourcnjovments, lends greatly to sup- or any other person with wfiom^ he 

port us on this occasion. was closely connected, will be etteem* 

May it please the Almighty to ed a favour by - Q.W.M.- ' 


1816.] General Sea-Bathing Infirmary at Margate. 1 7 

Mr. Urban, London^Jan^l. stitution, which it is the object q 

WHOEVER has in any degree this letter to recomnieod to the no- 
atteoded to the afflictiont of ticeof abeneYoleot publick. In look- 
their in^ceot ibilow-creatures in the ing for an eligible spot for the erec. 
Metropolu or its crowded environs, tion of the General Sea Bathing In- 
must ha? 9 observed, with feelings of firraary, their attention was, in the 
regret, bow many have been dragging first instance, called to South-End, 
on a miserable existence from the being a convenient distance from the 
dread effecta of a n^ost loathsome metropolis \ but the difficulty of ac- 
difeaie^ the debilitating nature of cess from the sea, and the circum- 
which ii faeigbtened by want of pro- stance of vessels sailing constantly to 
perforodi doathing, and cleanliness, the Isle of Thanet (a passage by 
To the destruttive powers of this water being nouch cheaper and easier 
disorder* many, very many, anna- to the Patients than land-carriage) 
ally fall victims, notwithstanding- all fed them to prefer a part of the coast 
the aids refinement can suggest and at Westbrook, near Margate, which 
wealth procure. accordingly was purchased by several 

The experience of medical men of charitable individuals. Dr. Lettsoiq 

the first rank in their profession, undertook the office of Treasurer i 

fomided on an extensive practice in and, under his auspices, the house 

the hospitals of this city and suburbs, wa^i opened for the reception of pa- 

as well as among the higher orders tients in the year 1796, when sixteen 

of tocietj, proves that medicine can patients were admitted, 

effect bat' little in this distressing From that period to the present, 

compliibt. It is therefore now three thousand seven hundred and 

universally advised to have recourse fifty-six patients have experienced, 

to that Oicean, at once the safeguard in various degrees, the salutary effects 

and the glory of the Nation, whose of this establishment ; numbers of 

healing properties cannot be too whom have gone from the close and 

much extolled for often alleviating, confined chamber of poverty and 

if not eradicating this corroding ma^ disease, situated either in some lane 

lady ID the constitution, and restoring or alley of a populous city ; several 

health to the body. from the poor-houses of out-parishes. 

The numerous places on the coast, the hospitals, and other charitable 

that now, at each returning summer, foundations, as well as many from 

vie with each other in tempting the various parts of the kingdom ; the 

invalid of the interior to try the effi- institution not being confined to any 

cacy of Sea-Air and Sea-Bathing, are particular district, as its title, ' Ge- 

solid and convincing proofii of the neral,* testifies, 

ironortance of the oftered remedy; Shortly after the opening of the 

ano, * of the numerous ills which flesh Infirmary, an architectural drawiug 

is heir to,' none can be named that of the building was given in your 

has been cured in more remarkable Magazine, vol. LXVII. page 841; 

instances, than scrofulous affisction, but since that time there has been a 

by the renovating properties of new wing erected, and the whole ap- 

tbe sea. pearance has been much improved. 

If such advantages are constantly as will be easily perceived by a corn- 
accruing to the rich, no wonder that parison of the former eugraving, with 
the case of the poor should have the picturesque view now given, ex- 
interested the bes^ feelings of the ecuted with much ability by an ioge- 
heart, and should, a few years ago, nious artist, from a drawing taken 
prompt some humane characters, by for the express purpose, 
the establishment of a Sea-Bathing Every succeeding year from its 
Infirmary, to aim at extending these foundation, the medical officers have 
benefits to their necessitous brethren had the pleasure to report the in- 
who were pining to death under every creasing good effects, from (he rapid 
circumstance of aggravated suffering, and extensive improvement in the 

The late Dr. Lettsom, whose la- health of the patients. As a proof 

hours for the benefit of the afflicted how much its lienefits are prized by 

poor cannot be too highly estimated, the poor, each season produces an 

with a few friends, founded in Lon- augmented list of applications; but 

dpD^ nearly twenty years ago, an la- such has been the situation of the 

GsNT. Mag. Jnffiiar^, 1816. Directors 

18 Sea- Bathing Infirrnary^^^^ Monzsticon AnglicsLnvLxnJ'^ [Jan. 

Directors in reeard to. finances, 
fbat they have hitherto been circum- 
scribed in their operations, on ac- 
count of contracted means. They 
have, indeed, already dpne more than 
the revenues warranted: but, in hopes 
of continued and increased patronage 
for such a noble institution, they 
have persevered, and not without 
success ; for, from the kind exertions 
of friends, a considerable accession 
of Governors has been made during 
the last year. 

In the Plan of the Charity lately 
published, it appears that the Direc- 
tors have circulated some resolutions, 
for the purpose of soliciting addi- 
tional assistance from the Governors, 
as well as to call the attention of the 
Public in general to its utility. A- 
niong which are the two following. 

** Resolved unanimously, 

« That since the General Sea-Bathing 
Infirmary has been declared by the first 
Medical Gentlemen of the Ountiy, to 
be calculated to rescue numbers of the 
industrious pour of the Metropolis from 
the ravaging and vitiating tendency of 
scrofulous disorders, peculiarly gene- 
rated in their confined dwellings, and 
thus to improve the race of the labouring 
part of the community, and preserve to 
the state many valuable lives ; and 
especially when this opinion has been 
verifuul, in the annual examination of 
cases in the Infirmary, beyond their 
most sanguine expectations ; it appears 
to ibis Meeting that the Institution 
merits liberal support, on principles of 
sound policy as well as humanity. 
*' Resolved unanimously, 

<* That it also appears to this Meet- 
ing that this excellent Charity, for af- 
fonling the relief of Sea-Air and Sea- 
Bathing to the poor of London and its 
vicinity, labours under })cculiar disad- 
vantages, that do not affect the other 
Establishments fur alleviating sickness 
and poverty, in not being so situated as 
to attract the attention of those whose 
ability and benevolent feelings are ever 
rvady to support the institutions that 
are the ornament of this City and Na- 
tion. Rut when it is considered that, 
without the aid of the General Sea- 
B^^thing Infirmary-, many afflicted poor 
ikouKl b:' deprived of that remedy which 
nil tho hospitals are unable to afford, 
and that the Gentlemen of the Medical 
Boarir [who give their time and 
attention gratuitously] •* consist of 
Pby^ixMAUi and SiirpH>ns who belong 
to all lho$e Establishments, it is confi- 
deuth* expected that this appeal in 

behalf of suffering humanity will not be 
made in vain !" 

Should the object and roeritt of 
this invaluable charity, thus shortly 
stated, induce any ofyoar numerous 
and intelligent readers to afford some 
support and encouragement in aid of 
so benevolent a design, and should i^ 
excite a wish to obtain any farther 
account of th^ Institution, informa^ 
tion will be readily given, and sub- 
scriptions thankfully revived, by the 
Secretary, Mr. Joseph Rainbow* No. 
35, Cannon-street; or the Collector, 
Mr. Anthony Wagner, Grosvenor- 
row, Chelsea. B. S« 

To the Re-editor of the '< MonatUcon 
Sir, Staffordshire, Attg, 8, 1815. 

HAVING lately been led, though 
but incidentally , to bestow some 
study on Wulfruna's grant to her 
Monastery at Hamton, in thiscouDtv, 
the copy of which, subjoined to Arch* 
bishop Sigerich's '' Prtvilegiuoi," 
fills most part of pages 98d — 9f 1 of 
the first volume of the Monmsticoo, 
I wish to engage youf attention to 
some remarks, and to urge the de- 
sirableness of procuring, if possible, 
some one acquainted with the SaxOn, 
and possessed of a minutely exact 
Jocal knowledge, to re-examine care- 
fully the autograph instrument cited 
hy the Monasticon as in custody, 
1640, of the Chapter of Windsor. 
That it has been imperfectly read, ia 
several passages, is plain, from the 
blanks In the copy : and I conceive^ 
farther, that in some it has been 
mis-read, or mis-printed, or both. I 
lay my finger, particularly, oa the 
sixth of the places specified by the 
grantress, printed " Weolejtalc,- 
with theRoman initial W, instead of the 
Saxon p, like the two places pre> 
ceding it, and every other word, re- 
gularly throughout the grant, where 
the same capital was to oe used. In 
drawing the present letter I have 
been caught by various and sometimes 
contrary considerations; first, in aa 
idea that the compiler of the Monas- 
ticon had mis-read the word, and 
a^in. rather, that it was even pot- 
aible the archbishop's original scribe 
had mts-written it. But, on aa 
attentive re-studying of both the 
charter and the connected circani- 
slancef, I cannot help sopposing' that 


1816.] Wulfrana's Grant to the Mimastery at Hamton. l^ 

its eBOttiertf tioo of lownv ran thtHf : 
" pillenhafe. ;j pobneffelb. 3 Peolef- 
fai^ :** and thai thd P beiil^ mit^ 
tlkeii (which in wiritten charactei% is 
▼cry ^twiceivablc) for an p, the mis-* 
take 1MU( carried on into the bdjUnd- 
ary-dftscriptioo, where '' Weolefhafe" 
recurs; and also thrice over,as the first 
bouod-mark , is found ^' Weblenrojib." 
This will appear the less forced to ray 
particalar argumenty on obserTiDg, 
that, after these fire instances, there 
are bat three more, in the whole of 
the Saxon, where the capital P was 
to bCy and has rightly been, used ; 
ih the words •* Penwie," and (twice) 
" Penchrich." " Walsall," as a large 
and 'noted town in the immediate 
Ticinity, would occur without a 
thought of farther quest, and Was. 
accordingly affixed, in roargin^ to 
'• Weolesfaala." And the inatten- 
tion in mis-reading would not be 
so great as is often charj^eable on 
Do^lale and many others: in this 
▼er J grant are at least two instances 
of the converse rois-substitution of 
p for fi The second place named by 

Wulfruna is printed '* €fpich ;" and 
again, in its boundary^description, 
" 6ippich :" but when he comes' to 
to his rendering into Latin, Dut^dale 
has it " Rswicha," the " Haswic" * 
ofDomesdaT, in Terra Canonicorum 
de Hantone. And for *^ Kmpalbej-- 
tim^" the print, on repeating the 
word, has KiApalbejrune." The 

uaiforui using of the Roman W 
through the whole Saxon part of the 
instrufBient, might be from a pre- 
ference of that character, in default 
of ii type for the Saxon one of a right 
size, to the small p> which looks to 
unlike a capital in the proper namet 
all throQgh the Eynesham and Bur- 
ton documents in the same Monastic 
con volume, pp. 860, 262, 265 — 7, 
270: and the rather, perhaps, as a 
kindred character, U^^ appears for 
that capital in one Saxon alphabet I 
have raef with. 

But it is time to give you my rea^^ 
sons for believing Walsball not tho 
place given by Wulfruna. And firat^ 
negatively. The date of Sigeriqb*s 
instrument is A. D. 996. In Domes- 
day, 1086» there is no Walshall by 
name, either in the Terra Canonico- 
rum, or in any other part of Staf- 
fordshire. It was doubtless ** in- 
Yolved" (DogdaIe*s frequent expres- 
sion in the Warwickshire) with. 
" Waduesberie cu' appendiciis.'* — 
" Blocheswic, " and " Scelfeld, '* 
parts of Walshall now parish, and 
the farthest distant . on the opposite 
side to ** Wadnesberie,** are specified 
as members of that manor (Wadnesb.) 
" Bresmundescote,'' Bescote, another 
part of Walshall parish, lying between 
that town and Wednesbury, makes a 
separate, siugle-line, Domesday ar- 
ticle. But in a very instructive Saxon 
I^emorandum t, without title or 
other description to mark whence 

♦ N. B. It was the search for any traces of the site of this " Haswic," a place of 
no less than 5 hides, but waste and within the forest; or of " Hocintune," an- 
other place of 1 waste hide, part also of the same Terra Canonicorum ; that first 
led to observe Wulfruna's boundary-descriptions : to small purpose, however, as 
her *' Ocgintun" boundary affords scarcely a mark towards fixing its place ; and of 
her ** Eswich," it only appears that it lay on ** Sture,*' (must mean the now 
** Smestall" stream, which runs into Stour) and adjoined to " Trescl," Trysull. 

f This memorandum is one of three indorsements on a parchment-sheet, laid up 
for ages, as seems, within the wooden cover of Lord Uxbridge, now Anglesey's, 
Register of Burton Abbey ; which parchment my intimate acquaintance, the un- 
fortunate Mr. Shaw (whose too weighty ^undertaking had most certainly the 
largest share in his premature death), in the exuberance of joy on a really very- 
valuable discovery, calls, in his vol. I. p. 2, note f), ** original will and «harter,'* 
■^Originals! on the same side of a vellum skin : the " charter," K. Ethelred's 
confirmation of the will, dated 1004, at the top ; and the *• will,'* Wulfric*s, made 
by Mr. S.*s own account about J0®2, at bottom I The parchment, in fact, con- 
tains^ withinside, first a transcript, corrected (demonstrably so, from internal 
marks,) from a copy of the charter which stands, by my memory, the first article 
nf not, it is the second, and a will-copy makes the first,) on the pages of the 
Register'volume j from which transcript are printed, with some errors and omis- 
sions, the first column of p. 26S, and the main of p. 270^ of the Monasticon, 
vol. ]. Below this, the parchment has a copy of the Saxon will : but that in the 
Monasticon^ pp. S66-7, as far as *< Valete in Christo," (to which should have 
added, ** Amen/') is taken, very exac^y^ from the one which atands, as 


20 Wulfruna's Grant to ihe Monastery at Hatnton. [Jao. 

taken, written, hov;ever, .nq long, c^icotaa. ii. hid*. Aclea. ii. bids 

time after Domesday, as tt.sbewi Hwiccenofre* ii. hid*. Ribepape.)>e 

itself of the age of Fulc Paganell, uue pejice, c«en half hfS."* [Them 

the next immediate suqceMor to 4 iggt Terra Roberti de Statford.} 

the Dudley Baron Fitz - Ansculf, •« Rodb'des^* [de Fferierea] " land. ix. 

'' palefhale" is named. Thi«docu- hid». -} an half. Seabb' of BjrtuD. vi. 

ment is a summary, not quite com- hid*. Scenatan. iiii. hid".*^ [Tetra 

pJete, of the number of hydes in Comitii Rogerii.] 

Offlo w Hundred ; and I give you the We have here Waleihalc still form- 

whole, as follows, only wrilmg it (all ing ^ith Wodnesbyri but one whole» 

but the introductory sentence, and (making together, however, il must 

one other) in common characters, be granted, but 2 hides, while the 

as I find copying the Saxon slow work: Domesday ** Wadnesberie cu' appen^ 

— '' puj- pela hyda pnb in Ofplape diciis, Scelfeld, &c." amount to vp- 

hunbpeb. In Bro'lege. iii. bid*. Aire- wards of 4 ;) and entirely distinguiaa- 

wtts. III. hid'. Wicgintun. 3 HopewtBS. ed, you will observe, from the Wul- 

▼ hid-. Waleshale. 3 Wodnesbyri. 11. frenehamtun 8 bides, to which last 

hid-. Wilinhale. 11. hid»." [All these, the Domesday quantities answer, or 

saving the word Waleshale, Terra ▼cry nearly. Henry II., by authori- 

Reeis <»f Domesday.] " Fulcwi Pagi- l>e» Mr. Shaw quotes, gave Waleihai 

nei; XVIII. hid». Preostes land of toHerbertRufusiandtheVerediclum 

Wulfreneharatun. yiii. hid». The. (or •• TenureRoll," Shaw, passim) 

bisceop. xxv.hid'. Elleford iii. hid", of Offlow Hundred, taken betweeo 

Heorlaveslun. iiii. hid-.^ [These 2 1255 and 1257, ascerlamsthat it waa 

Terra Regis again.] " Thorp, in. Iheu held by Bakepus and Alaosum, 

bid*.'' [Terra Nigdli.] " Cliftuu. who seem to have married (the form- 

VIII. hid-.'' [Terra Regi!«.] ** Siri- er of them a second husband,, afier a 

■ — II' * * — — . I ■ — I _______ ^ I 

above-said, in the pages of the Register, and differs in some places from the single 
skill. Then, on the outside, are indorsed, first, by way of title, the 8 Saxon ' 
lines which follow the *' Valete in Christo*' in the Monasticon ; (which 8 llnea 
have here the adjunct " Sic Fiat.") Next, the above-copied summary of Offlow 
hydes, in a larger hand. Lastly, in what seems the same hand as the last-oien- 
tioned, an abstract (of which there are two more copies on the pages of the Re- 
gister, bearing the title, in red, ** Sic continef^ sup* Domesday ap'd Winton,") of 
the whole Abbey possessions in various counties. This abstract, Mr. Shaw's page 
3, translates ; but it is clear to me that the words in its first paragraph " in the 
town of Stafford one hide and a half," taken from his printed copy of Domesday, 
are (by ?ome means) an error, and that the true reading is, as in the 3 Burton 
records, " in ip*a villa," or (in one of them expressly) ** in ip'a villa Uurtone" 

* Of the middle member of this Saxon sentence, " pe uue pejxe/* I should be 
very glad if you, Sir, or any reader of the Gentleman's Magazine, could give me. 
the exact import, as I unfortunately did not ** commence" (nor, indeed, have 
ended) my " studies with the acquisition of the Saxon," as my late second cousin, 
Gougb, somewhere pronounces,'* rather authoritatively, ** every one must- do who 
would not be deemed a witling in our antiquities." I wish it, in order to make 
out, jf possible, whether this Rideware quantity answers at all to the " in Ride- 
ware III V. tr(E," in the Domesday •* Terra Roberti de Statford," as the three 
places and quantities next before Rideware here do, with such exactness, to the 
three next before that Domesday Rideware, which (and, by the way, these three 
latter should, most surefy, have had over them a title " In Offelau Hund.") s^and 
thus : ** Ade ii. hid'. Fricescote 11 hidas. Wicenore 11 hid\" ** Answer with exact- 
ness," I say, taking it that either Mr. Shaw, or perhaps the Government Editor, 
has most indubitably put ** Fricescote" for " Siricescote." Erdeswjck read from, 
in this ii\stance, a better copy : see, in the Domesday list, near the end of his 
^Staffordshire, " Wichnore, Sirescote, Wrottesley,'* (Ade he has, but at some 
distance from these) ** Ridware." And be it observed, that "Turchil" holds this 
" Fricescote," under Rob*, de Stafford; and that the oldest of the Whichnor evi- 
dences (see Shaw) is a grant of " Sirichescote," byOsbert, probably the junior, 
grandson of " Turchil" de Arden, to the then lord of Whichenor, wiio, among 
the Ccrtific*. in Lib. Nig. 12° Henr. II. (seemingly after Osberi's grant, as noOsbert 
then appears among the StafTordshire holders) holds his two knight's fees under. 
the then Robert *< de l^tafford," and wb^se duscandants h«ld Sirescote, with 
Whichnor, forages.- 


1 8 1 6 »] On Alterations of the Language of Scripture^ Kc. 2 1 

in their own eitiroation, are much 
wiier than our fathers in the old time 
before us, I feel some slight indigna- 
tion, upon discovering that they. 
have borrowed a leaf from the 
painter's bill of accounts to the 
country churchwarden, for altering 
the Lord*s Prayer aud mending the 
Ten Commandnients. 

To the first of these learned diirines 
I should recommend that they would 
look to the first elemeuts of Greelc 
instruction ; and discover the distinc* 
tion of difference between oq, ^,' «. 

So far as human expression can 
reach, peculiarity of language shouid 
be appropriated to that Incommuni- 
cable Name, to which no familiarity 
should approach. A Tiaible and an 
emphatical distinction should be 
made between my father who gave 
me a guinea, and Our Father which 
is in Heaven. The relatiTe Greek 
article has been expresssly applied in 
the neuter gender to the One, and the 
masculine to the other. The Holy 
Evangelists, no doubt, saw the awful 
propriety of this characteristic dis- 
tioctioo, which our wiseacres, ift 
their fancy of better constructions 
have dissolved. 

In what manner to take notice of 
the charge, as here alleged^ of mend* 
iog the Commandments^ wishing to 
avoid the invidious appellation of 
Censor morum, I feel some embar- 
rassment ^ but, as it forms a link in 
the chain, which I design to con- 
struct as a barrier against h) nova- 
tion, and as one of the powerful and 
obvious reasons foe a difference of 
opinion from that of C. M., iu taking 
a spuoge to wipe clean and clear the 
text in the Bvan^elist, 1 shall cheer- 
fully submit to toe offence which I 
may chance to give. 

In the reprehensible charge thus 
brought forward of mending the De- 
calogue, it will obviously be dis- 
covered that the preceptive and 
divine authority of the Almq^hty 
Legislator is entirely superseded, and 
that a code of laws is introduced alto- 
gether different from what has, in 
the must solemn manner possible*^ 
been announced to the Sons of Men 
by the God of Heaven. 

Since offences of this gross nalure 
have come to pass. Woe be to that 
man by whom the offence cometh ! 

What Christian ear cannot but be 
seosibly wounded by hearing the 


llortein) co-heirs of Rufus. The 
account succeeding this period ^Shaw, 
IL 71.) is grievously unintelligible, 
through want of better apprehension 
of the technical l^al expressions in 
the evidences: however, neitherthere,' 
nor in any documents of after-times, 
have I found any appearance of a con- 
nexion with Wolverhampton. 

So much for arguments that W^- 
sall was not any part of Wulfcuna't 
church-gift. S.F.W. (To be continued.) 

^ For I am not ashamed of the Gospel 
of Christ." 

JhboiVs Boding, 
Mr. Urban, Dec. 20, 1815. 

AS a friendly answer to the letter 
of C. M. '' on the Faults of 
Translations in Holy Scripture," 
which 1 did not read till yesterday, 
let me request the favour of yon to 
admit the following observations 
upon the regret, which he expresses, 
that the {.assage in St. Luke should 
be retained in our Bibles, where the 
Holy Evangelist has recorded, that 
There were also two other male^ 
factors led with him to be put to 

His regret is not merely expressed, 
but he farther dictates — under in- 
expressible concern — that **^ for ob- 
vious, reasuns, the word otTier shouid 
be expunged." 

For more obvious reasons no al- 
teration should, or can consistently 
with the tenor of Holy Scripture, 
be admitted. Not an iota should be 
omitted from any part of the Sacred 
Records. Thou shalt not add there- 
to, nor diminish aught therefrom, is 
a solemn obligation, not less incum- 
bent upon the laity, thau on the 
clergy of the estabiished religion in 
this country. 

Flxplana{ions of difficult or ambi- 
guous passages cannot, with any pro- 
priety or regard to the original writ- 
ings, be made, by thrusting out 
from the sacred page, words, which 
correspond not to the ideas which 
we have indulged as amending the 
text. Theie has already been too 
much alteration and conceited im- 
provement ill our religious service, 
to give encouragement to any addi- 
tional introduction to other inno- 

As an old-fashioned Parson, not 
easily bending to be schooled by the 
j^retty scholars in our pulpits^ who. 

22 On Alterations qf the Language of Scripture^ Kc. [Jan; 

priest at the altar, cbmig;iii|^ this po^ 
Mtive command teen t» Thou sbait sot 
commit adultery, by frittering away 
and eufeebtin^ the Drvine injunction 
to — Thou oughtest not to commit 
adultery? Doea it proceed from a 
nicer and more exquisite seose of 
feeling, or from extreme tenderness 
to the wounded conscience of the 
different adulterers and adulteresses 
-— of women* who, inflamed with 
lust, bate cruelly forsaken the suck- 
ing child •— who have abandoned 
their infant offspring to defile tbem*^ 
seWes in the filthy stews of licentious 
prostitution — that the Church stands 
thus exposed to the danger of Secta- 
rian accusation, that we are teaching 
for doctrines the commandments of 
Men ? 

To my mind, these unjustifiable in- 
troductions into our Church Service 
offer more obvious reasons for retaiu» 
ing the objected passage in St. Luke, 
than for introducing into the next- 
editions of our Bibles a corrected 

With regret be it observed, that, 
in the late editions of our Book of 
Common Prayer, omissions and al- 
terations have been made, even from 
the Clarendon Press. But Jet nie 
proceed to make some further ob- 
servations upon the text in question. 

Sincerely wishing that the sacred 
image of the innocent and unspotted 
life of Christ were so indelibly im- 
printed on my breast, that it might 
serve as a perpetual memento to fol- 
low his blessed steps, there appears 
to me nothing very harsh or dis- 
cordant in the passage under our 
consideration. The English versiou 
is a literal translation from the 
Greek. It is so verbatim* And as 
the translation of the Sacred Scripture 
toto our language is allowed to be 
mote excellent than that of any pro- 
fane author extant, why should we 
pull to pieces so goodly a fabrick ? 
Take away one stone, and a second, 
a third, a fourth, and to on, might 
quickly follow. But, be this as it 
may, consider the passage as it stands 
in close connexion with what the 
Prophets predicted, or with what the 
three other Evangelists have nar* 
rated, with respect to the ignomi- 
nious Death of Christ; and it will 
appear, that as the one illustrates 
the other, so will the illustration 
prove so fully sufficient to the vindi"* 

caiion of the Evangel ist, that wil- 
ftilly to remove a tittle from the 
Gospel, would be almost an act of 

In that beautiful and sublime chap* 
ter of Isaiah, wherem he foretek the 
CrucifixroD of Christ, and delineates 
that tragical event not less circom- 
stantiaily and minutely than if be had 
been a mournful spectator ^ at the 
foot of the Cross, there is no essen- 
tial difference of expression in the 
12th verse of the 5Sd chapter of the 
Prophet, and the 32d verse of the 28d 
chapter of St. Lake. If the Evangelist 
offends the fastidious ear by ranking 
the Innocent Sufferer with the guilty 
criminals, who died, one on his right 
band, and another on his left, the dis- 
crimination of punishnsent is not 
more guardedly worded in the Pro- 
phet. St. Luke informs us. That 
there were also two other malefactors 
led with him to be put to death. The 
Prophet, speaking of the future as 
of a past transaction, records, in si- 
milar language, That he was num- 
bered with the transgressors. A 
transgressor and a malefactor are 
synonymous terms. To^the common 
ear, from the dbgrace of a |nil>lic 
execution as a felon, the sound of 
the one has become more disagreealAe 
to our sensations than the other. But 
whatever sensibility of this kind may 
be either really felt, or claimed, the 
fact is, that our Savieor Jesus Christ 
was in the number of transgressors. 
Neither shame, nor disgrace, is at- 
tached to the innocent sufferer, who 
thus made his grave with the wicked. 
He endured the cross, despising the 
shame. In truth, had he not died as 
a Malefactor, we should at this time 
be at a loss to discover one of the 
principal features in the character of 
Christ. But having the evidence uf 
a Jew to prove that if he were not a 
malefactor, they would not have de- 
livered him up unto Pilate ^— and, 
further, subscribing to the sentence 
of the judicial law, that Cursed it 
every one that hangeth on a tree, 
we have this assurance of faith, that 
Christ was made a curse for us. We 
have the consolation of knowing, 
that, by Chrisl*s dying for us as a 
malefactor, bearing for us t'he punish- 
ment of our sins, we are justified by 
his blood. The Lord hath laid ou 
him the iniquity of us all. He was 
wounded for jour traasgrassioas.. He 


1816.] Motiots for joining the Bible Society. 12S 

irasbruMed for oqr injqiutieir. Tfae Religiofi, "and to the drthodoz'priii* 

chastigement of our p«ace mat Q*{H»n cipleiiof UioBe whoattelided ito meet* 

kirn '-^ aod with his stripef we are ii^.*^ We have here a Protestaot 

beaTed. Biahop dedariog the diitribation of 

Desirous of compressing io one the Bible to be dangerous to the 

short liiie» all that has hiti^to been l&itablisbed Church, aad to the'ortho* 

adTancedy instead of expunging olAer» dox principles of such as may attend 

I would rather, by the insertion of a the roeetinrs I 

comroa, preserTe the integrity of the His Lordship is supposed to hare 

Terse, by thus pointing the passage in stated, *' that though it be our duty 

question : ** And there were also two to fhew gentleness^ forbearahcef and 

other, malefactors, led with him to charity towards all our Christian 

be put to death." brethren, yet that we are not autho« 

W ihLiAH'CH A9.hi^9 Dykb* rised to give the right hand of fellow 

n wii ship or co-operation to those whs 

Mr. Ueban, Jmn» 3. cause divisions ; but that, on the con- 

WH£N I became a member of a trary, we are taught to avoid them,^* 

Bible Society, I thought that Surely, Sir, the Correspondent who 

the commuoicatiops which took sent you the paper must haye roi»- 

place between the members of our quoted — is this the ir^nf/^ness, /or- 

Churcb, Pisseuters, and R<iman hearanccy and charity of a Chris* 

Catholics, was likely to soften old tian, of a Protestant, of a Protectant 

asperities ; and as we all agreed in Bishop ? 

acknowledging one God and one This was not the language of ArcK^ 
Christ, by whom we all hoped tp be bishop Seeker : 
saved^ it seemed that these meetings - « Roman Catholics," says he, " have 
might brinz us n^rer to the forming learned to think that amongst those 
that one ch|ircb, which our Saviour whom they had used to call heretics, as 
meant to establish, than we ha?e well as amongst their oWn brethren, 
hitherto been. When I saw this are men, who have as deep-rooted faith 
Society countenanced by several of in the Redeemer of mankind, a;iid who 
our prelates, by dignitaries, and dis- hold themselves tahave as large an in- 
tinguished members of our church, Merest in his works and promises, as 
1 was confirmed in my opinion that ^Y^^ ^f ^ ^°^ ^^^^ '»*^"^^ "» hiin whieh 
the distribution of the Bible, not ^^^^ ^ad been taught to regard as ex- 
£har?ed with the oninions of anv *^^"^'^^ privileges of the followers of the 
cnargea witn ine opmions or any Romish Church. — That it is admitted 
Sect, but containmg what all Sects j, ^j,,,^,^ Catholics, that men may 
believe, was domg more towards a differ from them in reliiflous opinions, 
general djflfuaion of Christianity than and still be Christians ; that the Holy 
had ever been done before. I was Scriptures are not the exclusive inhe- 
not unaware that there existed a ve- ritance of the Rdmish Church, but that 
aerahleSociety for the Propagation of there are seceders from her, who hold 
Christian Knowledge, which had done and reverence them, and are as anxious 
much good ; but it appeared that the to preserve them pure, and free from 
fHmds of that Society were not equal human corruptions, as the most zealous 
*o such a general distribution of the of her followers." 
Word of God as this new Society had Would the writer of this haTc re- 
funds to procure. I littJe thought fused the right hand of fellowship to 
that such an establishment as the old even a Roman Catholic? Would he 
one could be angry at receiving as- have avoided such an one, if he had 
sistance towards promoting the Tery sought communication ? ' P. L. 

jiurpose of their institution. — 

Such, h4>wever, is, unfortunately, Mr. Urban, Henley, Dee* %\, 

the case ; and, if you have truly quoted HPHE Epilogue of this year to the 

the Charge of a Bight Rev. and i Westiriinster Pl?iy of Terence's 

Learned Bishop (which I hope you Andria, is one of the liveliest speci- 

have not), his Lordship expressed mens of satirical wit that has ever 

** his regret that many of the Clergy been* acheived, in modern days, by 
of his diocese had become members the votaries of the Latin muse. The 

of the British and Foreign Bible So- lash is thi*own with consummate 
ciety," — which " he considered as adroitness on the backs of the Cra- 

very dangerous to the Established oiplogists, and the empiricism of their 


24 Prolegues and Epilogues to the Westminster Plays. \ [Jan. 

pseud o-8cienti fie fever laid bare to tion, earoeitly to 8u?geit to lorae 

the unniingled ridicule of the world, gentleman of enterpnte, taste, and" 

I lament that I have not the honour assiduity, the pleasure they would 

[and such I really should consider it] furnish to the whole republic of iet- 

of an acquaintance with the acconi- ters,by stringing these jewels together, 

plished author of this delightful jeu and publishing them in one solid 

tCespril^ or I should petition hiro for mass of brilliant compactness. Itia 

a copy of it, and solicit you to pre- well known that some of the mdtt 

sent it to the world as the better half distinguished scholars of the age,, 

of this my present communication, casting an eye of fond and grateful 

I anticipate, however, with eager retrospection upon the theatre of 

confidence, its appearance in jour their early education and yonthful 

pages, Mr. Urban, at no distant pe- attachments, have given the best 

riod, where 1 have so often read, and proof of the reality of thete delicious 

in regular annual succession, many feelings, whereby they have been en- 

of its predecessors. Your Magazine abledto live over again the days that 

is the only journal, I believe, that are passed and can never be recalled^ 

has conferred this favour on the lite- by throwing an Epilogue into ' the 

rary world *i and the principal ob« Dormitory of Westminster School! 

ject of my present address is to ex- Of those excellent men and illustrious 

press my regret that these charming scholars who have thus, with the 

compositions have never yet been most ami able graces of tondescensioo^ 

presented to the publick in a collected contributed to the amusement and 

shape. The ruling object of the edification of their successors, let il 

Epilogue is, ** to seize the living man* be sufficient, for the present, to raee* 

ners as they rise,'* and more espe- tion the names of Markharo*, Yin- 

cially to stab and subdue, with the centS W.Jackson', CareyS J. Gra- 

barb of ironical wit, the more pro- ham^ Q. Smiths, Page ^ and Coney- 

minent follies and vicious fashions of beared I am, Str, 

the day. Contemplated in this view. Yours, &c. 

they form a most amusing chronicle PHiLo-WESTMOxASTfeRiENsis*. 

of the laughable and of the illicit ' ^ 

pursuits of the limes, set off with all »^» Cassanne asks for particulars of 

the chastised graces of classical com- Robert Lamb, Bishop of Peterborough 

position. In a word, they are gems _ his birth, parentage, Ac. He has 

of their kind, and deserving of immor- been informed that there is an account of 

talily ; and 1 hope you will allow me, bim in Sir E. Brydges' " Restituta," biit 

through the medium of your publica- has not seen that; book. 

^ " The Classical J oumal*' excepted. Edit. 
1 The late venerable Metro]|olitan of York. 

' Dean of Westniiaster, the deeply-learned and eloquent Historian of the Navi- 
gation of the Red Sea, and, for many years, a faithful and affectionate guardian o^ 
the morals of his pupils, as well as a diligent and able pilot of their classical stodieSy 
iu the discbarge of his most laborious duties as Head Master of Westminster 

School As I was writing this, I was appalled by bearing of the death of ♦M #- 

good Christian^ " in lull age and hoary holiness," atlslip, in Oxfordshire : 

Ebeu ! fugaces'. 

Labuntur anni ; nee PSetas moram 
Kugis et instant! senectse 
Afferet, indomiteque morti ! Horace* 

3 The late Bishop of Oxford, and brother of Dr. Cyril Jackson. 
* Late student of Christ Church, Head Master of Westminster School, and wm 
Prebendary of Westminster. 

A Chaplain of All Souls College, and of the Infirmiury, Oxford, and formerly 
Gentleman Commoner of Christ Church : — a gentleman, who to a most refined 
classical taste, and tbe richest acquisitions of theology, unites a fancy highly 
poetical, and very unusual powers of wit and humour. He contributed, with Us 
accustomed felicity, the Preface and Notes to the last edition of Mr. Hayley^ 
Essay on Old Maids. 

<> Many years Usher at Westminster School, and now Rector of Newcastle-on'» 
7 The present Head Master of Westminster School. 

* Student of Christ Church, and Profsssar of Poetry in the University of Oxford, 



Journty to the Isle of Wight. 


Mr. UR^Air, Dec, 19. 

SHOULD the following Journey of 
a Gentleman, who was young at 
the tiine H was taken, liTed t6 a good 
old age in th^ service of his Country^ 
and a few years ago was gathered to 
his fathers, be deemed worthy a place 
in your Miscellany, its insertion will 
oblige one who has beeii from ex^ 
treine youth ai reader and admirer of 
the Gentleman's Magazine, and has, 
as lbd|^ as she can remember such 
Afii^«, been An 17rba.nitess. 

A 3ourney to the Tsle of Wight, 
Set out, with a companion, from 
Westminster, the 3 1st of May, 1753, 
and the next day reached Guildford j 
#hD8e South end rises pleasantlvi 
and gives abetter prospect than could 
be'elKpected, while the sight is pent 
tip in a small compass by surrounding 
hills: the town itself, and winding 
river Wey, look very agreeable from 
{Catherine- hill, which has a small 
ruined Chapel, composed of hard 
tiles and a strong cement ; yet several 
^mall trees are on the walls, and strike 
down their roots very deep through, 
the solid building. 

June 2. Walked in a fog to that 
romantic piece of earth, Hindhead$ 
it begins at the 4 1st mile-stone, and 
extends to the 46th, which is the 
last set up from London. This five 
miles was formerly troublesome tq 
travel, but the road is now made 
straight and convenient,beiog brought 
from the West to the East of the 
Devir^ Punch-bowl. Hindhead has 
several de^p hollows^ like the Punch- 
bowl ; barren, and frightful of as- 
pect, but aiv^ays agreeable sights 
to my fancy, as are the solitary 
hills adjacent. The low valle}s were 
filled with fog when we came to 
the Punch-bowl, which the Sun began 
to eraply as we reached the Southern 
brim; and the wind carried ofi* the 
vapours very swiftly, in great drifts, 
while the Sun introduced a fierce 
heal : these motions of the elements. 
Continually cloj;ging the prospect, 
were very amusing to my imagina- 
tion. The hill beyoud Rake has a 
circular prospect of gjood extent, and 
shews the Downs of Sussex to a great 
distance in Lite East. We gained a 
fine view of Portsmouth and the ship- 
ping from Porlsca Down, with a mo- 
ibrate one of the sea. It fell calm at 
Gent. Mag. January^ 1816. 

4 • 

Portsmouth, where we took a sculler 
for the Isle of Wight; but a vast 
large cloud hung over the Western 
sky. from whence came lightning al- 
most continually, and made us expect 
strong squalls of wind or rain ; where* 
fore my companion helped row the 
whole seven miles, while I sat specta- 
tor of the long - neglected Ocean, 
shores of the continent and island, 
black threatening sky, and flashes of 
lightning ; things which to me are at 
afl times matter of contemplation and 
admiration. We landed at Ryde aft«r 
10 o'clock, haying been little more 
thananhour on the water; and found 
the road to Brading very dirty and 
rough, thick set with gates and stiles, 
difficult to trace, and often injierrupted 
by ploughed lands and fields of bigb 
wet corn ; gr^at part of it lay througb 
a dark wood, where the melody of a 
nightingale rewarded us amply, fo^ 
this dismal walk ; and the grasshopf 
pers serenaded us from the flourish-^ 
iqg fields till midnight. 

Jt/nei. Ascended BirabridgeDo'wn, 
and after walking near a mile on its 
level top, descended so far, that I 
thought we were little above the 
ocean, but was astonished to find my- 
self on the brink of the Culver Cliff, 
as much above that element ^s the 
top of London Monument is front 
the ground. This Cliff has its namo 
from the sea-birds that lodge in it 5. 
the precipices are all chalk, or wbito 
rock, and mostly perpendicular ; yetr 
we have daring people who goi down 
by ropes to gather samphire. My 
companion had hunted hares to the 
edge of this cliff; and they have taken 
a lei^ to be dabbed in pieces on rocks 
below, instead of accepting the sport-, 
ive death which men and dogs de- 
signed them. A small chink in one 
ot the precipices leads down to a 
cavern named Hermit's Hole ; whicb 
I was deterred from visiting (after I 
had gone to the end of the chink, 
and lost the support of its outer cliff,) 
by the horrihie view, of the gulf be- 
low, and the narrowness of the path, 
which was but like a plank with its.* 
cAgt fixed in the precipice : niy com- 
panion likewise affirmed it was a com- 
mon retiting-piace for sheep in sultry 
weather, and if one of them was there 
when a man arrived, it came out in a 
fright, and attempted to take the 
wait, so that no safety was left for« 



Tour through the Isle of Wight. 


the man, but falling on his face, and 
letting I lie wool-beare'r skip over him. 
The wh'^Ie neighbourhood, however, 
affirm, that a hermil inhabited this 
caverii in good old times; but 1 do 
not believe there was any so whim- 
sical. Birabri«^ge Down is a penin- 
sula of equal height with its uclct 
neighbour, Brading Down, which be- 
ing but :t single hiB, has uevertheless 
two names, its North side being called 
Nunwell Down. We next went to 
Yarbridge, where a serpentine small 
river is crossed by a stone bridge, and 
meets the sea a little way off, at the 
head of St. Helen's harbour i which 
wouid fall in upon it, and overflow 
the niarshes at every flood-tide, were 
it not prevented by a flood-gate: the 
barbour is all dry at low water, ex- 
cept the narrow channel which re- 
ceives the river. We went beyond 
Sandown village, for two miles toge- 
ther, on a fine level sand; which is 
pressed so hard by the flood-tides, 
that when the surge retires, the place 
is very firm, and affords fine gallop- 
ing to horsemen. I thought the sea 
bad withdrawn from its ctifTs at this 
place, about one hundred yards : 
xbese clifis are of several dark colours, 
and their tops are covered with floa- 
rishing corn ; they may be reckoned 
lofty, though much inferior to the 
Culver Cliif) which is commonly 
called the White Cliff. We stopped 
at the West end of Sandown Bay ; 
where the cliffs are intersected by a 
■arrow valley, called Shanklin Chine, 
and a small -utreara of water sloping 
down to the beach. This yalley, 
chink, or chasm, is a prplty good re- 
presentation, in miniature, or Lemon 
Valley on the African isle St. Helena. 
Some little patches of gardens are 
almost upright on its rocky sides, 
near an ordinary public-house; which 
teems but a tenth part so high as the 
broken precipice it stands In. 1 saw 
a large dog at the door, sitting silent 
and uielanchoiy ; which made roe say, 
1 wondered be took so little rare of 
bis master's house: but my compa- 
nion informed me, he had belonged to 
>a shepherd^ who, finding bini fail 

through age, and not so completely 
tend his flock as in time past, bad 
given him to the fishermen, that they 
might kill htm to catch crabs; and, 
that two or three others we had seen, 
thus dumb and sorrowful, were like- 
wise kept for that purpose, but re« 
prieved a short time by the arrival of 
k dead horse for the fishery : adding* 
it was common for shepherds and 
others to give th«ir old dogs, or sell 
them for a few pence, to make crab- 
bait, when no longer profitable, or 
keen for game ; that he himself had 
thus disposed of the finest pointer h# 
ever knew, because her sight grew 
dim after sporting for him many 
years*; and he supposed the reatoii 
of the dogs looking so dull at th^ 
fishermen's huts, wai their having, 
lost their- old masters. This roadW 
me reflect, that Death, to mankind, i| 
the wages of Sin and Vice; but abso* 
lutely the reverse with dogs and other 
creatures, who find it the reward of a 
faithful servitude, and well-spent life! 
Perhaps, however, other men are not 
cruel, but myself effeminate; and I 
ought to be ashamed of my comp:^s-> 
sionate regard, which profits me no* 
thing : but even insects have I suc- 
coured ; and all beings partake of mj 
love or charity »— the very devils not 

June 5. Took a walk beneath the 
Culver Cliff, at whose East end a 
spring gushes from the chalk rock, 
about the height of a spring- tide, and 
fills several cavities, like cups, in its 
fall, yet is not an inch wide. The 
shore that lies under the Culver is 
covered with two sorts of rocks ; the 
one, loose and smooth, but of a huge 
size ; the other, fixed and sharp, irr^- 

f[olar and fractured, having many 
impits on them ; but as to the White 
Horse, which certainly should be- 
called the White House, 1 know not 
whether to reckon it a rock or cliff: 
it joins to the main body of the Cul- 
ver, and reaches half way up, lik^ a 
very tall house, with a high sharp 
ridge : my companion shot at a gull 
that sat on it, and struck his mark« 
but the bird lost only a few feathers. 

* Would not an Indian, with bis tomahawk, have been as suitable a companion 
for a humanized l)eing, as the man who coiild tell such a stury othiiu^eli ? W hat a 
desert must such a mind be ! How devoid of every sentiment that orn'uuents our 
aature ! Several passag:es crossed over in the manuscript from which this «lourney 
is taken, appear to relate to this amiakk nnnuUM tempanion, and hk various^ 



Tour through the Isle of Wight. 


the charge haying little force §o high ; 
Dor could he get auother shot, though 
the guils flew ihrieking over us, as if 
io derisioQ, for they were cunnios 
enough to keep higher up the clia 
thao his gnu would reach $ so that 
this Doitiy war was without slaughter: 

The birds but half frighted ; 
The man half delighted. 

We next canoe to two large caves, 
and entered the farthest, which re- 
sembled the hold of a stout n^an of 
war, with the keel inverted, and stero 
cut off where it yawnit to receive the 
sea i which was then advancing, and 
had reached its end the tido before. 
We hasted back, and kept so close 
to the precipices, that some projected 
over our heads. 

June 6. Rode through Lake to 
Shanklin, and thereby avoided the dan- 
gerous road of Saiidown Cliff, which 
IS said to be scarce a foot in some 
places from their eitremity, where, 
they lately foundered.' We next rodef 
to Lackoa Farm, which the road al- 
most encompassed, in our way to the 
curious village of Bonchurch } a place 
so uncommonly and rudely situated, 
that I believe its fellow is not in Eng- 
land : the great bulk of those greeu 
Downs which compose the upper part 
of Dunnose, falls dowu above it ia a 
steep slope, and rests upon perpen- 
dicular stone cliffs, which are also 
higher than Bonchurch from their 
very base, and appear like the sides of 
extremely old castles, or venerable 
churches. As to the village itself, it 
is nothing more than a few scattered 
farms, and poor cottages, very thinly^ 
mixed among hideous rocks and the 
strangest wild pieces of brokeu land 
imaginable $ some parts stood up like 
mounds and tottermg walls, between 
us and the sea, which perhaps wou^d' 
be out of our sight for a quarter or a 
mile together ; and then, without 
rising from our former level, we 
seemed to depart from a deep valley, 
and found ourselves riding on the top 
of steep precipices, 'at whose bottom 
lay cultivated fields, which are also 
far above the sea (for the stately 
cliffs of Dunnose Point are between 
that element and them). Bonchurch 
is in the Eastern part of that astonish- 
ing tract called Under Way, and 
sometimes, more properly. Under 
Cliff} for it reaches the whole length 
of Dunnofe, and lies at the foQt of 

amazing stone precipices, which stand 
upright, and are the b <se of a lofty 
ridge of green Downs. Tliis tract is 
a sort of middle stage to that noted 
headland, Dunnose;. aud its cliffs be- 
low are greater io height than those 
above; yet a traveller finds himself 
conftantly under the land cliffs and 
seldom perceives that he is over the 
other; for. the rocks and irregular 
earth shut out the sea prospect verj 
often, and represent perpendicular 
cliffs, at intervals, rising on that Mjde 
as well as the other. Some pa(ts> of 
the rude Peak of Derby resemble the 
whole face of this fractured earth, 
and its rocky roads; but the sea- 
prospect persuader me to<give this 
the preference. I here saw fields of. 
corn in so various and steap situations, 
that I wondered Uie farmers could, 
get them ploughed: in short, the. 
whole a^ct of this tract* is a repre^ 
sentation of Nature and irregularity, 
in triumph over Art ai^d rule: for 
the cottages are not easily known 
from the rocks at a small distance ; 
nor the fruit-trees and others from 
the barren shrubs; nor the gardens 
and fields from the real wildernesses # 
and as to the sheep and cattle thai, 
are kept here, one would rather 
think they had concealed themselves: 
from mankind, than that any uiaa 
had, brought th^m here to feed and 
clothe him. But to complete the 
variety of this strange place, ttie land 
that lies under it, and ov^r the cliSk 
^of the sea, presents us at intervals 
with fertile fields of corn; and mos| 
part of the Downs that appear abov^ 
the high land cliffs, have sheep feed- 
ing on them. Another diversity of, 
this Under Cliff is, the Aue springs of 
water that gush from the land cliffs 
and fall across it. We were guided 
by one from Bonchurch to a farnt 
called Littletown, whence we proi- 
ceeded to Vintner Farm, and thence 
through the village ojf Steephill, iq . 
that of St. Lawrence, whose church it 
the least I ever saw ; the Ituigth on the 
outside being scarce ten yards, which 
is just double the breadth, the height 
to the eaves is a yard and a half, and 
the largest window but a foot wide, 
or at most 14 inches : it stands on a 
little hill, about a mile beyond the 
village, and is kept from sight by a 
low wall till one may throw a stone 
against it ; yet this, by advice of the 
bpors, wai to itand in our eye, and 



Isle of Wight — Mr. Ambrose Pitman. 


direct us, like a beacon, to Niton 
Tillage, where we next arri?ed. This 
place is commonly ealled Crab Niton, 
from its crab and lobster fishery ; it 
stands but a little past Under Cliff, 
which had begun to change its ap- 
pearance when we came within half a 
mile of its end, the sea clifi(s termi- 
nating, and the ground sloping gra- 
dually down to the water; but the 
land cliffs held on to near Crab Niton. 
The whole length of Under Cliff is 
about six miles ; it commences at 
Bonchurch, which I reckon the most 
curious of it all. We rode from 
Niton to Whitwell, and thence, by 
Week Farm, to the top of a single 
Down; which presented a^ery good 
prospect, but nothing that struck my 
eye so much as the cliffs named Fresh- 
water, at the West end of the Island : 
they resemble the Culver, but seem 
to be longer and higher. We had a 
wandering troublesome ride the rest 
df our way ; the country folks beiug 
too simple to direct us, and the road 
too intricate for strangers. We now 
ascended another Down, but rambled 
by guess froih hill to hill : the first tH- 
iage we came to was Appuldurcombe, 
where a handsome house adorns a 
small park : we passed hence to the 
right of Aps Farm, and through Lane 
to Brading. Almost all the roads that 
we travelled to-day were either un- 
even rocky ground, or full of loose 
stones; and the gates were set so 
thick across the highways, that I 
never saw or heard of the like in 
England: 1 was told by an Apothe- 
cary, that he got up one night, and 
tv>ok horse in haste, to visit a patient 
not two miles off, and had fifteen gates 
to open in his way. 

(To '*ff continued.) 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 10. 

^^OUR liberality, I am confident, 
X will induce you to admit an en- 
deavour to counteract the effects of 
the severe strictures (to give them no 
fk^orse an epithet) in your last volume, 
p. 540, on " The Miseries of Music 

To say nothing of the extract, 
which has not been fairly quoted, 
your Reviewer charges Mr. Pitman 
with ^^ a scrap knowledge of Musick;" 
but when you are informed that Mr. 
Pitman had a regular musical educa- 
tion under the late celebrated Dr. 
A rue, and has cultivated thb Science 

for more than 45 years, it cannot be 
supposed that his knowledge of the 
art can be a scrap one, *' immethodi- 
cally made up of second-hand quota- 
tions." The Reviewer mentions one, 
and it is the only •ne in the whole 
book, taken from your Magazine, 
and which, be says, is fabely attri- 
buted to Lavater. The lines in ques- 
tion are certainly introduced, but 
with inverted commas, to shew them 
to be a quotation, and also with a 
note Tand not lines) by Lavater, taken 
exactlv as it a{>peared in the Maea- 
zine alluded to. It does not fol^w 
from this that the lines were attri- 
buted to Lavater ; and merely for iii< 
troducin^ that single extract, Mr. 
Pitman is charged with having only 
'* a scrap knowledge of Musick, made 
up of second-hand quotations." In. 
stead of confining his remarks to the 
didactic part of the Poem, there is on 
that head a total silence ; not a word 
on the art of fingering (the most in- 
teresting part of the book) i bnt the 
Reviewer observes only on the versi- 
fication, and speaks of the amusing <>• 
regularity of Hudibras, whom I never 
understood to be an irregular writer. 
Foote's Minuet, on which the Re- 
viewer chooses to be pleasant, was 
not introduced as an example of what 
the Author advanced respecting Ac- 
cent, but only as a primary lesson, 
usually given for upwards of 50 years 
to young practitioners on keyed in- 

It may not be ill-timed, Mr. Urban, 
to transcribe a few lines respecting 
the'Author of the work in question, 
from the lately published *' Biographi- 
cal Dictionary of Living Authors \* 
as there are, doubtless, very mauy of 
your Readers who may not have an 
opportunity of consulting that useful 
publication : 

'^ Pitman, Ambrose, £8q. is the 
younger of two sons of the late Bartlett 
Pitman, esq^ a respectable country gen- 
tleman in Gloucestershire, by Anne, 
one of the coheiresses of Thomas Hal- 
lett, esq. of Bridport, in Dorsetshire. 
Mr. Thomas Pitman, the elder brother 
of our Author, was inspector general of 
the brewery throughout England and 
Wales. He was a distinguished mathe- 
matician, and died in 1795. The sub- 
ject of the present article, having a mu- 
sical turn, was placed under Dr. Arne in 
1775, and continued with that eminent 
composer till the death of the Doctor, 
in 1778. After that event he retired 


1916.] Howard the>Fhilanihrapist.-^Mh]i€aMni9L 99 

iotatbe coqntnr^ on an estate wl|icli wa* laable ioforroalittn ffom aome of bit 

left bim by bU aont. At the a^ of farfiTiii^ friesilai and I woaldfvfil 

seventeen be *pablit}ied a Pbem, which myielf pf the Axteunve civcolalka of 

was faTooraUy received; and, aboattfae your ifalaable. Miicellanj, to 

same time, be wrote a eonue Opera, in ^^ i^aa of anj of Mr- Howard's or*- 

two Mts ; bat itwM Jf«* a<f d» though gi^^l letters, aol the communication 

SeaJlatti, setected from that Anlhor-s «»»y f.^^ ^ j""^» <»^ «^ «i« Wl«r 

'Suites de%e9ons.' About this period «»Jat«^es of siwli as are deceased* 

he resided in the Weald of Kent, whei« ^w^ Whom I have not the ad? anisgo 

be continued seven yeikn» culUvatinf bis of any mpre priTate medium of cobb^ 

favourite pursuits^andoccasionaltyfigotv munication. 

Ini^ as a poetical correspondent in the ' Such assistance» however tri flings hi 

Maidstone Journal, under the signature extent, I ihali most thaokfuUy i^ 

of Epbraim E^ugram, Esq. He also ceive, and readily acltnowledget oa 

published the favourite Amoroso of the the publication of the worki and an* 

Pensive Bose, and Sonnets from Pte- commuoicatton on tbe subject* ad- 

trarcb, with accompaniments. Oh his dressed to me at 32, Fleet-street* will 

ittorn to London, about 17^5, he pub* ,„^| ^^^ immediale attention fron 

Jambs Bajloit |h B&qvii. 

Ksbed several other musicid works, and 
be was likewise a frequent contributor 
to the Newspapers and the European 
Haga^dne. Mr. Pitman bM been mar- 
ried many years, and has one child now 
living, a daughter, about eighteen, wlio 
Is distingoistMd by l^r musical taJents. 
The literary works of this writer are as 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 7. 

ALLOW me to trouble you with a 
few words, in answer to your 
Correspopdent T. F. in the last Ma-. 
gazine. This Gentleman has thougbl 

follow: 'Eugeuio, or the Man of Sor- nt totally. to mistake my meaning* 
row; a legendary Tale, in verse ;' 17S8, for the purpose of writing a loi^ and 
4to.— 'The Distress of Integrity and laboured defpnce of what was never 
Virtucy a Poem, in three cantOs;' called in question, — theriffhtofeverr 
1763, 4to." •• — *- ^- ''^' • • ^ 

. Yours, &c.. A FRiXN D TO Merit. 

HAVING in my possession several 
original letters and memoranda 
in the hand-writing of the celebrated 
John Howard, and his cooifidential 
atlendaot, tending to throw consider- 
able light upon the motives which 
iropell^ that great philanthropist to 
those extraordinary exertions for the 
alleviation of human misery which 

one to dispose of (lis propierty in suco 
manner as he thinks fit. With .thr 
major part of his letter, therefore, I 
have little to doj the whole of my 
remarks were urged against that prin* 
ciple of obtaining forced sale for 
works, by holding out the delusion ik 
small. numbers, and the destruction of 
the materials, thereby producing sub* 
s'cribers to works, which, brought 
forth in the usual mode, would oieet 
with few purchasers. 

There may have been a period 

when such measures were neces* 

have immortalize his name; and (if sary ; but in the present day, when 

it be possible) to give to those ex- there is such abundant patronage for 

ertions a yet stronger claim upon our 
admiration amd esteem, by making 
lis more intimately acquainted with 
the personal character and private 
feelings of the man, who, like the 

any work of merit, it will be iu vain 
to use such a plea as an apology. 
The case is thus: from the hi;rti 
prices which old books fetched a few 
years ago, many who required them 

great exemplar constantly before his for purposes benehcial to literature. 

eyes, ''went about doing good:'* it 
iii my intention, from these, and such 
other materials as I may be able to 
collect, to compose and publish a 
short sketch of the public abd private 
iife of this distinguished character. 

Towards the compilation of such a 
work, I have already been favoured 

wilb the communicaUoQ of much ya- . were re»riiitedt 

were unable to gratify their wishes: 
this led to the idea of reprinting them: 
the result fully justified the expecta- 
tion ; almost all our aoiieut Histo* 
rians and Chroniclers, several of our 
aotient Poets, Iloliushed, Fuller, 
Froissart, Massioger,and uiany others, 
not necessary to be mentioned here* 


30 Bibliomania. — Anbther Bonfire! — Philology. [Jan. 

likely to become general ; 1, ever fore- 
mott to catch at SLgood hfnt, embracd 
the first opportuoity of inforni'Dg all 
those whom it may concern as foliowi t 
Whereas my work of Antient'^ Sculp- 
ture and Painting*' is now become a 
<*dead stock $'' that is, with regard 
to the few copies left $ and likewise 
as my present undlTtaktng, the 
" Antient Architecture of EngJaud,** 
is at a stand, foi* want of the usual 
aid, liberality of Subscribers (some 
dead, some tired of collecting, &c.), 
declare, truly declarej that out of 
reaped to them, and a peculiar sutis-: 
faction to myself, 1 propose, wheo 
they and others, my friends and pa* 
trons, appoint the time and place, by 
a special meeting convened for thai 
purpose (not presuming to fix such 
important matters by ray own de- 
termination), not less than 500 be- 
ing present, and having signed their 
names to commemorate the deed, 
to be ready and willing, with ray 
said performances, to cast them into 
the flames, either in open view, to 
gratify a generous publick^ or pri- 
vately to entertain the above select 
few\ taking into my own hands what 
benefit^ or otherwise, may accrue oi| 
the occasion. J. CiaTER, 

ItyUpper Eaton- St. GrosvenoT'place. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 5. 

MAN is distinguished from other 
animals by a power of cpm- 
muiticating more readily his thoughts 
by means of words, wliich are necet* 
sarily, therefore, si^^os of ideas. There 
seems to be a particular part of the 
Brain designed to produce, in a more 
or less degree, according to the mea- 
sure of its developement, this peculiar 
faculty of perceiving and establish- 
ing a relation between ideas and re- 
presentative sounds. Drs« Gall and 
Spurzhein), to whom tt^e world are 
indebted for the only existing Ana-, 
tomy of the Brain, have called thit 
part of it the Organ of Language $. 
and experience seems to confirm the 
opinions which they have entertained 
respecting the functions of this orcan. 
The opinions published by the late 
J. H. Tooke, respecting the nature of 
Language, seem to have been per- 
fectly misunderstood by those who 
have attempted to confute him. To 
me, the fact that words have all beea 
originally sounds significant of their 
own force, Mems incontrovertiblx 


The success of these works induced 
many to believe, that a book need 
only to be rare, to answer well in 
re-publication ; the consequence of 
-which is, we have been deluged with 
a deal of the trash of antient days, 
dragged forth into light through the 
indiscriminate taste of editors, or the 
cupidity of booksellers : these works, 
deficient in intrinsic merit, have been 
obliged to be supported by the means 
which I have endeavoured to expose. 
Valuable books required no such aid. 
It was against this system that my 
remarks* have been urged ; I consider 
it as discreditable, and shall ever con- 
tinue to think so. 

This mode it was impossible could 
long maintain its gr(»und ; and the 
depreciation in works published io 
the manner heretofore described, fully 
proves my assertion; and it would 
not be difficult to give a few exam- 
ples, in orderv to convince T. F. and 
those who may happen to think with 
him. Such instances, and several 
might be named, would be sufficient 
to prove that ray remarks have not 
* been dictated from disappointment in 
procuring these or similar publica- 
tions, or, as your Correspondent ima- 
gines, from having come in a day too 
late, 1 wilt not, in imitation of T. F, 
take up the time of your Readers by 
conjectures as to the number of his 
\oiume8,orthe nature of his pursuits; 
it would be a task of little difficulty 
to fix upon hiiu some distinguishir^g 
mark. It must be confessed ^e 
struggles hard for a sinking cause, 
and what is now becoming a losing 

In conclusion, let me assure T. F. 
that if my taste should ever lead aie 
to collect such books as I have al- 
luded to, I do not anticipate any dif- 
ficulty in procuring them. 

Yours, &c. Philo-Lib. 

♦#• This letter renders the insertion 
of the communications of Monitor, &c 
unnecessary. Enrr. 

Mr. Urban, Jan, 9. 

AS it is more than probable, from 
certain readings in your Miscel- 
lany in November and December last, 
that when Authors, &c, find their 
works lie heavy on hand, the rage, 
or fashion, of announcing that a 
** conflagration" of said productions 
will take place oo a givea day, ii 


Hernia, or Rupturtj very general. 


proved by etymology. Bu4 thai they 
retain their primitive sigoificatioo 
now, it by no meaai the case. In ra* 
pid discourse, not only words, but 
even whole sentences, seem to be the 
representatives of ideas: we catch 
the sense of the phrase^ and unless 
there be any incongruity in its partS) 
to which we are unaccustomed, we 
do not perceive the p2^'ticular force 
of the component words. This ena- 
bles us to account for conjunct ions, 
prepositions, and other particles which 
are most frequently and rapidly used, 
losing their primitive signification, 
and appearing only like avaot-couriers 
in discourse, which serve to com- 
plete tlie sentences. 

Words, according to their present 
use, though they do not, when taken 
separately, excite the ideas of their 
original import, yet they are nev^r 
correctly used in ttie sense in which 
they will not bear an etymological 
dissection without essentially altering 
the meaning; and etymology serves 
to ennble ur to trace the genealogy 
and order of human ideas, and to view 
language in the simplicity of its ori- 
gin, before, from the more refined 
state of human sentiment, and the 
multiplication of ideas, the communi- 
cation thereof became complicated. 

That all words may be traced to 
nouns and verbs, can, 1 think, be ety- 
molo^ically proved; and it shews 
that the Organs of Individuality, and 
the feelings, were earlier active than 
comparison, and the Reflcctm*>; Fa- 
culties; which subsequently refined 
language, and facilitated the com- 
municatiou of philosophical ideas. — 
It is my intention, after ihtnQ pre- 
fatory remarks, to illustrate this po- 
sition by a series of etymological 
examples, if you will be so good as 
to give them place in your iMagazine. 
Yours, &c. T. F. 

Mr. Urbajt, Jan» 15. 

IN the progress of Disease, there is 
scarcely any one 'more alarming 
than that of Hernia^ or Rupture, 
which seems to increase beyond the 
powers of calculation. In the West 
of England, in only one district com- 
prising 200,000 inhabitants it h:is 
Deen ascertained, by actual observa- 
tion of the medical practitioners, that 
upwards of one in live of that whole 

fopulation labour under this malady. 
B ether parta ef fingland, and in the 

Metropolis and its yicinity, it exista 
in one.nerson in every eight through 
the male population of this kingdom; , 
and even in a much greater propor- 
tion among the labouring classes of 
the community in all manufacturing 
districts, particularly in those who are 
employed in weaving, or on the 
water, as boatmen. 

It has been found to occur at all 
periods of life, in either sex, and it 
not the consequence of depraved ha- 
bits; but arises either from bodily 
defect, or those laborious exertions* 
from which the affluent are in general 
exempted. Hence a large proportioa 
of the sufferers under this afflictioB 
is found among the poor. Whea 
these cases are neglected in their early 
stages, either through delicacy^or ex- 
treme poverty, the malady daily in- 
creases, in proportion to the indus- 
trious habits of the patient ; and from 
this circumstance, the services of 
many ingenious artificers and useful 
labourers have been totally lost to 
the community; and their families, 
once decently maintained by them, 
have become absolutely impoverished. 

The institution of Societies* for 
grantijig relief in these cases to thai 
poor, has had the more extensive he- * 
nefit of inducing many, who had long 
concealed their complaint, to seek 
medical assistance. In large manu- 
factories, especially those where ^reat 
exertion is required, out of tivcry 
hundred persons employed, twenty- 
two are thus afflictcii : ihis dtsuands 
of the superintenuant (ht; most care- 
ful cor.sideration. The pro}jortioa 
which the coinpiaint bears bctwcea 
the sexes, is more thtin one-filth in 
favour of females; for in the returns 
which I have obtained from the City 
Truss Society, out of 9953 cases of 
relief in the short space of eight years 
past, S230 were males, and 1T33 were 
females ; which proves the fact above 
stated, that labour and great exertion 
are the chief causes of this luaiady. 
The far gre-iier propoction of num- 
bers attacked by it are between the 
ages of 40 anl 50, when strength and 
vigour are in mature exertion ; the 
next proportion and danger is from 
50 to 60 yoars ; the numbers towards 
old age decline, but then many do not 
reach old age from other causes; and 
nearly a fourteenth part of the whole 
number are children under ten yeari 
of age. — The case is to alarn(\ii;g, be-. 


S2 Appeal for Relief vf ending and deserted Females. [Jan. 

cause lb general and to severe, that norserj \ and who, it is a melancholy 
commiseration and generosity, where truth, are no less distinguishable by 
the? are discovered, are always well their infantile appearance, than by 
deserved and bestowed. A. H. the unblushing manner in which they 

force them set vet upon the atteution 
of the passenger. 

Whatever may be said relative to 
the causes which seduce those of a 
more mature age from the paths of 
Virtue (and I have in general foutoil 
this most unfortunate description of 
persons to be far more sinned against 
than sinning), we cannot impute to 
extravagance, to credulity, or to th^ 
operation of uncontrouled passions, 
the fail of these youthful sacrifices to 
the depravity of the other sex. They 
are, and from the nature of the caso 
must be, involuntary, passive^ unre- 
sisting victims upon the altar of Mo- 
loch ! but whether overawed through 
tbe operation of fear, or forced by 
open and undisguised violence, they 
are alike plunged into the abyst of 
destruction, before they are conscious 
of the ruin they are compelled to 

What then is to be the fate of theso 
unfortunate beings, whose doom ap- 
pears thus to be fixed, before reason 
or choice can take any part in the 
event? Must they perish by misery 
and disease before the pen of Time 
has written Woman upon the brow? 
or will the benevolent stretch oat the 
hand of compassion, and rescue from 
sorrow, from sin, and from the grave, 
these hapless daughters of Affliction, 
who have jet known little of life, ex- 
cept its crimes and its miseries? 

A more favourable prospect seenft 
to open upon us : *' A Guardian So- 
ciety for providing an asylum for un- 
fortunate Females," has been formed; 
and sure I am that the claims of thit 
most pitiable class of sufferers will 
not be permitted to pass unheeded 
by the philanthropic characters who 
conduct the affairs of this excellent 

1 will now leave the subject to the 
consideration of your ResrdtTs ; re- 
questing those who, at this festive 
season, behold their own blooming 
offspring smiling around thciu iu 
peace and security, to contrast the 
sufferings of the infant daughters of 
Sin with these happier prospects, and 
to shew their gratitude to the Giver 
of alt good things, by uniting to tav^ 
bis fallen and deserted creatures ! 
Yours, &c. £. L. 


Mr. Urban, Dec. 18, 1815. 

ALTHOUGH your valuable pages 
are, in a great degree^ devoted 
to the purposes of Literature, yet 
never did the sacred cause of Hu* 
manitj want an advocate in Sylvanuf 

I iainent much that the account of 
a transaction which took place in 
May last, at the Police-office in Hat«> 
ton-Garden, is not upon record in 
your widely - circulated Miscellany. 
A father appeared, leading by the 
hand his infant daughter (for she was 
little more than ten years of age), 
stating that Khe had, even at that 
early period of life, already imbibed 
the most vicious habits, and request- 
ing the advice and assistance of the 
Ma<^ist rates to save her from inevita- 
ble and xpecdy destruction ! * 

6uch are the simple outlines of the 
case; and no heit^htoniiig of colour 
is rc(]iii!tite to make the dreadful pic- 
ture more impressive ! JBut upon in- 
vestigation it appeared, that f^o one 
ot the numerous and excellent Insti- 
tutions which do honour to the inha- 
bitants of this Metropolis, could re- 
ceive this unfortunate child % and her 
very youth operated as a cause of ex- 
clusion from the Hospital more ex- 
pressly appropriated to the relief of 
the erring and most pitiable part of 
her sex. 

You, Sir, have lived too long in, 
and mixed too widely with the world, 
to consider this as a solitary instance : 
it is nut necessary to visit the lobbies 
of our Theatres, or to explore the 
distres8in<^ scenes of prostitutiou which 
nightly disgrace our streets, to be 
aware of the extent of this increasing 
evil. The most public thoroughfares 
of this Metropolis exhibit, at noon- 
day, a train of infants already devoted 
to Infamy, and bearing the broad 
mark of Vice upon their countenances, 
which have not yet lost the traces of 
childhood! Let any man walk from 
the Exchange to Charing-cross, under 
the glare of the mid-day sun, and the 
slightest dej^roe oi observation will 
point out to him a multitude of vic- 
tims to early disgrace, who, in point 
of age, are hardly yet fit to be eman- 
^cipatcd from the restraints of the 

181 6i] Charters' of Cambridge.— ^ZterfnVi^ of Gravitation. 38 

Kr. UrnpAH, Jsn, 8. 

ONE of the queitionf proposed 
ID .jour last MoDtfa'fl Magazine, • 
uader X* T. is« I conceive, incor- 
rectlj put. Mr. Djer hai«aid, it it 
true, mure than once, in bit History 
of the Univenity and Colleges of 
Cambridge, that the UnitJer$ity<htir- 
ters begin under Henry III. But the 
question, as placed in your Magazine, 
amounts to tb4s: Consideriog the 
practice of giving charters is so much 
more ancient than 1229, the date of 
Hen. Ili*s Charter, is it probable 
that fio Charter was given to Cam- 
brUfge . before } A. little discrimina- 
tion oqIj i* requisite to find a solu- 
tion. . The question does not discri- 
minate between Cambridge, the town 
of Cambridge, and the University of 
Cambridge. The Town of Cambridge 
bad a Charter, bad Charters, before 
Henry 111. In the History of the Uni- 
versity and Colleges, it is shewn by 
Mr, Djfer, that both K. Henry I. and 
John (Hist, of Univ. &c. vol. I. p.: 
58) gave charters to the Town. But 
it does not therefore follow there was 
any given to the tJnivereiljf before 
the reign of Henry III. Nay, there 
wi^ a Charter given by Nigellus 
(Hist. Cam. vol. II. p. 62) (for 
Bishops gave Charters as well as 
Kings) to the Nunnery of St. Rade- 
gund's, long before it was converted 
into a College. But this, also, it a 
difiereot Ihiog from a Charter given 
to the Univer«ity. It is, indeed, re- 
peatedly hinted by the author, that 
the University Charters begin under 
Heury III; and rather broadly (though 
under the authority of some of the best 
Antiquaries both of Oxford and Cam- 
bridge) that the University Charters, 
previous to that period, are uot ge- 
nuioe. The proper question, there- 
fore, on this view of the subject, 
would be. Can any of your antiqua- 
rian readers throw any new light on 
this subject, tending to shew that the 
above-said Charters have ou them 
the marks of authenticity ? a ques^ 
tion, however, let it be observed, of 
mere curiosity, that concerns Antiqua- 
ries; for the University has ancient 
royal authentic charters enough, and 
her privileges are amply and fully 
provided for by Parliament;— so that 
questions of this kind cannot, in the 
smallest degree, affect the interest of 
that learned body. 
The other question, relating ^o 
Gemt. Mag. January ^ 1816. 

Graritation and Sir Isaac Newton, 
ma J be considered thus. Mr. Dyer, 
in his History, maintains nothing 
either for or against the doctrine of 
Gravitation. He merely takes the' 
doctrine, or rather alludes to it, as 
stated by the Newtonians, and says 
that it was not altogether unk:Dowii' 
to the ancients. He produces a few 

{>assages from ancient authors, and 
eaves the interpretation to the read-i 
ers ; and he mentions two or thre« 
moderns, of great authority, who 
have maintained, that the doctrine i 
of Gravitation was not unknown to 
the ancients. The remaining part of* 
the question. Did .any modern ad-, 
vance the doctrine, and the ratfo by 
which gravitation is said to vary, 
before Sir Isaac Newton, and who ? 
is answered by Newton himself (uC 
seorsum collezerunt etiam nostrates' 
Wrennus, Hookins, & Uallaeus. Schol.! 
to Prop. II. in Sect. I.) 

Mr. Dyer had been speaking iii' 
reference to the famous dispute about ■ 
ancient and modern learning, by Sir 
W. Temple, Dr. Wotton, Mr. Baker^ 
Dutens, and others; and it is clear 
that he does not .say any thing 
which, in the smallest degree, could 
be supposed to affect the honour or 
dispute the claim of original genius 
to Sir Isaac Newton. Wliat, indeed, 
is said on this subject (vol. I.) is quite 
the reverse, and implies that, though 
certain opinions may, imperfectly, 
float about in different ages of the 
world, yet that he who embodies 
them into systems, improves upon 
them, and accompanies thc^ni with de< 
monstrations, must be rightly con- 
sidered as the founder of them. 

In John Aubrey's Letters of Emi- , 
nent Persons, &c. (extracted frruii 
the Bndleiau MSS.) vol. 11. p. 403, 
may be seen exactly how far Hooke 
hadi carried thft doctrine, and, at the 
same time, fwm the reference above 
made to Nevftoo, that Aubrey's ihs:- 
nuation about the disfngenuousness 
of Sir Isaac, is illiberal, coarse, and 
false. A Cantab. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 3. 

OBSI1.RV1NG, in vol. LXXXV. ii. 
p. 484, an interesting account 
of an improvement on the Organ 
adopted in France, I beg to add a no- 
tice of one suggested by a couatry- 
man of our own. Mr. T. Turner, of 
Lambeth, is at present building an 


S4 ^^ Heroic Epistle to Chambcfs/'— J/r. M. Morgann. [Jan. 

ftyle of which also we coacehe to be 
oi anothier character from that which 
we hare remarkHl in the rafaojr'exhi- 
hitionii of hti poelic talent that have 
fallen ander onr vbgeNatim>. ' We 
are pentfaded, indeed, that' he wai 
fully adequate to the corti|HMitioti in 
qiiettion; and we cannot c<Hisent to> 
aifflertfor him a raiik^.jii the moral 
or the intellectual woHd, in any de- 
cree inferior to that of Matottifor 
in moral worth our' friend had no iu* 
perior, and rn all the eneiviea and 
spiendofi of intellect, tery few.' Witli 
resiiect to hti intimacy with tTi6 firat 
Marqiiit of Lanadowne, your Corre- 
fpondent is perfectly corre<ft % and the 
tricing roisiftatements of his letter, 
in T>ther particulars, may ^aery eaaily 
he rectified. For many years ofliia 
life, our fViend retided in Knigftta- 
bridge;. at first nearly pppbsfte'ta 
the Chapel, and fubaeqaenny .ia th« 
High Ho w , immediatdy fsoingStosne- 
street. He was a rare and most cMi* 
mable - man, In whom genloa waa 
Wended with benoToleaeet the fHend 
of his Country and of the human- 
race. ' Hia memory 1 fondly theriah ; 
and, i^ the dead w^re aeofiiuile of the 
conrteaiea of the living, I wbutd an- 
nually frequent his grtf?e^ and ddom 
it with roses. 
' Touts, &c. Chahjcbs STsteeira^. 

Organ which, besides otbet improve- 
ments on those in cemtnon use in 
Chorchea, &c. will be furnished with 
an expressive swell across the whole 
front, behind the diapason stop. It 
opens and shuts ai ItbUum^^w sud- 
denly or gradually as the human 
▼otce s . it cauaes a sw«It on the whole 
inatrumeivt, or on each note indivi* 
daatly. it will als« save the expense 
#fClioir Organs, u the great Organ 
will ana werooth pnrpoaef. 

AtfitiaeBt« the vom of the Orsan 
CMI Miiy be increased or diminished 
«« a araall portion of the Organ, 
while tlie ioproved swell acta on the 
whole iaitninient. Amicos. 

Mr. ITaBAlr. am. IS. 

Iir Toi. iXXKV. ii: p. 485, one of 
your Conrespondenta, under the sig- 
nature of ib R. I. is disposed to attri- 
bnta, for some very specious reasons 
which he has addncedt t4ie ^' Heroic 
Bpistie tiu Sir William Chambers,'* 
%b the pen of the late Maurice Mor- 
gann, author of an ** Essay on the 
dramatic Characler of Sir J. Fal- 
ataffi" «Qd he refers to my brother, 
Mr. Symnioni, of Paddington,. and 
myseif, as to the persons who are 
now aJone able to determine the 
question. Though we, Mr. Urban, 
(for I speak in my brotber*s name 
aud my own,) have nothing more 
than negative testimcmy feo offer on 
the occBaion^ we feel that rt would 
be wrong in -us, under the pressnre of 
Yuch A reference, to be silent, and 
thus to appear to be withholding 
from 'the publicfc infornmtion which, 
ia truth, we do not possess. Our m- 
timacy with Maurico Morgann, which 
commenced with tnir earliest years, 
continued, without the smallest in- 
terruption, to the last moment of his 
Taluabie life. During this long pe- 
riod, of certainly more than forty 
years, bis intercourse with us was of 
the most unreserved nature i and, 
from our knowledge of his character, 
and. our experience of his confidence, 
we are aatisiicd that no composition 
of any importance roold have fallen 
from his pen, without the circum- 
atance being communicated either to 
one or to the other of us. Having 
expressed this as our conviction, we 
have only to declare that, in conse- 
quence ot bis total silence on the aub- 
JL'Ct, we feci assured of hfi not haTiug 
vsrtltau the '<^Ueffoi« Kpiatfer tba 

Mr. IJaBAif, Jff. A. /tfir. 19* 

THE perusal of the address of 
•your Cx>r respondent "Alfred," 
vol. LKXX^F. i. p. ISO, caused me to 
write to you on the 30th' April, hi 
the same year, on the fubject of the 
book called «<The Doctor and Stu- 
dent," (mentioned by Alfred,) to give 
you a diapter therefrom, and to r^ 
quest the assistance of some of your 
l^meJland ingeniooa Readers for an 
explanation of the term **5l»tf#rtfals.** 
This communicatioljof mine, either 
being judged unworthy of {naOftion, 
or delay ^ thus long tbfough prea- 
aure of more valuable matter, baa 
given me this opportunity of more, 
correctly iuformmg Alfred, that in 
Berbert'a edition of Amca^s Typo- 
graphical Antiquities, (tit. ** Hoberi 
f^Jftr;' page 370,) it ia atated, that 
the /rsi Dialogue alone was printed 
in Lutin (15«6), by John KaatelU 
and that ^, Germain waa allowedly 
the author. 

I ahall now beg leave to recur to 
tba feueral purport of my fmtier 


1816.] <« The Doctor md jairff«/.'*HStad«fwi ? ,85 

>4dreii.. by aUliag that 1 baie, nnt jpyoeth the bcgynnjrnfe of ihe icconde 

/iM copiM of << Tibe DocUmt and Slu- 
deati" the «m mwM. ^ Wigbt, m 
1604, (m'Mfftffs y«arf irar/»tr Hun 
Ibal of. AlCrtd't,) and ika othar, 
f rfatod by the aboTe*iiiaiiliooadl Hp^ 
keH Wjfcrt ia* jor pri^r io, .the year 
l&Sl (Qiaeljr»lw9 vaart, mi iks l4m9ii 
€9T\Ur Uutt Alfrtd'i l¥>ob). 

Tha UiU of my aUUttt copy U laatt 
but it U ia olbar tcapecU ^iiite . per> 
fecti aod €*aeiiif carratponaa io iba 
Mffticalar daacrtptioa Iberaof by Har* 
Dart» IB hiai account of Eobari Wjer'a 
baoka w($ko9l daUt paffe S79. 

My book baa the *' sectmde Dj^a* 
WiMEt** priafced by Peter TreverU, in 
1531, (perfect^) aad4ilto the «<^</e/ 
TrjuiiiBe CMUed Tke A ewe AiMdonM^" 
printed by Berikelet io 1 53 1, men- 
Uoaed by Herbert, page 419, (alao 
parfect), bound up with it. 

They aura aU jointed in a aoiAll 60- 

tbyn^es to the lastc of the fynte 
tbynffef| for Aun^ell is of a oatura to 
Vkident'andr without sejpcbyn^e of rea* 
son : ^nd to fbat A'aturj^Maui is joyned 
by Sinderesis ; the whtcb Sindferesis nuiya 
n<n hollve b« cxtyncfed neyther in man 
ae yet in dampned soufet. Bnt never 
theles^ tti to the use and aieerkjsethetia* 
of, it aiaye be lette for » tytAa 4^/^HDKr 
throughe the darkenesie of ygnon Sa ea, 
or for undytcfete deleetaoyon, orlbr th<^ 
bardnts of obatyaaeyai ^riate-^ tha 
darkenet of ypM>rannce--«8mdBiaalamay 
he lette* that. U ahall not mnraaire 
ageyoat eiMfUt bycmuse he bjrleuyth euirll 
to be good; a» it ia in henrtykea, tha 
whiche when they dye . (or the yrytfa^ 
nes of tbeyr erroure, bvleoe that tb^ 
dye for the Terye trouth of the finthe. 
And by undysc^e deleetacyop, Swode- 
reais is somtyme so euMayde that re- 
morce or grudge of Conacyence for the 
tyme ean bane no place. For the iMn^ 
nee of obstynaeye Sindeicaie it also ink. 

thic type (the " lytlcH Trealiae" of |i,at it maye not styrre to goodnea, aa h 

Barthelet . being amailer . than tha 
other two,) very much reaembliag 
Caxton'a type,.No. 4. [Vide DUidin, 
iPlate IX.] 

I abali not a;g-aia trouble you with 
quotatlopa from the Prologue and 
lotrodaction to the VSecuiule Dja- 
Jogne," (contained in my former ad- 

is in dampned soulea that bi^ so obaty» 
oate in euyll, that -they maye neo4rr 
be enclyned to good. Ana thooghe Sia^ 
deresis may be sayd to that poynt ea- 
tyncte in dampned soules : yet it m^ 
not be sayd that it is fully 
all intentesj for they alwaye murmure 
agoYDSt the ^liyll of the payne that they 
sum'e for syntie. And so it maye not 

dreas,) to prove, by inference^ what *.-,..,.,. n - j . 

1 »»„ fi»j^..^^^lo7« «.^«..i>.^ k» u-.. he sayde that it is vnyuersally, and to 

1 now find «P7"^^ awr/eJ by Her. ,„ .^^ ^^^ ^^ arf tymes extyncte. 

bert ; viz. that the ^ivU Dia oguc te^s And this t?inderesis is the^begynoyiiffe of 

printed in Latin; but shall proceed 
to obaerve» that the felhwinfc ejr* 
irud^ being chapter 13 of the first 
Dialogue* is preceded by a question 
fd the end of the 12th chapter, aa to 
the Jiature aud quality of C§n8cieiue9 
and by a repiy, in theae words : 

**To the intent that thou mayst the 

all thynges that may be lemyd by spe- 
culac}'on or studye. And mynystrcth 
the generall gruundes and pryncyplei 
thereof. And also of all thynges that 
ere to be done by man. An example of 
suche thynges as may be lerayd by 
specuiacyon appereth thus : Sjndefesia 
^aythe that euery hole thynge is more 

better undentand, th.t I sb.ll save of ^''"".f"? ?"* P*-"« "' lh« saipe thyng», 

0»mqt«ue, I AM fynte .hewe the J""^ *»' '» « ?"« K"'""^e that neuer 

what ^SiilAr«« is, and then «hat ««.. f?y'5*'- And an example of thyD««» 
son is, ai>d then wjiiat Qnuc^ence is, and 

bowe tliese ihre dyffer amonge thern^ 
selfe I shall somwbat toucbe«" 

- Now followa an exact copy of 
chapter 13: 

<< What Sindenesis is. 

" The XIII Chapytre. 

** JOocitmr^. — Sinderesis is a uaturall 
power of the SQule sette in the hygbest 
parte thereof, niouynge and sterryugt; it 
to ^od, and abhorrynge euyll. And 
therefore Sinderesis neuer synneth nor 
erryth.. Arid 'this Sinderesis our Lorde 
put in roan to the intent that the ordre 
•f thyiigea shuM be />bseruyed. Pur, 
after Saynt DaoBy«e> the wyidom- ef God 

that are to be done, or not to be done* 
is, where Sinderesis saytb : no euyll is 
to be done : but that goodnes is to be 
done and folowed, and euyll to be fleddej^ 
and suche other. And therefore Sinde- 
resis is called by some me', the Law of 
Reason, for it mynystreth the pryncyplet 
of the lawe of reason, the whiche be ill 
euery man by nature, in that he is a 
reasonable creature." 

As I am totally unable, by referenca 
to any Oavis, Lexicon, Dictionary, 
or other book in my possession, to 
ascertain the etymology or meaning 
of the word ** Simieresit^** and ana 
unable besides to understand my Au> 
thor, I f hall ba obliged to ^^j ot your 



Poems of Roger Boyle, Earl of Orrery. [Jan. 

belter- informed Corretpondents for 
an explanation — not only of thetoori/, 
but alfo for a paraphrase or inter- 
pretation of the whole Chapter. 

I hope your numerouf adniireri 
'Will now excuse niy entering upon 
Another subject connected with the 
Literature of England and Ireland, 
because it will at least rectify an 
error^ if it does not add much to 
the poetic treasures of the United 

In Rees*s Cyelopgedia, vol.V. part I , 
in the Life of Roger Boyle (Earl of 
Orrery), it is stated (towards the con- 
clusion) that *' as a statesman and sol- 
dier the Earl of Orrery appeared with 
lingular adyantage ; but, though he 
was ambitious of obtaining the re- 
putation of a writer f and published a 
^reat number of works in prose/ and 
verse^ Tragedy, Comedy, and Ro- 
mance, &c. none of them have escaped 

Now, Mr. Urban, I happen to have 
in my possession a folio volume of 
the EarPs Poems on most of the Fes- 
tivals of the Church, ^ printed [at 
Dublin, I suppose,] for Henry Her- 
ringman, at the Anchor, in the Lower 
Wxilk of the New Exchauge, 1681." 
It appears by sl Postscript to the work, 
that the Poems were to have com- 
prised six subjects more than are 
printed in the present volume i that 
js to say, for St. Barnabas, St. Michael, 
and All Saints ; 29th May, 23d Octo- 
ber, and 5th November ; *< but that 
it pleased God to call him to an happy 
rest from these as well as all other 
labours, before he could /ms/i what 
he further intended in this kind.'* He 
died in October 1679. The Poems 
were twenty-eight in number; but 
three of ibeni (on the Nativity, Cir- 
cumcision, and Epiphan),) are want- 
ing in this copy, by the loss of sheet 
B. There is a Preface of four pages 
by the Noble Author, and the follow- 
ing Dedication : 

"The Depication 
'* To my Mother the Church of Christ in 


** Hail, sacred Mother ! O do not refuse 
The-ie the Jirst fruits of my converted 

Muj-e; [has trod, 

A Muse, which in vain paths too long 

And now do's consecrate herself to God. 

This change, O Muse, roost happy is 

for thee— 
Mount Sion now fthall thy Parnassus be^ 

Thou' never ylet coiild'st soar to fbcfa a 

height [thy flight : 

As that from whence tbou now tiegin'st 

The spires of airy Verse dime not so bigb 

As to the feet of Sacred Poetry. , 

Mother, vouchsafe. my influence to be^ 

Now I, thy Prodigal, return to thfee." 

If the assertion in the Cyclopaedia 
(above quoted) was suppoied to be 
correct, this book of tnme it a trea- 
sure. I shall, however, have great 
fdeasure in transcribing for your va- 
uable Miscellany i or for the Author 
of Restituta; or for any- other de- 
serving inquirer; any of the Poems 
contained in this apparently scarce 
book. ImvxstIoator* 

Mr.URBAH, Tavistoeh^laet, 

Jan. 15, 

AT the end of Le Neve's " LH>t$^ 
SSc. of the Protestant Buhaps^'T 
8fvo. 1720, the Author announces the 
publication of a Second Volume of 
that work, and says that it will am* 
tain the Lives of the following ** Bi- 
shops of Winchester : « Robert Horo^ 
John Watson, Thomas Cooper, Wbk 
Wickham, Wra. Day, Thomas Bilson. 
James Montague, Lancelot Andrews^ 
Walter Curie, Brian Duppa* George 
Moriey, and Peter Mews." As I do 
not learn that this volume was ever 
printed, it is probable that the Au- 
thor's collections for it may be pre- 
served in some Library. I shall be 
obliged to any of your Correspond- 
ents for information on this subjectf 
as well as for any facts relating to the 
Author. His ** Fasti Ecclesio! Ang* 
licanee'* is a truly useful work % of 
which he promised a . continuation 
after 1 7 1 5-6. 1 am also very desirous 
of ascertaining if he left any consN 
derable materials on this subject i at 
I have made large additions and cop^ 
rections to my copy, and may be in- 
duced to reprint an improved edition 
of the work at a future period. 

, fieing on the subject of Eccleaiat* 
tical matters, I beg you will allow me 
to apprize your Readers and Corre* 
spondents, that the first portion of 
my •* History and Antiquities of^vr- 
wich Cathedral** will be put to press 
at the end of January ; and that I iD^ 
tend to give the History of the See 
and Church, in a continued and con- 
nected narrative. This will consti- 
tute the first part of the volume | 
whilst the second part, or section^ 
will be devoted to an Architectural 


eoinlU bf te monomiMito, ftc. A tliird 
ud coDcluding dirt will' emMraoi 
VUieKiplifnT^ ailieea'i^ of the Bi- 
ibopt'mod IfiMt. ICe^ will folio w a 
'hmVogrA^iai CaUlo^ve of 3ooki 
tdd Bila^s rdaliiig lo the See and 
'GlktttHt, witti^ Ibt' of PortraRf and 
FMtt. - Itt tdj a^oot bf Salinborj 
Ctthedria, liMy fidtth^d, I was io- 
'tfticed to fmti a nttiilar CaUloj^ae, at 
i^ ata menoleeiiAt Hst of BiAiopt» 
•1>eaHl, ' ftc^ ifm liaihiip prepared 
theiD for by 'own priTafe aie, from a 
ybtiftaiiti»ti tliitt thgr woaM te foond 
•ifniAg iuid f talifying to many €ot- 
kfttdfi; 'It giiet me moth pleaMire 
•to fa^» thai sererld corretpoudeots 
iiay^'feftlted' their approbation of 
-&ts novel appendage. 
* The Hiirbiy of lyorwich Cathedral 
'will'oftiiiittt^ten lAieeM of (etter-preflt , 
•aii titeot^-fotir eiieraTingt, Ulu§- 
tratittf' of the Arehitehure of the 
<;ilMeir, and of tfif^ tw6 fine Gate- 
-hoofte'td'the'Cloie. I hope |o com- 
piefe tfowfa^leih Jurde next, when 


No. tcriu 

.■ i ■ 

Pr^grcH ^JrMi0timM In SmglmU 

' (CMiMiied)kom <^r laltfVol. p,49i.> 

BLBNHBIM-HOUSB, Oafordiliioab 
—Who that coat^mpUub tbii 
trophy« raiie^pncooqueftt obtained 
by the magnaniiiiona JiarUioroqgh h# 
the hegioniog of the eigbtecnib,C^n* 
' tory, to liberate particular porlioni 
of the Continent*^ bat nvit feel <all 
that booeat piide mbei^t in anSng* 
lith breait, when greatoetp pf- mind 
and coniammale generalahip won the 
' cauie for triumph and for joy ? Onr 
thoughts thus employed, wn natnrallj 
turn to the commnnceraent of ion 
preteni Century, fall of gloriea, 4>f 
marYeUouf events, of watrubedonds* 
transcending far all . i^nier stonf » 
boib in the blaze of Woic acbte¥e- 
ments, and important results depend* 
ant tberennto, in bringing Peace and 
kgitimate Sovereignty to suffefing 
Ntftions. If Blenheim prodpced ila 

alSo%ill ap(>ear the firit Nnniber of 'mjghty victor, what has Waterloo 
^Tlte'gfmiff dni Anti^fiOtieaiif Pnn- brought forth? Hail, «* illnstriona 
XbWffT^nrrtfrifhfff ** ' To this tmiy in« 'WAilmfftAnf"«tA*AftmAn.M>ldier.frieiid. 
terestiiig Church, and. its ifnpbrtant 
'sepcikhral miri^mieots, it is- intended 

to appropriate SO Engravings, from 
drawings by Mr. B. Blore. Most of 
tbeiB aire already executed, and it is 
but justice to that ingenious Artist to 
isi^ that they are peculiarly accurate 
and tasteful. In the Histories of 
Dnrhilm and Hertfordshire, on the 
eve of publication, will be several ex- 
quisite engravings from this Gentle- 
inan's drawings : and it is confidently 
boped that these works will excite 
emulation in the Authors of other 
County Histories. My-esteemed friend, 
:Mr. Baker, of Northampton, I am 
persuaded, will produce a valuable 
^ork'On his County, aud will call in 
the aid of sdme of our best Artists. 
•Mtj E. Bloi'e has very kindly offered 
•him the use of some very curious 
and interesting drawings. J.Britton. 

*j^* A Septuagenarian has our best 
4hanks.: We are much obliged by bis 
jefesenee to the note on the Rev. John 
^OKBS, and for the Letter which he has 
sent, fihfch is highly prised by A Bro- 

IBplt SBPTUAOnNARlAN ; tO whuQl the 

flMpUDOiiicatitMi of the other Letters of 
JK>mM (or of any ef.Bp.WABBURTon) 
WbfbifhbcraUfyinir- TbeOnginaU 
liili It 's3l$3«i/ returned. 

protector ! Depending on thy ptywi^- 
tul hand, l^iogs rest secure, and sub* 
jects find repose. And when the hour 
of return, of permanent return, ar- 
rives for Waterloo*s Prince to meet 
his rejoicing Countrymen in this our 
happy land, let their unrestrained 
congratulations lead him to auother 
stupendous pile, another elevation of 
architectural pomp, to crown hit 
deeds, and own hi in master to latest 
time,-— the palace of Wellington and 
Waterloo 1 

Before we enter on the actual sup- 
vey of Blenheim, it will be first expe- 
dient to particularize the plans and 
elevati<ins published in the Vilruviufl 
Britannicus by C. Campbell, who in- 
troduces them in this manner : ^^ This 
noble fabrick is the seat of his Grace 
the Duke of Marlborough, in Oxford- 
shire. In this colleclioQ 1 present the 
curious with all the plans and eleva- 
tions, by the particuUr direction vof 
Sir J. Vanbrugh, who gave the do- 
signs of this magniiicerit Palace, 
llere I am at a^ lo^ui how to express 
my obligations to this worthy gentle- 
man, for promoting my labc^ur, in 
most generously assisting n^e with his 
original dc awings, gad most carefully 
correcting all the plates^ as ihey ad- 


58 Architectural Description qf Blenheim House. [Jan^ 

Tanced. It wa8buiUinl715*.V Two 
plates of the House (in part copied 
from the above), published by Bowles 
about 50 years ago, are also consulted. 
Plate I. General plan : extent, 850 
feet; formed in a great court, cen- 
trical ; wings for oiijces left and right, 
and in continuation of great court, 
the main, or state allotment of tbe 
building itself. This display gives 
* the masonic ** three in one," bound 
together by said great court, the en- 
trance into which is from its great 
gate, West, with a double colonnade 
upon the great terrace, squaring tbe 
great court in' its four several sides. 
On the left, the kitchen court, encom- 
passed with tbe kitchen, comn^n hafl, 
bake-house, landry, inferior courts, 
little portico, green-houfle, water-cis- 
terns, &c. On the right, the chapel, 
fftable-court, encompassed with sta- 
bles, cuach-houses, inferior courts, 
green-house,water-cisterns,&c. From 
these ofiSces are colonnades leading to 
tbe principal floor of the House. 

Plate II. Ground plan of .the 
house, which comprehends an oblong, 
lengthened out on the two extremities 
towards the great court by sweeping 
augmentation* of walls , tbe whole 
laid down in five divisions of official 
apartments, &c. First division : cen- 
trical ; cellar under the great ball ; 
vaults under the portico and salon. 
The other divisions contain the wine- 
cellars, little stone halls, corridores, 
vaulted areas, and arcades round 
them, stone gallery, pantry, stove to 
the bagnio, still house, chaplain*s ball, 
steward's hall, servants' hall, hot and 
cold baths, cool dining-room, bed- 
Jthamber to the bagnio, stairs, &c. • 

Plate III. Plan of the princi'- 
pal floor of the House : it rises on 
the same disposure of lines at tbe 
ground ditto \ first division, cen- 
trical ; great hall, portico, and 
«alon. Left, two divisions ; anti- 
chamber, drawing-room, great bed- 
•^hamber, grand cabinet, vestibule, 
anti- chamber, other bed-chambers^ 
•wardrobe, and closet. Right, two 
divinions; great gallery, vaulted cor- 
ridores little (or internal) courts, lit- 
tle dining-rooii), with, on each side, 
centre division, lesser closets, drets- 
fng rooms, little apartments, little anti 

* Queen Anne died in 1714 : therefore 
the above date sigpiilies when it was en- 
tirely completed. 

or waiting roonoLf , f^rand f tain oo oadi 
side the hall, and in a variety of othef 

Of the elevation!, it is regretted 
that the plates give ii» rq^reseal- 
atioBs of the grand gate of «•• 
trance on the terrace, or its double 
colonnade, or of the wiogSn^xcept tlie 
kitchen, leflt, and tbe Chapel, rii^bi; 
they are^ of course, similar in desin, 
of three divisions, two stories i wim- 
dows in flrsi ditto, cirenlar-lieadedy 
with dado.compartmeots i second do. 
square-beaded; breaks at tbe es« 
tremities of the divisions rusticmiedi 
centre division^ a pediment cootaioial^ 
shields and palm-bra ncbes i parapet 
with balusters. Qv« centre division, 
a superb combination of pilasters, cir- 
cular pediments, vases, and a termi- 
nating ball. It is not decidedly ma- 
nifest whether this object presenls 
one of Sir John's excellent ezpedienti 
to mask his chimneys, or u to-be 
considered a mere architectural deco> 
ration ; but our actual survey, in* 
tended to take place this SpruEi|f, of 
the whole pile, will detenniae every 
seeming dilBculty in tbe present ^n^ 
cidation of Campbeirs and BowUm^iS 

Plate ly. Coming to tbe roainfronl 
of the House, it is found to be most m»- 
jestically designed, and wellcakokted 
to express a Nation*s idea of military 
triumphs, serving as a stimoius Un 
raise up future heroes, in eipeotatid* 
of receiving tlie like reward, in tbe 
centre of the five divisions of tbe 
Honse is the hall ; a flight of stepe 
with pedestals conduct to tbe portioe 
with Corinthian columns and pilastersi 
double height of doors and windowSv 
a pediment inclosing armorial bear^ 
ings ! an attic story takes place, bav» 
ing breaks, windows,- and pediment: 
-on this latter decoration, tiers of baUs 
with foliage, &c. The secoud.divi* 
sions, left and right, are nn out in 
line by Corinthian pilasters, circqlar- 
headed windows,&c. in two stories, en^ 
tablature, and balustrade : tbesweepi* 
ing augmentations are in two storiesi 
first ditto, Doric columns; ciroalar 
and square-headed windows, eatabla-^ 
tore, and balustrade. Tbe third dtin* 
sions, left and right, advance eonsi* 
derably by means of the sweepmjf 
auginentationsi; two stories, grounn 
rusticated, windows circular-beaded; 
entablature, tbe frieze baa a series of 
KroUs. Here the* cbimneyi^ aa at- 


1S^16, ] The BuHiing « Temple^ or Palace ^Arts^ suggested. %^ 

liekt, are iiio«l mifofM^ly introdtioed, 
b oB« great pedetUi with «peB archei, 
piUtteri, parapet, and bail-omanMnt- 
ed iiiMthingf. TIm wiodowB to the 
gmuid Mory arecireoiar. The tt* 
neral tertaoe, with its teveral fligitt 
of etapf, tkled by pedestak and fasei, 
aCbfd a fiae ia trod action ta the ele- 
aatloiie. On the introductory colon- 
nade from the wingi to the House are 
lEMet and miytary trophies i trophies 
alto att pedeftftls of portico ; ftatoes 
on th« entablature of first story of 
ssreefMBf^ augnieBtationsv as are like- 
viHToa second pediment and baius- 
Ipde of eeiitre dvf ision. 

Ah AacaiTBCT. 
(The wiker firmth to tmr next.) 

Illli Uesah, Bond'StreetrJan. 12. 
bEQ to ofkr a few obserTatioas 
on the present important crisis for 
Ibe «c«flipilete advancement of the 
WHe Arts in Great Britain, and for 
building a Temple or Palace of Arts. 
- At lbi»pro«d>era, whea the steady 
valonr and per s e v ering energies of 
fireat Britain have sustained toe tot- 
tering fsundations of States and Em- 
p i nesj and in restoring peace, order, 
nnd confidence to the civilized World, 
etamped her fame in arms, wis- 
i and diplomatic skill ; no longer 
it be said the Mnses have no abode 
wttb lit; no longer let us hear we 
have no Sstablishment suitable for 
their reception -* but let the public 
aKinifioeoce now completely establish 
anr triumph of excelience, both in 
tbe-possenion and execution of the 
Fine Arts; and prove to the sor- 
rounding Nations, that our Native 
talent need not blush when placed in 
ceoipetitton irith the finest perform- 
aneei of the Old School, and make 
thsnt nagnanimons display of the ce- 
lebrated works which we now possess. 
What can so eminently tend to the 
eonsumraation of our greatness as 
the esection of a Palace dedicated to 
ihe Pine Arts? What is wanted to 
oomplete it but such a grand and 
national edifice ?- To consider it in a 
ptrfitical point of view, it is impossi- 
ble to overlook the importance of 
sneh an 'Establishment. A neigb- 
boortag Sation has proved the value 
of eadi an institution, by the multi- 
tAto dnwn to ft from all parts of 
tlm world I and the hundred thou- 
n jear thereby caused t^ be ex- 
^ tn Ht tfcinity, are 't?tkanswer> 

able arguments In its favour. 

The> means to carry such a pli 
into execution would be, in the first 
place, Regeneif Patronmge; volun* 
tary contributions; the aid of the 
numerous patriotic subscriptions in 
erectHig all their intended works, to 
celebrate the victories of our arms 
by land and sea, at that point; or^ 
other aid as may be thought bestt 
and indeed the assistance of ParHa- 
ment, for such a purpose, might be 

The most desirable spot for the 
building would be as a wing to tho 
intended Palace. The site of St. 
Jaravs^s Palace, with a grand trium- 
phal archway fronting the bottom of 
St. James's- street, as a splendtd en- 
trance to the parks, woold be yetj 
desirable. Or the situation of the 
King's Mews, Charing Cross. The^ 
end of the new Regencv Street, ia 
the Regency Park, would be orna- 
mental to the town; bnt the most 
convenient spot would be near to ihe 

The recent agitated state of the 
Continent has thrown a greater por- 
tion of the celebrated works of th& 
Old Masters into our possession, tbaa 
any one Kingdom or Empire in Eu- 
rope can now boast of. And in sucl^ 
a Palace as is here proposed, these 
sublime productions might be exhi- 
bited to advantage, and not only im-r 
prove the artist of the day, but mar 
terialty assist and elevate the public- 
taste, and contribute to the abolitioa> 
of a national prejudice, which is ch^ 
racterized hy an undue attachment to 
foreign institutions and foreign ^rlists^. 

A great collection of the first-rate 
pictures might be obtained for such 
a purpose, either by loao for a stated 
period, to be delivered on demand,, 
or as donations and bequests, as best 
suited the intentions of patriotic indi- 
viduals. Had such an Institution be- 
fore existed, many of our celebrated 
connoisseurs would have gladly availed 
themselves of so excellent an oppor- 
tunity to add their collection to the- 
national good. Recently, Sir Francis 
Bourgeois, R. A. would, in all pro- 
bability, not have given the admirers 
and students of the Arts the trouble 
to travel as far as Dulwich College, 
to be ^ratified with a view of. that 
admiraole collection. 

A Palace of Arts in the centre of 
London, free of access^ would bo an. 


40 Respect to the Dead. And wky. [Jan^ 


incalculable benefit, aa h dispenser of deceased might be coaTejed by qqid- 

taste, and an excitement of mental hers to be committed to the Ocean, 

excellence to all classes of the com- or disposed of in any other roaoDer 

rouuitj; and that, indeed, in a very whatsoever i certain it is, that neither 

short period, no gentleman of £u- the spirit, which has returned to God» 

rope could give eclat to the finish of nor tnose dead bones, which are re* 

his education who had not visited the moved to the sepulchre of our fathers, 

Brilifth Ca)iital. These few ideas are would be subject to any difference of. 

briefly submitted for consideration, sensation. The fire in one instance,' 

in the hope that the subject will be or the devouring shark in the second, 

taken up by those competent to form or the worm, in the third ca»e,' which 

a plan to consummate our National sweetly feeds within the tomb of the; 

greatness, £• 0. dead, would affect no one who is gondi 

■ down to the chambers of Death. Itt 

Quid veruro, atque decens euro et rogo, is to the living that every sensation Of 

ct omnis in hoc sum. exquisite feeling upon these sad oc»< 

'< Let all things be done decently, apd in casions must apply t and, according 

order.*' to the sensibility of their nerves, affect 

Mr.URBAN, Mary'le-b(meyJanA2. them in difi'erent ways. Poverty and 

WITHIN the memory of man. Distress carry not with them.tfant 

the Parish of which lam an stupefaction, which renders the poor 

inhabitant, has grown from an insig- and needy insensible, or indifferent, in 

nificant village to a gigantic size. v?hat manner their last remains niajr 

Like an animal overgrown, it is un- be dispos^ of. Many of them U9 

wieldy in ail its members. Should go extremely attentive and alive M 

any one be disposed to controvert the the last rites and ceremonies at. the 

truth of this assertion, prejudiced in Grave, as to create much. uneasinest 

favour of its greatness, at the expence preceding their mortal dissolution- r 

of every thing in v»hich the general and some have carried it to that ex- 

interest ot this extensive population cess, as to bear with resignation and 

is concerned, let him fairly and can- resolution the pressing necessities .of 

didly consult Mr. Yates*; to whom ^aot in sickness, rather than to in*, 

we, as Parishioners, and the com- croach upon the little sam which Jiiey. 

inunity at large, stand much indebted had reserved in store for the decency 

for his very interesting publication. of interment. Bearing this in mhid,- 

But, Sir, that I may confine myself who can behold the dark machine 

to the immediate subject of this ad- moving from the walls of the Infir-- 

dress — that of Respect to the Dead, mary with the bodies of the dead,! 

let me bring forward to the notice of without some revolting tbought;at so 

those who are principally concerned, heterogeneous a funeral procession? 
whether Minister, ChurchvFardens, or in a Parish like this, where itf 

Guardians of the Poor, the indecorous greatness and grandeur is the pride, 

and unbecoming manner in which the both of Priest and People,why should 

dead bodies uf the Poor are conveyed Uie living be constantly put to dii-, 

from the woikhouse, or from the in- tress from this visible want of respect, 

firmary, to St. John's Wood Burial- to the dead ? Why should not a de* 

ground. That the funeral service is cent hearse be provided for this pur- 

duly performed, as it ought to be, poge, when we are lavishing our 

the respectable character of Mr. Bel- riches, as if they were pebbles on. the. 

four admits not of a shadow of doubt, seashore, in pulling down steeples. 

With relation to the inanimate and in erecting others more sightly, 

corpse of any one individual, rich or niore costly, and more magnificent? 

poor, it is of no moment, whether it Of this lavish expenditure, which haf 

might Le redmed to ashes by fire,; swallowed up already some thousand* 

and were it not for the sake of the ^f pounds, a hundredth part of the 

living, it would be a very seasonable expensive decorations and ornameuU 

and effectual mode of providiiuf lor ©f a single column would provide a. 

the want of space in the d'tfertnt handsome substitute, in the .room of 

burial-grounds of this over-sized Pa- the filthy cart, whM?h is only ftt to 

riih; or, whether the bodies of ihe convev the fckim "of slaughtered ani^ 

* ** Church in ^emgef" see volume mala from the shambles or a market.^ 
LX^V. ii. 44. 144. Tax Pooe MAN'i:FakBiiD. '. 



1. A Vif9U99 H Abyminia, mnd TrmMtU 
tal» iht JhU€ri0r if that Ctunirff, txe- 
tmiedirndfrihe Orders df ike British 
Govemtnent, in the yemra 1809 €Md 
1810» tit wUch are included an Jo- 
emaU of the Portuguese Settlements 
<M the East Coast of Africa, visited in 
the course of the Voyage, A concise 
Narrative qf late Events in Arabia 
FeHxy and some particulars respecting 
ike Ahotiginal AfncsLTi JVibes extend^ 
tngfrom Mosatebique to tke Borders of 
tl^pt, together with Vocahularies tf 
tkeir respeetiife Languages/ illustrated 
wUh a Map of Abyssinia, numerous 
Engrtnmgs and Charts^ By Henry 

. Salt, Esq. F. R. S, 4to. Rivlu^onB, 

IT it 10 the knowledge of all our 
Readers, that not the least in- 
teretttog part of Lord Yalentia's Tra- 
Tdi to the East, the Red Sea, Abys- 
sinia, and Egypt, is the narrative of 
^ Mr. Salt's expedition to the Ras from 
the bay of Maasowa, ipelt in most of 
the maps Massiua. On the* return 
of the noble Lord to this country, his 
re p r esc Dtationi of the expediency of 
keeping up the means of comniuni- 
cation with this sovereign, and of 
the favourable effects vvhich such a 
communication might eventualiy have 
on our commercial speculations in 
the Red Sea, induced Govern- 
ment to send a specific mission to 
accomplish these purposes. Mr. Salt 
was fixed upon as the ambassador; 
and no more suitable person could 
possibly have been found, as he pos- 
sessed a mind well stored with gene- 
ral knowledge, a personal acquaint- 
ance with the place and its inhabit- 
ants, experience of dangerous enter- 
prise, and the greatest firmness and 
intrepidity of character^ 

He has here laid before the poblick 
a detailed account of his expedition ; 
and it will be found to contain an 
abundant store, both of information 
and entertainment. It is indeed one 
of the most interesting and curious 
volumes which modern times have 
produced. It moreover contains a 
grealdeal of original matter, and more 
pirticfilarly in that portion which 
dctcribea the African coast, from 
Moiamlii^ve to Cape Delgado, con- 
stilatJBC the Portuguese settlements 
M the Baslef n coast of Africa. 
Onrr. Mao. January ^ 1816. 


The following is a brief outline of 
the course be pursued, and the placet 
he visited. 

He first proceeded to Madeira, aod 
thence to the Cape of Good Hope. At 
this place the traveller specinea ▼»- 
rious improvements introduced Into 
that settlement by the' English. On 
his arrival at Mosarobique, he care- 
fully examined the scenery in its 
vicinity, and made different excur- 
sions by sea. The description of the 
manners of the Portuguese planters 
is curious and entertaining; but 
Mr. Salt also enters into a minute ac- 
count of the Mosamblque settlements 
from a very early period. These are 
the subjects of the secoud chapter, 
^hich further describes the pirates 
of Madagascar, a most ferocious set 
of people, aod the present state of the 
Portuguese, which is represented at 
decreasing in vigour and importance* 
This change of circumstances is im- 
puted by the Author in a great de- 
gree to the abolition of the Slava 
Trade by the English. 

The voyage along the coast from 
Mosdmbique to the Red Sea is suc- 
cinctly given in a nautical journal at 
far as Aden. The ])rincipal place 
seems to have been the island of Zan- 
zebar, the people of which are go- 
verned by a Sticik, aod are Mahome- 
tans of Arab extraction. Mr. Salt 
upon many uccasioiis controverts the 
statements of Bruce, and particularly 
With respect to ^hat that travellec 
has said on the probability that Sofala 
was the Ophir of Solomon. 

Aden is well described at p. 106 el 
seq, where Mr. Salt was informed that 
Captain Rudland, his former fellow- 
traveller to Abyssinia, was stationed 
al Mocha as agent to the East Indi^ 
Company, ^s time permitted, the 
Author made an excursion toLahadj^ 
the capital of the country. It should 
he observed, that no descrtptioa 
of this place is to be found in any 
modern book of travels ; and con- 
sequently this part of the volume will 
be found to excite peculiar interest^ 
as it certainly will communicate great 

The incidents relating to Mocha, 
the ravages of the Wahabee, and 
many incidents relating to Arabia, 
are vigorously and perspicuously 



Review of Near Publications. 


written; sec pp. 121, &ov The iofa- 
inous conduct of the Nayib of Mas- 
gouab, on the former visit of -Mr^ Salt 
to that place, is circumstantially de- 
tailed in Lord Valentia*s third vo- 
lume. The same conduct was re- 
peated with every aggravating cir- 
cumstance on the occasion oi Mr. 
Salt's second visit. 

Aware of the perfidy, avarice, and 
cruelty, which he might have to en- 
counter from the Na^tb, the travel- 
ler had intended to prosecute his jour- 
ney to Abyssinia by the way of Am- 
phila, from whicli place he inge- 
niously contrived to forward letters 
to the Ras Welled Selasse. But he 
here received intelligence from 
Pearce, whom he had left behind in 
Abyssinia, engaging to meet him in 
8 given time at Massowa; to this 
place therefore he determined to pro- 
ceed. A large space is given in this 
portion of the work, to a descrip- 
tion of theBaj of Amphila, which is 
interesting in itself, and must necessa- 
rily be ofgreat importance to future 
navigators in the lied Se&. On Mr. 
Salrs arrival at Massouah, he was de- 
lighted to find his old fellow-traveller 
Pearce, whose person, language, and 
manners, were but little changed. 
With him, accompanied by the reti- 
nue sent along with him by the Ras, 
the travellers proceeded, nrst to Ar- 
keeko, and thence from the coast to 
Chelicut, the residence of the Ras. 
It ought not to be omitted, that this 
journey was not accomplished with- 
out many dangers aud difiiculties, 
from the rapacity, rudeness, and bar- 
barity of the tribes through whose 
districts the party were to pass. 

We are now arrived at the Eighth 
Chapter, and every Reader will be 
mucn pleased with its contents, of 
which Mr. Pearce's narrative of the 
circumstancc.4 which took place in 
Abyssinia dnring bis residence in tl^at 
country is not the lea^t interesting 
portion. We have next a sketch of 
the prince (the Ras), his manners, 
character, and amusements : this is 
ifollowed by some important infor. 
anation obtained by Mr. Salt concern- 
ing Bruce, which he obtained from a 
learned Abyssinian of the uame of 
Dofter Esther. This person re- 
sided at Gundar at the same time 
with Bruce, and frequently visited him. 
His account of our countryman is 
generally fav«urart>le i all thai Bruco 

relates of himself^ as beieg in high 
estimation at Gondar, as having cur- 
ed the child of Ras Michael aocfEy to 
Corfu of the small-pox, that hie'wat 
admired for his skill in horsemanship^ 
with many other such particulars, ia 
nnquestionably true. It is, howerer, 
denied that he ever received any go- 
vernment at all, and that positivelj 
be never was Governor of Ras el 
Feel, the district where the source 
of the Nile exists; neither was Briic» 
present at the battles of Sebrazos; nor 
is his account of the '* Living Feast" 
at all to be depended upon s but it if 
most certain that Balugani attended 
bim in his expedition to the source 
of the Mile, though Bruce studiously 
conceals the fact. Other inconsisten- 
cies and inaccuracies of the Abyssi- 
nian traveller are pointed outy and it is 
seriously to be lamented, that vanitj 
should mduce so distinguished a cha- 
racter to deviate from sincerity* and 
truth. Mr. Salt narrates the parti- 
culars of his journey on his return fo 
Massowa with great spirit and much 
interest, interspersing in his journal 
many curious and important remarks 
on thestate ofart in Abyssinia, further 
observations concerning Axum, par- 
ticulars of Darfoor, the trade of Mas- 
sowa, antiquities, ruins, state of th» 
country and manners of the people. 

The volume concludes with sonM 
account of the antient history of Abys^ 
sinia, a list of the Sovereigns, tne 
failure of the Portuguese, and the 
cause of it. . 

The appendix contains some T^rj 
curious and valuable papers ; among 
others, which every succeeding tra- 
veller must be thaukful for, vocabu- 
laries of the dialects spoken by dif- 
ferent tribes of the inhabitants of the 
coast of Africa. The plates and 
charts are very numerous, and admir- 
ably executed. Few works of modern 
times confer greater credit, as well 
on the Author himself, as on the 
spirit and liberi^lity with which the 
Publishers have exerted themselves, 
to produce a volume of equal ^1^ 
gance and splendour. 

3. Fmir Dissertations , Moral and Re^ 
HgiouSy addressed to the Rising Gene- 
ration. /. On Covetousness, II. Om 
Hupocrisy, III, On the Proaperem^f 
Condition of Men m this fforld, IK 
On (jonttnuance m fFeU-tMng, bvs. 
pp,6B, Longman 4r O.; aiuf Nichols^ 
Son« 4r Bentieyr 



Rmao qf New Publications. 


« THESE lyissertatioBS, by a de- 
ceased Friend, addressed to the risin^^ 
Generation, are now most respectfully 
offered to the Publick by the Editor { 
who sincerely hopes that they will pro- 
duce all the fifood effects which were cer- 
tainly intended and wished for by their 
original Author." Pi'eface. 

This little Yolume cannojt fail of be- 
ing a 'very acceptable ^ift to the pre- 
sent, as well as to *' the rising Geoe- 
ration.*' The *' Dissertations" would 
hȴe formed admirable Dtscoorses 
from tbe pulpit $ and, though we are 
-Dot iDforiDea that the Author was a 
Clergyman, were probably intended 
for public delivery. They contain 
mach highly commendable advice and 
iostmction on the specific subjects of 
tbeir seTeral titles. 

As specimens of the manner and 
the language, we take one extract 
from the *' Discourse on CoTetous- 
ness/' and another from that on 
" Continuance in Well-doing." 

' ** Let us suppose a person of the best 
dispoaition In all other respects, sober 
and peaceable, decent and orderly, such 
as the young man in the Gospel, who 
fvDfla his infancy had been a punctual 
observer of what was written in the Law. 
It does not appear that he had any other 
vice besides that of Oovetousness ; but 
this odidUs ugly quality bad disfigured 
his whole character ; this cold, frosty, 
spiritless passion, had benumbed his 
soul; it had starved every kind and 
tender affection ; every social and friend- 
ly inclination it had killed. He is con- 
scious that all is not Tight with bim; he 
asks advice of our Saviour, but has not 
the heart to follow it. He is anxious 
to be saved, ambitious to be a virtuous 
man, and eager to Mtain the rewards 
of Christian perfection, provided all this 
would- cost nothing. But he had great 
possessions, and these he must resign ; 
he. had valuable treasures, and these he 
must no longer hide or hoard ; but when 
commanded to sell all that he bad by 
One whom he perceived to be invested 
yrith divine authority, it does not ap- 
pear that he was willing to part with 
anything ; for he staid no longer : no 
more questions did he ask, but went 
away sorrowful and dejected. 

'* Our Saviour's reflexions on this 
curious occurrence are suitably solemn 
and striking. His expressions are so 
Strong, that his Disciples were exceed- 
^igly amazed and terrified ; not for 
tbemselvea, we may be sure, for they 
were in no danger from the snares of 
riches : all the little they posses$ed^ they 

had freely forsaken ; but their humani- 
ty was alarmed j their benevolence made 
them anxious for the fate of others. 
Alas ! say they, who then can be saved ? 
among so many rich as there always 
must be, who is there that has any 
chance for heaven ? This, like some 
others, we have heard, is ' a hard say- 
ing.' Jesus beheld them with an eye 
of pity ; and the substance of his answer 
is entitled to our most serious attention. 
Let not the seeming severity of my say- 
ing fill your honest minds with vain 
fears ; or move you to doubt the justice 
and equity of God's dealixfgs. The dan- 
ger of riches is indeed as great as I have 
now represented it ; but the grace of 
God is always both able and ready to 
supply the defects of human strength. 
Whatever, therefore, may be the temp- 
tations to avarice, of ail vices the least 
natural, men may resist them if .they 
will : there is no more necessity for a 
rich man to be coveteus, than for a 
poor man to be fraudulent or discontent- 
ed : for poverty, too, batb its snares and 
temptations : ' take heed and beware 
of those :' mind the duties of your own 
station : there is none in which Charity 
may not be exerted : let yours appear 
in the free communication of those 
truths you have learned, of those trea- 
sures you have received from me. In- 
struct the ignorant, reform the vicious. 
Let the poor be taught patience and 
contentment from your example ; but 
£roni my authoritative admonitions, let 
the rich ' take heed, and beware of 
Covetousnevs/ " 

** In every action which men engage 
in, some point is proposed, as the object 
or end of such action : and to attain the 
end, we must have recourse to the 
means, whether we come to the know- 
ledge of them by obvious experience, by 
the natural use of our faculties, or by 
the help of revelation. In the use of 
these means we must persist, or abso- 
lutely drop our design, and quit all pre- 
tensions to success. Such is the order 
of nature: and no one is vain enough 
to expect that, for his convenience, this 
order should be changed or interrupted. 
Why then that of Providence ? Yet he 
who ceases to put his trust in (Christ, 
and to be virtuous, desists from the use 
of the only means which God bath ap- 
pointed for the attainment of salvation. 
And it is just as contrary to the order 
of Providence, that sucVi a one should 
continue in the progress towards i>err 
fection and happiness ; as it is to the 
course of Nature, that a heavy body> 
should continue in its motion upwardf^- 
after the force is spent by wbicb it was 
impelled. Virj^ue is that ^rcSj* wbicV 



JReaiew of New PMicatiom. 


in conjunction with the Divine Grace, 
can alone carry us to the great end of 
our existence, in spite of all the resist- 
ance from without, and all the obstruc- 
tion- from within. When this active 
principle is invis^orated by a firm belief 
of tbe Truths revealed in the Gospel^ 
the Christian, unretarded in his pro^ 
gress, will press forwards towards the 
mark of bis high calling. Eager, but 
not precipitate ; resolute, but not rash, 
be will follow tbe directions, and obey 
tbe orders of this great leader, let the 
duty be ever so trying, the discipline 
ever so severe. He will < fight a good 
fight, he will finish his course, be will 
keep the faith;' animated by that crown 
which is laid up for him, on account of 
those sincere, though imperfect services, 
whieh God will accept for the merits of 
our blessed Redeemer." 

3. . Jonah. The Seatonian Prize Poem 
ffff tlie Year 1816. By James W, 

Bellamy, M, A> of Qiuien*s College, 
Cambridge, 8vo. pp. 28. Taylor and 

4, Jonah, o Po£2». J9y£dWardSmed- 
ley» c/tm. 8t;o. ppr^b. Murray. 

WITH honest pride, these two 
high-mettted coursers have entered 
the Parnassian race-ground f and so 
nearly paisikus a^quis^ that th^ um- 
pires, we belieTe, bad some difficulty 
m awarding the meed of merit. Mr. 
Bellamy's Poem, however, obtained 
the honourable distinction ; and 
*' Smedley has laurels enough of his own." 

After the Seatonian triumphs of 
two years, Mr. Smedley has an abun- 
dant consolation, for tbe present dis- 
appoiotmeat, iu tbe superior Prize be 
has since obtained at tbe altar of 
Hymeo (see our present Month's List 
of Marriages, p. 88.) 

From tbe peculiar circumstances 
under which these Poems now appear, 
it would be impertinent in us to say 
one word on the merits of either; 
but we shall enable our Readers to 
form their own jud^pnent, liy extract- 
ing tbe opening aad ooncuosioa of 
both. Mr. Bellamy is of coarse en- 
iitied to precedence. 

** Calm sunk the cloudless sun ; d^y's 

parting beam [stream ; 

Trembled a^ile on Jordan's hallow'd 

Soft pla/d the fading light, and linger'd 

On the grey top of Tabor's nigged hill : 
When, from bis bome> by many a charm 
endear'd, [rear'd^ 

Where aaxions lore Ms earliest yiouth had 

la thoughtful silence Jonah bent his 
way, [to strajf ; 

tVer thymy paths, and vlne^lad slopes 

To watch the soften'd tints that dedt'd 
the sky, [cye^" 

Dear as Hope's visions to the raptnr'd 

<< Lord of all Power and Might \ whose 

plastic band [dpann'd; 

Built worlds on worlds, and all creation 
Prompt at whose word the winged whirl* 

winds fly. 
And the red bolt fulfils its destiny; 
Who shall reprove with noisy babbKngi 

vain [less reign? 

Tbe righteous judgments of Thy bound- 
Hence, ebild of Pride, with spccio«a 

reason blind, [Mindi 

Nor scan the purpose of the £tenud 
Blame not the arm that spares the pro- 
strate -foe, 
Nor deal Heaven's vengeance round, an^ 

chide tbe tardy blow. 
God of all Love ! where'er Eve*s silver 

star [wandering car^-^ 

Rears her pale crest, and! guides her 
Where'er the day-spring visits limn 0^ 

Tbe heart insensible, tbe darken'd sy> ^ "» 
Thine be the incense of each grateful 

shrine, ' [Thinew 

And all tbe praise of lov^ uneqnalled-sf 
Low at Thy Throne, let Eartb's firail 

children bend. 
And bail Thee, Lord, their FaAb^rand 

their Friend. .,,^.'. 

And chief may we, illum'd by Mercry^s 

rays, [of pral^. 

From thousand temples swell, tbe hyma 
Teach us to tread, forgiving and. fpk^ 

given, [heaven I 

The path of life, and wait the joy.4 ^ 
Haven'd at last, where loveliest pro* 

spects rise, 
Our home of promised rest, oar Edi^n 19 

the skies." 

Mr. Smedley's Poem is thus inea- 
fully introduced to the pnblick : 

** The Examiners ef the Seatonian 
Prize Poems for tbe present year ad« 
judged the Prixe to another poeas^ bstf 
by a paragraph in the Cambridge Cbro* 
nicle, requested the writer of the fill* 
lowing rcgeeted lines to pubKsb then* 
He has thought it neeessary to prefkuM 
them with this short notice, that be m^ 
not he suspected to have made an appeal 
from the decision of his judges ; fer^ 
however be may feel that he omild have 
given a willing farewell to the Seatonian 
Muses with a better grace than be luui 
received his dismissal from> their ser- 
vice, he knows that it is woise tbaik 
useless to = quarrel with those who have 
been kind, heeause they cease to bsf 



ifcmc^D of Nineveh, as predicted tjy 
.|]^1ki«w ^SMmuom^ mi^ JoMli4 ham 
.■diM 4 Uantitioii it HMde to tbe 4tory of 
tlM laUar Pf»pbet s wbicfai after a brief 
4Uidf«^i^«arralif«» w MVMdered «a .« 
tTpieal representatik^M 'of . the entomb- 
laeat of Cniwt, a part of our SavioiK^ 
bntocj which Kloprtock has tasatod 

« Woe to the bloodjr and adutteroua 

Qttfeen,' ' 
The hanot Ashur wSlih ber careleM mien ! 
ifoe to thee. Queen of waters ! though 

Of lordly Ti^is |prd thy crested pride ; 
On llie bright surface of its sfaiftirijg wave 
Thoogb l^hiiiee thy bulwarks powerful to 

tave } 
And far as eye can reach the embattl^ 

kng^ ' [strength; 

Of tower add rampart frowii in seemly 
Woe to'thee, m^4ity city ! for the day 
Is eoniti ihi&i m thy might shall pass 

k d9f^f €UMb anddarkneiii! wlieii £be 

Lord rsworid.'* 

Barai 'His 'liflifted arm» arid jgli^ his 

•v-rr^' tfe for whom thnr.moum'd had 
. gmn'd . : 
ntlbf^ltoftl^/i'B^.ng, andremaiii'4 . 
tntbjit 6n*knoifrh; which never morta) 

Meaim qf Nm. FuUictOim. 


^JaI #iithe9nii«»ortiMfifit«hBareataad8 

A noWie tempks, iMbioii'tl withoat handi I 

A»dwhla|!0n'd -on Us «vwlastulg tbriae^ 

'Bc^ma. t9 out ciyes tba Pnpbct JomiV< 

slga.'* ■ 

To b*lii tfw ¥&€fm^ are MMooMi m 
few explaMiory Md critku n olei. ' 

aam€y» APmw^ mSueJBooki* J%f 
JUItf Porden. %vo. fp, 890. Bf orray* 

TH£ young Aathor •f i\m FmMi 
u the daughter of Mr. P^nAeOf wk 
[emioeot archil«c|» a acbolar, aad fc 

fentleman of iiaifcfsai iofonmilMlf 
he great stteatioa be hi«i jpaid <9 
tlie Mucalion of hia4aiif btcr« ia^K^' 
stayed in every page aod akiio«l«fery 
line of the work, now bflbrr 4M. 
From an advertiteinent at the 
oftbePoeiB, we findihaittlie 

afUMiil V 

lady considers herself aa a pa^f^ 
.the Royal instiiiitioB» haviitt aftlabd. 
{be Jiecturei given ia AileMii 
street, by Sir Hoo^hrey Dafy^ Mi^ 
Brand, Dr. Roget, Sir Jwmm BdL 


S^te no it closes on mortality, 
.Three days his bpdy sle^H, and the cold 

lEletd him within it's fearful bed of gloom. 
Peath hover'd .over him, but on his face 
The foulness of his touch could leave no 

Hot did his body see corruption ; there 
Sate living freshness, and the tranquil 

Of a Tight slumber, when high visions fill 
The fancy, and exalt to Heaven the will; 
▲a if ^balm'd by his divinity. 
When i^iB^ began bis bo^ ceaa'dto die ; 
And when his earthly Nature did not 

Within, the unearthly purified the shell ; 
Adorned it for his triumph, and resukn'd 
At 'veil of- flesh mofe holy' since en- 
• ' • torabM. 

' -^-ne Ifhrrd day comes— <0h ! not with- 
r '^' lift tlie jgncve 

iMMk' fti his body who has died to save : 
JtalB- net 'in ^arth the immortal fiesh 

V ' .fMehfapids 

A S^iill as immortal in its folds. * 
Weia iai^ Amadise to Sia refused ; 
nm hralaed btfel the venom'd head^has 

- ' iMToiafdi 
ISWd ii the vietoiy now, the battle 

VI itt 1^ IMigraad ttie dead are ene. 

ward Smithy andotiber 
tarersi that jbe pfoMoi: byntteadU 
ing siieh mi^taMy will be laeit tif tha 
account whi^ we tbatl give^iw the 
jnachlaerjr she km employed •a.tlw 
construcUon of her Pote, aad^af 
the different personages wblcb«inluM 
brought forward to anpq^l^ em* 
hellish, an4 givje snSciepi Ureagtii 
to the coiumos wbich support Set 
edifice. The occasion of the Faem« 
as Miss Potden informs us, was, aim* 
pk, her losing her veil by a giiit 
of wind: from this moat Inning diw 
cumstance, she has introduced tbiM 
ladies of ^ a perfsct beauty, rwbo 
|>y dififercnl meant have am ket 
their yeilst and, with tha^Aalp mi 
magic, those veila are cofwejody oae 
to the centre of tiie eartb, aaodber 
to the bottom of aea^ and the tMnl 
to the middle of the boilings stieaww 
of laTaat the bpitojm .of sirouiidli. 

£0 recover theae veili, the tbras 
dies and their bigbta, aaiialed hf 
Ariel the |>riace of t|ie ayiipbs, itilt 
those subterraoeoua regions, and 4if 
course observe ki their way all tho 
principal pbaonomeaa of Natore in the 
aforesaid eleaients^. via. fiarlih, Sae^ 
Air, and Fire }' and conte«|aeiily thelt 
remarks and memoranda beeerae a 
kind of. ayllabuff to- the 7o«iQg reader, 
afiWdiag bothinforiBalioB aidamuie*^ 



Heview of New Publications 


la forming the plan of her Poem, 
this young Author declares, that she 
had in view the Rosicrusian doctrine, 
-which peoples each of the four ele- 
ments with a peculiar class of spirits ; 
and, following the examples of Pope 
and Darwin, she has given to those 
ideal substances the same passions 
and virtues which Homer and Virgil 
gave to their heroes. In the perso- 
nifying of Metals and Minerals, she 
has taken her names from the Greek 
language ; a circumstance which not 
only gives some trouble to theReader, 
but also throws some harshness in 
the versification: as this, however, 
could not be easily avoided, without 
encountering greater difficulties, we 
iDust not blame a young female au- 
thor for her knowledge of a lan- 
guage which justly claims our ho« 
mage when adorned with the canopy 
of a scholastic wig. 

The first book is called The Castle ; 
and serves as an introduction to the 
five remaining. Henry and Mary are 
travelling by night, and come to an 
old enchanted castle, where they ap- 
ply for a night's lodging ; they are 
admitted; on condition that the 
knight, in conjunction with two 
others who have been received be- 
fore him, will engage to watch the 
outside of the castle during the re- 
mainder of the night, being allowed 
previously to recruit bis strength by 
food and wine. Henry agrees to that 
condition, and partakes of a ban- 
quet with the two other knights and 
their ladies. The banquet bemg over, 
Henry with Alfred and Alphonso (the 
two knights arrived before him) per- 
form their promise, and march out- 
side of the castle to keep the room- 
ing watch. The three ladies being 
left with the lord of the caslle, he 
requests of them to inform him how 
they all three came to be so late at 
night, and apparently equally sad 
and distressed. The ladies condescend 
to relate their adventures, and Maria 
begins : but we must not deprive our 
Riders of the pleasure which we are 
sure they will find in the perusal of 
these prettily told tales in the Poem 
itself ; we shall only, to give a spe- 
cimen of the poetical talents of Miss 
Porden, submit the following passage 
from the first tale* The gnome wants 
to persuade Maria to follow him, 
and thus contrasts the pleasures 
of bis subterraoean realms, with 

those which were more familiaf to 
** What the' thou quit the sun's en- 
livening ray, [day* ; 
And * the warm precincts of the cheerful 
The feather'd songsters, Iruits, and fra- 
grant flowers, [hours. 
And dear companions of thy social 
Yet deem not my extended realms be- 
low, [woe ; 
The constant haunt of horror, gloom, and 
The light of Heaven our quenchless 

lamps supply. 
Our vaults re-echo to the sounds of joy. 
To festive songs my Gnomes attune the 
lyre, tspirej 

And captive Sylphs the . dulcet tiute in- 
To grace my court assembled thousands 

Approved in valour, or of Charms divine; 
Those fading flowers no more shall bind 
thy brow, [glow ; 

But in their stead a diamond circlet 
Art's magic hand, at thy command shall 
spread, [mead. 

With gems in flowery guise, the emecald 
Bid vales descend, or lofty hills arise. 
And mimic suns adorn the sapphire 

The two other ladies* tales are told 
in a way that excludes the uaiformiij 
which one might expect to find in a 
thrice-told history, and Leonora in the 
third tale was in the wrong to say, 

• * 

" I fear my story of another Veil 
Will prove the tedium of a thrice-^old 

The Second Book is called Tke^ 
Earth. Albruno^ who is the same 
personage as the lord of the en- 
chanted castle, fights with Henry, and 
feigns to be wounded: Henry goe« 
to nis assistance, to draw the weapon 
from his side, at which moment, the 
treacherous Gnome with gigantic 
arms seizes him, and carMeshim awaj 
into the centre of his doroiAious, 
where he binds him in adamant chaina. 
Albruno then calls his subjects, and 
consults them upon continuing the 
war with Pyros^ the prince oi Fire, 
Marino y the king of all aqnatic tribes, 
and the Sylphs. Here we find a 
great number of notes upon minera- 
logy, which must prove attractive and 
entertaining to young persons desir- 
ous of knowing the chemical pro- 
perties of Minerals: they are pre- 
sented to the Reader with great abi« 
lity $ and shew, in the youo^ Author, 
a thorough knowledge of'^the che- 
mical processes, which are propierly. 
explained both in the notes append* 


me.1 Bmm of New Publications.^ 

the* Poeia and in the Poem 


ant to 

Chr$fso9 feold) ii the first who 
fpeaks, and giyes a moderate ad?ice: 
and next to him Oreickalcon, 

*i Whose pleasing arts his inward treach- 
ery hide ; 

Like radiant Chrysos in his garb and 

But differing far in merit, and in race. 

His spirit proud would regal • honours 
' claim, 

▲s tho' of Chrysos' aintieiit line he came." 

He pretends himself equal, to his 
master, Gold; and the speciousness of 
hia arguments is very finely expressed 
ip the foiiowiDg lines : 
** Dcgeeted-then, he shunn'd'the scenes 

of strife, [fuUife; 

lo eourts and temples pass*d his peace- 
While 1, in every chance of warfare 

tfied, [narch's side, 

HavQ fought, unwearied, by my Mo- 
And oit my buckler, from. his threatened 

head [chant blade." 

Has tum'd the dart, and fuil'd the tren- 

The flattery of an old Courtier 
giving bad advice to his roaster is 
alto admirably traced : 

•• Tis for the coward, treacberou&, 

cold, or weak, [speak ; 

Of caution, danger, doubt, defence, to 

Lord of a thousand hosts, a thousand 

lands, [oiands. 

This bolder plan our martial prince de- 

This, while his prudence gives it strength 

and weight, [state." 

Shall add new glories to our prosperous 

After having prevailed upon AU 
bruno to follow his advice, Oreichal- 
con goes secretly to Pyros, betrays 
his master, and demands for the price 
of his treachery Cbrysos's throne : 

•••But Pyros thro* the flimsy veil descried 
All that ambition lurking strove to hide, 
And plann'd (distrustful of a traitor's 
aid) [tray'd.*' 

To crush him with the monarch he be- 

The different battles which now 
take place are well described ; and, if 
we could spare more room, we would 
transcribeAlbruno's speech before the 
battle, as a specimen of Miss Porden's 
sabtlety in the art of haranguing: 
bat we rather wish to draw the atten- 
tion of the Reader to the various 
mysteries of Nature, which are so 
succinctly and so ably explained both 
i^ this part of the Poem, and in the 

The Third Bookj or The Escape, 

begins bj the delivery of Henrj 
through the asency of the faithful 
Ariel, who shews to him all the 
richness of Albruno's palace : they 
come to a secret chamber, where, in a. 
casket chained, and covered with 
glass, they see the Fcil^ which Henrj 
was going to seize, when the Sylpa 
reprimanded him thus : 

<< Desist, mad youth, nor thus destnic* 

tion dare ! 
Fix'd by Albruno's power, this casket 

Nor moves, nor opens at another's hands | 
While toucu'd by hidden springs, his ' 

snares surprize [fatal prixe. 

The unconscious wretch who seeks the 
Yet had its loss fulfill*d our bold design. 
Or fraud, or force, had borne it from the 

mine ; 
But know, the casket, from his reach 

convey'd, [maid. 

Frees not the promise of the hapless 
Himself alone, tho* gain'd by fraud bis 

Must yield Maria, and the Veil restore." 

The formation and explosion of a 
Volcano is. a4mirably described in the 
following lines : 

" Still as they fight, they seem in 
height to grow. 
And whelm with deadlier weight the 

prostrate foe ; 
Their forms dilated to gigantic size. 
High o*er the field the bold Hydids rise, " 
Bear in their arms their mangled foes 

And hurl with fury at the vaulted roof; 
Confused and press'd,they fight and strug- 
gle there, [of air : . 
So near, their shouts disturb'd the powers 
In vain the concave with their force ex- 
pands, [mands. . 
Their growing bulk a wider field de- 
At length the ribs of solid rock giVe way! 
They force a passage to the realms of 

In the mean while Alfred and Alon- 
zo were guarding the outside of the 
Castle ; and the Lord Magician sent 
to Alfred, under the form of Miranda, 
the false Lynmoria, but she could, 
not persuade him to follow her. The 
Magician himself afterwards fights, 
with Alonzo ; and, upon his being 
thrown down, the Castle falls ; 
the ladies find themselves at liberty, 
and begin '* to hail the sadden flash . 
of purple day." Ariel comes to their . 
assistance, and advises them not to 
fear. A nymph is coming from th& 
bottom of the sea, to take Miranda 
to Marino's court j her name is Mar«> 



Review cf New Publications, 


gnerita, whicb gifntfies a pearl ; and 
thi§ briDgt us to tire Foarth Book, 
called Tlie Sea. 

The same ability which hat been 
displayed in bringing into the preced- 
ing bo<»k the principat phenomenaof 
Mmeralogy, assists us in taking a view 
of the rarest aquatic plants and iea 
weeds, as well asof the principal eccen- 
trieiliesofConcholo>g5. Unfortunately 
Miranda found out too late, that the 
fahe Ly mnoria, the jealous wife of Ma^ 
rino,had deceived her. The true Mar- 
goerita, howerer, cpmet, and takes 
Alfred with her. We have not time to 
follow their descent, or to point oat 
a gre^t many passages which would 
shew to great advantage the uncom- 
mon talents of Miss Porden ; we can- 
not, however, resist transcribing her 
most exquisite description of the Nor- 
thern Seas: 

*• Where their long course the months 

in darkness roll, 
And fogs eternal shroud the frozen pole ; 
ThoGc aeas where endless wastes of snow 

And alps of ice increase with every year. 
Where the red lights that quiver in the 

sky. [ply, 

For half his course, the absent sun sup- 
Till, from Antarctic climes, he turns 

again, [reign; 

And smiling Summer takes his rapid 
As touched by magic hand, the realms 

around [ground. 

Burst into bloom, and flowers conceal tho 
Where late the Lapland boor, in caves 

Fled the stern rigour of the winter wind. 
Or to his sledge, with thongs securelv 

bound, [grounci, 

tjrg'd hb fleet rein-deer o'er the frozen 
Which scarce of moss its scanty pittance 

gave, [wave. 

Now fruits expand, and yellow harvests 
In countless boats the busy seamen sail, 
Entrap the seal, or wound the unwieldy 

Not, like our isle, with soft transition 

blest, [zest. 

Where gradual beauties gain a higher 
Where with delight, we watch the open- 
ing flowers, [showers ; 
And the soft influence of the vernal 
The expanding fruits in size and flavour 

grow, [glow ; 

Tilltheir bright rinds with ripeningiustre 
Or when the trees in richer livery clad, 
Of gold and crimson spread their mingled 

Their charms increasing in their slow 

decay— [away ; 

Tkere> foon matur'd, as soon they Ui3m 

Like the bright laialMW in a suiiinier 

sky, [and die !** 

They rise, they bloom, they ripeii| Ude^ 

Alfred finds his Miruida la the 
grotto where Lymnoria hat impri- 
soned her. With bis taliraiaB, he m*- 
cues her, but ii himself iMapable of 
getting out of her pritoD. Here We 
must recommend the atteotton of our. 
Readers to the fomfttion of the Coral 
islands, before they enter the fifth 
Book, called Siromboli, 

In thit Book an accurate detcrip- 
tion w ^e* of Stromlioli and aiU 
joioiDg plaeeei which detcriptloo is 
takeo from the Abbe SpaUamnai. Leo* 
nora descends into thb fiery regloot^ 
assisted by the wife of Pyroa, who 
seeds her a robe to preserve ber l^rom 
being borot. Alonso readies llie 
same regional aad this Book ends hj 
Henry's forcing the spirit of Fire to 
gite up the Veil to aIodso, and re- 
store Leonora to him. This Book 
abounds in notes which .witl proTe> 
equally arousing and instructire to 
young people. 

The Sixth and last Book is called 
The Restoratiom. This Book, both 
for the rapidity of descriptioUt - aad 
the real importance of the ouittera 
it contains, enables us to nrooonaoe 
that Miss Pordeo, with half the scien- 
tific knowledge which penrades the 
whole of her Poem, and the fiieilit j 
displayed in her Tersification, would 
still be entitled to our most unfeigned 
admiration. The faithful Ariel con. 
ducts Maria through the air, aad 
alights at the entrance of the most 
famous silver mine of Saheberist. 
At the month of the mine, Ariel caHi 
for a guide, and an u^ly Gnome 
brings up a bark in which tb^ de** 
scend. An elegant and fiiitbfBl de- 
scription of that mine is gifen, with 
the assistance of Bomare. 

The phaonomenon of fire-damip ft 
accurately described in these lines r 

** But watchful Ariel shudder'd hers 
to view 
* Each yellaw flame decay in livid bae. 
And heard the thrilling sbritk of wee 
and fear, [tttai^' 

That told the mine's malignant 4seuia . 
Those fading flames attest his ba^fal 

Down sink the Gnomes, or fly the im- 
pending death. 
Or stand prepared again in native nigbt 
To shroud the realm, and mock the da-' 
- man's sight. 



Reviexo of New Publicaiians. 


The evil Spirit came— o'er Ariel's head, 
A. snowy film, his fioMing form, was 

sprea4 ;. 
Xhe watchful Sylph his powerful arms 

evpanda*: [his hands." 

2<|eiis-'4ithelvul Sprite, and crvsh'd him in 

Maria reaches Albruaa'f palace 9 he 
if iorHd by Henry. to lestore the 
Veil I Henry dropa hiB mortal dress, 
and -if foandto bo a Sylph of t^e name 
of Auretiu, whose = fuactions on the 
earth are, 

** Nor yet our seTe eboploy to'gulde on 

.' high ■ • -' ' [sky, 

The radiant orbs that' gem the pvehing 
In varant air the mimic syns to form. 
Ride the bjrigbt sun-beam, or the rapid 

•fttorm. '.Li.-j, 

Our gentler mitiittry, withsbft.cpntroul, 
|n virtue's path directs th^^jemale soul; 
Unseen, we whitpe^ in the ear of youth. 
The goldeu rules of hououf," wisdom, 
truth.".— ^ 

Arid Jbrtoes Amiaathfi to Albruno, 
relcAfCB Mawa and the thi-ee knights : 
then he proclaims peace» Maria is 
given to Ai¥«lio, Miraadd^ to Alfred, 
and Leonora to Alonzo*. 

6. Jfiatemtd jSoUidiude/qr a Daygh- 

^OngM*' Taylor and Hessey./^p, 160. 

WE are niformcft by a^ kdverlise- 
merit to this little work that 

«• A parent who, from increasing in- 
firmities, found it difficult frequently 
to converse with her child, adopted this 
method of conveying instruction, and 
of presenting' the truits of experience 
to an inexperienced mind." 

iris given in Ihe form of serious 
Etsays od Religious Subjects, which, 
UDtinctured by fanaticism or gloom, 
reflect equal credit onthe heart and 
head of the writer. 

7. Reiigious Tracts, for .the Use and 
Benefit of the City of London Lying- 
in Hospital : consisting of, 1 . An Ad- 
dress, or Charpre.. 2. A Devotional 
Exercise. 3. Security of a Christian's 
Hope. 4. Consolations in Affliction, 
To which <^re nowsuly'oined, 5. Ckrmtian 
Statutes. Collected and revised by 
A. H. Sold at tfieHospilaL pp. 284. 
THE benevolent Inslilulion, for 
the benefit of which this litlle Work 
is sold, is well known to the puhlick 
id general: the immediale objects of 
its relief are thus described in the 

, ** Thoi;(e. for whom this establish- 
meaiOjui. claims pre-eminence, are tli« 

wives of industrious mechanics, who have 
brought the arts of England to their 
present splendour, refinement, and pcD- 
lection; they are also the wives of soldiers 
and seamen, whose personal vigour and 
inborn native courage have added un- 
sullied glory to the monarch's crown, 
solid union tohis people, and unrivalled 
honour to themselves, whose personal 
valour has saved and defended their 
country ! They are moreover the wives 
of men who have been visited with mis^ 
fortune, and have sunk from prosperous 
stations ; of men who have pined in sick- 
ness, and have been lost in poverty; and 
many of them are the wi(to\^s of those 
who have fallen in their countrv's cause!:' 
The Tracts consist of well-selected 
passages frcrni the New Testament ; 
with suitable Prayers for the Intti^ 

8. The Speech of Charles Phillips, Esq. 
Barrister^ as delivered by him in the 
Court of Comntfrn Pleas, iJublin, in 
the Case o/Guthrie.v^M/* Sterne, for 
jidultery. ff^ith the original Intro- 
duclion considerably enlarged, and with 
Jiemarhs upon a recent CHtique in tht 
Edinburgh Review. By the Rev. Henry 
G. White, A. M. The Tfard Edition, 
%vo. pp. 34, Asperne. 

THE Publick are much indebted 
to Brother Asperne for this genuine 
publication. We are not surprized 
to find that two Editions of it have 
rapidly been sold. The excellent 
Introduction is now ayowed by an 
eminejit Di\ine, who is himself ab 
Orator of no ordinary celebrity ; and 
it is considerably enlarged by some 
acute remarks on a critique in the 
Edinburgh Review, which, in Mr. 
White's opinion, *^ does much injus- 
tice both to the Speech aud to the 

The Reverend Editor concludes his 
remarks on Mr. Phillips's Speech in 
the following forcible language: 

** In giving publicity, through ever}* 
possible medium, to this Speaih, a very 
essential service is rendend to every 
community ; and by prt'Sf ntiug it to the 
publiek in the present ft)rm,we trust that 
we are perforniingadutywhrch every con- 
siderMe mind will readily ackrowledge. 
•— The Speech itself, lor brilliancy of 
eloquence, for substance of sentiment, 
and for intrinsic excellence in every qua- 
lification that can make it effective of 
the best of purpo^s-^that of holding up 
to general execration the abomination 
whi<:h it deUueates^ stands unequalled 



Reoiew of New Puhlicaimts. 


mmong tbe noblest efforts of the British 
bar! It is a Speech that ought to be 
read in every Family- circle throug^hout 
the land. The Parent, the Child, the 
Husband, tbe Wife, will find in it tbe 
purest lesson of jnst reasoning, upon 
one of the most hateful delinquiencies 
that can implicate their relative com- 
forts, or their personal satisfaction. May 
it make upon every Reader ita doe ira- 
pression ! May it confirm every virtue 
ous resolve, and restrain every vicious 
inclination ! May it instruct the mind, 
and fortify the heart ! May it induce an 
indelible hatred of the crime, ajust ab- 
horrence of the criminal, and an undevi- 
attng fortitude of pious and moral inte- 
grity ! If such be the consequences of its 
perusal, we shall think Ourselves ade- 
quately remunerated in our views and 
amply justified in reprinting it. 

H. G. White." 

5. Bertram; a Poetical Tale, in 
FfmrCaniot. JB^^trEgertunBrydges, 
Burt. K. J. M- P. Printed at the 
private press at Lee Priory, tvo, pp, 68 . 

WHBN any work, which from its 
nature aspires (whether justly or un- 
juitly) to tbe attention of the gene- 
ral reader, makes its appearance only 
through tbe limited impressioo of a 
PRIVATE PRESS { it may perhaps be 
giring it a chaifce, which it would 
not otherwise have, to produce a spe- 
dmen of its contents through the 
medium of a publication su exten- 
sive in its circulation as the Gentle" 
man's Magazine, In the pre!«ent 
month there has issued fVem the pri- 
tate press at Lee Priory » a Poetical 
Tale, in Four €antos» entitled Bbr- 
tRAM, by Sir Egerton Brydges an 
author, who, though he has for 30 
years been a writer and publisher of 
poetry, has never hitherto ^produced 
any It^ng composition in Terse. 

This Poem is a Narrative, appa- 
rently of a fictitious storv, in five-feet 
couplets, composed rather with the 
regularity of construction of Drvden'a 
Fables, than in the fashionable va- 
riety of metre, which many mav 
thinK more attractive,, hut to which 
a liberal and enlightened Critic will 
never exclusively^ confine his appro- 

The Poem opens with an inquiry 
into the cause of the deep gloom 
i}isplayed in the countenance of the 
-Hero of the tale« This draws forth 
kis history, commencing with his 

'< In his fifth year his father lost hi* 
Cover*d with honour8,in a glorious strifes- 
Then from his infant smiles a vain relief 
His mother sought^ and c1os*d in death 

her grief. 
Too young to know the loss his fate had 
given, [riven ) 

Not yet his heart with lonely pangs was 
But morning rose upon his boyish sports* 
And still the live-long day the light be 

courts ; 
Rays of the sun, or shadows of the cloud. 
Alike to him with pleasures are endow'di 
He basks in sunshine on the flower/ 
grass ; [P^M 

Within the' hall, with armour loaded. 
Those hours the frowning elements em- 
ploy, [ing Jew. 
In schemes less fhll of zephyr-breath- 
To live, to breathe, to feel the genial 
glow ' [Bow, 
Of health through every vein in currents 
Oft was calm bliss, and oft was extacy ; 
And oft would rapture kindle in tbe eye, 
-And often on the lips in hal^fonBir'd- ac- 
cents die ! 
A thousand airy castles he woald hvM, 
With day-dreams half his childish bQurs 
were fiU'd ; [bright were stiUU" 
111 humours^ if they cross'd, with vision* 
As he grew to manhood, a wild 
ambition grew with, hims but hie 
hopes and spirits were soon clouded 
by the effebts of a want of OBConomy^ 
which accumulated great debti npoo 
his ancient patrimony. To fly from 
his uneasiness, he engaged in mili- 
tary enterprizesabroadi andamonrtt 
his companions formed a parUciJar 
friendship with Norville^ a yonog 
man of excellent qualitiesA but of a 
calmer temper and more sober jiid({« 
ment than himself, who seamed re^ 
served to him only on one subject, 
which appeared to be some secret 
attachment. After some time of ley- 
sure and idleness in their campaigns, 
a battle ensued r 
** Three days and nights did now the 
tMittle rave, [fCrave ; 
' And thousands fell, but found no covering 
When BERTRABr dropped with many a 
ghastly wound, [grounds 
And senseless lay upon the bloodkstain'd 
Norville,. who long with luckier fate had 
fought, [rade sought. 
Now with vain care his long-lov'd com- 
Too'sure bis friend bad faU*n among tbe 

slain &€/' 

** Lock'd in the arms of death that vi» 
gorous form^ [to warm) 

(No poise that once o'erflowing breast 
IJnconscioos lies amidthe vulgar crew^ 
With not a tear that paUid cfaetk to dew. 



Review of New PuMicaiums. 


And not a hand to throw a mande round. 
And not a flower to consecrate the 

The Second Canto openi with the 
grief of Norville : his return home i 
hU inarriage to LucasUt^ the object 
of bis secret love ; and his rejoining^ 
the army accompanied by his wife i 
soon after which he hears some ti- 
dings of Bertram, as if he was still 
bHtc, and in captivity. Various let- 
ters und messengers were sent ia 
search of him without success: when 
it was resolved that Lucasta herself 
should undertake the perilous task. 
After Ion * journeying, she heard some 
tidings of Mm in the gaol of a di^ 
tant lortrea ; to which, by great cau- 
tion and ing«»^.uity, by tampering with 
the gaoler's daughter, she got access. 
Thia daughter had fallen in love with 
the Hero, and was at once jealous 
and vain of him. A series of inte- 
resting descriptions, incidents, and 
dialogues, ensues. 

Toe Third Canto commences with 
the escape of Bertram and Lucasta 
from the fortress ; and is filled up 
ivith all the various aflfeclmg cir- 
cumstances of their flight, in which 
the virtuous suflTerings of the amiable. 
siod lovely Lucasta are strongly poor- 
trayedj as well as (he awe ot her 
goodness, which overpowers the im- 
petuous aod not totally pure feelings 
of her companion. 

The Fourth and last Canto begins 
with a descriptioD of Norville, over- 
corae'with grief, love, and jeak)usy, 
for the long-protracted absence of 
Locasta; and conimenciog a journey 
io search of her in a state of distrac- 
tion. Meanwhile Lucasta, after es- 
caping from a dreadful storm, finds 
ref'nge with her companion in a lone 
cottage; where, exhausted with fa- 
tigue, she falls asleep over the pea- 
sant's fire. It was night; and in this 
situation, Bertram, looking at her 
beautiful form, while sleeping, io 
Baingled gratitude and admiration, 
seized her hand, and printed on it 
sa unhallowed kiss. At that instant, 
a dre,adful sound, *< half-scream, hail- 
groan," burst through the broken 
caaemebts and in a moment there 
darted through the door a maniac 
form, with a sword in his hand, which 
be was driving at Bertram, when Lu- 
casta, awakened, endeavoured to turn 
it aside, and received the fatal io« 
fCromcat id her own b<>f om* 

'' A faint sigh from ber quirering lips 

was given, [heaven." 

And at that sigh her soul went forth to 

Norville, half-broughtto bis senaes 
by the sight of her bloofl, rushed out 
of the cottage, and almost instantly 
fell upon his own sword. BertraiBt 
after some time, returns to his patri- 
mooial abode; but never can erase 
the grief of these misfortunes from 
his heart or his fancy; and this is the 
real cause of his gloom, which net-^ 
ther the g^fts of genius, rank, birth, 
possessions, nor numerous virtues, 
can overcome. To this effect the 
Poem ends : 

** Wonder no more, whate'er the out- 
ward show, 

If dwells within unconquerable woe! 

Not to the rich is happiness assig^'d. 

Not to the high belongs the peaceful 
mind ; 

Not by the gifts of genius or of frame. 

The shrines, of Bliss preserve the inward 

Not Talent, Beauty, Station, Wealth, or 
Birth, [earth." 

Not Virtue's self, can shield from woe on 

The Poem consists of about 1100 
lines. Perhaps, of all the essentials, 
the story is the least important: it 
is rather in the manner of treating it, 
in the imagery, sentiments, and dic- 
tion, than the events, that the attrac- 
tion lies ; and the latter may be mo^t 
improbable in their combination, and 
yet supply the foundation of the most 
exquisite poetry ; as almost every 
page of Shakespeare and others of 
our old writers proves. If, therefore, 
this story should be thought impro- 
bable, it will go but a little way in. 
determining the merits of this compo- 
sition. The praise to which it as- 
pires is evidently that of simplicity, 
vigour, and chasteness; the Author 
is content with the energy and inte* 
rest of natural feelings, and seeks af- 
ter no ambitious ornaments, or remote 
and artificial beauties; there is no- 

thingof the orraa/estyleof poetry; and 
bis diction only differs from prose, as 
bis thoughts are more animated and 
impassioned. The Poet, who lives ia 
a late age of literature, and is famiiar 
with the works of all the most emi- 
nent who have gone before him^ 
must, whatever be his originality, 
have drawn involuntarily and imper- 
ceptibly many of the materials of his 
style from his predecessors. This if 
true of Miltoo, DrydeUi Pope, Gray, 



Retnew of New Publications. 


Colliai, Beattie, Cowper, Burni, and 
every other eminent Poet. It ii theser- 
Tile echo of tome iiihg^lemaiiter, which 
betrays the mean and deficient ge- 
nius. This will hardly be imputed to 
the present Author, who evidently 
seeks only toexpress his own thoughts 
in the best words which in (he heat 
of the moment present themselves to 
him. By some it will be objected, 
that this style betrays too little of 
the ♦* limce lubor^*- wliile the Author 
will contend- that much of the raci- 
ness and vigour of a glowing style 
is lost hy the cold application of 

The fame of a Poet is a perilous 
ambition. When the present Author 
became a candidate for it, more than 
SO years ai^o, it was said in the 55lh 
-vol time of (he Oenileman*8 Ma^aziney 
that Themis, to whom his profes- 
siunal studies appeared to be dedica- 
ted, WHS a jealous mistress, who would 
allow no rival in her aflcctions, — as 
liad been experiimced by Charles' 
Yorke, Blackstone, and many others, 
who were disposed to make occasion- 
al sacriGces at the shrines of the 
Muses. The truth is, perhaps, that 
he in whom this pasKJon is pure and 
natural, and iree from ali factitious 
he-tf, cannot subdue it. It mingles 
with all his daily occupations, and 
all his die.ims by ni^ht. It clothea 
every ohjt'ct in its own hues; and you 
must »ive him new eyes, new ears, 
and a new heart, before you can ex- 
tirpate it. You cannot make a sen- 
sitive bosom cnllcu^ ; and faculties 
Hlumined by imagination, dull. The 
•oinmunication ot the abundance with 
which the soul is swelling, may be 
with'heid; but it will probably-burst 
and overset the sad depository in 
which it is at work. 

It may fairly be contended, that 
whoevenielinraies the nnaftV cted feel« 
ings ami movements of a rich, cnlli- 
vatcd, and teifder mind, can scarcely 
fail to produce an interesting and 
instructive composition. *' The lan- 
guage of the heart," as Pope ob- 
served of Cowley, is sure to com- 
tnand attention, and impart pleasure. 
Somn of (lion* who kn»»w the variety 
of tiij prevent Autlior*s avocations 
and |Mir>nitM, will be apt to suspect 
that he has little leisure for the 
Muse, and might perhaps be better 
employed in so i.e Antiquarian dis- 
cuision, or Bibliograpbieal diieo* 

very r oo the other hand, perhaps it 
may appear tha| in these dry employ- 
ments he is somewhat out of his ele- 
ment: that his native walk it in the 
fieldf of fancy i and that the tempera- 
ment in which he is mowt fitted to 
live is ardent, 4reHHilous» and efen 
feverish. To account fur a public 
race of 30 years in which he bat done 
'so little in this way, we mutt look 
into the history of his life: but. this 
would be to tear open private wounidt, 
and discuss a chequered and afiectiog^ 
story, which delicacy aod many other 
considerations forbid. 

10. Britton's History and 
ofthi Gatheiral Omrch ^Salisbu^. 

(Continuedfrom our last Volume, p.bZ^.J 

THE Second Chapter is devoted 
to ^' (he Ecclesiastical Foundation, 
and commencement of the new Ca- 
thedral at Salisbury; with acfounta 
of the affairs of the Church, aod of 
twelve Bishops who successively oc- 
cupied the episcopal chair during the 
thirteenth century, and under the 
reigns of King H^nry III. and Ed- 
ward 1," • 

The Prelacy of Richard Pobre, 
brother of the la^t-named bishop, i« 
singularly event(ul : not only a new 
Cathedral, but a new City,' rose un- 
der his fostering auspices.' The ce- 
remonials attendant on la]^ing the 
foundation of the holy ediOce, 'which 
took place on the* 20th of April, 
1220; the consecration of the Al- 
tars previous to the* first celebration 
of Divine service, and the costly of- 
ferings of the King, and other dii- 
tinguished personages; together with 
the Royal Charier, ** confirming to 
the new Church all the- liberticfs and 
privileges which had belonged to the 
old Cathedral, granting sonfe new 
rminu'nitics, and creating Mew Sarev- 
bury a free Cily lor ever ;" are amply 
detailed, and exhibit many charac- 
teristic traits of contemporary cus- 
toms and manners. The promotion 
of Bishop Poore to the mitre of Dur- 
ham paved the way for K^>bert Binr- 
ham, one of his Canons: but, al- 
though hii presided nearly eighteea 
years, and had involved the Trea- 
sury in a debt of one thousand seven 
hundred marks, yet he left the build- 
ings unfinisht'd at his death m 124d| 
and, though William dc York, hia 
f uccessor, inade considerable pr«»gFOsa 
in the work, ** the completion was 



jReinew 9f New Puhlkations. 


referred for Crilet de Bridport, who 
appointed, on Sept. 30, 12(8, a grand 
fsstival for the dedication,'* which 
was performed bjr Boniface, Archbi- 
shop of Canterbury, in the presence 
of a tarffe afi»einbiy of prelaYefl, no- 
bles, and the neighbouring families. 
Hence it appears, that the Church 
ifas built in the space of thirtj-eight 
jears I but we shall have occasion to 
point out, in the progress of thisqar- 
rati'Ke, that the tower and spire, with 
part of the Chapter-house, &c. were 
constructed at a .subsequent time. 
According to sume statements, the 
expences of the buildings, up to this 
epoch, amounted to 40,000 marks, 
or jjg:.26,666. 13s. Ad. sterling." 

Of the seven subsequent prelates, 
Notwithstanding the elevated stations 
lliej occupied,1ittle more is rescued 
fruni oblivion, than that they were, 
tiAd are not. 

..Chapter lU. comprises <' aa ac- 
count of the aft'airs of the Church 
during' the fourteenth and fifteenth 
centuries; and that of fourteen suc- 
cessive Bishops." Robert de W J vile, 
like his predecessor, Ro^er de Mor- 
firal, (fpr particulars of whom^ the 
reader is referred to Mr. Nicholses ela- 
borate History of Leicestershire,) was 
a native of that county, and a man 
of uncouth and^ singular person and 

He engaged la an inveterate dis- 
pute with William de Monlacute, 
£ar1 of Salisbury, respecting the re- 
stitution and possession of a Castle, 
and, after much litigation, the mat- 
ter was referred to trial by single 
combat { 4) ut, when the two Cham- 
pions entered the lists, the King 
averted the impending rencontre, and 
a compromise was negociatcd. ^* Ah 
official mandate for the destructioa 
of Old Sarum was qbtained from 
Edward the Third about this time. 
4l Letter Patent was signed by the 
Monarch at SUerborne, granting to 
ihe Bishop, and to the Oeao and 
Chapter, all the stone walls of the 
former Cathedial Church of Old Sa- 
rum, and the houses which lately 
belonged to the Bistiup and Canons 
of the said Church, within our Cas- 
tle of Old Sarum, t<» havt* und to 
hold, as our gift, for the improvement 
ef ttie Church of New ^aruiu, and Ihe 
Close thtfreuuto belouguig. Anioa|r 
the altera! iuiis then luade, it, is sup« 
posed that the upper part of the 
to^er and spire were erected.'' 

A few names of minor celebrity 
precede Richard Beauchamp, a pre* 
late highly distinguished by his 6%* 
plomatic appointments. Edward IV^ 
actuated probably by a grateful con* 
sideration of his secular services, con* 
feried on him the. Chancellorship of 
the Order of the Garter for life—- 
which honourable office was held by 
his episcopal successors till the 7tl>,of 
Edward VI. when Sir William decil 
was elected. After a contested alie- 
nation of upwards of a century, il 
wassucceufuUy claimedbySethWard, 
on petition to the Sovereign, Charlei 
II. and the Chapter; ana the recur- 
rence of litigatio^i effectually barred, 
by ah hereditary grafit to the prelacy 
of this See. Beauchamp built the 
great hall of the Bishop's palace ; and 
his ren)ains were deposited in a hand- 
some Chantry Chapel of his own erec- 
tion, on the South side of the Lady 

From this period, the mempirs of 
the Bishops cease in a great measure 
to be blended with theaniialsof the 
Diocese, or the architecture of the 
Cathedral; but what is lost in local, 
is more than compensatfd in biogra- 
phical, interest. The Fourth Chap- 
ter, comprising '* the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries," presents a se- 
ries of twenty prelates, which may 
challenge a comparison with the con- 
temporary dignitaries of any church 
in the kingdom. A slight, but charac- 
teristic tribute, is paid to l^uppa. 
Henchman, £arle, and those who ^>uiy 
graced this chair in their transit to 
more exalted stations; whilst those, 
amongst whom were some of the 
brightest ornaments of their profes- 
sion. Jewel, Ward, and Burnet, whose 
preferments were hounded by the mi* 
tre of Salisbury, claim, and receive, a 
more extended portion (»f attention. 
The life of Jewel, in partcular, dis- 
plays an elegance of style and li- 
berality of sentiiue.Dt, which reflect 
equal credit on the author's taste 
and judgment ; and in presenting it 
to our leaders, it may be Viewed in 
the double light of a specimen of 
present, or an anticipation of luture 
excellence, in recoidiugthe Worttties 
of the other CaihedraU. 

"John Jewt^l, S.T.P. the 3Ist Bi- 
shop of the See, was cuiis- crated Jan. 
21, 155t^{iQ„ after hnving sustained 
many vicissitudes and iroul^les in the 
prosecution of his studies, and iii the 
support of his principles. As a very 



Heview of New Publications, 


distin^ished character and prelate, and 
as living at a time of great importance 
In the annals of the church, and being, 
according to Wood, ' one of the great- 
est lights that the Reformed Church of 
England hath produced * ^' I think it 
necessary to detail more fully the events 
of his life than those of any of bis pre- 
decessors or followers. He was a na- 
tive of Devonshire, and born * at BoW' 
den, in the parish of Berry-nerbsr, on 
the 24th of May, 1532t.' He was edu- 
cated strictly in Protestant principles, 
and cherished these during the whole 
of his life. At the age of thirteen he 
was sent to the university of Oxford, 
and was entered at Merton College .in 
1535 : here he profited by the zealous 
instruction of John Parkhurst, after- 
wards Bishop of Norwich, who made 
him his Portionist, or post -master. 
Under this able tutor he prosecuted his 
studies with extraordinary zeal and as- 
siduity, and with him read over and 
collated Coverdale and Tindars transla- 
tions of the Bible. After spending some 
years at this college, he was elected a 
scholar of that of Corpus Cbristi, Au- 
gust 19, 1539; and on the 30th of the 
following October took the degree •of 
* bachelor of arts, with great and ge- 
neral applause^.' This honour stimu- 
lated him to still greater exertion ; and 
he is represented to have studied very 
closely from four in the morning' till ten 
at night. He now took the charge of 
some pupils, and instructed them in the 
principles of I'rotestantism in private, 
and humanity in public. Chosen to the 
office of rhetoric professor, he excited 
much attention by the style and mat- 
ter of his lectures, which he continued 
to read for seven years, and attracted 
the attendance and admiration of many 
of his seniors from other colleges : among 
these was Parkhurst, his former pre- 
ceptor, who complimented him by a 
Latin distich. In 1544 he was made 
master of arts, the fees for which were 
paid by the same kind tutor. After the 
death of Henry VIII. Peter Martyr was 
sent for out of Germany, and appointed 
divinity professor at Oxfor^d. Jewel con- 
stantly attended his lectures, and ' by 
characters which he had invented* (pro- 
bably short-hand) copied his discourses. 
In 1551 he obtained the degree of ba- 
chelor in divinity, when he also was 
presented to the small rectory of Sun- 
ningwell, near Abingdon. It was his 
practice, though lame, to walk to his 
church every alternate Sunday. In these 

honourable occupations he at once gra- 
tified his own feelings, and administered 
to the mental wants and pleasures of 
niany around him. Qn the accession of 
Mary to the throne, the religious hori- 
zon was overcast ; a storm soon gather- 
ed, and the thunders of persecution 
and lightnings of intolerance and bigo- 
try, burst forth on the nation. Jewel 
was one of the first, observes Prince^ 

* that felt the fury of the tempest ;• for 
be was expelled the college without trial 
or examination. The university, how- 
ever, chose him as their public orator ; 
and thus he was retfiinedat Oxford some, 
time longer, but only to experience fur-, 
ther insults and cruelties. By force be 
was compelled to subscribe to certain 

* Popish articles :' and afterwards found 
it necessary to leave tlie city during^ 
night, and travel on foot, to save his 
life. Lame, of a weakly constitution, 
and fearful of his murderous enemies, 
he walked through hye'roads, and dn^- 
ring the night, to reach the metropo* 
lis. In this journey he was found by a 
servant of Bishop Latimer, * lyii^ upon 
the ground, alpaost dead with vexation, 
weariness, and cold ; and who, setting^. 
him upon a horse, conveyed him to the< 
lady Anne Warcups, a widow (,' by 
whom he was entertained for some 
time, and then sent on to London. 
Even here he wad unsafe ; and 4iavinf;^ 
met with a friend in Sir Nicholas Throg^' 
morton, who lent him money, and pro^* 
cured him a ship, he went to Frankfort.' 
After remaining there a few months, he 
proceeded tp Strasburgh, at the invita- 
tion of Pe^er Martyr, who at that time 
presided over a college, and who ap- 
pointed Jewel the vice-master. These 
divines afterwards went to, and settled' 
in Zurick, at the solicitation of the set 
nate. Jewel, however, soon afterwards 
proceeded to Padua, where he obtained 
the friendship of Signior Scipio, a Ve-, 
netian, to whom he afterwards addressed 
his epistle concerning the Council of 
Trent. The death of the cruel and san- 
guinary bigot, Ijueen Mary, was a for- 
tunate event for England ; for it in- 
stantly gave life and joy to every li- 
beral and enlightened person. This 
change induced Jewel, with several off 
his friends, to return from exile. He 
was nominated one of sixteen, to meet 
the Catholics in Westminster, March 
1559, and discuss the subject in dispute 
between the two parties. In the fol- 
lowing year he was appointed one of the 
commissioners for visiting the churche'g 

♦ AthenflB Oxonienses, vol. I. p. 389. edit 1813. 
t Prince's Worthies of Devon, edit 1810. p. 5^, 

:,Ibid. ilbtd. 


R&oiew of ifew Publications. 


in the West of England, to root out Ca- 
tholic prejadices, and establish P-'^tes- 
tant doctrines. Soon after bis retam 
to London he was appointed bishop of 
Salisbury ; aiid on the second Sunday 
before Easter, 1560, preached a sermon, 
first at the Court, and afterwards at 
Paul's Cross, which at the time, and 
afterwards, occasioned much p()pular 
clamour of praise, censure, and contro- 
irersy *. It was soon published, and 
contained a challenge to all the Roman 
Catholic world, to produce out of any 
father, or writer of credit, who lived 
within six hundred years after Christ, 
ot from any general council during that 
]ieriod, or from the Scriptures, any dear 
and decided testimony to the truth of 
the Popish tenets objected to by the Re- 
formers f . This bold and novel defiance 
occasioned much notoriety, and called 
forth several works in reply ; but our 
prelate only answered one of these, 
whieh came from the pen of Dr. Tho- 
■nfl Harding, who was esteemed the 
most able dt bis opponents. Fallacy 
and sophistry could not, however, stand 
titt test of Jewel's liberal and luminous 
mind : he prepared bis famous * Ap9- 
iMfia EeelentB AngbcmMt; 8vo. 1569, 
woich involved him in a protracted con- 
troversy with Harding %, His Apology 
was .translated into several languages, 
jnd circulated all over Europe. It was 
several times printed in Loudon, and 
was also translated into English by 
John Smith, and by an anonymous 
writer. Jewel was author of several 
other works, on theological and con- 
troversial subjects. These were suc- 
cessively published in separate volumes 
and pamphlets, between the years 1573 
and 1594; and the principal of them were 
collected and printed in one volume 
folio, English, 1609. To this is prefix- 
ed a memoir of his. life, * full of faults,' 
written by Daniel Featley. Though it 
is evident, from the preceding particu- 
lars, that a considerable part of our 
good bishop's time was employed in li- 
terary studies, yet he did not nejflect 
the practical duties of his high station. 
His attachment to learning and litera- 
ture is evinced by the act of building 

a library over part of the cloister at Sa- 
lisbury, and furnishing it with several 
books. He also kept some poor boys 
in his house, for the express purpose of 
instructing them in Latin, grammar, 
and other branches of learning ; and it 
was his practice to excite laudable com- 
petition in these youths, by hearing 
them dispute on, and discuss the sub- 
jects of their studies, during his meals. 
* Several young students were also sup- 
ported by him at the university, aniong 
whom was Richard Hooker.' He waa 
a fervent and zealous preacher, and ap- 
propriated much of his time in visiting 
various parts of his diocess, to instruct 
and admonish his inferior clergy. It 
appears that he often presided also in 
his consistory court, and assisted on 
the bench of civil justice. Such indeed 
was his assiduity in the discharge of aU 
his episcopal and civil functions^ that 
he sacrificed his health at the shrine of 
duty \ and died in the fiftieth year of 
ills age, at Monkton-Farley in Wilt- 
shire, on the 23d of September, 157 U 
His remains were conveyed to Salisbury, 
and interred near the middle of ihm 
choir. The University of Oxford direct- 
ed Dr. Laurence Humphrey, the regiut 
professor of divinity, to write a memoir 
in Latin of our bishop, which was pub- 
lished in quarto, 1573. < Jewel's cha- 
racter cannot be too highly revered, or 
too respectfully spoken of. He was a 
man of great learning and surprising 
diligence, moderate and humble in his 
opinions, and meek in his deportment ; 
a strict observer of the behaviour of his 
clergy, yet a mild reprover of their mis- 
conduct, which his vigilance greatly 
checked, and his caution prevented. 
His memory is reported to have been 
very extraordinar}*, insomuch that be 
could recollect any thing with once 
reading; and he improved it very much 
by art, and a constant habit of employ, 
ing it. He was an excellent preacher ; 
pious in all he said and did ; charitable 
without ostentation ; affable and plea- 
sant in his manners ; temperate in his 
mode of life ; and a complete master of 
bis passions §.' As the sun in a spring 
morning, rising above the Eastern hori- 

* See Churton's interesting Life of Alexander Nowell, 8vo. 1809. p. 23, &c. 

f Humphr. Vit. Juel, p. 124; Heylin's Reformation, p. 302; Strype's Annals, 
vol. I. p. 201. 

X Mr. Churton, in his Life of Nowell, p. 12G, has preserved a curious passage 
from a private letter of Jewel's, expressive of his great anxiety about the accuracy 
of printing his book. " I beseech your grace to geeue straite order, that the La- 
tine Apologie be not printed againe, in any case, before either your grace, or somme 
other, hiue wel perused it. 1 am afraide of printers ; theire tyrannic is terrible. — 

From my poore house in Sarisburie, 3 Maii, 1563." Addressed to Archbishop 

Parker j and it is preserved among his MSS. in Bene't College, Cambridge, 

§ Bli8s> Wood's Athan. Oxon. vol. i. 395. 



Reoi&m of New Publieafums. 


con, is often obscured by clouds and 
mist ; bur, gaiiiiiif^^tren^h in its coarse, 
dispeh the gloomy and deletelious va- 
pours, and ^ives life, light, and joy, to 
the human race — so Jewel rose in the 
Weste n world, to check the horrific ca* 
reer of cruel bigotrj', to stem the tide 
of priestly intolerance, to emancipate 
the human mind from tbental slavery, 
and to prove that philanthropy, learn- 
ing, and liberality of sentiment, consti- 
tute the essential characteristics of a 
true Christian and a good man.** 

The Fifth Chapter comprehends 
Twelve Bi&hopi, including the mu- 
nifiCi'nt Barrinffton and the critical 
Douglas, and closing with Dr. j^ishcr, 
the present respectable prelate. 

Chapter YI. embraces a " descrip- 
tion of the form and arrangement 
and constrnclion of the church ; aUo 
of itsextieriorand interior style of de- 
sign and urnam'ent^; and of Ihe vari- 
ous. pprlions of the edifice, with re« 
ference to the accompanyitig prints. 

. f' This Church is remarkable as being 
jthe most uniform, regular, and syste- 
inatic in its arrangement and architec- 
ture of any ancient Cathedral in Engr 
land; and in this respect is also con- 
tradistinguished to those on the Con- 
tinent ; for, whilst. all the others consist 
cf dissimilar, and often heterogeneous 
parts and styles, that of Salisbury is al- 
most wholly of one species, and of one 
asra of execution. It appears not only 
to have been constructed from one ori- 
ginal design, but to have remained to 
the present day nearly in the .state it 
was left by its builders ; at least we do 
not readily perceive any very discordant 
additions, or serious and -palpable dila- 
pidations. Hence, consistency and har- 
mony are its characteristics ; and from 
this cause the Architectural Antiquary 
must view it with admiration, and in- 
vestigate its execution with satisfaction, 
and even with pleasure. An additional 
facility is afforded to the study of this 
structure, by the adventitious advan- 
tage of ' its iusulfted and unincumbered 
state and situation : fur. whilst most of 
the other ^reat churches of England are 
obscured, and almost enveloped with 
houses, trees, and walls," that of Salis- 
bury is detached frorii all extrantfouis and 
disfiguring^ oljects, and is thus laM open 
to the inspection of the stranger. It ii 
thus rendered ea>*y of access 'and of ex- 
amination from several points of iqewj 
Hud hence may be studied by the Drafts- 
man and Architt-ct,'fr«)m such stations 
as best display the form and effect of the 
whole. From this circumstance, Salis- 
bury Cathedral is popularly regarded as 

the finest church in JSngland ; and fron^ 
the same cause it is certainly peculiarly 
imposing oit the eye and imagiuatioa 
of the stranger. 

** The whole of this Cathedral nay 
be said to consist of six distinct and 
separate portions or members i— I. Tbe 
body of the church :•— 2. The tower and 
spire :-^ Tbe cloister :— 4. The nortk 
porch .—5. The chapter-house :— -aBd» 6. 
^— The chantries and monumeiits.-»£aeb 
of these has a peculiar and positive ch^ 
racter and appropriation, and each it 
contradistinguished to the others bf 
marked forms, and dissimilarity in styks 
and ornament. The church consists iiv 
tenvaliy of a nave, witli two lateral ailest 
a large transept, with an Eastern aila 
branching off from thetower; a smaller 
transept, with an aile. East of the formers 
a choir, with lateral ailes ; a space East 
of the choir^ and a Lady Chapel at tbe 
East end. On the North side • of the 
church is a large poreb« with a rooHa 
over it ; and rising from the intersec- 
tion of the prineipal-traiisept witls the 
nave' is a lofty tower and spire. SouUi 
of the church is a square cloister, •with 
a library over half of the Eastsrn side-; 
a rhapter-bouse ; » consistory court | 
and an octangular apartmant, called Ihe 
Muniment room;" ? 

Mr. B. prefaces hiiaiialyfis <lf th« 
edifice, by pointing out th* effett prcu 
duced by surveying it from 'dtSerttit 
p'oints, and uqder varying tf'ansitioo's 
and modifications ofjignt and aba^ 
dow, illustrating his observations hjr 
references. to the graphic erohellishr 
ments.' 'He thea eoiers iuto a eritjr 
cal examination oi the compoiieajt 
parts or membert oi the exterior, 
and thus describes the tower mod 
spire — the far- faaidd boast of tbif 
majestic structure. 

"The Tower, rising from the roof, 
and near the centre of tbe church, eon- 
sjsts of ^tbree divisions ; and its whalie 
surface is decorated with pilasters, co- 
lumns, arches, panels, crocketed pedi- 
ments, foliated, pinnacles, and three dif- 
ferent and varied bands or parapets. 
Each angle of this tower is crowned 
with an octangular spire turret, having 
an embattled base, and ornamented 
with knobs at each angle. Connected 
with fhese, and disposed 'to unite 'then 
with the spire,- are four oruanieat^ 
members, charged with knobs, pinna* 
clesj crockets, and finials. The octan- 
jgular Spire rises from the centre of tbe 
tower : four of its sides rest on the walls 
of the tower, and four on arches raised 
at the angles. At this place the wsU of 
the tower is five ieet in thiehoMei two 



jRgview of New Publications^ 


of wliicli are-oecupied by the base of the 
t^re, two by a passage rouod, and one 
by the parapet* The wall of this «piie 
gradually diininiabes in tbicknosa for 
about twenty feet above the towef, 
where it is reduced to nine inches, and 
is eoDtinoed of that thickness to t%le 
smBUit. The timber frartitng within, 
i^cnriottsly and ingeniously contrived. 
E!)rt(*nially the spire is ornamented with 
ribs at e^'eiy angle, each of which has 
two rows of knobs attached to it. The 
spire is divided into four nearly equal 
portions, by bands of tracery, panels, 
&o. ; and at the base are four deco- 
rated door>ways to the parapet of the 
tower. The two uppermost divisions, 
or stories of the tower, and the whole 
of the spire, are evidently of later 
erection than the church, or of the 
lower story of the tower ; the style of 
arehiteeture is more enriched ; and in 
the fbrms and ornaments of the pedi- 
ments, ptpnaclcs, and open parapets, 
resemble the mu«h-admired Crosses * 
raised by King Edward I. and other 
works erected at the end ef the thir- 
teenth century. It seems that the ar> 
ohitect of this spire was ambitious of 
carrying its apes higber than any si- 
milar building of stone f in England ; 
and though it is not of equal altitude 
ta that of St. Stephen's church at Vir 
enna, or that of Strasburgh }, yet its 
vast height baa rendered it an object 
of popular wonderment, as well as of 
great curiosity and interest to the ar- 
chitect. From the ground to the high- 
est point it is four hundred and four 
feet, as ascertained by Cok>nei Wynd- 
ham in 1684. Other accounts state it 
at four hundred, and at four hundred 
and ten feet ; but the colonel appears 
to have been careful and scientific in 
his operations t and from the height of 
the object, and its complicated timber- 

work, and floors, it is scarcely pbssiblc 
to be specific to two or three incbee. 
la designing this tower and spire, as 
supplementary to the former work, the 
architect evinced an original and daring 
genius: he seems to have spumed at 
precedent, and boldly determined to 
raise a lofty edifioe in the upper re'- 
gions, and create a foundation for it 
far above the earth. To have made 
plans, designs, or .modeu>, for the whole 
tower and spire, ab originej would not 
have been difBcult <Hr surprising ; hot 
to determine on such a thing, irfter 
the tower had been built, and its foma- 
dation had received' its destined ioad, 
was an aot of enthusiasm bordering on 
infatuation. Siich, hbwever^ are the 
amazing powers of the human mind, 
when inspired by genius and governed 
by science, that apparent impossibilities 
can be surmounted, and prodigies of art 
eflfected. To raise the tower and spire, 
as now executed, it was necessary to 
strengthen and sustain the older work 
with numerous buttresses, iron braoei, 
and other contrivances ; for the okl 
wall was slight and thin, as more than 
half of its thickness was occupied by 
a corridore, or open gallery. It was 
also perforated by eight door-ways^ as 
many windows, and four stsurcases at 
the angles. Price, in his 'Observa- 
tions,* says, that < one hundred . and 
twelve additional supports, eaclmive of 
bandages of iron, were introduced into 
this part of the tower.' The windows 
.were filled up, and three hundred and 
eighty -seven superficial feet of new 
foundation were formed. At the aame 
time it is presumed that the arches and 
counter arches were raised across the 
small transept. * These circumstances 
together are enough to frighten any 
nan in his senses, from pursuing sp 
rash and dangei^us an undertaking}' 

4F « See these represented and described in the first volume of * The Architectural 
Antiquities of Great Britain.' In Dods worth's * Account,' the erection of tbf 
spire in referred to the beginning of Edward the Third's reign \ when some great 
alterations were certainly effected about the church. In 1331 that monarch granted 
his letter patent to the Bishop, &c. of Salisbury, to remove the stones and other 
materials from the deserted cathedral of Old Sarum, * for the improvement of the 
church of New Sarum, and the close thereunto belonging.' These materials ap- 
pear rather to have been employed in raising a lofty embattled wail round the cfose^ 
tlian in the construction of the spire ; for in the present walls of the bishop'^ gar^ 
den, we perceive many sculptured stones, with Norman ornaments, &e." 

f ** The spire of the church of Old St. Pouts, London, said to have been colk- 
•tructed in iSSl, was five hundred and twenty feet in. height} but it consisted 
mostly, if not wholly, of timber and lead. The lieight, to the top of the emi 5f 
the present dome, ia three hundred and seventjr feet. (See History and Description 
of St. Paul's Chureh, &c. by Edmund Aikin, Ardittect; with Plans, ElevatioD^. 
Section, &r. ; 4to. 1813.) The great column of London^ calM ''the Mpnument, 
is two hundred and two ieet high ; just half the height of the spire 9f Salisbury." 

t That of Strasburgh b said to be four hundred and flfty-siv fd^t in height ; and 
that of Vienna, four hundred and fifty-six feet* 

GiSNT. If AG. Jamitlr^, lai^ y«t 



Reoiew rf New Publications. 


yet the architect prosecuted and com- 
pleted the arduous task. It has now 
tiraved the storms and tempests of more 
than fire centuries; and, if carefully su- 
perintended, may remain double that 
lenf^h of time. That a structure of 
such altitude and dimensions should 
have swerved from the perpendicular 
is not surprising; acid we accordingly 
find that a settlement has taken place 
-at the Western side, or rather in the 
piers or clustered columns under the 
North-western and South-western angles 
of the tower. This was discovered soon 
after the work was completed j and va- 
.rious methods have been employed, at 
different times, to ascertain the precise 
extent of the declination, and to coun- 
teract its danger. By the examination 
and account of Price, we learn that at 
the top of the parapet of the tower, the 
..wall declines nine inches to the South, 
and three and three-eighths to the West; 
whilst at the capstone of the spire, the 
declination is twenty-four inches and a 
.half to the South, and sixteen and a 
quarter to the West. 

'* Although this spire is an ohject of 
popular and scientific curiosity, it can- 
not be properly regarded either as beau- 
tiful or elegant in itself, or as a mem- 
ber of the edifice to which it belongs. 
A maypole or poplar tree, a pyramid or 
a plain <;ingle column, can ne^'er' satisfy 
the eye of an artist, or be vieweil with 
pleasure by the man of taste. Either may 
be a beautiful accessHry, or be pleasing in 
association, with oth«r forms. The tall 
thin spire is aho far from being an ele- 
gant object. Divest it of its omRmental 
baiidi}, crockets, and pinnacles, it will 
be tH6teles<) ami formal : as we may see 
exemplified in the pitiful obeli>k in the 
centre of Queen Square, Bath ; but as 
sociate it with pn)portionate pinnacles, 
or other appropriate forms, aiid like the 
spire of St. Mary's church in Oxford, and 
that of the "south- western tower at Peter- 
borouglicat'nedraljwearethen gratified." 

To the doctrine- advanced in the 
foregoing paragraph, we uiiist un- 
equivocally enter our protest : ihe 
criterion is more .specious thau so- 
lid : if it be a fair test, where is the 
line of demarcation to be plai'ed, 
■ioce it may be very jiistiy rct4»rCed— 
Trill not the tower, or any other 
member of a fine building, become 
** tatteless aod formal," when '* di 
Tested of decorative ornament, and 
4'edaced to piaiu natU of unadorned 
masonry?" The tieaTen-di reeled spire 
^ippears to m pecoltarly to harino- 
mze with the hallowed avQocintions 
L'unaecled wilby and inspired by,' re- 

lij^ioufl edifices ; arid, if roared by tho 
hand of taste, if capablo of beiii|^ 
rendered no less beautifol than appro- 
priate. ( To he concluded in §ur nest.) 

II. Righi and fTreng, MxhOiUdmihe 
History of Rosa and Agnes. ff^riUen 
for her Children^ by a Mother^ Au- 
thor of " Always Happy t'* •* An In- 
troditetion to Mrs. Barbauld's /«cs- 
swM;*' « Key to Knowledge," . Sfc. 
l5Uno. ; pp, 192. Harris. 

IN the opposite conduct, !n earfy 
life,' of these Twin Sisters, the Au- 
thor of this little volume has largely 
exemplified the consequences of act- 
ing *• right" and •* wrong,*' in a v'a- 
rietv of instances, which cannot fail 
of impressing the mind of a young 
reader. Of the neat simplicity of the 
Author's language, her description of 
a Sunday shall serve as a specimen : 

'* The morning was fine, and was 
cheerfully ushered in with the enlivening 
chime of the church bells. The twin- 
sisters, as usual, rose somewhat earlier 
on this welcome day, for many were Its 
peculiar privileges and pleasures. Neatljf 
dressed in their best attire, clean, and 
decent, with fresh-washed cheeks, and 
eyes beaming with good humour, tbey 
joined their parents at the breakfaat- 
table. ' I am always so glad when it it 
Sunday/ said Agnes ; ' for we have so 
many pleasant things to do, and to talk 
about ; so much variety, and so much 
comfort!*—* And I love Sunday too, 
very much,' said the little lisping Ed- 
win, her young brother; for you know, 
papa, it is the forgiving day.' His fa- 
ther smiled at his innocent prattle. 
' If you never did wrong, EUiwin, there 
would be no occasion for a forgiving 
day, as you call it.* — ' But, as I do wrong 
sometimes, papa, I love to he forgiven ; 
and you know you always forgive me, 
most willingly, on Sunday.' * Yes, Ed- 
win, because Sunday is a holy day, a 
day set apart by God for peace and com- 
fort.' — * And therefore we ought to for^ 
get aud forgive, and love every body', ^ 
and he as happy and as quiet as ever 
we can,' said Edwin. His sisters Uugb- 
ed at hU curious list of Sunday duties, 
closing with he thought a great 
virtue, to * be as quiet as we can.' — 
* For my part,' said his mother, * ofte 
ot my nwiiiy .Sunday plea<>ures is, to be- 

, hold iill oUsses of people enjoying them- 
siMves in their several modes. The 

. shopk*'ep«>r5 taking pleasant walks 
with their wives and children, the poor 
day-labourers resting from their week's 
hard service, and dressed in their best 


wbw 4l|^ wetther ft bid od ■ Sandiijv' 
•aid AfBH. 'So Bin 1, Asnei) but, 

MNtittltbtaitbtlr nach.. llw.veQfces. 
*>Aaa tltlhibauf- andvcrtion, tutWi 
irtwUII Mud M|r4■It^uK •ui]n«l««,4iijtt| 

•re*llhj>«lMM^ndDlf DlKiin fbrm»a)tiit 
<!cpt|^Tbne it soMotUnf 
'le *crf jidet, tbM.eveo tba 

*Trae, Rom'; Ut^ that ■mut undei-tlM 

pvin^ of liur grateful brarts, to xppear 

In hlfr mvre linmediate presence, and, DSd Bticb Klnil BiBtbrs ^ t-ypV t°> ^ 

lo bis, own Eacred temple, cunfMt our they Aid in pruoiltiitg to oblige faiAi,- 

traikiei; entreat bis mercv, and adure »nd ibus having ibe tqtiBraEtioQ of 

hi) power? Oh, my cbildreii! nfaat a feeling Ibat tbey could add to tbe 

Umsids is-tUis, what a. bigb, nbat a coaifurt of tbelr dear bfotbe^i llius, 

gloriOM privilege!' — The liltle circle obliging and ubiiged, the tmppy circle 

U^mted with reverence to this affeet— passed the boar of dinner. Tbe tolling 

ing appeal. Tbeir worlby fallier conti- bell a)cain called tlie'm to cburcli. The 

nued. ' How toothing to the best nr- t.wiii-sl Iters, hanging; On their brotber'i 

lecliona, to heboid our fellow creatures arm, attended the cheerful party to the 

joining with lis in this sacred act of pietj-, sacred temple. The ailes werp crowded 

to look around us. and view a wbiile with the decent poor, who, stiiiiding 

iting ill the in rows, listened witt 

1 ; onegreat respected ppeacber." 


" Thi^re is in souk asyuipatby.with soimilSj ' '' 

And ag the mind is pitcb'd, tbe ear is pleas'd 

With melting airi, or martial, brisk, or grave ; 

Some chufd in uiiisun with what 'we hear 

Is toiicb'd within us, and the bean replies." CowttM. ' . ' '■ 

t, VOrhgt, RoJtda pastorale pour It and loc'ial, lu ptiAhlcti^e of, beniero- 
Piaacferii, en intitatiim du jKlebre lent feelingB, sO incaptilile orezcitine 
Bnuh dc Su\tie]i ; romposd el dedid TJcious urooeMiliM, iis'^ Miwlds? la 
Ufarfemilrflff Gihbings, y«r T. La- ^utb none. We kAoV of no musical 
tBOr. ff. 14. 4*. Chappell and ft. eipreMioii ' for iiialevolence, tod ' 

. WllAt amuieineDt ig lu iiinoceat Ibiok tbaf no Ttalfj nicliad beut 


Jtmew of New Musiail Publications. 


^as eyer truly semible of itt enchaiito 
iDg powers. There is a soraething 
jn musical expression that seems to 
bid defiance to philosophical expla- 
nation. Perhaps the very weakest of 
its iDflueDces can be Scribed to imi- 
tation. Musick is not essentially an 
imitative art ; and therefore, as far 
as composition is coocemed, it is 
more mysterious and difficult than 
painting. Musick has never been so 
much the fashion, the rage, in Eng- 
land, as at the present moment. All 
young ladies must now learn the 
pianoforte, or the more expensive 
harp. But, alas ! this fashion is not 
founded on a generally increasing sen- 
sibility to the magical vibrations of 
sweet sounds ; but the firist aim is 
to flourish, to be dashing, to excel 
each other in the execution of some 
cramp difficulty. Young ladies sit 
in judgment on professors; and a 
roairs reputation is disposed of be- 
fore his cnaracter if properly known. 
Ob, it is a most iiograteful profes- 
sion ! The constant practice of the 
art, aif a professor, in other words as 
a master, must practise it, works his 
nervous system into a state of the 
most dangerous susceptibility, while 
he is daily exposed to temptations 
and mortifications which are inde- 
scribable. Young men, are ye de- 
lighted with musick ? Learn it then, 
as the sweetest and most innocent of 
all amusements for your leisure 
hours; avoid the profession, as the 
most unhappy of all occupations. 
The respect and the profit it ob- 
tains seldom bear any proportion to 
the difficulties to be surmounted. 
But, to close this long digression from 
our immediate business, we proceed 
to give, our opinion of Mr. Latour*s 
imitation. Indulgent Reader, ac- 
cept onr well-meant and sincere opi- 
nion : we have seldom room to ex- 
press the reasons on which it is found- 
ed; and perhaps have not always 
clear reasons to give. In musick, 
** la sensibiUU fait tout notreginie:* 
That our judgments may be impar- 
tial, consistent, and tena to the real 
advancement of the art, though but 
never so little, is all we dare hope. 
Our wish is to thrust assuming igno- 
rance out of the way of modest ta- 
lent; and secondly, to nnakc — 'but 
here our limitsand opportunities fail — 
to make this department of the Gen- 
tleman's Magazine a register of the 
best musical publications of the time 

ki which we write. The bMotiM 
subject of Steibdrs imitatife r«ndo 
is truly and most delteatef y pastormi i 
but the subject of Latour's has eiH 
tirely the character of an opera j^ince. 
The first is in the major key of B ; the 
second in that of F, being a seAiitoae 
higher in pitch, but many degrees 
lower in excellence. On one accoant 
it will be preferred to Steibelt's i-^ 
it is equally rapid, and at tbe aame 
time far easier of execution. Tbe 
stormy part of it has the most merit t 
however, such a piece cannot do itc 
Author much credit, except in to far 
as it is an acknowledgment of Stei-' 
belt's superiority. An imitation, iof 
order to avoid being a mere copy, 
must have something of the imita* 
tor's own ; and generally, .because 
genius is not general, this portion 
renders the imitation inferior to the 
original. Steibelt's musick has ao. 
expression peculiarly graceful audi, 
vivid : to compare musick with viaU 
ble tbinffs,-^it has tbe softness aad 
lustre of silk ; Mozart's has the soli* 
dity and worth of gold ; Haydn's, tbe 
purity and brilliancy of tbe diamond i 
and Latour's — what has it but the' 
glare of tinsel ? 

2. The BaUleff Watetloo^ or LM.BelU 

Alliance, a grand ieicrifHv€ eittfk«l- 

iHffctf, ^o. Dedicuied f his Grace ih^ 

Duhe of Wellington, jy H. Z^ebe» 

Af aster of the Band of the id regtmesH 

rflAfe Guards: adapted for the P^ 

OMnforte, pp. 1 5. As. 

IF we were to form a scale of miiY 

sieal excellence from Beethoven down 

to Sampieri or Watlew, Mr. Leibe 

would rank at a pretty comfortable 

distance from the bottom. Very few 

of these Imitative pieces satisfy us. 

Let them he performed without the 

auditor's having any previous know- 

ledge of their intention, and rarely 

indeed will he be able to guess tbe 

things imitated, except such parts as 

are peculiar to horns, trumpets, or 

drums. The musick of this pieee if 

tolerably good ; but seldom expresses 

those feefings with which we should 

be possessed, either as spectators or 

actors in a battle. It is only when 

such suitable feelings are excited that 

the imitation is interesting. The 

compositions of every man will bear 

a certain relation to his own mental 

character : he cannot excite what he 

has never felt. Both in the real ba^ 

tie, and this imitation, we are most 

pleased with Xht finale, 



ncwnt jfir vn :~Pt>r tbe Greek Ode, 

teprWi'TFortbe JUtin Ode, Ste/«c, 
nkiitrnfU* pietWt ItM* rvMiMte.'— For 


Doewrad to Gntt Britain and bcr AUIm, 
is tba.lku'kNiK-cafitctted wan with ' 
platM rrom dravinf* by the fli«t Altiiti. 
A.M«r jBditi*B of Jmn TAvvoat 
Pngwn-diSHeiitly ananctrir tf. Mr.'n*nden •n^MlUMd,'' iii 
a Mfitt «f letfaia lo.a (aCiuUilv: HU 
HiLLt; cumpriiinf a ToHT .flmcb (b« 
I«w Coitntiiei, ImMiUMfb M>ktcfWBt 
lu (hq Battle of WafAlM,' 
thirtf-iti ptatcl. 

Th« HilMn and Alttiqattliai of ft* 
Abbey Cbnrcb of St. Peiet-i. Wett^M^ 
■ur, lllDftrated with Fifty EnfftiTln(;i, 
arnr dnwlHg* bf n'v. J: l>. NmIb. TM 
DneriptiM, Hlnwiail,^a(Ml Bii%ei|ty>' 
cil Put>, by J. NouiB BanruL' Tab* 
eampletediBTen Psne. :-■ 

Pri>pou]> are eiralatadfarpubUehbijl 
b; iub*cripth)ii, K TraBUlction of tte Siit 
Book! o( PnocLua, on ths lltealoi^ of 
Plato ^ to wbtcb, a Seventh Ba4k wift 
be added, tn order to nipph tb* del*' 
eienpj of another book ou tliif >u^a«tr 
wblch wu written b^ ProcIiM, bnt tine* 
lott'i «Ua a traifBliltfon of PaOcLbfi''EleJ 
inenti of TbeOlogy. ' ByTVo»)AS Ti*v. 
Lon. — In theie tslunes ifili alio be in- 
rluded, by the Ume,' 9%HnlBaiuh<, of' 
the TrcKliM of PrecMi oa-'ftoridt^nce 
andfatei 4>f eatraoH frm bUIWatM' 
entitled Ten Doubla concMidnf Provt' 
d.;nee ; xnd of CBtrw:!* Ama bla {TiCatliri 
on the SubM*teue«'Ot Ertl) u p w ean n d 
in th* BibliDtheca Gmw of Fab«irJn«i : 

Mr. H. W*i-TU, ot HalnwK. ntar 
Vaidenbead,, has iuiied Prapa«al« fon 
publishing by Sahacriptivn, a Map of 
Windur Forest, enbraoiiig the counUy 
liouiided by t)it:. Tbaniesi th(i Lodd^ii^' 
Blnck Watfr River, and tbe great Bath 
and Weiti^rn Roads \ ti> be eoeraved in^ 
the best manner, upon two Sheett, on a 
Scale of Si Incbei (o a Mile, (|escrib)nr,. 
113 n«ll ibe lereral Properties, and Ib«ir 
RoHda, and oihpr prominent featiiref 

We are glad tu sfe by an Advertisa- 
nient on our Cuver, thatan opportunity 
is offered to the Publiuk of purtihuinc 
the " Abridgment of the Philosophical 
Trins net ions," at Leis than haU iu oti« 
eiiial Price. _ , , 

Dr. SpuRiHEiH bat Just tinUbed. a 
Course of Lectures on tbe Ptiyaiolocy of 

iAit> CuASLEaJ. Ltoh, 
~aC!bWI^.Oriktr«i, fc# Ua Diaertatlbn 
iMittaiJrilawlnc'Mbjeet, " Tbd dirtinet 
ftarfpcaaol RoMD and FaHb,"- which 

«ect ef tb* 
tor t(M pre- 
iM of tbe 

: For th|i. 

r'l Di^, thii 

' ertat- place t 

itit don. Sir 
I of tlw S»- 
f .nedal to. 

Mit by re- 
Jiei," print- 
ed lathe lutrolntteaf thePbilosdphi- 
eal TranuctioM. 

■uck'I M^t(»^.of JlertfordisblK- 

iy pew .Edition at V. Blobe'ij Hif-. 
lory ot (he Manor, and Manor House, 
«r Boutfa Winfietd, Derbytbife. 

TbeAacient and Modem Hiitory, Ac. 
of tUe Borough of Readins- By J. Man. 

Tbe HUtory aitd Antiquilie* of Bices-. 
trr.infM'OTdihire, mth an Inquiry into 
lh« HiMory of Alcbet'er, aCiiyofthe 
Dobani. Hy Ur. John Dunkin. 

IW Tbird and Iwt Section of P^rt If. 
■f Dr. CiAUE'iiTra«el»_Graece,Eeypt, 

Hw Pint Number of ibe new Edition 
«f Stkfhenb' GaEEK Thksauku*. 

Hr. ClUTrv'g Treatise un (be Cfimi. 
aal tAw uf England, with a copiou* cul-v 
laOLiM of Precedemi, in 3 vol*. 

Pnprrijtg /or ' 

Tb* Iflistory of tbe Kingdom ot Ha- 
»trtT, an4 of tbe Family of Bruiiswielt i. 
wttV a lltap and engraviiign, it about 
(• Ua'^ I^r. Okme, of Bond-. 
-"—Tti wbo alMi Intends publishing, '■' 

dience Of Medical and other ScientlB)^ 
c)niie« at Dublin. Some eminent Pro- 
fessors' of that Universliv, it is said; arfC 
inTesti)(aiinp this new Ducirine; 

A French paper states, that Id ibq 
course of the eieavntiuns at Pompeii, aW 
ancient Batliiiig-ruoiu was latplj '«!• 
pturcil, in »hKh were found an Antonintt 
and an Agrippa, of the sice of ti!«, anC 
of the finest workmanship. 

I 64 ] 


Oh seemg ih9 Head- 1^ Damti, engraoed 
by Mr» CkKDO^i'Jirom a Pieiure ^ Ba- 
PHABL, croumed with Laurfl, 
My Edward Lo>t» Tmvhlow* 
T*fly moalnifal face, cspreMire of kaeo 

l^ike pale and melaiididy Winter draim. 
Before 'my eyet bj Raf^iael'a pescil 

Declares a soul, that wat to misery pawn : 
WitberM with woe, yet darting kingly 

And the lean cheek laid out in tallow scorn, 
Methioks thou hast eeen Hell, thy sad 

desire, [Mom ! 

And passM between the ansber gates of 
Yet Hate and Envy wander'd by thy side, 
Beyond - the shallow boundary of the 

World: [bride: 

And Bantshnent was thy ongratefiil 
TheAee is thy lip with biUer aetito ccTrPd, 
And evVy look, alih<^oglr thy crown be 

Is full of grief, oblivion, and despair ! 
Bntsseis, Abo. 34, 1815. 

Lines on the hie Dr. Vimc^nt, 
Dean qf WasiiiiiisTBa. 
T)EATH triumphs o'er the lifelest clay 
that late enclos'd a Vincent*! soul : 
His spirit bows beneath the swi|r 
Which spurns mortality's oootroul. 

Lamented Shade 1 thy mind, fall fraught 
With wisdom and with lore profound, 

£nrich*d the' world with Learning's 
And ^hed the beams of Troth arotind. 

Thy name survives that monld'ring hand 
Which skilful trac'd the distant sea 

Ploughed by Nearchqs and . his band^ 
-Unsought^ ankiymu, till known by thee. 

The tomb enthrhies hit sacred diitt. 
But Virtue ciaipna immortal fame ; . 

And, Time, to Troth and Seience jutt. 
Shall cherish ViiiCBirr*t honoor'd nume. 


To Miss W. q/* Liverpool: 
Why Icdtt thee <* Enphrasiai*^ 
QO ask the Greek, twill iell tbea why 
The Scholar calts thee EuPHaAir. 

But ask ibe BoUtnki the tame. 
He 'II find a *flow'ret of the name. 
That modest, pencil'd, pure, afid bHght, 
Gives in delightfi^l d^^t delight ; 
And add, if tiee^j another ivasoil -r- 
It never blossoms oUt of teaton. 

The Poet ask, he 'If say hit Muse it 
Allow'd to call Ibee what the cbuset. 

A Chip of each of theie am I, 
And so I call thee EorRiusT. 
UangoUen, Jan. 1* J«T* If.DovAtTON* 

1%e foUmmg'Smi Trikttea^ m/Mh^Mii 
•a gral^ul Mmd tnoi adtfr«tiad, tn 18U» 
to4ke itUe Jotara pAi.ifBa, -Bit. 

(See LXXXV. ii. p« 388.> . . v. > 

^MID the red flash and the Ibvndtr of 

^^mr, [taaiMa?4^nk '| 

Thou ha»t stood ondiimayM, lib* Bd* 

And thy brow, for a trophy, ashibito tM 

Won, striving -with foet^ on tho CalpfaHi 

Thoa hast gatp'd 'aid the blazoof a liw« 

pical sky, - ■ [bravie^ 

Tbro' toils unrequited, tdH patient tM 

Yet a tweet little Chemb beheld tnmrik 

high, [breastedst the wave* 

. Whilst thoa lirontedst the canBOo, or 

She taw thee unthrinking pnftuing ihy 

way, [thy breatt ; 

By the light of the tpiric that gioWt in 

Andj to soothe what remains of the wah* 

derees day, [ing rett. 

She has built thee a bow'r for thy ev«*- 

Witb Comfort and Health sb^ bat foiled 

itaround^ [droo to enf^. 

And forbidden of Care the girli&iiwi. 

With the bright beapi 'of Honour iuVmn- 

^it is orowh'd, tiu'ceiltit. 

And Conscience and Peace ihall MAMlft 

To ttrive for a place on the' recorii of 
story» ., JDl^f^if 

It a boon ev'ry native of l^fnf^^mfi/f 
'Tit our birth-right to oouqoer — ^ b«t 
Angela might glory '. .- % 
To there in the toil of thy evening. Uti : 
The Naked to dothe, and the Himgry to 
fbed ; [cherish ; 

The Captive to firee, a»d the Orphmv to 
X)b, thit it thy evening task— •aad Ifaj 
meed — 
** Tbe bletting of hkn who wat remlf to 
perith." H, 

The Conehtsum ^^aaaoaiv NAciAvsaa's 

J^em, entitled *' Admomttone to Firgint," 

Transited frmn the Greek by H. S^BoVd. 

lyiTH «inMimtpoetion trtad life*a tlip. 

pery ground, [be lhiiad« 

And t>^ro i» word, and pore in thoi^ht 

Be ihou as Hesper mid the starry trahi| 

Tbe peaM mid gemt; the lily mi the 

./ plam ; 
Mid birds the dove ; the olive in the wood ; 
The calm that toiootht the bosom of tbe 
flood. * [ipmniy 

The world's unliallow'd joys, O Vhrflii» 
And unto Christ, thy radiant Bridegwon, 
turn. [bower. 

Lead h m, O lead htm, to thy ballow'd 
Where l^urity onfolda her tpotleot-floiser ; 
Where ev'ry oharm and dv'ry baantf 

Berc»igl pl aa wi t w^ mM iwnrt i l i pii tt . 

Med Poetry^' fir January, 1316. 


lAt him tliy briglift, Ibf dazzliog beauty 

•eej . [^5 

Let bim thj Lorer ai£l Illy firidegroofii 

Let bin alone be all ia all to tbee. 

Lo! ii» bittll ^wn thy maidtii Teil 


\ • .» 

' [bride; 

And 4eignld ta ^iM bit '^ll-^traoteendmg 
Eotbroii'^/'eaibrin'd; in oritot pearl ar- 

'■^ '"T»y^l •■"»■■ 
jM^iy*^beiKn^ and now far lovelier made. 
• Tliy tiord wfN bear- tbea 4o tiit eeat on 

Aaida|M«ad the bridal featt abovotbe sky; 
While dMilral angels, with aerial stiratns. 
And haav'Bty warblingt, fill the goldCfn 
- - plams. [I^#ers, 

Thy Lord will bear theo to his roseate 
Aadl wreathe thy bead with erer-bioomiog 

For thee the yuie-em|mrpled cap infiise 
With balm nectareoas and ambrosial 

dews ; 
Bid snored Wisdom*8 awfol page nnroll» 
And poor its radiance on thy MptOf^d 

soul. [ftn^> 

For here we faintly trace, with tiew oon« 
The veii'd effoigenoe of th> Almighiy 

Mind : [see 

Bat there 'twill prove our glorious lot to 
Tb^ unclouded blaze of nated Deity. 
This trail, this earthy frame will malt i&way , 
And the freed spirit drink the flood of day. 
Ye Youths and Virgins, who, with hal« 

lowM fire. 
Adore the Leader of th' angelic choir ; 
With hearts attunM, and voice sympho- 

nious, siog [King. 

The heavenly nuptials of your God and 
O bid your inteliectnal torches shine, 
The humble semblance of the light 

divine ; 
Let holy wordk and actions fan the fire, 
Till the pure flame to Heaven's pure flame 

And thou, O Triene Power, benign 

descend : [bend. 

Deign from thy threne, benignly deign to 
While we with awe invoke thee. Let thy 

beam [gleam : 

lUnme ua here with mild attemperM 
BntO, hereafter, may thy glory stream 
In all the splendour of its biiliiant rays, 
One flood of light, one clear reftilgent 

As Father, Word, and Spirit, fully shine. 
All great, all glorious, perfect, and divine. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 1. ' 

'PHB elegant little poem signed *' Oxo- 
oicMis,'' which appeared inyourMaga* 
sine fbr October^ bears a strikiiifr resem- 
blance in the tnrn of thought displayed in 
il l^saflM parts of the First Elegy of Tt- 
bnllws, and yet possesses a graceful- 
peculiar to itself. As that beautiful 
hM always been a great favourite 

of mine, I enclose an hombte transla- 
tion of it, the lirait of soma pf my lei*n 
honri^. -^ 

TiBVLLVs, Book I. £1. I. 
LET others pant ilMrgaldeaipatf» . 
And Tatt domaina of feftila*ioil ; •.* . 
An hnrnble, qniet life be mine. 
My hearth with biasing fisggoti ihhie. 
May Hope sot ddseaigiva ma Ibad^ ■■ 
And generous winelo cheermy blolod. - 
6a it ndiMt a Swain, (opiao|.tha vine^ 
Or spw with liberal hand the piae^ -; 
Nor blush to tend my fleecy eaf% 
Or urge with goad the lasy ateeri 
EmbMom'd bear the lambkins honsab 
Who, by their dams daeerted, roam. 

Lustrations yeairty bare are aadOk ^ - 
To geiitlatPales nuik-ia pajd -^ . '' 

The lonely trunk and ancient stane. 
In reverenea my gaHande orown — • ■■ 

From jnieylruiu of every h«a 

The 8heph«Ml-God reeeivas hit dn#r ' 

. Thee, Ceres, wheaten wraa|Lfai«««ity 
My gift- to grace thy tempU^gafte. 
/ And ya I who ampler riches kna«4^y 
liaras.! receive the offerins doo) 
I once devoted hecatambe, . . 
Now a amallcalf my state baeomar. 
Sea ! robad the Victim tho«i«anda ooom 
And shout, exulting, ** harvest heme." 
Be present, Gods ! nor scorn my least. 
Humble it is, bnt cleanly draat ; 
An ancieat shepherd form'd of earth 
Our drinking c«ips of little worth. ' 

Ye Thieves and Wolves, respect my 
And seek your prey from greater stock. 
I ask not for the bounteous stores 
Which Fortune gave my ancestors ; 
Content myliule corn to reap, 
When weaned taste a tranquil sleep; 
And whilst the tempests loudly roJl, 
To clasp the charmer of my soul i 
Or as ibe frigid shower pours; 
Gently to doze away the hours ; 
Be this my lot — be wealth tbeir share 
Who the rough waves intrepid dare. 
Inured to meet the approacliiag war. 
When the deep war-horn sounds from far. 

Sometimes my humble lot I hate. 
But more abhor inglorious state, 
More pfea^M to ^scape the dof -star's 

Prostrate beneath some leafy bower. 
Where cooling streamlets gliding by, 
Gently refresh me as I lie. 

Perish all gold and jewels rare. 
Before for me one weeping fair 
Shall anxious count the tardy time, 
While I roam on from clime to clime. 

By sea and land, Messala, toil 
I'o deck thy dome with hostile spoil, 

» ' ■ III ■ I.I I ■ ii 

* Tibullus was a partizan of Anthony's; 
and, on the accession of Augustus to 
power, was, with many others, deprived 
of his patrimony. 



Sdtci Poeiry^ /or JdiiMX^ry-f 1814. 

But me a beauteous maMI d«tftiii9 
At her proud gate id captive chains. 

Honour, my Delia, 's nought to rne, 
My wealth, my jc^y, Ihy glory, Ihee; 
I hail the name of tlottiful twain, 
My Delia's breast thall aoolh the pain ; 
With my own hands I 'II yoke ibci tteer^ 
Or tend my flock, be thou bill near ; 
Or clasp'd wit bio tby t«ttder arm». 
Sleep I far removed frofs rude aUrios. 

Can lordly coveh of TyrtAn dytf. 
Repay Love't unre<)uited tie } 
When njgbts are spent in sleeplirat aroe^ 
And useless tears inccssaot fl^iw, 
No sleep brings 'br<>idered tapestry, 
No sle«p the streamlet gliding by. 

O lorely fair* of iroo he 
Wbo for ru4«; bauLes barterM thee ! 
Thoug^fa captive squadrons pace before. 
And banners float on hostile shore. 
Or glittering o'er with high- wrought lace. 
He urge bis steed's impetuous pace. 

When my last hour of life may. come, 
Let thy JovM presence cheer my doom ; 
Let my cold dyiKg hand hold thee. 
My labt expihug sigh to see. 
When on the bed of Desih 1 lie, 
Delia nhall cheer my languid eye { 
tier sighs aod kis^f^s stay the 6re, 
As my cold btiif limbs press the pyre : 
And sigh site will — nnt steel that breast, 
No flint- atones in that bosom rest : 
No youih uor virgin thence shall bear 
Their cheeks uomoislen*d with a tear. 
But spare, my ahade — tear bot tfaro^e 

That lovely face which comfort mock^. ' 

Now lei u« love nhile time aliftas, 
Stern J>eaih draws near with darkenM 

Sullen Oid-A(?e creeps silently. 
And Love and Did- Age illagiee. ^ 
Now let lis court the playful loves. 
While broils and jokes no anger moves. 
In these I 'm brave. — Ye woiks of war. 
To fools give wound;}, from me be far I 
And give them wealih, whate'er it be. 
My Httle cot is wealth to mc. 

F. W. C. 

A Fragment. — St. Valentine's Day. 

'TnWAS night ; — Uie sun his course had 

While ev'ning sniik away in gold ; 
The busy hum. of day was o*er, 
HushM rti repose, and heard no more ; 
Quick-glancing thro' the darksome shad^. 
In silvery sport the moon«beaffus play'd. 
And. shot each opening bough between 
Such rays as dignified the scene. 

Just then, in silence, all alone, 
I wander'd, heard and seen by none. 
And harbonr'd in my pensive breast, 
A crowd of thoughts in Action dress'd ; 
Wheplo! a deep, n aj est ic sound, 
Cy distance mellow'd, tup'd aruand 

A aadly* flowing, ptaintlvt itr»tfi, 
Fii^t nobly loud, then soft agatii»' 

'L'ke fairy lutes on b'»f h ; 
Methonght 1 heard the trembling «ire» 
The notes of harps, Hoaecn, expirej 

Aod i-ii the breezes die: 
'Twas to i «^ 1 vUionary Ihroo^ 
Attemper'd sweet the tuneful song. 
And swept the chords with ^g«ra. light 
That glidlmer'd by the pile mOoil^^ : 
So si'ver-swcMet ibe aeceofs ruag; 
And mingled with the stave tbey 4aBg^ 
/'l\ras like the-pa«lkiDg Sdothern gftic; 

That rides on tinsel wing. 
While flow'ry beds thair sweetit eabldff . 
And to the stealing breeze tbeir perfaoi'dl 

odours flin^. 
Scarce had the prelude ceas'd to SMidd^ 
And spread its harmony around, 
It pavs'd awhile — 'twas silenot ftll> 
U ende^ in a dying fall : — 
Sudden the light aerial choir 
More slowly struck the sdlenra wire* 
LovB was the theme"— the strain 4iTiDe . 
Was claim'd by thee, St. Va(.iktinb ; 
My ear was charai'd -^ eaoh wtngjed' Fey 
Thus tun'd the sapred roundelay i 

All hail! Saint Valentine, 

Erer delighting. 
Who shall stand at tby shrine, 

* # * « • ♦ 

♦ ♦ ♦ * ♦". . 


Lines addressed to Miss C. Wt J. in hir 
Ninth Year, 
harp to Cecilia is strung ; 
Her modesty, sweetness, and gracf. 
In justice demand to be sung, 

Aod truth the fair image shall trace. 

For her's ia the blush of the rose, 
And her's is the purest of love ; 

The blush, that true innocence shews. 
The tenderness none can reprove. 

A nature so sweetly serene. 

None other can boast to poaeess.; 

Her graceful and elegant mien. 
The Graces tkemselves might coalMf. 

And her's is the grace of the mind, 
And praise that to merit is due, 

The treasore we rarely can find. 
The charm that will ever be new. 

• * ■ * 

Oh! SoV'reign Disposer of all. 

Who decke^t the btossomiog sfarn^,* - 
Let nothing unkindly beijall. 

Bur smile on this beautiful biid. . . 
July 25, 1815. B.' E. P. . 

_ ft 

Nunc de Napoleons BuonapaHtb. 

/~\MNIA vincebas : sperabaa oouiiet 
Caesar. < 

Omnia deflciunt : incipia eca4 nibit. 
• Sanna^rii EjiigmmmtUti^ Hk h LIfi 



ff^hne Diaths are recorded in our preceding Volume, 

CharocHr <f CttAHLEf Howard, Duht of 
I^o^olk,mhadi0dDe€, 16, 1815, «/..70. 
[A Hditr pArtieulai^ herd meutioDed, have 
Wen alreatiy grven in Park II. p. 631 of our 
precediog velumfl ; but vre rather choose 
to repeat them, thau disturb the con- 
nexion of the preseat article,] 

When the first Peer of the kingdom, not 
of the Blood Hoya), descends at a mature 
age fcothe grave^ the publick may naturally 
feel 80a^ interest in the delineation of bia 
character. ' Panegyric and detraction eqaally avoided. There is, in- 
deed, an affe and reverence due to the 
toinb, which inclines us rather to the first 
than to the last. Our enmities die away ' 
over the iqpnimate corpse; while, in 
their p\me, charity and regret spring np 
in the generous bosom. No severity, 
therefore, soch as sometimes gives an 
happy point to a sentence, and, on due 
occasions, inflicts a wholesome moral les- 
son» shall mark this article. 

The family of Howard, who have en- 
joyed a Dukedom (besides several other 
Peerages in its collateral branches) for 
more than three centuries, have been as 
well fertile in characters of high personal 
lustre, as of others only distinguished by 
their eccentncities, their weaknesses, or 
their crimes. The gallant and accom- 
plished Earl of Surrey, as eminent for his 
pootical genius as for his rank and titles, 
the victim of the capricious' and blood- 
thirsty tyranny of K. Henry VIII. reflects 
a glory on this House, with which every 
educated Englishman is familiar. To 
speak of ^is son, Duke Thomas, who was 
aacrificed to the intrigues of Queen Mary 
of Scotland, or of his great-grandson, 
Thomas, Earl of Arundel, the whimsical 
collector, whose portrait is so powerfully 
drawn by Lord Clarendon, would be to 
insuH the knowledge of the reader of 
English history. The aon of this prOnd 
Earl left a younger son, who was great 
grandfather of the Doke who closed bit 
life on Saturday, Dec. 16. The elder 
branch bed possessed the honours till 
1777, when the late Doke^s father, Mr. 
Charles Howard, of Qraystocht in Cum» 
berland^ succeeded. This branch >had 
diaplaj^d that fluctuation of principles 
which seeoM always to have been the cha- 
acteristic of the family. Earl Henry- 
Frederick, who died 1652, (son of £arl 
Thomas, the Collector of the Arundel 
Marbles)^ was succeeded by his iddest 
•on, Thomas, who was restored to the 
JPukedom of Norfolk 1664; and dying 
<3bmt, Mao. January, Jdlf. 


1 677, was succeeded by his brother Heiryi 
the 6th Duke, a man who is said by Evo« 
lyn to have grown dissolute after his first 
wife's death, and who died 1684, and left 
the succession to his eldest son Henry, 7th. 
Duke, who, unlike the general principles 
of his family, was a staunoh friend and sup- 
porter of the Revolution. He died 1701, 
set. 48, and was succeeded by his nephew 
Thomas, 8th Duke, who died 1754, and 
was succeeded by his brother Edwar^ 
9th Duke, a rigid Catholic, who di^ 
without issue 1777, st. 92. Here ended 
the eldest and lineal branch. 

Charles Howard, of Qraystock, fourth 
brother of Henry, 6th Duke, resided much 
■ at his house at Deepden, in the parish of 
Doricing, in Surrey. '* This house (says 
Aubrey) was not made for grandeur,' but 
retirement; a noble hermitage, neat> ele- 
gant, and suitable to the modesty and 
solitude of the proprietxM' ; a Christia% 
philosopher, who, in this iron age, lives 
up to that of the primitive times." He ^ 
died 1713. His son and heir,. Charles, 
survived only till 1720; and was buried at 
Dorking, leaving a son, Charles, who, in 
his old age, in 1777, succeeded his second 
cousin, Edward, as lOtb Duke. of Nor^ 
folk. He was of a litelrary turn^ but had 
led the life of a country gentlea»an, of a . 
singular cast, and is said to have in- 
dulged in many odd humours and caprices. 
He enjoyed the Dukedom nine years, and 
died in 1786. The alliances during this 
period of juniority had been scarcely bet- 
ter than obscure, as the names of Tat- 
tershall, Aylward, and Brockholes, will 
' indicate. 

The late Dnice was 21 before his &tber 
became presumptive heir to the honours ; 
(for it was not till 1767, that Edward, the 
nephew of Edwani, the lineal and 9th 
Duke, died at the age of 23.) His edu- 
cation had been narrow, and his habits 
far from such as connected him with the 
world, and high society. He had been 
brought up a violent Catholic ; but, when 
the titles devolved on his father, he con- 
formed, ard became a member of the 
House of Commons, where he took an 
active part 'in polities on the side of Mr. 
Fox: a pa?ty which he always actively 
and Kealoosly espoused to the last. 

It i" nit my purpose to pursue the de- 
tail oi ii.6 (^uliticah measures. In the 
House of Lords he took- an active, and, 
perhaps it may he said, pertinacious, 
coucem in the private business there. 
He hhd a mimtte and inexltaustible cu- 
riosity ^ 


Character of the late Duke of Norfolk. 


riosity, and took a pasiionate and capri- 
cious interest in the affairs of individuals, 
both personal and local. His talents are 
said, by those who knew him intimately, 
to have been quick, comprehensive, and 
sagacious ; but they surely wanted that, 
without which, talents are rather dangerous 
and offensive, than useful and ornamental; 
— they were not softened or liberalized 
by early education, or the native and ines- 
timable gift of tender or moral feeling. If 
they were acute, it was an hard and un- 
bending acutencss ! He had inherited 
some at least, if not a large portion, of 
the qualities ascribed by Lord Clarendon 
to his ancestor, Thomas Earl of Arundel. 
His mind was too much engrossed by the 
phantom of the exclusive greatness of the 
Howards; but it seemed as if he was not 
at his ease on this favourite idea ; he had 
a lively and never- sleeping jealousy of 
other families; he watched their preten- 
sions with a severe and prejudiced solici- 
tude, unbecoming the firm consciousness 
of the great family which he represented. 
Had his knowledge always been accurate, 
hie mind disciplined to survey and balance 
both sides of^^ the question calmly and 
tftrithnat internal induence, this tum, 
though somewhat beneath a great mind in 
a great station, might have been at least 
harmless. — But there are details, to 
which it is scarcely possible to believe 
that a great mind, having an opportunUy 
to exercise itself on great things^ can 
descend. There were other points in the 
Duke's character, which seemed to indi- 
cate an equally equivocal symptom of calm 
and well-founded elevation. A studied 
neglect of dress, even to a striking and gro- 
tesque singularity ; — to a rude inelegance 
proper for a low and penurious sphere of 
life ; — seemed a trap for petty distinc- 
tion — to excite inquiry, and then sur- 
prize by the answer. A Duke of Norfolk, 
with a vigorous mind and a powerful re- 
venue, wanted no artifices to secure 
respect, attention, and even wonder. 
Pleasure and gratification were so much 
within his power ; nay, exercises as vir- 
tuous as keen were so hourly within his 
reach, that if any one so circumstanced 
fihould seek after perverse and ungene- 
p-ous modes of superiority or enjoyment, 
it must (to speak mildly) excite some re. 
-gret at the weakness of human nature < 
The Low may be forgiven, though not 
justified, for envying the High ; but lofti- 
ness of station makes the generous heart 
treat those beneath it, not only wiihoat 
jealousy, but with a placid desire to soften 
and efl'ace the painful aud unworthy sense 
of degradation. 

There is a disciplined and considered 
manner due to different stations of life. 
Coarse, familiar, and apparently free and 
(qual tonf 8 of conversation, from men en- 

joying the most elevated rank, are bok 
traps to draw insults on the inconsiderate 
and unpractised members of inferior 
classes. Between familiarity and digni- 
fied ease there is a wide division. — Hof^-> 
ever agreeable some may esteem plain, 
direct, and downright expression, and 
consider it as the proof of a strong* and 
sound mind, there are at least high plaoM 
whic^ it does not become ; and where it 
argues narrow views, and even a blind 
rashness, rather than true wisdom. 

Political influence, and the command 
of a certain number of legislative seaU^ 
has often in this country been a favourite 
ambition with great Peers. They kave 
enjoyed the power which was the fmit of 
it; but few, like the late Duke of 
N******, have taken a pleasure in the 
means by which it was effected. His 
Grace loved . the roar, familiarity, firee- 
dom, and licentiousness of an election- 
ball and election dinners. This was a 
curious occupation for tbe^heir of the 
proud and lofty Howards and Mowbrays. 

The Duke had not read much ; and no- 
thing with a scbular-like attention and 
skill ; but his friends say, that he bad a 
natural penetration which enabled him to 
seize the piih of many books by a sUght 
glance at their contents. 

Negligent, and careless of outward 
shew, as some of the traits here delineated 
would seem to prove him, he was in truth 
the reverse. He kept up a great pomp 
and state in all his establishments ; he re- 
paired and adorned his country-seats ; he 
expended vast sums, though not in the 
best taste, on the venerable old Castle of 
Arundel ; he bought books and pictures ; 
and was zealously and sedulously atten- 
tive to every thing that could illustrate 
the history of his own family, which he 
regarded with such unlimited attachment 
that the most remote suspicion of alliance 
combined with the name, could always com- 
mand his good offices. An instance of 
this is the unhappy madman, of whom 
the newspapers are so often full, and who 
so often beset his Grace's door in St. 
James's-square. — This man, and hit 
father before him, have been humble de- 
pendants on the family ; and the Duke 
never ceased to employ every enquiry to 
ascertain their descent from the family ; 
but in vain. The only branch from which 
it is said to be possible for them to bava 
descended, is the Effingham branch. 

His Grace's person was short, thick, 
and far from elegant. His face was like 
that of the prints of Cardinal Howard, 
who was great uncle to his grandfather ; 
but immense whiskers, which he latteily 
buffered almost to overgrow his cheeks, 
gave* a roost uaccutb appearance to his 

^ IIm Doke*s patronage of literature con- 

1116.] Memoir of the late Hinry Tkornton, Esq. M. Pr 67 

sisted principally, I believe, in finding 
tbe means for printing two or three works 
ol Local Antiquities, such as Duncumbe's 
Herefordshire, and Daliaway's Sussex. , 

Sticb, as it appears to the present 
writer, was the last repre^ntative of tbe 
most anciem British Dukedom. Fancy 
loves to draw tbe heirs of old nobility in 
other colours. The herb, the orator, or 
the poet, . are characters which would bet- 
ter satisfy us in the descendant of the 
chivalrous, the .plaintive, the eloquent, 
and the gentle Earl of Surrey. But in 
the long lapse of ages what different 
tasks and duties are allotted to the same 
race ! 

The Duke's successor is the spn of .his 
second cousin, descended from the younger 
brother of his great-grandfather. A. Z > 

Part I p. 182. Henry Thornton, Esq. 
M. P. was the youngest son of the late 
John Thornton, esq. of Clapham, an emi- 
nent R«<isi«r merchant, of London and 
Hull; but far more distinguished byiiis 
almost unbounded charity and evangeli- 
cal zeal. His two other sons, who are 
representatives in parliament, one for the 
county of Surrey, and the other for the 
borough of Colchester, still survive ; as 
does his only claughter, the Countess of 
Xeven and Melville. Mr. H. Thornton 
received from his father early habits of 
piety, which succeeding^ years established 
and confirmed. Like the rest of his fa- 
mily, he chose a mercantile profession; 
and early in life became a partner in the 
banking-house of Down, 'fhomton, and 
Free, an establishment which his exertions 
soon rendered very flourishing. He like- 
wise retained a share in the commercial 
concerns of his father at Hull. These 
establishments engrossed neither the whole 
nor a principal part of his attention ; but 
they happily furnished him with the means 
of pursuing the benevolent turn of his 
mind, in relieving the wants of thousands 
by well-timed and discriminating charity. 
In or about 1782, he became member 
for tbe borough of Southwark, and con- 
tinued so till his death, having been re- 
turned eight times for that populous 
place. Though Mr. H. Thornton almost 
constantly supported the measures of 
administration during the late wars, yet 
be carefully guarded his own indepen- 
dence by receiving no direct favours from 
government, either for himself or his 
friends. Sincerely attached to the con- 
stitution, ' he gave his support to that 
branch of it which seemed to him most 
to need it, leaning to the democratical, 
monarchical, or aristocratical, as each 
seemed most in danger of losing its due 
weight in tbe scale. His love of civil and 
religious liberty was evinced by his in- 
variably voting for parliamentary reform^ 

upon a moderate plan, and for the repeal 
of those penal laws by which a very large 
part of the community are prohibited 
from holding any place, or exercising any 
ofilce, civil or military. His exertions ia 
favour of financial reform, by the reduc-* 
tion of sinecures or places held by 
deputy, were unremitting. Ht was not a 
mere nominal member of theFinanceCom- 
mittee, but an anxious, intelligent, and 
laborious co-operator in preparing its re- 
ports, and in forwarding that and every 
other measure of political pority. It is 
owing to bis individual oxertions that a 
new arrangement was made between Go- 
vernment and the Bank of England a few 
years since, by which 200,000/. was an- 
nually saved to the publicki Though the 
main designs of tbe Finance Coinmittee 
have hitherto not taken effect, Mr, H. 
Thornton, with the invariable steadiness 
of his character, continued to pursue his 
object with zeal. The great political ob- 
ject of his life has yet been unnotieed ^ 
that with which hie mingled his strongest 
hopes and fears, and which called forth 
his warmest and most constant exertions, 
and engaged his attention from an earlx. 
period of his life to its lamented close. 
Upon a due consideration of the merits 
of those excellent persons who contributed 
to rescue tbe British name from the stain 
of African slavery, few will be found en- 
titled to higher praise than Mr. H. Thorn- . 
ton. Should the exertions of Thomas 
Ciarkson and Mr. Wilberforce, or of the 
distinguished statesmen who brought the 
influence of government to bear upon 
this question in the year 1806, ocQupy 
the first place in the grateful recollection 
of the friends of Abolition, the next will 
be readily conceded to Mr. Thornton. 
Upon this subject he repeatedly spoke in 
Parliament, and out of doors bestowed 
on it hi^ time, his attention, and his ta- 
lents; and at the same time contributed 
largely to the pecuniary demands of the 
Sierra Leone Company, the Africaii In- 
stitution, and every other plan set oo 
foot, which really or nominally tended to 
promote the improvement and civiliza- 
tion of the negroes ; and this to an ex- 
tent only kn>>wn to those who were tbe 
witnesses of his activity. In short, there 
was no measure which had the welfare 
of his species for its object, *« where'er 
mankind and misery are found,'' which 
did not meet in him a supporter, either 
by money or personal attention, and fre** 
quently by both. The dissemination of 
the Holy Scriptures abroad, and the 
means of acquiring a knowledge of them 
at home, by tbe new method of teaching, 
were greatly encouraged by him. Im- 
portant as these topics were, and deeply 
as they pressed upon his attention, a 
habit of never waiting any considerable 



Memoir of the Btif. Dr. Claudius Bachanftii. [Xaa^ 

portion of bis time, enabled him to oul* 
tWate ?ark>as branches of knowledge, 
and particularly the science of political 
economy, with great success. The sus« 
peasion of cash payments by the Bank of 
Sngland drew the attention of all oscono- 
mists to this subject; bat Mr. Thornton's 
work contains the largest portion of new 
information that had for a long time been 
offered to those who are engaged in re- 
searches of political Oiconomy. From the 
period of its pu]>lication in 1802, <* The 
^quiry into the Nature and Effscts of 
the Paper Credit of Great Britain," has 
maintained its reputation, and was re- 
peatedly referred to as an authority. On 
that much agitated point he likewise spoke 
in Parliament, and communicated the 
substance of his speeches to the pubfick in 
a pamphlet, abounding in useful know- 
ledge, as well as cogent argument. In 
all these discussions he had a manifest 
advantage over bis friends and foes, the 
union of the practical information of a 
banker, with the clear views of the man 
of science and philosopher. The works 
abave-mentioned, togeUier with a letter 
to his constituents on the subject of Par- 
liamentary Reform, in which he opposes 
the mare extended plans of Sir F. Bur- 
d^tt, are the only publications bearing 
bis name. Mr. H. Thornton married, in 
1.796, the only daughter of Joseph Sykes, 
esq. of West Ella, a lady well qualified 
to assist in ail his charitable and beoe- 
Tolent designs, and to be the partner of 
such a husband ; and he left her and 
a numerous offiipring to lament his loss 
and profit by the recollection of bis 

Part I, p. .189. The Rev. Dr. Claudius 
Buchanan left England in 1796 for the 
East Indies, where he for several years.held . 
the office of vice- provost of the College 
of Fort William, Bengal j and particularly 
distinguished himself on his return by the 
zeal which he manifested for the intro- 
duction and propagation of the precepts 
of Christianity among the natives of the 
East. In 1804, he gave 300 guineas to 
the University of Cambridge as a prize 
for the best English prose dissertation on 
the best means of civilizing the British 
Empire in India, and of diffusing the light 
of religion among its inhabitapts : it was 
adjudged to the performance of the Rev. 
James Bryce, which was printed in an 8vo 
volume in 1810. From the following list 
of Dr. Buchanan's publications it will ap- 
pear that most of them originated in the 
same laudable solicitude for the conver- 
sion of the Heathen : — " Memoir of the 
Expediency of an Ecclesiastical Establish- 
ment in British India," 4to. 1805. " The 
Star in the East," a sermon delivered in 
the Church of St. JaaMs> Bristol, for the 

benefit of the Society for Missions to 
Africa and the East, June 13, 1809« 
<* Three Sermons on the Jabil^/' Svo« 
1810* '* ▲ Sermon preaohed befoitt tiM ' 
Society for Missions to Africa and tli9 
East, June 13, 1810." *< Christian lU- 
searches in Asia," Svo. 181 U **- Thm 
Three Eras of Light," being tWodisoonrsM 
preached before the University of Cam- 
bridge, July 1, 1810." 8vo. lau. <• Tfe 
Healing Waters of Bethesda," a serBOO 
pieachad at Buxton, 1811. *< Sermons on 
interesting, subjects." 8vo. 1818. <* A 
Brief View of the Stote of the CokNues«f 
Great Britain and of her Asiatic Empira 
in respect to Religion and Instruction.'* 
Svo. 1813. " A Letter to the Hon. East 
India Company, in reply to the StatementB 
of Charles Buller, e«q. M. P. oonceniiag 
the idol Juggernaut," Svo. 1813, About 
three years since, Dr. Buchanan arinooac* 
ed his intention of visiting Palestine nA 
Syria for the purpose. of ascertaining the 
state and wants of thf^ Christians hi those 
parts; and at the time of his death, wrbicb 
bapplened on the 9th of February, 1815,-Im 
was actually engaged in superintending an 
edition of the New Tesument ia Syiine 
for their use.— See several curious parti- 
culars of Dr. Buchanan in our volume 
LXXVL pp. 11, 155, 319, 361, 536. 

Part I. p. 566, The late Sir Sam. Hood 
was born in 1762 ; and as tbe sea was tiM 
element on which his relations had attaie- 
ed distinction, he attached biokself als6 to 
the naval service of his country. Afttr 
passing through the subordinate grada- 
tions, he was, in 1783, advanced to tbe 
rank of master and commander, and wan 
present in the Renard at tbe glorious vio* 
tory achieved by Lord Rodney on the Iftk 
of April in that year. In 1785, henna 
employed in surveying the coast of Nom 
Scotia, and for his activity in that service 
was raised to post rank. In 1791, cem- 
raanding the Juno of 32 guns on the Jla- 
maica station, he exhibited a noble in- 
stance of intrepidity and humanity. Tbe 
ship was lying in St. Anne's harbour, wtien 
a raft with three persons upon it was dis- 
covered <at a great distance. The weather 
was exceedingly stormy, and the waves 
broke over the raft with such violence at 
to leave little hope that the unfottnoete 
men upon it could long survive ip that 
awful situation. Capt. Hood instaally 
ordered out one of his ship's boats to en- 
deavour to rescue them ; but the |ea ran 
so high that the crew declared the atteospl 
impracticable, and refused to expose them- 
selves to what they supposed certhin de- 
struction. The Captain immediately leap- 
ed into the boat, declaring tbnt he would 
never order them on any service on wMeh 
he ivould not himself venture. Tbe eflfect 
was fuch as might be>expected : those who 



Memoir 4ff the Ute Sir Samuel Hood. 


before hiiD|; back, preMed fonmrd as ro- 
iMiteers; the boat reached the raft with 
maeh difficulty, and saved the exhausted 
men who still dung to it. The House of 
Aasembly of Jamaica, to testify their iense 
of this vndannted exertion in the cause of 
hnmanity, presented him with a sword 
marth 200 guineas. On his return from 
tba'West Indies he served in the same ship 
is the Mediterranean, under his noble re- 
lation Lord Hood. A few dasrs after the 
eracnation of Toulon, the Juno, whose 
commander was ignorant of that event, 
entered the port, and proceeded for the 
inner barbont, where she grounded. No 
Booner was this circumstance discovered 
hf the enemy, than a boat was sent oo 
board to take possession of the ship. 
Thoogh the orew of this boat endeavoured 
to confirm Capt. Hood in his mistake, 
their drest and- language opened his eyes 
to his critical situation. His resolution 
was promptly takon. Hav i ng oecu red the 
men who had come to make him prisoner, 
and suddenly tacked, be worked his way 
ont of the harbour in spite of the batteries, 
which opened upon him, and escaped, to 
the utter astonishment of the enemy. 
Capt. Hood waa afterwards engaged in 
tbe reduction of Corsica, and subsequently 
promoted to the Zealous, of 74 guns, one 
of the ships sent out to reinforce the Earl 
o€ St. Vincent, after his splendid victory 
o^r the Spanish fleet in 1797. Captain 
Hood was dhrect^ by his Lordship to 
place himself'oader tbe orders of Rear- 
adm. Nelson, to whom he had given the 
tfsmmandof a force destined to act against 
. the island of Teneriffe. On the failure of 
this attempt, Capt. Hood rejoined the 
commander-in-chief off Cadiz, and on the^ 
Mtum of Nelson from England, in 1798, 
the Zealous was one of the ships dispatch- 
fid by Earl 9t Vincent, to watch the mo- 
tions of the French fleet, then equipping 
art Toulon. To the destructioo of that 
fleet at Aboukir, Capt. Hood largely con - 
tribnted. Whan the victorious Admiral 
quitted the coast of Egypt, he left Capt. 
Hood with a squadron to block up the 
port of Alexandria, and 'to intercept any 
supplies which might be sent to the 
Preuch army. In 1799j Capt. Hood was 
engaged in expelling the French from the 
Heapolrtan territory, and landed with a 
detachment of seamen to garrison Castle 
Nuovo, and tu keep good order in Naples. 
For his zeal and good conduct on this oc- 
casion, the King of Naples conferred on 
him the rank of a Commander of the Order 
of 8t. Ferdinand and Merit. On his re- 
turn to England from the Mediterranean, 
Capt. Hood was removed to the Coora< 
:getix, a fine new ship, of 74 guns, in which 
br joined the Channel Fleet, then com- 
umndod by the £arl of St Vraceot. In 

January, 1601, he was removed to the Ve- 
nerable, and sent to reinforce a squadron^ 
under Sir J. Saumarez, off Cadiz. In the 
action which took place between thia 
squadron and the cotnbined French and 
Spanish force, under Linois; the iotrepl* ^ 
dHy of Capt. Hood was eminently conspi- 
cuous, his ship having 18 killed and ST 
wounded. The suspension of hosUtitiea 
put a period, for a time, to the profes- 
sional exertions of Capt. Hood. On their 
recommencement, in 1803, he was ap- 
pointed commander-in-chief on the Lee- 
ifrard Island station, with the rank of Com- 
modore, and hoisted his broad pendant on 
board the Centaur, of 74 guns. On his 
arrival there, he concerted measures with 
Lieut.-gen. Grinfield, for the reduction of 
the enemy's colonies, and St Lucia was 
the first conquest achieved by theiir united 
exertions. They then directed their arms 
against the Island of Tobago, and on its 
reduction proceeded to the Dutch colonies 
of Demerara, Essequibo, Berbice, and 
Surinam, which submitted to the British 
arms. For these services Commodore 
Hood was honoured by hrs Sovereign with 
the Order of the Bath, in 1804; and 
shortly after married, at Barbadoes, the 
Hon. Miss M'KeUzie, daughter of the late 
Lord Seafbrth, the Governor of that Island. 
Sir Samuel quitted the station where he 
bad commtinded with such honour to him- 
s&lf and advantage to his country, and re- 
turned, in 1805, to England, whdre he 
soon afterwards received tbe appointment 
of Colonel cf the Woolwich division of 
Royal Marines. At the begimiiugof 1806, 
he was appointed to bis former ship, the 
Centaur, and was dispatched with a small 
squadron to watch Rochefort. Here he 
fell m with a squadron of French frigates, 
with troops on board, which was attempt- 
ing to escape from that port, fn the ac- 
tion which ensued, the brave English Com- 
mander received a severe wound in his 
right arm, which rendered amputation ne- 
cessary^ but he had the satisfaction to 
carry one ship of 46, and three of 44 guns, 
as prizes, to England. Ou account of the 
loss of his arm. Sir Samuel was gratified 
(as is usual in such'casies) with a pension 
of 500/. per annum : he was elected in the 
same year Reprelsentative in Parliament 
for Westminster, afterwards for Bridport, 
and created a Barouiet In 1807, he bore 
a part in the expedition agaiust Cdpen- 
hagen ; and a few years afterwards Was 
appointed to the chief command io India, 
where, in Dec* 1814, he terminated a life 
gtoriour>ly spent in the servi(fe of his King 
and Country. 

The following strictly just and most 
bonouri^ble tes<imony borne to the ex- 
cellent worth of this gallant^ distinguish- 
ed, and lamented officer, appeared in 



Memoir of the late Sir Samuel Hood. 


the Bombay Courier of the 7th of Ja- 
nuary, 1815: 

** Sir Samuel Hood had raised himself so 
high in the public estimation by the num- 
ber and importance of his services ; had 
shown himself so admirable in the con- 
duct of every enterprise in which he had 
been engaged ; was still so young in years; 
so unbroken in spirit ; and so thoroughly 
possessed of the enthusiastic admiration, 
and entire confidence of every man in his 
profession, that his loss cannot be consi- 
dered otherwise than a severe and irre- 
parable misfortune to his country at large; 
and to those who have had a nearer view 
of his excellence, who have servtd under 
his command, or have lived in his society, 
bis death is unspeakably afflicting. He 
possessed in a peculiar degree the qualifi- 
cations which form a great Commander : 
to the calmest and most accurate judg- 
ment, he added a presence of mind, and 
rapidity of perception under every change 
of situation, that enabled him to turn 
every event which arose even out of un- 
foreseen difficulties and dangers, to the 
purpose he had in view. In common with 
Nelson, he was anxious and impatient 
while th^e remained a doubt that the foe 
could be grappled with ; but, when the bat- 
tle began« his matchless intrepidity, his 
coolness, and the precision with which all 
his orders were given, difi'used a confi- 
dence that was uniformly attended by 
victory. But it was not only on these 
great and trying occasions that he proved 
himself one of the best officers in the ser- 
vice : he was eminently skilled in every 
branch of his profession, whether scientific 
or practical. He was intimately versed iu 
Astronomy, as connected with navigation 
and geography; in ship-building, in forti- 
fication, and in all branches of mechanical 
philosophy. He studied, without any ex- 
ception, the languages. Jaws, and customs 
of every country that he visited. His 
strong natural taste fur scientific inquiry, 
and an unbounded curiosity to see every 
thing with his own eyes, were kept in per- 
petual action by the belief that these ac- 
quisitions of knowledge might one day be 
useful to his country. That they did 
prove so, those Who are acquainted with 
his life can amply testify. His surveys of 
the coasts in North America recommended 
him to early notice as an excellent sur- 
veyor : the bold and original idea of forti- 
fying the Diamond Rock at Martinique, 
and the immediate execution of it— • 
proved him to be a skilful engineer. The 
extraordinary defence of Salerno with a 
few marines opposed to an army ; bis 
capture of Tobago, St. Lucia, Demarara, 
&c. &c. ; his decision after the failure at 
TeuerifiVj-^all exhibit him as an able Ge- 
neral. His gallant capture of a Russian 
ship of the line, In presence of the Russian 

fleet, followed by his politic and concilia- 
tory self-denial in sending the flag which 
he had just taken, to the King of Sweden, 
as if it had been a trophy of the Swedish 
arms ; and some years before, his com- 
munications with the Governors and Pa- 
chas in Syria, and innumerable other hi- 
stances, place him high as a Statesman 
and a Negociator. The leading cireum^ 
stances of his naval life it is needless to 
particularise, as they are fresh in the re- 
membrance of alt, and have become part 
of the history of his country : his memory, . 
like that of Nelson, with whom he acted ia 
some of his most trying and most glorious 
days, will for ever be held sacred in that • 
profesuon to which he devoted nearly 40 
years of his life. The unaffected modesty 
and simplicity of one who had filled so 
great a space in public adroiratiofn, wag 
not th^ least remarkable part of his cba-' 
racter : he had the rare felicity, even to 
his latest years, to preserve undhninished. 
the vivacity of youth, and that taste for 
simple pleasures which so seldom survive 
a mixed and active intercourse with the 
world. The charm which this happy feel- 
ing communicated to his conversation and 
society, had something in it irresistibly 
pleasing. He was no less the delight of 
his friends 4han the pride of his country. 
With a mind of this temper we may easily . 
Qpnceive the warmth of all his domestic 
feelings — but we forbear to enter minute- 
ly into the sacred privacy of domestic life.' 
Blest in tbe society of a mind worthy of 
his own, he was perhaps one of the /ew 
men, who in dying would scarcely have 
wished to change any ^circumstance of his 
public or private life.'* 

Part I. p. 570. Mr. William Nicholson 
was bom in 1753, iu London, where his 
father practised the Law, as a solicitor in' 
the Inner Temple. The son received his 
education at a school in the North of York- 
shire ; but at the age of sixteen he entered 
into the £ast India service, in which he 
made two voyages before the year 1779. 
He was afterwards employed in the coun- 
try trade in India; but in 1776, he was en- 
gaged on the Continent as a commercial 
agent to the late Mr. Wedgewood. Soon 
after this he settled in London, and be- 
came a teacher of mathematicks ; to 
which profession he added that of an A«- 
thor, translating from the French with 
great facility, andpublisbing,besides many 
useful compilations of his own, chiefly on 
historical and scientific subjects. In 1781, 
he printed an <' Introduction to Natural 
Philosophy,"fin two volumes octavo; which 
work was so well received, as to supersede 
Rowning*8 System of Natural Philosophy, 
which bad long been an elementary book 
for students. Tbe year following, Mr. 
Nicholson published a new edition of 



1^16.] .. Memoir of the late Mr. WUliam Nicholson. 


Ralph's Survey of .the Public Buildings of 
Loadoii and Westminster, with addilioos. 
This work was succeeded in 1783 by a 
transUtioD from the French of the History 
of Ayder Ali Khan, Nabob Buhader, cr 
New Memoirs concerning the East Indies { 
with historical notes, in two voiumet 
kro,. In 1784, our Author brought out his 
** Navigator's Assistant, containing the 
theory and practice of Navigation ^'^ in 
one volume octayo. This compendium of 
a most useful science was. intended to sup- 
plant that very superficial though popular 
book, " The Practical Navigator," by 
John Hamilton Moore. It happened, how- 
ever, unfortun»teiy, that Mr. Nicholson's 
work was too refined and laboured for the 
class of persons to whom it was addressed; 
and therefore it is not much to be wondered 
at that this As:»i$tani was neglected ; while 
the easy treatise of Moore, which gives 
the conclusions without reason, and lays no ' 
tax upon the judgment or the memory, still 
continued to hold its ground. In 1786, we 
find Mr.. Nicholson publishing " An Ab- 
stract of the Arts relative to the exporia* 
tion, of Wool ;'* to which subject he was 
led by his acquaintance with the clothiers. 
The next year he printed a "Review of 
the Controversy, between Kirwan and the 
French Academicians on the subject of 
Phlogiston;" and in the Philosophical 
Transactions for the same year, is a paper 
of his containing ** The; principles and il- 
lustration of a method of arranging the 
differences of Logarithms, on lines gradu- 
ated for the purpose of computation." In 
the following volumes of the Transactions, 
are two papers, of Mr. Nicholsou'ii, one 
" The description of an Ipstrument which 
produces the two states of electricity with- 
out friction, or communication with the 
earth ;" the other, " Experiments and 
Observations on Electricity." In 1788, 
appeared his translation of Fourcroy's Ele- 
ments of Natural History and Chemistry, 
in four volumes octavo ; ,to which, the 
year following, be addjed a supplemental 
volume ** On the first principles of Che-!* 
mistry." In 1790, Mr. Nicholson trans* 
lated from the original manuscript, " Me- 
moirs and Travels of the Count de Ben- 
yowbky," two volumes, quarto. The next 
year came out the translation of ChaptaPs 
Elements of Chemistry, in three volumes 
octayo. In 1792, an agreement was en> 
te red into, between Mr. Nichplson, then 
iivin^r in Red L>on-square, and Captain 
William Locker, of the. toy a4 navy, the pa- 
tron of Nelson, by which the latter gentle- 
man engaged to put all his naval manu- 
scripts into Uie hajids of the former for ar- 
rangement, selection, ami publication^ 
but the design, on^ some account or other, 
was relinquished ; thuuj^h that valuable 
collection afterwards proved the basis of 
Mr. Charuock's " BiographiaNafalis." In 

1795 appeared «« The Dictionary of Che. 
mistry," in two quarto volumes ; and, two 
years afterwards, the edition of his " Jour- 
nal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and 
the Arts ;" which was printed originally 
in the quarto form, but was afterwards 
changed to the more portable one of an 
octavo. About the year 1799, he opened 
an establishment in Sobo for twenty pupils^ 
whi^h .institution ke carried on several 
years; but it at last declined, chiefly ow- 
ing, as we believe, to the attention pdid 
by Mr. Nicholson to other objects ; par- 
ticularly the West Middlesex Water Works, 
the plan of which originated with him, as 
aUo did that for the supply of PorismouUi 
and Gosport. He was also engaged in a 
similar undertaking for the borough of 
Soutbwark; and besides these different 
concerns he lookout patents for some me- 
chanical inventions. In 1799, he printed 
a work translated from the Spanish, ** On 
the Bleaching of Cotton Goods, by oxy«- 
genated muriatic acid ;" and, in 1801, ap- 
peared " A general System of Chemical 
Knowledge, with a set of synoptic tables 
from the French of Fourcroy,** in two 
vols, octavo, and one in folio. In 1808, 
he printed " A Dictionary of Chemistry," 
in one closely^- printed volume octavo; 
and this was followed by another work 
with his name, intituled " The British En- 
cyclopedia," in six volumes octavo. This 
work was undertaken by the London 
booksellers, in opposition to one then pub- 
lished under the name of Dr. George Gre- 
gory; and it is a curious fact, that the per- 
sons to whom they are ascribed had little, 
if any share* in the compilations;, and that 
both, though rivals, were exepnted by the 
same hand. Mr. Nicholson was at this 
time in difficulties, and on that account 
the lending of his name was not, much to 
be censured ; but the case was very dif<* 
ferent on the oth^r side, as the reverend 
editor had not long before been presented 
to a very valuable crown living, as a re- 
ward for writing some pamphlets in favour of 
the ministry, in 1810, Mr. Nicholson had 
SQine dispute relative to the work in which 
be was employed, as engineer to the Port- 
sea Island Water Work Company, on which 
he published *' A Letter to the Proprietors 
of the, Porisea Water Works, . occasioned 
by an. application made to them by the 
Assigns under an act fur bringing water 
from Farliiij,'ton." This truly ingenious 
and indefatigable man shared the common 
fate of projectors, to be continually em- 
ployed without enjoying any material ad- 
vantage from his'labours. Though inces- 
santly occupied in. useful concerns, and 
ardent in promoting the interests of sci- 
ence, he was generally embarrassed in his 
circumstanc'.s ; and, notwithstanding his 
uncommon industry, be lived in trouble^ 
and died poor. 


72 - Mrs. Monsell. -—«$'»• B. Harwood. — Reo. Dr. Wynne. [Jan; 

Fartn.p.571. Died, Dec. 5, at Windsor, 
Berks, Anne, the wife of William Monsell, 
•sq. formerly of tbe 29ih ref imeat, and 
second danghter of tbe late Peter Orme- 
rod, esql Throughout her piovs and 
virtuous life, this lady most sorupulously 
fuKitled every retigioas, moral, and so- 
cial duty. In her demeanoar she was 
graceful and dignified, with the most gen- 
tle and conciliating manners, a correct 
judgment, and refined taite, and every 
endowment and acquirement, mental 
and personal, constituting the accom- 
plished gentlewoman. In her placid 
and serene countenance, the benignity of 
her mild and affectionate disposition was 
impressively and very peculiarly de- 
picted. She supplied the wants of the 
indigent, soothed and alleviated the suf- 
ferings of the afflicted, and in whatever 
shape misfortune or distress presented, it- 
self to her view, she promptly afforded re- 
lief. To her disconsolate husband and near 
relatives her loss is irreparable \ and 
she will be long and deeply deplored by 
all who had the happiness of her acquaint- 
ance. Her funeral, agreeably to her own 
desire, was private, attended only by rela- 
tives and a few select friends. Her re- 
mains were deposited in a family vault 
ia the Dean's Cloister, at tbe East- end of 
St. George's Chapel, in Windsor Castle. 

Vol. LXXXIV. Part U. p. 605. Sir Bu- 
sirk Harwood, Profei^sor of Anatomy in 
the University of Cambridge, and Pro- 
fessor of Pby»ick in Downing College, 
died Nov. 10, 1814, at his lodge, Downing 
College, after a long illness. His medical 
and cbirurgical abilities are very gene- 
rally known. In early life be had been 
a surgeon in India, and com menced his 
career as a physician, under the immediate 
auspices of the late Dr. Glynn, who had 
the highest opinion ef, and warmest friend- 
ship! for him, which continued unabated 
till tbe death of that venerable and good 
man, who left him his manuscript cases 
and other memorials of his affection.— 
As a physician. Sir B. Harwood*s skill was 
resorted to in all extreme cases ; and it 
can only be properly estimated by those, 
whom, with the divine blessing, he bad 
rescued from a premature grave. His 
own illness was a most severe and painful 
one; and that veil which Providence in 
mercy throws over human sufferings was 
in his case, from his profession, necessarily 
withdrawn, and he anticipated tbe tortures 
that awaited him. Yet bis friends, aud he 
had many most sincere ones, will rejoice 
to hear, that the comforts of religion irra- 
diated his last hours ; and that, turning to 
his God and Saviour, be found in those 

divine traths which in early youth had 
been deeply impressed on bis mind, tbai 
consolation and support which wit and' 
reason only are powerless to bestow. Hii 
enemies, and from his unguarded coover- 
sation he had enemies, tht>ogfa, could they 
have known the real kindness of his hearty 
they would not have reovarned saoh, Biay 
learn at last to copy from him ; and, aa 
Christians, must rejoice in the idea tbatthct 
death- bed of such a man was indeed th# 
death-bed of a Christian. And let thoatf 
who are now entering into lifSe eonaidet 
that his religious feelings and hopes were 
neither influenced by weakness or faaati«* 
eism, for his mental faculties were udini* 
paired by his bodily suff'erlngs, and 
Stronger sense few men were blessed with. 
Let themt devoting their time and talenti 
to their Maker and Redeemer, find that 
** peace which the world cannot give," 
i^nd those hopes it cannot take away. 

Vol. LXXXIV. Part 11. page 608. b. 
The Rev. Lottrell Wynne, LL. D. Was 
descended from, and alHed tO| several very 
respectable families. For 38 y^irs he 
held the valuable Rectory of St Erftie, ia 
Cornwall, a benefice in his own disposal, 
as annexed to h'^s manor of Polzue, and 
which he resigned about eleven years 
since in favour of the Clergyman who bad 
served it as his Curate during that period. 
This was the only ecclesiastical prefer- 
ment that he ever possessed : fiM*, though 
he was familiar with the great, be had a 
mind too independent to solicit their pa- 
tronage. The education which he re- 
ceived at Eton and at Oxford (where 
he was for a long time fellow of All 
Souls College), he improved by subse- 
quent study, and by his travels in varioat 
parts of Europe. Having lived chiefly 
among the higher ranks of society, he 
acquired a correct judgment, and an ex* 
qnisite taste in the polite arts. In tbe 
Classics, and in every part of the Belles 
Lettres, he was eminently versed ; and he 
also possessed a general knowledge of the 
Sciences. With these accomplishments 
his powers of conversation were such as 
to render him the delight of all who knew 
him, and these were not a few. Nor 
were the good qualities of his heart in«* 
ferior to those of his head : in the dis^ 
charge of his relative duties, he was 
highly exemplary. His ear and hiapnrit 
were ever open to the indigent and dis- 
tressed: and every public charity, that 
had uny fair claim on his attention, ex- 
perienced bis liberality and support. £d^ 
ward William Stackhouse, esq. one of bis 
nearest relations, his esecator, sneeeeds 
bim in his estates. 


[ 73 ] 


Dec, 2. A Supplement to this night's 
Gazette contains a copy of the Conven- 
tion concluded between this Country and 
Prance, relative to the liquidation of the 
claims of British subjects on the French 
government; one article of which stipu- 
lates that those who have any such claims, 
and residing in Europe, are to bring for- 
ward their claims, and produce their titles 
witbiu three months-— «ix months for those 
in the Western Colonies — and twelve 
months for such as are n sident in the Kast 
Indies, or in equally distant Colonies; 
after which periods his Majesty's subjects 
will no loager be entitled to the benefit of 
the Convention. 

Dec. 16. This Gazette contains two 
Proclamations : the first appointing the 
18th of January to be observed as a 
day of General Thanksjs^iving in England 
and Ireland for the re-establishment of 
Peace with France ; the second appoint- 
ing the observance of the same day in 

H^at-qffice, Dec. 23. The Prince Re- 
gent has been pleased to approve of the 
undermentioned Regiments being per- 

mitted to bear on their colours and ap- 
pointments, the word " Waterloo,'' in 
commemoration of their distinguished ser- 
vices on the 18th of June, 1815 :— ^ist and 
2(1 Life Guards, Royal Horse Guards, Ist' 
Dragoon Guards, Royal Dragoons, 2d 
Royal North British Dragoons, 6th Regi<. 
ment of Dragoons, 7ih, 10th, Uth, ISth^ 
13th, 15th, 16th, I8th, and 23d Regir 
ments of Light Dragoons, Royal Waggon 
Train, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers,. 
1st apd 2d German Light Dragoons, Ist 
and 3d German Hussars, 2d and Sd Bat- 
talion Grenadier Guards, 2d Battalion 
Coldstream Guards, 2d Battalion 3d Foot 
Guarls, 3d batt. Royal Scots, 1st batt. 
4th, 3d batt. 14th, 23d, Ist- batt, 27ib, 
2S{h, 2d batt. 30th, 32d, 33d, 1st bate 
40th, 42d, 2d batt. 44tb, 51st, 5^id, 2d' 
batt. 69th, 1st batt. 71st, 2d batt. 73d, 
1st bati,79th, 92d, Ist batt. 95th, 6 com- 
panies 2d bait. 95th, and 2 comps. 3d 
Gat. 95th Regiments of Foot, Royal Staff 
Corps, 1st and 2d German Light Batta- 
lion, 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 8th Ger-' 
man Line Battalions, and the German Ar- 


LavaJeUe^s Escnpe. — Of the various ac- 
counts of this transaction, the following 
appears to be nearest the tiuUi: — Just 
previous to the King's going to mass, ou 
the 18ih ult., a gentleman and lady pre- 
sented themselves to the national guard 
who was on duty at the door of the Sa- 
loon of the Marshals, and wanted to go in. 
They were prevented. After some words 
had passed, the Marquis de Bartiilac, 
an officer of the King's guard, appeared, 
who recognised Marmont, and informed 
bim that no one was permitted to enter.— 
The Marechal then took tbeofiicer aside, 
and, after about a minute's conversation, 
he, the officer, and the lady, went into 
the hall. The officer left the Marechal 
in the hall, and went into the adjoining 
room ; and while he remained there, there 
seemed to be sonietbiug in agitation. — 
When the same officer came back, he ad- 
dressed himself to Marmont, and said, it 
was impossible for him to remain ; but 
the latter refusing to go, ^the Marquis de 
Bartiilac reproached Mai moot with not 
keeping his promise, and left him. The 
King, Monsieur, and Madame, now en- 
tered the hall in their way to the chapel. 
Madame LavaWtte rushed forward, seized 
the hand of the King, and, fallhig at his 
feet, exclaimed, *< Pardon, pardon, Sire." 
The King could not refrain from tear!>. 
But, after looking very severely towards 
G£.\T. Mag. «/a7iKary, I8I6. 


Marmont, he said to Madame Lavalette, 
*' I had hoped. Madam, to have been 
spared this painful scene. lu thinking 
you couhi save your husband, you have 
done yout duty. But I inuf>t also do mine» . 
as a King." He then disengaged him- 
self, and passed on, evidently much dis- 
tressed. Madame Lavatette then attempt-; 
ed tu get the Duchess d'Angouleme to m- 
tercede ; but, overcome by the potency of 
her feelings, she fainted, and was carried 
out Marmont afterwards sent a letter to 
the King, explaining the motives for his. 
conduct, and saying, that he did not think 
himself wrong in trying t > save the life-of 
Lavalette, as it had not been forbidden. 
The Marquis de Bartiilac has been ar- 
rested. Lavaktte was 'ordered for exe« 
cutiou on Thursday. On the Wednesday, 
as was her usual custom, Madame Lava* 
lette went to the Conciergerie, about three, . 
to dine with her husband; she brought 
brr daughter and governess with her; she 
came in a sedan. chair, and was well 
Wrapped up, on account of her bad state 
of health (liot having lain-in many days). 
The sedan chair was permitted to be 
brought into the prison^ to within one 
room of that wbtre her husband was con- 
fined. The daughter and governeis walk- 
ed by the side of tUe chair : about seven, 
or half past, she came out, with her 
danghter and goveme:ss, and got into the 
chair t) go home, while they again walked 



Abstract of Ftfreign Occurrences. 


by her side. No soonf r bad. the chqir 
teacbed Ibe street, than i( (topped by the 
aide of a carriage : wbcn spone one got 
into it, and it drove off very fast, while 
the chair was carried another, way. At 
^ip momei^t the I(,eepi^r went into .Lava- 
]f tte'8 rooDit an4 discovered iiii w)te in- 
stead of Lavalette. The alarm was 
g;iven, and some.genc^'annes punned the 
carrii^e; but upon stopping, \% they 
found only the child. .Tbe'.sedaiji chair 
was also stopped very soon on the Pont 
l^ejuf, but there was po op9 in it The 
bsirriers were aUo shut, but without dis- 
cpvering ^h^ fugitive. 
. In the Chamber of Deputies, the follow* 
ip^ $aturdi^y, 1^. Sesmaisons demanded* 
ipformation from the Keeper of th? Seals 
aud the Minister of t^oVipe,' aa to the cir- 
cumstances of JLavaleUe'.s 'flight. He 
offered* to defer its coosideratfon j'l^qt the 
Cbaiiiber wpuld uQt bear of this '; and, 
yielding to the general wisbi he read, as is 
l^uai, bis speech iu support of the mo- 
tion. He w^s succeed^. by others, who 
remarked some circumstances a Uttje ex- 
traordinary in the escape ; suph as, tb&t 
a. large man, as Lavalttte was, should 
pass for a small and delicate woman'; and 
that, under an order for admitting his 
wife to him, three persons should have 
been allowed to enter. The Minister of 
the Interior, Vaoblanc, urged the Cham- 
ber to proceed to the Order of the day, as 
an investigation was already begun.— Tbe 
Kfinisters were^ however, defeated; fur 
the Chamber rejected the Order of the 
day, vhich they propose«l ; and resolved, 
that the motion should be referred to the 
bnreaux for examination. 

The Keeper aud (h^ Turnkey of the 
ContiergerJe are held in custody by the 
Prefecture of Police ; and Madame Lava- 
Jette was for some tinie kept in pTisoo> in 
the same chamber that her husband occu" 
pied, but has since, we hear, been ad- 
mitted to bail. — ^The Coort and part of tie 
Ministry are much enraged at Lavalette's 
escape. He has been Hung in effigy ! 

It is asceriained that Lavafeite has 
since reached fiavaria via Belgium. 

Sir Robert Wilson, Capt. Hutchinson, 
and Mr. Bruce, have been committed to 
^e Abbaye, charged with having assisted 
Lavalette in his escape. Sir B. Wilson is 
well known to all Europe, not only by hia 
literary but military services against Buo- 
saparte. Capt. Huichinion is a very 
)roung j[>fficer of the Guards, a relation of 
lx>rd Hutchinsod ; and Mr. Bruce is the 
eldest son of the banker, Crawford Bruce, 
«sq. Sir Charles Stuart wrote the follow- 
ing letter to the Duke de Richelieu : 

" Mir/«» Jun. 13. 

<* Sir— I have learned with surprise that 
•everal English gentlemen, among whom 
are General Sir Robert Wilson, Mr, Craw. 
fbrd Bruce, and Mr, Hutchinson, bavf. 

■bieeD arreited thif morliing; that tbeir 
papers have be^a seized, end that they 
nave be^n conveyed io the nrispns of thl^ 
city under the direction of tne Minister of 
the Police.— As I have repeatedly m«iU 
fjpsted to your Ekeellency my detetinina- 
tion to extend^ the protection of my $<>▼•• 
rei^n to no per^p whose conduct eodaO- 
gers the safety of tbia GoTemttient, I 
should have been flattered, if, as BiritifAi 
4robas^ador at the Court of France, 1 ImhI 
been honoured with a commuaipatiDii 
from yoyr Excellency, which mif M hmw% 
preventer^ the necessity of an dfifcial e^- 
pljBpf^tion of the motive^ for a prbceediofp 
«f tbis qi|tKi]fe towa^a. indjividuab whoa« 
services aad rank in some ibeasmre gV^->. 
i^mtee the loyalty of thfclr conduct. 

•* Cb ARIES Stuaxt.'^ 
. The following Answer was ^iven i 

*' It is with the mpst lively feelings of 
pain and regret thikt the undersigneq tee* 
Himself obliged to ipake known to his Ex- 
cellency sir Charles Stuart, that sevetml 
subjects of his Britannic Majesty ap|^r 
to have taken an active part \m culpable 
ipapcauvres directed against the Govern- 
ment of the Ring. Hit Excellency %iU 
see by the letter hereto annexed, wh.ieh 
thc^ undersigned has Just recenr#d fitmi 
the Minister x)f police, that Sir R, Wilson, 
Mr. Brace, and another indivklaal> who 
is believed to be an English gentlemaBy 
8!^ accused of bating f^vdo^ed tHe'eMs«|io 
of Lavalette. Tbeiir trial is going to MRte- 
mence ; but the undersigned, in anfioikw:- 
ing it to Sir Charles Stuait, is fbi^vmrd at 
the sam^ time to give him the a^aimode, 
that they will enjoy fully aH the fkeilKiea 
which our laws afford far their - jostifloh* 
lion ; and that the protecting Ibrms of trial 
will be refigiously observed towarda theAi« 
—The undersigned, in noaking this cotfi- 
muniostion to the English Ambasssdor, 
es a consequence of the particular regard 
which his Court on every occasKAii' eiiter- 
tains towards the GoTemment of bis Bfi- 
tannic Majesty, has the bdnoiir to "renew, 
&c L^ Doc de RienxtisV.'* 

Private letters say, tKuf the Duke of 
Wellington, on being applied to, deblifted 

A copy of the poems of Oasian waV ^- 
sented by Lord Saltoun and others, A de- 
putation firom the Highland Society,- io 
iouis XVIII. Dec. 29. llieir addt«st 
^as graciously answered by bhf Mqetty. 

Valenciennes was surrendered to the 
Hanoverian troops On New-year's Day. 

Lieut. Troughton, of the EngliabGaAnif , 
unintentionally touched the elbow of Mar- 
shal Victor in the Boulevards, at Parian— 
Troughton apologized; but nothing would 
pacifjr Victor, who became iO abusive aa 
to eom^l Troughton to knock bim dpwnt— 
the merits of the case were' aftoNrarda 
heard, and the Lieateaant reprimanded, 
and told ts bo mor* olrcttmiptct in fatmre. 



. Abstract qf Foreign Occurrences. 


— l^ieut. Trou^oii was afterwards at the 
Duke of Wellington's ball. 

. Foucbe, the French Miaistef at the 
Court of Dresden, has been Forbidden to 
return to Fr^^ce. 

Marshals Massena, Sochet^ Augek^au, 
•ad Lefevre, have been deprived of their 
my ; Oavoust has received an ord6r to 
quH PArisj Semirier has been put upon 
half pay; and 170 General Officers have 
]^n cashiered. 

Xhe Budget was brought forward on the 
S3d uU« in the Chamber of Deputies by 
the MHiiiter <>f Finauce. The Ways and 
Means for the year amount to 800,000,000 
francs ; the cMcdiuary expenditure (includ- 
ing a Sinkibg Fund of 14.000,000) fo 
524,700,000 ; ikod the Extraordiniries (in- 
eluding a surplus of 4.500,000 to taeet 
^ventiial expenoes)^lb 275,300,000. There 
is to be. an increase of taxes; but the 
Chamber beard the Budget without dis- 
pleasure. The iotefr!«Bt payable on the 
French National,Debt is under three mil- 
lions sterling. 

The French King haii ordered a monu- 
ment to be bailt upon the ground for- 
merly the huriaUplace of lt\ Madelaine. 
A chapel, consecrated to St. touis, will 
contain two altars, which will mark th^ 
places where were deposited the bodies of 
King Loniir XVI. and pf the Qdeen. 

The alterations made by a Conunittee 
of the Chamber of Deputies in the Am- 
nesty Bill, introduced after the elocution 
of Ney, in the name of the King,' by th^ 
Duke de Richelieu^ ^iil, in a great mea- 
sure, subvert the ttiild intentions of Lonli. 
The following is the text of the Xawas 
finally agreed to: 

Art. 1. A full and entire aifinesty is 
granted to all those whoj directly or in- 
directly, have taken part in the rebellion 
and the usurpation of Napoli?on Buona- 
parte, except as follows:— -2. The Ordi- 
liance of the ^4th of July shall continue 
to be executed with respect to the indi- 
viduals comprised in the 1st Article of that 
Prdinance. — 3. The King may in the in- 
terval of two months from the date of the 
promulgation of the present Law, expa- 
triate from France those of the individuals 
comprised in the 2d Article of the Ordi« 
nance, whom he shall suffer to remain so 
fiomprisetl, and who have not been brought 
l>efbre the Tribunals. In that case, they 
shall depart from France in the appointed 
interval, and uot re-enter the kingdbm 
without th^ expressed authority of bis 
Majesty, under paiu of transportation. 
The King may also deprive them of all 
properties and pensions accorded to them 
by a gratuitous title. — 4. The ascendants 
and descendants of I^apoleon Buonaparte; 
bis uncles and aunts, hi^ nephews and 
aieces, hie l>rothers, their wives and de* 

soendants, his sisters and their husbands^ 
iire excluded from the kingdom in per- 
petuity, and are required to depart froci| 
it in the Course of orte month, under the 
penalties denounced by the 91st Act of 
the Penal Code. They cannot enjoy- 
within the kingdom any civil righ^, or 
possess therein any {iroperty, titles, or 
pensions, accorded gratuitously to them» 
And they shall be required to sell, in the 
interval of six months, all property what- 
ever they may posse$s by a legal title.-* 
5. The present Amnesty is not applicable 
to persons against whom prosecutions hava 
been ordered, or are under sentence or 
judgment before the promulgation of thia 
Law. The prosecutions shall be conti- 
nued, and the judgments shall be exe- 
cutied according to the due course Qf law* 
•—6. There shall not be included in the 
present Amnesty crimes or offences a- 
gaidst private persons, at whatever period 
they have been committed ; the pertone 
guilty of them shall be prosecuted ac- 
cording to law. — T. Those of the, Regi- 
cides who, in contempt of a clemency 
almost without bounds, have voted for the 
Additional Aet, or have accepted hmctions 
or employments from the Usurper ; and 
#ho from such conduct are declared irre - 
concileable enemies to. France and of iti 
legitimate Government, are excluded for 
ever from the kingdom, and shall be re- 
quired to depart therefrom in the course 
of one month, under the penalties enacted 
by the 33d Article of the Penal Code^ 
Nor can they enjoy any civil rights withiii 
the kingdom, or possess* therein any pro- 
pierties, titles, or pensions; obtained •gra- 
tuitously by them. 

The Law of Amnesty, with the addi- 
tional clause of banishment against the 
relapsed regicides, bds been passed by the 
Chamber of Peers without even the iovy 
malily of a debate. Out of 141 members 
present, 120 voted In favour of the law. 
The Duke of Richelieu remarked bow un- 
willing his Majesty was to revive thf 
distinctions associated with the article rela- 
tive to the regicides ; bdt, overpowered bjc 
the unanimity of the Chamber of Depu« 
ties, and convinced that its feelings were 
those entertained by the people in gene* 
ral, he had permitted that article to be 
embodied in the lav, and promised that 
'* when the first body in the State shall 
have cbnfirmed the wish expressed by the 
Deputies of France, his Majesty will with- 
draw the hand extended over subjects so 
criminal, and they shall be abandoned to 
their fatt.'» 

The following letter of the Duke of Wel- 
lington, in answer to an application from 
'*The London Protestant Society for the 
protection of Religious l.iberty," will 
serve to shew that spmi? misconception 



Abstract ^ Fo:£eign Occurrences. 


has prevailed respecting the persecution 
of the French Pi'otettantt in the Sooth of 
Prance. i - 

" GcKTL«MBN, Parit, 3^00.28, 1815. 

** I have hi&d the honour of receiving 
your Letter of the 34ih inst. and I take 
the earliest opporttinitf of replj'ing to it. 
i have every reason to believe that the 
publick, andihe Society of which yonafe 
tft« Secretaries, h«ve been misinformed 
i^ardiiig what is passing itf the South of 
Frafnce, It is natural that there shonld kn 
violent contests in a country in which the 
peogle are divided, not only by a differ- 
ence of religion, but likewfiO by a differ- 
ence of political opinion ; and that the re- 
ligion of every individual is in genial the 
sign of the political party to which he be- 
longs ; and at a moment of peculiar politi- 
cal interest, and of weakness - in the 6o- 
vernment on account of the mutiny o^ the 
Army, that the weaker party should suffer, 
and tiiat much iq}ttstioe and violenee 
ie^ufd be committed by individuals of the 
more numerous preponderating party. 
But, as far as I have any knowledge lio- 
ijuired during my residence at this Court 
liailt year, and since the entry of the Allies 
i&'to Paris, the Government have done 
c^ery thing in their power to put an end 
to the disturbances which have prevailed 
in the South of France, and to protect all 
his Majesty's subjects, in confbrmity with 
his Majesty's promise in his Royal Char- 
ter, in the exercise of their religious da- 
ties according to their several pei suasions, 
ai^d in the enjoyment of their several privi- 
leges, whatever m^iy be their religioOB 
piersdasions. In a recent instance, an of- 
ficer, General La Garde, was sent down to 
Nismes, specially by Government, to en- 
quire into the stale of affairs in that coun- 
try ; and upon his first report he had orw 
ders to open the Protestant Chiireher, 
which, in the course of the contest be^ 
tween the parties, had beibn dosed. He 
was severely wOunded when in the execu- 
tion of these orders ; and I have been in- 
formed by good authority, that his Royal 
Highness the Duc'^'Angouleme has since 
toarched at the head of a body of troops 
agaitist thos€ who had opposed themselves 
to the execmion, by General La Garde, of 
the' orders of the Government.* I intelose 
the copy of tlie King's ordonnaoce, issued 
in consequence of this event, which suffi*- 
ciently shows the views and intentions of 
the Government I have further to inform 
>^ou, that it is not true that the salaries of 
the Pi^testant Ministerv have been discon- 
tinued by the King of France. I trust that 
frhat I have above slated will convince th'<f 
Society of which you are the Seisretaries, 
that the King of France's Government at 
least are ngt to blame oH acoount of th6 
iifxfortunat^*cir€UiDstaliee8 which lutve.oct 

cuhred in the South of France.* . I have tb« 
Koaour to be^ fee. '. 

(Signed) * WELLiMCTQir, 

ilfr. r. mUtt and Mr. T. Peltatt, 8ea^ 
taries to the Protestant Society for Protectiiim 
of Religious Liberty.*^ 


- " Paris presented yesterday an ioteiMY 
ing spectacle. The shops were tluit. 
About eleveh the solemnities commeacid 
in all the Churches, which were hung sritib 
black, ornamented with eseotcbeoot ' of 
France f and in the choir, the cenottai^ 
was every where surmounted with Qib 
drown, the sceptre, and the hand of justice* 

" The sublime idea of caosii^^ hutelMl 
of every other 'eulogy, the Testament ef 
the Martyr-King to be read, produced e|| 
the effect expected.- It was read from tte 
pulpit 'by some ecclesiastic of advaooci 
age, and was litteoed to with ' profound 

** The departmental and other MithMi* 
tiSss, with the Duke of Reggio, pinoeefMM; 
11 o'cfock to the Metropolitan Chiiro& 
The hosUges of Louis XVL took tlieir 
places around the cenotaph, wbieii was 
covered with censers. Behind itbe alt^f 
was a blazing cbapel« The 8t|ite^ oC 
Louis XIIL and Louis XIV. appeef6d.M 
if mixing their prayers in- the expiation^ 
France. ,The Udies, hotteges oC^I^aj* 
XVL eccupied conspicuous plaoes ia'jdie 
nave. After the gospel the Abb^ de te MjNitUi 
Vicar Gentral, read the 
Lpuis XVL and was distincUy .heauril.^ 
the reading made a profound impi^ihripv* 
The mass, preceded by the expifelory ea^ 
remony, was performed by the Abbe idi- 
Bello6. ' ' . i^ 

"AtU a numorotts cavaloede sfi.ent 
from the barrier, compowd of the Ki^;^ 
hbnsehold troops and royal jfuard. fittii 
tachments of the national guiurd wem tuup. 
tioaed on' the road, \ ' r 

"The Deputations of the OMifter ^ 
Peers, of Deputies, of the CoMtwCa»* 
sauon, of the Cooit of Accoufiti,' of. thft 
Royal Court, of the Munjcipfld Court of 
Paris, of the Tribunal of First .fieiMtt^ 
and of Commerce, took their seata inlUn 
ofaoir. The daughter of Louis XVL - (wjki# 
went and return^ inoo^,) was ii^a tribtpol! 
above the seats where were placed tlia 
Duke d'Angouleme, the Doke de limrj^ 
hnd the Prince de Cood^. The tribuaHaf 
Madame was entirely veiled by crapev * ' ^ 
- '* The Bishop of Chalons-«ur-8iioiia» 
formerly AUnoner of the Queen of ¥nm6^ 
assisted by a nntnerons Clerg/, nffipitttMh 
After the gospel, M. de Caux,vJ^ithopL«f 
Aire, read in a voice charged with p^iUkm- 
found emotion, the Testament. of Loaii 
XVI. -It was read from- a manuieri|rti 
presumed to be the origmal, writtea,wtili 
the hand of the Ifoiureh huBaelf t 



Jbstract of Foreign Occurrences. 



King Ferdinand of Spain, it is confi- 
dently said, is about to be married to a 
daughter of the Prince Regent of Portu- 
gal ; and his brother Don Carlos to ano- 
-ther daughter of the same Prince—- both 
these Princesses coming from the Brazils 
under the protection of Marshal Lord Be- 
resford. The present Queen of Portugal, 
who is very old, and has long been in a 
state of mental alienation, was married to 
her own uncle, by whom she had the pre- 
seiot Prince Regent of Portugal — the 
Prince Regent married an Infanta of 
Spain, the sister of King Ferdinand and 
I)on Carlos, who again are to marry their 
Own nieces, the daughters of their own 

King Ferdinand, in opposition to all the 
reports and councils of his Judges and Mi- 
nisters, has of his own absolute authority 
pronounced sentence of condemnation 
upon almost the whale of the imprisoned 


Tlie Corinthian horses arrived at Venice 
on the 8th of December, and were to be 
replaced with much ceremony. 

The Pope is said to have inflicted upon 
himself a severe penance, as a punishment 
for his acts of condescension to Buona- 
parte during his Pontificate. 

A French paper states, that the late 
Empress Maria Louisa had been on a pil- 
grimage to the Island of Elba, to visit the 
bouse of her husband, the £x-Emperor 
Napoleon — she is said to have gone there 
with a sort of religious attention, observing 
every thing in the minutest detail. Ar- 
^%iving in the saloon, she perceived his 
portrait, and stopping before it, she said, 
** Napoleon, 1 salute thee ; I have had, 
and shall preserve aU my life, the greatest 
esteem for thee." She passed the night in 
the house, and next day departed, con- 
tented lifth her voyage, 

The ISmperur Alexander entered Peters* 
burgh on the 13th o^ December — next day 
the coticlusion of the peace at Paris was 
anQounced by a discharge of 101 cannon 
from the fortress. 

The Hereditary Prince of Orange 
reached Petersburgh on the 22U ult. — his 
innptials with the 13 rand Ducheiss Anna 
^aulowna are shortly to be celebrated. 

• An Ukase' was issued at Petersburgh on 
tbe 9d Inst, for the expulsion of Jesuits 
fttmi Russiaji and the revocation of all such 
privileges as had been granted to the Ro- 
man Catholic Church since 1800. Th^ 
jreason is assigned by the Ediperor Iiimself 
'^ with a distinctness and patience which 
show that power does not harden him 
against a just sense of his moral responsi- 
bility. He relates, that the Jesuits were 
received in Russia when they had no pro- 

tection elsewhere; and. that, being per* 
tnitted to apply themselves to the educa* 
tion of youth, .they have abased the con- 
fidence thay had gained, endeavouring to 
trouble the Greek Religion, and turning 
aside from its. worship young people wba 
had been entrusted to them. No one.who 
has observe the conduct of the Jesuits ia 
other countries can be surprized titbit. 
It is the natural and jnalienahle genius c^ 
. their order, to be either in open ar SjBcrelr 
hostility with every other Chiircb. ,It is 
even a sort of instinet ; for they can 
scarcely restrain it at the moment, when 
their chance of adding privileges to tolera- 
tion, depends upon tbeir concealment of 
the uses to which tliey will apply them. 


The Message of the President of the 
United States to Congress encourages the 
hope of a long continuance of peace be- 
tween the two countries. — The President 
after expressing his satisfaction at the suc- 
cessful termination of the war with the 
Regency of Algiers, announces* that the 
Treaty of Peace with Great Britain has 
been succeeded by a Convention on the 
subject of Commerce. The terms of this 
Convention have not yet been published ; 
but a hope is expressed, that' it will lead 
to arrangements on other subjects, ** on 
which the paities have mutual interests, 
or which might endanger their future har- 
mony." With a view ta the latter object^ 
Congress are invited to consider of the ex- 
pediency of confining the American navi- 
gation to American seamen ; or, in plain 
words, of prohibiting British seamen froni 
serving on-board American ships ^ a mea« 
sure which would certainly do away one 
of the main causes of discord between the 
two Countries. 

The American Papers of the 1 1 th De- 
cember contain a long Report of the Se- 
cretary of the Treasury, Mr. Dallas, to 
the Senate. It details his propositions |or 
the improvement of the revenue, and for 
the support of public credit ; besides the 
statements of the late expences, and the 
estimate o| those for the ensuing year. 
As to revenue, Mr. Dallas proposes that 
the double duties on imports l>e continued 
until the 30ih day of June, 1816. To re- 
medy the evils arising from tbe want of a 
circulating medium, it is proposed that a 
national bank be established at Philadel- 
phia, having powers to erect branches 
elsewhere ; and that its capital do consist 
of three quarters of the public stock, and 
one quarter of gold and silver. The re- 
strictive system' which commenced in the 
year 1807, is said to have greatly dimi- 
nished the produce of the revenue: but 
still it was not until the actual commence- 
aient of hostilities that it l>ecame burthen- 
some. The estimates df tbe year 1812 


7B Caunity Nm^.^Utaay of SMng ^^^ ' IJM^ 

f«qliii«d SiyiOO.OOO ddUtra ; ttioke of 18U, prejudices. Mr. Ko«^ then said he would 

45,350,000 'dollars. Tha embtrrastmeAtiB rity Mttiy itiggest lo the Meetiaf, mot 

of the Tr^soi^ aftl^r Ifae adjotirMiiieiit of tp^uhttbe advanUgea of HistkatioM'^ 

Congress ki 1614, became extreai^.-^Thb tfi<^ kind h&tr oader constderatioii^ 4Kit toA 

aggregate amouut of the neeipts into thk coiltroteltible htU, ooallrtiNMl by" pdila 

Treasury fot the three yeari of the #]ir tire erideti^e, Atid then ttake a fewtob^ 

(1819, 1813, aiidl814,) was 98,042,3013 iefTaiiom ttpoa thein. The EdiblMn|^ 

dpltats, 96 cents. The total disborsem^nt ^ciety #a!l the first regnlaf establiirtmMM 

of the Treasury, doring the same piieriod, 6t the kind: the libpetft* theva are 01m,* 

Amounted tb 100,0n,557 dolfirs, 13 ceulft , itabUy incfeasing'f ahd the tttteteit tfHortM 

The Am^ldan Papers of Decethber 3^, eS to the dep(}9itorB> wbbb at ifst- wiw 

contain a ddculnent highly ihtereiting to 4/. percent, is ah«ady 51* Tb«deterf|l^ 

this cooniry — the Re|iort of the Seeretatry tion of peftons' who b&d availed theoiflcAYti 

of the Ka? y to thiei 8en4te, eoliiprehendibg elf the opportdnity aflblded them of mk^ 

a plan for the gradbal and permanent in- ihg little satingi^wel-e chlefiy jonmayiMll 

erease of the NaVy. After stating that the in trades, hoelcsterto of small ^mrm, p«H 

tn^ns for accomplishing the objeet in view ters, carmen, and labourers^ Aatpeef 

are completely within the power of the ing the establishment at Bath, His eO M * 

United States, the Secretary proposes an taunleatkfns had been in Cofrssiloliiciioiir 

annual building of one ship of thb rate of Only. Considelrable benefits had^lieMl 

seventy-four guns, two frigates of tbe first derived by the tower elasses, hot hitiMM* 

class, rated at 44 gahs, and'tWO sloops 6f not by so #ide a deKiriptiOtt of petiona «i 

Var; all theie, it Is said, dAn be built, at fidiiib^irgb, o«»ibg id cMnsiOliltMees 

and fui-nlshed with every necessary equip- quite intelligible. ' ^' -• 

meni, independently Of any foi^ign coun- Mr. Rose havhiff addueed poilitive and 

try. With 6uch m^ans in their hands, the nndeniable evidence of the intportiUlt ad* 

Americans d6 nut besltiiie to aVow high Vantage derived td the patties fbemsHv^i 

lopes of successfully disputing the liaval in a pecuniary point of view | vtpresaeil 

palm with Gre^t Britain, at no distant pe- a decided conviction, that no eorisidisrate 

Hod of time. ban could coitteto|^te'snch itowdlotlboll 

without being perfbetly satisfied^ that HHi 


CCTuKTRY iiTfiWS. effect of encouraging tbem« orait haiHii 

. Souihamptonf JVbv. J27. — ^A Meeting of direct tendency to the Mvancemenl of hii. 
the principal inhabitants was held, to con- dnstr^r. Sobriety, And eicolMttiyj nlUbng 
fider of the propriety ol^ e&tablisUing a the to#^r order* of thb peojple, ' «lio «0M 

Provident Society, pr iSavihg Fond, for Ihibreby be indnbed to apply -i'lHfnF ittf. 
|tfaf secure . investment to poor persons of ttfelr little ihcomei to A l^HMisiofl ftjtMlM 
small suiias of money. The Resolutions want and distress, and irth Miift ll##-ii0 
for this l^rovideot Ib'stitutipn, br Bahk ^or bi^ns o^ doing so ; obseryHnh IbntrHli 
Savings, which w6ul4 enable every man nt present dwidg pHtoeipldly fteNltd AuM 

yho could save a sKillinf in any week, to the eze^s of %h«t Is needmty is- ffWK^ 

ileposit the same safely, and receive ihte* fUlly iiqhandel'ed. * By Inht iltrt li ttl - fM 

rest jTor it at 4^* p«r cent without beiiig this, the ^diptationk of spdMAif ^^Ifi 

.obliged tp cbntinne sucfi deposits, that be- savings, he said^ %Ollid l>e rt fadv ^ j iaA 

log .entirely optional, were. moved by Mr. the earnings 6f hvahb, ^wbleii Ml^uMi 

neming, 6t Stonehfm' Paiek, after ex- only daily exoenses, ifottld -be IMMfo ^fbil 

plail^in^ the substance of each', and the ductive of infinite ^etmteent good tb the 

generalaclvantagesofsuch Intftittitions. — parties and their nimiliH| beeabieib]^ 

The Right Hon. .dsoRGfi Hose then ob- resortmg to the means ni># to bte HMW^ 

served, that the information be had ac- etery possible fk&ility Is afforded 16 plMf4 

iquired from a long correspondence with ebns to ptace to adi^ntage whatever tlM;f 

tkfi principal promoters of the Edinburgh can spare from their cdri^t ejrp enifcii 

and iiath Societies, would enable him to He instanCid-^l'^if^ 'ijtoi <rH igdniHir -ma 

abew the certain beneficial ei^ecis, proved qf Ihek AjfreTttittihfpi^ #fin ■ ihigifl,- -fft 

>y experience, that niust result from this inany teses, by depositing tti^ s arpti ft tKf 

eslablishment, if it should be ejected, their eanfihgs,' acqoiH^i in'> fiH ti^ biJE 

before, however, entering 06 this subject, jreArs, that ^onTd h6 edflhrient td tAtai* 

Mr. Rose noticed some, erroneous ^Ute- 'olish thetnselves eenaffbrtitbly, stjt iNUM 

^ents, wliich had been dissenlinated in a provlsioh fbra ftiariljr— iP^rAMeh, io'dl^ 

late publication, respecting Friendly So- terent brantfibt, wbbM earnh%ft ttri-diMlL 

cieties. ke adinit^ed that iheire were de- 'i^rable, tAtgtk prdi^lde s^fMt blMil 

iects in the system, but was firmly per- ahy fbcnre cootrageHk:]^— l^MidMit flbri 

auaded that with all tlieiir imperfection^, vaniif where th^f wafes ire MbH! (bM 

they were eminently bselfbl, and was 'sufficlebt fbir thehr nbcestar^ €«penlk% < ■!> 

. anxious therefore that individuals ai(df the Oniueu, IM^t, ' ^. iiil|ht freqiientlt 

ooontry might not lose the advantage^ liiake^some depOBiti-«llhy i Mu rertt ^ 

^derived from 8uc& Sdcidties, Dy Mjuft (hU dhss it might bts fkfired 'Uwt tteM 

1 8 !ۥ] Intelligence, from varims Parts of the CQuntry. 71^ 

who are married and have families would 
seldom be tAAe to save any thing : but the 
single men might save enough to enai^ie 
themf after a certain time, to marry witbv 
out fear oC their families becoming charge^ 
able tfk the parish. Mr. Rose concluded 
his observations by slating,, that the In- 
atitotton, while it can be sul^ect. to no 
piQssibie abuse or inconvenience, held out 
olear, distinct, and certain, ad vantages to 
the lower orders of tho people, whose wel- 
fare could not be a matter of indifference ' 
to the higher classes, as they are deeply 
interested in the melioration of the coq- 
dition of the poor (exclusively of the cer- 
tain reduction of the rate for eventually 
maintaining tbem), not less so politically 
than moral ly^ 'I'his Establishment, in ad- 
dition to ail that had been before referred 
to, had one of the very best recommejoda- 
tions;-«-that of infusing into the miqds of 
the lower orders a legitimate spirit of in- 
dependence, promoted at the same time 
by an improved education, to which hap- 
pily furtherance is now given throughout 
Ibe empire. 

The Resolotions were adopted, ana the 
plan of the Institution was unanimously 
agreed to. 

We have the pleasure to add, that In- 
stitutions on a similar plan have been 
formed in various parts of the Kingdom. 

The Barons of the Exchequer having 
lately ordered certain repairs on the vene- 
rable ruins of the antient Abbey of At' 
kroath, the. workmen employed in clearing 
out the rubbish from the North-west aile 
«f the Abbey, on Saturday Dec. 2, dug. 
XNit a mutilated statue of a Bishop or Ab- 
bot in his robqs. It is supposed that tKis 
statue had been originally placed in some 
oiche in the West aile ,. that it had fallen ' 
down when the Abbey was destroyed, and 
that the bead and haaids (which parts have 
not yet been found) had been broken off 
ID: the fall. Both arms are elevated in 
devotional attitude, and lift from the bot« 
tom a splendid, robe of mantle^ the work- 
manship of which is elegant aodrichly cut. 
This robe, is attached to the shoulders by 
a gold lace collar or tippet ; it covers 
both arms to the wrist* and, falliug richly 
down in mantling folds, gives the whole 
figjare a venerable air of pontifical dignity. 
The dress had been gilded with gold, but 
none of the gilding remains except a little 
In the deep folds of the robe, and the figured 
work of the lace. It is supposed that the 
statute, when entire, would have measured 
five feet nine inches in height. A pastoral 
staff had rested on the right foot, and 
reclined on the left shoulder. Several 
pieces of this staff have been found ; and it 
18 boped that some more fragments of 
the gtatue may yet be discovered among 
Che rubbish. 

Edinburgh, Dec, 22. On the 18tl) ip^t. 
whilst several young gentlemen were ^mus- 
ing then^selves w|th ^kaitiog upon Lpch* 
end, the ice gave way, and several of 
them were precipitated, into the Loch. 
Lieut. John Gourlay, Royal Navy, iu- 
stantly fired with the hope of saving the 
lives of the unfortunates, plunged into \l^ 
water, and having succeeded in recovering 
three of them, attempted, as a last effort, 
the fourth (Robert, th^ son of l^aillie Had- 
4away, Leith), but, paelaucboly to relate, 
both sunk, to rise no more. Every exer- 
tion v^as immediately made to discover the 
bodies:, which unfortunately did not suc- 
ceed for some time. At length both were 
Cound, and conveyed to the adjacent cot- 
bouses ^ but, notwithstanding the profes- 
sional exertions of a surgeon, who was on 
the spot shortly after the occurrence of the 
accident, every means whicn skill could 
suggest completely failed in restoring ani- 
mation. Lieut. John Gourlay, Royal Ni^- 
vy, was the pnly spn of Qapt. Gonrlay» 
Royal Navy, Gay field- square, i^od re-> 
turned from the service of his country to th<^ 
bosonoi of his friends only two months ago. 

Dec. 30. A tremendous flood took placf* 
at Mancfiester, which rose three ipcbes 
j^bove the marks of the great flood in that 
town ia 17(38. Much. property ha^ been 
destroyed. A public-hou^e was uuder- 
mioed, and thrown down by the force 
of the ivater j but it having been expect- 
ed, no person jvas hurt. 

One of the most serion^ floodai took plac« 
in the Tyne also that has happened since 
the great flood in 1777. Oreat damage 
was done to the small craft in the river. 
Two of the arches of Haydou Bridge have 
been destroyed. Great dampige i^» aU» 
been done by this storm on the banks uf 
the Wear and Tees. — Newcastle Paper. 

The Carlisle Patriot of Jan. 6, containe 
long details of the damage done by iood« 
over the whole of the North of England 
and South of Scotland. : The rivers C«l> 
dew, Eden, Peterill, Line, Irthing, Sue. 
&c. have overflown or burst their banks. 
Two or three benighted travellers have 
lost their lives, some cattle have been 
swept away and drowned, whole districts 
inundated, and in many places the inha- 
bitants of houses near the waters com- 
pelled to save themselves by taking refuse 
in the upper, apartments, while those be- 
low were completely flooded. 

Jan, 11. This morning, at the Pentre 
Colliery, near Swansea, by the explotiion 
of fire-damp, two unfortunate men were- 
killed, and five others dreadfully burnt ; 
two of whom are not expected to survive. 

An Act was passed in. the last Session of 
Parliament, intituled, '' An Act for en- 
abling spiritual persons to exchange the 
parsonage or glebe houses, or glebe lands, 
belp^pging. to their benefices, for others of 





greater value, or more conveniently sitv' 
mted for their resided or Occtt'pstieh;' 
lind for aonexf Qg ffuch boufieB aii4 Iftnch, '= 
80 taken in exckaoge, to such benefices m * 
parsonages or glebe;>hoa8e8, and glebe' 

the Nortii fide of tUe terrace round 
Castle ; awl . be ated occasionaUy to 
on the terrace^ bat we uodeianuid be now . 
declines it, owing to tlie bad state of bii . 
eyes, not being able 49 eajoy tlie ▼teifff..'. 

lands ; and for purchasing and annexing -^The Lords and Grooips- of .tbe JCinipa 

lands to become glebe, 
and for other purposes.'' 

m certain tases. 

» Windsor tksU^, Jtk, S.-^Uts Majeety 
has enjoyed good bodily' health, and 'has 
been generally tranejptfil during tbe last 

Bedchamber, bis Equerries, aiid other at^. 
tendaatS| are oocasiodally in >H.teBdaoon* 
at Windsor Castle, the same as if the King ^ 
enjoyed good health.— Two King's Met-{ 
sengers go from the Secretary of Siate'iiV' 
Office daily to Windsor, and' retnro 'to* 
London, as they hare been accnttomed to ^ 
month ; but hiif' Maj^y's disorder is not do for a number of years past, Tbe Mes-' . 
abated." Signed, H. Halford, W. He-' seoger who arrives lit noonbringftA 4^ilf 
burden, R. Willis, M. BaiHie, J. Willis. ' account of' the state of the JCing** btaltk . 

The public bulletins whieb have been to the Prince Regent and tbe MembAr* «>C- -t 
issued for some^monihi past, have alt the Queen's Council.— His Majesty bi|p« '* 
stated that bis Majesty's disorder refriaitis never been left since bi» afflicting maiadfn * 
nndhninished ; and we understand that it without one of the Royal Family t>eiQg iO' 
is tbe ojsifiioA of the medical gentlemen at- the Castle, and a Member of •the QuennHi'. 

tending hrm, that ndcbing far iihort of a 
miracle can bring irti6«t a recovery from 
his afflicting malaidy'. . At times* we are 
ha|>py to learn^ he ia tolerably composed. 
The number of persons speciaily appointed 
t0 4ittettd him by tbe Doctors is reduced 
A'om six to. two,« and his principal pages 
are. admitted, and have lieen 4oK some 
time, to atteridbim, as wbcb he enjoyed 
good health.i-*His .Majesty dines at half- 
past one' o*blQcV» and ifi'general orders 6is 
dinner ; he' invariably has. roast beef upon 
thertnble on- Sundajfs. lie dresses for din- 
ner, .-wears bis orders, . &c. He occupies 
A suite of thirteen roOms (at least he and 
his aitendaots)) idiich are situated en the 
North side of Wkidsor Castle,^ under tbe 
state rooms. Five of the thirteen rooms 
are wholly devoted to tbe personal use at 
the King. X>r. John WUks sleeps in the 
sixth room aiQoining, to Ife. in readiness 
to attend his Blajeity. . Dr. John attends 
the Queen every morning afiier bireakfast, 
about half past ten o'clookt. and reports to 
her -the state of the -afflicted Monarch ; 
the Doctor , afterwards proceeds to the 
Princesses, and other branches of • the 
RoyalFapaily, who may happen to be at 
Windsor, and makdlB a similar report to 
them. If 1 general her Majesty returns 
with Dr. Willis through the sute rooms 
down a privat&staircase, leading into the 
king's ;iuite of rooms, appropriated to this 
special purpose. Sometimes she converses 
with her RitDyal husbandf The. Queen is 
the only person who is admitted to this 
paculiar privilege, except tbe medical gen- 
tlemen, and his Majesty's personal at^ 
tendants. In case of Dr. John Willises ab- 
sence. Dr. Robert Willis, his brother, 
takes his place. 1'he other medical gen- 
tlemen take it in rotation to be in close 
attendance upon the King. The suite of 
rooms which his Majesty and bis attend- 
ants occupy, have the advantage ' of 
very pure a»d «xceU«Dt air, beipg on 

Conncil, appohHed under the4R«genoy Act. 
SaiunUty, Jtm, 6. . -^- 

The Anniversary of tho Epiphmy was .. 
observed at tbe Chapel Royal, St Jamet^ 
as usnal^^he Court attendaots» a pariy-bf 
the yeomen of the guard, .k^ atteadadp 
as if Royalty was present,*^ Three- Qdi^. 
tiemen Ushers descended from Ibe Royfl 
cloaett representing the SuveraigOy. tba^ 
Lord Chamberlain, fcc wboiAppfoaohndi . 
the altar, -and presented a box eontainipf 
three gold bags, ^bicb contained gold^ 
frankincenso, and. myrrh, which .^areii^. ' 
ceivdd in a large, gold dish by ttiA.|fnliN: ' 
Dean, whil6 they were in the act of JiwMjk.^ 
ing, as offerings, in imitation of tba A«k 
of the wise men of the Eastk , 

Thursday t Jan, I.S. . p ^ 

This being the day appoinlfl4 ior. A 
General Thanksgiving (see. p. 73.) at ten 
o'ck>ck, a grand full-dress parade of tbn 
guards took place in^. James's Park, 
far the purpose of solemnly, deppsjting ' 
the two eagles taken' at Wat^ioo, m 
Whitehall Chapel. 'The Duke of YoUt;: 
a great number of military offle6rs,*^tiil , 
an immense assemblage of Ikdies and' 
gentlemen, were present; and.. dn tber 
eagles being brought .qiit^ they * wHm 
hailed by loud acclamatiom. llio aaiflll /] 
were then placed in. the centre of a gnsinl' ' 
of honour, composed of grenadier gosirdt, 
and marched oQ to the Cbapel, Where tbey 
w^e deposited wiih doe bononrs.-— Tbe 
three regiments of guards were on tbapd* 
rade so early as seven o'clock in the morn- 
ing, and at nine were inspect^ by ihn 
Commander-in-chief, and the Dnkes of 
K^nt and Gloucester.-^The preccssioa'to 
the Chapel was very grands <ri^ bnndof 
the first regiment of guaids led the Vm | 
then came on foot a detachment of ibt 
life-guards wb6 were present sft'WaCn^^ 
The eagles wefe borne by two#ei}et»tfe of 
ibe first and saeotKi legiments. T^ ikice 
regiments of guards follawtdi« Mcoaasion. 


1816.] Theatre. — Prc7notims.r--PrefermeMs. — Births. 8 1 



Dec. 26. Hariequin and Fortunia ; a 

Jan. 16. ShakBpeare's Midsummei^w 
N'lghVs Dream, revired. 

Drury-Lane Theatre. 

Dec. 26. Hariequin and Fancy ; a Pan- 

Jan. 12. Massinger's Comedy of A 
New fVay to pay Old Debts, re? Wed. 

Gazbttb Promotions. 

Brighton^ the, 30. Rigbt Hon. Wm. 
Pitt £ord Amherst, sworn of the Pri^y 

Jan, 6, Rear-admiral C. V. Penrose, 
Knight Commander of the Bath, vke Ad* 
miral Lord Gardner, deceased. 

The honour of Knighthood conferred 
upon Col. the Hop. 8ir R. Le Pof r Trench 
and Lieut.-coI. Sir Joseph Caimcross, 
Knights Commanders of the Bath. 

Jitn, 8. A. St. John Baker, esq. his 
Majesty's Consul General in the tloited 
States of America. 

Whitehall, Jan. 16. The dignity pf a 
'Baronet of the United Kingdom granted 
unto Lieut.-gen. Sir Robert Brownrigg, 
K. G. C. B. Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief of the British Settlements in the 
Island of Ceylon, and Colonel of his Ma- 
jesty's 9th regiment of foot, and to his 
l^eirs male. 

Jan. $0. Col. James Bathurst, Lieut- 
governor of the Virgin Islands, vice Lieut- 
ool. Napier, resigned. 

J. R.>Iatheira, esq. his Majesty's Con- 
sul at Cadiz. 

• Civil Pbomotioms. 

Dec, 36. Thomas Le Blanc, esq. LL.B. 
Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, elected 
Master of that Society, ^e Rigbt Hon. 
Sir TIT. Wynne, deceased. 

Rev. Mr. Deane, Prittcipa] of St. Mary 
Hall, tice Dr. Pett. 

Rev. Wm. Gray, M. A. Master of the 
Free Grammar School, Cheltenham. 

Rev. Frederick Croker, Master of La- 
venham Free School. 

Rev. T. Rennell, M. A. Fellow of King's 
College, Cambridge, Christian Advocate, 
Mice D*Oyly. 

Ecclesiastical Prbfermbmts. 

Rev. Robert Walpole, M. A. Tyvet- 
Hhall St. Margaret, and Tyvetshall St. 
Mary United Rectories, Norfolk. 

Rev. Thomas William Lancaster, M. A. 
Panbury V, co. Oxford. 

Hon. and Rev. William Wodehoufe, 
M. A. Crownthorpe R. Norfolk. 

Rev. J. France. B, A. Brandon Parva R. 
Norfolk, otre Slapp, resigned. 
G£KT. Mjta. January, 1816^ 


Rer. T. P. Slapp, M. A» Old.Bucken- 
ham P.^rpetual C^raey, vice France, * re- 

Rev. John Thompson, Norton V. with 
Woodlapd's Chapel, X)brset. 

Reyi Jojin Thomas, 'H. A. Olleton y. 
CO. Hereford. 

Rev. R. H. Whitelock, Chorlton Perpe- 
tual Curacy. 

Rev. iP,! Egertoii,TarporleyjR. Cheshire. 

Hod J and Rev. Mr. Hobart,. Dean of 
Windsor, o/ce Dr, Legge. 

Rev« William Bruce Knight, B. 0. 
Llantri|hyd R. co« Glamorgan, vice Wil- 
liams, deceased. 

Rev. Mr. Darnell, a Prebendary qi 
Durham, vicf Zoiich, .d<8ceased. 

Rev* Thomas Watts, Plumpton R. co. 

Itev. Jaqaes Stanjer. Clarke, one of his 
Majesty's Chaplains in Or4ini^ry.-7-G^. 

f • • 


1815, Dec. 25; At Brnssels, the wift 
of Hon. Martin Hawke, a son. — 26. The ' 
wife of John Mitchell, M. D. a son. -r 
27. At Dawson Gtt>ve, Monaghan, the 
lady of Lord Cremome, a ion atad heir.-^ 
30. In Curzon-street, Mayfair, the wife of 
Edward Walpole, esq. a daughter. 

Lately. — Lady Elizabeth Norman, a 
son. — At Colchester, the wife of Lient.* 
col. BaggiM, a dan. — At Swaffbam, the 
wife of Hon. and Rev. A Tornoor, a sen. 

— At Stoke Hail, co. Nostingham, the 
lady of Sir Robert H. Bromley, bart. a son 
and heir. «— At Treniaion Castle, Cornwall, 
th^ wife of Benjamin Tucker, esq. a dau. 

— At Kitlea, Hon. Mrs. St. Leger, a son. 

— At Dublin, the lady xA Right Hon. Si^ 
William M'Mahon, bart. a son.— -At Dub- 
lin, the wife of Major-gen. Airey, a son. 

1 816, Jan. 5. In Berkeley- square, th^ 
Marchionefs of Lsjisdown, a son and heir. 
— »7.'At Melbury House, Dorset, the 
Countess of Uchest^r, a son. — 10. in Wtm- 
p0le.stre<t, the wife of Geo. Ormerod, esq. 
4»f Chorlton, Cheshire, a son. — * In Kepw 
pel-street, Rnssell-sqoare, the wife ofT. 
R. Buckworth, eisq. a son and heir. — ^ 
12. At Aqualate Hall, Salop, the lady of 
Sir J. F. Boughey, bart. M«kP. ason. -^ 
At Edinburgh, the Counters of Wemyss,^ 
a daughter. 


1815, Dec. 2. T. Cary, eldest son of G. 
Cary, of White Castle, Donegall, &c. esq. ^ 
to Henrietta Sophia, second dan. of H. J. 
Kearney, esq. of White Waltham, Berks. 

4. Henry Tucker, esq. to Isabella, 
fourth daughter oHames Grant, of Ttoley 
Prioiry, fessex. 

6. Capt. Down, R. N. to Eliza, third 
daughter of Admiral Fatton, of Fleetland, 
near Fareham* 


84 Rev. W. Vincent, D. D. Dean e/" Westminster. [Jan. 

the pan onage-house ; but it bad not been 
inhabited by an j Rector for a long course 
of years. This Rectory was conferred on 
the Dean of Westminster on his resigna- 
tion of the rectory of St. John's Westmin- 
ster. The Dean had 1000/. allowed for 
dilapidations, and he expended 2000/. 
and upwards upon the house, making it 
an agreeable residence ; and here he 
spent six months of every year, during 
the summer, nntil hit death; often 
preaching there, and dispensing all the 
comforts of life to the numerous poor by 
whom he was surrounded, and to whom 
he was the common father and friend. 
Their loss is incalculable. The ▼ieinity 
of Islip to Oxford enatbled the Dean to 
have all the society he desired. Thus 
passing his time equally between hia 

Deanery, the. Church of which he bron^ 
onder th6 beat of regulations, and where 
he was a constant attendant when hit 
health wonid permit, and his .Rectory ml 
Islip ; he enjoyed, aurronnded by an al^ 
fectionate family of children and grjiuM* 
children, as many blessings of thif life 
aa can fall to the lot of a human baing ; 
and died in his ^Tth year. Slat Dea I8I59 
at Westminster, as much lamented at be 
had been belofed. 

He wan the means, after be became 
DeAn, of having two enormotti mmia- 
mental masses removed from the Nave of 
Westminster Abbey; where they had been 
placed, to the disgrace of those who hMd 
fixed them there", and to the dettrnctioci 
of the symmetry and limplicity ai that 
beautiful pile. 

Rev. THOMAS ZOUCH, D. D. F. L. a 

1815, Dsc. n. Died, at Sandal, near 
Wake6eld, Rev. Thomas Zoucfa, D.D. 
F. L. S. Prebendary of Durham, and rector 
of Scrayinghamt Yorkshire. This' vener- 
able Divine was born in 1797, at Sandal, 
near Wakefield, Yorkshire; and in 1757 
removed from the school of the latter place 
to .Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1 760 he 
was elected into one of Lord Craven's 
scholarships, along With Mr. Joah Bates, 
celebrated afterwards for his skill in' 
musick. The year following, Mr. Zouch 
took his degree of B. A. and wa« classed 
as the third Wrangler. Having been 
cboaen fellow of his college in 1763, he 
was appomted assistant tutor, which office 
be discharged with extraordinary credit ; 
though bis asaidnity so much impaired his 
health, that he was obliged to quit the 
University: on which, bis college pre- 
sented him in 1V70 to the rectory of Wy- 
oliffe in the North Riding of Yorkshire, 
in this country retirement he continned 
till 1793, performing the office of a 
parish priest with great diligence, and 
augmenting his knowledge of natural his- 
tory. His botanical excursions, in a 
l^leasant and romantic part of Yorkshire, 
contributed not a little to invigorate hia 
constitution, la 1791, he was appointed 
deputy-commissary of the archdeaconry 
of Richmond; and In 1793 was chaplain 
lo the Master of the Rolls, and rector 
ef Scrayingham. By the death of his elder 
brother, the Rev. Heury Zouch, in 1795, 
he aucceeded >o an estate at Sandal, where 
lie resided lill his death. On the demise 
of Dr. Smith, the Master of Trinity Col- 
lege, one of the most learned mathemati- 
eians of his age, he was requested by the 
Vice- master and Senbr Fellows to' deliver 
a Latin FaAeral Oration m honour of his 
memory, whii&h is said to have been mach 
adiaired for tMi claiiiiekl elffauct of i(« 

language. In 1798, Mr. Pitt bad an Mea 
of appointing him to the Mastership of 
Trinity ; which design, however, was set 
aside in favour of the present Bishop of 
Bristol. But, April 9, 1^05, the mom 
Minister gave him the second Prebend ia 
the Church of Durham, and in the aaae 
year he took his degree of D. D. - in 1808» 
the See of Carlisle was offisred to Dr. Zooeh; 
but, in consequence of hia advanc^ age and 
retired habits, he thought proper to 4e* 
dine the acceptance. Besides toaie>ano« 
nymooa publications, he was* the a«t(K>r 
of, *« The CrucifixioD, a Seatoa PriM 
Poem," 1765, 4to.— *< A Sermon praaehed 
at the primary Visitation of William Logrd 
Bishop of Chester, held at Riebmoadt in 
Yorkshire, August 21, 1789,'' 4to. <* An 
Inquiry into the Prophetic Cbaraoier of 
the Romans, as described in Daniel viii* 
S3— a5i>' ] 79^, 8vo.— <* An Addreia to the 
Clergy of the Deaneries of Richoionds 
Catterick, and Boronghbridge,** 1798, ito. 
** A Discourse delivered to the Clergy of the 
Deaneries of Richmond, Catterick, and 
Boroughbridge, within the Diocese of 
Chester, at the visitation held June W> 
and 35, 1793, and published at th«tf 
request," 4to. — '* The good Schoolmas- 
ter, exemplified in the character of the 
Rev. John Clarke, M. A. formerly ^Il6w 
of Trinity College. Cambridge, SMd ine* 
oeasively master of the Schools ef Skiptim* 
Beverley, and Wakefield,*' 1798, 4to. — 
<* An Attempt to illustrate some, of- the 
Prophecies of the Old and New Testa- 
ment," 1 800, 1 3mo. — •* ' A Sermon pinaoh« 
ed in the Cathedral-Church of Darham, at 
the Assizes holdeo July 30,. 1806,'* 4to.— 
'< Memoir of the Life and Writinga of 
Sir Philip Sidney," 180B, ito.*-'« Mt. 
moir of the I«iie of John Sodbnry, D. D. 
Dean of Durham," 1808, 4to. 
Dr» Zottchiiraa jdio the Editor of, 1* 


[ 85 ] 

Th£ Ret. WILLIAM VmCENT, 0.D. 

]^4t* Thefolbnoing particulars t of the cor- 

. recinets ((f. which toe are assured, reached 
zis too, late to be engrafted xvith the Me^ 

. movrjn Qur last Volume, p. 6^. 

The l^ey. WiUiam Vincent, D. D. was 
of Trjnity. College, Cambridge. He mar- 
ried early i^ life Miss Hannah Wyatt, a 
very accomplished woman, with whom he 
eojoyed Ute utmost coudubial happiness 
for a loiif jBerlea of years.. She died in 
tbenpipnth of February .1807, leaving two 
SODS -— .tl^e ^ev. William. St. - Andrew 
ViacQnty bow Rector of Allhallows, in 
Thameji-street (a preferment for some 
^DM ctigoyed by bis father, and which the 
latter resigned in favour of bis son on bis 
«wn promotion to the living of St. John's 
We^titiinstef'), and George Giles Vincent, 
the present Chapter Clerk to the Church 
of Westminster. This situation was con- 
ferred on Mr. G.. G.Vincent after his father 
became :I>eao. 

Aftf r fuifiUing tlie laborious offices of 
IJsher, Second, and Head Master of West- 
ipiinsier School for.aboqt forty years, Dr. 
YiQoeot attained bis 63d year without 
4^btainiDg .any office of dignity in the 
Church ^"ItraBge to say, when it is con- 
sidered, how. many men of the first dis- 
tinction in. the Stat^ bad been educated by 
bim, sod when the extent of his own eru- 
dition waa so well known ; to say nothing 
^ the esoelleDcy of his character, and 
his aclmowledged abilities as a preacher, 
and author of learned works. 

. Jlt.wMft in 1801. on Mr. Pitt's going out 
of officii th»t ac Prebendal Stall at West- 
■untter^ tben Tacant, was given to him in 
fonaanoe of that Minister's stipulation. 
This WM the first favour received from 

, On tbit preferment being conferred 
qpon hiin» he resigned the Head Master- 
ship df Westminster Schoul ; and this he 
BQSt and would have done independently 
of tbat chrcumstance, being unequal to 
support the fatigues of the Mastership any 

Jt was Dr..Vincent's custom to pass a 
law weeks in every summer at some re- 
sidence in the country, for relaxation and 
benefit of bis health ; and whilst on one of 
these excursions, in June 1802, he re- 
teived most unexpectedly a letter from 
I/Kd.Sidmouth (then Mr. Addington), an- 
Booncing that his Majesty bad been 
pleased to nominate him to the Deanery 
of Westminster* ** as a public reward for 
public services.*' For this promotion no so- 
licitation had been made by himself or any 
of bis firiends. Jt was generally supposed 
thnt.tba pamphlet which he had recently 
]^blisbed, in opposition to, and confuta- 
«fi ^, Lewis (XBeime, Bishop of 

4 . 


Meath's assertion in his Sermon preached 
at St Paul's at the Anniversary of the 
Charity Children's assemblage there, that 
Religion made none, or very little part in 
the education of youth in the public semi- 
naries of this kingdom, was the imme- 
diate cause of this preferment. The 
pamphlet aboVe-mentiooed was con- 
sidered as a most able-peitomance, but 
the Bishop did not think fit to reply to 
it. Indeed it was unanswerable, as his 
I«ordship's position had been hazarded 
without a proper knowledge of facts, and no 
oue was more able to contradict them than 
he who had so long presided at the first 
school in £ngland. 

Dr. Vincent received this mark of Royal 
favour with the utmost gratitude, and the 
manner in which it had been given made 
its value double. It was particularly 
pleasing to him, atl it removed him 'from 
none of his connexions, and suffered hitn 
to pass the evening of his days .intbb 
society to which he had been su long ac» 
customed. He was often heard to say, 
that if his Majesty had given hiin the 
choice where to fix tor his preferment, he 
would have laid his finger on the Deanery 
of Westminster. 

. The union of the Bishoprick of Roches- 
ter, a very poor See, with this Deanery, 
had prevailed for many years. On the 
present occasion they were separated : 
Dr. Thomas Dam pier. Dean of Rochester, 
became the Bishop of Rochester^ Dt* 
Vincent, the Dean of Westminster. 

Some little time after his pronaotion to the 
Deanery, he made his temporary summer 
excursion for a few weeks to the neighbour- 
hood of Windsor Forest. One moruing his 
Majesty paid him a visit there, and, in* 
conversation, took uotice of th^ separation- 
of the above-mentioned See and Deanery, 
adding that it had been done much to his 
Majesty's regret. The Dean expressed 
his gratitude for bis Majesty's favour 
already conferred, and a perfect content.* 
ment therewith. The King replied, ** II 
yon are satisfied, Mr. Dean^ 1 am not. 
The See of Rochester shall be united 
again with your Deanery, in your persoo9. 
the first opportunity.^' But, when Bishop 
Dampicr was afterwards removed to Ely, 
the Prime Minister nominated Dr. WaU 
xer King, Prebendary of Canterbury, to 
succeed Dr. Dampier at Rochester. . Dr. 
King was tben so ill and infirm that it 
was long before he was able to do homage. 
However, he is living still, an ornament 
to the Episcopal Bench. 

The Rectory of Islip in Oxfordshire was 
in the gift of the Chapter of Westminster. 
This was the birth-place of Edward the 
Confessor* Tbe famous Dr* South rebuilt 


84 Bev. W. Vincent, Z). D. Dean of Westminster. [, 

the parsonage-house ; but it bad not been 
inhabited by any Rector for a long course 
of years. This Rectory was conferred on 
the I>ean of Westminster on his resigna- 
tion oi the rectory of St. John's Westnain- 
ster. The Dean had 1000/. allowed for 
dilapidations, and he expended 2000/. 
and upwards upon the house, making it 
an agreeable residence ; and here be 
spent six months of every year, during 
the summer, antil his death ; often 
preaching there, and dispensing all the 
comforts of life to the numerous poor by 
whom he was surrounded, and to whom 
he was the common father and friend. 
Their loss is incalculable. The vicinity 
of Islip to Oxford envied the Dean to 
have all the society he desired. Thus 
passing his time equally between hia 

Deanery, the. Church of which he brt 
under th6 best of regulations^ and i 
he was a constant attendant whec 
health would permit, and his ^Reotoi 
Istip ; he enjoyed, aurrounded by m 
fectionate family of children and jg[ 
children, as many blessings of thU 
as can fall- to the lot of a human In 
and died in his 77th year, 21st Dec. 
at Westminster, as much lanbented 
had been beloved. 

He was the means, after he b6 
De^n, of having two enormous n 
mental masses removed from the Ni 
Westminster Abbey; where they hod 
placed, to the disgrace of those wbi 
fixed them there*, and to the destit 
of the symmetry and simplicity 4A 
beautiful pile. 

Rev, THOMAS ZOUCH, D. D. F. L. S. 

1815, Dee, 17. Diied, at Sandal, near 
Wakefield, Rev. Thomas Zouch, D. D. 
F. L. S. Prebendary of Durham, and rector 
of Scr«yingham9 Yorkshire. This' vener- 
able Divine was born in 1737, at Sandal, 
near Wakefield, Yorkshire; and in 1767 
removed from the school of the latter place 
to.Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1 760 be 
was elected into one of Lord Craven's 
scholarships, along With Mr. Joah Bates, 
celebrated afterwards for his skill in' 
musick. The year following, Mr. Zouch 
took his degree of B. A. and wa« classed 
as the third Wrangler. Having been 
chosen fellow of his college in 1763, he 
was appomted assistant tutor, which office 
be discharged with extraordinary credit ; 
thongh bis assiduity so much impaired his 
health, that he was obliged to quit the 
University: on which, bis college pre- 
sented him in 1Y70 to the rectory of Wy- 
oUffe in the North Riding of Yorkshire. 
In this country retirement he continued 
till 1793, performing the office of a 
parish priest with great diligence, and 
augmenting his knowledge of natural his- 
tory. His botanical excursions, in a 
|ileasant and romantic part of Yorkshire, 
contributed not a little to invigorate his 
constitution. In 1791, he was appointed 
depaty-commissary of the archdeaconry 
of Richsiood; and In 1793 was chaplain 
io the Master of the Rolls, and rector 
of Scrayingham. By the death of his elder 
brother, the Rev. Henry Zouch, in 1795, 
he succeeded to an estate at Sandal, where 
lie resided lill his death. On the demise 
of Dr. Smith, the Master of Trinity Col- 
lege, one of the most learned mathemati- 
cians of his age, he was requested by the 
Vice- master and Senior Fellows to' deliver 
a Latin FnAeral Oratien in honour of his 
memory, whiih is said to have been much 
adaured fbr tbb claasical elt'faucc of 1(9 

language. In 1798, Mr. Pitt had ai 

of appointing him to the Mastersl 

Trinity; which design, however, w 

aside in favour of the present Bisk 

Bristol. But, April 9, 1^05, the 

Minister gave him the second Prebi 

the Church of Durham, and in the 

year he took his degree of D. D. - io 

the See of Carlisle was offered to Dr. Z 

but, in consequence of his advancef^ a| 

retired habits, he thought propiM*. I 

dine the acceptance. Besides souk 

nymous publications, he was the s 

of, ** llie Crucifixion, a Seaton 

Poem," 1765, 4to. — ** A Sermon pra 

at the primary Visitation of William 

Bishop of Chester, held at Ricbmo 

Yorkshire, August 21, 1789," 4to. 

Inquiry into the Prophetic Cbarac 

the Romans, as described in Daak 

23— 25i'» 1792,8vo.— .** An Address 

Clergy of the Deaneries of Rich 

Catterick, and Borooghbridge," 179* 

" A Discourse delivered to the Clergy 

Deaneries of Richmond, Catterick 

Boroughbridge, within the Diooe 

Chester, at the visitation held in 

and 25, 1793, and published at 

request," 4to. — ** The good Schoc 

ter, exemplified in the character 

Rev. John Clarke, M. A. formerly 

of Trinity College. Cambridge, wm 

cessively master of the Schools of 81 

Beverley, and Wakefield," 1798, ^ 

<* An Attempt to illustrate some. 

Prophecies of the Old and New ' 

ment," 1800, 12mo. — *' A Sermon pi 

ed in the Cathedral Chuich of Darli 

the Assizes holden July 30,. 1806," 

'< Memoir of the Life and Writii 

Sir Philip Sidney," 1808, 4to. — • 

moir of the Life of John Sadbary« 

Dean of Durham," 1806, 4to. 

Dr» ZouetLwas jdio tha Ediloc 


The Rev. Thomas Zouch, D. B. 


^ Love and Truth: in two modest and 
peaceable Letters concernini^ the dis- 
tempers of the present times. Written 
ft-ora a quiet and conformable Citizen of 
London, to two bosie and fkctious Shop- 
keepers in Corentry : with notes and a 
preface by the Editor," 1795, Sto. This 
edition of a tract written by Isaac Walton, 
is dedicated to Mr. Henry Zoocb. 8. « The 
Lives of John D«nne, Sir Henry Wottoii, 
Mr. Richard Hooker, Mr. Geor^ Herbert, 
and Dr. Robert Sanderson $ by Isaac Wal- 
ton : with notes, and the Life of the Au- 
thor," 1796. 4to. An- octavo edition ap- 
peared in 1798. 

In a vohime intituled " Odes on Peace 
And War, written by many emhient and 
distinguished persons," London, 1795, 
are three poems, one by Henry Zouch, 
B. A. Trhnity College, and two by Tbos. 
ZoQch, B. A. Fellow of the same College, 
and University Scholar. Mf. Henry Zonch 

died at Saadal, June 17, 1795; and is 
commemorated by bis brother Thomas tn 
our vol. LXV. p. 700. 

The following inscription on a tomb in 
tbe Church-yai*d Of Sandal, evinces the 
pious veneration of Dr. Zouch for the me- 
itoory of a near relation, formerly rdfctor 
of l^ndal : 

Hie requlescunt ossa 

CaroU. Zouch, ^. M* 

per 36 annos indign]88imi 

biijusce parochias 

roioistri. Ob. 27ino die 

mensis Julii, anno 17ji4. 

En viri sanctissimi modestia, . 

qui Epitapbiuni re iudigaum 

inscribi voluit, cum viia 

et merita ejud laudes omnes 

iongfe superarenU 

T. Z. 1805. 


1815. Dee. 1 6. Died, at the manor bouse 
of Keadby, in Lincolnshire, in his 70th 
year, Samuel Dunn, esq. Fully to re- 
cord the merits of a man who was con- 
tinually active in the busy scenes of life 
for nearly half a century, wottld encroach 

ry, mndi improved the cultivation. Dur- 
ing one of the scarcities in London, he 
brougbt up from this estate alifj;e quan- 
tity of p>tatoe«,' which be [tfersoiraily first 
distributed amdhg his friends at very 
abated prices, and to the poor and needy 

b^ond the Ihnits of these pages i yet gratuitously, ^aoy other charit^rble and 

0ome notice of a gentleman, remarkable friendly acts have perpetuated his name 

DcM only for his unweafried perseverance, in the circle of friends, and of those who 

bnt also for his unostentatious charity and had the felicity to be ktiown to him ; for 

benlfV(^ence, has been ihooght requisite wherever he thought good could be done, 

to depatted merit, and worthy a place in Or service rendered, no jiatns were Spared: 

thilt *< living Ma|;iiziiie,*'a8 he used to call be was delighted with such (Krvice. When 

it, where tisefiil lives should l>e recorded, in 1794 he retired frOm* being Se6r«tary 

and which is continnally speaking useful to Mr. Addington, he wasr appointed one 

things to the rising generation. Mr* Dunn of the Commissioners of the'Lottery, which 

#as bred to a clerkship, and early in I ifejoiii- situation he filled with tiha bated activity 

ed his fortunes to Sir Fletcber Norton, by and diligence. The work, however, which 

whom, when he becaUle Speaker of the will perpetuate his nam^ and his ingenious 

House of Commons, he was, in 1773, ap- labours to posterity, are two Volumes of 

pointed Secretary, a situation more of ho- Geruirat Indexes to the Journals of thsf 

iiour than profit; more of eriUcai and re- House of Commons, each consisting of 

sponsible labour than of adequate remu- more than 1000 printed pages. The use 

Deration, but, tike the cHaplainship, of an Index to any volume, most of us 

considered as the prelude to better provi- are sensible of; but a General Index to 

aion. Mr. Dunn continued in thio situa- many vuinmes, of volumes containing a 

tlon throagh successive Speakers — Mr. diversity of proceedings in the great AS- 

Comwall, Mr. Grenville (now Lord Gren- sembly of the Nattqn, on the variety o^ 

vllle), and Mr. Addington (now Lord Sid- subjects that come before theni, is no small 

fnoutb), for more than 20 years--* a good object to contemplate upon, no small la- 

evidence ' of his pet^ev^ring rectitade. hour to execute. Mr. Dunn's first. Indev ia 

But his atrtive mind did not bonfiner him to to eleven volumes (3CKXV. toXLV.) from 

the duties of this tHuatioh only: he was the New Farliament in 1774 to the emJ of 

for many years the diligent and active the Parliament in 1790, a period of busy 

Secretary to the Society of Arts and Ma- time&, and in which there is a great variety 

Bufactures ; and communicated, or was of cases and precedeurs. Getieral Indexes 

the means of communicating, ihany useful to the Journals were often contemplated ; 

hints on Agriculture, and the implements but it was not till the early part of Mr, 

used in that science. He became possess- Dunn's secretaryship to Sir Fletcher Nor- 

ed of land in Lincolnshire, wtilch in the ton, that so laborious a task was attempt* 

vacation he diligently -tooked Afteir, and, ed ; and then four gentlemen, Mh Con* 

by tcmperaoee and lUndnen to his tenant'* ningham, the Rev. Mr. Forstbr, the Rev. 


86 fifenioir of Samuel Dunn; Esq. [Jan. 

Mr. Fiexmao, and Mr. Moore, andcrtook oat rendering such previously mide refer** 
the first 34 volumes: these were begun ences nugatory and perplexing; he there- 
about the year 1774, and were completed fore trusts to the caodour aud kindness of 
in about «even years afterwards, each the House, which he has before experi- 
gentleman's part making one volume, enced, and is particularly thankful for, for 
Mr. Dunn's volume, as he telU us in the an approbation of bis present labours, ill 
preface, is made on the plan of Mr. which he has spared no pains, nor lost any 
Moore's, and is a general index or digest time in bringing to their present state, 
of eleven volumes, of 16 years' proceed- and which he sincerely wishes may prove 
ing:9, begun about 1794, and Bnished in of general use, Adelphi Buildings, Feb. 3^ 
1796. His second index is to ten volumes, 1803; Sam. Dunn."-— That Mr. Ounn'e 
from 1790 to the 1st of January 1801, the two General Indexes to 21 volumes of the 
Union with Ireland. There was an addi- Journals of the House of Commons, com- 
tional and unforeseen labour attending prehending their proaeedings .from 1774 
this volume ; which, perhaps, cannot be to the end of 1800, have been of infinity 
better told than in Mr. Dunn's own words ( use, will be readily acknowledged by 
** It having been determined, previous to every one who has bad occasion to ooaU 
the gr^at event of the Union with Ireland, suit Uiem, either as a digest of so much 
that this ^ueral index should only in- Parliamentary History, or as a clue to re- 
elude all the transactions of the Parlia- corded or as otherwise bidden precedent# 
ment between 1790 and 1796, and when and proceedings of the great Conocil.of 
collected should be made ready for print- theNation. Mr.Cruden's laborious and u|ie* 
iiig; and a Committee of the House of ful Concordance is a monument of ardent 
Communs having been appointed to in- pc ^severance; nor will Mr. DuniPs labours, 
sped and report upon the work, which in his two volumes of Indexes, lose any 
rbey did in terms of approbation ; the Uiing by the comparison. In less ttiaii 
Coinpaler paged his sheets, numbered the seven years Mr. Dunn completed two 
articles under each bead, aud made it General Indexes^ one of them under per-. 
ready for the press ; when, it being plexing and tiresome circumstances ; and 
thought more proper to bring the index they will be a lasting monument of bis in- 
down to the commencement of the Union, defatigable perseverance. — Amongst other 
namely, the 1st of Jan. 1801, he was di- general acquirements, Mr. Dunp bad 
4 ecied to incorporate the Journals from some koowleidge of Medicine ; and be bat 
1797 to 1801, in the work which he had been known to prescribe, with no ordinary 
thus finished and made ready for print- success, to the poor and indigent, always 
ing." Intricate and laborious as this may purchasing for them the medicines.-— He 
readily be conceived to have been, tp in- was twice married ; and, besides meiyf 
corporate the proceedings of four busy Ses- friends to lament his loss, she wbo aur* 
:»ion8, as recorded in four volumes, it did vives him will feel it greatly ; yet be de« 
not dispirit or discourage Mr. Dunn: he sired it might be put on his tomb-stone 
setaboutthe task with bis accustomed re- otherwise, " mot losTj but gone bb- 
solution, good natnre, and b' ^cst perse- fore!" which brieBy cbaracteirizef hi|a 
verance ; and though he has been often in all bis life and proceedings* 
beard to lament the labour, it was only ■ 
because it prevented him from more fre- DEATHS. 
quently attending hi« friends, and per- 1815, TN Camp at Ahowlah, Licnt-cpl. 
forming in person those acts of charity July 28. George Neale, commanding 
and benevulence, and of public duty, the 2d Brigade of Light (Cavalry. WitA 
which bud been the ordinary habits of his heartfelt grief his brother officers deplore 
liic, and pleasure. But let us quote his his loss; and many of the junior part of 
own words' on this addition to his labours : the army, who have been placed under 
** Although," says he, ** it appeared to his command, lament ai for a father. Hib 
the Compiler very difficult to introducethe hiunane and liberal heart, delighting in 
new work into the already compiled pro- continual acts of benevolence and gcnerp- 
ceedings; and that it would be attended sity,and.his unbounded hospitality, are loo 
with considerable additional care and la- well impressed on the minds of many, 
bdur ; he, to shew his ready attention to ever to be forgotten. The Service has 
the intimations made to him, resolved to lost an officer of distinguished zeal and 
undertake it. In the performance, how- merit. During his long military career^ 
ever, of this part of bis duty, he found and in the execution of his duty, he waa 
that many of the new articles must bear always determined by those conscientioiis 
the numbers of some other transaction, re- feelings which alone can sway an bonour- 
gularly placed before them and already able and independent mind. In bit last 
numbered, because references from one illness he excited an anxiety and interest 
part of the work being made to other in all ranks, in the camp ; and he was fo!- 
parts, alterations by removing numbers lowed to the grave by hundreds, whose 
could not io all instances be xnade, with- tearful eyes and unaffected sorrow ^po|(e 

- more 

18 16.] Obituary ; with Anecdotes of ritmarkahle Persons. W 

more forcibly of his virtues, than this 
faint tribute of respect and affectioii to his 

Nov, 16. George Ciarkci a native, and 
an eminent solicitor b^ Bewdiey, in the 
•Oflniiy of Worcester. He deserved in so 
high a degree, not only the affectionate 
regard of his delations and nnmerous 
friends, but the respect of all who knew 
him, that his illness excited a very gene- 
ral interest in the neighbourhood of the 
place in which he lived. — ^ " Audi et al- 
teram Partem*' was the constant rule of 
his professional practice : he was therefore 
esteemed the common friend and media- 
tof of all parties, rather than the advoc^tis 
of any, and his death was consid^ed as a 
public loss. The inhabitants expressed 
what they felt, knd paid a tribute of 
respect to his memory, not often paid to 
a private individual, by keeping their 
windows closed on the morning of his in- 

JVev, 30, At her brother's, in Bridge- 
north, Mrs. Turner, relict of the late 
Thomas Turner, esq. of Caughley, co. 
Salop, and a magistrate for that county. 

Dec» 7. At Ossington, Notts. Char- 
lotte, wife of Right Hon. Charles Man- 
ners Sutton. 

At the vicarage, Mattersea, aged 56, 
Uev. Wm. Hodges, A. M. late of Christ 
Church, Oxford, vicar of Mattersea and 
Hayton, Notts, and master of the Hos- 
pital of St. Mary Magdalen. By his 
deftth his family are deprived of aq af- 
fectionate and indulgent parent^ the 
pablick of a zealous and active magistrate; 
and the church of an eloquent and ortho- 
dox defender. 

At Newport, Isle of Wight, Harriet, 
wife of Rev. Peter Geary. 

Dec, 8. At her father's, J. Street, esq. 
Beaufort Cottage, Clifton, Eliza, wife of 
L. Westley Dampier, esq. . 

AtCamboroe,Cornwall,Wm. Harris, esq. 
At Beaufort Castle, in the Aird, near 
Inverness, in his 80tb year, Hon. Archi- 
bald Fraser, of Lovat, col.-commandane 
of the 1st reg, of Inverness-shire local- 
militia, sometime British Consul at 
Jtlgiers, and afterwards M. P. for the 
county of Inverness. He was married to 
Jane, only sister of Sir William Fraser, 
bart. late of Ray Lodge, Essex, by whom 
he had five sons, all of whom he survived, 
iiis eldest son, who possessed distin- 
guished abilities, sat in the. first Par- 
liament of the Uai^ Kingdom ; he was 
also colonel of the Fraser Fencibles 
some ye^rs, and went with them to Ire- 
land, where fatigue brought on a con- 
sumption, and he died at Lisbon, whither 
he had gone for the benefit of his health, 
in April 1803. The widow and mother 
still livet, 10 lament the lots of all her 

Dec. 9. At Bath, aged 72, Richard 
Aldridge, esq. formerly banker of Bristol. 
At Bath, after a servi<^6 of 59 yeai^ 
in the British Army, in his 76th year. 
Major R. Brown, late of the 3d Veteran 

At Bath, Wm. Whittington, esq. firth 
son of Thomas Whittington, esq. late of 
Hamswell House, co. Gloucester. He 
married Jaue^ youngest daughter of Col. 
Fleming Martin, who survives him. 

At Madeley, Salop, Mary, widow of 
Rer. J: G; Fletcher, late viCar df that 

Dec. 10. M; Anthony, esq. of Ship'- 
pon House, Berks, in the oommilSion of 
the peace, and a deputy lieutenant for 
that county. 

At Lambridge House, near Bath, this 
wife of Dr. Haygartb. 

At Higbfield, near Manchester, Johft 
Greaves, esq. banker, a gentleman of 
genuine worth and high respectability. 

At Balbithan, co. Aberdeen, Mrs. 
Forbes, widow of the late Wm. Forbes, 
esq. of Skellater. 

Dec. }l. Whilst on a visit at her sis- 
ter's, ' Bickham House, Timberscdmb^, 
suddenly, the wife of Captain Jefwef, 
North Cornwjall local -militia, daughter of 
the late Edw. Gostwyck, esq. of North 
Fawton, and niece of the late Sir Vf. 
Gostwyck, bart. 

At Edinburgh, Mrs. Forrest, widow of 
W. Forrest, esq. and sister of Vice^adm.^ 
Sir G. Home, bart. 

Dec. 12. At Paris, Ensign A. M*Lach- 
lan, of the 92d, formerly of the 54U] regt. 
Dec. 14. At Membery, near Ram<- 
bury, Wilts, the wife of Richard Towns- 
end, }un. esq. daughter of Mr. J. Rud- 
hall, formerly proprietor of the Bristol 

At Amiens, Lady Coghiil, only sur- 
viving daughter of J. Hort, Abp. of Tuaut, 
and relict of Sir Tohn Coghili, -bart. 

Dee. 15. At Tuobridge Wells, Emily, 
fourth daughter of Hon. Mr. Douglas. 

At Clifton,- Joan Tuckey, esq. of Chip- 
penham, Wilts. ' 
At Taunton, aged 69, Sir John Letb- 
bridge, bart. of Saudhill Park, Somerset; 
created a baronet, May 12, 1804. He 
married, in June 1776, Dorothea, • eldest 
daughter of William Buckler, esq. of 
Boreham, Wilts; by whom he had issue 
Thomas Buckler Leihbridge, M. P. fdr 
Somerset in 1806 and 1807, who suc- 
ceeds to the title and estates ; and two . 

At Balhford, in his Tid year, James 
Mounsher, esq. many years of H. M. 
Customs, Bristol. 

At Ringwood, Hants, aged 42, Melan- 
thorn Townsend, esq. i 

At Dublin, Major Hamilton Archdale, 
50th reg. 


66 Obituary; with Aneedotts qf remarkable Persms, [J»q. 

Id Dublin, ThoR. Bell, esq. M. D. 

Dec. 16. Ki her 60tb year, Anne, 
wife of Stephen Hale, of Castiegalc-farm, 
Theobalds- park, Herts. 

J^ec. 17. At St. Deonis, near Parii, 
John Wm. Pratten, esq. surgeon in th# 


Dec, 18. Edw, Hilii^rd, esq. of Cow- 
ley-house, near Uxbridge. 

In her 54Jb year, Mrs. Teresa Horny* 
•Id, relict of Thomas Hornyold, esq. of 

Of the typhus fever, aged 12, William, 
and on the following day, aged 11, Thos. 
sons of Mr. Francis Mason, ShWley Mills, 
CO. Derby ; and on the 3Ut, of the same 
disorder, caught by attending upon them, 
aged 40, the father. Being bereft of bis 
wife in child -bed in February last, he has 
left seven orphans to lament the loss of ja 
tender father. 

At Heath, near WakeEeld, co. York, 
in her 69tb year, Frances, relict of Le 
Geodre SUrkie, esq. of Huntroyde, Lan- 
cashire. Her remains were interred ip 
the family vault, at the foot of the altar* 
in Padibam Church, on the 27th. She 
was the only daughter of Walter fUmB<leii 
Hawkeswortb, esq. of Hawkes worth and 
Famley, co. York. She had only one 
child, the late Le Oendre Pierce Suikie, 
esq. whose death is announced in our 
vol. LXXVH. p. 1169. He died Oct 25, 
1S07, aged 37, leavkig issue by his wife, 
Chailolte, youngest dan. of Rev. Benjamtn 
Preedy, D. D. (x\ ho died April 30, 1801; 
see vo). LXXl. pp. 764, 956) three sous 
and one daughter. — The immediate sub- 
ject of this memoir was a lady of gentle 
jnnoncrs, and of such a kind and amiable . 
disposition, that during life she was sin- 
cerely beloved, and at her decease most 
deservedly lamented, by all who bad the 
honour and happiness of her acquaint- 

Dec. 19. At S. Farmer's, esq. Non- 
such Paik, Surrey, Thomas Mills Pot- 
ter, esq. 

At Bath, in her 33th year, Eliza, wife 
of Stewart Crawford, M. D. 

Dec, 20. At Staplehurst, Kent, Nicho- 
)as Toke IJsborne, esq. of an anlieni and 
respectable family long settled at Staple- 

Dec. 21. At Combo Wood, the seat of 
Earl of Liverpool, in his Wtb year, Wel- 
lesley Bankes liicketts, second son of 
Charles Ricketts, esq. Secretary of the 
Public Department of the Government of 

At Rose-green, near Battle, aged 89, 
Gen. Piescoit, colonel of the 28th regt. 

Aged 76, Mr. Wm. Cole, of Wareham, 
Dorset; many years alderman of that 

In his 47th year, T. Ti, Brooke, esq. of 
Meie«hall, Cheshire. 

Dec. 22. At Clifton, in her 73d year, 
Mrs. Martha Hoghes, youngest daughter 
of the late Isaac Hughes, esq. of Bao- 
fttead, Surrty. 

Dec. 23. At Cheam, aged 71, Mr*. 
Palmer, widow of the late Tkomaa PjiU 
mer, esq. 

At Summercoats, Derbyshire, aged 10^, 
Sarah Hollingsworth, whf^ never ezpe^ 
rienced a month's illness, and retained ber 
faculties to the last. 

Dec, 24. At Marshalls, near Runv" 
ford, £ssex, Anne, widosr of Jackson 
Barwis, esq. 

lo bis 68ib year, John Hancbett, esq. ' 
Stooebouse, Devon. 

Pec, 25. At Reading, Sarab, wife of 
.Charles Stf>ck, esq. 

Dec. 26. At Southampton, in bis 75th 
year, James Baverstock, esq. late brewer 
at Altop. 

In Montpelier, Bath, Elizabeth Anne„ 
wife of J. Fydell, esq. of Boston, co. Uo- 
coin, daughter of the latf ChariesWood^ 
esq. of Tboresby in that county. 

Dec. 27. In Berkeley-square, Rt. Hon. 
Alan Viscount Gardner, K. C. B. 
vice-admiral of the White, flis Lord- 
sbjp, who was the eldest son of Alan, first 
Lord Gardner, was born Feb. 6, 177Slti 
and, followi^ig bis fiather's profession, was 
promoted Tery early to be a post-captaio ; 
attained the rank of rear-admiral of the 
Red, Aug. I, 1811 ; and lately bad .a 
coounand in the North Seas. He sac- 
ceeded to the title in Jan. 1809. He qaar- 
ried, fifst, in March 1796, Maria, only 
daughter of Thomas Adderley, of Imii- 
shannon, esq. which marriage was die. 
solved by Act of Parliament : and second- 
ly, in April 1809, <:barlotte, daughter of 
Lord Carrington ; and by her, who di«d 
in 1811, bad issue, Alsn Hyde, his suc- 
cessor in the title ; and a daughter. •— 
His remains were interred in St, James's 
new burial-ground. New Road, Jan 5. 

Rer. Dr. Lloyd, vicar of Ayle^barjr, 

Dec. 28. At Winchester, aged 4G« 
Capt. J. Butcher, paymaster of 2d batt. 
6th foot. 

At Scale cottage, parish of Greystoke« 
aged 70, .lohn Wilson, esq. 

Dec, 29. At Kensington, aged 10 years, 
Caroline Woodlay, fourth daughter f»f 
. Governor Woodley, of the Island of 

In her 19th year, Sarab, only daughtfr 
of Mr. Craft, of Burbage. 

Rev. Dr. Henley, rector of Rendleshaoi, 
Suflolk, late principal of the East India 
College, Hertford 7 of whom mor? in one 

Dec, SO. At Battle-bridge, in hie 56tb 
year, Mr. Daniel Bond, printer, son of 
the venerable Mr. Richard Bond, wtaMe 
death is noticed in vol. LXXV. p. 684. Bo 


1816.] Obituary; with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. 89 

was brought up -under hm father's eye,- hi 
tbe printing-office of Mr. Nichols j and 
coatioutfd there (with ihe exception of a 
short period during which he carried on 
business as a printer on bis own account^ 
but uhsuccessfully) till his death. As a 
compusitor* he was a most valuable as- 
sistant ; and his steady bervices might 
always be relied on. In early diligence . 
and application to business, he outrivaled 
his worthy fathers for, when not prevent* 
ed by ill health, he wasj in summer-tim^ 
almost uniformly at his post by day- 
break y and even in the depth of winter 
resigned tbe comfort of a warm bed at 
three or four o'clock in the morning with- . 
out regret, to trace his solitary path to 
his accustomed employment. Moral 
in his conduct, temperate and rationally 
frugal in his habits, mild and unpresum- 
ing in his manners ; he has afforded an 
example which others will do well to imi- 
tate. Mr* Bond, to more general acquire- 
ments, added a considerable taste in 
musick ; and those who have heard him 
when in health sing ** Then farewell, my 
Irim-built wherry," and songs of a similar 
cast, will not easily forget the feeling and 
expression which he infused into them. 
With such qualities, and claims to esteem^ 
it is not to be wondered at, that his death . 
should havei excited tbe sincere regret of 
those with whom he was coonecte<). 

In Be<)ford>place, Russell-square, Shr 
Charles Blicke, Knt surgeon to St. Bar- 
tholomew's Hospital, and author of a 
Treatise ** on the Bilious or Yellow Fever'' 
of Jamaica, 1772,»» 8vo. ' ^ 

At Shiphay, Devon; closing a life high- 
ly respectable for every amiable quality, 
and for the active discharge of every reli; . 
gious and social duty, iu his 80th year, 
Rev. Thomas Kilson, vicar of Lamerton« 
and in the commission of the peace for 
tbe county of Devon. 

At Taunton, aged 80, Major Abbott. 

At Stockton, in her 65th year, Mrs. 
Robihson, widow of the late William 
R. esq. of Middlesborougb, Cleveland. 

Dec. 31. At Fareham, Hants, in his 
77th year, P. Pattan, esq. Admiral of 
the Red Squadron of H. M. Fleet. This 
highly esteemed officer was a Lord of the 
Admiralty, when the late Lords Barham 
and Melville presided. His Treatise on 
the << National Defence of an Insular 
Empire*' excited considerable attention. 

Lately, In London, Mrs. Hanbury, 
relict of Wm. Hanbury, esq. of Kilmarsb- 
haH^ CO. Northampton, and of Shobden- 
court, CO. Hereford ; mother of Wm. 
Hanbury, esq. M. P. for Northampton. of Rockbear-house, Devon. 
' Aged 63, the wife of Asher Goldsmid, 
esq. of Leman-street. 

At Greenwieh, Mri. J)t Visme, relict 
Gbmt. Mag. January, 1816. 

of David De Visme, esq. of Great Missen- 
den, Bucks. 

Mr. T. Burke, engraver in chalk and 
mezzotioto. He was born in Dublin in 
1749, And became a pupil to Mr. Dixon 
the mezzoiinto engraver. He was a fa- 
vourite artist with Angelica . Kauffman, 
who, always preferred him to engrave her 

Berks. — A.t Newbury, aged 14, Ara- 
bella Georgiana, daughter of Charles Hop- 
kinsou, esq. Cadogan-place. 

Elizabeth, third daughter of tJie lat« 
Robert Lovegrove, esq. of Wallingford. 

Bucks, — At High Wycombe, aged 90^ 
Mrs. Anne Bishop, a maiden lady of very 
superior mental endowments, and last sur- 
viving, daughter of Rev. Mr. Bishop, of 
Frensham, Surrey. 

At. Amersham, the wife of Rev. Richard 
Thome, curate of that parish. 

Cambridgeshire, — Aged 68, Rev. Thot» 
Moore, of Peterborough, vicar of St. An- 
drew's and Si. Mary's^ . Whittlesea. 

Oieshtre. •— Margaret, wife of Rev. 
John. HoUon, of St. Peter's, Chester. 

At Cheadie, Mrs. Hall, relict of the 
late Rev. S. Hall, late of Manchester* 
only daughter of the late Rev. Radclyffe 
Rossel, vicar of Easingwould. 

Cornwall. — At Fajmouth, J. Tippett» 
esq. solicitor. 

At Madron, at an advanced age, . ■ ■ 
Hitchios, esq. in. the commission of the 
peace for Cornwall. 

Cumlmrland. — At Workington, aged 60, 
Capt. M. Pooiiv»nby, R. N. 

Derbyshire, — At Derby, Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of the late Aug. Parky ns, 
esq. niece of Adm. Sir John Boriase 
Warren, hart. 

At Littlepver, near Derby, Sarah, relict 
of Samuel Heathcote, esq I 

Aged 104, Martha Warriner, of Whaley, 
in the parish of Bolsov^. 

Devon. — > At Exeter, in his 96th year, 
Mr. John Louis, father of the late Adm. 
Sir Thomas Louis, hart. 

At Sidmouth, aged S8, Charles Sat- 
terthwaite, esq. third son of the late John 
Satterthwaite, esq. of Lancaster. 

Tbe wife of John Seale, esq. of Dart- 

At Topshara, C. Byrne, esq. 

Aged 83, Henry Hole, esq. of Ebbetly- 

At Plympton, after a long illness. Wm. 
Allen Kite, esq. nr,08t sincerely regretted 
by his family and firiends. 

-Dorset, — In the prime of life. Rev. J^ 
Foote, rector of Long Bridy near Dor- 
chester. The death of this young divine 
affords a melancholy, memento of the iu" 
stability of all human happiness. It waa 
only about four months ago that his 
father (J. Foote, esq. of Brougbtoo, since 



90 OUkuuy ; wUh JneciaM ^ fumMtMc Petwam. [Jail; 

dead of a aMfignanl fever) prewnted hin 
with the above liring, where lie was ex- 
tremely beloved by his oongivgatioa and 
all the&rst families in the neigbbeurftaod, 
for bis amiable and exemplary conduct, 
both as a maa, a friend, aod a divine. 
From this apparent happiness be bag 
been suddenly snatched away by a typhus 
fever, leaving a young widow with three 
children, and numerous friends, to laimtet 
bit loso. 

Durham. — At Hartlepool, aged €3, Carr 
Ibbetson, esq. some years since captain 
in the West York mtlitia. 

At South Biddick Hall, aged 44, John 
D. Larabtoa, esq. 

ftfjedr.-— Aged 22, Lacy, youngest dan. 
of the bte Christopher Parsoni, esq. o^ 
North Shoebury-bali. 

At High Ongar, aged 66, Thov. Soittner, 
e^q. in the commissuHi of tlie peace for 

Gloucesiershhi, -** Ai Gloucester, aged 
69, C. RudhaH, esq. 

At Bristol, aged 63, George Clowes, 
esq. formerly' a captain in the 8th foot, 
Ktationed in Canada before and during the 
American war. He was the youivgesi son 
of Mr. Joseph Clowes, of Utuxeter, Sta^ 
fiords hire, by Grace,- daughter of the Rev. 
J^ Cockayne, vioas of Dovebridge in 
Desby shire. 

At Cheltenham, aged-69i Benj. Prlead, 
esq. late of Newbory, Berks, 

At an advanced age, John- Halting, esq. 
many years ah alderman of Berkeley. 

At Charlton King's, Capt. J. Hanks. 

HarUs. — f'enelope, widow of Or. Henry 
Bowles, of Winchester. 

At Winchester, aged 84, the wife of 
£dw. Knapp, esq. banker. 

At Winchester, N. Pyle, esq. fbrmerly 
common brewer there. 

At Southampton, Mrs. Femon, relict 
of Rev. John Pentou, late rector of 
Brinkwerth, Witts, and vicar of East Wel- 
low, Hants. 

At Ower, near Romsey, J. MortiBiev, 
esq. in the commission of the peace for 
Romsey lufira, many years Regarder aod 
one of the. Deputy Surveyors of H. M. 
New Forest. 

At Highclere, aged 63, Rev. Arch. Gard* 
ner, rector of the parish of Henie, Oxon, 
and Sberncote, Wilts. 

In Guernsey, aged 92, Edw Le Maistre, 
esq.* upwards of 30 years senior jurat of 
the royal court in that island. 

Herefordshire. — At Ailstone-bill, near 
Hereford, in his 83d year, Wm.* Make- 
ham, esq. 

fftfnif.— .ReT.rhoft.Jack9on,LL.B. vficar 
of Waresley, and fbrmerly fellow of Pem- 
broke-hall, Cambridge, B. A. 176»j M. A. 
1772; B. D. 1792. 

Keni'^ln Canterbnry, Mary, wife of 
Wm« Carter, M. D. daughter of the 

late LafliedoC Lee, m^, Cottmi-toHy 

Salop; ; 

' At Canleirbttry^ Rev. W. Stfoiig, iMIer 
of Nertoo, and one of the; Its preaelteva «f 
the cathedral. 

At WouMham, near Boehestar, *«g«i 
76, Walter Burke, esq. one of ihe oldest 
plirserfe ia the Navy. He #a8 a native of 
Lhnerkrk, ahd entered the ttAvy under tbe 
protection of his kinsihan, the- late Bd-> 
miind Burke; served upwards 'of 30" 
years, during which he was present at tlw 
most decisive battles, and elosed bis naval 
career on the memorable 21st of October 
1805 ; whe» be had the henonr to tfuppmt 
the immortal Kelson in his last^omeiit% 
and relate the parthmlarsXyf what oeciirrtd 
at that eventftti period. He was thaa 
ptorser of .the Victory, and ■koeh estci i Bi ned 
by his Lordship ; and so great was lui' 
veneration for ou^ Hero, that ha vronM 
nevctr serve afloat after that dmjr. Ta 
htm. almost the last words of his lordship, 
previous to the battle, ««re iddre*«ed, 
**ilurke,*> said he, *< I expect to tea every 
man in bis station ; and if we suceaed to* 
day, jren and f will go to sea lio wOn I" 
— *Tbe uofihtunate, but gallabt Captahi 
Burke, of the Seagull, with a yoniigtr 
brother, (both of whom foniidered in tiat 
ship) were his sons, and also Lieut. Burhe, 
of this Martf, wlio was mortally 'wooiided 
in cutting out La Ch^rerette,' andstiebead^- 
ed by- board in|^ her, af^ reoeiyiai^ bis 
mortal wound. 

AtNewRomney, aged51,-tlie wifo of 
Rev. John Fresslique. 

At Headcorn, nhere, as the minlsier of ' 
the General Baptists, he labonted wiih 
fidelity and zeal, in thef>nmebf life. Rev; 
Joba Couplaod, a man of Ihrong mittd^ 
amiable mannersi, &ikd nnimpeachahhi 

' han4}etski^*''^ At Liverpool) whei« tlMi 
regiment had just arrived,"rbomaB Wdltnii^ ' 
esq. paymaster of the Hereford militia. 

At Liverpool, in his 66lh year, Rid^ 
Ciay, epq. late of Hackney. '' 

At Menchester, John Singletan, es^. 

At Overton, near Lan^sster^ ^^^\ 
daughter of Rich. Bagott, esq. 

Rev. Wm. Finch, rector Of St. Helaii'li, 
near Warrington. 

At Poolton in the iPylde, Agoetf wifli of 
Rev. Thomas Bownas. 

At Everton, aged 83, John Tarlton;^^. ' 

At Halewood, aged 38, William Waitt*^. 
wright, esq. 

At Buraley, Johd Holgate, esq. 

Jacob Schotes, esq. of WoodkHl, 'Ptait** 

j&eice^erffAire.-— At Barieston, aged %S^ 
Thos. Sills, gent. 

The wife of Rev. Mr. Dalby, viear of 
Castle Donington. 

At Deniiigton; aged 5§j ^ames Sbfteook, 
feut. ■■■•■:..•: J. ' 


1816.] Obituary i with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons, ^l 

Geo. Ha«res, gent, of Busbby. 
Lincolnshire, — At Grimsby, aged 87, 
£dw. Jewin, one of ihe oldest burgesses 
lOf that borough. 

At Gainsborough, aged 48, Capt. G, E. 
JBoultoii, l4th foot, late of Kein|»sey, aear 

At Casthorpe, aged SO, G. Clarke, gent. 
At Braudoo, Devereux Edgar, esq. for- 
merly an ennineut surgeon of bwaffbam. 

Monmouthshire. — Harcourt Roe, esq. 
comptroller of the customs, Chepstow. 

Norfolk, — ^Tbe wife of Thomas Gill, esq. 
•f Thetford. 

At Lynn, Scarlet, eldest sod of S. EYe- 
rard, esq. 

Rev. Tbos. Dummer Ley, rector of 
Crowntborpe, and vicar of Gooderstone. 

Northamptonsh, — At Sudboroi^^b-house, 
aged 21, Cbas. Aug. son of J. Dore» esq. 

Northumberland, — At bis brother** at 

Newcastle, aged 62, Geo. Davidson, esq. 

many years ao emiDent surgeon in London. 

At Newcastiei aged 49, Rev. Joseph 


Aged 60, Mr. Wm. Foster, of Norlb- 
chore, near Newcastle. In the early part 
i»f the revolutionary war with France* a 
£hip, in which he was mate, was taken. by 
a privateer ; and he only of the crew b9- 
ing left on board. with liz Freochmeo, 
contrived to retake her with that aumber, 
and brought her into port. 

Notts, — John Bates, gent, atdermao of 

At Noitingham, the wife of Henry Payne, 
M. D. 

Aged 65, Benjamin Bagshaw, esq. of 

At Newark, in consequence of tbe over- 
turning of the Wellington coach, from Bos- 
ton to Newaik, which he survived only 
four hours, aged 24, Martin, son of Mar- 
tin Bowes, esq. of East Retford. He had 
been married only, seven weeks* 

C. M. Sutton, esq. eldest son of J. M. 
Sutton, esq. of Kelham-hall. 

Salop. — At Whitchurch, aged 69, Rev. 
Thomas Jenkins, 39 years pastor to the 
congregation of the old meeting at Do- 

At Wenlock, the wife of H. Hinton, esq. 

Somersei,—' M Bath, aged 83, Mrs. 
Gompertz, mother of Leon Gompertz, enq. 
Frances, daughter of Stewart Crawford, 
M. D. of Bath. 

At Baih, aged 69, Major J. Barrington, 
late of the 56th regt He entered the 
army in 1770, served at the siege of Gib- 
raltar, and in the West indies under Sir 
€. Grey. He was an huoest man and a 
good soldier. 

At Clifton, having survived his wife 
about six weeks, Nathaniel Pitts, late 
captain in the Royal Marines, recently 
resident at Salisbury. 

At Cliftqn, the wife and daughter of 
James Mann, esq of Liuto^-place, Kent. 
. At Taupcon, aged 75, Isaac Badcock, 
esq. banker. 

Suffolk, — At Ipswich, aged 72, Mr. 
James Hay ward, many year;^ a consider- 
able merchant there. 
At Laiighaiii, aged 3lf, J. 6. filake. et(\. 
Aged 92, Tliomas Welch, esq. of Greai 

ff^arwickshirc-^M Birmingham, age^ 
28, Lieut. John Williams, 50ih foot. H» 
accompanied his regiment in the cam- 
paigns in Spain, was wounded at Vittoria, 
and was afterwards a prisoner in France 
Uil the peace of Paris. 

Wm. Penn, esq. of Birmingham, aq4 
of Tennall-ball, co. Stafford.^ 

At Coventry, W. Payne, esq. solicitor. 
At Leamington, aged 43, J. Wilcox^ 
esq. of Broom-court. 

At Leamington Priors, John Hunter* 
esq. late banker at Madras. 

Aged 64, Cbas. Newcomb, eiiq. of Stcike« 
near Coventry. 

At Castle Bromwich-ball, aged '78, Alex* 
Blair, esq. late of Portland-place. 

At SpringfitJd-bottse, aged 77, John 
iddims, esq. 

At Aiberstone, aged .18, Jaqdei, only 
son of Rev. James Chartres, rector of 
Hadden, in this county. ^ t 

In a fit of apoplexy, aged 30, Thomas, 
eldest son of Thomas Homi^i ay, esq. , of 
the Hyde, near Kinver. 

Wiltshire,-^ AH Ham, Rev. B. Watts. 
A. M. 

ff^rcester4lure, — A,t Worcester, sged 
92, Mrs. Montgomery, relict of Alex. 
Montgomf>ry, esq. nearly 40 yearf M. P. 
for the county of Monagban,. in the Irish 

At W4ck, near Worcester,t in his 78th 
year, Thomas Bund, esq.. 

At Bromsgrove, after a few hours illness, 

Mi!>8 UoUoway, daughter of the late Geo. 

Holloway, esq. ofNe^r-ball, Birmingham, 

. Yorkshire. — > At Wakefield, aged ^Y, 

Francis ii;igram, esq. 

At Bramiay Grange, aged 83, Mrs. 
Spencer, relict of Wm. Spencer, esq. 

Wa les. — At Brecon, Wm. Dyos, esq, 
of Guiidslield, near Welshpool. 
At Carmarthen, the, wife of Adm. Alms. 
Daniel Price, esq. solicitor of Taliey, 
CO. Carmarthen. 

John Jutines, esq. of Dolcothy, co. Car- 
maribtrn, a magistrate and deputy lieu- 
tejiaut for the county., 

At Maesgwrda. co. Carmarthen, ad- 
vanced ill years, Rev. Mr. Davies, minis- 
ter of>stephan and Llangi^unog. 

At Teijby, Martha, second daughter of 

the late Rev. T. L. Phillips, of Llynevwo^ 

CO. Carmarthen, and sister tu Lady Owen. 

At Swan:i0a« J. P. Leach, ettq. formerly 

Qf Munffluutlv 


M OhUuary ; wUh Anecdotes qf remarkable Persons. [ Jari# 

At Welcbpool, Elizabeth, widow of J. 
Williams, esq. late of Delannog. 

Mary, youngest daughter of the late 
C. G. Humphreys, esq. of Montgomery. 

Jan, 1. At Kensington, in her 80th 
year. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Archer 
Croft, bart. widow, first of — Brooke, 
esq. and secondly of Rev. Seth Thomp- 
son, who died Oct. 7, 1805. 

The wife of Mr. William Towns- 
bend, of Bridgnorth, butcher, after her 
confinement of her 14th child. She pos- 
sessed an early taste for poetry ; and pre- 
vious to her marriage, whilst living with an 
elderly lady at Bridgnorth, published a 
small volume of Poems on various sub« 
jects, chiefly of the pathetic sort, which 
shew her natural genius for that kind of 
writing, and do great credit to her talents. 

Jan» 2. At Harrow-on-the.Hill, James 
Edwards, esq. whose exquisite taste in the 
collection of rare and intrinsically valuable 
books, was eoHnently evinced by the ca- 
talogue of his library, which was sold last 
year(see vol. l,XXXV. i. pp. 1 55, 254, 349); 
and of whom we shall speak more at large 
in onr next. 

At Stow Hill house, near Litchfield, 
aged 88, Mrs. Simpson, relict of Stephen 
Simpson, M. D. of Wentwoith, Yorkshire. 

Jan, 3. At her mansion house, at Ast- 
ley Abbott, near BridgnoKh, in her 96th 
year, Mrs. Catharine Phillips, a maiden 
lady y who survived five brothers and six 
sisters, of whom eight lived to matu« 
rity, and died without issue. She lived 
generally respected, and by the few of her 
surviving intimates sincerely lamented. 
Charity was a principal feature among the 
many other virtues which constituted her 
character ; and one of tjie last solemn acts 
of her life has left the poor of her parish 
in possession of a lasting memorial of her 
benevolence towards them. She is suc- 
ceeded in the family possessions by Rich- 
ard Phillips, gent, of that plade, the only 
son of her first consin. 

Jan, 4. In Gateshead poor - bouse, 
where she had resided upwards of 50 years, 
aged 110, Anne Carpenter. 

Jan. 5. At the house of his grandson, 
(Mr. Vandenbergh), Shoe-lane, aged 77, 
after an miinterrupted state of good 
health until five weeks previous to his 
deaih, Mr. William Keep, late of Islmg- 
ton. By steady industry in his youthful 
days, and the zeal of his friends to pro- 
mote his interests, he acquired an ample 
fortune, which he has generously distri- 
buted among those wh^ be esteemed. 

Advanced in years, Edward Barnard, 
esq. of New Lodge, Kibwortb, co. Leices- 
ter, formerly an eminent stationer in Ave- 
BA aria-lane. 

Jan 6. Aged 78, Rev. Richard Kay, B.A. 
who was 53 years curate and incumbent 
of Wetherby Chapel, Yorkshire, and for- 

merly of Sidney SussexCollege, A.B. 1761. 

At the Rectory, Caversham, Oxob, 
after an illness of nearly two years, aged 
21, Robert, youngest son of Wm. SiniOD«fo 
Higgs. esq. Ha survived his brother 
Henry, one of the senior examiners of tbe 
Office for Auditing his Majesty's Public 
Accompts, only fifteen months. 

At Mote Park, co. Roscommon, in 
his thirty-eighth year, the Hon. Sir Bc|l 
ward Crofion, Bart, eldest son and heir 
apparent of Anne, Baroness Crofton-, 
in her own right. Sir Edward was bora 
Oct. 23, 1778 i succeeded his father Sir 
Edward, M. P. for the county of Ros- 
common, in the Baronetcy, Sept. 30», 
1797; married, Sept. 12, 1801, tbe Lady 
Charlotte Stewart, sixth daughter of Johi^ 
eighth Esgrl of Galloway, K. T; by whom he 
had issue five daughters and- a son, the prei> 
sent Sir Edward Crofiun, Bart, now in bis 
tenth year, and heir apparent to tbe 
peerage of Crofton. — The late Sir Ed- 
ward received his early education at E»on 
College, and was a descendant in the 
male line from a collateral branch of the 
ancient house of Lowther, of Lowtber -in 
Cumberland, whose elder branch enjOyt 
the peerage of Lonsdale. Sir Mdrciis 
Lowther (grandfather of Sir Edward) was 
the second son of George Lowiher, of 
Kilrue, co. Meath, by Jane Beresford, 
sister of Marcus, Earl of Tyrone ; be as* 
sumed the name and ann« of 'Crofton in 
right of hiif wife, Catherine Crofton, sister 
and heiress of Sir Edwai^ Crof«4»o, fifih 
bart. of Mote, whose ancestor.was created 
a baronet by Charles U. by patnnt dated. 
July 1, 1661, which title became extinct,' 
in 1780, in Sir Oliver Crofion, fifth and 
last baronet of the male line of ibe 
Croftons of Mote. — Sir Marcus was 
created a baronet, June- 12, 1758, as 
Sir Marcus Lowther Crofton, bart. of 
Mote. Ancient and honourable at 
was the family from which Sir Ed- 
ward Crofton drew his descent, he most 
himself have been considered as its best 
ornament, if elevation of mmd, rectitude 
of intention, and purity of heart, conhi 
dignify and adorn the human character* 
In public life an active, zealous, and un- 
compromising magistrate; tbe enemy of 
turbulence, but tbe friend of the^puur and 
UHprotected : in private, the affectionate 
husband, the tender father, and the warm 
but unprofessing friend. Jn bini his 
tenants have lost an indulgent landlord -— 
bis dependants and the poor a kind and 
judicious benefactor. His life was spent 
in exertions to better the condition of the 
peasantry of the county in which he lived> 
by setting on foot, and promoting with 
bi84>oi^e and interest, those public works 
which could best afford them employment, 
by contributing to their instruction, and) 
above all, by upholding by bit inAoence 


MU.] Ohihiary; wUh Anecdotes of rematkable Perlmk. 93 

tod example, and without regard to penoii- 
al iaeoBveaieaeey the impartial adminiftra- 
tkm of justice. — Some.uofortimatety cob«^ 
earring circumstances, of a domestic 
Mitxne, are said to have ansettled a mind 
nttumlljr ardent' and susceptible, and led 
to an a<A, the only one of hit life to which 
his frieuds may not, look with pride and 
approbation, which has agonized a most 
amiable and interesting family, and will 
long be- deplored with more than the garb 
•f woe by the many elevated characters 
iPitb whom he was connected. 

Jam. 9. At bis bouse near the Wind 
Mill Hills, Gateshead, Duiham, in his 
4Sdyear, Mr. Tbos. Thompson, merchant, 
who united in his character every pro- 
perty that constitutes a good, a usefal, 
and a -virtuous member of sogiety. He 
was an excell^t husband, a tender fa- 
ther, most affectionate to his relatives, 
and charitable to the distressed. He en- 
deared all (and they were many) who 
knew him, by a temper good-natured in 
^ extreme ; and his obliging inclinations 
were such, that the mere strauger, who so- 
journed but the moiety of a day under his 
roof, eooceived for him a lasting sentiment 
ef regard ; for, whether in acts of hospi- 
taKty or otherwise, he was ever most eager 
to rander himself useful to those who had 
aey claim to his friendship. But, alas ! 
■uto is that tongue which so often charm- 
ed the social circle, and aet the table in a 
loar. It were unnecessary to »ay how 
much his presence was courted wherever 
hmnour and vivacity were considered as 
ii^edients contributory to social recrea- 
tioo. There are few in this ne-ghbour- 
hood who have not been entertained with 
Us local songs, written by himself in 
the pure Newcastle dialect, and sung by 
him with a playfulness and humour that 
transported every genuine Northumbrian. 
In 1796, when Britannia's sons eagerly 
iew to arms in defence of that country 
and constitution which are sO correctly 
designated the wonder and admiration of 
the worid, the deceased became the acting 
Qaarter- master of the Newcastle Light 
Horse, commanded by tbattisealous officer, 
Captain (now Colonel) Burdon ; and sob- 
tequently, when Col. Burdon assumed the 
command of the South Tyne Legion, he 
was promoted to the rank of Captain in 
the cavalry, and on all occasions shewed 
himself an active and able officer. In his 
eoQMnercial transactions he was equally 
remarkable for that straight-forward and 
liberal conduct which so pre-eminently 
dntinguishes the British merchant. With 
regret then* no doubt, will the reader 
Icmm, that the death of the deceased was 
•ccationed by an over-exertion to save 
bit property, during the violent storm in 
the night t>etween the 29th and 30th olt. 
' Toe earelest of a life in itself so valuable, 

he was seen repeatedly plunging into the 
river, anxious to save bis floating timber 
•re it was swept away 'by the Overwhelm- 
ing torrent. He, iu consequence, caught 
a severe cold, which ended in an inflam- 
mation of the liMgs; and all tb^ art of the 
materia medica was unable to arrest the 
hand of Death. Though |tbe writer of tbk 
article was warmly attached to him, there 
is no reader who knew the deceased but 
will be aware of the strictest adherence to 
truth ; and will long remember the subjeet 
of it with affection and estoem. . 
'* Though low hi earth, alas ! our friend 
be laid. 

And all the solemn obsequies be past, < 
Think not oblirion e*er her gloomy shade 

On our affection or his worth shall cait: 
No; where the relics of this good man 

Long shall fond memory repair, and weep.** 

Jan. 12. Aged 82, Mrs. Sarah Toting, 
of Newmarket, mother of the wife of the 
Rev. T. Prevost, vicar of Ti>bury, Wilts. 
She had the honour to be wet-nurse to the 
Duke of Clarence^ and from a oonscien- 
tious discbarge of such trust allotied to 
her, she shared the liberality of his Royal 
Highness, and also that of bis Royal Mo- 
ther, the Queen, until her death. The 
virtues of a private individual could not be 
more strikingly exemplified than in the 
life of this amiable and renevable ladjr. 
Her anxiety was invariably to strive after 
the great duty of real Christian pride and 
ambition, " to love your neighbour as 
yourself;'' and the means she possessecl to 
its attainment were manifested by her 
mind and conduct. So highly was she in- 
gratiated in the favour of the ftoyal Fa- 
mily, that whenever they visited or passed 
through the town of Newmarket, their 
first inquiry was made after thf^irold and 
valued acquaintance. She stodied to 
soothe the cares of such as solicited her 
aid, and sought after and delighted in the 
action of making herself respected, by 
those who bore her company. No charac- 
ter was more esteemed amongst her 
friends, and few have been consigned to 
the tomb amidst more gt^neral regret. * 

%fan. 14. At the Minister's house, ad- 
joining the new Chapel, St. John's. Mary- 
le-bone, aged 25, Mary- Anne, ibe wife of 
the Rev. Okey Belfour, and youngest 
daughter of the late J ihu Greenwell, esq. 
Her blameless life, her unaffected tender- 
ness, her pious sense of every duty, her 
patient sickness and tranquil death, while 
they soothe the recoll«ciions of an afflicted 
husband, are here recorded, to perpetuate 
the memory of a young and amiable wo- 
man, who was only seventeen months a 
wife, and five weeks a mother. 

Jan, 15. At Paddingtoo Green, esteem* 
ed, respected, and beloved by all who 
knew him, aged 80, Mr. John fright. 

94 Ohiluary: with Aneeioteii — Xfeteorplogieal Diary.. [J*ri. 

feriDcr^ BNtler oT Itn Hatal euKti by hli pre-oniantt diiiinMnn «<iiah reii*4 hint - 

■aiDB in Solio-fquare. He had retired to a great height in the Inman icala, *H 

fcora IiuiIdcm for lome yean pait; aod the large b>n<T(ileDcaafl»lwatt,«»br«fr 

baiin private life been no lesa reapautabts ing Ibe wbele compaw of tW animal orear 

than ill fail public character. He waasa. tloai hlalifevai replete »>ih bntfttWWb . 

cial and featiTe in lita diiposition, but lem- ■nd the ekaMtler«f it wat ■ritlen lag Hi ly 

peraie in all hi* enioynigeti, and rational on fak eonolenaQee, bearing, a* bedidiM 

HI all hii habiw. Born with lemibilitira bi* bo<wM bro«, the onl; gvDuio' mMk 

that made him qaick and altra to all that of true CWMUoky — -■ Qood . NiU U 

pagied araand bim, be preierred them men." 

■nimpaired tothe lanhouT. It bm a lin^ Atber honae at Obldc* HW, Hm^ 

fular and iniereiling ipecuele to behold (tewi, at an adtUK^d afe, BlisakMk 

aman vho bad pa iKd ao large a portion Donager Marcbioiniaof WWffctd.wMa^ 

ef hii life in the MetropoFia, wilb luch of tbe lata moit Noble Ge<»|»'I>e In Pact 

pUR disinterenednem, and tueh perfeM Berairord, Harqaia ftf. WateriMi, -(irtM 

aimplicily of character. Wiih a laite. died in 1100] and nothar rf IhBflMMi I 

too, for ibe beamira at Katnre, of which Marquii and aeresal yoaiger mUnWI! 

ke iraa an Entbnaiawic admirer, an freah Thii eieelleat w<»aaa, d high birth aainf 

•nd unabated : the bud and bloaa.>gB at oonOBiioBa, wai daaghtar and betrela<i#n 

tlie Spring, the eipanded flower of Som. Henry Moucltj aaq. (unelatvUM VbcMMk^j 

ner. the tinted leaf or Autumn, tht hoar Aonck, of the f»miy at the MeoMMMi .- 
Duke of Albemarle) b; Lady laaballa ,■ 
Beniinoh, aecend daaghtar «f Rrory, liat ' 

bia aouiHt undertlanding. Duke of Portland, by Ladf Eliaabelb ' 

improtrd br conreraatlon, cuttirated by Noel, cideat danghter and c*-beinaa tt ■' 

reading, and strengthened bf reflrctiun, the Eail o^Gainabaniogb. AtUKngbUM' ; 

■applied bim with a larietf of renoarre* 'tmiteorber deaceotsaa great, bar viitaaa ■ • 

in rFtiremmt, to obtch the mindt of ordi- Tar outabone thia dittiadioa i m the paa< •! 

aary men, who have ipent their lives io fwnwikce of every religioaa aad BMal -'1 

buaineiB, are uiually ttrangen. He knew doty throngta life, the oaa a brigtU vtam -^ 

■otbing of the •rary bouri which so fti. pie to the world. Since Ih* death of h«r . 1 

qoenlly aiiae Froni want of oCcepatiuD and lamented Lord, 10 wbooa aha «a* foadtf " 

vacaily of mind, and make maay a maH alUcbed, tioat a Atlieaia ttaU «f heahk ' ' 

kok back with legrettoitac buiinefs be the wilbdrew heraelf from tl« *biM. aad- : 

had quittrd. Dc|ir<jsikin of npiriia indeed dedicated the remaiader at her daya M i 

be aumetinieii expaiienced ; but it «ai her children, who deeply deploaa thai»' >' 

such liepreBsioD a< grew out of liiiidDFae of reparable lo» tbey bare amtaiaei b]r ItM -it 

affrctian, occssiunat diiappointmenls, no- -deprivation ef a parent, wfaoaa hala*«d«a- 

avoiJable nneaiineH, or goaty hnnaonrt liiety waa one of tbeir gaeaWa* Hi wlia -r 

floaling in his habit. Bat tbt ^reat, the iB (ife. t 

Mbtbobological Table tor January, 1816, By W. Cakt, Stnikdv^ 
Height oF Pahrenbrit'a Tb«mMmeter. 


[ 95 ] ' 
BILL OF MORTALITY, from December 22, 1815, to January 2n,18ir». 

Males - 1055 
Females 970 



Males - 949 
Females 918 

Whereof have died under 2 years old 
Salt ,^1. per bushel ; ^^d. per pound 

2 and 5 
5 and 10 
10 and 20 
20 and 30 
30 and 40 
40 and 50 


50 and 60 t^ 
60 and 70 166 
70 and 80 11^ 
80 and 90 n$ 
90 and 100 13' 

AVERAGE PRICES of CORN, from the Returns ending January 20. 


s, d. 

V Hertford 
Huntibgdon 47 

Northamp. 46 

Rutland 48 

Leicester 51 
Nottingham 55 

Derby 55 

Stafford 54 

Salop 51 

Hereford 48 

Worcester 55 

Warwick . 49 

Wilts . 51 

Berks 56 

Oxford 46 

Bucka 51 

Brecon 55 

Montgora. 52 

Radnor 49 


s, d. 




























s. d. 



4 25 

5 22 



















3 35 








12#8 00 











Wheat Rye Barif date Bea 

-» / 

"• V- TT 

I Average of England aud Wales, per quarter 
52 6|33 2|24 8|18 7i30 
Average of Scotland, per quarter : 

41 10|32 li23 1|17 iai26 3 
Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Ma- 
ritime Dfstricts of England and W^les, by 
whic;h Exportation and Bounty are to be 
regulated iu Gkpeati Britain 

Essex 52 
Kent 54 

Sussex • 56 
Suffolk 49 
Camb. 46 
Norfolk 47 
Lincoln 46 
York 47 

Durham 48 
Nortbum. 45 
Cumberl. 52 
Westmor. 58 
Lancaster 56 
Chester 50 
Flint 48 

Denbigh 50 
Anglesea 50 
Carnarvon 60 
Merioneth 63 
Cardigan 55 
Pembroke 43 
Carmart. 48 
Glamors:. 6l' 
Gloucest. 5i 
Somerset 69 
Devon 61 
Cornwall 65 























7 00 



9 00 




7 00 















■ 7 








2 00 


4 2^2^ 























PRICP OF FLOUR, per Sack, January 29, 50*. to 55s. 

OATMEAL, per Boll of 140Jbs. Avoirdupois, January 20, 26x. 9d. 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, January 24, 56s. 8|rf. percwt. 

Kent Bags .'. 


5s. to 

1 5s. to 

6s. to 

8/. 8^. 

7/. 0.'. 

17/. Os.^ 

Kent Pockets 

..... 61, 15s, to 

12/. Gc. 

Sussex Ditto ...... 


Sussex Ditto 

Essex Ditto 

61. 6s. to 

8/. 10*. to 

9L Oa- 

Farnham Ditto ... 

* •• • X v^4« 

11/. Oy. 


St James's, Hay 4/. 5s. Straw 1/. \3s. 3d. — Whitechapel, Hay 4/. IOj. Od. Strzw 1/. \U, 

Clover 5/. 6*. Od — SmithQeld, Hay 4/. I2s.0d, Straw 1/. I5s.0d. Clover 5/. 12^. 6d. 

SMITHPIELD, January 29. To sink the Offal— per Stone of 81bs. 

Beef 4f. 4f/. to 5s. 4rf. 

Mutton As. Afd. to 5s. Ad. 

Veal 6*. Orf. to Is, Ad, 

Pork ^ 3s, Od. to 5s, Od, 

Lamb 0^. Od. to Os. Od. 

Head of Cattle at Market January 29; 

Beasts 1,880. Calves 90. 

Sheep 13,640. Pigs 440. 

COALS, January 29: Newcasfle AOs, Od. to ASs, Od. Sunderland A\s. Od. — 43^.0'/. 
SOAP, Yellow, 82j. xMottled 90^. Curd 94^. CANDLES, 1 1 s. 3d. per Doz. Moulds 1 2i 6(L 
TALLOW, per Stone, 8lb. St, Jameses 3s. Id. Clare Market O^. Od. Whitechapel 3 6 /. 

, i* 

[-96 ] 

THE AVERAflS PRICES of lfATTc*>Li C*sal Shm« »n-l Other PkOMiTT, !■ 

Jan. 181 Office or Mr. ""ioii, — 

l^Wt ^ di»i<l '■ 01.9231. 

■:■ .i.h ifi «« 

nnitic), U 

16/. ICi.— Sntrey Din 

lil. 12>.— Strand Bridge An- 


z ^ ii iii 

4 s. 




r, Bud Btvntv, Red Lioa PMaige, Flcit SiMet, Londm, 


London Gazetii 
Morniiig Chronic. 
TimeB-M. Advert. 
Brit. Presa— Day 
St. James's Chron. 
Sun— Even. Mail 

Pilot— Suteaman 
C. Cbron. 
Courier — Globe 
Eng. Chron.--tnq. 
,Cour. de Londres 
I Hue & Cry Police 
JLit Adv. monllitv 
;Bath3— BriBUl'S 
I Berwick — Bojlun 



Comw.-Covent. 3 

Derii. — Dorchegt. 
Duibam ^ Essex 
Kxeter2. Qlouc 
Halifax— Hano 
Hereford, Hull 3 
Leices.3-Ueds S 
Lichfltild, Liver.e 
Maidst. MaDch.4 
. Newc.3.— NoltB.3 
Norfolk, Norwich 
N.WalesOxford B 
Portaea — Pottery 
Preslon— Flyin.3 
Reading— Sal isb. 
Salop— SheffieldS 
Sh erborae, S nssex 
Staff.— Stamf. 3 
Taunton— TyDe 

FEBRUARY, 1816. SSr^iS 


CONTAINING s^^^""- « 

[Camb.— Chalh. 
Carli.2— ChelterS 
|Chelms. Cambria. 
iMeieorologiealUiariestbrDer. and Ftb. 98,190 

i JEBf^ceOBtitau^ ^Eatre^anfienct, iXc. 

iTomb of Qen. Fitzpairick.-Siagti Cuaches.9Q 
'fVoald incorrectly used for Should, Stc .... lOt) 
ilmproved Conslruciion of Buais suggeaiedlul 
Character orthelateCttaa. Duke of NoifolkllH 
Old Bam BtCholsey, Berk!, d<^acrib«l.... 105 
,Tour through vaHousPart* of Flanderi.&clCe 
'A Journey to the Isle otWight, 1153 .... 108 
I Ducheis of Cumberland. -Royal Aoecdotei. 1 1 3 
;OfUie LondouThuaLtes.— "The Globe" . 113 
jOn a Motiument loadistinguisbedOrator.llS 
Letters nf Mir. Harris k Mr. Highmore... 116 
Interprelatluii ofQ ']'heB<. ii. 3. — London' 120 
Latent AuiiqailiiiB, by Kev.r.D.Fusbrooke 131 

Petition of Sir Hans Hamillon, Bar' 133 

Remark* on a Print of ibe Fite of London 1 33 
Improved Organs of English Manufacture 125 
Premium* ai 8r. David's. — The Clergy.. ..I«6 
Pabliibers.-" Thistle."-" Spiritual Ptrlr." 128 
InlermeDl of the Poor at Maiy-le bone... 129 
Spring Guns and Men rr>pr..-Suort Hand 131 
MttCorotngicalN.imeuclatiire.-Sweetapple 133 
MonutiuouAngl.- HydraulicArcbitecturelS? 

Blenheim House.— Index Indicatorius 136 

Embellished with a Perspectire View ol 


neutcta of JUtta l^ublitationtf, 

Hislor}> Dt the City &»al>urbs ofWorceiter ISI 
Britten's Hiatory of Salisbury CalhedraL 13t 
Popular Description of St. Paul-BCathedralllO 
Speeches to Qu. Kliz. at Sudeley Castla. 
Walker on GunpDwder.-HinlsouMarriagel43 
Dr. Smith'* Manual oFIalia Grammar... 144: 
Park's Memoirs of William Stevens, esq. 146 
Selection from ip. Home on the Psalms.. 151 
Review op New Musical FvBi.icATioin...l53 


Selkct PoExay lor February 1816. 151--160 

Proceedings in presentScFiion of Parliament 161 
The Testament of Louis XVI. K.of Prapcel67 
Abstract ofprincipal Foreign Occurrence 
Shipwrecks. HS. — Domestic OccurreoBe*.l75 
Sheriffs; Circuits, 176.— Promotions, ftc. IT? 
Birtha, nnd Mairiaget. of eminent Persoui 178 

Memoir of Hon. Foster Hutchinsou l'" 

of James Ed«ard5.e*i). of Harrow I 

of Re*. Samuel Heoiey, D. D 1 

Bill of .Mortality.— P rives of Maikets, &c. 1 
Canal, tec. Shares.— Prices of Stocks. ... I 

old Bash at Choi. 

IT, Berks j 


f » J 

§u mi '. ^ 


1 i^.i^s . 



:.d -^i .... . 


V lo o> o c- o^>n i£ oi r- n V) I 

ywoiBS w5S 3 




" '■ 'mi i 

t •» ] 

For F E B R U A R Y, 1816. 

^T^ i ^ mt ^^ m ^^ a* ^^^ i 7^^^^ * *^^^»^m m i^^ SiSSSm3S ^^^!T^^^^T^^^^iC . 

vontheTona^ of GeiL R, .Fi^nfiATkict., 
in th0 Churcb-^rard at SuonlQ^ 
bill, Berks. 

The Bi|pbt Honourable 


SecdndSon of John, Earl of Upper Ossorfp 

and Evelyfo Leveton Gowei^» bis Wife» 

General of bid 4^edt/s Forces. 

CdkHMl of the 4rth Re^ment of Fooi^ 

W * j p Comisellor in both Kingddms/. 

attdK at diCerent tfnuis, Mmiber i»f 1^ 

Haoieat fbr *e Bordiji||l^ of TbviiNoellji 

. luwUbeCountf o^BaiiMd. . 
Ut tsiieo IkH the inportiaat otteo oT 
Seoietaiya^Wac^. . . 
aa4 once thai; of Seoretarji lio the ' 
Xoid JLdeiiteoant qI Iffelwlj, 

and was, during 

forty year^ tfafi intimate friend 

of Air. Fo«. 

He was an Inhabitant and Proprietor 

in this Parish. 

Bom tbeSbth'Jan. 1749» 


My. OWN Epitaph'* 
MHiose turn is next? this monitory. 

Replies, vain Passenger,perbaps thy own. 
If, idly curious, thou wilt seelc to know 
Wbose relics mingle with the dust below, 
SBough to tfU tbeo, tbkt his destined 
span ' [Man. 

On Earth he dweltj»-«»and, like thyself, a 
Nor distant far th^ inesltahhi day 
When tbpu, poor nu^rtal^ shalt like him 
be clay, [fA(ne» 

Tbroqgh life he walked unemulous of 
Nor wwh'd beyond it to. pfeserve a name. 
Content, if Friendship, o'«r his bumble 

' bier. 
Drop btit the heart-felt tribute of a tear's 
Thooi^b countless ages should uncon- 
scious glide, [died., 
Nor learn that ever he had liVM, or 


Sycb» Mr. Urbain, is Ibe Epitaph, 
lad IfltcripfeioA pJaced ob- a ttoiie sar- 
cofrfii^pif in the oiiial form, io tba 

Cliarch«>Tard at l^aiiQiiij^-hHI, close to 
the boaie where Gen. Fitapatrickli 
firiend G. ISKi, esq. lately Rred aai 
died) and tttB inJiabited by Mrs. 

ElUi. Xir. ' 

, Mr.nftBAii, Fek^9k . 

IWILL aot fatigue eiilief yon ot 
yoiir reaihrsy vitfi ap accoaal 
of Im plaaa that have been defied 
|p protect tiMi FoWkli af aiosi tli« 
aliiM9U|fslM0 almaetof 4Miif-#<HMA#f« 
oj meo who set op tb^r M^piiTettl 
gaffi aa pAramooat %m 9II possible 
consideratioiis* oC. conffort» aecitrilj» 
or.Jife ilfelf, to Ibe tqdiyidaats wIm> 
lfli|tWy tbem. -3ofii#! of tlMia pisn 
Ihave be«a ably explaiaed aa^ lil^n- 
Irau4 in jfonr 0^^ me«» But | 
shall nai a\ (iraseal recall the atteB* 
tioa of y<)uir read^i**- ^ tbem. Oaa 
abort poaitioa ia ali. that I wish» «^ 
this oceasioot to su^gasii which if 
tbif* That, aa some Hif thier taw mu9$ 
be made to secare the Jives and Ijinbt 
gf his Miviesty*t aubjeets. 9|:^Qst ilia 

• avarice of Qoa^h-driveraancl Coach- 
masters \ \ would suggest to the Le* 
gishitufet tf h'a^ly they will ^tteud ta 
ao anonyrnous reconiineAdaiioa, ^ 
9uike bat qne further eoaclmeiilt 
upon the sul^ect^ but to let tliat b^ 
brief and camprei)eiis»ve : namely» 
that, from tbe date of the Act tp be 
]^assed upou the subject, oo Coacb- 
VMii ffaail bepermiJtt^, 00 any pre. 

^^teooi^ whatever, to put ut^ kindtf 
Ai£geff^f whether light or heavy, up- 
on-IA^ re<»f of his coach, under such a 
penalty 4s^ th^ wisdom ot Parliaaoent 
ahail deem adequate; to be levjedt. 
bjf the ai<nple»t process of iufor.rna^ 
tton, before aay Magistrate what-i 

I need not explain to -any persoii; 
who has the slighrest idea ai me* 
chaoiet, that the pnacipi^l danger ex- 
perieaccd in these public carriages. 

100 Stage Coaches. — Would and Should misused, Kc. [Feb, 

fusion will at length result from coo- 
tinual misuse; and the correct dis- 
tinction forgotten, which is so often 
neglected. 1 am particularly led to 
notice this, at present, by a report 
which lies before me of Lord Cattle- 
reagh*s admirable speech in reply to 
Mr. Brougham, delivered on Thuri- 
day the 15(h of this mouth. 

The Reporter makes him say, in an 
early part of his speech, ** Speaking^ 
of this assumption, he would di^uise 
his own honest feelings if he did not 
state," &c. 

He ought to have written, '* Speak- 
ing of this assumption, he should dii- 
guise his own l^onest feelings, if,*' Ac* 
— He means to state a mere conse- 
quence of his not stating such and 
such things, not a determination to 
arise out of that omission. 

Again, '* The Cortes thought tb«t 
they would best effect their purpose, 
by uvertu ruing the entire antient 
system of the kingdom.*' Here their 
will has nothing to do with the mat- 
ter. Read clearly, ** the Cortes 
thought that they should best effect,** 
&c. Afterwards, still more absurdly ; 
^* For his own part, he (Lord Cas- 
tlerea^h) would always regret that 
the Km^ of Spain had not the means, 
after his return, of carrying into 
effect the declaration of the 4th of 
May.'* What, he was determined al- 
ways to regret it, was he ? No, it was 
no choice of his, it was matter of ne- 
cessity, the facts compelled him to 
regret it: therefore, the Reporter 
should haye written, ^* For his own 
part he should atwavs regret«'*,&c. 

It is a lamentable thing if we are 
always to be at this child's play of 
detecting grammatical blunders t ont, 
as long as the press is conducted by, 
men not trained to the niceties of onr 
language, we must be on the watch 
to prevent them from making cor- 
ruption current. The fault here no- 
ticed occurs perpetually. 

Another very common and almost 
intruded corruption, and I believe 
from the same source, occurs to me 
at tiiis moment. It is that of omit^ 
ting the preposition to after write^ 
WMcn followed oiily by that. Ex. 
*^ He wrote me, that he was comin|; 
soon to town." ** 1 wrote nim that 
his brother was ill.'* — Here it should 
be, *' 1 wrote to him,'* ** he wrote 
to me." When the Terb to wriUi 
goterns a case of lit own, tbea the 


a9 they are now managed, arises from 
overloading tbeni at the top$ the 
consequence of which is such a raising 
of the centre of g.ravity, that the 
smallest inequality of the road throws 
it beyond the base, formed by the 
wheels ; and of course produces an 

To what expedients they may 
have recourse, when this destructive 
mode of loading shall be absolutely 
prohibited, I do not think it material 
to inquire. Some there are, which 
tend to increase the security of the 
yehicle, by every pound which is add- 
ed to its burden; but these I shall 
leave them to find out for themselves ; 
my only wish is, that they should be 
completely prevented from hazarding 
the limbs and lives of innocent tra- 
▼ellers, inei eiy to increase their gains 
in the conveyance of goods, if it 
came to this, that all herivy goods 
were obllg^■d to be sent by waggons, 
I cannot think that any reasonable 
person would consider it as a cause 
for complaint. 

Yours, &c. Auriga. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 10. 

THE difficulty of distinguishing 
shall and will,would\na should^ 
has always been felt by persons not 
regularly initiated in the native use 
of our language. Nor is it yetvao- 
quished, after all the explanations 
that have been published. At least, 
\f shall and will fare better than they 
did, would and sAou/</ are still misused; 
and such is the prevalence of Scotch 
writers in our Public Papers, and 
other Periodical Works, that there is 
reason to fear an ultimate perversion 
of those puzzling words. As the 
Scotcn are remarkable for metaphy- 
sical he:id9, it is rather strange that 
they cannot keep in mind that will 
and would are never used by a person 
speaking of himself, unless his will 
and determination goes with the de- 
claration ( and the same distinction 
holds in recitmg the words of another 
person, of whom if we say that he said 
he would not do a thing, we ought to 
roeau that he was resolved not to do 
it ; hut if tie spoke of a mere conse- 
quence, not within the power of his 
ov^n voliliou, he ought to say that he 
should nevei do it. 

The neglect of the distinctions 
mee»j» us m almost every >ewspaper, 
till we cannot butapprehehd that con- 

1 SI $.] In^roved Qmitructm 

pfcpcifitioB before the perton.wriUea 
to maj be omitted. ** He wrote me 
an accoQBt of so and to." '* I #rote 
him an exact deKription of,*^ &c. 
Thif; however* it an ellipticaJ mode 
of ezpretuoa* for it ought regularij 
to he* *' 1 wrote to him an account,** 
&C. . The eUipfia leems to have- been 
admitted* to give an easier flow to the 
words. Bu t oae admitted licenee does 
not authorize another* which the 
language has not adopted. 

Yours, &c. PKisciAir. 

Mr. Urban* 

Feb. 10. 

TH£ indulgence I met with by the 
« insertion of an article for pro- 
viding greater safety in Fishing*Bjoiits 
and email Craft some little time ago* 
(October 1814, under the signature 
of Pbuohaut) bv the adoption of 
bolk-heads or cabins made water- 
tcht fore and aft, induces me to ap- 
ply' again to you for a similar indul- 
gence. Although the former article 
did not attract general attention* and 
fey V far short of the hop^sof the 
writer* yet it was no^ entirely un- 

It met the eye of a gentleman in 
Wales* whose benevolent and liberal 
example in promoting all objects of 
humanity aim which may beneht the 
community, dtserves the highest 
praise; ijnd under the kind auspices 
of such a Patron we yet hope the 
plan will be generally adopted. 

The prejudices, however, hinted at 
in the article fir>t mentioned, have 
been realized in ail the force that 
was apprehended; for, although a 
boat has been built upon the plan re- 
commended at the sole expence of 
tiie above gentleman, the obstinacy 
and prejudice of the Fishermen on 
the coast where it has been provided 
is snqh that no one has been induced 
to try it : and, although a crew may 
be, and probably by this time has 
been* hired to roan it, it is feared that 
Iheic prejudice will be such, that they 
will wantonly run it on the rocks, 
or do it other mischief, to raise a pre- 
tence against the advantages it pos- 
Mses* and to make it appear inferior 
to their own miserable barks. Since 
it has been tendered to the people for 
whose safety it has been coustriicted* 
and ri|{ected by them, twelve men, 
Ijie fiUhers of families* have perished 
ia their own. boats last Rummer* upon 

{f Boais recommefided. 101 

attempting to make their harboiM^ 
which they were obliged to do* from 
the. incapacity of their vessels to keea 
at sea in rough weather. Tiiit m 
merel V mentioned to shew what itepa 
have been taken to promote the oh* 
ject* and bow inefEactual* at the samo 
time how much it is to be lameoted.; 
The frequent and but too melau- 
choly cases last year (1815), of the 
boat at Sidmotitb, another at UTew- 
caslle* that of Mr. Poyntz at Bognor, 
and the accident to the party at Pty» 
mouth which curiosity prompted to 
go and see Buonaparte* and many 
others whieh might be mentioned* in- 
duce me again to urge the subject oa ' 
the consideration of the Publick. If 
prejudice^ exist with the uninformed, 
sure it is no reason why we are to bo 
the sufferers* and* subjecting oursel ves 
to their p.rejudices* sacrifice our lives 
and pleasures in compliance to them. 
Gentlemen* in pursuing their pleasoree 
and avocatieas on .the water, have no 
occasion to ezpi^ themselves wao^ 
tonly to danger* unless they think it 
exalts their character for prowess or 
courage* when the same objects can 
be obtained better* and by safer 
means ? If they do* the^ are guilty of 
a strange perversion of^nse. 1 trust 
the subject will at length meet with 
serious consideration f and that in the 
construction of small pleasure-boats 
the plan recommended will be adopt- 
ed, and that 'tho§e who are resident 
much on the sea-coast wiil subscribe 
and establish a few boats so construct- 
ed, and employ no others. The hap- 
piest effects would result to them* 
and their families ; and probably the 
example might lead to the general 

^ Government might on many occa- ^ 
sions assist this benevolent and bene- 
ficial object* by adopting boats so 
constructed. Ships' -boats in gene- 
ral, perhaps, must be exceptecfi at 
least, more than one boat so con- 
strocted might be objectionable, on 
accouDt of the greater weight of the 
boat built on the plan proposed, and 
which would render the hoisting in 
and outof the ship more difficult; hut* 
to compensate the weight of boats 
constructed on the plan proposed, it 
should be recollected that -boats of 
much smaller size might be u«ed. 
And one small boat on this plan to be 
occasionally used might be of the 
greatest utility in catat of hoarding 


102 Imprcfoed Construction qf BotUsrecommtHded. (F«b. 

prisei, or in eoinmtmicatiDg with eahios I kmvelateljobt^rvai^iB tocne 

other ibips in tempestuous weather, of the Briffbtiou boats, it a. rnMot 

and of getting^ oa snore in storms, or adoptioo; I thould b« exlPtmelj 

in distress ; when by so doing means haapj^ to be informed » or, if it ba an 

BDight be taken for preserving the old plan, I shouid tikowiae be gU to 

crews, which, for want of power to know: would aooie p^afelemaa koow^ 

commuaicae with the shore, cannot ing the facts give me any informatioa 

be effected *. On the occasion of upon it, throagb the mecKum of the 

Yojages of discoYery, or exploring Cfentleman*s If agarinei and at the 

coasts, a row-boat on this construe- same time mentioa whetiier-il kae 

lien would be of the greatest service, been found beneficial in>anj iattaaoe 

A boat or two on the plan proposed where boats hi^ye encountered sevave 

in each Dock-yard^ or at coaat tta- storms ; for 1 had no opportunity of 

tions, to send out on emergencies of making the inquiry myself when at 

distress, might be of the greatest ser* Brighton, Why I think it was not 

▼ice, and would, of course, afford in use till lately, is, that lieiof at 

frequent examples of its ntility. Brighton in 180G, I was iaducila t6 

As soon as the boat already built consider how easily the boats miglit 

has been tried, I purpose to ^i?e you, be rendered more sa£e by the a 

with the leave of the gentleman al- proposed without adding aay ii 

alluded to, a full account of the trial, venience: by rendering doet aod 

as soon as I shall receive it. In cou- water-tight tne forecastle aad pia^ 

firmation of the plan proposed, I beg form an or quarter-deck, wbidi afl 

to add that on visiting Brighton a of them had, but which wereaol diMa 

little while back, I observed that se- or water-tight, and extending them % 

veral of the largest-sized Ho^boats little more into the midsbipa, partiea* 

appeared to me constructed with the larly the aft - cabins* . Most of tba 

fore-cabin, made close, ibnd a hatch- boats I last examined, at Brightoii 

way so as to keep ont the water. This had the fore-^in advanced as tar aa 

may be the case with all the larger the mast, which undoubtedly: was 

boats, and it may be so in some of quite sufficient for that part of tba 

the smaller hog-boats i yet I do not boats and the aft-cabm was eoly 

recollect ever seeing this precantton wanting to make the boat comptata 

used before in these lK>ats ) though I according to the pian reeomraeadedL 

do not mean to say it was not ever Yours, &c. . 0« 6. ¥• • 

adopted before. At tjie same time, '— 

when at Brighton, in 1810, 1 do not Mr.UanAif, . JFelu It. . 

remember to have seen it in any in- IN your last Volume, ii. p. 40#» a 

stance, ahhough I examined several Correspondent has very sensibly 

boats, in all of which it appeared to extracted, and given' tbe jaditkiae 

me, the fore-cabins opened with a advice of Dr. Parry of Bath, oolka 

door like a cupboard, into the mid- nieasures to be adopted, when aaj 

ship, which, of course, would not <><>c. has been unhappily Iwtten by a 

prevent the water shipped, if taken in rabid animal, to prevent tbe oonsli* 

any quantity, running into the fore tution partaking of the vinis» aadi 

part of the boat, which the plan becoming infected, 

adopted of having the fore-cabin . Although there is little or aotbing 

close would $ and would render the '" these remarks of the Doctor, thai 

boats having it much safer than with- ^^ not before appeared^ yeb tbej ztm 

out, as the head will be kept buoyant, *o unquestionably true and correct, 

and until the other part of tbe boat that they cannot be too often reilerat- 

became filled with water, so as to <3d, or too widely disseminated, fot 

sink at stern, would preserve them public benefit, 

from foundering. If the close fore- 1 am the more gratified, the OHira 

_..«—««.—_ frequently I see the positive necessityi 

♦ The necessity that exists for such ?^ excising the bitten parts inCbreei 

Boats is evinced in the case of the recent '° publications, like yours, of general 

disastrous shipwrecks uf Transports near ^^^ extensive circulation t because it 

Kinsale in Ireland, particularly in tbe i* a lamentable fact, that popular pe» 

case of the Loni AielviRe transport, riodical Works, even of these enligJil* 

where the only persons lost ware in the ened tiroes, still teem with statemente 

boat w hick was swanqped. and recoflameadatioBS of the most fu. 

tile sfid etHj^U&al fr«ir6BtWet ML re- wheifi«r risliitmg^ t# jcNriMf er m^tmm^ 
iMdiei ttiktillit^ 'o^J Vo. yt^cisiTe i it ii tite fii)tegi>liiNt.i»f Hope^ tritbdtti 
gMd tlKli» by «xeltin^ c fktkl tbofl-j which, |Bfe ift a Vutthvoi and ft eie^ 
diiw^tbodMdtotheifctihilcMietbflU^* tingoiiihes the jgfewIM kieenliTe t& 
IiMM of manj valuable lifes^that itt* tbe eterctie of enr fkenkiet. ^oi^lJ^' 
M ^oMllmy, iMigllt othenri<ie have, therdore, ^t «>pettatiOil of the emu 
boMi fti^tef^. It ^euM alto We' ' 
iMleHM^y itopiieMed oa ^ recottee^' 
tton, thatAii op^ratlo^ mat '1i6 mi^ 
ctmfiaijf jMraetiMd at any Ihne 'be-' 
t«Feeo fecett^ the h»ite, and the de- 
veloyettiibfft of the hydi^ophoblt tymp- 
totnv^ t^Mii though, weeks (nrmonthi, 
ekeMi &ttervfiffe. 

of .py^rophtyhm h« tettHljr Bh>^ 
coora^y the unfortuMfte, -eKpoted 
to the hazard oftlnt disease* would, 
frotai horror alone,^ be in ^ffeHler dan- 
ger of pertshioj^ i im, ill aiieirats !• 
sto|» iff toro^ress %e>*|^ i^^t^ utMi* 
TfelliBjgr, th(^ Utitnuhbf to e4per«ioB li^ 
the difcofery o^ and fierseveraiioe I* 

. 8o>pelest of Hydropbo-* the enUhftion df a rettedjMvould he 
Ima appears tb yoiir Correspondent- waaflii^. 

B* yet 1 catiiiot eoocede that it ii. 
^p|lefeoiffrem«Miid^leash<^ pi-on^uticelV 
«NMli|;h the" l^Hrea trrgenU (UnM) 
aM0e) hat hecA Cried; «i #ell at, 
atoflltstery itfther pefwefftH i^itiedj. 
off th« M«t«m If edii^, and hat eqnat 

Ifhe^efiiem of ^deoleMofl^ Vflkrg^ 
blodd-krttitigtf whit^ has been oftea 
tried, is by no means -Ahiindooed: gn 
the e«Niltatf»H stilt hbidt oht very, 
tlroa{ diuitoi to the^tentloiii and tX'\ if will be a'happitaets to 

Theadtice of 0r. FArry,«nd I h^ 
lieire I amy add of ahnest the wh^ 
tif ^e Pmestipn, proiftites iieaHly 
the eeHaiDty of preveiAiott# if thl^; 
adviee be piirMMMi t A»d the eatetmiil* 
the i«at(»fiiQset to fthkth f ;h^¥e re-* 
ferrtd, encouTaf e the happy prptpeef^ 
that the cure of Ibis drradfel fnilady' 
it bj no meaat ^aite deipemfe. 

If fhit loftiriDation'prote nteftil or 
cMiiolalery to m^ fellow -ereataret^; 

of the ^ott expdrleiicfd 
p«M^tioMi^ of thit Goiiiitnr, 
%f thb Odnliaeot. Besidet the 
«r eydrofibobia stated to be' 
citred by'thts praetld: (and the falla- 
cy «$f every other Wude b ho'vi fdljy ; 
admitted) by Mt. Tymon and Dr. 
Shodbred, in fndia, and hyMr. Wynne 
(^Shrewsbury, #hlch hiive been fully. 
detailed, another successful instance 
of blood-letting' in this disease has 
recently occurred in the practice of 
Dr. Yb^elsans, of Gorlitz, in Saxony ; 
which is crraited, enlirely, and an- 
Bottoced by the ^clebralea Professoi' 
fiafelaad, of Berlin — a Physician of 
the highest character and eniineoce 
io Europe. 

This Case i^ published in the S4th. 
Nomb^lr of The Louden Medical Re- 
p)f$i$ety ; in the course of which 
Wurk, both the theory and the prac- 
of Hydrophobia hare been large 


. Mr. Urban, * Feb> 14. 

IN th^ last age, l)r. Berkeley, and 
those who. acted with him, took 
lAuch pains to procure the establish- 
roetit of Episcopacy in those States 
Which were then denominated the 
British Colonies in North America. 
After several fruitless attempts, they 
at last procured the consecration of a 
Bishop (Seabnry) in Scotland, and sent 
him to etcercise his spiritual functions 
in Aiperica, independently of the 
Civil Power. Though this measure 
was not without some g;ood efibct, 
yet it did not seem folly to answer 
the purnose of its ni'ojectors. It has 
heen'bfien assertea, smce that time, 
that, if tlie plan had succeeded, andjf 
Episcopacy had been completely esta- 
hiis^red in Araeriica, the subsequent 

ly treated of,' in the observations of' revolt of the Colonies would hare 

tJie late Dr. Marshall, and the joint 

codimunications of Dr, Pinckard, Mr. 

Jhmet Parkinson, Mr. Edmonston, 

of Newcastle, Mr. Serrison, Mr. Bel- 

Uocbam, and by the remarks of the 

Mitors, who have taken an elsiborate 

view of all the remedies known to 

hMe h€e» incllhctually used in the 

iiMrfital IreAmait of ic 
OlN^palr '4« IL «MMt dangerous foe. 

been prevented. There is an order 
and rational subjection in moderate 
and well-regulated Episcopacy, which 
will not easily yield to Anarchy and 
Rebellion, I' trust. Sir, there is no 
dan|;er of the revolt of ouf West 
India Islands. But surely we may 
l^rn wisdoraf from pa^t events. The 
Islands at present would receive with 
pleasure a Heady a tqperiBtiendafit, « 


104 Thomson the Poet. — 714^? late Duke g/* Norfolk. [Feb. 

Bishop. Such a spiritual governor 
ifould gather together in ooe, the 
Children of God who are scattered 
abroad. But differeutdeDoroiDatioos 
pf Christians are making vast efforts i 
and the time may come, when the ap- 
pointment will be too late. 

Yours, &c. U. U. 

Mr. Ubban, Feb, 15. 

AMONG the Literary Notices of 
RusTicus in vol. LXXXV. 
Part II. p. 406, is one on the Com- 
mentaries of tbe Emperor Marcus 
Antonnius, translated by JamesThoro- 
son, Gent. Svo. 1747, which in some 
Bookiiellers' Catalogues have been 
ascribed to the Author of the Seasons, 
although no notice is taken of it in 
any of the Lives of liim. As I be- 
lieve that I was the first person that 
so described it, in one of the late Mr. 
B. White's Catalc^ues, from whence 
it has been copied mto others ; I will 
give you my authority for so doing, 
which was from the information of 
the late Mr. Floyer Sydenham, the 
Translator of Plato, from whom I 
received it in Mr. White's shop. 
Yours, &c. L. R. I. 

*^* The date of the Poet Thomson's 
death, is Aug. 27, 1748. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 16. 

THE sketch of the character of the 
late Charles Duke of Norfolk 
calls for some remark ; and, as you 
justly pride yourself upon furnishing 
genuine anecdotes, and characters 
drawn with truth and precision, 
worthy to be adopted by future bio- 
graphers, I trust you will candidly 
admit of this slight animadversion. 

The Writer of the article alluded to 
cannot but have suffered, with every 
man of a liberal mind, the disgust ex- 
cited by those effusions of morbid 
malignity which have lately In^en ad- 
mitted into certain Sunday Newspa- 
pers. He has expressed his disappro- 
bation. But it IS most evident to 
those who knew the late Duke, not 
merely in the streets, or as taking a 
leading purt in popular politics, but 
were intimately conversant with him, 
that the Memoir- writer is not less 
unacquainted with the nature and 
extent of his talents, than of his usual 
habits, when surrounded by his friends. 
Such a portrait as is exhibited in 

?agc 65, it but guess-work at the 
est : ne9 verum^ nee verisimiie. 

It is by no means my intention to ex- 
amine one by one the distorted ^r 
inaccurately - delineated featores, or 
to point out their dissimilitude to the 

When the Duke is represented as 
having been jealous of the pretensioDS 
of other Noblemen, the accusatioo if 
ill grounded. True indeed it is, that 
he felt the high responsibility of his 
office of Earl-marshal of Enrlaodi 
and as often as claims to extinct or 
dormant Peerages were found, upoa 
the maturest investigation, to ret| 
only upon conjecture mstead of proof, 
and to be bolstered up by specioui 
reasoning, instead of being supporledl 
by fact, he resolutely and effectually 
opposed them. The decisive part he 
took in some recent cases of Claim9 to 
the Peerage, originated solely in 
his integrity of feeling, as tbe guar^ 
dian of the rights of the Peeragei and 
he firmlj resisted, in all of them^ the 
solicitations of many powerful and 
eloquent friends. 

There is likewise an error as to W. 
H. (the poor maniac who has so fre- 
quently obtruded himself upoa puhlie 
notice) claiming to be descended from 
a Sir Charles Howard, in the reign of 
Charles the First, but whose existence 
or connexions cannot be aotheali- 
cated with any satisfaction. It has 
been presumed' (but it is a mere pre* 
sumption) that the said Sir Charles 
was an anie natus son of the second 
Earl of Suffolk; who, afterwards, bar- 
ing privately married his mother, left 
him an estate in Westmoreland.. Hit 
grand-father was certainly considered 
as a country gentleman ; but his fa* 
ther was io very reduced circuoi- 
stances, and so far from being /bstor- 
cdby^ VI as not even personally known 
to, the last Duke. 

It was an observation of a shrewd 
Lawyer lately dcccahcd, that " A«^ 
the truth, whenever the other iseitlier 
ignorantly or wilfully suppressed* is 
the mo»t pernicious ot all false* 
hoods." ۥ m. fb. 

P. 36, a. I believe Investigator is 
mistaken in bis supposition that Henry 
Herringman was of Dublin ; for I think 
I remember books of that period soM 
by H. H. in London, 1 suppose in tbe 
New Exchange in the Straud, which 
stood where Mr. CoutU's Banking house 
now stands, which used to be described 
as in the New Exchange Buildiogs. E. 




Old Bam at Cholsey, Berks^ described. 


Mr. UitBiit, Oxford, Julg 1. 

PERMIT roe to regiiler in jimr 
voluble Miicellaa;, a fuw de- 
Kriplive reniarki apan Choliej Bara, 
muviied b; a South- 
: Ptiiie I.), which it have taken 
I iKInpidated itate, ia, 
he Barn wai aituated 
t^orth of the Pariah 
Northera ed^ of the 
leaiured the extraor- 

to be found earlier than the beginning 
of the liiteenth centurj. The can* 
slruction of thii Bam doet nut war. 
rant the itighteit luppaiiitiuD of it> 
having been erected earlier than the- 
latter end of the fifteenth, or the bc> 
ginaingof the tizleenth century i aul 
ai we are deilitute of an; puiitivfl 
evidence, there can be do other guida 
to a lafe conduiion. 

It ii very probable that the Abbot 
Bod Convent of Beading, who were 
SOS feet, wai 51 feet Lord* of the Manor from the founda- 
eetwidet the upright tioo to the diMulution of that Ab- 
irenotinore than eight bej, experienced, b« improiemenli in 
were compoaed of a agriculture advanced, the neceuilj of 
efialh cemented I'ige- auch a itore-roois, 3« onu Igm capaci> 
DdOTtxr. The interior ddi at that time, when thej added the 
into three aiilci by IT tilhe* of the whole village to the 
--•-■■ Manor Farni of 1000 acrcd,rautlcer- 

lainty haru been found inadequate! 
Bi of late jeart, without any tithei, 
tbeproduce of the farm alone haa been 
aufficient to fill thii Barn, and two 
other* of iDialler dimension*. On the 
Eattiide of one of the pillar* in thtt 
South row wai a marble lozenge- 

uare, and liiing above 

Mtsht ufthe building i 

i the iramenie roof, 

i. of which wa« chiefly 

but (ome few beam* 

It. The rafter* were 

and braced together. 

rhich formed obliue ahaped itone, recording 
>~ MCltei. The number of tile* taken dinary performance of manual labour 
i' tram the roof i* calculated to have in the fullowing word*: " lo thi^ 
T ken n^rly 830,000, many of them of Bam JaraeiLanddey thraihedforM. 

Chievely, in Berks. He died at work 
in thji barn, where he h»d cunttantly 
laboured for upward* of 60 years, iu 
the spring of 1H08, a^ed 95. 

&, ttiDMial Mse and thicknesa 
* The extent of thit building, in- 
dcpeudent of it* luimoted antiquity, 
fame alwayi been sufficient to recom- 
•j veod it to the notice of the topo- 
i napker, but it does not appear hi- 
' HBfto to have been particularly re- 
'j'j^awAed, and the date of it* erecIioD 
i ii alway* considerably over-rated. 
'■.: Mr. Snare of Reading, who pub- 
k lUied Bume account of the Churches 
V' Ud landi rormerly annexed to Choi- 
;i mj Abbey, iu a note (vol. II. page 8,) 
>■' m;i there can be uo doubt out Ihi* 
,i B»n was erected about Ihe middle of 
^. ttw thirteenth century, because it re- 
tj jembiM in the form and pitch of the 
i toot the home of the Friars Minors 
wak that town, known to have been 
eeled about that periods but nei- 
:r the frame-work, nor the form 
i pitch of the two roofs, bear the 
~it affinity towards each other. 
_lr. Gilpin, in his " Uetcriplinn of 
EiVaraat Sceiierv," mention* the di*- 
^terery oftbed^te IIOl,in some part 
. tg Ihe interior • i but, after a sltict 
■BKrch when the tilei were removed, 
ao date, either on wood or stone, waa 

• More prubabl; " ISOl,"— Edit. 
Gent. Mao. February, IH*. 

Teur MroufA various Parts of Fi,Ay~ 
DERs, Gebjianv, anit Boi.t,i,tii>, 
in 1815. 

(Continued from p. 7.) 
Mr. Urban, leb. I. 

My last letter announced my :ir- 
rival at Graveline*. Gravt- 
lines is a imall town in French i'lna- 
ders, upon thesearciiatt, at the iiioulh 
uf the river Aa. It is well fortified, 
and liiirroundEd by canals anil dilche*, 
so at lo render it very difficult of ac- 
cess to a besieging army. The mili- 
tary history of Init place shew* the 
iinporlauce which France has aina)* 
attached !u it, a* one of the keys of 
her N'orthern frontier. Her jealousy 
of the new and furniidable kingdom 
of the Netherlands (hacked, as I hope 
that kingdom ever will be, by the 
powerful allianceof Britain) will, nu 
doubt, preient thii fortran from' 

106 Tour through various Parts of French Flanders, Kc. [Feb. 

bein^ suffered to fall in!o decay. I 
heartilj wish we had §ecured, by the 
kle treaty of peace, the possesgion of 
Gravelines and Dunkirk for five years 
al least, and of Calais io perpetuity. 
The possession of the latter would be 
attended with incalculable adTanta;j^es 
to England, whether in pecc .>r war. 
Amidst the general wreck of Reli- 
gious houses in Flanders, I observed 
that one had been suffered to remain 
at Gravelines, namely, an English 
Convent of the Nuus of Ste. Claire, 
which has existed since the year 1620. 
Much distress has be^n the result of 
the suppression of the Monasteries 
and Nunneries throughout France ; 
and although, as a Protestant, I can- 
not lament the abolition of these in- 
stitutions, I do most sincerely protest 
against the injustice and cruelty of 
turning the existing possessors adrift 
without a comfortable subsistence for 
life. When 1 was formerly abroad, 
I used to visit with great complacency 
the Lutheran CouTents, wnere do 
restriction was laid upon those laws 
which Lovehaih made; and I heartily 
wfflh we had such establishments in 
England : but wifh far different emo- 
tions did I use to survey Popish Nun- 
neries ; and the soft gliding forms of 
the fair Religieuses often recalled the 
following lines which Pope puts into 
the mouth of Eloisa : 

** Now warm in love, now with'ring in 

my bloom, 
Lost in a Convent's solitary gloom ! 
There stern Religion quench'd th* un- 

willing flame, 


There died the best of passions, love and 

At Gr<ivelines, the French gentle- 
man left us with polite expressions of 
regret that, in all probability, this 
was our last interview ; and, turnm^ to 
»nc at parting, he said, '^ Notwith- 
standing I am a Frencliman, 1 have a 
high respect fur your Nation, from 
having studied the English character 
in its native soil ; and permit me to 
add, that if England and France 
could agree to bury their old ani- 
mosities in oblivion, and unite in cor- 
dial alliance, they might hold in their 
hands the balance of Europe, and 
command the destiny of the world.*' 
«« Say rather," observed our fair fel- 
low-traveller, ** in that case, the ladies 
of France would hold the balance, by 
their conquests over the gentlemen of 
EyPglao^.*''"- " Madam/' replUd b9, 

** the effects of French female influ- 
ence have often been sensibly felt ia 
camps and cabinets ; how far to the 
credit of the ladies, I pass over in 
silence : but under no circumstancety 
I apprehend, would our countrywo- 
men be likely to make extensive coo^ 
quests in England, unless they were 
to cultivate the mild graces and do-^ 
raestic virtues that so eroinently cha- 
racterize the females of Englaud, and 
give them so decided a preference in 
the eyes of their countrymen.'* Wilfh 
this just encomium on the finslish 
female character, he bid the lady 
adieu : and, cordially grasping my 
band, he uttered, in reply to a vale- 
dictory Latin address from me, the 
following words : Longum vale f Fir 
Reverendeyhene etfeliciter vale I And 
thus we parted, probably never to 
meet again on this side of the grave. 

An accession was now made to our 
party,of a young Flemrah lady, whose '' 
soft and gentle manners formed a 
striking contrast to the brisk air« 
quick glances, and volubility, of the \ 
French lady. 

The Flemish fair-one had acquired 
a grammatical knowledge of the 
English language, together with a 
relish for the beauties of English ^ 
Poetry. She spoke with admiratioa 
of the Pastorals of Pope and Shen- 
ttone: of Hammond's Love Elegies^ 
and Goldsmith's inimitabfe balltui of 
Edwin and Angelina, which last, the - 
said, she had got by heart. ** One of 
the wishes nearest her heart,*' to use - 
her own words, was to be gratified 
with a sight of England, — a wish which 
the believed had been first excited by 
reading Goldsmith's picture of our 
country in his Traveller, from which 
she repeated the following lines : 

'< Where lawns extend that scorn tb' Ar- 
cadian pride> [pes glide i 

And brighter streams than fam'd Hydas- 

Where all around the gentlest breezes 
stray, ^^ [spray." 

Where heavenly musick melts on every 

She inquired about the present ttate- 
of poetic genius and taste in England. 
I replied, *' Madam, you wouM find 
no Popes uor Goldsmiths among ui 
in' the present day. \ remember one 
Bard, whose honoured brow was con- 
spicuously adorned with thePoeVa Bay^ 
the immortal Cowper } but where 
shall she look now-a-days for original 

geniuf; and the gracoi 9f that cbarra- 


1816.] Tour through variotis Parts of French Flandiers, SCc. !ot 

ing \irgiD simpUcitj*, udIom we 
choose to trick on with their honourt, 
inflated diction, turgid epithets, gau- 
d^ and bombast imagery." 

In this manner was the conversa- 
tion ftowihg over the refresh meat of 
coffee, when we were joined bj a 
TOimg Englishman, bound for Water'' 
loo, a Cantab, whose taste for polite 
literature had been formed in thepro* 
per soil, namely, in one of our public 
schools. The French Lady, I ob- 
served, lost no time in directing the 
artillery of her eyes at the young 
Eoglishman^who was evidently more 
attracted by the milder lustre that 
beamed from the countenance of the 
fair Fleming. When we got into the 
fltage-coach for Dunkirk, the conver- 
sation turned upon the comparative 
merits of modern languages. It was 
proposed as a question, which was the 
best adapted for expr^sing the softer 
emotions of the human heart ; for ex* 
hibitiog, through the medium of arbi* 
trary signs, the feeliags of grief, ten* 
derness, and love. The French lady 
contended that, in this respect, the 
Italian bore the palm, quoting pasi* 
sages in support of her opinion, with 
the empassioned tones and gestures of 
ao actress. It was remarked in the 
course ofconversation by the Flemish 
Jady, and I think with justice, that 
the French might properly be deno- 
minated une poliie langue^ a petty 
language, well calculated for the chit- 
chat of a drawing*room, for jeux 
d'esprits, bon-mots, sallies of spor^ 
tive wit, billets-doux, and the lighter 
productions of fancy. *' Ours,'' said 
the French lady, " is the language of 
ease and elegance; its general adop- 
tion in Courts and remied societies 
gives it, I think, a superior claim to 
the appellation of a polished \^iu 
guagc, and entitles our country to t>e 
considered as the Athens of Europe.*' 

It was remarkv-d by the young 
Englishman, that the merits of the 
German language were not sufficient- 
ly appreciated either in £n>^land (»r 
in France. '' 1 shoujd like to know," 
said the French lady, ** wherein con- 
sist the merits of the German lan*- 
guage." " The German, Madam," 
replied he, ** like the Celtic, possesses 

• Pulchra O Simplicitas ! beata Virgo ! 
Tu vincis radios nitore Phcebes, 
7tt Stellas supcras decore cunctas. 


the merit of originality ; it is withsd 
rich and energetic, and, perhaps, sn- 
perior to any other language in Eih 
rope, in point of expression ; that is, 
in making the sound an echo to the 
sense." "Well," said the French 
lady, *' of all sounds, the sound •f 
the German language is to me the 
most uncouth. I once took lessons 
-of a German master; but the tones 
were so harsh, and the pronunciation 
so guttural, that I soon got tired of it. 
Indeed, I thought I must have hetn 
.;iufibcated in attempting to learn iht 
pronunciation, and the roof of my 
mouth seemed to be in pain at the 
close of everj lesson.*' 1 concurred 
with the Englishman in his encomium 
on the German language, which 
forms the grand foundation of the 
English tongue ; for, when theantient 
Celtic was driveb out of England into 
Wales, the Saxon dialect of the Teu- 
tonic unquestionably laid the basis of 
the language now spoken in England. 
On this account alone the German 
language was interesting to an 
Englishman, and it certainly possess- 
ed great force and copiousness ; but I 
I>egged leave to stand up for the 
superior honours of the English Ian* 
guage, which, with the simplicity of 
the Hebrew, unites the rich variety of 
the Greek ; a langoage which is uir- 
rivaled in the field of oratory, and in 
the higher strains of poetry, and ir 
capable of flowing with great beauty 
and harmony in rhyme. 

By this time, the French lady seem- 
ed as if she wished to divert tfie con- 
versation into a new channel. She 
alluded to the Play which had been 
acted at Calais the preceding evening; 
and this led to a discussion of the 
merits and demerits of the performers 
at the Theatre of Calais, which con- 
tinued till our arrival at Dunkirk; 
a discussion which was so perfectly 
uninteresting to nie, that I directed 
my whole attention to the scenery 
aud cultivation of the country around 
us, which became more and more in- 
teresting the farther we advanced. 
The hills of sand, which present (hem- 
selves on the coast, heighten, by the 
force of contrast, the beauties of the 
inland scenery ; to which let me add, 
that those who have a taste lor agri- 
culture can no where be more highly 
gratified thr.n by visiting the fertile 
and well-cultivated plains of Flanders. 

The sight of Dunkirk recalled a 



T&ur to the Netherlands. — Isle of Wight. [Feb. 

chastity, thoagh he be married, in or- 
der that he may approach the altar 
with a safe conscience. Lastly, who 
can repeat the Apostles* Creed, or the 
Lord's Prajer." To this portrait of 
JEi good Christian, the Bishop sabjoins 
the followia;); addres* to his auditory t 
** Redeem your souls from punisb** 
ment, while you have the remedy in 
your power; offer your ttthet and 
oblations; contribute according to 
your ability towards the lights in holy 
places ; repair more frequently to 
Church, and humbly implore the pro* 
tectioo of the Saints. If you observe 
these things, you may appear'boldly 
in the last day at the tribunal of the 
eternal Judge, and say. Give, Lord, 
according as we have given."—" We 
see here,*' remarks the learned 
Translator of Mosheim, "a large and 
ample description of the character of 
a good Christian^ in which there is 
not the least mention of the love of 
Godt resignation to his will, obedience 
to his laws, or of juaticet benevolence^ 
and charity towards man % and in 
which the whole of religion is made 
to consist in coming ^en to the 
Churchy bringing offerings to the altar ^ 
lighting candles in consecrated places, 
and such like vain services." — * So 
much for the founder of the first 
Church at Dunkirk, the Apostle of 
Flanders. Let us be thankful that 
the Protestant Reformation hath 
happily rid us of such Apostles; and 
let us pray for a speedy Riddance to 
those benighted regions where such 
false doctrines are still preached. 

Clericus Leicestriensis^ 
(To be continued,) 

variety of events connected with the 
modern annals of England, which 
Tendered it interesting to me. I 
thought of Cromwell, Charles the 
Secoud, Louis the Fourteenth, and 
the Peace of Utrecht. I wished from 
the bottom of my heart that Dun- 
kirk might once more either become 
the property of England, or revert 
to its parent stock, even that fair do- 
main which formerly belonged to 
the House of Burgundy. No new ar- 
rangement of territory on the Conti- 
nent would afford me more sincere 
Iileasure, than to see France compel- 
ed to give up every foot of land she 
hath acquired in the Netherlands, and 
her Northern boundary once more 
terminated by the Province of Picar- 
dy. I wish this had been insisted upon 
hy -our Statesmen in the moment of 
her lowest humiliation; yea, and 
moreover, the cession of Alsace and 
Lorraine. \ am thankful, however, 
that 1 have lived to see what I never 
expected a few years ago, namely, 
the disruptionof the Austrian Nether- 
lands from France, and their incorpo- 
ration with Holland under the illus- 
trious House of Orange. -^ But to re- 
turn to Dunkirk. This place derives 
its name from two words, Dune and 
Kerk; the former, in the Celtic, signi- 
fying a small hill, or rising ground, 
"whether natural or artificial; and the 
latter, in the Teutonic, from which 
the Flemish is derived, signifying a 
Temple : Dunkirk therefore means 
the Church of the DownSy which name 
was given to it about the middle of 
the seventh century, when the first 
Christian place of worship wr.s erected 
there, under the auspices of St. Eloy, 
Bishop of Noyon, who has been dig- 
nified by the devotees of the Romish 
Churcti with the title of the Apostle 
of Flanders. The fame which this 
Prelate acquired as a worker of mira- 
cles, and a hunter of relicks, strongly 
marks the superstition of the age in 
ivhich be lived. 

The following extract from one of 
his productions may serve as a sample 
of his pulpit oratory, and enable us 
to guess at the spirit and tendency of 
his Episcopal Cuarges : *' He is a 
good Christian,'' says St. Eloi, *' who 
goes frequently to Church, and makes 
his oblations at the altar; who never 
tastes of his fruits until he hath first 

Jire^ented some of them to God; who, 
or many days before the solemn fes- 
tivalf of the Church, obierves strict 

A Journey to the IstB ofWiQUT^ 

(Continued from p. 2S.) 

J - nnOOK a walk to the sei» 
June 7. Ji^ mark at the mouth of St. 

Helen'.<i harbour: it is a remnant of St. 
Helen's Old Church ; which the sea lo 
destroyed, that nothing is now left but 
a narrow slip of its highest part» 
which is faced with new work next 
the sea, while its base, where the tide 
beats, is guarded by strong- built 
fences of slone and wooden piles. I 
saw many tombs of a modern date io 
the Chnrchryard ; and heard from my 
companion, that his father was mar^ 
ried about 40 years ago in this lost 
Church. We diverted oursclvet oo 
the beach from hence to St. Ueleii'$ 
Point, wilh gatheripg beautiful emaill 



Journey to the Isle of Wight. " 


■hells ; whidi are oot eqaalled on an j 
other shore of the island. St. Heleo^ 
Point is surrounded by two rocks^ 
-which the tide covers with black 
"weeds. We left the sea-shore, to view 
Priory Farm; which is admirably 
•ituated for a full view of whatever 
company of ships may assemble in 
«Dy part of the triangle between 
Portsmouth harbour, Duiinose Point, 
and Seisey Peninsula. The house it- 
self is agreeable, and once had the 
honour of bebg devoted to religion, 
as its name and small part of the build- 
ing testify. We parsed from hence 
to St. Helenas New Church, which is 
prudently placed a good way from 
the sea, and at no small distance from 
the Tillage itself. 

June & Went from Brading to. the 
low Midland Downs, which produce a 
l^reat variety of fine land prospects, 
-but seldom rise high enough to shew 
the sea. The road from the end of 
these Downs goes through an insipid 
flat country to Newport, which is the 
only handsome town of this Xdand. 
-1 here took leave of my companion, 
-and walked through Carishrook, with- 
out going aside into the Castle, which 
I had visited six years i«go t it has a 
venerable i uinous aspect, and is of 
great extent : it was famous in the 
earliest time<i of the Heptarchy, and 
remarkabie of late for the imprison- 
ment of King Charles the First, whose 
memory is much revered in all parts 
of the Island. There stands another 
ruin on I he opposite side of Caris- 
brook village, resembling a religious 
hou»f; the walls alone remain, and 
are overgrown with ivy. Hence 1 as- 
ccndL'd the Western Downs, and was 
seldom in a bottom till I reached the 
head of that land which seems the 
highest in the island : it gave me a 
prospect of almost all the surround- 
ing sea; for tlie water was scarce in- 
tercepted at all from my sight by 
any land but Duunose; nud indeed I 
am doubtful whether liiose Downs or 
where 1 stood he highest. This de- 
]i;rtitful prospect cotojirchended, in a 
circle, 1 believe, nearly 300 miles; it 
was most pleasing to the West, where 
several headlands ot Dorsetshire run 
far into the sea: the farthest from 
me was the Bit! of Portland, at the 
distance of 40 miles : the dt:;tance 
from Dunnose to France is but three 
leagues more; and 1 suppose it may 
jie seen from theuce with a good 

glats. Freshwater Cliffs buog a mi'o 
or two from me, and descended ^ 
once from the very brow of ilk^t 
Downs, so that I plainly saw their 
upper part, and conclude them twice 
the height of the Culver, which onlj 
falls from half the altitude of Bim- 
bridge Down. Fain would I have 
sat a long time to enjoy ray great pro- 
spect, and then have gone to Freshwa- 
ter Cliffs and the Needles Point, where 
lay the wreck of his Majesty's ship 
Assurance of 50 guns : but such wm 
my intelligence from several gentle- 
men at Newport, tliat I thought I 
must hurry from the Downs^ or lose 
my passage to Lymin^ton, where a 
fine breeze of fair wind invited roe. 
I shall now repeat a little hearsay 
Gonceruing Freshwater Cliifa: thej 
are certainly more lofty than* the 
Culver, and have an inaccessible 
shore of rocks below them, on whicii 
are at all times found a variety of sea 
birds, and let them be, of what kind 
soever, they have no other name but 
Freshwater birds. The wise islanders 
think it a charming sport to stand on 
tire ciifiTs and throw stones at them^ 
being almost sure that, faJl where it 
will, each stone must kill a bird ; but 
happy, thrice happy, is he that can 
bring a guu ! for then the bold 
siaiighLerman may kill several at 
every shot ; and this bright amuw?- 
raent may challenge the j)rerer<'nce 
of most kinds of gunnery, by beings 
like Virtue, its own reward : for very- 
few of the dead birds can be come at» 
even with a hoat and much difficulty; 
nor are they good for any one thing, 
or set the least value on by the 
islanders; neither are they guilty of 
the least misdemeanor to the murder- 
er, either by pecking his corn, or any 
thing that is his ; in short, they must 
die, that more valuable creatures uiav 
safely gratify an innate desire ot 
blood ; that natural lust of a vulgar 
mind ! that only piece of rcuscn 
which seems to me to distinguish a 
graceless ignorant man from a beast. 

1 left my pleasing situation, and ran 
down a smooth long slope to Car- 
bon ; which is watered by a hroad 
spring bursting out upon it at the 
foot of the Downs : tlic land is plain 
and fertile from this village to Yar- 
mouth, where 1 found that the Lym- 
ington passage-boats never went over 
but in a morning. I had asked many 
peoplc>from the day that I lauded m 


Journey to the Isle of Wight. 


thelrUland coBcerning this Yarmouth, 
iMit was seldom presented with truth, 
ol even good coivjccture about it; 
for the people in general that live at 
one end of this little country seem to 
be planted in their dwellings like cab- 
bages and look upon the other end 
as a kind of terra incognita. I had 
five or six hoars to pass till night at 
this poor disagreeable town, where 
1 persuaded a man to drink liquor 
for me, which is an easy thing any 
nrhcre ; and saw by his means a curio- 
sity that I should never have looked 
for. The Church is as plain and 
mean as the town itself, but has an 
exceeding good marble figure of one 
Holmes; who is represented larger 
than the life, and stands between 
urown marble pillars, under an arch 
of the same, in so gloomy a cell that 
it put me in mii^d of tbe nntient Cata- 
combs : his right hand grasps a 
truncheon, while the left touches a 
cannon ; behind which are several 
weapons of war: bis long Latin Epi- 
taph says that hp died in the year 
1692. My officious tipler next led 
me to the Castle, which I took for an 
old house, tilt the dull inside unde- 
ceived me ; vast quantities of red and 
white garden centaury grew outof the 
walls, ami i^rcatly enlivened this dole- 
ful lorlrcds. 

June 9. I^nibarked in a large sail- 
ing-boat, v;i{h very light airs of wind, 
and soon l.aii a fine view of Hurst Cas- 
tle and (he Needle Rocks. The Castle 
appeareJ very strong and magnificent, 
atid the Needles seemed to front it 
with a higii range of the sharpest 
whitfi locks I ever saw. A fair wind 
sprang up about mid channel, and car- 
ried us hy a watcr-iuark to the North 
of Lyminglon river, where the sand 
and mud appeared above water for 
several miles, the tide being out, and 
uncovered a narrow crooked passage, 
tiirougi) which we sailed briskly to 
L}mington. The pleasant Isle of 
V> ight ?o well deserves a few ;);eneral 
rcmniks, that 1 shall endeavour to 
pay it that tribute, thou^^h with bor- 
rowing more from Gibson's Camden 
than 1 have of ray own to give. 
'* The Romans called this Isle Cecils 
(or the Bar), for it not only serves asa 
barrier to Lngland, but is itself strong- 
ly guarded by rocks and cliffs. Ves- 
pasian, according to :^uetonius, fought 
many battles in Hampshire, and con- 
quered the Isle of Wight; for which 

be was thus complimented by Valeriof 
Flaccus : 

*' O you, whose glorious reign 
Can boast new triumphs o'er the con- 

quer'd main. 
Since your bold Navy passed the British 

sea, [sway." 

That scorn'd tbe Caesars, and tbe Roman 

'* This Island is parted from Haoip- 
shire by that rapid narrow channel 
which Bcdc calls Solente; into which, 
at certain hours, two opposite tides 
coming up from the ocean with great 
violence, gave such admiration to our 
forefathers that they counted it one 
of the wonder» of Britain.'* By thif 
it is plain that the Channel waf mucli 
narrower of old than at present: for, 
except between the Needieaand HurA 
Castle, it is more than two leagaet 
wide in every part, and gives the tidb 
room to expand without violence* 
The Island was adorned with so luxu- 
riant a plenty, that the very Downs, 
in many parts, were pot free from io- 
closures and fruitful ^Ids, which ia« 
deed made the prospect more cbarm- 
ingy but rendered tbe paths so prook- 
ed and hard to find, that I have woxm^ 
times seen the place I was goin^ to 
very plain, and yet been obliged to 
break over hedges* Here are no 
great abundance of cattle, nor of any 
other animals, unless I may reckon 
brown beetles; many thousands of 
which, both living and dead, were 
scattered on the Southern shores ^ 
and vast numbers lay drowned in tlie 
surges, so that I fancied they were 
cast away by trying to land from 
Trance. They likewise swarmed all 
over the island, ai^d in some parts 
of Hampshire. 

I made no stay at Lymington, 
but thought the town exceed- 
ingly handsome: it is high -seated, 
and builds shipping at the West end 
of Solente. flence, 1 walked four 
miles to the skirts of the New Forestf 
and then, passing the village of 
Broxey, and the five mile-stone, which 
is the last from Lymington, \ entere4 
immediately the thickest of the wood- 
land shades, admiring the smoothness 
of the ground, and verdure of the 
short grass; but was saluted at mv 
entrance by the roaring of a bull, 
who pawed the earth on my approach, 
and seemed pretty strongly bent to 
obstruct my passage at the ford of a 
rivulet ; but this insolence rather 
frightened than enraged rae,and, after 


1816.] Jwney through the N6w Foreilf HiUtipshire. ^ Hi 

reflecting I wta ottd of the Lords of 
tiie creation, self-loTO penraaded me 
to go round about, and avoid that 
hero of the foreit. I then went on to 
the midst of itf greatest aolitodes, 
where nothing but the roads was free 
from trees ; no human ereatnre ap- 
peared for many miles, and ■ I was 
seized with a kind of religious awe, 
when I laid me down to rest in these 
gloomj shades, which were first made 
» desert by William. the Conqueror, 
1- tried to recollect if I had ever ex- 
perienced a more dreary situation in 
Bi^andy and was of opinion that this 
nach-admired Valeof Ajlesburv had 
proved a greater solitude, when I 
vralkied through it from London In 
my way to Stowe, without so much 
wm a dog to bear me company, and 
sometinies for five or six miles toge^ 
ther could see no animals but insects ; 
whereas I was here attended by" a 
•paniel, and found the whole forest 
enitvened bymusical birds, who seem- 
ed to be proud of their native freedom, 
aod to rejoice at the absence of stupid 
man, that iH-natured scourge of the 
iBoocent world ! I seemed at last to 
pertake of their happiness, and fan- 
cied a tfaonsand charms in this wild 
desert, till two of my own species, 
who called themselves broken trades- 
OMU, came ruoning upon me from the 
thickets, and gave me good reason to 
believe that their first intention was 
net to be contented with accepting 
charity, which, however, they were at 
last. I was then about a mile from 
Liodhurst, which is a pleasant vil- 
lage in a thin part of the forest, on a 
ristag land, whose head is crowned 
with a Church, and a house of the 
KiogX which the DCike of Bedford 
possesses as Ranger. The first two 
gravestones I saw in the Church- yard 
have melancholy epitaphs, cnmpluia- 
ing, for the dead persons, of the bar- 
barity of their murderers; alleging 
that nut age but cruelty put a period 
to their lives, and praying the Eternal 
Judge to punish homicides. 1 was 
told in this village of a large family 
inhabiting a cave in the forest, who 
go naked like Indians; but my curio- 
sity was not great enough to visit 
them- alone, for fear of mischief. 
Hence I proceeded to Mistead , 
which is a poor straggling village of 
-very great length* 1 hired a boy at 
the farther, ei^ to .guide me to King 
Rpf i|s'f f toooi which^ has three sides 

like a prism, and a ball at ton. I 
copied tlfe writing on each side, letter 
for letter. 

«* Here stood the Oak Tree, on whieh 
an arrow shot by Sir Walter lyrrel att 
a slag glancM, and struck King Wil* 
liara the 2nd, (surnamM Rufiis) in tbe 
brc^ast, of which hie instantly died, oa 
the second ^ay of August, A. D. 1100.'* 

IL ' ^ 

" King WiUian> the Second^ suma^i'd 
Rufus, iMiing slain, as is l>efore relaCei^ 
was laid in a cart belonging to one Park- 
ess, and drawn from hence to Winches- 
ter, and buried in tbe Cathedral Cihurck , 
of that city."- 

<< A. D. 1745. 

** That where an event so memorable 
had happeuM might not* be hereafter 
unknown, this stone was set op by John 
LordDelawarr, who has seen tlie tree 
growing in this place." 

I should have sat by this stone to^ 
amuse myself with many reflecttonsy 
if the lonely hollow where it strndtt 
had Oot resembled a vast homing 
glass. The trees at a small distance 
form a kind of circle, and here leave' 
an open space to collect the Sun^s 
beams : the road falls down upon it 
from a little rising, where a snake 
ran close to my guide. I had also 
found four dead at Lindhurst, and 
make no doubt but the forest breeds 
plenty of serpents. Southampton 
from hence bears £§E^E, and rises 
with much beauty behind the trees 
about eight miles off*. The forest 
was thick and «;looray, with intricate 
rough roads from Rufns*s stone to 
Cadoara, where it embraces a largo 
oval heath, and then terminates. 

June 1 0. Took a view of Romseyt 
which has nothing agreeable but the 
swift streams of the river Tees, and 
an old Church, whose leads are decked 
with a flourishiug apple-tree. The 
roads a few miles heoce were scarce 
perceptible ; and my compass obstruct- 
ed by an obscure wood, in whose skirts 
I lay down above an hour, and in- 
quired my way of several passengeri, 
who told me nothing true, so I wan- 
dered along to Slaxted, and suffered 
greatly from heat and thirst inunjT 
way thence to the Downs, where I 
gained some refreshment from the 
cooling breezes at intervals, but took 
little pleasure in the handsome pro* 
spects that surrounded me, and woirld 
nUber have met with a puddle of 


112 Journey throughUzmpshire.''^DuchessqfCumberlu»uifKc.lF^ 

dirty water than had a \ision of an- 
tieot Home in all its glory 9 for my 
feverish fancy confined all its worldly 
desires to a shady tree and a cooling 
draught. Thus I went on for many 
tniles^ and in vain attempted to rest 
on the ground^ which reflected the 
heat with great vehemence. My cir- 
cular landscape was indeed extensive, 
and little ob^icured by hills or woods $ 
but in vain v^as my search for Win- 
chester^ whose )o# situation h^d 
escaped my memory $ and a neW 
map by the. King's Geographer allow- 
ed it not half the true distance from 
Romsey: its Cathedral rose at last 
about a mile before roe, when I 
thought it several behind. The sultry 
fatigue and intense thirst of my last 
lour hours dissuaded roe froro going 
beyond Winchester this afternoon^ 
where I only took notice of a wall 
Dear the Cathedral, said to be part of 
the College that gloried in the Monk 
Constans, who lost his life by usurp- 
ing the Imperial Purple against Ho- 
norius. lis arches are almost buried. 
June 12. Lost my way in a roulti* 
plicity of roads on Farnharo Cororaon^ 
and thence proceeded to Bagsbot 
Heath, which is an awful wilderness, 
besprinkled with blackish hills. The 
S7th mile-stone, which is the last from 
Hyde Park Corner, stands on this 
heath, just by Bagirhot town : my 
road from Farnham hither, and on to 
Staines, was almost entirely a deep 
hot sand. 

June 13. Cloudsof dust, land sultry 
weather, attended me to Westminster. 
This fortnight's journey of 273 
milcs^ was the pleasantest I ever 
made, though my fondness for air 
and exercise had drawn roe to half 
the Counties of England, and made 
nie a fit person to join chorus with 
Cowley t 

** The faithless Court, the trifling 

What solid honours can they give ? 
O, let me in the Country ran^je ! 
'Tis there we breathe^ 'tis there we 

live." J. W. 

Mr. Urban, Feb, 10. 

YOU may inform J. H. C. p. 608, 
^ that ttie Duke of Marlborough 
If, and always was, Baron ChurchiJl 
of Sand ridge, that having been the 
first English title of Peerage given 
to the fir<tt Duke, being taken from a 
poor little Tillage two milei North of 

St. Alban's, the property of the l»- 
mily of Jenyns of HolyweJl, front 
whom one third of it devolved to the 
Duchess, and the Duke purchased of 
her sisters their interest in the re- 
maining two thirds. Let those whom 
it may concern explain the propriety 
of giving to B. a title already m the 
possession of A. 

. The lady of fashion addressed io 
the letter mentioned in p. 610, is Lady 
Viscountess Granville, and the Au-' 
thoress thereof is Miss Sarah Trim-r 
mer (one of the daughters of the ce- 
lebrated Mrs. Trimmer) who fomrierly 
held the office of Governess to the 
said lady and her sister^ Lady Vis* 
countess Morpeth, sisters of tin pre-* 
sent Duke of Devonshire. 

Lord Clifford, p. 623, it is obvioD* 
enough 4 is ia no respect the oldest 
Catholic Peer* 

The Duchess of Cumberland,p« 635^ 
Iras never connected with the family 
of Salm : she was Frederica Cftrolina 
Sophia, born March 2» 1778^ third 
daughter of Charles Louis Frederic^ 
reigning Duke of Mecklenbourg Stre- 
lilz, married first to Prince Frederic 
Louis Charles, brother to the present 
King of Prussia, by whom she bad 
Frederic William Louis, bore Oct. 30, 
1794, and Frederica Wilhelmina Lou-* 
isa Amelia, horn Sept 30, 1796 ; and 
secondly, to Prince Frederic William 
of Solms Braunfels, who died April 
13, 1814^ leaving Frederic WilUam 
Henry Casimir George Charles, bora 
Dec. 30. 1801, and a daughter born 
July 26, 1804; and their mother was 
married, thirdly, at London, Aug. 29, 
1815, to Ernest Augustus, Duke of 
Cumberland. B« 

Mr. Urban, Feb, 11. 

THE two following strong charac<* 
teristic traits are privately men- 
tioned; I submit them to you for 
public preservation. Rob. Short* 

The Kino. 

Latoly his Majesty said : *^ I must 
have a new suit of clothes. I will have . 
them black, in memory ef George the 

The Prince Regent. 

His Highness joking on his indispo- 
sition observed, « The gout is to the 
constitution what a weasel is to a farnv- 
er's barn; the gout cures minor disor* 
ders, the weasel keeps away rats.— I 
have no appetite however for the gout : 
therefore. Doctor, 1 wish it aot m Mjr 


:] .•-■■. t Its ] ■ 


( ttaoi (w U>9 from ii uncertuo i but thore wai is 

b«»rk. It fau Jlluitratianufiteihibited inlhefroDt 

rty in the reign -oT the buildiD| bf a painlingof Efer- 

liDBintpgi*en culei lopporting the Globe, noder 

f " London mai 'which wai wrilten, Totu* muaJui agO 

a. ItiBS," tfaerc hlttrianetn. Here Sbakeapcare pro- 

;eiii«chr(>iii*i)i l>4blj attempted Ihe few urdinarf 

lajhunie," al- characters he ii luppoW to bava 

AgpM, ialbe perfaroiedi and ididj of hia piece* 

lean \he circui Were the fouDdatiuo, and cDnlinued 

Uadoubtcdly the popuUrit;, of this Theatre. King 

apon the lile Jainea, within a few daji after hiifirtt 

It feieral eoa- utija] \a the capital, beftuwed his 

reprevent twQ patronige od the company at the 

{rngand fleere- Globe- The rojal iicenie i> dated 

en'tmapdated the 19lh of May, 1G03, which wai 

litn Britatuda, *buiil the time uf commencing the 

Bribed ai ■* the lummer Naion, and aathorizw " our 

. aj-bon»e." If lerraBti," Lawrence FleUber, Wil- 

Ibflilatter authoritj mar be relied Jiam Shakespeare, and others, with 

njiM ■« to situation^ and local appro* " the rest uf their asiociatei, freely 

prialiua, it will he found to transfer to- ue tnd exercise the art and fa- 

ths diTeriioa of bear-huting to the cutly of playing comedica, tragedies, 

circDi theretofore a led fur ha II- bait* hitturiei, interlude!, morali,pMlorals, 

'■V. Itordwi'aiiwp it ane af tbabest sto^e-plaiea, and such like other as 

u (hat period, and. the description Ihei mve ilreadie stndied, or here- 

^biblv correct, u the hears not *f^' shall uie or studie, as well for 

Being, lilie the bulls, ifldiffcnous, must the recreation of onr luuing tuhject*, 

hm keen pra«er*ed in distinet bailj. m for our solace and pleasur« when 

ispfnr the general purposes of the wd shall thinhegood to see them .... 

direriioD, and therefore unlikely that as well within Iheire Dowe usual] 

iMUer acconiiDodation conld be oh- hoow, called the Globe, wilbio our 

Uiaed by ■■ exchange or transfer uf county of Surrey, aa al»o within «nie 

mideoce. Bull-baiting hi an eala- towne-hallc or muute-halle,"&G. 

bliibed HDnsenieat wai probably di»- Th« players at Ihe Globe were 

continued about the time of laying known aa Ihe Lord Chamherlata's 

the foOBdMioo of the new play-bonse aerTaola, until (he ^rantuf this license, 

or Gittb* Tboalrei knd by that occa- whereby they obtained the more iuf> 

aioted'tba eoatradiction in the maps pnaiug title of " the King's Serraota.'* 

■a to |be raffCCtlve amniemenl to They cnuliiiued acting bere at slalid 

"hieh each circus was appropriated, periods until the burning af the Thea- 

TIafw;tHutdy iheiw cannot be loo tre on St. Peter's day, the 99th of 

mnch caution ia admitting the graver June, 1G1S. Th:9 accident happened 

for an BiitSorTiy, while performing a new play, caWtd 

The date of bnilding the Globe ^11 U true, according to Sir Henry 

Theatre rqay be confidently fixed Woottnu: but, upon other and not 

WithlB the Vears ISSB— S, as by the inferior aiithoiity. it ia aaid to hate 

contract tor erecting the Fortune been during the diKharge of a peal 

Theatre, dated Jan. ISBB, it is re- of chambers, or cannon, in Sbak- 

ferrcd to as " the late erected play- spcart'a Play of Henry Vlll. when 

huine on the Baneke." It was of the atoppie of one of them haring 

cooMderable «iza, and built of wond, blown on the thiilch of the house, 

with ib roof covered with rushes, and the attention ut the audience loo 

ha*iqr Ike area upen ai a Summer much engaged nith the actura to nu> 

ThMlfb A turret on the roof served lice the immediate danger, the fire 

to '••pbL;F * silken flag, then a com- spreading rapidly, the wliole huilding 

tntMl cbtinctioii used at every place wasdeilroyed in two hours: " aind it 

whoa occupied for public diTersion. was a mnrtaile and fair grace of God 

WbtttboaunewasoriginallyderiTed that the iieupic bad *i> little barm, 

Q«n. Mta, Fftrvari/, 1316. huinE 

1 14 The Destruclim tif the Globe Theatre. [Feb. 

baving but two mtirrov i^gntoeet Some Itat their hstt^ and WMvtbcir, 
out." Winwood't Memarikli, To]> uU twor^) 

p, 469. ThcD out mnDe Burbldn to 

Dpun thn event there wu ratered The reprobrtei, tllM|^ ii 

on the SUtionen booki. J ioUful _ .. F'"^'?' . . ^" 

iaUaiaf the general eomiaer<Mon of "^d&r tteFWe.Bdifewy Copdjw.. 
ifHifamou, Theatre m the BanktUe, ™>WTo».ft«. — 

called theGlobe, which hu eicaped IT^ party *rigg««nddw^ w ei h ii| -fty g ^ 

dl prior reM>rcb Uketo«.h«terflrioiii, . "u ■■', , ,. 

,. The following iai coDle* from »n * w«ftiU bitrD«inrdUl»Mi*-. ■ 

old maDusertpt iqiuneofpoenii,aDdi !^^ 

though with a t(|lB i^niewhkt differ- * 

mU, from the improbabtlitj of the j^ 
plajers fiuding more than oae wicked q 

wit tu berhtme ih^ir miifortuae, it -a^ 
maj be comectur^ to form the Mib- 

jectof tfaeuaveeiitrjr: i„, 

"ASmntavpaiitliepUt^iMivnuing^ To 

the GbAe Plaaime m LondciD. Not 

• ■ Now ritt the dowite, HkLTOHlMB, £^ 

WVapt in ■ M»-Mh rabe { '"i 
Add uJl tlMiIokfcU.tngedi«, ^ 

^>tUtawuslB74*t-Ok»be< Bee 

ForiiM «wiuateim*iacB<uidMye, M* 

WvoaidoaSt-PMe^adaya. And 

. ,01) laiivwt .pitUhill Runvw* and yett Al J 

alllbif iitriie. „ Po*l 

Allyo'^tbUpteastito-viulantMMl. - *^ 
CiuDcliuen to.air itoiyai 

To.m Death withhi* rakeiog brands Om 

M(!il»t such an auditon'e ■' 4?.' 

Rrgarding ndtber CardGiall'* might. And 

Hotjet the rugged face of Henrj' tb« A^i 

' eight. ln« 

Dli sorrow, "ftc. In! 
Tfiii feufull file beganne abqne, r 

A wonder itraji^e and true ; . t 

And to the sta^-hawse did remoae, Ii 

tiM round ai'*EV''>i'* clewc ; Tbi 

And barnt dbwnc bath baata and ■nagge, met 

And did not ipare the Ulkea flagCi Cot 

Ob lorraw, die. and 

Out runne the Knigbti, out runnf the . witi 

Lordi, lb* .. ,. 1 

Andthere was great adoe; - EirAatoD Cooluua; ia, ^ tnff ifj .- 

■ Mr. HaloneMyi, " The cxhibilioni at tbe Globr teem b haVe 
chiefly for the lower clu* c^ people;" and ^vei the prologue to'S' 
Heir aa the authority : but, if that Piece ika* acted in tacation, 1 
only to expect a promitcuous audience. 

in the above ballad ia mentioned " Knigbti and Lonla ;" and <o Lentolk'a Pom 
of the Ymmg GaVatU'a ffHrligig, 1G39, the prevailing fuhlon 1| dlMlogUibfd b 
" Hii Mttio garment! ai^d fail tnttin robe, 
That bath bo often *iiited the Globe." 

OD^ it woiJd fa« Kkdir ' 

eibibitiana, when tbe.'playendidnot use the Theatre, liiielj tostfrtet ifajMrM 
cUm of peopkf tor, in.tV probgue tu the lame Plqr, it bdue va^atioa, Ijji^ialmr . 

'. ^l^booaefildMuoa, do«m(irepn>inlMi^we«a'. 

IS I*.] ^11^ tohlon T^eains.'^'^ Tke CaoSe.^' . V. rj^^ 

Term that iHII he nMiced on aoo- ^obd the late parlili #or|Lhdafe» aO* 

thcr eccasimi, forelold, tbat the effect '">™ thence continuing to the Soolht 

of advantinc the land from the pre- ^^ »^ M'- Brotok'i paiMget/' 

ciie i^orance of ** threshing of fiiJ<fldo».v 

carfnoaa and tantoloeiet,*' would be l^nAce&untofU^elBlKkn-QkRnKWf' 

to ** create the Glooe anew ;*' but (exhibUed in the mme Plate ms U^f 

there if no proof it 'was e?er re«opea- preceding article) wiii be given Cps' 

ed for scenic exhibition. our nexi,^ - , v 

The views of this Theatre, as it is ■■ . 

supposed to have existed iu the ti;ne Mr. UasA v, Feb, 9.- 

of 'Shaketpeare, ap^ar, by a dissimi- f PERFECTLY approve of a Mo* 

larity in the exterior, to represent l nument being ejected to the me-' 

either an hexagonal or an octagonal mory of an itiuttrious Orator i tb& 

boilding. Mr. Malone says, ** It was whole countrv ought to have an op* 

an hejngonal wooden building, partly portunity of clearly aBderstanding> 

open to the weather, and partly and appreciating his' merits. • 

thatched," though it is doubtful if in The pedestal on which it should 

the jintwerp Fieie of LoMon^ which rest should be stroiigiy marked oil 

U one of tbb earliest authorities; it one side, PRIVATE GRATITUDE; 

waa not iotended to represent four as being the foundation of all social 

aections of the building *. The an- virtues i the other side should be in« 

nexed view (see Plate IF.) is copied scribed, EARL OP ■■■ ■ -,• . -* 

fronp the map, entitled ** Londmiom We should then go to those lamio^^ 

florenlissiiha Brittanie urbs Empo* ous traits ofeloquencadisolayed in htt 

riomque toto orbe cereberrimum."* public speeches and pamnhlots during 

The co^yjn tl^^ V"*^*!!^ ^^* 1^^^^^ the oohappv disputes Mween Ui3 

** a DeiqrUtione dietta eitta a Londra, country and America, in which thd 

dated m Penetid apprttio NieoloMie^ patriotism of the Orator is to finely 

$erini^ mocxxi.i:.*' tempered, as, without faitingtocfaas- 

After the firp in 161S, upon tho tisethemiscendnctof MhiisteM,ni»vet 

Authority of fifolllu^s large view of to furnish its advertari^ with neir dt 

jLondoi^ piublished at Amsterdam^ specious handles of attack/ 6r de^ 

1647, it was rebuilt of an oval 'shape> ience. 

and very much enlarged. Obtaining power^ and of couno 

The exact spot upon which this called upoa to reform those abuses 

Theati^ stood i« said to be '* what is which he had so freely censuried, he 

nojir called J^aid-Iane I the North side took the earliest opportunity of 

and jiuilding adjoining, extending getting his office of Paymaster of tho 

from thie West side of €ounter-alley« Army discharged froii) the heavy 

to the North side of the passage lead- burthen of the land-ta^ , which had 

ing to Mr. Broojii's cooperage; on been thrown on that indiscriroinalely 

theljastsidebeyond theeiidofGlobe^ with other public offices. How the 

alley^ including the grouo^ on tMc^ quota was to be raised which re^ 

■ '- -■ - . ■ ■ ■ ■ 1 ^^^-^ ^ - 

• • » 

^ There, is iasertei in the copy of Pennant's London, illustrated by the late Mr. 
Crowle, a spirited drawing of this Theatre, with a ribband waving over, inscribed 
.« Globe, Southwarke';" and beneath is written, in cbaracters, 8upj»osed coutem- ' 
Aorary with the original : I^ at the saloon 

Il5. iiija. 
Our Theaters are rased douoe,* 
and where they stoode boarsie lectures* 

now are preached 
hy wy ve9, of coiub-malcers ' 
and midwyves of tower wpiarfe.] — Davena{nt]. r 
Id IdteiratUre it is, pei4)aps, less dimcult to ^uard* against unprincipled ing;eauity 
than in mercantile transactions, which' arises from the fabricator being too. iguoj^ant 
to pr^^iVe eonsi'st^cy in everjr particular. Without inquiring into the applica- 
tion lof the term '* Saloon** to any j^rt of a playhouse^ until I'eceatly, it is sn^cient' 
lor the^deteeCion of thrsr drawing as a forgery to refer to the cUstruc,tion of the bousp 
liy lire In 1613, when Davenant was little more than eight years of age, and that 
the Flay of Tht iViU^ from whiclji the lines are copied, was not printed, 
t BiaCoiy and Antiquities of the F4rish of St. hViour*^ Sontb«ar)^> 1795. 


■tained cfa«imd M ft»-fittrirt, M wkich,! hoM.wUltvMhrfadaMV' 

Mtttmmra Sim. •ao mora kbie tbu ajteU. . . ,,■ 

The ibtMei ia tiM Kiig'! kilchen I will conclnda n ilh HffMll^n 

«*•< Mormout. A g rest number of thatonuapcxihoaldbaSiMmlUM 

cMki ««Ta iMpl. at pr«at eipoDCc, to tow. uarkM " 9600t ^m- «Mmmi.*7 

drCH a MDgle dinner, wbicb. a* be Yomt, &c. Q. X., , 

liberallj obKrTedt cooU have bean — n ■■'* . , 

■nppliad from a tavern at lew «>• fffirtrlt/rnm fin r«i i niwWiiBH m 

pence. . . Johpb Hi^aaeaa, Af. 

Id rffermieg tbe Kief'* inmediale (ConHnued fnm pt-lM / ■ ,, 

HoUMliold, be wa* too clMrii[bled Janh Hakkii, £«f. i* Jntrnt- ; 

to auept the Bunlance ttf official HioBMOXa, £ff. V 

cotnmnnicatioii ofiered him by ibe nHBAl* I maj not begatl^af ai| 

Bead of the deparlmeolt oee who had J. abiurditj, who an eo artifti ia 

leallybeeo the ncaM of- GOfredinf S'*i>>ff iajtrBclioM to jon wliii anf 

_i . .1. ._ -n good a one, be pfcated t6 ehaiiiiii 

■ iiiitruclioar' hot aa Um beit 
enplauatioB 1 caiVBivc of iKch a'psf* 

furaiib the adveiMFf witb aaf aif u- trait a) J i ' ' 

■eati wbicb nigbt tfiect b» owe *er; deairt 

Countrj. . wherever fi 

We will Mwcen* to Ibc famDiii netbe'iiHw 

daggeraeeMt and the pice paid Tor Idetiielhei 

tbe eahibilioii. Hia act to provide and boUat 

•(aintt the fraat of penaioDi Mjoad can be jail 

m certain aawint, waa one of tboie of light and 

gnard* againtt pnblic abnie*," for properly m 

vbiefc b«kad loudly and luccaaafullj plicajr of 

eoBlaiided. At thiatiae, tbe Onler, care(al ava 

irtiohadaot any plan, and who wai apdoplUl 

ifcommeded b; a troDbl«Min>e Mt of are bait rai 

-people naNed credUora, wanted aomer H; xrasdA 

thing — tbe PdnakHi - lirt wu full. Charh 

'^Traef tit read th«Act, and tee wbor tbadtapeq 

pereenLWaatlnlliaiatieaf Mo.,, Will 

a«r a leep-hole caneot be fovad. 


libit graala ffon the fear von of thai 

llake ne out then f raota on tbat ' print «if bii 

'ftwdraucfc at will Miaa nonej to paj jpeler ^1; 

my dabia, and alord me tometbiaf every tbiii{ 

for Bij*elf." TwQ ([raat* ef iteot. pvrpoaalf 

« jeat Mc^ far three ^ tbe hM vigour 10 1 

Kvca thai conid be nnmed, were fix tbe al 

madeont, and aeldf anotber ISDiU, However,. 

«Taa fbr hiUMtf and wlfe—gnntt beg that, aryvo bMW'lb<M>aMH»t ' 

irhichi athe «b«en«d, werveeteqUaJ >o (noeb better lfcala>f doi }«n**MwlV. 

to Ui meriu. he m enodid ai tO'lMpatt jaar ipill. 

TheMOU. ajear, it i* believed, i| menu, that 1 May b»a>l», iif M i umi^ 

■till paidi and will probaUj ht *o ing Ihero, to correct mj a«ai.' ' 

for many yean. 1 am. dear Sir. year aMat eke* 

A aide yet wmaina to mark tbe diealbpmMeMfMMi • 

bnaoiusble pre«enliea oP Mr. Bai. . Stoat* HaaatiV 

tiagt^mdtbeideatJiamiirableBede SaraM, Jfajr 19, 1148. ' > •' 

«f eendactiag it| Jnt wf tbia I am Ginoe wrilhig'tbia, J berr*k 

■eiiblelAapleakiia tbolcnwitdar ftlallerfrei^ try Bretber^' t 

«emie.' M Knpe-oae who knew- Hr. Mpaeee of tfae'vett, 'tb^t|g«ll,.«tf 
.WchBwlMiaiadiagbraaiuKBowMaf tbe band. e<peaiaMye«>brlM|it|d>ai« 

it*ericlB«aadinn74ttiritaMwdBMn. ■tobetotbblnrfe^ T ha dnW,<f«|% 

Tbeae^antke^ktcWhibbhwrBiM. jngHwwbotonaiair'gC'aif^Ml^Ji*: 

carted (aine<UD:tkB'pr«p»Ml of a Itat t<w«'|<«v«rWn|lhitiM«Hb 

«iMUimur«H-tb*iPxcMMrtMtiMi n>»<M(yl^»"|» i lbiil y dBwWM» 

181^.] Letters^ Mr. 

to what } wooid moft dci«ire. The 
picture I have leut jou wat drawn 
bj GreeohilL 

Mr. HiGHMOAB, in amwer !• ike 

Your lentinieaU, in general » are 
so nearlj mj own, that in following 
them 1 shotild act agreeably to my 
be§t conceptions; but in the p resell 
afiair it mutt be considered that I can 
take very little liberty, the boldnesi 
of the pencil (at you are pleased to 
term it) being reitrained by the ori- 
eioal, of which I am to make at faith* 
Ful a copy aa posuble* though coui- 
•itteatly with that i tball do ail in my 
power to auawer your expectatioow 
^f to the drapery, &c, I am lome- 
thing left connned, yet that must not 
he too itroog for ihe head, &c &c. 

Jas. Karmis^ Esq* tQMr.UiQuuoKm, 
DiLAK Sia, 

I RBCBiYBD my grandfather's pic- 
ture yesterday, and am highly pleased 
with iL I should not hafe thought 
it had been posflible to have imitated 
the style of 6ir Peter Lely so bappilj 
as you have done. However, it m 
not so much for any imitation that I 
admire it, as for that decent and unaf- 
fected simplicity which runs through 
it, and which, according to my rea- 
soning, is essential to all true grace 
and beauty in every art of elegance 
wlmtever, 'Tis a multiplicity of 
foolish and minute ornaments which, 
in Architecture, is the character that 
distinguishes the Gothic. 'Tis a set 
of aflected phrases, high-flown epi- 
thets, aud strained metaphors, which 
in Poetry give rise to the flowery and 
the bombast. And 'tis the love of 

Sold and silver (so pleasing to chil- 
ren and to all who reason like them) 
which has tixed the perfection of 
Painting, in things so. far below its 
real dignity, and introduced a set of 
vicious oruaroeuts which only serve 
to obscure what merit a picture has, 
if it has any 9 and, if it waut merit, only 
Mrve to make it more ridiculous 
and contemptible. 'Tis indeed im^ 

Essible the more noble beauties of 
bt and shade, of life, character, 
nnd similitude in the countenance, of 
action and attitude in the whole and 
parts, should be property attended to 
where the mind has been first cor- 
f jupled with a glaring prospect of unr 
vaturnl colours^ T^^J *^P for^h first, 
Mm Vice in the fable of Herculea by 

to Mr. U'l^niffte. 1 17 

Xenophon, -and anticipate attentioa 
before Virtue has been heard. Howw 
ever, 'tiatime, I am sure, for me to 
stop. The genius of the day has in- 
sensibly drawn roe- into a sermon, and 
the prospect of the picture hassug* 
gested the matter. Without saying 
therefore a word more, 1 shall b^ to 
subscribe myself, dear Sir, 

Yours, &c. Jambs Harris. 
. Sarum^ Jul^ 2, 17S8. 

From Ihc same. 

As I know you to he a man as well 
of science as of art (that is, to be pec* 
fectly versed, not only in tiie practice 
of painting, but in the theory), I talui 
the liberty to beg a line from you to 
be informed what is meant in pertpee- 
tlve by the vanishing line. \onr 
answer, transmitted to my brother 
(who writes to us constantly and 
under franks), will particularly oblige. 
Dear Sir, &c. jAs..UAftRi|; 

Snlisburjf, March 30^ 1156. ■. 

Hie Answer. r 


I HAD last night the honour of* a 
letter from yon, wherein ia desired 
an explanation of the vanishing line 
in perspective. . < . 

This is a new term, invented by Dr. 
Brook Taylor, to answer the pur- 
poses of his universal sy«tem, and 
means precisely the same thing, witli 
resjiect to all planes in general, a« the 
horizontal line with respect to that 
plane in particular; (i. «.) it is a line 
on the picture produced by the inter- 
section of an imaginary p^aue (su|h 
poxed to pass through thoeve of the 
sfiectator) parallel to any real original 
plane; as the horizontal line is pro- 
duced by a plaiie passing through the 
eye, parallel to that plane. This latter 
is a common term in all preceding 
Authors, whose limited systems sub* 
jected them to strange difficulties, 
and to the necessity of employing in- 
numerable lines and points when ob- 
jects were to be projected on any 
other planes, all which might have 
been avoided, had they known his 
theory. 1 presume that you need no 
explanation of the term horizontifl 
line, which always represents the 
height of that plane in the picture, 
and in the language of Taylor would 
be called the vanishing line of the 
horizontal plane : this, you perceive, 
is making the term universal, aa being 
equally applicable to all planes what- 


. ** 

1 1 B Ne» /fiierpretatim ff Q -Th^SM. 'ii. $* v I'piy^ 

•oerer* If there should remain any Spirit -had in viawlii Ihealft i^oi^^'*^ 
difficulty, either in thjo subject, or Mli)^ awily'^ ftir mof^, tiomiSfi^ 
from my manoipr of OKnreslipn^ or if than the corrubtions of any pattimi w * 
there are any other uaKieulars \h Church, ^ a falHof away*' that woiildl 
which 1 may^be thom^ht capaiile^rf spread itself mtdail Ike eomiriii'^ 
gratiiytD^ yo^iv curiosity, yobr cofnf- the Christian world,' ^ot only tiioat 
luaods wHK always be acceptable to^ 'subject to the Pope« botHbdse^'MM» 
^-^-c;.. *,- . mkkh liafe Iod^ wHhdrawtt thaiil 

selves from bis aufhority. ABd*fliie||i 
a ** fallinr away,*' Palest HistoiYflai: 
ceives us, has certainly tabpttttaeeM 
the late i^eotfui times i atf'lt M 
produced «* a Maqr of ;Sili^'''% P^VMf 
so tremendoiis, tbat>UMrQ»«faMi^l|^. 
expecUthMi «b^ it e«^: M -beatt^. 
ceeded. -'• • ; Hi. . .v .-. »■• ;•" 

As to the extettt of tbe'Ap«lH& I- 
may appeal tb Mosbeim^ •wbe, Ww/i 
rifietch 'W the nmorf^ ftk^aifk 
teeoth Cdmavji mea as tio^MliSM 
io^ most naHandioly pieMv of 'tlS 

dear Sir, &c 

Pr^m Mr. Habris to Mr. Hi«hmq|kb. 
Dear Sir, 
I HAVE jast' received from Mr. 
bourse your Treatise upon Perspec- 
tive, which if the htirry's I am ro are 
not like Horace's River, ever passiogi, 
but never to be pafet, I hope onetime 
or other to have the pleasure of 
readinj^. It is bvt a fair ppesumptton 
to suppose that in a sirajfct wherjs 
you are so able as to the practiire, 

yon should not be 4ess so as to the „ ^ ^ _^ 

theory. My wife beg^ you to a'ceept state of Keligion whan bewfpCe il;.ji' 
ber compliments : she joins with me *^ There is^no country «itf Ibrt^pe*' |iW 
in be^ging^ you woiHd ms^e the tellg os, where Infidelity baa ■ii4e»». 

baled iff poison, aad'-ackvMy 
deaoaaiaation of €bristiaas^«'«L 
whom W0' rafajT not fiatt s ip feia if 

sons who aim dither at a^total^oat 

tibn of aUr<eH9ion^Qr«i4B|totfto 1^ 
Talidate the autboHtnr of^tb^ CiH» 

to Mr. and Mrs. Duncombe *• 
^ I remaio,' dear Sir^ yf)ur very 
« sincere Friend, JAS/H^itR^s. 
Whitehall f Jdin. 91, lt64. 

2THE88.' il 3. 
" That Day shall ;iot come, except there 
coine a ratlih£^ away first, and that 

tian system." • Avd* ifct tnitbof Mi 
information has beaii «0(BftriiMii»'-bjr 
two later nrost respectablff»Aiitb0ni^ 

bfan of Sin foe reveialed^ the Son of who have takeo jpaioa to trdee^tMa 
• Pterdftion.** -''-' — " rf^t.*- -^.^^..-.. .- 

7*^0 attempt |to give a mew inter- 
' pretation of th^s passage of Hdl|r 
V^rit, might seein' to reouire some 
apology, if tt was ||enerally ^n«}wn» 
that no text, perhaps, has so mujch 
exerctiieil the abilities of many of our 
iriost learned Divines and Preachers i 
but a large proportion of thjese Expo- 
sitors lived before thoie events had 
taken place, which appear to be ^ 
fulfilment of it, and many of them 
have been freachers of a certaiii {jec* 
ture, by the terms of which they were 
under an obligation to consider it 
as having that meaning, which the 
Pounder of the Lecture supposed to be 
the (ruth. Ail of these writers, ex- 

whole progresa'of^this MisiMify 
ha^e laid open the widuid aits ■ail 
impious iJidAstrv^'by vbich tt'ftlalit* 
ed its horrid pcrrectiofli < '»■(' '* - ' 
U IS not pcMWe ia a tmaM^tpaiBe f#i 
deuihall thediabollealpvaelieea'ttei 
sorted to to spread this dreadfd eirH 
among aH the Ifatians of'^bflliti^ 
dom. I must refer Uy ' Baryclel 4aA 
Robison for'a fall account >oflh4JiaC 
it may be sufficleat toUie preseat-ftl^ 
gument to observe^ tbaltbese wr^ra 
pro^e incontestibly^i'tbAt ^* tbif'afQ 
heart of uubelier' was coafibad'-ii 
no country, nor prafeuioo of Cbrirff 
tianity. All of them wer«*aaara ioljr 
leM infected with it Inf raaaln^bowk 
ever, it seems to have made lb«l laaal. 

eehl three or four, have agreed in der "P«* V\^^^', So early astbe tfi^ 
scribing the Pope as the " Man of iVi^'yi* ^^: A*^*^?*.?*? yjMWlftet 

Eobison tells sl| tbat •>*' th«#o^' wijj^ 
»i,Msv«... V. .» t.... hardly a man pretendibg 
■^Bol tVe sad experience of »?? knowledge, in Ibat coitaft<jfV fHM^ 
IS given us every ^w not laugb at Rcligit 

Sin," and the corruptions of ToperV Hoftison tells si, tbat •>>' th«#o^' W«i^ 
as the Apostacy, spoken of in this *»roly a man pretendibg to amtoeaae^ 
«k.J»^.* n.«f t1.A m^A <.v«>or;«n^4> ^^f aud Roowledee. m «that a oMB ft wo ^wlnfc 


the present age has given us. every 


reWn to ' believe, That the Holy ^m about tbjptime^'^banTiplMaHi. 

---^ — -: --^^ -^ aad bis associatas^ aot toaataatfislllt 

• Mrs.Du^6fflbilHtsMr.Hiibmore^s merely not believing the CttalUlMi 
daughter. ' -fetagiottthemiaifavcaiiaa ifadMi a liaH 

■■••'•'""•'■ aM 


New Interpretation of 2 Thess. ii. 3; 


rid project of oyertuming it altoge- 
tber. And in this plaa they employed 
tbeniseUes for many years ^ith-BBch 
indastry and per»everance, that the 
Church was only styedby that Power, 
who bad promised that '* the gates 
of Hell should not prevail against it.". 
Id the year 1773, this detestable cotti't 
biDattoo couid boast of having sown 
their baoefal seed in every country of 
Europe ; aad as it had 20 years for its 
growth, almost without opposition, 
before the war broke out, we have 
too luuch reason to fear that the har- 
vest was plentiful and abundant. In 
this vast apostacy I cannot but be- 
lieve that this prophecy has been so 
far most Itterailjr fulfitled. 

And this is rendered highly proba- 
ble by the consequences of it. For 
there fan be no doubt, that from this 
state of things arose the French Ke- 
TolntioD, in the course of which ail 
the vile and aboiotnable theories of 
these secret Societies were put inta 
execution in the most public and open 
Planner, to the astonishment of all 
who were not aware of the progress 
of <* the mystery of Iniquity," though 
it had been working for nearly a 
whole century in every country where^ 
Christianity was professed. Now was 
" revealed," appeared publicly, 
"the Man of Sin, the Son <>f Perdi- 
tion," the bare mention of whom had 
given so much alarm to the first 
Christians, nnd whose atrocious deeds 
have in the late times chilled with 
horror all those who had the 
happiness not to be partakers in his 

It has been a doubt among Com- 
mentators whether ** the Man of 
Sin" would prove some particular 
Person, or some Country desperately 
wick,ed. The event appears to have 
dectued, that by this phra/ie is intend- 
ed a country ; since we have seen a 
very Iar;;e country, the first in Eu- 
rope, I believe, as to the number of 
its inhabitants, become so entirely 
corrupted and depraved, as fully to 
answer this character. In this dis- 
cussion, the governors and i^overned 
are to be considered as forming oue 
body. It hrift been lately attempted 
to separate the actions of Buonaparte 
from those of- France; but he could 
have done nothing without the ap- 

Erobation^ and active concurrence, of 
is subjects. . . 
This singular penonage is describ- 

ed by the Apostle, as <f opposing &nd 
exalting himself above all that it 
called God, or that is worsbiped t" by 
which, says- Bp. Hallifax, <^ may bd 
only meant, that* he ftbould exercise 
a supereminent jurisdiction over the 
Kings and Princes of this world;*' and 
such, no doubt, have been tbedoiiii« 
nee ring pretensions of the French 
Nation, in whicb they succeeded most 
wonderfully. He was '< as God, to 
sit in the Temple of God, shewing 
himself that be is God ;" that is, he 
was to appear within the limits of the 
Churcb of Christ, to take, as it were, 
the management of the world out- of 
God's hands, and to order all things 
by his own Providence. Something 
very like this, surely, we have seen la 
the cbaages made by France in tlie 
different Nations, both as to their 
bouudaries, and the nature of their 
governments. He was *' to come 
with power and signs and lying MK>n« 
ders." He was not to perform mira- 
cles; but he was permitted to Aql 
many things very extraordinary, and 
almost beyond belief. Burdon may 
furnish an instance or twQ» «* The 
passage of the French Array, over the 
great St. Bernard was almost miracu- 
lous. Hannibal was 15 days in per^ 
forming the third part of what Buona- 
parte did in five. He promised bis 
troops at Dijon, that in two decads 
they should be at Milan; and, incre- 
dible to relate, he performed his pro- 
mise, after a series of difficullies sucb 
as. were never before in so short a 
timesurmouuted by human strength." 
His *' lying wonders," or ** wonders 
of lying," as it is in the Greek, seena 
to auswerto the exaggerated accounts 
given in the Bulletins, which were of 
great service to his cause. 

I am not inclined to touch upon 
what the Apostle hints at, as having 
explained to the Thessalonians in con- 
versation. But, if there is any truth 
in the tradition, that this wicked |>er.- 
son was not to come whilst the Ro- 
man Empire lasted, it may be thought 
to be accomplished by the Emperor 
of Austria resigning the Crown of the 
Caesars ii) the midst of the French 
triumphs. This happened in the 
year 1S04, and was followed by a, 
great accession of power to the Em- 
pire of France, by what was called 
the ConfedcratioQ of the Hhiue iu 
1806, thus placing, at its disposal 
KYeral Natious which before owed. 

120 ^twTtUirpretglion^ i'theaB.h.Si—tAmAaai [t<dbb 

flnir lUagiMte to HHt Binyeror af hi) 

6enD8n}i nei 

WHat i* MM «r GMl'v Ma41ag Re 

«nimi|^l tbem, trtio ** Tcc(i*ctf not hi • 

Ibfl tore «r the imlh, Mrong detiHioiii tlii: 

tlMt Ihcy (hotild lMli«v« a )je, that ma 

the; all migbl be dfttnMd whd had Un 

pleaiara in unrigllteaumMi,'' reftra* tol 

Do donbt, to that ipMtK; whieh hu eoi 

ten treated of fciefere. Theljeinty Th 

be preMiraed to be that doctrine, ^i 

Vhkh i« the intiif u h were, afall Fri 

the dootrhM» of the lIlDmhiBti leA kel 

aecret Soeietie*) that the «orM itonid tie 

be mach imptuved m4 miKh hap* ni 

ftevt if ihe Chfi«t4aD RellBien, ind mi 

iudecd cter J thing Ifte Religion, itti Kit 
sbutiihcd rroTD ill And the belief of 

lhii*B* tite eauMof aJI tfaoMJod^- m 

went*, which have flltea to h'eatiij of 

M 10 inao; Katieni. ^i 

' One cireunHtaDCe more rtmaint we 

4a be noticed, which M, the end of dd 

Ihia "Man of Slfff"'-'* whom the Lord di» 

•hall connme witti the tplrctof hii «fa 

aioDlh, aDd Dball dMrc^ with Ibe fkl 

brightneM »f hHt eeMtDg." And on da^ 

Ihlf head I meti mj bol Uttie. For thi 

•ercl; never did the oveeroliiW Pro- Ah 

'" * "-tilMffm-- • 

ihici » 

Tidetiee of God » 

plaint^ and DowerTBlly than in the tei 
dewnlaH of tAi> montlet of ieiqaitj. 

I all men he^R to deip«ir of ' 

; an eitd of the calamitiei ander - 
i to manj nationi had beoi mi ] 

-Ini^ luflbrlBgt^wheD thiiFower had - 

acquired Mch rtrehcth ai to affiard ¥< 

wo probable hepea of ki dcftractioBt * 

>— wheoit mi{;ht btddlfdefjailhoiBaB * ' 

nieatM of rcaiatance— id b very few dl( 

'fDunnif ontj we bad the ploHore ie ' 

■ee thii *a*t fnbrtck fltterlj o*er> thi 

thrown and laid in the duat, " eon^ an 

•uoMd h; the fpirit of the laoutb of U 

the Lord, and hj the brifbtneaa of hi* tri 

Toittiiig." tf 

TheH-ulhoFtheiHteriiralatioiifaere foi 

-given of Ihii ProfHleiiJi I had dinort do 

«airf,i*cnnifmedbj the conaideratioOt Tti 

that thi* " Mae of Sin" of St. Paul er 

-M deicribea) b; St. John bj the name •« 

of Antichrial. Now it could Dot M 

have been thvDght that lo true % che- ** 

'racter could have been^ven of Ulit wl 

wicked Nation in one tingle word. >■ 

For in thii vait country, Chriitiaiill^ ll< 

«a« deilrojed, a* far ai it wa* po«*i- !• 

blefor heroan vUlalnj todettroyit. *f 

A fir>t ilep towuda it wU tbe murder hx 

orhaniBhaeet'ofaU ibeCtergjl Itb m 

calculated, that of tbeW, (4,000 were " : 
put lo death, and 198 Biihopi aed 

'M,oOv PrteiU truuported* Tlii* tb 

1816.] Latent Antiquities^ from Mr. Fosbrooke's Collection. 12 1 

Latent Antiquities; 

From the MS ColletH9ns of the Rev. 

T. T). F«SBROo&E, itf. A. F. A.S. 

Author of «« BritUh Monachism.*' 

No. I. 

IN Mr. Douce'f Illustrations of 
Shakflpeare» vol. I. p. 382, seq. 
he says, *' That there existed, durio^ 
the middle ages, numerous supersti- 
tions relating to a connexion that 
Witches were imagined to have had 
with Diana^ it will oe oo difficult task 
to profe." He then adduces a lon^ 
account from various writers, and 
ends (p. S94.) with the following pas- 
sage : *' Some of the ahove remarks 
have been offered as hints only for a 
more ample inyestigation of the fairy 
superstitions of the middle ages, so 
far tfs connected with the religion of 
the antient Romans.** 

It seems that this Diana was the 
HuidOf or HollOj of the Germans ; 
and» according to. M. Mill in, a Di- 
vinity peculiar to Germany, and not 
the Artemis, or Diana of the Greeks. 
This appears from the '* Versuch einer 
Korographie derErz-und Irossecerzo 
gHehenHaupt und ResidenztadifVurz- 
hurg, &c. or a Topographical History 
of WurzburJ^, published in 1808, by 
Joseph An&onp Oeggy Archivist of 
the Chapter of Wurzburg. 

As this work contains an account of^ 
the Antient Germans, which would 
importantly illustrate our An^lo- 
Saxon Antiquities, it will be useful, 
not to give the passage only respcct- 
iDg the above superstition, hut M. 
Mulin's Analysis of the whole f.rst 
volume, in order to elicit extracts or 

The Antient Germans, it says, had 
not in the first ages any temple : they 
believed, that it would offend.the ma- 
jesty of the Gods to enclose them 
within walls ; the sacred valleys, the 
woods, were the sanctuaries, where, 
under the vault of Heaven, they sus- 
pended their trophies, deposited their 
aoly vases, and made their sacrifices. 
In a strong hold, neverlheless, which 
was the residence of a Sovereign 
Prince, a temple was as necessary as 
among the Romans; for, according 
to the custom of these antient na- 
tions, a criminal was to receive his 
pnnisbment from the hands of the 
Priests, who were regarded as the 
representatives and executioners of 
the Divine Vengeance. 

Gent. Mag. Ftbruary^ IU\%. 

The Goths, Saxons, liombards,Thu- 
rlngians, Germans, and Franks, ap- 
pear to have especially recognized 
three principal Gods: Tkori Ir- 
minus or Arminius, . or Ercius, o'lf 
Vodan or Odin^ and Freay of whom 
the Normans made a male Deity, un- 
der the name of Fricco. They had a 
quantity of other Gods, among which' 
we may particularly distingnisn those 
of mountains, under the name of 
Alpes ; those of waters, under the 
name of Nixes ; and those of woods, 
under the name of Fauns. It is not 
surprizing that the Antient Germans 
also principally adored Diana ; all 
their country being but oue vast 
forest. They called her Hulda^ or 
Holla^ and represented this Goddess 
as the chief of a large army of Furies, 
who obeyed her orders, and was in 
the end known for a long time undei^ 
the name of the *' Fury Army j" she 
traversed the woods during the ^ight 
with this retinue, and a terrible noise; 
This popular tradition was preserved 
in Thuringia even after the introduce 
tion of Christianity ; and has been 
transmitted, under different forms, to 
our own times. 

[Is Hecate then, in Shakspeare's 
Macbeth, only a classical appellation 
of the German HuMa^ the Queen of 
Witches or Furies ?] 

It was also the fear of offending the 
Gods, which caused the first Germans 
to make no images of their Gods'. 
They consecrated trees to them, and 
especially oaks of an extraordinary 
height, in order to have a visible em- 
blem of their grandeur; but they 
very soon confounded the symbols 
with the objects which had given 
birth to them, aud worshiped, the 
trees themselves. Having in the end 
learned, by their connexions with 
neighbouring nations, to form imagei* 
of the Gods in wopd and stone, ihey 
imitated them, and placed these new 
monuments in their consecrated val- 
leys: afterwards they built, after the 
example of the Romans, a ki..d of 
small oratories, called CasulcF and 
Fnnn^ to preserve the ijtia:ies from 
the injuries of time. Having af last 
adopted the use of remples, their 
G<»ds changed their habitations to 
fix their residence in thcje temples. 
We scarcely know any thins: of the 
form of these antieut idols, except 
that Adam of Bremen says, that the 


122 Latent Antiquities. — Deities of the Antient Germans. [FdK 

Column c/Jriiitiiu*, among the Sazoniy 
was the trunk of a tree of a certain 
height, without any resemblance to a 
column or statue* Various other 
traditions say, that it was a colossal 
column, publicly exposed, without 
having the smallest resemblance to a 
statue of Irminus. Eccard says also, 
that the antient Germans had Gods, 
which they carried into their fields 
upon certain days, to obtain a good 
harvest. This procession was called 
Ambarvalia. It is supposed that they 
were images of the Goid Thort whom 

a yery amall one at the mdath to oc- 
casion (he blast. As this image Uof 
▼ery rude workmanships aim '.was 
found in digging the baton of the 
Canal at Basingstoke, Umay be- of 
greater antiquity thaq. it prasoinedf 
and assuredly there. is a ttropg re;> 
semblance in its forra'anc} contlriie> 
tion to the idol of our .Northern an* 
cestorsy called Pinterichi*'] ' . , ^ 
Besides the idols just mebtioaedr 
and which were publicly woirshiped, 
the Germans had a quantity of other 
particular Deities, whjch were kept 

the Germans made the Author of at home, like the Roman L^ret. It 

Thunder, and ail the celestial pheno 
mena, as rain, wind, &c. St. Boniface 
pulled down a tree consecrated to 
Thovy in order to shew the Pagans 
the visible proof of the weakness and 
nullity of their Gods. 

Not long ago, they found in the 
ruins of an antient castle, built upon 
a mountain at Kufifhausen in Thu- 
ringia, in^the vaults of the antient 
chapel, a bronze idol, which the tuU 
l^ar called Pusterich^ aud which had 
the form of an infant kneeling : it 
was two feet high, and had, in the 
belly and in the head, cavities into 

would be too long to speak of them 

They had also many feaitt and ta* 
crifices, of which the principal wat 
the feasl of the Sun [^Iiuel-oder Sou* 
ninfesil Spurcalia^ which tome o'tber 
German nations called also thefeaiit of 
FreOi or ofFricco^ orofFreJuis. The 
Boar was, among them, an animal 
consecrated to the Sun, because tbejr 
believed that a Boar *, with bristles 
of gold, drew his car. This aoimel 
served also for a victim in these featU, 
and the Salick laws make mention of 
it under the name of MqjmUi Skeri' 

which they could pour fluids, by two ficus. This Pagan custom wat ttill 
apertures, made in the mouth, and at further preserved in Franconia, eren 
the top of the head. Before ex- to the 8tb Century. 

posing this idol, for receiving the offer- 
ings of the people, the Priests poured 
into the reservoirs a kind of oil, and 
then carefully closed the apertures. 
Afterwards they placed the idol upon 
some burning coals, so that the oil, 
beginning to boil, made the brass re* 
sound, and render, in proportion as 

So far at present; and it it plaia 
that this worK, with a little additional 
reading, would furnish an illustration 
of many of our antient Superstitioof 
and popular Antiquities, more satis- 
factory than any which we now pos- 
sess i and would exhibit a connexion 

the heat augmeated, a sound similar with various Druidical and British 

to that of thunder, until in the end it 
made the lips move, and escaped in 
vomiting flames on all sides ; which 
produced a very imposing spectacle 
for the people. Eccard believed that 
Ibis idol was the image of Thor. 

[In the Archaeologia, vol. Xlli. 
PI. 27. is an antient image of bronze, 
of whish there is the following ac- 
count. It nearly resembles the image 
described by Dr. Plot, in his History 

of Staffordshire, under the name of died about 1770. 

customs, not thought to appertain tQ 
the Anglo-Saxons, but continued bj 
them, because common alto to their 
Germau ancestors. 

Mr. Urbav, Feb. 6* 

I FOUND the Petition, of which thi| 
following is a copy, among the 
papers of the late Mrs. CampbeU H»- 
milton, of Sackville-street, daughter 
of Sir Hans Hamilton, which iadj 

S« JS. B«. 

Jack of mUorif and like- that has 
been used as an asolipile, having a 
bole, at the back of the neck, for the 
purpose of filling it with water, and 

To the Queen* 8 most excelUniMqieHsf* 
The humble Petition of Sir Hans 
Hamilton, hart, son of Sir Robert 
Hamilton, hart, deceased, . 

* Perhaps the Gauls had the same opinion of the Boar as the Germans i for It 
often occurs upon antient monuments in the South of France. See M. MiUin't 
Voyage au Midi de la France, turn. II. p. 137. 


t8|£ J Sir Hans UujBoSlton.'—Flre of London. 12S 

If Oft hnmbU^ihewethy . . protifioti for hit tabtitUlice. — ^And, 

That the Mid Sir Robert Hamillmi, at in doty booiid* jonr pelltioaer 

Batiaf^beeniatbesenriceof tWIaiir tbtll e^er pray, te« 

Kitiff Jameit before the RerolotkHh * ^ m ' 

wit looked iipaa M E'diiaffiieCed per* mr^^s^^ t n « . st. ^ , ^ 

eoobylbrhSiSoTeroitaent; ftoaSS ^'SS^J^''^^^^ 

prieonev ibibeTdwetiwherebe »i PpfUft^pidXh^iwwm^^tuH 

^^Uie4aid Sir Robert Hwoilloo i^^ofikeJniiifUM^f^Beperi^nh 

bad DO efUte of hit own I bntdorinc npUlS tketcb of thit pietare 'WU 

-hit liftt'ei^dytd pert^ of the ettafe'<^ X taken at the Inttuit when tha 

your petitioaery irhich deteended ,to walli of the Gaol- of LuiiaATn fell t a 

him 4rbttk ^Sbt Hang Hamilton, baVt. efrcomttaoee which at .ooee opeata 

of Ireland, hit grandfather by hit mlew of the Wett tly^i^ert of the Ca^ 

mother, of the ¥alae of SOOO/. per THSoaAi. dP St« Vaxl on the point Irif 

taking fire, while the tteeple of 9t* 

That the taid Sir Robert, by the MAnr-LB^ffow, with itt Gothic eili(> 

expence he wat. at- during hit impri^ battlementa, forina the printeipal^Ob^ 

tonm«9t, and afterward t, wat obliged Ject in the back ground of a coropa^ 

to boftow great tumt of money Tor ntion at horrid aa~ any that the feai^ 

* ' toppoft, yoor petitioner beiadi ttmck imaginatioa could, in the 

Ihea an infant, and hit ettatelaid cent moment, conceive t or the pencil 

waile by the war whfch raged in of Terror conid at the time delineate. 

Ir^ad. The interior of the anttent gale ^ 

That, at toon at your petitioned Ludgati glowia|^ wiib fire, which 

came of age, the taul Sir 'Robert*t appeart tbi^^h iti- portal and wl»> 

credHort'were very preMrin|^ upon him dows, a«cendt in flaraet from itt tttr» 

forpayment I and he having no mo- rett, and teemt a furnace of inimeaae 

aey t<^' tatitfy their demai^g, your mi^itnde. Thit* object,- which is 

petitioner, to keep hit Mher from a ttrikhigly magnificent, ii relieved and 

nol^ 'war preivailed upon to becohie brought forvrard 'by the wbtte front 

EotRid with him for payment of hit of the adjacent Cathedral, of which 

debit. the Drawing, with itt unsteepled 

That, after the said Sir Robert*i tower, at it antecedently appeared, is 

deceate, the creditors prosecuted your very accurate. The Gothic tower of 

petitioner with so much violence, that Bow; at we have observed, raites itt 

he wat obliged to obtain leave, by yet uninjured head in the back-ground, 

'Act of Parliament, to sell all his es- while on the fore, most awfully stand 

tales for their satisfaction, which wat two higb and - blazing pilet, which 

accordingly done ; and although the were the rude wooden coltimns of the 

estate was sold at a h«gh rate, it wa^ prison t they now appear like bea- 

Dot sufficient to satisfy the said coos blazing to illuiiMoate the ruina 

debts, your petitioner having noiie of around. On the right is to he seeq a 

his own. low house, as y^t untouched by the 

That your petitioner has been a 'fire: this must unquestionably have 

Member of the House of Commons in been a part of the Monastery op 

Ireland since the year 1695j and the Black Friars. In the middle, 

Iberein behaved himself like a dutiful and on the left, the objects of falling 

subject till the year 1709, when he buildings, and- the effects of recent 

'was obliged, by the violent prosecu- concussion, render the whole -a ncene 

lion ofhis creditors, after having done so awfully grand, and produce emo* 

mil that was in his power to satisfy lions so truly, so naturally terrific^ 

them, to leave his native country, that to describe the one, or to con- 

'aod fly to Holland for protection, jecture the other, would'tequire the 

where he now remains in exile, with- genius of Milton, and the imagina- 

ont any means to support himself. lion of Dante ! ' But, if such is the 

Todr petitioner therefore most impression which a mere glance at 

humbly prays your most ezcellent only a very small part of this dreadful 

Majetty, out of your wonted good- conflagration is certain still, in idea, 

mod charity, to give hinT some to excite, what must have been the 

employment abroad, or make lome effect which a geueral view of itt 


the YaulU under Si. PauVt ; the 
Church wai coosumed, but the trea- 
sure in the Crypis remained untoacliedv 
till, we belieye, the StatianerB^ who 
were the greatest luseri*, too eager 
to ascertain the state of their pro* 
pertj, caused an aperture to be made 
into the glowing pit i a stream of wind 
consequently ruslied in, aqd with ex- 
plosive rapidity coaiun^ed the whole. 

** Heavens, what a pile ! whole ages pe- 
rish'd there ; 
And one bright blaxe tum'il kaminp 

into air. 


124 Great Fire ^/'London. — Improved Organs. [Fels. - 

destructive progress really produced 
upon the fuinds of the instant suf- 
ferers, and the expectant beholders ; 
nay, on the inhabitants of the Metro- 
t)olis, and of the adjacent counties! 

At this time, it is impossible for 
genius however excursive, or sensi- 
bility however exquisite, to grasp, or 
consequently to detail, the iolinite 
variety of conflicting passions that 
must, at that terrific period, when the 
conflagration, aided by a hurricane, 
on all sides rapidly advanced; or from 
the crash of houses, the momentary 
cessation of the gale, or other acci- 
dental intpediments to its destructive 
course, for an instant apparently re- 
ceded. Tradition says, that although 
the people who were able flew on 
every side, and in all directions ; and 
others, disabled by infancy, sickness, 
age, and terror, were carried ; these, 
which formed the largest congrega- 
tion, into Finsburjf 'fields ^ which were 
literally covered with the distressed 
and distracted multitude, and with 
such of their property as could be in- 
stantly snatched from the rapidity of 
the flames. Here, when recollection 
bad tnken place of the general hor- 
ror and individual terror that had 
prevailed, and the present necessity 
had in some degree conouered the 
antecedent dread, a kind oi camp was 
formed ; as was the case in several of 
the other places in the vicinity of the 

These suflerers were at least con- 
soled in their distress, by the sympa- 
thy and services 4>f the f^illagera ; 
also by meeting with the most general 
commijteration, a safe asylum for 
their persons, and the utmost security 
for their property ; while respecting 
the Cily^ Lord Clarendon observes, 
** In the deluge of rich commodities, 
jewels and money, placed, as was 
thought by I heir owners, in security, 
there were found men ready enough 
to fish." 

Many Merchants and Traoks- 
MEN carried their efteits to their 
Parish Cut'RcuEs: these, alas! were 
consumed with them. 

All the Booksellers and Station- 
ers which dwelt- in the neighbour- 
hood of the Cathedral^ which was the 
scene of this picture, and was, in Mo- 
nasteries^ Schools^ Libraries^ and 
Shopsy the Emporium of MelropnlUan 
Litermiure^ flew with their stock of 
Bo0k8i MSS. &c. and placed them in 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 7. 

IT is with much satisfi»clion 1 take 
up my pen to answer the letter of 
your Correspondent A. N. dated 11 tb 
December last, on the julycct of a 
great improvement mentioned id a 
French Journal to have been made iq 
France, " on that noble inslrumtsnt 
the Organ, by giving it exprestion 
equal to that of a voices tne only 
thing (A. N. says) before waotiog to 
its excellence. As the invention (he 
continues) was received by the Impe^ 
rial C uservatory of Musick, aa. it 
was then called, and approved pub- 
licly by the Minister of the. Inter iort 
1 presun-e it had some merit.*' A-K* 
se;.ds you, therefore, a translation of 
the French Paper, ** wishing at the 
sa>ne time to malce inquiry of yonr 
CorreupondenUf whether tlie ioventioa 
has yet been brought here' in any 
shape? So great an iroprovement» 
(he adds) if real, ought to be made 
general." Then follows the descrip- 
tion of the improvement, stated to be 
called the expressive Organ, and pub- 
lished in the French Journal named 
Esprit des Journaux^ 1813, p. 137. 
To that deNcrij)tton, in p. 4tt4 of 

Jrour valuable publicat'on for Dec* 
a«t, I beg leavelo refer yourReadera, 
for the double purpose of saving my 
own time, and your Magazine the 
room it would require to give a re- 
petition of it ; and will, with your 
permission, now proceed to comiily 
with A. N.'s request to know **spae- 
iher the invention hue been b¥om§ki 
here in any shape.** 

* Lord Qarendmi says the Siaiummr^ 
Company suffered to the amount of 
£.300,0€0. [not the Company as a Body, 
k>ut the individual Members of it.] It It 
mere conjecture who ordered the vaalia 
tb be opened. 


1116.] Improved Organs of English Manyfacturt. 125 

I believe I can Trith troth assure small Band, throogb &11 its yariout 

bim, it has not been brought here ; parts. Bach barreicoatains three or 

because it is said in the French paper four popular airs, or pieces of musick, 

quoted, to be an entire new invention and when one of the*e has finished tif 

tft France f then in hand for Itie first stods, it it only necessary to remoycy 

time; and the publick might expect and replace it with another; and thus 

to hear it in the course of the then any person possessing such an instru- 

current year (1813). ment, without being indiyiduall} able 

As an English man, it is therefore to play a single tune on the keys, 
with no nmall share of pride that I may entertain a whole company for 
think I can confidently assert, .the hour** with a Concert of Musick, per- 
said French' improvement could not formed in a s^yle of excellence not to 
baye been brought here; because be surpassed by the most emiueot 
those, ingenious and iroproyingArtists, professors of that enchanting Science. 
Flight and Robson, St. Martin's-lane, Amongst other yisitors who were 
built an Organ on the 9wme improved captivated by its astonishing effects, 
expressive principle, merely on their was his Grace the Duke of Leinster, 
own fancy; which, after being some who, on bis first hearing it 
time exhibited, was pnrchaNed by some very abie professors, gaye ao im- 
Captain (now Sir Felix) Agar, at least mediateorderforoneontheitameprio- 
eight yeai;s ago, which \» full five ciple, but on a more extensive fcale, 
years before the si^id French improve- for which he aj^reed to pay a propor- 
ment had, even according to their tionatel} larger sum. This was com* 
own aecounti been at ail known in pieted just before the arxiyal of the 
Fraitce; ii'hich Organ still remains in Illustrious Foreigners who lately yi* 
h is possession, the admiration of all sited this Metropolis; many of whom 
who have had the good fortune to heard, and expressed the warmest ad- 
hear its very fine and expressive miration of it, declaring unequivo- 
tones. cally at the same time, that they had 

Since that. Lord Kirkwall^ with iiever heard any thing to be at all 

that high and liberal spirit for the compared to it on the Continent of 

encouragement of the Arts which has Europe. 

always so particularly distinguished it is worthy obseryaHon, that this 

him, bespoke of the same Artists an happened in 1S14, and that these II- 

Organ on the ^ame principle ^Yi\ih se- lustrious Strangers came d rect from 

yeral additinna! improvements, for Paris to London ; and if the improve- 

which he paid thesum of 2000 guineas; ment alluded to by A. N.- was exhi- 

and so greatly delighted was his Lord- hired to the publicK in Paris in 1813 

ship wUh his purthase, when com- (as it was promised in the French 

pieted, that he suft'ered it to remain Journal referred to), they would in 

at the Manufactory where it was all probability have ^eeu and heard it. 
built, for several monihs, that the The foregojng splendid mstances of 

pubiick mi;;ht for a time enjoy its encouragement by our own Aobiliiy, 

extr.) ordinary sweet and enchanting and the universal admiration of Po- 

tones ; and that all foreigners who reigners of Ihe most exalted rank, 

visited this Country at that period could not fail to acl a« stimuli to the 

might see and hear, on the very spot efforts of aspiring and superior genius; 

where it arose, an Organ on a scale of and the said Arii^ts have accordmgly 

improvement which had never before been induced to commence the struc- 

been attempted, and which did not ture of an Organ on the same princi- 

more astonish than charm the great pie, but on a murh more magnificent 

numbers who had the happiness to hear scale, and combining powers of har- 

it — the Writer of this among the rest, mony and execution far more bril- 

This extraordinary mstrument, be- liant and extensive. It is to be called 

sides the set of keys usual to all the Apollonicon, and is now in a 

Organs, has also attached toit twelve state (»f progressive forwardness, nn- 

barrels, successively turned by a self- der the immediate and illustrious pa- 

rooving mechanism, set a-going by tronage of His RoyalHigmness the 

the mere toucli of a spring; and you Princb Regent, followed and sane- 

hear immediately a favourite Over- tioned by the most flattering appro- 

ture, or other piece of mu^ick, played batiou of the Nobility, and personages 

with all the -precision andefiisctofa of the'firtt fashion and fori i^^e. H 

126 Improved Organs.' Premiums at StDavid's.- TX^Cfer^j/. [Feb. 

Estay on the History of the Church 
of Jerusalem, and the Succession of 
its Bishops, from the appointment of 
James, the first Bishop, to the preieot 
time. ff.B, The younger Conipetit0r9 
for this Premium are referred id the 
" Historia Ecclesiastica Mag^deb'urri- 
I," and " Chateaubriand'i TraTelf itf 

will be finished in a short time; and 
I beg leave to recommend it to A. N. 
and such of your Readers as have 
leisure, to visit, as soon as conve- 
nient, the Manufactory before re- 
ferred to, whilst the instrument is in 
progress to its completion. 

It is not possible to enter into a 
particular description of this extra- 
ordinary instrument, its wonderful 
combinations, and the effects which 
will be produced by it, without mak- 
ing this article too long ; but some 
idea may be formed of the grandeur 
of the plan, when I inform you that, 
in addition to its self-acting powers, 
which it possesses as well as those of 
Lord K.i^c. there are attached to it six 
sets of keys, for so many professors 
to perform on at the same time ; and 
that, by their separate and conjoint 
effects alternately operating, they 
will be enabled to produce the glo- 
rious effect of a full and complete 
OrcheHtra of the highest class, play- 
ing off at score. 

From what 1 have stated, 1 flatter 
myself that A. N. as well as your 
Headers in general, will be inclined to 
think with me, that, however merito- 
rious the improvement on the French 
Organ alluded to may be, it is evi- 
dently, from dates, some years subse- 
quent to that first produced by our 
own ingenious Countrymen ; and 
though it has been an old saying, 
that ** in mechanicks^ the French in- 
vent^ and the English improve :" yet, 
in the present case, the English have 
got the start ; and that this particu- 
lar improvement has not been brought 
herCf though I think it may rather 
be presumed, and not unfairly, to 
have been taken from this Country. 
Yours, &c. Handbl. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. T. 

THE following Premiums by Be- 
nefaction have recently been of- 
fered by the Society for promot- 
ing Christian Knowledge and Church 
Union in the Diocese of St. David^s : 

Fifty Founds will be given for the 
best Essay on Baptism, as an ordi- 
nance of Christ; — as His appointed 
means of Regeneration from Original 
Sin ; — and, as such, a means of Grace 
necessary to our Salvation: and on 
the difference between Baptismal Re- 
generation, and the sub^uent Re- 
ntwals by the Holy Spirit. — «. Ten 
Poinds will be giTwa for the best 


Greece and Palestine.** 

The Essays are to be sent to the 
Rev. Mr. Barker, Vicarajge, Carmar- 
then, on or before June i, 1816, with 
the name of the Writer inclosed in a 
sealed cover, having a motto on the 
outside corresponding with the motto 
to the Essay. Laicus. 

Mr. Urbav, London^ Feb. 5. 

1WAS very much surprized to read 
in p. 21, an attack upon the 
young Clergy, from so respectable a 
Correspondent as the Rector of Ab- 
botts Roding ; an attack not only il<- 
liberal, but in one instance utterlj 
false, I have a very extensive ac- 
quaintance among the Clergy of tbia 
Metropolis, and lor some years have 
officiated in many Churches and Cha- 
pels in it, and am at the present mo^ 
ment an Assistant at one of the n^Mt 
respectable and fashionable Chapelt 
at the West end of the Town. In 
only one instance did I ever hear the 
Preacher alter the Lord's Prayer, bj 
substituting who for which^ and that 
occurred, not in reading the Liturgy, 
but only in the Prayer previous to 
the Sermon. With respect io the al- 
teration of the Ten Commandmentf, 
his accusation is utterly false. 1 defy 
him to point out one single instance^ 
where the officiating Minister hat 
ever dared to alter the Command-^ 
meats, by reading ** Thou oughteBt 
not to commit Adultery,'* instead of 
*^ Thou Shalt not. ''^ I am sure your 
Readers, and the community at large, 
would feel extremely obliged to the 
** old-fashioned Parson* to name the 
Church or Chapel where such an of- 
fence was committed, that the Delin- 
quent may be punished, as he woold 
amply deserve ; and as he has affix^l 
his name, he is bound to mention 
when and where such an occurrence 
took place: but 1 am positive no 
such thing ever happened in the Es- 
tablished Church. 

Residing in such an obscure place 
as Abbotts Roding, and officiating in 
a Country Church, it is impossible he 
can ever know, but bj report, hoif 


DiTibe Service is performed, in Lob- ^intt ofrl - IKe' propnetort arid pa1i« 

doa ; but when a DiTind of the BiUt- luhenl of new werka to hUTO neeii 

Iflttbnient publicly attacks such a re- the objecti df attack. Thai remedhf 

•pectabUi body ais the London Cler^^y is, to £ijf ike eopV'Hghi ^en i bnt all 

be o^bt to oe yery ettarded'in nis c.o^y-right In 'the re-prinis Iff old 

expr^Miohst and be certain that what works, espedallj of black'' letter 

be adfaneei is nothing bnt the truth, books^ has Jong since expired i cff 

CLinicvs LoNDinsMsis. some of thetn aboTe two cetttorlerf 

m and therefore cannot oiiw be ldli#ii^ 

M^.UmBAii/ CktUemyFtk' 1. I feel persuaded ttat tbe View of 

SIJR£.I am that^our liberal Re- the question sohmitted bj me to tb« 
Tiewer of the two ** Jovahs " attention of your Readers, wit) carrj 
(tee p. 44:) never meant to pay an un- conviction to tbe mind of trtrj per- 
meaning compliment, or to act un- son connected with the puVlicatiofi df 
conrteouriy ; and yet, Sir, 1 fear he books,, and to most perioni who'arie 
has been unwittingly guilty of the reallT an& sincerely' the lovcin aind 
former procedure towards Jlfrs. frjends of Literature f and who, of 
^medlgf I add of the latter, towards course,, equally desire its conaervi* 
Jfrs.. Bellamy. Start not, ray desir tion uid the prosperity of all ita 
Sir! Theffictseemsrealty tobeasi servants, if any such persons have 
haTe briefly stated. Both J. W. Bel- had diflfecent views, it most have'beeii 
lamy and Edw. Smedley, Jun. wrote owing to the want df a more accurate 
ibr the Seatbnian Prize ; and, alas ! knowledge of tbe facts : bul 1 pit 
both Gentlemen have since obtained on no account believe that any per« 
Piiixas at the altar of Hymen*. Be sons will Join Philo-Lib. in his ex* 
the Prtze-Poemi what they may, the pressions of exultation at tbe thought* 
Frisce'Laiie$ are equally respectable i that, men who ,may have aijltenliired 
ami' r persuade myself Mrs. S. does capital for the increase of the pilbllc 
B<4 exult in the apparent preference stock of books should, throngl^ sin ■ 
to Jlrs.B. assigned by your Reviewer, error in judgment, fail in acqoirinijp 
Tours, &Ci Pasquih. profit, as the reward of their enter* 

m prizes ; or, as he tauntingly says, find 

Mr. Urbak, Jan, 19. »* » " losing speculation." 

PHILO-LIB. declares (p. ^9) that I ?ra now quite willing to let the 
in my letter to you, printed in ' meritsof this oioi/^rftfBilfrTi'onuriiui rest 
the Magazine for December last, 1 onthe truth oflhese two propositions t 
had ^Uhought fit totally to mistake 1 si. That every man has a right to do 
hU meaning r that, in consequence, what he will with his own; and Sd, 
he had little to do with the major That the services of all who labour 
part of what I had written; and he intentionaUy to. augment the general 
proceeds to illustrate these assertions *lock of useful books, should be 
by referring his former remarks to thankfully received, in whatever way, 
re-prints of old works. ^^ under whatever limitations, the 

Your Readers, howevcr,'upon turn- parties may see fit to aft'ord them, 
log to his own letter (vol. LXXXV. In conciding the first of these. 
Part II. p. 303.) and to the Cover which certainly is tbe main proposi- 
of your Magazine for August 1815, tioo, your Correspondent appears to 
will perceive that it was not a re- me *o. *»»▼« fallen into a virtual ro» 
fiintf but a proposed new pubUca* cantaiion of his former strictures i 
Hen, fvhich called forth his animad- ^^^ ^'^^^ respect to the latter, I will 
^tnioMi An original Treatise on De- briefly remark, that the man who 
44rMtivePHntif^,byMr.fFm,Savage, P^«n*» ^or sale, as Mr. Savage if do- 
printer ; a hook which clearly falls >ng. ^50 copies of a new, and, it ia 
Into that class, the sale of which must presumed, a good work, 4hough he 
aeocasarily be very limited. certainly does not in appearance in- 

Tbe remedy proposed by your l^^d to benefit the world in the same 

other Correspondent (LXXXV. ii. degree as another onm who would 

406.) for the supposed evil of print- prittt^lOOOi yet, should tbe latter ad« 

ing small impressions, &c. &c. equally venturer havcbeen ultimately compel* 

■ . . I I ^>*^ led 4o waste two^hirds of his imprei- 

# W« were certainly not aware of Mr. sion for want of cnstotiKBrs(a condition 
fellaniy's second Priae. £dit. or contingency by no means to be p^^ 



Order of the Thistle.—'' A Spiritual PerUr 


out of sight In thU are^ument), in 
that case, the final benefit to Litera- 
ture from the exertions of the two 
adventurers would be about equal ; 
and in any case, the publisher of the 
smaller impression is, and ought to 
be considered, a benefactor to Litera- 
ture to the amount of his impression, 
just as a man who gives a guinea to 
any public charity is as really a friend 
in kind, though not in degree, as he 
who gives 100. 

If Philo-Lib. is not yet fully con- 
verted, I recommend him to read the 
fable of the schism amoo^st the mem- 
bers ; by which he will understand 
that it by no means promotes the 
activity or strength of the body, for- 
the hands to say to the eyes, the feet, 
or any inferior members, '* We have 
no need of ye!" 

Allow me, Mr. Urban, in conclu- 
sion, to add, that I have not the ho- 
nour to possess the least personal 
knowledge of your Correspondent ; 
but the signature adopted by him 
could not fail to strike me as one 
which imported somethings audi ac- 
cidentally associated it in my own 
mind with certain persons who are 
often to be found m the haunts of 
Literature, where I have occasionally 
contemplated them, and think I have 

not inaccurately described their fea- 
tures. I cannot, therefore, hare Ih^ 
least objection to his knowing om^ 
or fear any distinguishing mark he 
may fix upon me« I rely uptm the 
discrimination and firmness of Mc» 
Urban, for all needful protectida fron 
attacks too personal *i and in thtl 
confidence subscribe myself, 

Yours, &c. T. FiSHBm. 

Mr. Urbav, F€^, 10. . 

IT should seem strange that Nitbet*f 
Heraldry, publishdl in 1742, Ed- 
mondson*s Heraldry, published in 
1780, and several other works re-, 
lating to the subject, do net contain 
or allude to the additional Statute of 
the Order of the Thistle, made and 
ordained by King George I. 17 Feb. 
17 14-15, by which it is declared* that 
the Thistle in the mkldle of the Star 
to be wore on the Coat or Clcndk, he 
Green, heightened with Gold, upoo a 
field of Gold, and that tbe Ciicle 
round the Thistle aad Field be Green, 
and the Motto in letters of Gold.— > 
If H. C. B. in yonr last Tolome, 
Part II. 1^. 496, had been apprized of 
this additional Statute, he would npi, 
I am sure, have referred to tbe for- 
mer one, now of none efiect. 

Yours, &c. Carouvs. 

Mr. Urban, January 94. 

I HAVE lately read with great pleasure a small Tract, printed iki 15S0, 
with the following Title : 

A Spiri- 
tual and most pre- 
ciouse perle, teachynge all men to loue & 
imbrace y« crosse as a most swete 
and necessarye tbinge unto the 
soule : what comfort is to be taken 
thereof: where and bowe bothe 
consolaciou and aide in al ma- 
ner of affiyccions is to bee 
sought : and agayne howe . ^ ' 

all men should behaue 
themselves tberin , 
' aceordyng to the 
Word of God. 

This Tract is popularly considered 
to have been the production of the 
Xord Protector Somerset; but is, I 
believe, a Translation from the Ger- 
man of Wormulerus, the Preface only 
haxins^ been written by -that potent, 
but ilT-fated Prince. — The work is 
now become extremely scarce ; and I 
beg leave to suggest, that a rc-priut 
would be highly acceptable to many 
lovers of our earl) Literature. It is 

indeed truly deserving of preajerva* 
ticm from the wreck of Timet Mi 
only on account of its intrinsip qi^r^t* 
breathing, as it does the pure spirit 
of Christianity, eciually removep tropi 
fanaticism and bigotry; but fjrpni iti 
connexion with &e Noble ]?/efiifcer» 
to whom it is said to have aflfbnfcd 
consolation in the reason of, hli dis- 
grace and imprisonmeuL 

Yours, &c. QDASTOft. 

** Our allusion (in LXXXV. ii. 520.) was to a Letter not printed. Vmr. 


1816.] tkceni Interment of the Poor of Mary-le-bone. 129 

Mr. URBAN, ir^ft.i2, 

THAT your pa^^es-are oflteD found 
to contain the raott salutai^ 
hints and useful snggestioui, will be 
readily acknowledge by all who, 
like royselft have been constant read- 
en of your Miscellany. But that 
they have aJso occasionally been 
the source of hasty conjectures and 
unfounded censure^ will, 1 presume, 
not be denied by you, Sir^ who can- 
not be considered responsible for the 
truth and accuracy of every state- 
ment that is sent to you« and who 
insert them in your Magazine, solely 
with the view that they should re- 
ceive confirmation from some other 
Correspondent, if the substance be 
true, or challenge contradiction, if it 
proTe to be false. 

I am far from insinuating that in 
any case your Magazine is made a 
channel u>r wilful misinformation. 
But really. Sir, I cannot help pictur- 
ing to my imagination many worthy 
dentlemeo, professing themselves 
jour occasional Correspondents, who, 
m their rides or walks in and about 
the Metropolis, contrive, with an in- 
genuity altogether their own, always 
to encounter some stumbling-block 
of ofience; and, upon their return 
home, having no other vent for their 
iDdignation, transmit to you their 
angry efi'usions for immediate inser- 
tion, perfectly indtffereot whether 
a few individuals, or a whole com- 
munity, he the objects of their hasty 

In this class, I cannot help includ- 
ing a Correspondent who, in jour 
last N umber, signs himself ** A Friend 
to the Poor ;" and whose object ap- 
pears to be to animadvert, with a de- 
gree of severity which would have 
been per feci ly just had it been well- 
founded, upon the conduct of the 
guardians and directors of the poor 
of this parish. He presents them to 
the indignation of your numerous 
readers, as causing, or permitting the 
bodies of the deceased poor, to be 
conveyed from their workhouse to 
the New Burial-ground of St. John's 
Chapel, in a manner the most slovenly 
and indecent. He more particularly 
censures the vehicle in which they 
are removed, coarsely comparing it 
with a bulcher's carl carrying car- 
cases to market^ The truth is, that 
the caravan, if your Correspondent 
Gbnt. Mag, February j 1816. 


will not call it a hearae, resembles 
the latter as nearly as possible. It is 
painted black*, and drawn by a horse 
of the same appropriate colour. 
When it is thus seen, slowly moving 
along, followed by the relatives, — if 
there be any, -^ of the deceased, and 
escorted hy men — themselves paupers 
of the workhouse, whose business it 
is to bear the bodies from the cara- 
van to the graves ; I cannot conceive 
that any one can possibly mistake the 
nature and use of such a conveyance, 
though it may want many of the de- 
corations which usually accompany 
a funeral procession. When it u 
within si^ht, the bell is immediately 
tolled; the corpse, if not decidedly 
offensive, is borne into the middle 
aile of the Chapel, and placed on 
trussels, and there, as well as at the 
grave, the usual service of the Church 
is read, precisely as it is over any 
other of the numerous desCd, who, 
almost daily, find their last asylum in 
that extensive ground. 

That some distinction must alway« 
take place, in this world at least, be- 
tween the rich and the poor, no one 
requires to be told$ and no where 
is that distinction more strikingly 
observable, than at the interment of 
the dead. But for this seemingly- 
partial distribution, who shall he re- 
sponsible? Can it be expected, that 
the guardian!* and directors of an esta- 
bli<<iiment, containing within its walls 
1000 or 1200 poor, can be at the same 
expenqe for each burial, which an in- 
dividual, even in the most moderate 
circumstances, is made to incur at 
the funeral of a relative i What can 
they pretend to, more than the decent 
interment of their dead ? And this 
terin, in opposition to your Corre- 
spoficlcnt) ] do not hesitate to apply 
to the manner in which the poor of 
this parish are taken to the New 
Ground. I need only request your 
Correspondent to make his inquiries 
as to the custom ^vhich prevails in 
otherpopulous :nid extensive parishes; 
and I think he \vill tind that no where 
are the poor more decently interred 
than the poor of St. Mary-le-bone. 

With the remainder of your Cor- 
respondent's declamatory epistle, in 
which be inveighs so loftily against 
high steeples and splendid porlicoej}, 
I have, Sir, nothing to do. 1 mereVy 
observe, that this is the first tirmie I 
ever heard the magnificence of 


130 Mary-le-bone new Church.— Death by Spring Guns. [Feb; 

Churches censured, except Iry those put up near the grounds, and it did aoC 

vho profess to be unfriendly to all appear that there was any foot-path 

regular establish ments. Even the near the place where the accident hmp-' 

simplicity of the 'first ages of Chris- pened. Jt appeared possible^ buweTer, 

tianity did not extend to religious ^^^^ » person missing his way 4n the 

edifices ; and Nations have since vi*»d °P^" country surrounding the pliiec ia 

vrilh each other, in the grandeur and ^^^^^'on, lu.ght have Vf nd«ed to ^ 

I,. V V V , .^''^ft. . „ „ spot where the gun was placed ; bur, toe 

beauty of these pious ofter.ngs ; a „*ight being moon-Hght, it wa» not like- 

custom too, by no means confined to jy ^^at this was the case with the de- 

Cathcdrals lu Cities, as our many ceased. One of the oompdnions Of the 

superb Parochial Churches, in Lon- deceased swore, that their intent was to 

don and elsewhere, abundanlly prove, steal turnips : the othet person wh9 wa# 

The want of a Church in this place with the deceased has absconded, 
has been long deeply and universally « The Jury felt satisfied th«t^ as the 

felt. When, thereiore, the Vestry, in deceased was in pursuit of an iWtpi, 

compliance with a desire so loudly act, they were not called ufion to make 

and generally expressed, determined any farther presentment; but, mocbdif. 

upon the erection of a new and much fcrence of opinion having prevailed 

lar-er slruclure, they were surely anj^ngsC the County Magistrates, and 

not only justified, but much to be «,^**"«» ^ ^Vl** legality of placing in- 

commcndcd, in rendering it every «truments of death for the protectioa 

r I 1 1 of same, or other property, m umn^ 

way, as far as human means could ^^^^^^ .^^^^ . F r= ^» " *"^"' 

Uiake it, suited to the Deity, to « your opinion is therefore requested; 

whose worship it IS to be consecrated, whether it were lawful to place tbis 

and consistent with the size, the opu- ipring.gun, and the verdict of tb« Jury 

Jence, and the rcspccl ability, of the properly found, under the circumstances; 

Parish. A FniEXO 70 Truth. and whether a fresh Inquisition ought 

^ not now to be taken; and in that case, 

TUT ,T T>.-. Oft what verdict ought the Jurv to eiv«i 

rnV.r.'l^n'ij .1, I r a»d by what rules would the Law dis- 

LTHOUGH the annexed Case ^.^^^J^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ and man- 

and Legal Opinion thereon, slaughter, or any less offence, with re. 

have already appeared in some of ference to a death occasioned by th« 

the public Newspapers, I hope they means described in this case, mid 

will not bfe refused adinittaucc into against whom, if either of such verdiotn 

the Gentleman's Magazine, as they could be given, if it could ue prov^ 

arc relative to a subject of great con- that the master ordered his servant to 

sequence. set the spring-gun, where he the' scr- 

" Case ^*"* might think proper, without sp^ . 

" During the absence of the Coroner ^'^'y'^'f. f V.^' Particular place. Or sbouH 

for the LH)erty of Bury St. Eumuucrs, * ^*^^*^'^^ *'^ ^S*'»«' both r 
an Incjuisition was required to be taken " OpfNiON. 

in his lifstrio.t, upon the body of a person "I am of opinion, that it was not 

who had been shot by treading on a lawful to place this spring-gun. The 

springc-giiu : A4id a professional Gentle- verdict of the Jury is not, in myjudg-* 

wan. attended for him. ment, correct. The Inquisition Is eer* 

** The Jury returned a verdict, that tainly ^irregular : having been taken 

the deceased uas accidentally shot by a before a person who bad no legal aotbo- 

8prii»iC-g""» placed upon grounds upon rity to act. If the gentleman who took 

which he had trespassed ; and the cic- it acted under the authority, either tta« 

ciunstanies disclosed by evidence were, press or implied, of the Coroner, I think 

that the deceased, with two other men, that the Coroner cannot take another 

had bben out on the 1st of October, Inquisition unless required by a Rjslf of 

]>5l5, betuct^n t\v<;lve and one o'clock at the Couit of Kin^*fi Bench, bccauso ht 

ui^ht, upon p^ronnds belonging to a Mr. must be C(>nsidered as having taken the ■ 

JMis^, upon the bank of which grounds Inquisition, though in an irregular man* 

the gun had been placed; that the de- ner. And I presume it was tak^n in 

ceased having stepped upon the wires of bis name, and would therefore, upon the 

the gun, had received its contents, face of it, appear to he I'egularf . I think 

which occasioned his insitant death; that that the verdict of the Jury shob)^ hfiirm 

tbti gun h:ul been placed upon the bank been murder, both against the'^emkst 

A)i a warren, as a protection against who placed the gun, and the mAlMcr 

rabbit-ae^crs. That notices had been who ordered him to piaca it« '-^ 



ISlf.] Spring GimandMen Traps.'-'^^S^art^hmd WrUing. 13 1 

** If the waiter and tervAQt had Jbeen or form on^ more preferable ^hao 

jBtandinip on the spot, and had found asy at preient •ioTMted* • Wfce^ thit 

theia papioDt.trM|i«Mki9, it uroudd bava detirahle k>bjeet thmll •!»« «ttahieii, I t^eoktohave shot one rMommiend th«t tjie e^h^bct-txiA 

of them., i thinks it no hM so, that oiiMtfihtiraeteft/ifihe^tpkkM^tht 

thex rha^ ildaced this deadly weapon j, ^^^ thooglil -taffieitsot, ahoilld be 

whaar it vaa likely to kill a trespasser, 
and m%ht hate killed a person who 
uniatentiooalfy trespassed. 

J. GiniNEY. ' 
** enjem^i Am, Oei, IS, 1815. 


cotionulrblev and placed iti'^rit^iiy^^ff 
as a standard for thort-hanvd. The' 
marble inigrht be headed thoi : Cftv 
SareiiT-ttAif D, or with wordt to that 

•i*!^ r -ft^^» ...^ A.^» • effect. I do not wieh to fee manr 

Mr««to.«tf *f. l ^^^J^tti^Mli »hort-hand) for Conrt, Pr for Pri- 

u^*n*TTTjf^^»s' kl^it •»»". »»^ » forth. • The Arabic 

T^i'^'X^it'S^^^^^^^^ .•!' 

&,^ 5kr;'«rkp^ r„*l' ™JIJ^ Oae thins more I will •oggeit, and 

fe ^r ru.n^V. o^^^^^ then condSdei which ii, that the 

pteo. Mr. Gufne^s Opimoii, above ^ ^^^ ^ ^ j^ ^"^^^ ^ ^^ 

topled. If m wme degree satisfactory ^ ^ ^ phoU be p^eirved, m 

jM to those horrid engines of qestruc- .. ^^p ^^.JL^^^IL^ " ^i^^^* »«•» •• 

tidn* aa'well jat spring-guns. 

P. S. There is -wanting, in the _^^..— 

above account the name or namet of e„^^„^ «/ „ „,^ v^«*-^j-#— a.- 

records of conseqa^nce. 


jibe p9i:ty who reojuesjled the Opinion 


Mr. ITrba9, 

Jan* 26. 
offer to the Cor- 

1 BEG. leave to 
poration of London, and other 
Pnblic Bodies, some hints concern- 
ing taking notes in short-hand, at 
trials and on other occasions. 

I believe it is very seldom that the 
whole trials are, if ta^en in short- 
h^d, ever written out from the notes; 
and there is reason to iinagioe that 
the original notes are not preserved, 
hot are destroyed, which appears to 
me to be a circumstance which is to 
be lamented. The practice of writin? 
sfaoK-band is at prepent confined, 
eomparatively speaking, to very few 
]^eriOBSi and these persons probably 
write very different kinds of short- 
bAd, so that the notes of one of 

Hhem may be perfectly unintelligible 
to the others. 1 wish to see one 

'lijnd of this sort of writing established 
fot the Citv of London, which should 
\6.wo fixed^ that all the trials at the 
Old 9aiJey and elsewhere should be 
wtitleo in -it. I therefore suggest 
thflt'thoae beet qualified for the pur- 

-fKMe ahould'edopt what may appear 
fkt b«l sort pf this species of writingy 

Meteorological Science i f^jf Tnpf. 
. le OMT Ki^^ F.L.S. BUL Soe., A ot. 
Set. PhiU t^c. 

THB habit of the English writers 
of borrowingfrom other toagaes 
the greatest part of their technics^ 
words, especially those which are 
D.<ed for the Sciences, is one of the 
cai^ses why Natural I^istory is not 
so much known to the generality of 
the people h^e, as it seems to be 
in many of the Northern Countries. 
This fact was brought into vie^jr to 
me, when 1 asked several Artists, whia 
were about to travel over Wales and 
other mountainous lands, td watch 
for and to sketch the changes of the 
different forms of the clouds which 
took place in such places, in order to 
compare them with those which are 
common in flat countries. They told 
me that they could heyer r'ememberth'e 
technical terms, which were made up 
of Latin or Greek words, which they 
did not understand ^ and wished that 
names could be given to Meteorolo- 
gical P|ia?nomena, which are formed 
out of our Q.wfi tongue. Sti^k by 
this remark, 1 made the following 
Name-list, which 1 shall go on with 
hereafter ' for ' other appearances* 
Meaowhiley those who will do me 


132 Meteorological Nomenchiure. — Sweetapple /Irmt/^. [Feb. 

them, I reler to my ** Heaearcbei 
about Atmospheric Phsnomeiin ;** in 
which I have given Plates explana- 
tory of tlie c|oiids, in many ot their 
various form*. Any information ^'oa 
iteteorologicat subjects with which 
my friends will honour me, will be 
thankfully received, a."* I ara cotlecU 
ing materials for future publicatioo. 

T. rpRSTCH. 

the favour to make remarks, or to 
take sketches of the clouds, &c. can 
make use of the following terms : 

CuRL-CLOUB. The old name in Latin 
b}' Mr. Howard, is Cirrus, a curl ; Cirru- 
lus and curl being the diminutive. 

Stacken- cloud, or Cumulus, from the 
verb to sitick, to heap up. 

Talx-cloud, or Stratus ; being the 
falling, or subsidt^nce of watery parti- 
elt-b in the rveuing. 

SoNUKR CLOUD, or Cirrocumulus, is 
a sundered elouc), made up of separated 
orbs. The characteristick of this cloud 
beinc: the gathering together into a bed, 
uf little clouds, yet so far asunder as not 
to touch. 

Wane-cloud, or Cirrostralus ; from 
the waning or subsiding state of this 
cloud in all its forms. 

Twain • cloud, or Cumulostratus ; 
made ottcn by the twining or uniting of 
two clouds tof^ether. 

Rain-cloud, or Nimbus, speaks for 
itself, bo we can have Storm 'Cloudy 
Thunder ' cloudy &c. 

Moon RING, or Halo; a ring includ- 
ing an area around the Moon. 

8l'N king, the same about the Sun, 
Solar Halo. 

MooN-RURR, a fleeey or confused burr 
about the Moon. The old nanw is Coro- 
na. So we have SunbuiT, Double Moon- 
ring^ Threefold AJoon-nngy coloured Sun- 
rings &c. 

Mock- SUN, or Parhelion, 

MocKMOON, or Paraselene, 

Moon- CROWN: this may answer to the 
Halo J)isi'oides of my Nomenclature. 

Rainbow, retains its old name in- 
stead of Iris. 

Rain-ray, the R.ibdi divergenses of 
my Nnnie-iist. 

Mr. Urban, Fch. 12. 

IN ^our last volume, p. 216, is aa 
inquiry reipecling the Famiij 
of Sweetapple s and, being willing 
to throw what little light is in my 
power on the subject, as 1 feel inter* 
esled in the gencalogv of this family, 
1 transcribe the following extraci 
from the Biographiu Britauuica: 

" He" (that is, Lewis Atterbury) 
<* married the daughter of Mr. John Be- 
dingheld : of this marriage came three 
sons and a daughter. The first and 
second died in their infancy. The third 
son, named Bedingfield Atterbury, was 
lK)rn the 8th of Jan. 1693, and after a 
school education at Westminster, was 
sent to Christ Church, in Oxford,, and 
matriculated the 9th of April 1713 ;i^e 
commenced M. A. the SOth of Jjia« 1718« 
and took l>eacon'B orders. He waa a 
sober, modest, and ingenious young 
Gentleman, but died of the soaU pca^ 
Dec. 27, 1718. Dr. Atterbury's daugh- 
ter, named after her mother Penelope, 
was born J 699, June 15, married Mr. 
George Sweetapple, of St. Andrew's, Hol- 
born, brewer; and died in August 17S6, 
leaving one daughter, who liv«d to in- 
herit her grandfather's fortune, but died 
about seven months after him, the 3d of 

Cone-ray, the Rabdus pyramidalis of jy^^, 1732, in the eleventh year of her 

the same. age. Mrs. Atterbury, the mother, died 

Shoot-flame, or shooting, or falling May 1, 1723.** 

star, instead of nirfttor. Thus we can , j- a om. tlo m. 

bav^ VVhite-taih d, Shoot.fiamc, &c. in- , ^S?«r^**^S,V^ Stowe. John Sw«eUp. 

stead of Caudate Meteor. P^^-N Goldsmith, was Sheriff of LpodoQ 

Wisp-FLAMR. or Ignis fatuus. »n 1 69o ; and, Oldinixqo say% wm 

Pole STiiEAMER, or Northern-light, then knighted. 1 also find hii Bame 

The Aurora bung Austialis, as well as amongst the list of Benefactors i« the 

Borealis. Church of St. £dround, io Loob^rd- 

Kloo.m EN-FLAME, the electnc flame street. 1 may further add, thai one 

seen about flowers, particularly the of that name' married a Ruberl SU<- 
eveniiifif primrose, described in my Res. 
Aim. Pha;rr &c. 

As I inlcud to publish a more com- 
plete No!i enclaiure for Meteorologi- 
cal Si'itince in the course of a short 
time,-. I have merely inude Ihis speci- 
incii, intended to be inserted in some 
of the Periodical Journal. 

cy, of London, and had cbiUreni 
but canuot trace when she was bam 
or mairied; she had,however,adaiicb- 
ter, born in 1654. I have h<ara a 
traditionary account that she was aaar- 
Jy related to John Sweelanple ; bul 
whether a sister or not lciiaoot|^rove, 
although there appears luithipg cob* 
For cxplana^icmof thePhasnoroena trary to chroavi^^gy iu the suiipotH 

for those who are yuac(|uaiuted with tioa 

.?. P. 


r i-ran 


WvLviLVikA'i Grant to the MonoMterp qf Hamtos* 

(ConeliOUfd from p. ftl.) 

ND bow, on the affirmative side, to ihew* whnt whm the ptac^ gfyent 

. OB .compArmg her eoamerated places with the Dom^ay-laudi of he^ 

Chorch, and thofe alio of Santoa Clertcai fubjoloed to ^thenii (to .wbicli 
should, cprreetl J, have heeo added, io the list of heads, a 'V^ !Preib|teror» de 
Toteohale, ao^ a T"" Clericur«» de Paocdz), all, under one title, ** ¥1^ T^rrt 
Clericoi;* <le Handone,*' the respective lifts roajr be set against each other at 
below. Notei of the first of the Domesday articles, namely 1 hide^ seeming- 
ly in Haotone itsdf, Sanson appears the superior lord, froivwhom the Cle- 
ltd immediatelj held its and he afterwards obtained f^om thi» Cro^n 'ail ib« 
i«st of the Handooe Chiirch estates*and, being Bishop of Worcester, gave II 10 
the Priory there. 


Alia £mle|i:e» 



Totenbale stands hert, amoi^ the 
#ther places nnder this title Vlf. But 
H is immediately added, « H' t^ra nf 
ptin' ad Hantone, sed e* elemosina ftfit 
ad ecel'am e)d' villa. Ik aad' elem^tiia 
Vot pb'ri de Totenbale I hd* in .Bibo* 
broch." . 

Bibetnatmi {Witten- Wodnetfelde. 

Wodnesfekt* { hale. Winenhale. 

Weoleshalew N.B. ••••N.B. Peleshale, 



Hafeotbomdon, > 


Other Hyltun. 




Chenwardestone, ** Has ii f ras -tenwi S' Maria de Hantone 

T. R. E." Hence it may be inferred that 
the << Ipsi'* heading this item, and also 
the two next of Haltone and Ferdestan, 
in Mr. Shaw*8 print, should l>e ^' Ipse*** 


* Ofte Boundary deseription. 

Pancriz and Geneshale.are Added (like 
Totenbale and Bilrebrocb above), but 
with these express words, <* ten* ix oleri* 
ci de Rege. 

Pebhall, a straggling, though ex- 
tensive village, so far from striking 
instahtly like Walshall,might not even 
%« known to Dugdales and << Peles- 
bale*** we see, filling up to a near ez- 
abCtncM that place in the Hamton 
lands of Domesday, which in Wul- 
frmoa^s grant is occupied by *' Weo^ 
leehale ;" being to this day a Chapel- 
r'j within Wolverhampton uarish; 
and the Dean of that Collegiate 
Cbnrcb (Shaw II. 61,) Lord of Pels- 
kaJI Manor; the preponderating in- 
clinatiofi of my judgment is for the 
filMOfitlbn that this was the name, 
aittier wrttten or intended, in the 
'Myograph instrument copied in the 
Monasticoii. I have not as yet, though 

my local knowledge thereabootf is 
not sroall, met with either Peles* 
** ford" on the one hand, or Weles- 
or Wals- ** ford" on the other, as a 
name for any passage over the small 
streams of that vicinity. 

Whatever weight may be assigned 
to the above opinions and conjec- 
tures, there are still reasons foi: wish^ 
ing a more exact fearch into the 
Windsor autograph* The grant ettu<» 
merates twelve places : but the imme- 
diately succeeding boundaries (which 
. make some alteration of the .order) 
do not even name, in the print,' two 
of them, Willenhaie and the first 
Hiltun.. Tb'ul, after itjie .abo\e*sean 
causes of suspicion, '|i enouglb to 


134 Letter to the Re^editor qf^^ Monasticon Anglicanum.** [Feb, 

throw some doubt. Another circum- 
stance is, the Translator's rendering 
several exprefisions, ip^hich are really 
proper-names, into common Latin 
appellatives, without initial capitals, 
which thus fail to catch a reader's 
eye, and are nearly lost as bound- 
marks : e. g. the last word of the Kin- 
waldestune description, instead of 
being simply copied in Roman cha- 
racters, " Kaifre- Heie," «« Calf- 
Heath," a large waste, well known to 
all South StatTordsbire men, stands 
thus, *' vitulorum septum." 

I add to the above remarks, that 
my turning of pages in this quest has 
occasioned me to find a second quar- 
rel against the present Monaslicon 
for another wrong introduction of 
this identical WaTshalt. The case 
here, however, is not of amis-reading, 
but of a mis- conjecture only. In 
vol. I. p. 26S, ** Walesho,'* explain- 
ed '* Walshall in com. Staff, for* 
tassct'* 1 can have do doubt is Wales, 
a Yorkshire township, but to be seen 
in the limb of the modern map of 
Derbyshire, where it makes one in 
a circle of the ten or eleven places 
named together* and which arc be- 
queathed to Morcare; of which places 
the second and seventh appear to be 
Backinlhorpe«uid Mossbrongh, close 
to *' Beyghton and Ekinton." '* Mor- 
ligtuue^" the lust of Ihcm, I fijid not 
in the Index Villaris or elsewhere ; 
^VMorlun," in this quarter of Derby- 
shire, being afterwards bequeathed 
in its proper spelling : it may, how- 
ever, be obfiervedy that the hundred 
of Morleston (once probably an ex- 
isting village, and possibly indeed 
Morleston, or Morligtune, was the 
same with Morley, a head- name 
'^ MorJeia" appearing, once at least, 
like a hundred-title in the Domesday) 
cum Litchurch approaches, at its 
^'orthern extremity, several of the 
townships in this will of Wulfric's, 
and contain*; others of them within its 
bounds. It is not unlikely *' pylle)*- 
lea^e/' one of the appurtenants to 
*^ Morlun," has been mis-read, and 
means I'ilsley i though it mai/ also 
■be Wiliersley, near Matlock. 

Q. Whether ^' Langanford" (so 
written in Lord Uxbridge*s parch- 
ment, though printed Laganford) 
nnd>^ Styrcloagc,** named next after 
fome towns in the West of Staffbrd- 
fhire, be ootLonp^fond and Stirchley 
in the adjoininf Sbroptbire $ or, pos- 

sibly, Longford and Sbirlevt near to* 
gether in Derbyshire. •• Halen, Re- 
meslenge, Sciplea," I take to be Shif- 
Icy, near together in Derbyshire i 
(tifiough this Shirley guess does not 
at all satisfy myself, if ** Styrclcage** 
be the true reading,) •• Haleu, ne- 
niesleage, Sciplea," 1 take to l>e Hales- 
Owen (the Halam of Domesday, writ- 
ten ** Hala'," and ptit in •• Wireces- 
tresc*,")Uorasley in llales-Owen parish 
(in that division of it which at this 
day makes a part of Shropshire), and 
Shepiey in the adjoining Worcester* 
shire parish of Bromsgrove. There 
are Sherilf-Hales, part in Stafford, 
and part in Shropshire, Ramsley, 
and Shipley, both in the latter conntv; 
but these two last-named are not m 
the Shropshire Domesday, nor do 
they lie very near to each other. I 
had supposed Wnlfric*s three places 
in question to be |Iallam, and Ship? 
Icy, nearly adjacent in Derbyshire, 
and Ramsley (or Romeley, not nam- 
ed in Domesday), which, though coor. 
siderably Northward from them, m 
in the vicinity of Morcare'f circle of 
townships, till my frieoil Mr. Hampr 
er, nt Birminghani, made vap notice 
in Domesday the successive placei 
** Rameslege, Rigge, Scrplei,** all ia 
the '^ Terra Hogerii Comitis," (Rigg«; 
I fake it clearly, being Ridge-acre in 
Hales- Owen, and all the three set 
down in ^* Warwicscire," to which in- 
deed both Romsley, Rid^e-acre, aoi) 
Sheplev are ne^r, the two' first i>f tbe'iQ 
much- nearer than they' are to (h6 
body of the County of Sahtp, in which 
they.arenow included «) and then find* 
ing that Hales-Owen also was one of 
£arl Roger's possessions, the circum* 
stance of all being in the same handf 
so soon after Wulfric's time decide^ 
my judgment that his ** Halen, lie* 
meslea^e, Sciplea," were the towns ia 
this quarter, and not those in D'erjiyr 
shire. " Westune and Bdrhtun,** 
from their neighbours Shnrnford and 
Wigston, I conclude to be Westoo ia 
A men, and Burton Hastings, War- 
wickshire : to suppose Burhtun the 
same with Byrtonc, with which thi's 
bequest in terms sets out as the sea\ 
of the Monastery, is to suppose gre^fc 

1 conclude by mentipnuig, that I 
am quite unapnrized hpw far' jou 
have proceeded id publication; if, 
therefore, I am too late; accept, Sv, 
the will for the deed. S. P. W: 

1*1 S.] (aketHdterWiehAingmffydraiiUeJnkAeetHre.^ ' 199 

Mr. Urbah, * Jun\ 19. 

THB comniankatKHi betweeo Eng^ 
Und and ihetCootioent having 
till lately been for a long tertes of* 
▼emn inlerrapted,. it h^ bap|»eDed 
thai mjuiy eminoDt and highl^-eaUem- 
cdworbi.jbf Science and Literature, 
publiabed,ia Germany, have been hi* 
therto QBieen, and unknown even by 
nanie, in thit country. 

Of these there it one of |ieculiar 
intefett to England, which welide- 
•erves to be in eYcr? public library* 
and in the hands of every Civil and 
liilitary Engineer in the coontry { vt'a. 

** Hj^draulic Architecture, .theoretical- 
lad practical, by C F. Chevalier de 
Wiebehsng, Privy Counsellor to H. M. 
tiie King of Bavaria, and General Direc- 
tor, of the Department of Bridges and • 
Roads in Bavaria. A new Edition, 
corrected and eoUrged^ Three vols, in 
4to. with 141^ Plates, in large folio.". 

The celebrated Author, esteemed 
th^ beft practical kogineer through* 
oqt Germany, takes a view of fche^ 
whole of Hydraulic Architecture on 
d([ir the. following divisions t 

1* Art of conducting Rivers. 9. Art 
of .liecuring ^arcoasts. 3. Construc- 
tipo and preseryatioo of Sea-dykes. 
4. Construction of Harbours ; con- 
taining a roo8t complete description 
of kll the great Haroours of Europe. 
$• Art of Drainiag. 6. Machines 
used for the cuostruction of works 
of i^ngiueering. t. Conslructioa of 
Locks and Wears. 8. Cauais and Art 
of improving inland Navigation. 
•. Artificial inuodalioos for the de- 
fence of Fortresses. 10. Construc- 
tion of Bridges, containing a detailed 
description of Bridges with arches 
of wood, invented by the Author. 
11. Construction of artificial Eoads 
and Highways. 

This perfect and only work of its 
kind treats on all these subjects in 
the fullest and clearest manner, and 
shews the Author to be a man of con- 
siderable attainments in Science as 
well as great practical experience; and 
his arguments and statements aro 
supported and explained by well- 
chosen .examples, taken from the 
great works executed by himself or 
other eminent Engineers on the Con- 

la this Work will be found likewise 
a very totnplete account of the Em- 
battkti)etlt;an'd ^ea-dykes in Holland, 
wm'Ul^^^M proposals for theic 

improirenllent, as well at defcrtpHbaa 
of almost all the great works of Sa^ 

{pioeeriilff in Germany, France, Hoi* 
and, and Italy« conqtries yrhieb thtf 
Author has visited several times, lor 
the purpose of riving to the pnblidk 
the most coinpiete accooat^ of tho 
present state o^the art of Bngiiieeritog 
as practised o* the Conlioent. Tho 
vast number of plates, gnriag ^aaa / 
and elevations of almost all these 
great works, makes tlui whole usa* 
ral and intelligible evea to those who* 
are not acquainted with the Genmui 
. language. / 

But the most interesting and aovel 
part of this Work is, the satisnctorf 
and minute description therein givett 
of fridges, constructed with arches 
of timber of a very coaiiderabte spaa^ 
opon a principle inveated by the Che^ 
valier .de Wiebekhir. Among tbo 
plans of many Brrages, thns cooE!* 
structed with the most complete soe^ 
cess, is that of Bamberg, having aa 
arch of wood of 930 feet spah« Thero 
is also given a plan of a bridge of tf 
still greater spaa than this, viz, aearljr 
300 ieet, proposed to be erected over 
the rapid river of Isar at Munich* 
Ey this invention, the Chevalier has 
constructed in Bavaria many, bridgea 
of arches of wood, which are only 
rivaled by those of cast-iron erectea 
in England. 

The account of this roeritorioos 
and important invention is published 
in French, in a separate volume, en- 
titled: • 

'* Traits contenant une partie essentt- 
elle de la Science de construire les PontSt 
avec une description de la t^uveWe mer 
thodeeconomiquede construire les Fonts 
k arches de cbarpente, par C. F. de 
Wiebeking, etc. avec 17 planches. Mu- 
nich IB 10, 4to. les planches gr. folio.'* 


Architectubal Innovatiov* 

No. CCVllL 

Progress of Architecture in England- 
in the Reign of Anns. 

(Continued from p. 39*) 

"nLENHEIM-HQUSE in eontinw- 
■^^ ation. Plate V. Front towards 
the Gardens. Bears the, five divisions, 
the breaks of which do not advaaco 
much from the general line. In tho 
c^itre the salon, a flight of steps- 
like the main front conductf to a por* 
tlco also, having Corlaihiaii'ColaiBas 

l%e Architecture ofElenhelm House — Index Indicatoritis. [Feb. 

and pilasters ; double height of doors 
and windows : not any pediment, but 
over the entablature a p^rand pedes- 
tal sustaining an equestrian statue of 
the victorious Marlborough, tram- 
pling on some prostrate foes : a lion 
and eagle act as su pporters. Beh ind th is 
subject, a vast accumulation, (to mask 
edged with scrolls, and terminating 
in a large ornamented ball. The 
second divisions, left and right, are 
run out iiimilar to main front, with 
Corinthian columns and pilasters; 
circular-headed vrindows in two sto- 
ries entablature, and in lieu of a ba- 
lustrade, a continued pedestal, with 
breaks, on which trophies and balls. 
There being no repetition of the 
sweeping augmentation, lines of win- 
dows in two stories succeed. First 
story, heads of the windows, semi- 
circular; second ditto, square-head- 
ed; entablature and balustrade, in 
ctntre of this latter particular, 
scrolls with angels holding a vase. 
The third divisions, left and right, 
are in repetition from those in main 
front. Windows in ground story 
diversified, some being circular with 
masks, others square, with rustics, 
&c. Although the ground lines of 
this front vary from those of the 
main ditto, still the principal di-- 
posure of the upright is carried on 
with the same noble and superb idea, 
combining much novelty in certain 
decorations, so well contrived to keep 
architectural interest alive, and raised 
on that changeful tide of new design, 
ever marking the hand of genius, 
here so fortunately displayed. 

Plate V'l. East front, or one of the 
flank elevations of the main building. 
Five divisions are agaia conspicuous; 
in the centre a circular projection, 
ri.'tin^' from basement to second fttory, 
sided with one tier of windows, Doric 
pilasters between them; entablature, 
on which statues, tropiiies,&c. Second 
division, left and right, two stories of 
windows; first story, circular-headed; 
second ditto, square: general balus- 
trade over thene divisions. As a 
grand centrical finish, another accu- 
niulalinn of grounds, pilasters, per- 
forated arches masking the chimneys. 
Third divisitms, left and right, are 
fltili in repetition of those in the other 
fronts. Windows in ground story 
are mostly square, with segmented 
heads and key-stones, the others en- 

tirely circolar. In this front no other 
departure is visible from the prime. 
assemblage of splendour, than a ne» 
cessary diminution ia'poiot of deco* 
ration, which such an inferior por- 
tion of the house necessarily demandik 

Taking the entire mass of bttildingt» 
there is an air of grandeur, unity of 
parts, just proportions, and a beanti* 
ful admixture of enrich roentt not to- 
be surpassed. It may be allowed n 
luxuriance of thought predominates* 
but not any thing wild or extraTa* 
gant. It is indeed Sir John seated in 
professional state, full of compoauref 
dignity, and innate worth, the true 
criterion of a great Master; a master,; 
who, in this, his Blenheim, has pro- 
d uced one of the finest specimens of 
the art since the sixteenth century. 

It is our purpose this Sprin|p, as 
already observed, to survey the. whole 
pile, note down what essentialdifier* 
ence prevails between the plates and 
the real works themselves, and pre- 
sent to view the fiaishiogs of thein* 
terior in technical detail, to those in- 
terested in such pursuits, for tbeir 
admiration and applause. 

Air AacBiT^cT* 

Index Indicatorius. 

Philo Marsiiius says, "As I consider 
the rising generation of Students in Di- 
vinity deeply interested in the continua- 
tion of Dr. H. Marsh's Lectures in DIvi* 
nity being published, I should be glad to 
be informed, whether the Doctor when 
be delivered bis last Course assigned any 
reason, or whether it is conjectured, wbj 
be has not followed up the publication- 
of the three first Parts, by the succeed- 
ing ones when delivered, as such seemed 
to be his intention at the first. 

A. B. would be glad to be infornied If 
any Paraphrase on the Old Testament 
has ever been published in the manner 
of Locke on the New Testament. He 
has got an edition of Patrick's Com- 
mentary, but that contains only notes ; 
and every edition lately published con- 
tains only notes. If no Paraphrase baa 
ever been published, he recummeDda 
some learned writer to undertake a Pa- 
raphrase on the Old Testament. 

P. 14, a. For 1717, read 1617: an4 
for Bowles, read BoUes, or Bollys^ mm 
probably it was antiently written, jrfh- 
tony Monday, the Continuator of Stow» 
and I suppose the City Poet Laureate 
and Panegyrist of all the Mayors, is, aa 
Mr. Urban well knows, a name familiar 
to the readers of the old History of 
London, E. 



i. ^:m. 

* ihtiifu- 

con pre- 

The Brit 
M 1868. . 

by tb«r«- 
Htiou, tbe 
to npriot 

(qtutn, u hi giiwdd. It At folVnflnir - 

i . ' '■ 

UCOBO<IOHItmiir4-W' - ■ 


I'lBi'tuviENni* I 

ilttriB En 
tqniriea «( 
le of gcDs- 
ptied fram 

•«Md«l-)in4eE^riiiHMt every bead i m 
■1m nmch oriyiDal htfrnMtini s)veu.-~ 
T« % Mwiwtad ia erron wbich una- 
*DidaU7 niiy have been cQiniiiitted; or 
to be iBfomied of fresh incident by the 
karuedoracientiHi:, «HI be thankfully 

Ador UiM modeit Introduction, ne 
leejl wilj Mj, thai (he Reader will 
heM fiad a good Topographical ac- 
CMUIt of the Cil;, ■ecompaitied b; a 
neat Norlb-'EMt View, and a correct 
GroDDd - {ilan i wiih Vieiri of the 
Gaildhftll, Marhet-place, and Ihe Ca-. 
thedral (vith a separate Plan of il). 
Tariou) Tradei and Maoufaclurei, 
tfae mmieroui Schools and Hoipitali, 
th« bepuliful Cathedral, the several 
Pu'uh ChDrcbei, and other placei of 
public norshipi the Canal, the public 
walki, and «ucial amuMinentj, are all 
apjiropriatelji deicribedt and aoeo- 
Wtea related of BraiDent Penoni, 
Bili*ei of, or long rciiileiit ia or near 
Wo renter, 

Tfae Compiler hai judiciouilf aiail- 
d himielf oflhe more ample puhlica. 
turn* of Dr.ThoniM, Dr. Naih, aud 
Mr. Taltatine Greent and haituper- 
aUcd (nuch Jiew and valuable infurin. 
ItiOB. We b*vn much iRlialaclioo ia 
trancribingA few Uibulei to departed 

"Nmt th«;Eut«nd of tbe South aile 
rf tbe nave, on a wblte oval tablet, 
' 6sKi. Mac fetniary, IS16. 

■• Uodfr tbe great Eiit window, in 
tbe Lady Chapel, oa t1>e 14anh «ide, i% 
an eleguit plain muiiameDt, to Ih? ma-' ' 
moiy of tbe veot/able Dr. Uur^ tbe lUt 
dectaied Bitba'p of tbia St^ ; c'flilBUfllU*' 
uf a n^atly-deaifned pedestal, and a iS' 
cophs^B ibrmounteit witb a Mltr^ Klii' 
croaier, in alto-nlievn, all of white tnU" 

thic arch ; the Wbole resting on a falaiA 
marble plinth, Burroundeil with a bordei 

of the Miqe, and incloied with inm rait 
ing. On the tront a! the Barcbpbaf ui tt 
this inscription : 

•IICHARD) HUBD, g, T. r. 
BFISCOPl viooRKiBNBia rea ANN9S ■ 




On the table of tbe pedintal, in baiM* 
relievn, a cross, with the a; t^ 
ana Isbelj— ^a elary above, and the notto 

faith in tht Cran if CkriH tee titt Ir 

" Perhaps a hrtter flulofp' on the' vir- 
tues of this most excellent Prelate could' 

t>y h 

a Ser- 

mon preached in tbe Cathedral on Sail- 
day the 13th of June, when the choir 
yias completely hong with luperfinc 
black i^kitli and ettutcbeone. Frum St,' 
Psoft ft»sl Eiiiitlc to the Coriiitfaiant, 
chap.iili. 13: 'Fornowweseetbrotib 
a glass, darkly I but then face to face : 
now I know in part ; but then ihali I 
know even ai- alio i am known ;' tbr " 
Very Rev. Preacher feelingly expatiated 
on- the ubiertainiy of tMs life | and 
tben, adverting to tba uouniful teene 

Reoim of Nem Publieatims. 


before bim, dwelt on the eminent quali- 
ties of Ihe dec«MEd Prelate, particularly 
bis exempUry moderation in tbe pal- 
toral exercise of bis Epiaeopal functicns, 
in language perhaps never mon fia.the- 
ticaUy eiLpretBedj concluding wil,h tbe 
words of St. Peter, in bis second Epistle : 
'And besides this, gi'ing all dili^nce, 
be added to his faith, virtue i and to 
virtue, knowledge ; and to knowledge, 
temperance ; and to temperance, pa- 
tience ; and to patience, godliness) and 
to godliness, brotherly' kindness j and to 
brotherly kindness, eharitf.'" 

" On a neat white marbla tablet, hav- 
ing a crest and a device over, affixed to 
tbe SouLb wall of tbe ails of the nave, 
iiear the tomb of Judge Littleton, it tbe 

following classical inscription : 






labour, and felicity, he daalt ont ti» 
treasures of his learniag for tbe beiwfit 
oF tbe rising Generation, the prMutt 
age knows and aekuoirledKes, and ibb- 
ceeding ages wiil feel with ftatitodei 
while so singular wai the ■ttactHasnt* 
the veneratioD, and filial Wm Af bto 
Scholars for their Mutar, . th;)f ^IrleDd, 
and their Parani, as hsrillj nlJiilwil te- 
Hef but ftom tbOM who wiftiwiaAlt. 
Sttlct faimaelf in the aarelM of i«Tar 
duty, yet compassionate ts>tb« falUo(i 
of othcn, be held thatnRue t^ dioit 
aacred, which ia indeed of all tu mmtt 
comprehensive, the Lova -of Hunan 
Kind. Having at his Cbarch of Harb 
ington, on Suod^', the S3d d^ of Sept. 
1804, exemplwUy diiebarged -Ac dnnea 
of his panoral office, at midnight, on 
« sudden call of hii Master, acaml;^ 
wakened from tbe restjcu sleep «f thia 
world, he slept In pa*ce everkatfiw, 
aged G5 yean. This iDaiuiriBl;af fall 
virtue! was erectad by bit widoar, 'Aba- 
BBLiA James." 

We riiall DOW ghn an artida«r t«o 
of Biography. 

' John Wali^ M; D. a man oF An* 


"On the other side of the tomb of 
Judge Littleton, on a similar tablet of 
white marble, is thia inicription : 

" Johannes Cliiton, Decano Capitu- 
loque Vigornieiui i Consitiis, ampllssi- 
mis Ingenii Dutibus gaudens, Juatltijl, 
Fide, l^nerolentii, Necessllndlne nulli 
secundus,Vitat BtemE potitusest, Oclo- 
bris die xiii. Anno Stluti 

" Maria et Jana, iili* carissitnB, im- 
maturiMnrtecorreptH, renierunt; ilia 
August! die VIII. Auno Salul. HDcCcv. 
bxc Octohris viii. mdcccix, 

" Against the same wall, near to the 
^trance into tbe cloister, is a monu- 
meiit of white marble, containing tbe 
following inscription : 

"Sacred to the memory of Thomas 
James, Doctor in Divinity, heretofore 
fellow and Tutor of King's College in 
Cambridge, sixteen years Head-Master 
of Rugby School, in tba county of War- 
wick, and afterwards Prebendary of this 
Cburcb 1 a sincere disciple of Christ, 
with nil the meekness and humility uf 
bis Master! and guileless, if ecer such 
there were among tbe Sons uf Men. He 
was a 5cb»lar, and a ripe and good one, 
without the smallMt tpark, of Buholastic 
pride or acrimony | and with nbat ceal. 

: of the M 
inducement t( 
that delightl\i1 
knowledge of 
the Worcester 
much indehteij 

writes thus: 'IHU eutnect HM'-bMn 
well etseuted by Dr. Wall, of WotMrtar, 
whose fine genfat for biifarj> fsinliDC 
lid maka na regret that bis^itlNM is 


an eminent Phyiiciiui . in Vfitt^tK, 
whose knowledge of medlciiil^^ 'i m mil 
application, diligence, and anecML 'n*« 
bim a Urge share of medical praefieein 
tbe City and Countyi for be Mpl^od 
tbat happy sagicily and JJiatwi— ^ 
that energy, tempered with -pmdeHM, 
in bis prsetici, which alone belMi|»ta 
tbe rare character of< a PbT^lan; (£-|*> 
nius i and a little before hit d«Mb; h« 
was looked up to astHie'irbon'Mildao 
arrive at (be head of bli prM 
his abilities and knOwledga' ll 

cbeerfnl and pleasing, aad bitiviconr of 
body seemed to promise a lot^^ar Ufa; 
but being called upon by .tbe Ma^i^tnln 
of the Con aty to visit the, priaqp^wlfara 
many laboured undei the gaol-fisnir, lie. 


Xeview of New Publications. 


nobly attenCife to bis dutj, but DegU- 
Igent of bis own tafety, went into tfae 
cdU aitA dunseons foil of pestilential 
coDtacfooy aod restored bealtb to the 
miserable sufferers $ but his own inva- 
luable life feU a sacrifice to the exertion, 
He was seveed with the dire contagion, 
and fully persuaded that the erent would 
be fatal, he was conveyed to his father's 
iKMse in Kidderminster, to receive ftom 
him the last attentions of parental skill 
and aflfection. Every medical effort 
proving ineffectual, he died a greatly- 
lamented victim, in the diseharge of 
one of the most dangerous daties of his 
profession, August I6th, 1783, in the 
30th year of his age.— His thesis on the 
Angina Maligna, and the English trans- 
lation, published in 1779, were consi- 
dered as masterpieces, and recommended 
to the attention on physicians by Dr. 
Cutlens the late Dr. Fothergill, Dr. 
Rowley, and ethers, l^ewise^ bestowed 
much oomdiendation u^on it." .^ 

1»^ BriHfVi's Hiff^ory tutd JiUiqviHes 
ojihe Cathedral CAiirc* f^Salisbuiy. 

" (Omeludedfi-im p. 58.) 

<« ItHE f nterior of the Churdb, though 
not «o gf iand, picturesque, and diversified 
ji% ni4iiy other Cathedrals, possesses se- 
veral .elegant parts and interesting ob- 
jects. THie uniformity of style and sur- 
face repder it rather monotonous ; but 
tbe character of simplicity, unity, and 
harmotiy that prevails, pleases the eye, 
and gratifies the mind.*' 

We- could witb pleasure accompany 
our Author in his survey of the in- 
terior i but, having already indulged 
in sadi copious citattons, we must 
content ourselves with observing, that 
the same plan is pursued which was 
adopted iti treating of the exterior. 

The seventh and last Chapter is dedi- 
cated Jo an •* Account of the Monu- 
inents, and Anecdotes of some of the 
Persons to whose memory they are 

'f The sculpture and architectural 
forms which belong to the Chantry Char 
pels and old Monuments of this Catbe- 
dlral, are entitled to distinct considera- 
tion ; and tfae greater part of the effigies, 
as illustrative of tbe progressive state of 
tbe art of sculpture, and style of cos- 
tume of different ages, demand faithful 
representatiops, and a particular de- 

The raoil antient tombs, nearly 40 
ID number, are individually particu- 
larized, and minutely detailed, with 
copjectural criticiim on thoie i^hich 

are nninicribed, and whose traditional 
appropriatioBt are therefore often 
dttbioui or unfounded. A brief enu- 
meration of the modern monuments 

Mr. B.'s dictiott is flowing and po- 
lished, and the general disposition of 
his materials' systematic and perspi- 
cuous s but the explanatory remarks 
oQJ^be ground*plan, which terminate 
the 6th, and " the measurements and 
references to Prin^ oot already de- 
scribed," with observations on mo- 
dem repairs of the Cathedral, at the 
close of the last Chapter,* would have 
been incorporated with much more 
propriety in the body of tfae narrative. 

The extent, jurisdiction, and ofBcers 
of the Diocese are still more mis- 
placed, and shoold certainly have been 
introduced in the History of the See. 

An Index of three very useful Lists 
IS appended to the volume. The 
1st is a << chronological list. of the 
Bishops, with contemporary Deans, 
Kings, and Popes." Wecoafess we 
do not perceive tho: utility of con- 
tinuing tbe Popes beyond the Re- 
formation, as they have subtfequisntly 
had no connexion with, or controul 
over, the British Prelacy. The 2d 
is a copious and valuable <<List of 
Books, Essays, and Pribti; thatjiave 
been published relating to Salisbury 
Cathedral ;'' also a ^* List of engraved 
Portraits of its Bishops $*/ ** subjoined 
to gratify the Bibliographer,' the cri- 
tical Antiquary, and the Illustrator^ 
as well as tp shew, at one view, the 
sources whence the preceding^ V^S^ 
have been derived." The last, but 
not least important, is the accom- 
panying ** List of Prints.** 

On tbe superlative merits of tfae 
embellishments given in the early 
portions of the work, our sentiments 
were fully and strongly expressed in a 
former N umber * ; and the whole now 
constitute a brilliant series of the 
most exquisitely finished engravings. 
Tbe truth of Nature is never violated 
by meretricious graces, nor identity 
of representation obscured by distort- 
ed perspective : indeed neither (he 
objects delineated, nor the Artists, 
require such factitious aids ; tbe pen- 
cil of Mackenzie seems formed for 
the burin of Le Keux, and their united 
efforts have created a new era in this 
department of the art. 

* Vol. LXXXV. Part I. p. 153-3. 


We cordiallj wish Mr. B. health 
aod patronage adequate to the com- 
pletion of hii splendid and elaborate 
undertaking. We know not his mo- 
tives for commencing the series with 
Salisbury; but we are inclined to re* 
gret the selection^ as its precision of 
date and uniformity of style allowed 
little or no scope to that discrimina- 
tion which he has evinced in his pre* 
vious publications, and which almost 
any other Cathedral would have 
summoned in its utmost latitude of 

Unfettered by the slavish adoption 
of any favourite hypothesis, our Au- 
thor's Antiquarian researches are pur- 
•ued with a single eye to the attain- 
ment of truth : no gratuitous assump- 
tions are ever substituted for legiti- 
mate conclusions t his expensive per-^ 
tonal surveys, and laborious investi- 
gations, instead of being rendered 
subservient to pre-conceived system, 
are directed to the more practical and 
useful phrposes of rational inference 
and patient deduction. Mr. B. has 
heen uniformly distinguished for taste 
and liberality in his graphic embel- 
lishments; and we are persuaded, 
tliat to him, more than to any other 
individual, we are indebted for a 
rapidly progressive improvement in 
the pictorial delineations of our Archi- 
tectural Antiquities. Au anxious so- 
licitude after an unattained, but not 
unattainable degree of perfection, 
characterized, and has at length 
crowned, his exertions; and, in having 
drawn from obscurity the latent ta- 
lents of many of our rising Artists, 
he has evinced himself not only a 
benefactor to Science, but to his 

14. ^ Popular Description of St. Paul's 
Cathedral: including a Bf-ief History 
of the Old and New Cathedral ; Ex- 
planations of t fie Monumental Designs : 
and other interesting Particulars. Sva. 
Nichols, Son, ^ Bentley. Rivingtons. 

THIS is, in every sense of the word, 
^n elegaiit little publication ; con- 
taining a concise, but satisfactory and 
well-written description of this mag- 
nificent Cathedral ; with a correct 
account of the several National Mo- 
iHiments which are placed m it, and 
copies of the inscriptions. 

" The descriptions of the Monuments 
by Mr. Barton, senior and junior, and 
Mr. Charles Manning, were liberally 

Reoiem of New Puhlkaiums. 


communicated by M^. Bacon, Junior. 
For those by Mr. Plaxman, Mr. Rottiy 
and Mr. Westmacott, the Bditor it in- 
debted to the respective Artists." 

The monuments aro those of Jphit 
Howard,. Dr.. Johnson, Sir William 
Jones^ Sir Joshua ReyuoUt^ Captain 
Burgess, Captain Fauiknor, Majos 
General Dundasr C!aptain WettcoU, 
€aptaint Mosse and Riou, Lord R4id«» 
ney. Earl Howe, Sir Ralph Aber<* 
cromby,. Sir John Moore,. Marqnia 
Cornwallis, Capt. Miller, Capf. 6. N.. 
Hardinge, Major - geoerait Cranfonl 
and Mackinnon, Maj.-gen. Mackencia- 
and Brig.-gen.Langworth, Capt. Doff„ 
and Capt. Jiihn Cooke. Tbote of 
Lord Nelson and LordCollingwood aiv 
not yet opened for public inspection.. 

A neat Ground-plan of the Charcb' 
it prefixed, with reference! to the 
tituations of the pcincipal Monu- 

Among the Tariout elaborato and' 
expensive works which have been 
published, illustrative of this magni- 
ficent structure, there is none which 
compresses, in a portable form, ihe 
information required by every catnal?- 
visitor, for whom this Bpitome it ex-« 
pressly adapted. 

15. SpeecJtes delivered to Queen Eliza- 
beth, on her f^isii to Giles Lord Chan- 
dos, at Sudeley Castle, m 1592 : with' 
a Portrait 0/ Giles, 3d Lord Chandos, 
and an Introduction by Sir Egerton 
Bryd^es, Bart, K. J. M. P. High^ 
omamerited with IVood - MngramiMgrm. 
Printed at the private Press 0/ Let 
Priory, tnKent, 1815. Aio. 

MORE than sixty years ago, the 
late ingenious Horace Walpole, Etri 
of Orford, establiihed at his beaatifnl 
Tilla of Strawberry Hill a prirate 
press; at which were printed the* 
Catalogue of Royal and Noble Au* 
ikorsj the Anecdotes of Paintings and- 
many curious tracts, and piecei'of 
poetry, highly acceptable to CoK 
lectors and men of taste. These were 
much sought after, and bore an exr 
travagant price during his life, al- 
though the number of copies of manj 
of them was by no mearf^ very limited* 
Some of these works were handsomely 

firiuted; and the Lucan, in particu- 
ar, was a splendid book : out the 
heanty of the typography did not a|^ 
pear to tte among the first objectt of 
Lord Orford*s care. On these accounts 
the Private Press ef Ln PaioaT, 

(a place 


Meoiam tf Nem Publicotioms. 

(a place Gotbiciied ia the finesl tatU 
»f James Wy at t, and mucb admired by 
Lord Orford, who wai the particular 
friend of Mr. Barrett, the late pof-> 
feuor, in wboie time, and by wboie 
lore of the Arti« tho«e elegant altera- 
tions were made in the antient man* 
•ion)— K>n these accounts we venture 
to pronounce that this Prew dilfers 
from that of Strawberry Hill. Not 
only -is the number of copies of any 
work prmted here strictly limited to 
9ne hundred^ including the eleven 
copies claimed by the Universities 
under the late very severe and op- 
pressive Copyright Bill ; but fre- 
quently does not exceed eighty co- 
pies; and sometimes not more than 
sixty. So at least it is uniformly as- 
serted in the announcements annexed 
to these works; and we are confident, 
on the authority of the quarter whence 
it comes, that the assertion may be 
depended on. This, however, is a 
point of minor value. The typo- 
rraphical beauty of the Lee Priory 
Books must strike every one who has 
skill or taste in the art of Printing. 
Mr. Warwick, brought up in London, 
under Bensley, while the magnificent 
Bible of Mackiin was printing, and 
ftClerwards well known as a most emi- 
nent pressman in the Capital, has 
not ceased to put forth his utmost 
strength, labour, and skill, in this 
favourite private concern. It would 
swell this article too much to give 
a list of the works printed at thi<i 
press : in our last we have inserted a 
iiill account of the Poem of Bertram. 
Some of the other pieces are re-prinls, 
Interesting to the Literary Antiquary, 
not merely from the srarcily of the 
originals, hut from their intrinsic 
merit; such as Sir Walter Raleigh's 
Poems; Nicholas Breton's Poems; 
Occasiou^jl Poems of Wm. Browne, 
the pastoral Poet ; and Greene's 
Groat' s-worth of Wit. Another class 
of them consists of modern originals ; 
such as The Syh^an /f^andercr, by Sir 
E. B. ; and Dunluce Castle, a Poem, 
by his friend Mr. Quillinan (the au- 
thor of Monthermer, of which we 
have so lately given a criticism). 

The work, of which the title stands 
at the head of this article, is perhaps 
the chefd^iBuvre of this press in typo- 
i^raphical beauty. The clearne<)s and 
brilliancy of the prevs-work ; the ar- 
rangement of the title-pages ; and the 
•umber and beauty .of the woodcuts, 


yitli the admirable fnvmer n whi^ 
the impressions of them are taken* 
will nocessariiy attract and delight the 
lover of the Arts. We shall presently 
say something more of the nature of 
the designs, as connected with the 
literary matter of the work. 

In touching on the subject of these 
pages, and the manaer in which it it 
bandied, we canuol allow ouraelvee 
to say all, or the greater part, of tbe< 
suggestions they raise in us. The oM 
Tract, containing the Speeche§ ef 
Sudeleyy has been ^efore re- printed hj 
Mr. Nichols, in his very curious and 
ample volumes of Tlie Progrtne9 of 
Queen Elizabeth. It is here again re- 
printed from the original (which is a 
most rare tract), compared with the 
text in Mr. Nichols's work. To this 
the Editor has orefixed a very lonr 
Introduction^ or which a consicferable 
portion of the materials of the first 
part is drawn from the scattered and 
abundant information of Mr. Nichols's 
volumes. It contains a very useful 
digested list of the Seats of the No- 
bility and Gentry, visited at different 
periods of her long reign by Queen 
Blizabeth. It then proceeds to give 
a short History of Sudeley Castle: 
and here the principal matter consists 
in a brief memoir of the Noble fa- 
mily who owned the Castle when the 
Queen honoured it by her visit in 
1592: and this is chiefiy confined to 
the head line, before the honours 
went to the collateral and Ducal 
branch of Wilton: a branch to whom 
Sudcley never devolved. In this brief 
memoir, drawn with that intermix* 
ture of reflection and sentiment so un- 
usual in the meagre pages of gcnealo^ 
gicai deduction, a few particulars are 
inserted not hitherto known. But 
the Author evidently puts a bridle 
upon himself, lest he should be drawn 
into egotisms, or expose himself to 
the charge of ostentation and vanitv. 
These are points on which be is 
clearly sore; and perhaps indignant : 
he is sometimes plaintive; and we 
wish that the hard and sarcastic may 
not call him querulous. We doubt if 
Li becomes the truly elevated spirit of 
a man of talent and honourable am- 
bition, to ftc otherwise than indif- 
ferent whether he sits in the House of 
Lords, or House of Commous: and, 
if he really feels his right to be just 
and incontrovertible, not to look 
down with haughty contempt ^u i^^l 


Metnew of New PubUcaiums. 


busy intrigneri ilbo may hvre usurp- 
ed 9 pl^e from whence he hat been 
excluded. Wcwonld encourage that 
dignity of mtnd^ which conneers ail 
other difliinctiona at triflhig^ com- 
pared with genius and intellectual 
power: which will not suffer the in- 
sults orencroaehmentkof mere wealth, 
or mere rank and honours; which, 
"when despoiled of castles and terri- 
tories aod emoluments, suffers not it- 
self to sink in its own estimation ; or 
to be sneered by stupid and empty 
pride out of the tasks it has to fulfil; 
and the lead and dictation it is quali- 
fied to take. Without the wish to 
cavil, or the inclination to censure, 
and with a due love of all the refine- 
ments, and even all the idlenesses of 
Literature and the Arts, we yet se- 
riously doubt if Sir E. B.'stime might 
not be better employed than in these 
amusements, however elegant; mixed 
as they seem to be with some of those 
feelings which enervate the heart, 
and draw it away from the more 
Tigorons occupations suited to one, 
who has shewn that he can take a 
part in the business of Legislation; 
and think for himself, and prove that 
he.cannot be driven from the strong 
hold' he 0as taken, on a subject 
mainly aSecting the happiness of one- 
third of the population of his coun- 
try, in .«pite of prejudice and interest, 
aod cold' adherence to the most pal- 
pable and crying abases, merely be- 
cause they b«ve long existed. We 
refer to some of the provisions of the 
Poor Laws ; particularly the 'present 
system of Htm ovals. The task is 
Herculean ; and he must not expect 
to perform all, or even half that he 
attempts. Eutyifhenerformsafourth 
of it, or much less than that, he will 
earn a more glorious and unfading 
wreath than titles or coronets can 
confer. We are sure that these 
are the feeliegs and reflections of his 
own more sober and enlightened mo- 
ments. We are sure, there are times 
when he throws away from him in 
scorn all employments but those high 
tasks, to which the better part of his 
faculties cau alone be worthily bound : 
wh^en he no longer values the blood of 
Egerton, and btanley, and Clifford, 
except so far as it has produced men 
of taleut or of virtue; and thinks it 
can give no pretension to himself, 
unless it has brought with it mental 
vigour, and nobk and dignified am» 

bition. A severe censor of the hifaiaa 
character cannot always refrain froM 
remarks on the ineqtialitiea of the 
most accomplished mhids: it is ttot 
without regret that he too often Met 
them throw away much of their pre* 
cious tkae on trifles, which, howbver 
innocent, seem only justifiable* ift 
minor talents. At the same time 'ho 
must recollect, that the opportaoitjr 
for the exercise and display of tho 
higher faculties does not always oe* 
cur: an adverse succession of pilratti 
malice, sorrow, ill fortune, intriguo^ 
ill health, may all, or any of them, 
blight or suppress them. When thit 
happens, whatever innocently beguiles 
the tedium of life may not only be 
endured, but be praise-worthy. We 
well know the variety of the duties 
allotted to different persons in the 
human drama. It is only in the sbadOf 
and warmed and protected by an arti- 
ficial stimulus or shield^ that the dis- 
appointed mind will sometimes nut 
forth even a sickly blossom. It ms 
often been questioned how far the 
application of the higher kind of ta- 
lent (that which is fitted for the best 
purposes of literature,) to' tl^e pMc* 
tical part of polilfCks is adViMlfc* 

There is a noble passage of Mfillibi 
cited by T. Warton, in his Pr^i^.lo 
the Great Poet's Juvenile Poems, bn 
this subject! whose ftntbority<llmDS 
there to be in favour o#<he n^CHl»t 
and it has been said»: thht Burlie 
would have done better to tanve^'CiMi 
fined his resplendent geoius'*ti^ tfi6 
closet and the pen< BnttsuMy-Aifs 
opinion, as to Biurke at least; i^f^HiMj 
erroneous. Those luminottfcvaiitgs, 
which will instruct and detighl.tbe 
world to the latest posterity^ .ooold 
only have sprung out of the sratiTo 
part he took in public al&lrs. ft 
might have been better for Sir S; 
bappiness, as well as his fame, ifTdr- 
tune had throwti him early i'd the 
<^ueer of public life, instead of wastiii|^ 
so many years in the minor ,co'nceriis 
of Bibliography, Genealogy^ an4 Av^ 
tiquitiesi wnich men of a djrier cast, 
and less fervid intellect, migt^ have 
performed equally, well. At the same 
time, wo must ncit 1m sq uqjust as to 
let it be supposed i -that those have 
been his only literary Occopattons^ 
Our last Reviewi which gives an ae- 
count of Bertram J will prove other^ 
wtse; and The RumimUoTt imd va- 
rious prose conpositionsy moral and 



Hanem of New Puhlications. 

bJ(^raphicaI, v ill *peak to tbi same 

We have &1tnded to the dcMfrni of 
the wiMd-eosmiogi of the preteot 
publiralion. The Vignette at the 
bottom of the Ad«i^rti*enieat, which 
repreieDti norkmen in the act of di- 
vertiDg the cuine of hii antient 
jtream, with a ca«lle on a hill in the 
diitance, ia beautiful. TJiedeii^n of 
Uie arm* of George and William, eth 
aad 7lb Lordi ChaDdos, in exquisite t 
and ifae ufi)!inal muttoi at the bottom 
<^tJiif, and leveral ut Ihe other vood- 
engravin);! (exec u led bt Neibit, Bran- 
aton. White, &c), add much to their 
inleresl, uritten ai tbev ore, eon 
wmore, on lubjecls nhich naturally' 
warm the Edilor'i imagination and 
ootttuiiMiB. The portrait of Gilet, 
third. Lord Chaudoi, who entertained 
the Queen at Sudelev, (an:l died 1594) 
fTom an original at Wobnrne, ii cu- 
rioua, and a valuable addition to the 
Granget Collector!. It ii well en- 
graved bj Stow. 

IS. Ramarhi,ifc.S(c.intt^SafeCmBty- 

lOUt and Prtiaruatioit a/ G«7qi»*iier. 

ilyJameis Walker, Invanlor a/ the int- 

provedPattai CopperBm-rtU fin- thi e/- 

feHuai PreicrvalUn of Curyoaifer and 

Cartridges iit His Majesty's H^yalA'ain/, 

t(e. Sfc. im. Avo. pji. lOT. IJ^riins, 

THE object wbioh the Fublinhe'r of 

theie Bemafki professea lo have io 

vie* ii of a nature lo muincntoui, 

that we recomtneiid it tu the lerious 

attention of Ihoie whom it more ini- 

mediatel; coacerm, to etamiDe verjr 

niiBut«lj iti prctcniiuoi. 

'■Ilie^apture of the Kritish abips of 
warbytha'Eeof the Aoieric^aTis, bas been 
attributed by lome to tlif ir ships beint; 
Bo auperior in size j by Mhers; to their 
having a peater number of men ■ hqiI 
by many, to their guns being of a larger 
calibre; but the possibility or tbe Ame- 
rican Gunpowdrr being more elective 
than that *ith. which the British ships 
were defeniled, appears tu have escaped 
all wbii have written ^on those events. 
The total destruatioii of the Rutrriete, 
Java, and Peacock, white the Amerii;:m 
ihlpt wer* to little injared ; as well as 
tbe'ei»pture vt iheMacCTtortiail, Boxer, 
and Doniinica ; are' subjects, notnilh- 
standitig -ttaid vlatories <riitained by <ba 
Shannon and Feliean by boarding, that 
demjind sericHis ci>iisideratioii. Tliese 
renarkB are iheirfore written lo shew, 
tbattlieBrici*b.Cu>ipowder, although ex- - 
tremely well manufactured, is to soon 
deteriorated, as to leave no doubt that 


tbe ascendancy gained by thaAmerieaiM 
is to be attributed, in a veiy great de- 
gree, to iti defeetive state; aod to tbe 
American Powdci; being newly oi ade4>et- 
than that withwhick the British fought. 
So long ago as tha year ITS 1 r a Cupptr 
Machine waii invented byLieut.-Genefal 
Sir William Cungrevt;, to cuntaia loose 
Gunpowder; but it nas found to beuf 
no use, and was laid by until 1810 ; it 
was tben opposed to the Improved Patent 
Copper Barrels, which were invented to 
hold Cartiidgel of every calibre, ready 
filled for action; and again Uld by un- 
til 1813, when its utility was considered 
by a Committee of Naval and Military 
OfGccTs, and reported by tbem of no 
benefit to the Service. — The accom- 
panying Letten and CertiScales from 
Officers in bis Majesty's Navy, and 
others, are a striking proof that a re- 
medy has been long wanted, and tbat it 
is at length found in tbe Improved Pa- 
tent Capper Powder Barrets." 

Tbe Teitimontali are reipeelable. 

1 7. Hints an the Lame and OutBta* of 
Antient atid Modem Nalions, ttspect- 
ing Marriage, Marriage Ceremonia, 
Encaaragemenl$ to Marriage, Divttree, 
jidultrry, Pelggamy, Purchase of 
If^ves, Celibacy, Parental Aulhmity 
and ObUgalions. Filial' OU^nfioru, 
Deseenl of Property, Domer, UM*, 
Senndai, Ptarisk-meni of Ctymit and 
Off'etKes against Morality, Bxtraoa- 
gawe, Gamiog, L^ing, DutUatg, 
Luxury, Chastity, Bapt, SsdlielUm, 
Fm-nicati»a, Pr/uliiMien, Perjury, 
TlieJ't, Treann, Csiirg,. GuardiatalKp, 
Oebtori, Taxatim, tfc. Sfc. i{e. ffilh 
a Sketch of the Condition of ffaufoi- 
among all Naticiis. Jiy a Gentleman 
of the Middle Temple, nmo.pp.lii. 
Sherwood and Co. _ . 
AFTER this ample billof fare, the 
Author saji, 

" Whether be is blanteable Or not, in 
making tbe ' million' acquainted with 
those facts aud circuHiStanMs, ibe kbuw- 
Icdge of which,' frtim. <be^ tieing scat- 
tered through ar^varlety uf.yolinne^r ma^ 

take u 

be sin< 

kind,-fi'om astate office and'barbatisiu, 
htclme civiDzRf niiiV enSigbK^etl, can 
"■"'■■■-■— iitlefftct evettupon the aiost 



Review of New Publications. 


\^. A Manual of \^7ii\r\ Grammar; in- 
tended to combine the antient Plan of 
Grammatical Institution, originally en- 
joined hif Jioyal Authority, with the 
Advantages of Modem Improvement : 
to which are prefixed some Prefatory 
ffints and Observations on the Methods 
of commencing and pursuing Classical 
framing, in Schools and hy private 
Study. By John Pye Smith, D. D, 
l2mo. pp.\04. Galr, Curtis, ^ Fenner. 

THIS *' Manual," ia which "sjreat 
And successful paint have been taken 
to secure typogiaphical accuracy," 
begins with a very curious history of 
its predecessors: 

" In the reign of King Henry VIII. a 
Zjatin Grammar, with an English In- 
troduction, nr Accidence, was composed 
by Willwiin Lily, Dr. John Colet, Dean 
of St. Paul's, and other distinguished 
scholars ; and was enjoined by the au- 
thority of the learned but arbitrary So- 
vercigi^ to be * only and every where 
taught, for the use of learners/ through- 
out his realm. The exquisite know- 
ledge, care, and accuracy, manifested in 
that well-known work, must appear to 
every unprejudiced person. But within 
the last 1 50 years, the venerable * Com- 
mon Grammar' has been assailed by 
many objections and cavils ; and an in- 
numerable host of new Grammars and 
Introductions have been forced upon the 
public attention. The captivating pro- 
mises of the novel plans have procured 
to some of them an extensive adoption ; 
that uniformity of grammatical insti- 
tution, the beneticial effects of which 
our ancestors so justly appreciated, has 
long been exploded; and the conse- 
' quence has been, a lamentable weakness 
and deficiency in the classical learning 
acquired at a great proportion of our 
schools and private seminaries. It would 
be absurd to expect that the antient 
Grammar should be restored to its do- 
minant authority. The circumstances^ 
also, of the present time, present go 
many additional objects as essential to a 
course of liberal education, that only a 
small proportion of those to whom an 
acquaintance with the Latin and Greek 
languages is highly desirable, can devote 
so much time as is usually necessary for 
laying the foundation deep and firm in 
Lily*s Grammar. The child who begins 
Latin, under competent tuition, at the 
age of six or seven, possesses this desira- 
ble opportunity ; but few, I fear, whose 
initiation is later, can be so considered. 
Yet, in the wide and still extending dif- 
fusion of knowledge, which it the hap- 
piness of our age and nation, avast body 
of young persons may and ou^ht to ac- 

quire a respectable competency of clatti* 
cal learning, who have not enjoyed tbii 
very early advantage : and this nume- 
rous class, from even a stronger necet« 
sity than can be pleaded for antient eru'^ 
dition, ought also to lay a foundation tot 
mathematical and physical science, na- 
tural history, some modern langua{^ 
and the requisites for commercial life, 
within the period ordinarily allotted to 
what is called a good education. There 
is another class eminently entitled to 
respect, and to every possible encourage^ 
m^nt ; a class of young persons, tmitten 
with the unconquerable love of learoiDg^ 
parsimonious of the scanty leisure t* be 
redeemed from sleep and business, che« 
rishing the happiness of mental culture, 
and pursuing the honour of future use- 
fulness. These are toiling, by tbeirowh 
silent efforts, or by such casual assistance 
as they can procure, to supply the de- 
fects of a neglected education, and to 
secure, if possible, some portion of tbe 
rich provisions which tbe best Greek 
and Roman writers afford, for inform- 
ing, strengthening, and elevating: tbef 
mind. Others, enjoying the beautfts'ctf 
English Literature, lament their ex- 
clusion from tbe pure models of tute ill 
the Greek and Roman authors ; tboogli 
they look back on six or seven yean of 
professed clMiicsA education; but which 
has proved an useless sacrifice of time, 
and a cruel mockery of hope, prind* 
pally because it was not founded upon s 
solid and accurate grammatical insti- 
tution. Such persons might, in gene* 
ral, lay the foundation anew, akid bniU 
successfully upon it, without any very 
extraordinary efforts, if they would per- 
severe upon a steady plan of self-im- 
provement. — Of the modern Latin Gram- 
mars, some of the most popular^ bow- 
ever excellent in many respects, appear 
to Uie to have failed in felicity of order^ 
in perspicuity, or in sufbcient compre- 
hensiveness : others seem to have erred 
by an unnecessary departure from tbe 
arrangement and the terms which the 
custom of ages has established, and with- 
out the habit of which, critical works 
and the conversation of scholart most 
appear strange, or even obscure. Tbe 
JEton Grammar is extensively adopted 
in private and public schools. It is an 
abstract from Lily, and I must confeae 
my opinion that it is inferior in useful- 
ness to the original *. The high tone of. 
erudition and classical taste which is 
sustained at Eton College, hag probably 
been attributed to the use of this ele- 

* "Some late editions of the Eton 
Grammar have a very valuaUe appendage 

of English notes." 


IS 16.5 

MeviffW ^ New Publicationt. 


menUry book, 4nd so. may have pro- 
moted it9 implicit adoptiou; but tbat 
effect iy more rationally to be ascribed 
to tbe eminent tfilents of the Masters of 
tbat Royal Foundation, and to tbe know- 
ledge, accuracy, and classical purity, 
which have become tr^iditionary amonj^ 
the Scholars. Ruddi man's Budiments, 
the popular Grammar in Scotland, is a 
book of f^reat excellence ; but most un- 
accountably and unfortunately, it takes 
not the slightest notice of Prosody. 

**On the basis of Ruddiman, the lateDr. 
Adam of Edinburgh, whose indefatigable 
life was always directed to pure useful- 
ness, constructed his ImHu and English 
Grammar; a work which will seldom 
f€ul to afford the learner whatever in- 
formation he may need. Its pages, 
however, are so crowded, and the por- 
tions requisite to be committed to me- 
mory are so intermixed with comment, 
that tbe attention of a child is over- 
whelmed, and his recollection obscured. 
Dr. Adam's Grammar is not adapted for 
the purpose of initiating learners, so 
much as for pupils whose attainments 
and whose jwl^ent are considerably 
advanced : to sueh it cannot be too 
luuch recommended. 

*' After the opinions which I have 
Ventured thus to express, it may seem 
both inconsistent and presumptuous to 
present myself to the publick as the 
compiler of another Latin Grammar. 
To the candid reader, therefore, I sub- 
mit an account of the design, the 
plan, and the application of this little 

For iiMse, we refer the R/eader to 
the «' Manual" itself. 

19. EUmens d$ la (j!fammaire Fran9«»iiie. 
A Grammar cfthe French hauguoge^ 
compUed fraufi iiutheit Auth(yiitxes^ of» 
a new Pian : designed to p7'epare tfte 
JLearnerJor conversing in French ; and 
calculated to abridge the Time usually 
spent in acquiring that Accomplish- 
ment. By Ph. Le Breton, M. A. late 
of Exeter College, Oxford ; and Master 
of tfie Academy in Poland - Street. 
\2mo. pp, 95. Law and Whittaker. 

to. Fnench Pronunciation alphabetically 
exhibited : witk Spelling Vocabularies, 
and New Fajblef, French a?i£^ English. 
By C. Gros. \^mo. j^p. 105. 

TWO interesting little volumes, 
well adapted for the instruction of 
those fur whose use {bey appear to 
have been aljteotivjeJy CjompiJed. 
Gent. Mag. February, iai€. 

21. Exercises on the Etymology, Syntax t 
Idioms, and Synonyms, of the Spanish 
Language. By L. J. A. M*Henry, a 
Native of Spain, Author of an im- 
proved Spanish Grammar, designed 
especially for Self -instructors. l2mo, 
pp. 124. Sherwood and Co, 

A VERY proper companion to the 
Spanish Grammar of this ingenioui 
Author, which we have already no- 
ticed in vol. LXXXI V. Part II. p. 154. 


32. A Key to Gregory's Arithmetick . 
adapted to the First, and to a prepared 
Second Edition oftikat ff^ork / contain^ 
ing Answers to the Questions, with tho 
Staging to each Example in which 
Proportion is concerned; andtheff^orh 
fU length to those Examples which art 
longt or in the least tedious. To which 
is ajjitced, A Compendium qf Logo-' 
rithmic Arithmetick : being a plain and 
succinct Explanation of the Nature^ 
Constructiony and Use of Logarithms ; 
deduced entirely from the Principles ^ 
Commjon Arithmetick. By the Author 
of the Arithmetick. \2mo. pp. 128. 
Longman and Co, 

" IN consequence of the novel system 
introduced into the Introduction tp 
Arithmetick, (reviewed in our volume 
LXXXI V. Part I. p. 162.) the Teacher h 
generally enabled to ascertain the ao* 
euracy of the various results by a mo- 
mentary inspection, without a scruti^ 
jiLzing examination of the working; and 
though it cannot he controverted, that 
the j^an adopted in tbat Treatise renders 
the reference to a Key less necessary 
than in any other book on the subject 
ever published ; yet the utility of a Key 
for occasional reference, particularly ia 
Jarjje Schools, is obvious to all who ar9 
experienced in the teaychiji^ of Aritl^ 

23. A Compendium of Logarithmic Arith- 
metick; being a plain and succinct 
Explanation of the Natwre, Construc- 
tion, and Use of Logarithms ; deduced 
entirely from the Pnnciples qf Common 
Arithmetick. By George Gregory, of 
the Free Grammar School, BeptoQ. 
\^mo. pp. 26. Longman and Co, 

"THIS, short TreatAs^e (the Author 
ho^pes) will be sanctioned by Instructors; 
the general principles and rules b^ii^ 
greatly familiarized, and comprized in a 
small compass ; and the methods of 
operation illustrated in so plain a mau- "^ 
ner, as to be easily comprehended by 
the younff Student.*' 


■ / 


Review of New Publications. 


24. Travels at Home, and Voyages hy 
the Fire side, for the Instruction and 
JCnte^'tainment of Young Pei'sons. Se- 
cond Edition, b vols. Luiigman ^'O. 

THE combination of ike aj^reeable 
Tvith the useful, in Ihe business of 
Ediicalion, has been practised with 
{greater skill and success during the 
present ai;e, than at any former pe- 
riod. So various have been live books 
of insti'uclioit written on this princi- 
ple, that there hardly seemed any de- 
mand for another; and yet, in the 
present instaoce, a desideratum has 
been supplied, which, in all former 
attempts of the same kind, had been 
lost si«rht of. The plan of " Tra- 
vels at Home" is novel. Seve- 
ral fictitious accounts of Travels 
have indeed appeared, for the in- 
struction of young persons; but until 
DOW there has bceu no work so con- 
^tructtd (with the exception, perhaps, 
of Mr. Pennant's ** Outlines of the 
filobe,") that ** the Reader, not pre- 
tepdin^' to be abroad, may commence 
find finish his Travels himself, by the 
fire side.*' The manner of using this 
interesting compendium is very ob- 
vious. |t is supposed that suitable 
maps (and globes where they can be 
liad) are spread on the table, and 
some one takes the lead in perform- 
ing the j mrney or voyage to be 
perused. In a series of dialogues, 
the Author conducts us successively 
over the four quarters of the world, 
and enlivens his geographical instruc- 
tions by conciie digressions on na- 
tural and civil history, and striking 
charactcrislicks of the various nations 
of the earth. These instructions may 
be extended at the discretion of the 
person who is competent to take the 
lead, a<« above-stated, and who, using 
these Travels as a text-book, may 
i!ail (ortti from his own memory a 
fund of rational amusement, in addi- 
tion to what the worif itself is (cal- 
culated to affiDrd, 

25. Memoirs of William Stevens, Esq, 
Trcasun r of Queen Anne's Bounty, 
Second Edition. Hvo. pp. 187. 

THEtSK ** Memoirs" are written 
eon amore by an eminent Barristett 
"who has very recently and deservedly 
been eJevat( d to the Judicial Bench. 
The Firiit Edition, which was only 
prmled for private dispersion, did nut 
come under our observation; but of 
tjie worthy -Gentleman whose placid 

life is here recorded, an ample aor 
count, communicated by hit pretenk 
very excellent Biographer,waf prioted 
in our voLLXXVII. p. 173. 

The^present Edition is dedicated ta 
** the Rigfit Rev. John Skinner, Senior 
Bishop of the Episcopal Church. of 

" In offering the Memoirs of William 
Stevens to the public observarion," aayi 
the Author, " many reasons eoneur f. 
induce roe to do so, undtr the ^uspicea 
of your most respectable name. Tha 
long and intimate friendship which subr 
sisted between you and the excellent 
person whose life is now recorded, well 
enables you to judge whether be was not^* 
both in bis principleft, and in thehabitf 
of his life, fully entitled to that bifh 
eulogium, which, throughout this woii, 
I have thought it due to truth to bestow 
upon his character ; namely, that of .the 
sincere and consistent Christian.— Ano- 
ther reason for inscribing this Work 'to 
you is, that it is my intention to dedicate 
the whole produce arising from its sale, 
to the Fund established for the relief of 
some of the Members of that pure, but 
depressed, portion of the Christiao 
Church, over which, as its Senior Bi- 
shop, you have so long and so ably pre- 
sided. — But above all other reasons, I 
have taken the liberty of dedicating thif 
little work to you, as it affords me an 
opportunity of publicly declaring, how 
much your name and character are re* 
vcred by all who have had the pleasure 
of knowing you so long, and so well ai 
1 have; believing, as I do, that you are 
surpassed by no man of your own order, 
in soundness of doctrine, or in sanctity 
of life. It is, therefore, with sentiments 
of the highest respect and veneration^ 
that I subscribe myself, Right Reverend 
Sir, your very faithful and obedient ser- 
vant. Jambs Allan Park, 

[King's Counsel.]" 

<< William Stevens was bom in tho 
Parish of St.Saviour*8,Southwark, March 
S, 1732. His father was a tradesman, 
residing in that parish, and certainly 
much inferior in stajtion to the mother 
of Mr. Stevens, who was the sister of the 
Rev. Samuel Home, rector of Ottiam, 
near Maidstone, in the county of Kent, 
and Hunt of the amiable, pious, and ex« 
emplary Dr. George Home, 'Afterwards 
Li)rd Bishop of Norwich: The father of 
Mr. Stevens c)i«d when he and a sister, 
the only issue of the marriage, were in- 
fants ; and the lose uf a father, which, 
generally speaking, Is the greatest earthly 
misfortune that can happen to a ehUo, 
probably laid the foundaiioH of that in- 
timacy between the two cuusins, Dr. 



Rexriew of iV^j«i Publications. 

Home and Mr. fSteTens^ which led to 

tbe most beneficial consequences in 

their future lives : for, after the death 

of her biisband, Mrs. Stevens removed 

with her children to Maidstone, in order 

to be near her brother's famUy. Nearly 

of the same age, Mr. Stevens not being -.. .-^ 

quite a year and a half younger than his y"""& iady to buy a share of a lottery 

cousin George Home, they passed their f'^ket ; and thus gives an account how 


Tfridow of hi9 friend Dr. Randolph, 
the phi^sician, who died in 1765, we 
find art fearlier letter to the daughlef 
of that lady^ full of vivacil/and 

He had i)een commissioned by th« 

eilrly years at the same school, at Maid- 
stone, under the Rev. Deodatus Bye *, a 
gentleman reported to have been of good 
|>rinciples, and well learned in Latin, 
Greek, and Hebrew, and there formed 
that stirong attachment, which probably 
arose from a congeniality of temper and 
disposition, which ever afterwards dis- 
tinguished them, and which led to the 

he had executed his commission 

"A^ot^.e, 1753. 
1 have been particularly careful to 
execute your commands, and herewith 
you receive, all otie as it were, a drafl 
upon my banker for 10,00()/. j tbe da- 
mage, as we say, is 3/. 8^. and it is hardly 
to be expected but it will be 3/. 8tf» 
damage; for this Lattery, like Ben Jon- 

tame studies, though the walk of life *^»* ^^chymist, with a promise of in 

in which these eminent persons moved, J[«^asing the sum, annihilates the whole* 

'was so extremely diflFerent. In Mr. ^^^^ever, I wish you all success j and at 

Jones's Life of Bishop Home, it is re* y^}^l ^"^^ '« now converted to paper, I 

latedof Mr. Stevens, though his name wish you may meet with that Philoso- 

be not mentioned, that Mr. Bye had P^ ^ *^<^e, that shall again Irammuf 

»aid, that William Stevens never did ^^^P^P^r to gold. This is an excessive 

any thing which he wished him not to pad Lottery, and a man need havep-^* 

have done. When the lad was told of ^{^'^^^ with the Commissioners to get a 

this, he honestly observed upon it, that P"^^* ^o*"* y®" know, there are eleven 

he had done many things which his J>'a»ks to a prize ; but if, for three or 

master never fteard rf. This is a proof '**"'' V^^nds, one could come to any de- 

at once of the early report of Mr. Ste- fP[ee of certainty as to the 10,000/. I 

vens's good character, from him who ^n.'jula be tempted to have a ticket my- 

was competent to make it \ and of his 
integrity and archness — qualities which 
never forsook him. When he was little 
more than fifteen, George Home was 
tent to University College, Oxford, to 
prepare himself for entering into holy 
orders in that Church, which he after- 
wards so faithfully served by his match- 
less writings, and adorned by his exem- 
plary life : and Mr. Stevens was at the 
same periodjbeing only fourteen, namely, 
in August, 1746, placed out as an ap- 
prentice with Mr. Hookhani, No. 68, 
Old Broad-street, an eminent wholesale 
hosier, and a most respectable man : 
and in that house, he from that time 
lived and died.'* 

Referrinpf to the article in our vol. 
LXXVil. for further particulars ia 
the Life of Mr. Stevens, we .shall con- 
tent ourselves with extracting a few 
of the many pleasing traits in his cha- 
racter, as delineated by Mr. Justice 

After an admirable letter to the 

self; else I cannot afford it," 

" During the whole of his life, Mr. 
Stevens dedicated much time to study, 
to intercourse with learned men, to the 
most noble and disinterested acts of be- 
neficence and charity, and to continued 
and regular devotion. Of his studies I 
have already given some account, as far 
as his knowledge of lai)guages was con- 
cerned i and 1 have said, hut I proceed 
~to prove, that he was a deep theologian. 
He was well read in the writings of the 
Fathers of the Church of the three first 
centuries: he had twice read throut;h 
Dr. Thomas Jackson's Body of Divinity, 
in three large folios ; a divine, for whosi 
writings Bishop Home always expressed 
the highest respect, and which he has 
frequently resorted to, both as authoritv 
and example, in his own matchless wri- 
tings. The works of Bishops Andrewea, 
Jeremy Taylor, and Dean Hickes, lhos» 
fathers of our Church, those masters if4 
the great art of holy living, those giants 
in religious knowledge, as our most 
excellent Sovereign has justly called 

* Father of Mr. Deodatus Bye, a man of sterling worth and unaffected modesty, 
who for several years carried on the profession of a Printer, in St. John's Square* 
with great reputation ; his princi['al employment being to multiply successive 
Editions of the Religious Tracts circulated by the Society for promoting- Christian 
Knowledge. Happy in his own tranquil mind, and satisfied with a moderate inde- 
pendence, lie has for some time exchanged the fatigues of business for the enjoy- 
ment of domestic ease, and, in a green old age, has fixed bis residence at Peckhanl. 


14S Rmm of Nerm FubHa^tkiu,- ' |Nh. 

th<m *, mra qnite fMDiluir to Mr. 3tB- Tbo*. C*I«Wl«T^M«.UMBWteMh- 
.ens i and there wu hwdly « wrUer of p,rk fron oar toL LxWiTImA. ! 
modern d»ra, at all celebMted for ortbu- The pelllkklioDi ' Ml trijuijl 
doiopiruon»,BDuodne« of principle, or h««. been eimniented itt««rltaMt 
purityot conduct, who WM unknown to MCouot «f hifni hat fM mmhT JuZ 
Eim, In History, particularly that of 1"^^ *; ^""l ■?.\", ^t^^^- 
Aur ownCountry, he was extremely well ■"'''»?'"> tuu Ciraifc*, Mt n|I. 
toforaied i and M the looiety in whicb S"pDef oiHeiTei, -• 
he mingled led him to bear mucb of " Tbe al 
literary controversy, and of the produc- denily witi 
tions of the preis, so be waa not an inat- de«igoi| al 
tentive bearer; but both profited by the Clergy 
tbe discourse, and gcnertilly applied iBO't *infi 
himseK diligently t* read (he publica- •>tb rMpe< 
tlmia wbkh bud been tbeaohjecl of dia* thiny-orjj 
Cuiiioti. Of the opinion wbicb wai en- ClergynleD 
tertnined of him ai a tbeoIoKlan, I can* and certaii 
netgiTeabetterproofthanthstdeelsred lions of Ci 
hy the very learned Dr. Douglai, iste * tavern ii 
Bishop nf Saliebury. When thii Prelate j^hen Tare 
f>Teaebed b«for« the Society fol- props- *>w denoD 
gating tbe Goapel in Foreign Partt;.4 Meeting), 
rMetine ■bich Mr. Steven* comtantly Parliament 
httended, atid of which leciety, in hi* lubacripti'g 
brtter years, be was one of the andrlDr* ; them had 
when tbe other Bishop* werC thtuiklng adtertisem 
hi% Lordabip for hit diieourse, Mr. Ste- all "ho th( 
■ ■veni buinbly, but politely, offered hi«, this reapec 
tribute uF thanks; the Bishop eiprMsrd ing to obti 
himstiir much gratiHed, and turning; to the Fetitb 
the oiber Prelates, said, < Here is a iban, Clargymen 
who, tbuuffh not a Bishop, yet would by a ver* 
have been thought worthy of that ch»- "er* o* tht 
racier in the first and purest agvt of tha ministratii; 
Christian Church,' And upon asimilar. bera for rej 
occasion. Bishop HoTsley, wbo was not f"g the Pei 
fiveii ti> flattery, said, ' Mr. Stevens, a read or bei 
■omplimeiit from you upon lucb a sub- heneficed ' 
ject is of no incousiderabla value."' 

I chariliet, wbich wer __ ^^^__ ^^ 

tnust nmiiberleas, we refer to tbe Petition be 

*• Uemuirs " throughout. iTheopbilui 

Id lomc of bis Letten be meB> opening ai 

tions a circuii|^laDc« which i* Lhufe «reet, and 

ciplaioed ; 'J* "'* '■' 

"By liis man fTimam, this m-rtby ^J"'^^"°^ 

nan meant fdmlelf, for he never had •""P"""" 

IV other attendant. Without the least 

E article of parsimony, he never would ., . 

ave «. «erv£„t, for iio reason*, int, Jf' ^V^ 

because he disliked the t^ubte of itl "»(rL°7f 

and next, because he was desiroua of u • . . -.■ . 

n.,™w. .oSp.!. ;» pS;.iH., ,iu h= ^,w;".,7 S.K;i ■ '^52^ 

Mr. Jones'* Life of Biiho, 
lie alio nfterwanls pubHtb 

misbThXvrthrm^^to^r""^^;."' "^ !■: '*" "^"r ■'•' 'h '^r'-'^ *^ 

badmanyjoke.abont»iB«»»^«fi™. ''""'? """^;" be en«irf .i.. 

using to say, Hm had no mmc fault. IhJi '" ">"fo™ "i't™" "t ti^ •»rl. vt Mr. 

U^,lf" ' ■''"'«». "f Nayland, in 18 ralunua Broi 

. .ij ». . fv f 4 '""•'i'l'he prefixed, life of that faith! 

A well-drawocnaracter,orni«friend ful and venerable aarvant ot Ood (tg^. 

• "Tbe King, who was extremely well read on all these aubjeeta, M»dn a««- 
versiiig with a young Divine, nikej if he Was acquainted with tbe writinngr Aa- 
drewes, Taylor, Hickes, and nCberDivinei of that agei the yooi)gmanan«wered,fa«' 
bad employed bimsetf in reading the Divlnei of more modem tiaM : Titi Ifilwll' 
lilHnly Muwered, 'Tbera were giauc* in thoaedaj-*.'" "TT— V 


(if He» PMicaHons^ 


Ita^ fi«m t«lieCc1i pi«vtoQsljpttblltlie4 
hy him in IIm Aoti-Jfteobin Retiew), 
mampottd in Mieh a style of artleM and 
paclietle religious eloquence, as 4fd no 
iasa boncmr to the. deceased, than to th6 
bead aod heart of the affectiooate writer. 
Mr. Jones was weH worthy of such a 
Bi»srapher; for he was a man, who, by 
ooofltant unwearied diligence, had at* 
feained Mito a perfection in all the learn- 
ed lani^uages, by the help of which) and 
kit nnretnitted studies, he had made the 
twbtilty of all the Arts easy and C|miliar 
to binself ; and who is described by the 
great Bishop Horsley, in a char|fe to his 
Clergy, in 1809, soon after Mr. Jones's- 
deeeasfe, * as a faithful servant of God, of 
wfaon be could speafeboth from his per- 
aonal knowled^ and ftroM his writing. 
He was (said Bishop Horsley) a man of 
i^ick penetration, of eitensive learning, 
end the soundest piety ; and had, be- 
^nd any other man he ever knew, the 
talent of writing upon the deepest sub- 
jects to the plainest understanding.'— 
If r. Stevens was a gpreat admirer, as 
every reader of true taste ever must be, 
•f the biographrcal Works of the truly 
eminent Isaac Walton; and I am quite 
•are that he bed g^reatly profited by the 
frequent perusal of his inimitable wri- 
tings : for no man can read the beauti- 
fol Life 0f Mr. Jones, and not see a 
ftriking resemblanee between it and 
those Lives which were written by Isaac 
Walton. The same sweet simplicity of 
•entimeat, the same natural eloquence, 
^be same unaffected language, the same 
▼ivid descriptions, similar allusions to 
the most striking; passages in Scripture, 
fbine out in evory page. The compari- 
0nk may, with great, propriety, be ex- 
tended further: Isaac Walton and Mr. 
I^tevens were both tradesmen ; they 
■were both men of reading, and person- 
ally acquired learning ; of considerable 
theological Icnowledge — well versed in 
that book, which is the only legitimate 
source of all theology, the Bible. Both 
were the companions and friends of the 
DMiSt eminent Prelates and Divines that 
adorned the Church of England; both 
were profound masters in the art of holy 
iivifig, and of the same cheerfulness uf 
disposition; thus proving, by their faith 
and practice, that true Religion had in 
each of them had her perfect work. 

Both of them wrete at an advanced pd* 
nod of life} and, considering that Mr*. 
Stevens was arrived at the 70th year ef ' 
his age, his life of Mr. Jones is a work, 
of great intellectual ability; and he- 
may justly be denominated tlie Isaac 
Walton of tbe 18th Centuiy/' 

For the present we most take leavr* 
of this very pleasing ** Memoir/' 

S6. InHk^it ffChritHam Per/ecHam, ^ 
Macaritts tht B^ptian, cwUM IA»- 
Gv9tU, TrmmloM, ft9m tke GnAp. 
£y Granville Penn, Ssf. nmaU 8m^ 
jlp. 930. Mmrriqr. 

WHEN men of distinguished iranit 
io life, and of eminence m Sch^ofaurs^ 
condescend to diffbse their ac^uiii*^ 
tiona for the public benefit, they ar» 
most justly entitled to the ouly meed 
they can receive — the grateful tlMok» 
of the literary pnhlick ; aod rach we* 
heartily join in offerio|^ to Mr. Penn* 

*Mt is highly expedient, that we shookb 
ftom time to time throw back dur view ' 
to that earlv period of the Church, iiirheni> 
the Apostolical spirit stjll survived withiA 
it, and when the religion of Christ stitti ' 
preserved in the world its primitive 
complexion, energy, and character. By 
such retrospects to what Christianitj 
originally was, we maintain a perpetual 
evidence of what it really is, in principle 
and operation ; and at the same time, 
we secure to ourselves a far safer crite- 
rion far determini^ig its quality, than 
any that we can derive, in this late pe- 
riod of time, from the judgments of 
private men. — With this design, * tbe 
Epistle to Celantia* was presented to the 
English Reader about three years ago; 
and the reception it met with seemed 
to justify the judgment withj^which it 
was brought forward. A Journal of long 
celebrity has not hesitated to pronounce, 
that Mt is in fact more truly evan^lical 
than any thing which in modern days 
passes under the name of Evangelism *; 
and with that impression the translation 
was undertaken f .* — With the same de- 
sign, this Tract of Macarius, onOiristian 
PtrfectioTiy is now offered j the produc- 
tion of a Father, whose sanctity and vir- 
tue were distinguished in the Greek or 
Eastern Church earlv in the fourth ecu- 

* Monthly Review, May 1815, p. 110. 

•|- *• I think it right to apprize the Reader, that, in translating that Epistle, I gave 
it to Paulinus of Nola, upon tlie judgment of Erasmus, followed by Cave ; but , 
having lately obtained from Paris the last and best edition of the works of Paulinus, 
|>ublished at Paris, in 1685, by Le firun des Marettes, which i was unable to pro- 
cure during tbe war, I find that learned Editor is constrained to agree with F. 
i^achin, the bi(»grapber of Paulinus, in refusing to this Father the honour of that 
excellent production." 



Review of New Publications. 


tury. Of the general character of his 
works, the Reader may take the first 
impression from the authority of the 
learned Mosheim : 'If the g^rowth and 
perfection of a science,* says that judi- 
cious Historian, ' were to be estimated 
by tUe multitude of writers it produces, 
that of morals must have flourished' 
greatly at this time; for the number of 
those was very considerable who applied 
themselves to that excellent study. But 
Macarius, an Egyptian Monk, undoubt- 
edly deserves the firtt rank among the 
practical writers of this time, as his 
works displayed, some few things ex- 
cepted, the brightest and mMt lovely 
portraiture of sanctify and virtue,* ** 

Our Readers will be gratified by 
Home account of the life of this pioug 

**St, JtJacaiixis, surnamed theEgyptian, 
to distinguish him from his eminent 
contemporary and colleague, Macarjus 
the Alexandrian ; and afterwards called 
ihe Greats to distinguish him among 
those in the Church who also bore the 
name of Macarius (and of whom Fabri- 
cius enumerates upwards of fifty), was 
born in the province of Thebais, in the 
Upper Egypt, in the year of Christ 301, 
during the reign of the Emperors Diocle- 
tian and Maximian. Of his family and 
infancy we have no certain accounts. 
The early and determined bias of his 
mind to a pure philosophy, and to the 
sublime precepts and prospects of the 
Gospel, prompted him, when young, to 
repair to the deserts of the Lower Egypt, 
and there to place himself under the 
spiritual instruction of the great St. An- 
thony j the friend of St. Athanasius, and 
founder of the religious retirements of 
£gypt ; whose pious history has beeifi so 
much corrupted and debased.— >lt Was to 
this school that Macarius repaired ; and 
80 great was the proficiency of the dis- 
ciple, that he was soon distinguished 
therein by the characteristic appellation 
of vaiSocfioyiftty, OT the affed youth. His 
entrance into manhood found the Church 
at the beginning of the troubles and dis- 
tractions caused by the promulgation 
and wide diffusion of the errors of Arius; 
which gave occasion for convoking the 
first General Ci)uncil of the Church, 
at Nice in Bith)nia, in A. D. 325, in 
the nineteenth year of the reign of C(in- 
stantine, and when Macarius was in his 
twenty- fourth year. At the age of forty, 
be was ordained presbyter, or priest ; 
and established himself in the solitudes 
of Scetis or Nitria, beyond the Western 
branch of the Nile, surrounded by a 
confraternity, wfio sought, under his 
conduct, the same freedom from the 

tyranny of Arianism (wbicb was then 
become predominant in the Empire)^ 
and the same peaceful and celestial pro- 
spects, with himself. -— Here their time 
wad passed in offices of devotion and 
charity, in Apostolical progresses and in« 
structions, and in labours and works of 
different kfnds; and with a conatanef- 
and sanctity so exemplary and notorious^ 
that some imagined the prediction of 
the Prophet -*'M0 desert shall riff&iee, 
and blosswn as the rose* — to have been 
literally fulfilled in the solitudes of 
^Syp^ ^"d Sulpitius Severus, the La- 
tin historian of the Church, who waf 
but little junior to Macarius, was led by 
his uwn experience ^o exclaim, 'While 
1 have life and sense I will extol the 
Monks of Egypt, honour their Anchorets, 
and admire their Hermits :' an eulogj 
entitled to the greater attention, since 
the same Historian has not been back- 
ward to expose the abuses of other Mo* 
nastic societies. — Yet Mr. Gibbon hai 
taken upon himself to affirm, without 
producing or seeking any evidence, that 
the school of Antony ' was inspired bj 
a savage enthusiasm^ which represented 
man as a criminal, and(?o<f as a l)fra$U* 
Whether the truth in this matter lief 
with Sozomen, or with Mr. Gibbon, is & 
point which will be best determined hj 
the following Treatise i since it is the 
work of one, who was a distinguished 
and an early disciple in that School, and 
afterwards an illustrious teacher and 
example in the same. For, as the 
school of Sucrates is best known by the 
writings of its most distinguished di^ 
ciples, so will that of Antony be best 
known by this surviving document of 
his own school ; and as no one who is 
much solicitous for truth will take his 
idea of Socrates from the farce of Aristo- 
phanes, when he can obtain the testi- 
mony uf Plato and Xenophon, so neither 
will he take his notion of Antony from 
the fictions of Monastic fabulists, when 
he can command this evidence of Ma* 
carius. — Upon the death of Athanasius, 
in A. D. 373, the authority which hit 
venerable name had always in some de- 
gree maintained, even over his adverta^ 
ries, was at once extinguished ; and the 
mandate of the Emperor Valens having 
confirmed Lucius, the Arian, in the 
Episcopal chair of Alexandria, the fury 
of persecution ini mediately burst forth • 
upon the orthodox Christians of Egypt. 
Lucius, gaining to his views the 'Go»- 
vernor of Egypt, and perverting the 
tenor of an Imperinl edict, carried '% 
military force into the solitudes '$■* and 
after indulging his vindictive bigotry 
against the unresisting recluses, hy every 
mode of violence and eruelty, he ba«> 



Review of New Publicati&ns. 


nisbed Macaiius and i^s brethren to a 
j^mote and desolate island of Egypt 
(probably Tabenne in Thebais), where 
lie left them to endure all the sufferings 
which his malignity had designed for 
them. Their constancy, however, baf- 
fled every effort of the Episcopal tyrant 
to gain them to his creed ; and Lucius, 
beginning to fear lest bis brutal conduct 
towards those venerated persons should 
excite disturbances in Alexandria, which 
be might not be able to resist or to 
quell, suffered them to return from their 
exile, and to resume their former sta- 
tions, froni which he had expelled them. 
Macarius reinstated himself in Nitria, 
where he wai visited by St. Jerom in 
A. D. 386, and where, at length, he 
closed bis evangelical course in serenity 
and peace, in A. D. 391> and in the 91st 
year of his a^e." 

Thui much for the good old Fa- 
ther. The Translator noT^ speaks : 

'< In presenting a work of such a cha- 
xacter to the Christian Header, the ob- 
ject of which is to teach Christian Per- 
jfection, I cannot but feel it very neces- 
sary, that I should accompany it with 
soine apology, for the boldness, not to 
^ay presumption, of my undertaking. 
And since I can devise none more suita- 
ble to the occasion than that with which 
Tertullian has introduced bis Discourse 
•* de Patientia;** a virtue in whioh that 
eminent Father was sensible he did not 
excel ; I shall without scruple adopt it : 
' Confiteor ad Dominum raeum, satis 
temere me, si non etiam impudenter, 
jfe Perfectione Chi-istiavd coraponere 
ausum, cui praestandae idoneus omnino 
non sim ; quando oporteat demonstra- 
tionem et comraendationeni alicnjus rei 
adortos, ipsus prius in administratione 
ejus rei deprehendi, et constantiam com- 
monendi propriae conversationis auctori- 
tatedirigere, ne dicta factis deflcientibus 
erubescant. — Itaque velut solatium erit 
disputare super eo quod frui non datur, 
vice langueiitium, qui cum vacent a 
sanitate, de bonis ejus tacere non norunt.' 
I am esperially desirous to disclaim all 
idea of offering this Tract in any capa- 
city of a teacher of its sublime matter ; 
and to declare, that I do so merely as a 
very humble instrument for conveying to 
the English reader a production, which 
has been too long withheld from him. 
The original work fell into my hands by 
one of thcise happy coincidences to vvhicb 
we uuthankTully give the name of 
chance ; and the perception ol its ex- 
cellence presently awakened an impe- 
rious sense of duty, to impart what 1 
bad found to be so valuable : especially, 
as I could discern no prospect of the 

same office being undertaken by a more 
worthy hand. — ^To give a general view of 
the age orf Macarius, and of the Eccle- 
siastical personages and events by which 
it was distinguished, a Chronological 
Table is annexed ; to which I have sub- 
Joined a General View of the Corre- 
spondence subsisting between these Ifi- 
stitutes and the Homilies." 

To say merely that the Translatioci 
is elegant, would scartely be doing 
justice to Mr. Penu — unless we add 
that it is also a faithful trani^cript of 
the mind of an early Father of th# 

S7. ^ Selection from Bishop Home's 
Commentary on The Psalms. Bp 
Lindley Murray, Author of an English 
Grammar y 8fc. iifc. l2mo. pp. 347. 
Longman and Co. 

THERE are few of our Readers 
who haTe not, with the present Selec- 
tor, " perused with pleasure,'* and we 
hope'' with profit," Bp. Hornets very 
excellent Commentary on the Psalms. 
To those who do not possess that va- 
luable Work, or who do not choose 
topurchase two large octavo volumes, 
this '* Selection" will be a very ac- 
ceptable present. 

" Dr. Home's Commentary will be, 
recommended to many Readers, by the 
very interesting account which he has 
given of the pleasure and profit he de- 
rived from it, durino^ the many years 
that he was employed in the work. And 
the Editor does not know how he could 
better conclude his Preface, than by re- 
eiting, in the Author's words, the para- 
graph which contains this pleasing ao- 
cGunt. *And now (says Dr. Home), 
could the Author flatter himself, that 
any one would take half the pleasure in 
reading the following Exposition, which 
he has taken in writing it, he would not 
fear the loss of his labour. The employ- 
ment detached him from the bustle and 
hurry of life, the din of politicks, and 
the noise of Folly : Vanity and Vexation 
flew away for a season, Care and Dis- 
quietude came not near his dwelling. 
He arose, fresh as the morning, to hisi 
task ; the silence of the night invited 
him to pursue it ; and he can truly say, 
that food and rest were not preferred 
before it. Every Psalm improved infi- 
nitely upon bis acquaintance with it, 
and no one gave him uneasiness but the 
last; for then he grieved that his work 
was done. Happier hours than those 
which have been spent in these medita- • 
tions on the Songs of Sion, he never ex- 
pects to . se« iu this world. Very plea- 

J 59 Reviao ^ JNm Puhlicaiiotu. ^ifr ' 

iantl;<lidtbeypaM,an<l'Doveil»maDth1y boii, Aiigereaii,.I)enou, Vntt^ Da 
ana ewiflly »longi for, when thifi en- NetifchitUl.Giraud. J«ni,Ukr ' "* 
gafied, he couDtnl np tiinc. They are Ac. Ac. &c ' ■ '" 

Kne : but tfiey haTe Itft % relhh and a -. > .- 

igrknce upan tlu mind, andtbciQ- 
membraiDce of tlieni ii swtet.! " 

Wc recoinniewA kwUi-4iie '*Sclcai 
li»n,"ud tlMorigiaat'^CvBiDCiUMyt" 

58. Fadt and Oi«era>dttnu am Deer 
G»nplai*lt «»4 iWiMu Diiarien in 
gemtralifid b» iluit.-Dcraitgmukit 
Zf tknt imyortaat Orgait, and of itt 
immtdiiUt or ititiif^t Cawtxiom, 
vhich most lenriblg h^liitnci th£_By 
liary Stcretioni wilt Praclical D»- 
rfuctiou, . draam Jhnu a cbm a»d can- 
tlant Atttatim to thii Sub/'tel m vari- 
otu Climates i cotaiectti fy an ^VP"- 
priate and tateiftjjit Mode (^ lYfot- 

■ tuetit. 'The tvhali! illiuMited and cm- 
firmed by an e.ttemive SeUdian of 
Oita, dtuKtulTatoig tltt manj/ ttriaui .ief, ff. IOC 

■ mKl fatal QBme^aaueHtUirMBa vftm ~„_ t:.!. . 

^»-_ n-.. • «^fab* Wm a/ ttr lUK HUB • 

wrimary Seat ef JUmatr. The Sl_ — 

Md^ion, conhdrrtiiy niargtd, and «»»fj to enter ol 

ad^HanaOaa. JyJ<)lwP«ithbarn, riti.— In UiRDkiDg 

/»im*rly Sargftt m II9 Htn. Eut t° "hom it it \>\ 

.India Cuiyiaar.'JiSmtti:^. I^.jip. 160. cated, Mr. Lewii, 

JL«n(ii»n fiMd tb, prietj, layi, 

-THE Author, of Ihia intcreibBit " It is impocsible nMto.f 

■KvUnie hu, in the preMOt Edition, tbe happineM of apeopl*, «)i 

wettbterrc, liMide* aililitioDal Cat^ MM:)iIrilp kada a willisc «>r-«p -th* 

iBBrtraiii«rflJieiitiiw>|iifl««iiv*ni»d, pet»«ini of big bunUeil ■ulVaak, -Md 

aAded • (ia»t«f . «■> €all-«luM* m4 """''' ■"* PWWf-Ro to •»»:/ tMwh 

Biliary CuDcrelioM, a* a -oauie of of Sd^nce aiid of Ul»w tii-tiJp/WB- 

«,J«,., with -the,. i-port«t r^ ^rr^.'M^rrsr-J.l^:^':;::! 

Hie puiVOH^M ges» 

ral utility." '■."_' j 

^^nirttliTj, "K>'th«t tbTiiIbjwS A Sotood AiMr«u tt ttan^tfMittf 

rafiriii Bod practical obierratinB*. It 
ftppMFi to iM, OB the wfaok; 4aToM 

m* be toraprihended bv the geocral " To tbe Muten of Aea 

Header J which ceiUinW much eq- ■"^~~' --i— o—i — :- -' 

hucei the Ysloe of the WoA- 

59. DW«»nBi« ■faGlr™*««, n. n«f .t'"rM"*9^i *?e'*l>,w«* ■^'V^'^ 

ronlnwjMwoiw printo ^twrii ou;- e'erj- deieriptJoji : ■ .!.».■ 

twAn«T. -< Londres, «*« Bmiaoge fr „, "5" ""* •' 

UaiBon. , Short-Hand, whii 

,i MOST «*.,.«. «ito^ 2f,:,:ss. 

l^lTed bM|[, printed lait jear in also been racbmi] 

Vm*, nod nhkti bai tuo Itn-ougili '^suxt per^ct lya 

•ereral edition, eitnemelj tMefnl to the puhllck (bd 

C«Hkki« iMitori, Oprtow, and ^ Oraminar, ■ana' 

.who nay bcTc a with to dimver the upart prhiitlpllk 

artacrblei «f the erahent men who ropeim laiii^afiei 

ttaTC Bgllre* dnrin| the Freoeh Re- Brsrtitudeandrti: 

•rolwliooliptothhtiioe.* The Header tn them for Ib« 

ittHI be ,?nucb et^ertfiine^, i^, among '"?'* oWiged and 
(khuHj h?J<>pit,«t,Wejpamqi,of H^r- 
tftier,DaTid,Cui>itaatBec>jBiain,Clie A FreGuaof 

nier, ChateaiikriaBt, Csrnol, Cawlw- that tjM.Ai')* 

^■w, BoiWj <'Aa|)a*t'£u'b£ ^ Mar- -AvowoUt Mil 1 


BeoUfw qf New Publkaiions^ 


ill aUfitr ia (he preseot iroproyed 
•Ute .oH Sieuds^apby* One thprt ex- ^ 
trad from it tiuU l>e givea : 

** Hueti Bishop of Afranches, relate^ 
an experiment, bj which be demon- 

eopy of it numbered^ signed, and seal^ 
by the Author's bwil haml' aiid'seai." * 

Oureop^ b numbcrjwl " 6366."' 

A Poem is prefixed, on '«« The Bx-. 
celkiice and Uliliiy of iShorl-Hand*". 

strated to the Dauphin of France the ^hich vie recoEpmeod lo MK LewfS 
posaiknUty of writing the JUad on two t^ withdraw from future Bdifions. ,1^ 
smaH pieM of veUum ; and Ojere is now j, ^^ ^^^^ jj^g ^j,^ Pn^^logae oF the 
€»h|lMted in the Libfwy of Venio^; a jp,^ ^^ i^ 
small, picture of the Venus de Medicis, ,/„ /^ ^i\, , _ ___ ^_. 
which, when examined by the micro- 
scope, !i discovered to be Ovid%Art- of 
Love, written fairiy out in the RooMun 
charaeter. * We- have all seen the Lord's 

Prayer in the compass of a shtpenoe. 
Such fluiitii^Mr, however, are more to be 
regarded for tbeir curiosity than their 
utUity, and are the production of profit- 
less knd disproportionate exertion." 

And another, from an introductory 
portion of the book : 
** Having selected, in books on various 

" For us and for our Tiagedy^ 
Thus stooping to your clemency. 
We beg your bearing patiently." . 

Thus Mr. Lewis: 
"Reader, Jn few words to descry, 
Tlus art's exceeding excellency. 
Hereby as much more writ may be. 
In margin, as in page. you see : , 
And wba^ltit large takes up a day. 
May in an hiMir be writ this way. , 
Its. usefulness can scarce be told, . . 
It is so very manifold ." &c. &c. 

sultiects, divers paragraphs, as clear of These doggrel lioes, however, ,^ 
the prineinal idea of those books as any tract not from the real ment «f 

I could find, ' consisting of near six^ 
ik mu tmd UiUrsy I enumerated the repe- 
titioiiS4>f eacl^ o/ them, aud wrote tbem 
down, and therein made tlie following 
taUt of the number of times each letter 
was repeated in sixty thousand. 



j . . 340- 


• . 




k .. 569 


• < 

AB5I ., 



1 .. 2320 




f • • 


: ro .. J766 





n .. 3908 


1230 ' 



o .. 3970 





p .. 989 





q . . 337 






r .. 3180 

** To. prevent the publick being im- 
posed upon by any spurious; Edition of 

The Ready Writer.' 

31 . JPtt Qmgrh de ^enne. Par M. Df 
Pradt. A Londres, chex Bossange, ifCf 

THIS book has been suppressed iq 
France by authority} and we aM 
sorry tor it; since of all the politiciana 
of the day, M. De Pradt is, without 
question, at the head of those who 
pretend to know the principles upotl 
which are founded the Laws of Na- 
tions. He is a great entliusiast, and 

writes with elegance and perspicuity. 


32. The Congress o/" Vienna. 
SINCE the preceding article wat 

this Book, it is published as the Act of written, an English Translation hay 
Parliament directs; and every genuine been published. 


*^ In the pleasures arising from our internal sense of harmony, there is i^o prior 
uneasiness necessary, in order to our tasting them in tbeir full perfection ; neither 
is the enjoyment of them attended either with languor or disgust. It is tbeir pe- 
culiar and essential property, to divest the soul of every unquiet passion, to pour in 
upon the mind a silent and serene joy, ^beyond the power of words to express, and 
to fix the heart in a rational, benevolent, and happy tranquillity." Avison *. 

S. Tharough'Bass sihtplified, or the whale 
JPractice of Thorough Bass laid open 

to the meanest Capacity ; exemplified by 
short andeasy Rules, tending to explain 
the Nature and Origin of all the Chords 
isnd Figures used in this Science, with 
£xercisef applicable to each Rule, ex' 
trmeted from the Compositions ^Han- 

del, Corelli, Geminiani, Tartini, Sao- 
chJni, ^c. By Joseph Corfe, Gentler 
man of his Majesiy's CMapels Royal, 
and late Organist qfth^ Cathedral ^ 
Salisbury. /^. 56. 10«.6<f. Preston*, 

TEACHERS of Thorough-bass, 
who are content with RaraeaoN thecNry 

* An Essay on Musical Expression, by Charles Avisou, organist in ^ewcastlQ.. 

fiiaC Edition, 1751, r second, 1753 ; third, 1775 : aGerman translation \TXh ^^^W^ 

GisMT. Mac. Februarjf^ 181 6, ^ of 


iSi Reoiiw if N^ Mitsuxd PIiMrMimu; ■ \9aii} 

ofharmon;, or whocmnlUUeafcoot' partoftteworkb'rdMrHUyMittt*! 

the nice diatincrioM of mstbemiBcal it« ^riheMil itierit tiM^B tbMMWM ' 

thmriiK will Sod Mr. Coffe'iliook Klectidn bt tirte *ktMS*/ M fW' 

>D nKfol uiiftanl. Ittoineobatre- ICartMr't ^i:*rtttJh ", " 

■emblM in nlan the mpHcrfieial Imliw 

of IMtquali t a wew AKtion ttf *htcH 4. ittAt, Ou 

44 ba*e nollcM in i fnrmlBr YOliimftt fdutmrOt So 

bat Mr. C.'i ritfci are IcM eln)>iH«>, E-TintuhiH 

md hit exaniplbt for prictlce ant, on " V'.Aw"' < 

eTsrj accoont, preotlj preferable. ""'i''^ !*■* 

II piKseHci, bu««y«r, Ibe comniun TBISmiial 

fault uf iBitiaro)-} bnoki on Ibe'iub- ile. fuf lbe« 

ject — thHt of cnivloyiDg techofcal Foartti &iiti< 

tarrai nhicfa ihoiiU have bMD pra- prett* timple 

Tiouiljr explained. The Taiilt ii Ibe aemblBHeioc 

mere important, beeaate tbe iMrac- 

tioni are avowedt j inteodH for ama- ^- ^^ K^ >l 

lean. Alniort th« obI; |tBrt of hii f^ thrPian 

workthHthaithedigbtertpreteBmoDi ^^ti.f.h 

toBoVeltj.lhefrttilofinoifelhitiftirlj W"- *■*' 

jean' experietacfl in teadiing Tho- THIS Core 

rboeh-ba«i, will bta fobna in Ibe fol- «Qinber uf pt 

Ibwing extract : piaoaforte pi 

■ <'TheoWnileiirtn(oThorougfc-hM» piling U»b 

tl^yera i», that the right hand »hould b* "• •ihort riw 

ept, » mueh as poMibK, in oife 'po'l- """J '»•"» 

tlon s bat, if an 'BgrecAble and ejeeknt K flat, wtrich 

mdMlji caq be ^ine<t by lometimea Jor «f B flat) 

Aoriiif; tbe riEfat hand not more than natnraf. 
a fourth, 1 we no re*Mn wby aach a 

Ubertjr Btiould not b« .taken i for al- 8.' "9 /fiman 

though harmany ataj prodnce a Uarned .ttramp aM m. 

apaiiKjaitiup, yet without good melody Artty/HM 

it would Boon cloy the ear, and ■ leave fanriM la 

the heart ill raid indiOerBuce.' " p.]]. Thai. FoAei 

He derirei all concoidi from Ifae *■ M"-*;* 

triad, and all diaeordi from a chord THEUE m 

of the levenfh, emi«ideria|F the luper- Caoaonelr-a 

tonic of Ihe kej a> the^ndamenta] neemtami V 

bsM or root of Ihe. tnbdomiDBot '1' ai»lribuU 

diicord. "la order to find the/UBAi. adapted to'fi 

menial bai* of a diicoid, Rameau di- ^^ '<> t"")^ 
recta u> to lake the uppcrmnit oftwo 

notei bouad together in diMonanee, ^" , if'lp^ 

Bod place it at the bottom of the SLlL ™ u ,.f . . - -^ 

liarmony<(bord)i then will that note S|XJl ^(i SSJCt* 

be the /.nd«,e.iul h.«. T„i. inge. *SJS^ ^ ^^^"**" 

nioua remark, if we were dwaya lUre . ,**'""'l r^ 

to find the diiiauant nolei turelbrr, J"* ."^^ ft h «N 

would make-anadmirablerDlei but feu'c'l V**!!!* 

tbii ii not tlieCMO; Iherefore, to "'• CWAe. tlw 

form \hh into a more ^neral rUle, I""*" h "^*»^ 

bbasrre, rtiai when the dimrdBnt «Bpwci«htl« 

iibtrt,«re1(bbarhti:d, thc'uodiJrnbto „.„,. , . ?f.. „ , Jil '• 

fcw rigMittiBi. SjiUKi, rte word ur.crotdi'i ttttuiw ■t.fto tanv < 

;«>M. of d.Ull>,.UrMu<>d kj . «.M.B.y5»ll»t~j|Wiefl») 

cadetKe. j). 54; TIw czplinilorT Febmily J> .-.,,«- 

. ' . OTOUT 



Cktpkridffe, Qxi the 20th pf January, 
one hao4red ai^^ . twenty-ei^ht Gentle- 
men were admitted to the decree of 
Bachelor of Arts. The following ob- 
tained Academical honours : 

ff^rofniflert. — ? D' Jacob, Caius Coll. ; 
Whewell, Trin. ; Higmem, Trin. j Gra- 
h!^ip» Christ's ; Cape, Trin, 5 Ebden, 
CaiuSf TaftershaU, Queen's ; Twopenny, 
Johi('^; Hamilton, Triu.; Sheepshanks, 
Tnn.; Tasker, Pemb. ; Smirke, John's; 
Lee, John's; Turabull, Caius; Blunt, 
Jolin'f ; Stevenson, Trin. ; Ker, Trin. ; 
FowfU, John's ; M'Niven, Trin. 

iS^iU0rQp/tifM!9.-^Di Weller, ^m.CQlK; 
Hardy, Pemb. ; Atlay, John's ; Elliott, 
Trio. 5 StQddart,Clarej Jeaffreson, Pern.; 
Payater,Tr}i).; Hudson, Peter's ; Ellis, 
Peter's! 4rainey,Trin.j Wollaston,Trin.; 
Lawsop, Ma^d. ; Haggitt, Clare ; Bush- 
by, John's ; Torriano, Clare. 

Jtawrr Optimet.—D^ Starr, Trm.; Pal- 
frey, Magd. ; Penny, Emm. ^ Pinder, 
Caius ; Edwards,Chrisf s ; Sims, Pemh.; 
Myers, Jesus ; Wilson, Christ's ; Clay- 
ton, John's ; ' Hayne, Sidney ; Luxmore, 
jQbn'«; Bull, Pemb.; B^yqe, John's ; 
Tya«» Trin. Coll. 

The Hi)\})ects for thje Members' Prizes 
for this year are, for the Senior Bache- 
lors, HUrogfyphicorum Qrigo et AtcUura, 
-^-Middle B»che)ors : l/irumGvilati phu 
^iUUaiit an ineommodi afferant lieges, 
$utg prw0torum hpminum sumptilnu 
igiodum imponuni, 

Djr* Smith's annual Prizes of 25/. each, 
to tiie two best Proficients in Matbema- 
ficks and Natural Philosophy, amongst 
t^e commencijig Bachelors of Arts, are 
tys year adjudged to Mr. Edw. Jacob, 
of Caius Coll. and Mr. Wm. Whewell, 
of Trinity Coll. the first and second 

Nearly ready fw Publication : 

Parts XVII. and XVIII. of " Biblia 
Hebraica," by Mr. Boothroyo ; who 
has also in the press, ** Reflections on 
the authorized Version of the Scriptures, 
ReMons for attempting its Improve- 
ment^ and a Specimen of such an 

A Second Edition of *' The New Dc- 
Tput Coramuuicant." The flattering re- 
ception given to this little manual having 
reitdered it necessary to re-publish it, a 
^ight alteration has been made in tfaie 
(itle, to disiinguish it more fully from 
father Treatises on the subject. 

An Abridgment of the late Mr. Ro- 
binson's ♦'Scripture Characters," for 
the use of Young People and of Schools. 
By the Rer. Mr. Cox, of Hackney. 

An Inquiry into the Causes of Agricul- 
turai Diitrcfis. By W. JacoBi Esq. F.R.S. 

A Review of the present Ruined Con- 
dition of the Landed and Agricultural 
Interests, &c. By R. Prbston, Esq. M .P. 

Travels in Europe and Afriea; bj 
Coi. Kratinge. ComprisinfT a Journey 
through France, Spain, and Portugal, to 
Moroeco ; also a Second Journey throuj^ 
France in 1814; in which a particular 
Comparison is drawn between the pre- 
sent and former State of that Countiir 
and its Inhabitants. 4to. with 34 En- 
gravings, from Drawings by the Authoj*. 

Journal of a Ten Years' Residence at 
Tripoli in Africa, from the Original Cor- 
respondence in the possession of tbe 
Family of the late Richard Tullt, Em|. 
the British Consul. 

A Translation of the celebrated Wofk 
of M. De Pradt, entitled ** The Con- 
gress of Vienna." 

Boyce's Second Usurpation of Buona- 
• parte ; or, a History of the Causes, Pro- 
gress, and Termination of the Revolu- 
tion in France iir 1815, particularly com- 
prizing a minute Account of the Victory 
of Waterloo, &c. 2 vols. 8vo. 

A Collection of Facts and Opinions 
relative to the Burning of Widows with 
the Dead Bodies of their Husbands, and 
to other destructive Customs prevalent 
in British India : respectfully submitted 
to the Consideration of Government, as 
requiring their humane Interference. 
By William Johns, Member of the 
Royal College of Surgeons, London; and 
late ActingSnrgeon at Serampore,Bengal. 

Euripides* Alcestis Burlesqued, fiy 
Issachar Styrke, Gent. 

Amusements in Retirement ; or, the 
Influence of Literature, Science, and the 
Liberal Arts, on the Conduct and Hap- 
piness of Private Life. By the Author 
of " The philosophy of Nature." 

No. I. of "Popular Pastimes; being 
picturesque Coloured Representations of 
the Customs and Amusements of Great 
Britain in Antient and Modern Times, 
accompanied with Historical Descrip- 
tions." To be continued Monthly, till 
completed in one volume. 

A Translatipn of Madame De Genlis' 
new Historical Novel, entitled ** Jane of 

Moscow ; a Poem. By Mrs. Henry 
Rolls, Authoress of*' Sacred Sketches." 

Sherborne Castle, and other Juvenile 
Poems. By G. M. Butt ; written at 
the early age of 1 7. 

A School Edition of Juvenal, with 
English Notes (the objectionable pas- 
sages omitted). By the Rev. W.Wilson, 
M. A. of St. Bees' School. 

La Langue H^braique Restitute, et le 

'veritable sens dea Mots H^breux retabli 

et prouv^ par Itur amalyse radicak, par 


on tbe Orif^n of Speecb, tb« Study □( 
t^te Lampusei that lUuptrita it, (ndthe 
Object cantempUted py tbe .Author.— 
3. An Hebrew tiraoimir, faunil^ on 
jKw principles, and nuJ« lubMrrlent (o 
rtigeneralstudyof Langu«Kqi. — 3. A 
Seaes. o( HelirEw Roots, conlemphtcd 
Wt'l" 1"'" pcilit'lples, uid dutineil to 
iacilitaie the ActiuTiition of the Lan- 
guage, atid tbe icience of Etymolo^- — 
■f. ApretiauoaiyDigoourae. — 5, ATrani- 
l^ioD into French of t^e Ten FintCbap- 
teraof Ihe Sepher, containmBtbeCmmo- 
^oay ot Holes. TbkTrsiulattnt.wbicb 
u intended to illmtrate tbe principlel 
laid dawn in the Workt '* preceded by 
ft literal Version, French *nd &lRli»li> to- 
gether with tbe Original Hebrew Text, 
in nio4eni character), and acconpi^iled 
.turf^'Oi'^^^'Ckl and cricioatNofet, where 
.tbe signfficatian of eaeb word 1) pniTed 
by. itt radical analyaii, and it* analnfy ; 
..wiib the>corre(pondiDf Samaritan ,Cbnl- J 
. daie, Syriac,' Arabic, or Greek word. In 

Tbe Rev. Robbbt UvEMu'i " Lexl- 
aographicnl Cltan «f tbe Hebrctr Lan* 
. CuaKe," and aln> a' Book eontalnint a 
Deicriptiun, Ac. The Worlc baa beea 
eiaBtiuedi-and bliihl; approved of, by 
*be late Re*. Pnifeuor Carlyle, of Can- 

Uicful Knowledge; or a familiar and 
explanatory Account of the varioui Pro- 
..ductiaui. Mineral, Ve|etabte, uid Ant- ' 
ma], which are ehiefiy etDp1<^ed for tbe 
uie of Man. By tbe Rev. William 

.B(N<lLBY.F.j:„S., . 

A New gditionr>i<b conaiderable Ad; 
.ditioFiB, oC the rrinciplei Qf nuilonh 
'By tbe Re». W. Dealtby, B. D. F. R. S. 
- '. . A Traatltttion of ■ Selection of the 
Iiette^' at Ganganeiti (Pope. Oement V 
i|V.) By Mt. C. J^METCAUn. , "^ 
. An Eaiay <^ the Beioc of Gild, ^nd 
bit Altribuies of InHnite Poner.Whdopl, 
«nd GooUnesi ;' BtAtin|[ and refutinc Ibe 
- JGoodorH 

Tbe Principle of P9piilatiMi, h ■Wiatrf 
by the PitBtw of Soetaty, wlthKVtMr 
to Hohil uid Political ffinilrimuM, 

Objeccisni to faia Wisdom and G 

from the whole *ut>ieei ,(to which Bur- 
nett'i rirt Priie ^12IM. wai aiOu%ed 
Aug. 4, laiS). A Biofrapbical Sk^cb 
of Ut. Burnett's J^fe W prefixed. By 
W. U Baow>, D,p. Principal of Maria- 
' chal Cullcic, AijHldiMa. 

Cai)udw»(<oM. qn. itht ' RaviTa) of ' 
P«Hry . in furom^.Wid the C^atlteter 
Md ItiautiiimarAwMrAtitUulHMnit 
•/Relixtun. ByVlVWrUA 

[ 157 ] 



' ProCog'os ad Andriam. 1815. 

TJAC Qocie uostros qui revisistis Lares, 

Notique notis latereslis lusibus, 
SaWete — Vobis quas habemus maximas 
Agimaslubeoter« quasque oportet, gratias. 
Keque hoc niminim vus salutaodos mod5 
Eate arbitramur nooiine, qubd CoinoediaB 
Terentianae seinper strenoissimos 
Scbolatjae Dostrae uoverimus vindices, 
Se^ qqd^ spiamus Discipline Publicse, 
£( Disciplinae vindices Britannicae. 

Hoc adeb ex hdc re nobis in mentem 
▼enit — 
Audiqou^ hodie terras bine quamplurimis 
Studium in^essisse commigrandi iu ex- 

Atqne h4c prae.«ertim facere id velle grati& 
Quasi alibi roeliils educeotur iiberi. 
At, O beata carum nomeu Patriae, 
Quisoam ute tandem morbus? Idcirco 

est opam 
Tantumqae fusam sanguinis fortissiini^ 
Tantosqne idcirco Galileos exercitus 
Suoque Pestem profliga?it in solo 
Tottps Orbis pariter et terrs suae 
Arthnrins ille pacis et belli Arbiter, 
Ux mox Penates fastidirent Patiios, 
Patriosjque cultus Britones dedi^cerent ? 
Snisque Patres inviderent liberis 
Moresque babitusque et indolem Britan- 

Tantine sermo Gallicns videbitur, 
Italique cantus'et paies lonicis 
Motus chorese, proh pudor ! Germanicse, 
Ut prisca Virtus nostra, Pif tanque et Fides, 
Levitate tandem atque impietate Gallic^ 
Sophi&que permutandae sint Ger(nanic& ? 
Sed nunc ad rem nosiram quod pertinet 
Vos, O Palroni, queis, opiuor, Patria 
Et qui fuisiis ipsi iunutriti prius 
Paterna noudum sordet Institutio, 
VestraB precamur ut mempres Puer'tiae, 
H4c nocte saltern plaudere baud grave- 
Vel Oisciplinae nostras vel ComGediae. 


"pATRONS aod friends! wbom annual 

kindness calls [walls, 

To view these scenes within our antient 

Receive our thanks, here formally pro- 

fessM, [press'd ; 

Yet Celt by as more warmly than ex- 

Nor do we only hail your patronage, 

A pillar Of support to this our stage ; 

But, thus encouraged, we maintain those 

rules, [Schools. 

Which raise the fame of Britain's Public 

And yet we daily s«e bow many roam, 
RiTf ardless ^f iheirCountry aod their hoae, 

And Tainly liope to find in distant ianAi 
Those joys which Britain's self aldnW cofli- 

Who think 'twere best to rear thlrfr Infant 

brood [good. 

'Midst French ideas of what »s grefct itnd 
Britons, be candid, and cpnfess,your'sbtaie; 
Return, and here snpp'ert your Cotintry's 

fame ! 
Have we for this in war so brarely stood^ 
Our coffers drain'd of gold, our ▼ciat of 

blood ? 
Did WsLLiNGTON for this, in bloody field, 
Un sheath that sword which he alone 

could wield. 
To crush the Hydra, who again urifurl'd 
The flag which bade defiance to the world? 
For this did British valour 'sUblish peace. 

That British loyally with war might cease 

That English manners might be scorned, 

to assume [tume 

French affectation clothed in French cos- 
That sires might grudge lb see their chil- 

dren tread [sped? 

Those paths by which themselves to glorj 
What though by foreign travel they may 

teach [speech. 

The fancied beauties of a Frenabman's 
Or learn, with gUdiog feet and warbling 

Germania's waltzes, oi* Italia's notes, 
'T must not be said that Britons have ex- 

changM [rang'd. 

Those fields of virtue wbere^ their fathers 
To plunge with German sophists in ro- 
Aod ape the levities of fallen France* 

Then, Patrons, who with honest pride 


At vice, though nurtured in a foreign soil, 

Rejoic'd withuiyourCoontry's hpmetorest^ 

Contented to be Britons, and be blest. 

Who still can deign to view this annual 

^ scene, [been. 

Where you iu former times yourselves have 

Rccal your feelings when on this same 

«age, [nage. 

And grant us your applause and patro- 

The Skull and the Custom Housk Officsr. 
A true Slory, 

By Miss PotDBN. 

JOHN JONES was one whom Travellers 
^ fear. 

Returning from some foreign land. 
With goods that British laws severe 

Condemn, and claim as contraband. 
Keen was his eye, his brow austere. 
His mind was searching, cool, and dear, 
'Twas said that he was erer known. 
To make hit Covntry's weal his own* 

' Nat 


Sdeci Poeify^ far Hehmwry^ 1816. 

Nor gpld nor friendship e*er cooMI bay 

One wink of his aoweftiied •y«« ~- 

The Smuggler still, wHh lo^ ftstenee^ 

Saw ruin in his angry glance ; 

But most he aw'd the trembling sinner, 

Who caird him at the hour of dinner. 
O00e a> this hour, with hearts elate, 

A smalt but social circle met. 

That still, to hail the ofaning year, 

Pat took his hospitable Cheer ; 

:»till prais'd his own and huswife's care, 

And Britain*^ old snbsianlial fare} 

And to tbeir King'and Ooantry pour'd ' 

The choicest ale that grac'd the board. 

Already plac*d was erery guest, 

A blessing ask*d upon the feast'. 

And eye and nose, alike replete. 

Gave earnest of the future treat. 

S»y ! Reader, were it not amiss 

To leave nntouch'd a feast like tbti } 

But duty will not brook delay, 

A vessel anchors in the bay : 

Th' unwelcome call poor Jones attends, 

And quits his dibner and his friends. 

But, as he went,—- 'tis 8aid„ before 

So dark a frown he never «K>re ; 

And often when his feet sunk Vam't " 

Xn dingy beds of melting snow, 

Or when unwelcome Auster shook 
l^ull in his fSaice his sleety wings, 

A longer, swifteiP stride he took, 
His button'd coat more closely bri gs^ . 

And thought how warmer, snugger, drier, 

A seat beside his social fire. 

IBIis Christmas log was blazing there, ^ 

There too the fea;^t he might not spare. 

With stately mien, and brow of glooqi, 
He readh'd a cold, and dismal room. 
Alas ! tJioser massy chests porteiad 
His toila wiil have no speedy eod. 
Scarce he retwr^s the traveller*! bow, 
N«r aate liim whenee he eame, or 'how ; 
And while his myrmidon unloelGa 
Witli «sq^r soai the iafgeat bo«. 
He ioM upon 4iif face a look, 
Wbfdh Doee eovhl 4ik«, and few ifonM 
breojt. ^ 

" Great lo)ggage, Sir; hot moob I hope, 
*Twiil gi<f^ H^ fower tnit litde aeope : 
This -elMst ef beMia seems pretty fsll-<^ 
Buiivl^t ia this ?, ye gods, a fikutt !!!"— 
HefMiiffVd, eM lisihrt^aiid eai^M-iiMt 
Were mix'd in his dHated eyes ; 
Surprize at irhat he saw, end fear 
Of what strange thing might fkeat appear. 
The wily Tnn^Uer, «rho4rew 

A prosperous onen from, his eye, 
Fail'dnot the •dvaofeafe to pursue. 

And, drawing jMmr, ffsailethiff veptSNT* 
** You seem surpria'd— I ifooder how— 
I thouglit thii(b«o«e QOakl travel ffov 
Without »JSl§ttU, atbingMQew, 
So curion^ und «o.«B«fiil too-^^r*^" 

, A4^e|Ml is «fff^l^la 'tis.faU* 

iiit inu^AiU mm VmHuhfitHt 


or imiMfbm MMMf^Mt.^'. 

With ttraeh of tCoks ikiTdUiotik 
Our Tratellar tliia remark withafeMi^ 
Though this MM skeR iM^iMr IW 
Of rtbbattdi, at9«l(iiM% iill.'^ll^ #»«•< ^' 
Things that iriteed,; Aa^ibiHin^ii »f l<tttf ' 

Too often lllltbfiWiiHr1>«*" -'"^^f 
« 'Tis <rae» 8ilr,'''#aroiir fglM i i^i »ii t f y 
" This Sknlf tp the utoy »i M i»i igfll^^ f"^; 
Appears but litflete liiipiMrt;"' '"** " '^ ^' 
That oMars the ftiitid,' eiP|»i»ity<j»<ll|^:c 
Bu^ if thif moiDitdrelulliMit' » " *'"3»*f ^ 
Mj>re^certa{oly than act'(# i|MMi»'-A' ^^^ 

The tetilper8,paflsiQiis. anii^iMMildk^'^ ^ 
Of men, of makers, and tf^bMMk' '^^^ 
Point out the prood^ tb^kiadi llM'M^^ * 
And whom to t|iiin» «Dd ^h6MlrtteMi%^- ' 
No book in ynnderebcalt, t%e«tt' ^ 
Will more pemse; or deafer |Maa | • 
And much I hope, Sir, by yonr* j^lMMIi% 
No law deprive* me Of lily tfetodM* v^ r 
Nay! if my art eaa tntly idwar' 
Your temper painted on yonr MWi,^ . 
t speak to' one sedate and iCaldL ' 
By sordidinter^tneve#flwayM| *- ''' ' 
In all his acU upright and tnM^ ^ 
Andsomeilringof kteholairteor"' *- * 
A man to whom I fain woaldMslMitt 
The little that I chance la InwN*.** »-s . • - 

»Tis said, that Vanity hat pai^' -I -* - - 
Hpwe'erdisgnised, hi eve^'beail| *'.- ' . 
that oft she ptomrpta the lietdb'-wWlliV^ 

-^ Fame, i- . :, t ' 

For Honovr, Justice, TVotl^wanld^Mijkc ^ 
Points but the paths by man^p aw wd ^ v : , > 
And spurs to evil or tofbod. / ? ^ y-« 
Hotre'er this be, John iooei^ bnt*^ * >.: 
Some little vapity po8«ess*d, -- ^ 
Pleas'd to be thought a man of ^^■q|ln^i|^ . 
Of prudence, honour, andi d i sai f nJMgt -m . . • 
And, doubly charm*d with aN Iwli^in, 
^e strokes hi^ chin^ and ecMkt-iil| 
While eager curiosity 
Sate gaping in his ear and aye* 

A phBcfa of snuff the Traveller ti 
Then spoke, Jones said, as franra book| 
•• That men have souls. Sir, waa, ' 
A point deckled long ago. 
And i^rn^ Mohammed #ts-la 
For doubting iadios had the vmm* ' ' "^ ^ 
But where this' ao«t Is •Hf^iMe'^ * v . «• 
is still an object of deb*te.r 
Pythagoras, Haller,'^leiH ^^km^ " -« ; 

Yield for its amt^e iM^e the bfnfai|^ 
While to the Chf]^ ijria<« 

Safe WiHis jwovid iu mge mmifi * '' ': 
And some more senaual aahidaidabaMi W* 

To many a aMian tgnoMe 9anf>;' 
Van HetaMat, Aristotle, plaen4l^ 

On* mthe stomach, oae.tha kaMl.' - - ^ 
Wharton, SeheMhammer, %!0|li o^Im ) 
*Tis io.the martow of ttie ip hse ^ 3, ^^^'■ 
Bout#lioe; l^aweif}, aire aacuta '/'> ''^ 
it foriw in 4lm gveat comaMaeaaii • <^ -r ■ 
fleropbilus believes it lies ■..,',« 
Sm^ !» the Praia's «arai;9aaill«MH<ii*«f. 

H :'. V i 


Select Poetry i for Febrnary; I8l6. 


Aii<i Oeitttati Sdemmenng duret ttuun* 

TU in the vapour of the braiO) 

From which M\% leamed friends pretMBe 

Hfe thought it but an idle fume. 

And some beU#ve» with Matthew Prl6r, 

That frqin our toes asceodiog higher, 

Thro* cTery p^l successive Ted, 

Ih age it settled in the head. 

Sbtee, with Descartes, It ukes cofiunaQd 

Itapisrial in the Pineal gland. 

But kitbly, Sir, tny liand dissected 

A Skull Dame Nature bad neglected; 

And to my wonder, by this light, 

The Pineal gland wa.s wanting quite*! 

Yet none, while living, e'er CiHild find 

The skull devoid of sense or mind: 

But, Sir, a Sage of Northern climes« 

The grace and glory of the times, 

Has to our German Savaos »hewM, . 

That not one narrow gland aloae 

Confines the soul, whose parts arespcead 

<Ver the whole region of the head,*^ 

That all its separate nerves diSf>eo9e 

Some separate passina* taste, ^r sense, 

'Twere lung your patience to detain 

On all \^< structure uf thfe brain. 

On Pineal gland most centrical, 

And Hemisphere and Ventricle, 

On Pm and on "DiAra Mater, 

And glands secreting lymph or water.''— 

Meanwhile two men the cords unbound 
Our Travellt r's second chest around ; 
Unheeding they of aught he 'd tell 'em. 
Of Cerebrum and Cerebellum^ 
Broke in — ** We 're ready, Sir — 'tis late. 
You know how many travellers wait." ^ 
"Well, well, I come — there, that wiU-do"-^ 
*< Why, Sir, you 've not half looked it 

<< Enough. Here, Thomas, cord this 

Nor call me till you 've op 'd the rest." 



ipress'd, ^ 
^prens'd, V 
3se that rest. ) 

Well Sir^we see thro' bone and 
The form of all that lurks within: 
The skuU by every nerve impress'd. 
Now prominent, and now d« 
Shews I hose that work, and (hose i 
Whatever in the world of mind, 
Ennobles, dignifies mankind, 
l^inds on the topmost height a throne. 
Or bolder sweUs the frontal bone. 
And this full well great -Phidias knew. 
When gods or godlike men he drew. 
Here Pi^ty and Wisdom sit. 
With Metaphysics, Rhetoric. Wit ; 
Here Consiaocy,, a striking feature*-— 
In front; the orgau of G«*od-«ature > 
Behind does Loftioesa reside^ 
And Prudence dictates -from the side^ 




^ This cireumstanee Ts not n poelieal 
embeUiahoient; it' wet observed «aboot two 
yean stnoe^fty an eminent physician in 
tliifecting the' fcttOMia 'head* 

The orfaiM, Sir, of Compreheniioii, 

Investigation, and Retention, 

(Of which in you I see no want is) 

Lurk in the middle of osfronlu, ■ , 

Arithmetic and Avarice lie 

About the region of the eye* 

Thence Taste our erring palates guidey, 

And Musick reigns, and TbeCt presides, 

And Memory teaches to retain 

Forms, places, languages, and men. .. 

The organ of Address is near. 

But Friendship sknlks behind the ear» 

While cruel Slaughter aits alone, 

Pix'd on the parietal bone. 

Above, are Pride and Vanity, 

In fronts the neryes of Mimiekry. 

The little brain, or tree of life. 

Behind — cputains the seeds of Strife. 

This organ that you see above, 

To Fighting leads, and this to Love ; 

In short,., Sir, from my words 'tw plain, x 

'Tis not the Mind tliat rules the Brain : 

But, tho' to rebel strife ioclin'd. 

The Brain imperial rules the Miad. 

In vain we try to traiu a youth 

To virtue, honesty,, and truth. 

If Nature's stronger hand reveal 

The powerful nerve ** that bids him steal,** 

(No matter where his choice may fall, 

A thought, a lady, or a abawl.) 

in vain may duty curb tlie miud. 

Or walls confine, indentui«e8 bind : 

Alas ! those goggle eyes inherit, 

And prompt, too soon, the rambling spirit. 

In short, Sir, every class andtuatiou 

May spare the pains of educotitj^n, 

Convinc'd they only can succeed 

W4fere Instinct and their Organ lead. 

We kiliow, whate'er, of evory kind. 

Affects the Brain, affects the Mend. 

No wonder a severe contueion 

Should pot our thoughts ia ttrange cos* 

fu%ion ; 
Some nerves are left, unhurt, unchang'd,. 
While some are injur'd, or demng'd. 
Whene'er the Cranium shews- ijnprest 
One organ far above the rest, 
We justly dread, lest irritation 
Should make it lose subordination^ 
And that which, under Genius' name, 
Had led the way to power and fame, 
Should break from Reason's friendly chain, 
And rule despotic o'er the ^rain. 
So near, in spite of all our pride, 
* Qreat wit to madness is allied.'. 
But, Sir, too long I make yon wait. 
The Gtiests are open, and 'tis late.'* 

John Jones's stomach eon flvmation 
Gave to this last asseveration. 
So in the chests, with' sap«t»nt stnre. 
He piHies his fingers, here and tiiere; 
And tho' at last \\q knew no mo^ 
l)f what they cover*d, ihan before, 
Forthwith he ventures to pronounce. 
That nought which Britieh laws denonoice 
The Travetter>t massy tranks conceal^ ''^" 
And asks him to ^rtike his ^itistt. 


• ■ 

. .'. 

1 60 Select Poetrjf, for F^mavyy 1 B pe. 

Frcm the F{flk Satire qfPBRiivij. Be WKid'n^e in Jtlijr wii|)ief( fr^UPfb IfMjj^ 

XJ AST thou been taught to chase the life Thy parse now open ; now torS^jpnitaiot 
^^ upright? Wnd; . ... ... - 

Canst thou disdnguiih Tnith»s diiectiye ForB»wwythruftuimu4iit»erj5ij^f|(8^ 

light ? ^ ^ S>AP^ noi.atter «ealMi?« delniife t^eag i, 

That no deceitfol tongoe nwy cheat thine When thou s^aU tj^ay ,s^, t^'t$ |ff4^ 1 

Or make the base altoy like gold an- By these sagaciouf. iw*«?p4i r^j||TM 

pear? Then may'st than Tnje^po^ ; W, -^^"-^ 

Virtue, and Vioe, which iati the wise d^ _ . Judgment ^m. . ^ ' 

card, c The Prators, and high JpTf^, 

Dost tbAi nocording to deiett regard ? . « TtaoiiAi .04ft1|nMu;» 

' ■ ' ■ * • . ■ I •-. •«! ■ 1. I'' 4^. ^.'^ 

A S O N G, ■ . .,; •,,,,..;.»..*• 

Written for the Day, on which toas celebrated the fhmtOBttitM 4f ike €ldie^ y^Jtkt 

London Institution: • - '^^ .. .i.-. ^ . 

By EOWAID, LOED Thvmow. ••'.•*,■: M*... 

AURORA awakes at the feet of great Jove, . ^. ■ ■ e- » '.-t ,\x . ,.^\- . 

And fills her rich lamp with the looks of hia kHM^ • ■ •• . «-. • ...t. .* 

The Qymn of the Morning flies forth to the gale,- ■•■ • • S • ft-* >i • » . 
Where the Winds* balmy Offspring their Mistseta awaity • m - n ,^\t ^ 

Through portals of amber, on clouds of the lightt - > ■ • .- •i.j i.» Ji>t.'i* i 

They have flown, they hare Tanquish'd th« daaoipoati^ ^Nighl^ ■ '■-,«■«. -i ■ 
And Nature, accordant, attests the fine birth, --• % ». :i' s- i ^ / 

Love and glory in heaven f and praise on the earth I. • .• ^ . ^.. : ^ i;; * 

Whererer the Angel of Morning may fly, . ■ v«' *i • -i ■ • ^^ 

On what streams, on what mountains, may glace hti; pui^jej^v . ifii„r..-vfi'».- 

No Country like Briuin can burn iu her ray» 

No City like London her beau&y display. 

The glory of Nature ! delight Of the World I— - 

By ttie band of Aurora let light be still huHM, 

But, where'er it may flow, it shall neVer attest ' ..V / ' 

Such a mural-erown'd QoeeB» bM tbe Queen of the Wtftt .,- ^ "' * 


Nor e'er, ttU fulfilling ber^duty of'love, ' ; r T 

Without travel she I ive« in the bosom of Jove, " ■ T* 'V-« 

Shall Aurora pour forth from her prodigal urn -': '^T" '* 

The stream of bright Amber, that makes the World bum. 

With more pleasure, more ardour, more love, than to>day, i-'y'l *» 

When the stone of this peerless. Foundation we lay^ 

And cfltablisb a Temple, that, born for all time, 

Shall deliver to ages onr bounty sublime 1 >- >i>// 

■ • » ■ 

•* 1 •' 


O my Lords, my^Compatriots *, from Heaven it came, 

Tbe spark, that awak^mM this bfauMful flam6 ! v . i • < '>ih ?» t ^ 

Which shall bum in puce, glory, and blaze, till the Day, * n^.t,^ .' . 

Hi founuio withheld^ sh^ll at last fade away, i • <' < '#: 

Till Nature dis8alve--.but not then shall dissolve . ' '" ;*'••':' 

Tbe grace of those"^ tbougbti, that tliis^day yon revolve, / ^ ' '!' / 

Wheu, embracing all truth, like tbe Angeb, you glowj '' ' "^ '\ 

And by Science create a new Heaven below f ! /. - ^ r n. i 

O, with grace be it spoken ! and pour out the whie , • - • m r-r S. 

To the founders, that modeled this Temple divhie; n^h/t 

Andpotirout a vineyard, to wish it a date, . * •{ 

That may smile at the mortal suceeeaions of F^, ' ; ^. . i: .7.'. 

Bur, founded by Heaven, by Heaven it stands, • : -it^i' 

An Example of Honour to ell foreign lands, -v^'nt-i • 

And in Thunder and Bacchus this sentence be horHd,*-* ■',' ^'- i" ^ * 

No Date it shai l hats, but the Date op the Woau> 1 ' o^j't. ■: n%4 :% 

Thurlow, londmemit, ■ 

'■ ' ' '■■■■■ '! • ■■ ' ■■ I II ■ ,1 m^m^iJ^a^m^/Li^t^^ j 

* Tbe'tlight Honourable Samuel Birch, Lord Mayor» and Loffd'Ctfriq|liiy^«Mb 
many distiogntshed ^persons, were present. •>> .-, i ^ ■ . 

f It may be fit to my, that, notwithstanding the gypi^eaiiong fai tUf 
Autfitor has not the honour to be a member of this noble InttitoUon* 

[ 161 ]. 



ii *■ 

Pkocbbungs im the FopBTii S««aioif o^ .tas Fifth Pi^uamskt of tum 


< I 

' HousB OF Lotos, Pdb. U of their jiMihse-aad BOimd pflilof, ht re^* 

The H<m8eivet'at twQ« when the' Royal lies confidently on your co-oper^Uon id 

Commitiipnen sent for the Route of Com- ' sueh preeeedisgs at mey^ neeetsacy ^v 

moos. The Speaker having codie into* carrying them into efiWct. 
the House, of Lords, attended by the Mem- *' Gentlefnefi of the^BcMie of GoaiBioiM|» ,. 
bers of the Commons, the Lord Chaiicef- "* The Prince Regent has direciH the 

lor read tlie Prince Regent's Speech, as estimates Jor the pveseo^year i« bn^tfaid' 

follows : ttiefbre yon. 

'' My Lords, and Gentlemen, ^ " His Royal Highness is h&ppy to in* 

We are commanded by His Royal form you, that the manufactiires, coob- 

Highoess the Prince Regettt to express to . meroe, and revenue of the United King- - > 

you his deep regret at the continnance of dbm ard in a flourishing condition. 
His Majesty's lamented indisposition. '* The great exertions which you enabled 

" The Prince Regent directs us to ao- him to make in the course of the last year, 

quaint you, that he has had the greatest afforded the means of bringing the content 

satisfaction in calling you together, 'under in which we were engaged to ' so'' glorious 

circumstances which enable hiihi- to an- and speedy a tenninatioo. 
noonce to you the restoraitton of peace* ** The Prinee R^eatlameoU tbf heavy 

throughout Europe. pressure upon the country ,whie^ suck 



The splendid and deeisive •sncceues exertions could not faii to ph)dii^; and 

obtained by Hie Majesty's arms, and those His Royal Highness bes coipmaiided us to 

of his Allies, had led, at an early period of astOre yoa,' that you may rely on evefy 

the campaign, to the re-estholishment of disposition on his part to concur in such 

the authority of his Most Christian Majesty meatrnre« of economy, as nay bfr found 

in the capital of his dominions; and it has consistehc with the security of- the conn- 

been since that time His Royal HighAess*fe' try, and with that station which we occu- 

most earnest endeavour to promote such py in Europe. ... ■ ■■' 

arrangements as appeared to him best" "My'XiOrd8,'andGeattemeQ, ' 
calculated to provide for- the lasting^ re-- *• The negodafious which -the '. Prince 

pose and security of Europe. Regent annouoeed to you, at the' end of 

** In the adjustment of these arrange- the lasteesslon of parliament^ as being in 

ments it was natural to expect that many pregreSSj with a view to a Commercial ar- 

difficukies would occur; but the Prince rangeraent between this Country and the- 

Regent trusts it will be found, that, by United Spates Of AYnerioa, have been 

noderatiiin and firmness, they have been brought to h satisfactory issue. His Royal 

effectually surmounted. Highness has given orders', thM a copy of 

** To the intimate union, which has hap-* the Treaty which hiiS been concluded shall 

pily subsisted between the Allied Powers, be laid before you ; and he confidently 

the Nations of the Continent have twice trusts, that the stipulations of it witl prove 

owed their deliverance. His Royal High- advaritdge(His to the interests of both conn- 

ness has no doubt that you will he sensible tries, and cement the good understanding 

of the great importance of maintaining iu which so happily subsists b'i^tweeil them. 
its full force that alliance, from which so "The Princ^ Regent hiEts Commanded 

many advantages have already been de* 08 to inform you, that the hO'stlTities- in 

rived, and which afibrds the best prospect which we have been inv61tM'in'tR'i^ Island 

of the continuance of Peace. Of Ceylon, and Ort the Continent df India, 

** The Prince Regent has directed copies * have b^eh attended with dtcJ^ve success, 
of the several Treaties and Conventions " Those in Ceylon hate terminated in 

which have been concluded to be laid an arrangement highly honom-abie to the 

before you. British character, and which cannot f^il 

"The extraordinary situation in which to augment ^e security and internal pro8< 

the Powers of Europe have been placed^ perityof that valuable possession, 
from the circumstances which have at- ** The operations in ludia have led to 

tended the French Revolution, and more an armistice whbcih gives reason to hope 

especially in consequence of the events of ihat a Peace may liave been concluded on 

last year, has induced the Allies to adopt terms advantageous to our interests intha$ 

preoftulionary measures, which they con- part of world, . 

aider as indispensably necessary for the **^ At the close of a contest so extensive 

geoQcal secucitiL. . .. and .momentous as that in which we have 

.'* A* JHin^y^l Highness has concurred been so long engaged i;a lEuro^e, and 

m these measures, from a full conviction which hgs exatted die Character and ihilf- 
jG^MT^MAO^jF#4n<«ry, 18.16. tai^ 


162 ProceeiingM in the /reunt Seitim ^ ParUmnuHt. ■ [Talk ~ 

\»tj renovn of Ibe Briiuh NUhm fttyvaA to toamamj BUckt ba aatUwi m S 
all rormer eiuiple, Ae Prteee B^|«M pledga oi 
eannot bat frel, tlMt imdcr PrtrridMMe prae^cab 
b« it indebtrd for lbs tBMCM abldl ba* Uto, to 
■tl«ndfd hi> excrtidii*, to tbe vltMm ■od nni. of 
fltoineai of Pirliamnit, and to Um p«n«- from tba 
veraDce and public iplrit of Hi* HRteHj'a bad lo k 
fcople. Tba i 

" It win be (be Priaee K«|nt'( OM- AJdra** 
ttaot endeaToar tp ntainuUa, bf tbe jna- Boom t« I 

tt«e and iBoderatiM of bla coodacl, the (aluKta 

bigh Aaracter wbidi tbk Coaatiy ba( ac- befora it, I 

quired amoDnt tbsNatiauoftlie world: fraLi^li 
and hi* Rayal Hi|bDen bal directed na to call; in ■ 
eipreii bii lincare aod eamait Ifopc, that that tbe 
tbe wme oakm amoofitoDrulTei, •hich be read; 

ba) enabled di to luimoiiiit to many pecutiiarj amiicemeiila, aat «al)i.fla»* 
dangen, and bai btoaght tbia eaenlfal rally, but on tbe polMi iD,datatf, t*^M* 
itroggle toao aotpliHou) an iiiue, may they had apptted Ibeir jnd K ia ta , M/to- 
non animate aa in Peace, and induce ui ai thay could, to 0DPMit«|MiT*rimiiH| 
eordiilly to oo-operaie in all iboie mea- and (» tbe> that tbrir «{|h- ■«• |a m^ • 
aorei which may bett manihat our gra- port luob a ijalim nf »i manij ■> nit 
litnde for the Divine protection, and moit be coiuiitant *ilh oaraaoari^, •■d'Mi^ 
^ectuiliy promote the proaperHy aod rank among nationf ■ •. 
faippiDCM ofonr Coontir." Lord HSland agiaed to-^^iitaMlhat' 

Lord a«TduIi, l»ri QrmnUe VLenaoa far ■> it eongraUlatad tba T^nimTtftK 
Goad), Lord Barru, Lord MMettrnt, the ■QceeaifuT Tatour of oar.MiBf, Mi-, 
tbe Biibop of OJbwuto', Lord AWerd, and qion the reatoratioB at |M»«a ,Mt|k, tm»r- 
Lord Ofimlm, by ao additional title, r^ He could not agraa haa«MMal|M - 
were iatrodnced i alter ubich tbe Hooae lhePrinceBa(aBt(mthew«y4<>i>WbW 
adjannied. At five tbe tiaoie «aa tb> family of Ih* Btrntbon* biiA biii^fMMII 
tamed, and tba Piinoe Kefant'i Bpeedi on Ibe tbrona of FraMS, ^.•mMffV'**' 
wu read. heuiTC that «a weis atillMdy ii » MM*' 

The Mirquii of BiinfJy briefly tnndted of armed tracer wbicb waa,<mMi:)ahMi-fc> - 
upon the diffisrent topic* of tbe ^eechj atateorapeuwaf. , ..,. ■'-■r^-.-.u- 

and concluded Btth moring aa Addme, Lord GnuDraor aninefdaf tteJ|Ml4l 
■hich wa*, a« uioal, anecbotoit. aadAddreu; and apn(T*talBlMttMflMki 

Tha Addren wai laconded by LordCoJ- and the f min'rj nn ilin iliiim^ia rfl^ " 
purft. Kobia Earl oppoaite (tJKrpg>l)> ttmMl ■ 

Lord Gramilit ea p reii ed bii nnqtuljfied Mrictcil attenlioa wat to Iw fM to JMl' 
aoncnrTanoa in Ihe Addreai; and treated tional eeoqoaij. -.'w 

h would receive tha natnimani apprvba- The Addnat vaa thcMacml lo, hmk 
lion of Ibe Honaa, He njoioed that tbe dut. 
i}aw war, in which «e bad been qDwiliinglj mum.i 

bivaived, had teroiiaaled in a ancceM nn* In ibe Comaeaa, Ibn waw iaf, H» 
eiimpled in the anoaliDrihewoildi and ^toiir having read itw rii^n ItuwWl 
that peace bad btrcD tertored in away tha Speech, Sic Timmu Jtlamt,n tlttukmt*- 
moit likely to eniure iti cantiauance^ ling at eoma lenfih oa Um. taipoilMt 
the re-eitiblithment of that OoT«tniD(ilt artnUoF thp lakt »bHt IM briUiMrt-oM^ 
in France which by commotion bad beea paigiii and tbe aaooeiifal narik-'<f :tt* 
overUirown, and by violence wai eiciud* leceat segooiatiooe, wnehidai'-ahk wk 
•d. He inittcd that tha detail* of tba Addieu in tba otMdlH«>, _. ; :■ 

^rraagemeuu with Foreign Powara, when Hr. P, JfeUtMa weal ««af tte MM* 
eubmltiad to tbe Honaa, would be found gronndi; and obeareed that, aeMitaiM^ 
tqnelly eiUi&dory .with the acotinenU iag tba prcteU depmiei eiM*' •( 4B 
^^ipreaaed in tbe Speed). acTlcultaial ioteraat. MiijiiKilHifiHwlili 

The MaT9ai*Df ZanwdboiucordiBny ap> eouteitvaa *bcW m augbt UfMnnt'Mr 
proved of tbe Addreae, aa far aa it eon. fallieg inlogtwwiy det|ia>iw»f. . • ' 
IritulatedtheTbrwie upon the iplciMlid Mr. Awtd 1" ml iiiiialu mpliilll. 
focceM with abicb onr Arm bad been Addret*, lint be ae«iillMaA4i rtoliMI 

Srowoed.and thcoverthrowt^BDooaparta. enoagb. Ha witbpdilv HeMM MiMl* 
a to tba advantitgei lince obtained, and Itielt lo aa eaily .ioquin' ^^ *^ pe*> 
the proipeoti bebie ni, intarnil and ei- *ent depreaacd *tato of ibcCowiMT. Vtm 
temal, be mn«t wait Ite that detailed in- MiniMeri bad anWnd.iMo.TNUiai wtM 
.Amnaiion which Uioltten would DD doubt would rcqulie |Jia, fcniJm' ap •.Imk 
;^ib(d,beforeta^coutdesi)r«uhia,Oplai'>D. rtanding eDn J. Ibry lapg^tiBOti !«■ bU« 
.He trnated tUi tfie sUueiea ia tha Spaecli 19 lone da|»j^ Hll.gWMibtiin «f - fM^ 

MIS.] Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. 16$ 

aieiit. fi« cdiieei^fd, tkat the most rigid 
mcettomf <ImM be tdojited, in order to 
telieve the >e9pfo from the hardens thejr 
ilovUblM»ed'%nder. He then figroppied 
itai AmM^ttstht, sboitly emhracing' the 
lopiee h* iad t<Aiched apon. 

. Lord J. RusteU t&f/p(iit\jtA the Amend- 
Ittieiit.'' *Th» people, to relish the return 
of PWiotfi must lasle' its' comforts ;^ the 
tr»pMts . mid Tietbrfi^ we htd gained, 
would' nM eMhle the mannfacturer to pay 
hit taxei, nor^ the fttmier Vb pay his ireots. 
We Hd left TrancA tis powerful as sJbe 
wae in iSie reign 6f King William, and 
with tiM tej^ds (^ firesh wars in her bosom. 
It was mmonmd, that Hiuisters had it in 
eonfemplatibn to "{(ropdiie a continuation 
of thar oppressive tax the Income Tax. 

The CkBonciihr <{f ihe &ccheguer Was 
happy to findth^ Address moyed by Mem- 
bet* of what was called the Opposition. 
As to the dday In meeting of Parliament, 
he would only obserre, thiit the period for 
the exchange of the ratification^ of the 
geoeeal Treaty of Peace did not expire 
tuUil the 401th' of January, and that from 
sisty to fisveinty other treaties and cooTen* , 
tions had been subsequently sighed. An 
eariiinr day; therefore, could not be fixed 
with propHriety. lUiriisters had not 1>een 
ioMiifithm td the distreiwesof the com- 
MtMlIyi 'and he never bad passed a sum- 
iBor^so iittleieisure. ' He then entered 
into anwxpiaaation of the causes of the 
present distress of the agpricoltural inter- 
ests cif the country, which be said, bad 
arisen from the circumstance of an ex- 
dosioa fi^m the Continent having, in the 
first instance, raised the price of commo- 
dities above their natural standard, and 
the opening of communications with Fo- 
reign Powers having reduced them to their 
natural level. The report, that Ministers 
intended to propese nfive per cent. Income 
Tax was correct; and he was persuaded he 
should be able to prove that this was the 
most economical measure which could be 
proposed for the people, 

Mr. Brougham thought it singular, that 
the Speech should mention commerce and 
manufactures as in a flourishing condition, 
when ail agreed that the very reverse was 
the genuine picture of the couintry. He 
tmtted that this subject would soon be 
brought under the consideration of the 
Hon«e. Among the 70 Treaties recently 
signed, he trusted there would be found one 
which would restrain Ferdioand of Spain 
from continuing that disgraceful triaffick the 
Stave Trade-— only exceeded in its diaboii- 
oal consequences and qualities by that still 
worse system of tyranny which he was car- 
lyiag OB against those who by their bra very 
and oxertions had replaced him on his 
Tlmme, The declaration of the Chancel- 
. lor of tho Kxobeqner on the subject of the 
laoMhe Tax, wooid eattse auch an expres- 

sion ^thoot dooni as would mdaoo Hioto 
within, wHo bad. ainy constituents, tox»p- 
poM the cootint^Uon of thi^ most iniqai- 
tous and oppressive impost ^He hoped, 
however, that the war-taxes, and partv- 
cularly the extra duty upon malt, would 
bb repeated — (Hertf'iur.vansittart Mod^ m 
motion <^ dutewt.) He then adverted io 
the extent of the public expenditure j aad 
expressed his hopes, that at least Mioia- 
teirs would lose no time in adoptii^ evtry 
possible STstem of retrendmienu , ' ^ 

Lord'intiiroA declared himself deter* 
iniried to oppose that system, which, it 
was apparent, Ministers intended to adopt* 

Mr. Preiton supported the Amendment. 

Sir 8* Ronully condemned Ministers for 
wayeYing in their policy regarding FcadGO 
according to the turn of events. 

Lord Casdereagh deprecated the prac- 
tice pursiied by an Honourable Member 
(Mr. Brougham) of attacking Foreign So- 
vereigns in a place where they could nqt 
defemi themselves. He expatiated upo|i 
the glorious and advantageous Peaco 
which had been procured, one which had 
no parallel in our history. It was, how- 
ever, accompanied with that partial and 
local distress which had been felt at tho 
cfose of every war, and which must be no|r 
experienced in a greater degree, after ao 
almost uninterrupted war of 23 or 34 
years. Our foreign commerce he main- 
tained was prosperous, the exports of 1815 
having exceeded those of the preceding 
year by 5,300,000/. Though some stag- 
nation was felt in our internal commerce, 
there was an increase of revenue to the 
amount of 1,500,000/. Upon the whole 
he saw no cause for despondency. Half 
the present Income Tax must be continu- 
ed, or the Sinking Fund must be trenched 
upon, and that be conceived ought to re- 
main inviolate. 

Mr, Coke, of Norfolk, said he would re- 
sist, to his latest l^reath, any endeavour to 
continue the Propeirty Tax. 

Messrs. Horner and Tterney said, that 
econoq^y ought to be practised in a cer- 
tain quarter, and pervade every depart* 
ment of Government. They hoped to bear 
of no more increase of salaries or pensions 
this session. 

Sir Gilbert Heatkcole, Mr. Ettioi, and 
Sir S, Ronully, spoke in favour of ihe 
Ameudment, which wi^s negatived: the 
numbers being 90 "to 23. 

Lord Nugent said he should, on Wednef- 
day next, move a resolution of the Houst: 
relative to keeping a standins army in 
France, and proroguing parlianaent for 
an unusual peri6d duriiijg^ the negotiations 
for a Treaty of Peace. 

Feb, 2. 
TTie Chancellor of ihe Excheqiier, in lel 
ply to l;ertatn queslibns respecting \he~ In- 

464 Proceedhigs in the present Session qf Pcarliameni. \f,^ 

come Tax, said, that be thought be sboald 
certainly lay before the House a propo- 
sition tu renew the Pioperty Tax at five 
per cent. ; he should not continue all the 
Jirovisions in the existing law; butjnlro- 
duce certain modifications fur the purpose 
of giving relief from pressure to some 
classes of society, but by no means to 
exempt any class of the community from 
contributing its fair proportion ; on the 
contrary, the renewed tax would reach 
such as now escaped. As it would be 
considered the continuation of a war-tax. 
Its duration would be limited to two or 
^ree years ; and afterwards continued, or 
discontinued, as Parliament might think 
fit. It was bis wish that for the present 
year, the whole of the Sinking Fund 
should be left in full operation for the re- 
duction of the National Debt* 

Feb. 5. 

Lord Castlere«gk warmly panegyrised 
the services rendered by the Navy during 
the early part of the war, and was desir- 
ous o^ bringing under the consideration of 
the House some means of commemorating 
it, by the erection of a Monument. In 
the early part of the war, and during thq 
contest for superiority at sea, the British! 
Navy diatieguished itself by a series of 
^actions unrivalled in the annals of history : 
at the battle of Trafalgar, th^ power of 
^e Enemy on that element became anni- 
hilated. Subsequently, it might well be 
said of the British Navy, in the language 
of the great Roman— t/i^i triumphant n§n 
ifsse Jiabiturus, It could not triumph when 
there was no Enemy to encounter. The 
Army had not shone so early ; but in the 
latter part of the war it had signalised its 
£sme by services which* following those of 
the Navy, bad oyerthrown the power of 
the Enemy — had removed that Enemy 
ifrom the government of France, and bad 
realised to us the eqjoyment of Peace. 
His Lordship then moved an Address to 
the Prince Regent, requesting that a Mo- 
nument might be erected to commemorate 
the victory gained by our Navy at Trafal- 
gar, under Viscount Nelson. 

Mr. Dundas thought the selection of the 
naval action of Trafalgar for commeqiO'^ 
ration invidious, while those obtained un- 
der flowe, St. Vincent, and Duncan, were 
•verluoked. ' 

Sir M. fV. Ridley suggested, that it 
might be more gratifying to the Army and 
Navy to have their acbieven^ents comme- 
morated by one grand Monument. 

Mr. Tierney better 
to have the Monument voted to the comr 
memoration of our Naval triumphs gjene* 
rally, than to have any victory whatever 
specifically mentioned. He was in favour 
of cOnsolidatini^ the gfbievements of the 
Army a»d Nayy in om. Mpnument ; l^ld 

should therefore propoie no addftsft tOillif 
Throne that that noaument sboald b« % 
Church. . . 

Messrs. Dundnt and Banif9 dnpBpfilpii 
the idea of erecting a Church, «» biiaf l|9§ 
expensive. j 

Mr. Forbes recommended tbM tlit- mu* 
viviog officers who bad performed :||m 
achievemenu should be b^Pter re«#iM|| 
The inequality of the offioars of the Kl^fy 
and Army was lamentable juid nolinriniHi 
Many Naval officers bad held Ihe nik Mf 
Lieutenant for 20 and 25.y^ars» wilJ^gi^ 
obtaining any advancefnent; aa4 UMlif 
pensions for loss of limbs were ■•^.•flp 
vanced in case of promotioa. , . 

Lord Qutlereagh't motion wmtt IInmi 
agreed to. 

Two Monuments will theittforH>€4MV0i- 
ed : the Trafalgar one, to nnrnmitninrwfti 
the services of the Navy, aD4 tb# W^taf 
loo one, thfitof the Army. . 

Feb. 6, 

Mr. Law (nephew of Lord Bli«MMHr%«fi|} 
expressed his surprise at some (HMCfyatiqiMI 
made by Mr. Bennett, respeeting tbe Ki^*p 
^ench Prison. 

Mr.Bennetidedsaedt that noOiiag IObi 
its abuses was to be found in ^mf ^rjmtm 
in modern Europe; and bp-parficiilaj^ 
objected to the Marshal e^Mcaq^fiit JMmT 
dreds a - year from, tbe pri8eiMMr^,tlHP0|lsh 
tickets for rooms, &c. 


t f 

. Fe^.t. 

Sir S. Romilly obuined Ipafft lo,J|ripy 
in a Bill making Freehold Estf^tes-liable l9 
Simple Contract Debts. 

Mr. Preston moved for lef ve lo knag jii 
a Bill to prevent the grant of snnnitilW 
sui^ect to re-purchase, in ordef to pHfimi 
end to improvident contracts.and 

Some conversation took place 
Messrs. Brougham and JW, rafpfotiM 
the late sinecure eiyoyed by the fiariLaf 
Buckinghamshire, of Clerk of Uie Qra9^ 
and Prothonotary of the Court .of Kimf^ 
Bench in Ireland : the reseloikMS ol H^, 
IS 10, had recommen4/?d its ajlvolitioa; .iin4 
there being no existing ii|terest« Miw 
Brougham wished to know if it was iiif 
tended to be abolished.— Mf* iV«/,j9(|ii| 
that some regnlatiop «enl(|dstJ«» 
specting it; against wbipb Messrs. pr^fgt^ 
ham, Tierney, and others, prqtefied. . . 

■■I'. »»' 

House of Loans, JP«A»S* 
The Marquis of Laiudfmmg .$fqpif|vi4 
what communications had passed bisiweeii 
the Allied Powers after the Trenty sjf«ed 
at Vienna on the 35th of. Marfbg^.. .f^ 
lative to thet establisbmept' of f.|(prfir|^ 
ment in France, in the event of ^ t/fq^ 
cess of. their arms. ,. . 

The ^%il of Lmrp^ g«u14 POli.fiMi 

1816.] Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament, 165 

mhaX communications had passed j but, 
whilst be positively asserted there was no 
engagement entered into for imposing a 
4Sovermneat upon the French people, he 
Admitted that the understanding was, that 
bis Most Christian Majesty should be re* 
atored to his throne. Upon another pointi 
«8 to the communications had with the 
Provisional Government, his Lordship 
€tated, that no negotiation was entered 
into with that Government ; — *> and on the 
Marquis of Lansdovme observing that, as 
it was matter of notoriety that the Pro- 
visional Government offered to negotiate, 
it was to be understood that such offer 
was met by a refusal; Lord Liverpool 

The Duke of Sussex also asked a ques- 
tion respecting the Holy League, as a 
treaty has been termed between Rus«ia, 
Austria, and Prussia, professing to be 
made upon the principles of Christianity, 
without stating any object. 

The £arl of £}ve//>oa^ admitted that a 
Treaty of that nature was signed at Paris. 

Feb. 1-2. 

Lord Hollandy allud iiig to Lord KiDaaird, 
who had been sent- out of Franoe by the 
Government of that country, wished to 
know from Lor<l Liverpool if he ha<l any 
objectiMQ to lay before the House, the cor- 
respondence which bad passed betweett 
the French Government and the British 
Jtfinisier on that subject. 

The Fat 1 of Liuer/xTo/ replied, that the 
French Government was not responsible 
to any other Government for sending 
aliens out of its territories. The same 
right was exercised in this country, by vir- 
tue of the Alien Act. By refusing the 
documents in question, he wished it not 
to be inferred that any charge existed 
against Lord Kinnaird. 

Lord Holland professed himself to be 
Satisfied. [Lord Kinnaird appeared at the 
Bar, conversing with several members.] 

Lord Holland observed, that, as the 
Treaty of IB 14 must be considered as the 
new basis of the arrangements of Europe, 
and that the Treaty of Utrecht and the 
subsequent Treaties were superseded by 
it, he wished to know whether any stipu- 
lation had bet n made to prevent the 
branch of the Bourbons on the throne of 
France or Spain from succeeding to the 
throne of the other branch, on the failure 
of direct heirs j an object which had for- 
merly cost ihist country an immense ex- 
penditure of blood and treasure. 

In the Commons, the same day, the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer observed that 
the only matter he had to propose was' the 
providing for the outstanding Exchequer 
Bills, to complete the provision for 12 
Billions and a half of Exchequer Bills, and 

td provide for four millidus and a half af- 
terwards issued, and which were now nearif 
becoming due ; and 6nally to call on the 
House to provide for the bills issued m 
consequence of the grants for 1815. Urn 
had no other immediate gnhject to whidi 
to call the attention of the House; but, af 
it was expected by some he should corn* 
mence the consideration of the subject «f 
Supply, by stating what he intended t# 
propose as measures of finance, he sh'mld 
offer some statement of his views. Look- 
ing at the customs for the year ending 
18 15, they produced 1 1,590.000/. ; for tlw 
yearendtngl816, 10.487 000/. The HooM 
would, however, recollect the expiral of 
the war-taxes on tannage, which prodaoed 
600,000/. or 700,000/. In 18U the ex- 
cise produced 25,145,000/. and for 1815» 
26,562,000/. an increase of 1,400,000/^ 
over the preceding year. No particular 
means operated last year, except what 
concerned licenses, &c. The stamp duties 
for 1814 produced 5,598,000/.: for 1815^ 
5,865 OOOi. A considerable increase m. 
duty had no doubt taken place, but lie 
oould not just then ascertain aocurateijr 
to what it had amounted. The post-office 
liad produced for 1814, 1,450,000/.; for 
1815, 1 ,548,000/. The assessed taxes pro- 
duced in 1814, 6,400,000/. ; but there was in 
the last year a diminution of afoant200,000/. 
For 1814 the property -tax produoed 
14,200,000/., and for 1815, 14,300,0002. 
making an increase of 100,000/. The for 1814 produced 1.059,000/./ 
in 1815 it was 1,179,000/. The total re- 
venue for 1814 was 65,430,000/.: for 
1815 there was an increase of about a 
million. He had great satisfaction in 
hoping that the branch of the revenue 
arising from the assessed taxes would con- 
tinue to flourish, and might be safely 
reckoned upon. Of last year's grants 
there were 21 ,000,000/. due for past expenw 
diture, and which formed no part of the 
supplies wanted for future exertions. By 
this means what was previously due had 
been all discharged. But on the 5fh of 
Jan. last, the unfunded debt bad been by 
these liberal grants still reduced by 
21,000,000/. There was last year a re«. 
dnciion to the amount of 41,500,000/. 
Navy debts had also undergone a reduc- 
tion of from 6,000,000/ to about 5,000,000/. 
If he looked to the amount of our manu- 
factures exported, he found it, in the 
quarters ending October 10, 1814, 
37,167,000/.: and at a similar date in 
1815 the aqnount was 42,425,000/. The 
House would have time and opftortunity 
to peruse and examine the particulars. 
Me should, for the present, merely advert 
to one or two of them. Of cotton goods 
we exported, in 1814, to the value of 
13,169,000/.; and m 1815, 15,372,0«0/. 
Of linens id 1814, 1,100,0001. and in 

166 Preeee^jtgt in the preient Sesthn ^PttrUameii. 

1815. 1,S4O,O0lU. Of woqIIcdi ia )S14, 
6.000,000t odd/ Bod in IBIS. «,(n4.000i. 
Havinr M r'cnrtl]' exeitad all Owfrntd- 
trnra 01 our natiouil ilrmrifl, the Houm 
will be fr^nent^ Uii* Miiioii oilled Jo tb* 
impoitaDlcoTuidemtoa of our floanoial »!• 
fain. Of I hai iiluilion he wiibed, •■ alnrlj 
■(heeouUI. to Mate bit oBugeafnl ritmt. 
The K(e*te>t dlfflcbliiu letnied'to muk 
from tbr low price al if ricnlUiral prQi]iicie> 
n* nt— the reitrmiMd inlemonrH.' vitk 
lfaeCaiitiiiaBt,«lttithe preearioaMWM af tbf 
auppDci of com daritej liom rhanrf ' rht 
eantiant pirtcbaMi' di«|£ bj pweniDAit 
Im the Artn* and NtT;^a«d tbe ooea- 
tbnal dread of a MBTcilT— aUtboaMd 
oparated to ralie tbe price* ta ■ ^iprapor- -. 
lionata beigbt; butlbey had, at IhaHBt 
time, the effect of itimalB^af aiiicBlM- 
ral exertion. After the eoMlaiiaB of tbt 
Peace in 1B14, theae oaoaai M iongfi 
•xiited, and prieei fcH. HadTsrliamint 
ioterpoaed with the 0>ni Bill, or »aj 
Mher protactlni meaiure, at an aatlier 
fterfod than bit jear, the di^raaiof tf> 
fbcttnow M mnchblt, mwld.'not Mtn 
taken place. Bat Pariiament did not hi- 
tarpau until aftet-the intereta of a^ri- 
cnlture bad received a blow froaa which 
it did not recover. Hie coantry waa now . 
in a giluation in which the fall of pricei 
fUl vetf leiertljOD all thoae bnnchea 
wbic^ •opplicd the airicultural iuteretta. 
^ia.wB* likely U-oontinne nntil a dinii- 
anttoq^dMMndaltpald produoe a diaii- 
Mtioa nf price.' A great rarietr of n- 
^taliet tor theat ipoonvenieiioea bad beaa 
hotb pnhliclr and piivalelf Mifstated; 
bat be did not than iatoBd lo dMil upoa 
them. .One bMWotabla OeaUentM had 
AMa. U b* (tha 
^dloriif the fiMbHMt) abnU (act 
that the pnaent diMolliea wen lihalr w 
continoe long, and if no other aod belUr ' 
Tqaedr offand, be ahanld sot treat that 
•uegeation lightly. The reaoditt to 
wbich he now directed fail altention. con- 
liite^ in ibe djmimition of tixca, aad ia 

ipnblic credit. The lattur »eemel at pra< 
«ent ^ tnort importuit and preaiiag auli> 
JKC. , If be ,|ni(bt uaa a familiar, aad 
pffluiiu rvatfi Tolgar illwtiation. be 
wonijl (oppMB that areej mao Ibe 
banntry, great and nnalt, abould ■ 

guIiMB io bii pocket to-morrow ._ 
(bltg%0 H" >M!" it waa • 
apjMoeipaa iiaufk)t bat 
^l^:*moaBt t* l j nillich.^ ,-,, e. 
gmd^ wonid-bare m> ■piy ww— of pt^- 
iof* debt of ICU. Ibw wit.jtMpatt. It 
wonUbe alopgiUmt-Wara ihwa^iuiiwa 
conU be colleaiMi Umf)*'' A>r uanfiUAp*- 
n&iBL -Jt wwM IW mtuim^'if »H 
uooM all be bBuq^V M, opoa Jo*)v.«M"^ 
try bankij fbr than ajl migin tM,aa( 
■Uidated, agricnliiiPB tpTi|nnle4 ^- 

1 S 1 6. ] Proceedings in the present Session of Partiament. 167 

woald begin with the Naty. The oumber 
of semmen which he would propose for 
maDQifig the Navy weaM be 3S,00O. In 
the Peace that occorred after the contest 
with Amefica, ihe number was sometimes 
18»000, and sometimes 20,000. The ordi- 
nary and extraordinary expenses of this 
establishilient he would estimate at 7 mil- 
lions sterling. He did not think it necessary 
to enter further into details concerning the 
Navy; bathe wwuld be a little more particu- 
lar with regard Xt the Army, as the subject 
woold not come regularly before the House 
for some time. He begged gentlemen to 
bear in mind, that in our former estimates 
of the Peace establishment for the Army, 
the force kept up for Ireland was never 
Included. On the present occasion, he 
would state the estimate for the whole em- 
pire. For Great Hrttain, Guernsey, and 
Jersey, the number of troops proposed to 
be kept up would be 25,000 men : and for 
Ireland he likewise proposed 25,000 men. 
(Hear, hear!) There would be 3,000 
required as a floating force for the relief 
of foreign garrisons, and for other inci- 

dental purposes. The army to be em- 
ployed in France, the Right Hon. Gentle- 
man stated at 30,000. He then detailed 
the following numbeipsfur our Colonies and 
foreign dependencies: forOibratar, Malta, 
and the other British garrisons in the Me* 
diierranean, 11,000; for British America, 
including Canada, Nova Scotia, and tha 
Bermudas, &c. 10,000; and for our West 
India colonies 13,000, incloding in thit 
estimate 4,000 for Jamaica. Since the 
year 1792, we had increased our posses- 
sions in that quarter to a great extent^ by 
adding several islands to onr dominions ; 
and this additional force would appear 
small in proportion to the number of gar- 
risons te be maintained. The Cape of 
Good Hope would require 3,000, and Cey- 
lon 3,000 troops. The garrison of St 
Helena might be sUted at 1200 — the forca 
on the coabt of Africa 1000— and of New 
South Wales 800. The total of the mi- 
litary force upon the British and Irishi 
establishments woold, accortling to thes^ 
estimates, amount to 99,000 men. 
(To be continued.) 


(From the Moniteur,) Pom, Jan, 19. 

" In the name of the most Holy Trinity, 
the Father, the Son, and the Holy Gbost, 
this day, the dilh of December 1792, I 
Looia.the XVIth of the name, King of 
Franoe, having been for mure than fonr 
months imprisoned with my family in the 
Tower of the Temple at Paris, by those 
who were my subjects, and deprived of all 
communication whatsoever, evtin since the 
11th instant, with my own family ; more, 
over, being implicated in a trial of which 
it is impossible to foresee the issue, on 
aoconnt of the passions of men, and for 
which no pretext or means can be found 
in any existing law ; having only Goo for 
the witness of my thoughts, and to whom 
I can address myself, I here declare, in his 
presence, my last Will and sentiments. 

" I leave ray soul to God, my Creator. 
1 pray him to receive it in mercy, and not 
to judge it according to its deserts, but 
according to those of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, who offered himself a sacri6ce to 
God his Father, for us men, however un- 
worthy, and for me the most unwor- 
thy. 1 die in the union of our mother, 
the Catholic, Apostolic and Roman Church, 
who holds her powers by an uninterrupted 
toocesston from St. Peter, to whom JbSus 
CaaisT entrustpd them. I firmly believe 
and acknowledge every thing contained 
in the commandments of God and the 
Church, .the sacraments and mysteries, 
such as the Church teaches, and hath al- 
ways taught them; I hare never pre- 
tefided to mske myseif a judge of the dif- 
frrtut modes i>f explaining the dogma's 

which divide the Church of Jesus Cbris^ 
but I have conformed, and will always 
conform, if God grant me life, to the de-> 
cisions which the higher Ecclesiastics of 
the Holy Catholic Church give, and shall 
give, conformably to the discipline of this 
Church followed since Jesus Christ. I 
lament, with all my heart, our brethren 
who may be in error, but 1 pretend not to 
judge I hem, and I love them no less in 
Jesus Christ, according to what Christian 
charity teaches us ; I pray God to pardon 
me all my sins ; I have endeavoured to 
know them scrupulously, to detest them, 
and to humble myself in his presence. 
Not being able to avail myself of the mi- 
ni>try of a Catholic Priest, I pray God to 
receive the confession which 1 have made, 
and, above all, my profound repentance 
for having put my name (though it was 
against my will) to acts which may bt 
contrary to the discipline and belief of the 
Catholic Church, to which 1 have always 
remained sincerely united in heart; I 
pray God to accept of my firm resolution, 
if he grant me life, to make use as soon 
as I can of the ministry of a Catholic 
Priest to confess myself' of alt my sins, 
and to receive the sacrament of repent- 
ance; I request all tho^e whom I may 
have offended through Inadvertence;' for i 
do not recollect having knowingly offend- 
ed any one, or those to whom I may hava 
given bad example or Scandal, to forgive 
tne the evil whibh t,hey thmk 1 have done 
them. ^ ;' ' 

*» 1 e^ntr^at allcbaritabte persons to jo*^<l 


TaUnnetU o/" Looii XVL 


tbtir prayer* with miM, to obtain of God 

the pardon of. nrr^'J»^ ;, ii - ■ ■ ,r 

" I TorgiTe vilh all Aiy beart,'thiue<ino 

bav«jiwl«lt^«lMl««*4>$ •^eoi" ^i*"- 

toAl fns Ooi.t^,fBfgiv« fitm, a«r««U,: 
aijUi^M. ihOfljiltfUHsb > Ww »r jsiatakqa . 

•(^ .fi«caBmfa4 t>i CM. "w ^ifc. »J" 
rIiiV<rV4«J>>;i«i*MTt V]i,brpil)vn, ud ■)■' 
tbawoba a>5 *UMJk<d ta on b]r tbe tJM 
oTblaod, pr iD.ajtr ^bar naaict abatao- . 
ever. J jiraji, .Cod,',puti<;Hlarl]r to kwkr 
■lib >!te C]re*..irf isvor <"■ B>; "i^i IIV 
children, anil m; Mttar. oho bB*a lone 
bcfil xitt„-fii>fUift» of Df. •nSBiiopi to 
■u^aiA tbem by btf grsce, if ik*j iboald. 
loietoe; and ■> long ■■ Uiar ^''l ''■■■•io 
iaiitii pci lib able world. .1 lecamoHndnr' 
ciu^ealaiOToifei 1 b))Tene*«idaDbMd. 
lHrmatenM>ltMidenie» for tbem. lAcom- 
m^l ^ be^ above all. lo make tbam good 
Cbciiiiaa^ aqd bose^ mrmbet* of m. 
ciK]',! -'<^ ntfke them iiMuiiltr the grand- 
curs 'of th'u WatU, .if lity are Gopdtiaiied 
to prore them, but aa thtilg^ dangeroui 
and perishX^le, and lo lutn their «ie*f 
lOVpras^ibe^'niy abif iblldslorf ofeteri^i-^ 
ty. I requlcii my liiler to coritrnue her 
children, jtsA d 
tbey ahould have the 

nho are UBfMtantftgrHWMdnH. -' 


tr notbHg 
iti thhilfa the hci any' 
tbing^ reproaob henelf with, 

"I ^mattly recommetid to'mf chil. 
dren, next Tb itieir duty lo Sod, vbich' 
tbey Aught 10 jtiattr to Aery thing, ta 
maminin nfntaal ilp'mtl, lubmlUiDB and 
obediroce lO the h* mbthe)-, and ifrititude 
tor all the carri which sTM ibcUnRn-thitti 
and in ttifrri^fy of nte.' 

" I >nlr(Bt thenr to CMi'idet tUf liittf 
ai a Mcund oratbeT. I rccomifiMid (0 iaj 
aaii, K lie iHould h^Td tha rinidbrtuneW 
becoiittKin^, to thidk'tttit^ OM(hh>- 
■clf eDtitely til the happititA tiT hh Mlo«- 
eitlzcoki ihatbcoMtHt'tafMMtMllbKMtf 
atAI resenttneht, and ealie«1«fv-tbH%McIt 
reUtet to the mltA>rtDn'<!i ind nhcsiiMn 
which t tvperitnce; tb«t Tie Mnlibt ^iro^ 
mtw the fMS '6f itte people, Mil by-rrign- 
ing scconiiag la ibt liih;' bftt, at'the 
Mme i\ibv, that a'Ktnf eaunot DiAe'the 
liwt TUs^citd, and do tbV gbod be 
«t*bea, bat in'pMpoitMi'M'lie tats-tba 
WcesHrr aiAhorityi anS ttkC, witHont 
dill, buing fettered in' bis operations, and 
inspiflng no respect, he'fi owre iBjuifcut 
tfMn tietui. I r«cDmm*nil to Bty ion K) 
take clre of all the penou* who itere at^ 
•ached to tne, a* Tat ai hii circnmiiahFea 
(ball five bjm thie OKMisi to Ihiiik-Uiit 

«h«,l, aiid Drieze, fo r _, 

ttlaakK|ai>d the e^tMiIoi^-tirrif 
biliry, thrall ibe cif«' knd* alT'lfl' 
whii!htB*ytooifotni«. ■ '■•' ■ 
' " leoDdutbbydMlari^it, WklKji 
Bof rkadylo «|ipp|lr beftJ^ HTft.'W 
reproach dlyilelf irFlb ntmi'tanSr *__ 
irhich ar< alleted Igaitil ihi."' '"'V ■^' 

■ ■• r»Ba a bapircite'fc'itfrtfc^ 

The Temple, BeOembtrJSiTfSt* ""■*"** 
*(!%ni!d) *' '" 

i *69 i 



fnr t6e Paris p^pets of Ihe 21st fiist. 
the ntcW ihC^^esfiti j Article relates to A 
d^>c(fAteAYWfiidb HAH be^n broa^bt forward 
aft^f tweilty-fbuy years'^ coDceatmeDt It 
i^ the will, a letter, And sovbe hair oftbd 
Ute Queed of France, and of Lotlis XVI, 
Thty were fbund airibng the papers of the 
Er-Coav^ntionalist, Courtois, wliois lately 
dead; and have been recognized as ge- 
nuine by all thft Royal Family. How they 
came into Courtois*8 possession is not 
stated. He voted for tb^ death of Louis 
XVI. and was afterwards inember of the 
Council of Ancients and of the Tribunate. 
He was one of the richest proprietors in 

The will of Marie Antoinette, Queen of 
France, Archduchess of Austria, widow of 
iouis XVI. is (fated from the Conci^rr 
gerie, Sept, 5, 1793. That Princess de- 
signates, for the special executor of her 
intentions, the Abb^ Edgeworth de Fri- 
niont. After prudent advice given to the 
King Louis-Charles her son, whom she 
recommends to the generous cares of Ma- 
dame Elizabeib, shie adds— « Though I 
would have wished the Princess Marie 
Theresa, my daughter, to marry an Arch- 
duke of Austria, her cousin by the mater- 
nal side; yet, as it was the wish of the 
late King my husband, that she shoufd be 
united lo the Duke of Angouleme, the son 
of the Count d'Artois (her uncle), I re- 
quest my son (the King Louis-Cbarles) to 
ful6l this wish as soon as my daughter 
sliall be in a state to accomplibh it on her 

Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, 
aPierwardji thanks Madame Elizabeth for 
the boundless friendship which she had 
shewn her, and for the generous care she 
iiad be>towed on the children of Louis XV 1. 
•* If oiy sou,'' tlie Queen adds, '* be de- 
stined to live on the throne, I request my 
sister to direct him, at least in the first 
measures of his administration. If he be 
condemned to pass in chains the mourn- 
ful days of his childhood, and the stifl 
more hitler days of bis youth, 1 claim from 
the goodness of my sister the assuaging of 
His sufferings." 

It IS impossible (says a Paris paper) to 
refrain from tears on reading this passage, 
which we have repeated as correctly as 
our recollection would permit. The feel- 
ing experienced could uot be less pro- 
found, on seeing a Queen of France be- 
queathing by will the only property which 
then remained at her disposal; — to her 
unfortunate family, a lock of her hair and 
of the hair of her royal consort; to the 
Duke of Penthievre the portrait of his 
dangiiter, the Princess Lamballe : to her 
tisKT. Mao. February, 1816. 


brother, the Emperor of Germany, the • 
portrait of the Duahess of Mecklenburgh. 
She prays her sister, Madame Elizftbetb* 
to accept as a pledge of remembrauce, a 
copy of ttie Travels of the young Ana- 
charsis, which she had received from M. 
de Frimont. To that worthy Minister, a* 
a testimony of her gratitude, she left only 
the trouble of executing as well as possi- 
ble her last will ; adding these words— 
" Hearts formed like his need no other 

The Queen closes her testament by 
thanking Madame Richard, the wife of 
the keeper of the prison, for the good 
conduct she had observed towards her, and 
Madamfi Harel, who had served her with 
zeal. To the one she gave a portfolio and 
two crayon drawings ; to the other a purse 
with six louis. After making several other 
dispositions, which shew the greatpess of 
her soul, she asks pirdon of those around 
her for the trouble she bad given them^ 
and sincerely pardons her persecutors. 
Her last thought is for the happiness of 

In a late Paris paper a remarkable ar- 
ticle appeared, censuring in strong and 
pointed terms the proceedings of the 
Ultra- Royalist party in the Chamber o( 
Deputies, on the subject of restoring to 
the Clergy the unsold property that for- 
merly belonged to that body. Those pro- 
ceedings, the Journalist says, have spread 
deep and general uneasiness. Should the 
project of restoring to the clergy the pro- 
perty in question be adopted 'by the 
Chamber, there will be a deficit of ninety 
millions in the budget of the present year. 
Measures of severity are threatened against 
such of the priesthood as married during 
the revolutionary times, and thus violated 
the well-known discipline of the Catboli« 

The Paris papers are chiefly occupied 
with debates in the Chamber of Deputies ; 
but the discussions are tiresome in the ex- 
treme, vapid, and spiritless. Each De- 
puty who addresses the Chamber reads 
his speech; and, as they extend in gene- 
ral to the leng^th of a pamphlet, not more 
than two or three of these drowsy lucubra- 
tions can be read in a day. 

A Committee of the Chamber of Depu- 
ties has been occupied in an important 
question regarding the law of elections. 
Instead of the existing old Conventional 
plau of one-fifth of the Members going out 
every year, it is proposed to report to the 
English system of total renewal at the 
end of a certain number of yean. Amongst 
other advantages which would arise frook 
this change, it is observed, that a general 
appeal to the Nation, which ynih us lakes 


' dhttraet ^ Fortign Oceurrenees. t''^' 


Abstract of Foreign Occurrences. 

childiea Ut^ eatato «hi«b Ibv HirA^ 
posMued ID Um UAiJtoriA thal'irv iKt« 
uniler the dominioa' '# Amtm i'\iA of- 
tgtiaf tMrcltf Mii «hiUKa •' KiidetlM in 
hiiSUM*.- ■■'■■■-: ■•■ ■ ■■■■ ■;- ' 

Thai FrMdi- BMMjli *ha tpara«d af 
Baeiu]iBtte44ka04* GMeoratt, iBtf UtAc 
ntxtgB te l^dilua'a te^'fun^iace; 'Mt^ 
bwNi i^itoml io''Uieiv 'Bltfn^rftU.*-^ 
Tfaoae, ott^ the ceotntir, vfaA itiUi-ribt<( 
to that laKramnil, hBM"geueMui<Tgi*ed 
io thaif »eiigii«tioa !" in blhnwOnli, thi^ 
hare beep itnoiiMed. 

The Dutfili.papcis itAle,. tb>t C»iiiW> 
ceres T«niaini .kI Bru$iuli, ui4 Mi Ob- 
Uioed permiuioa (o rcfidp foi tutaa tioM 

nU 13 or IS'Freiicli OttMratft and ium. 
ricT oAcBri; >aai* of ■ham »w jncludail 
in Lhe King'* OtdiniinEe, and otfa^ Iu|T« 
left FrsnTc oul of jirecamion. 

The Duke of W«lIinro% it !• aaid, in-' 

tradi to build a Jifodioma ehatsanan tb* 

eitate preieated Id bin by lie Qmm^'- 

mcDt of the SHbeilujdi. -, 


The Kio; hu candeained HftecD mare 
PalrkHi to fiiieB. baniihoimt, &c. The 
irDlSDCea, all vritlea bf the band of'hii 
Majeaif , have been pagied on caiea, the 
fieatsr number ef which werB nntproeed; 
and, amoDg others, that of U. Maaaet 
Perez llaoiajo. one oF the rdilori of a 
perimlical paper called the ConcUo; vlib 
re.'pect to nhon, Oie conreaiioa and 
charge) acre not completely pMie Ihrough, 
If ths pefions baniHiied or impriaoned are 
fuund in any pla 

they I 


cipe, ihcy are, for such offea 
coodemaed to death. 

Perdtaand VII. lately made sDother 
chaDge in hit UiDittry ; lurnlns out among 
olheta Don Pedro CstbIIoi ; but the new 
BieD had icatcely taken Ibeir places, >hea 
the fickle Feidrnaad nrote to Ceialloa, 
statiDg, that, being donblful of the Tea- 
IDDB that bad iDdnced hint to retnore htm 
from tlie department of foreign Affairi, 
and well utiBlied with bii 2*al, punc* 
tualily, and aHectijn. he hiid determined 
to restore him to his i-IBces, of which be 
directs him to take charge without delay. 

In order lo judge of ibtt sitnatioD of 
Spain, il is enough to know, Ihat in eight 
wev'ki, Ihfce difFerenl Ministers of Finance 
hafe been ubaDged. And why ! Beuauie 
there i) oareienue; of course. DoGnmcei 
to adminirter; uad Ihe fault is unfortu- 
nately laid oo the backs of the MioiBien. 

to round .a Lyceoni |it Athens, and to m- 
tkfalish a museam. Many foreig|t*(a (iD> 
eluding Englisli) bavc angfiged M fuinifh 

eitablisbmitni qT i^ tUpghlte of 

the Ionian lalandi was racaire^ bara «iU^ 
a joy ibat is not lo be described, Tha 
happy consequenpia it will have for ul, 
are beyond all calculation, Delirerad 
from the veiation! of our neighboun. 

flag of Great Briiam ajieiast the rapine oC 

the corsairs, our veiseis will aoTer lb* 

Adriatic and the MGditerrenean, and 

bring ui abundance and encouragement to 

industry ; whilst onr Taluable productiom 

be ensure us a return, when once Ihey oan 

be sent without obstacle to all parti, 

ither Closely united by a common conititatian 

Dong giien as by F.nglaod, the bl«SBlngs of 

freedom, prosperity, and industry, enot 

State I 

II elevate the in 


I of thtl 


!r the \ 

: of Qre. 

;fuge for a'ery Greek, who 
de.«irea to enjoy in peace ihr property ha 
baa acquired abroad, ot to withdraw him- 
self frum the oppresiion of the Turks 

increasing in power and' population, wa 
shall be ptoud to display to Southern 
Europe tbe example and fruits of political 
and religious toleiaiion, and thus to form 
a link nFthe chain to embrace tbe uatiunt 
of the Northand the Soolb, and bring thsm 


The Arcbducheu Maria Louisa Urea 
Tery retired in the casile of SBhoeobrunn, 
and MldoBI viaita Vitnoa. 


17? 4^ttract eT Foreigft Ofcvrrpfttf. ■ ||i4y 

f 1" 1 


k if wUh-paii) we annoance tbe lost of 
three TraMp9ris^ the coeatof Iretand, 
with iMRy officers and nien, part of the 
armirlroih France, viie. the Seahorse, Lord 
Melvi^e, and Boadicea. 

The transporC Seahorse, Jame« Gibb 
master, sailed from the Downs, Jan. 26, 
for Ireland (for Waierford or Cork), with 
a large detachment of the 59ih regiment 
on board. On the morning of the .30th 
uJt. the vessel was driven int) Tramor^ 
Bay by a dei»perate gale from the South. 
The severity of the weather had compelled 
her ioeut her mizen-mist before she came 
within the Bay. On the forenoon of the 
day mentioned, she continued bearing off, 
inrith a view to get round Browostown* 
b^iad, and thus to reach the harbour in 
safety, but totally without eflect. The 
foretop-maH fell, killed ibe mate, and 
broke the leg of one of the seamen. Two 
anchors were then thrown out, but these 
were dragged by the violence of the storqOt 
and rendered totally unavaiUog. The ves- 
sel was then driven -forward to within half 
a mile of the shore, in presence of hun- 
dreds of people, who could give the un- 
happy persons, on-board no aid. It wa^ 
low water at the time, which, on such a 
beach, rendered every chance of escape 
almost utterly l}opeless. Most of them on- 
board then retired below, and resigned 
themselves to their impending and awful 
fate! The vessel struck upon the sands, 
about mid-day, between Tramore and the 
furthest end of the Rabbit-burrow, and in 
the course of a tVw minutes went entirely 
to pieces. Mr. Wal^h, Coast Surveyor, 
with his accustouied humanity, the other 
Coast' Offi'jers, and Mr. Kennedy, Mr. 
Hunt of Tramore, &c. used every effort to 
give assistance j but it was nut within the 
compass of humau power to prevent the 
sad catastrophe. 

To/«/Loj/.— Officers 59ihregt. 12; sol- 
diers 69ih regt. '262; seamen, 14; pas- 
sengi^rs, 1 ; Officers* wives, 1 ; soldier** 
wives, 30; Officers* children, '2; soldiers* 
children, 40--rotal, 365.— 7e/a/ 5at;*fci.-- 
Officers 59th regt. 4 ; soldiers 59ih regt. 
25 ; seamen, 3— Total, 32.— iVamw qf 
ihe Oncers 59th regiment. — Drowned — 
"Major Douglas; Capt<iiu Macgregor ; 
LifUtt-nants Veal!, Geddes, R. Sco't, Gil- 
lespie y Ensigns Ross, Hill ; Adjutant 
Dent; Surgeon Hagan ; Assistant Sur- 
geon Lamb ; Quart* r- Master Baiid, Mrs. 
Baird, and their two childuen. — Saved — 
Lieutenants (.'owper, Harford, M'Plierson, 
M'Gregor, Steward; Mr. James Gibb, 
Master of the Seahorse. 

Dublin, Feb. 2. On Tuesday evening, 
Jan. 1^, the Transports Lord Melville and 
Boadicea irere observed to be embayed 
between the Old Head of Kmsale and the 

Seven Heads, the wind hYowing a gate trt>m 
the S, E. They used 'evbry exertion, and 
adopted every e;tpedient, to weather Ihe 
OldT^ead, in rain ; the peril df their situ- 
ation increased every moment, "and to- 
wards dusk an accoant was bronght to 
^in^ale. that the ship Lord JMelvilte would 
in a short time be on shore, and ttiat the 
brig Boadicea had i^rppped her anchors, 
i n the hope of riding out tli e gale. On the 
receipt of this distressing commaoieatioii;. 
Collector JSfe^de, with a decision and 
promptness equally creditable to bim as ^ 
public officer and a qaan of humanity, or- 
dered an Officer*s party of the 'Limerick 
militia, under the directions of Mr. Pratt^ 
the port-surveyor, to the Old Head, to 
afford every assistance and protection ii| 
their power to these unfoitunate vessely. 
Mr. Spiller Newman, a respectable gentle- 
man of Kinsale, who holdi a re\^enue «i- 
tuatioo, generously volunteered his ser- 
vices, notwithstanding his labouring un- 
der indisposition ; and although thJB scene 
of the apprehended calamity was altoge- 
ther out of his district, and the ranj^e of 
his official duty, obeyed the call of h'lmna- 
nity, and accompanied Mr. Pratt and the 
military to the cAd Head. They Uad t^ 
(pross the ferry of Kipsale^ and thjea to 
march five or six mili^s through by-roadf 
to get to the place of their destination. 
When they arrived, they found that tbf 
ship had been driven ajbore among the 
rocks — that, shortly after she struck, h^r 
boat had been launched, and two officers' 
wives, with their servapts, soldiers of the 
59th regiment, a Serjeant's wife and child 
of the 39th regiment, six of the crew, to- 
gether with Capt. Radford of the 62d re- 
giment (who was in a weak state of health), 
got into it, and made for the shore ; but 
they had not reached half-way when thf 
boat was swamped, and, with the excep- 
tion of one sailor, all perished I All the 
rest of the people of the ship remained in 
her; at low water, in the coiirse of thf 
night, she was left neai'ly dry; and at 
about oqe or two o'clock they succeeded, 
under Providence, in getting safely to hand. 
The ship Lord Melville had oh -hoard 
detachments of the 59Lh apd 62d Regi- 
ments bound for Cork. 

At the commencement of the night, the 
brig Boadicea being at anchor, and' fur- 
ther off shore, had, to all appearance, 
much greater chance of escape than the 
ship. She was distinctly seen by the re- 
venue officers and military party, with a 
light at her top-mast, till after midnight. 
The light a.)d vessel then disappeared ai- 
togeth<.r. It still blew a tremendous gait 
of wind right on the shore, the sea raa 
mountains high, the rain poured down in 
torrents, and thei night ^^9 pitch. darV. 



174 InteUigmcefrom-variom Parts of the Country. [Feb. 

tlndci tbf^ ciicu^iBDoei, ths mott threw iloalheftrp. The bBrniaimediately 

gluomi ipiiTftvniiM* fw t^ fite ofcbe tbDkfirR,uit badnbchimni'y; andbefora 

kig wece fn^r^n«l br tfae iiamr &w* the dogr cogtd heopeu«d,.^.;iuiBber of 

^dmiIf-. > iiFh(i('4b«, morning iMmitdi' tiieiH vera bamed takibfa! uid.iiii.'h a*, 

ttef iippnhcnjiic^ nmnt'd but toe mt\\ r<rand tbeir way out were miwrably 

granqdfiliX Jbi} .brig bad diiappeafed icoreheJ. Siite«ii haieji^a Alieadj in- 

u|iiBel^er.;'',l4«Wei'M. after a diligMt ten-ed, and about twice Utat numbei an 

mfthfor^oiiie liao^tongrheefcorfl, her despaired of; among the Iptler nuntber is 

* ;p<',IitR ifRrn, diMoreciiiJ emcng tint thebride — ilia briJegroom ii likely to 
- vhieb lie belweeii .the two ilnndt of ii^in,"—-Coik Aihtrlhtr, 

Gfirretls-lo«i». anfl Khete she had haen 

driven aCtfr f'^tiag fi"» li*' ■ncbori in COUNTRV NEWS. ^poq apiiroaching tlic vreoli,' ' ifoa. 13. A fire biake out \n Morttim- 

• moit eevt^.n^^HW Mene o(- miierr. de-' htmuUed, about tlfre« A- M. nhich burnt . 
■oI«|^p,^>D^de^UirpieBanlHl iuctf toihe down 13 dwelline-hoUses, beiides a ita. 
Vi4w!..,Th^,T,eiKt »Aen«tM heacDDfiuatl b!e, brewhouae, ■h<;e14rig;ht's urorkshop, 
paak of, timber, plpnkaj.aod boards, and oihrr out-housci, thq corner' k ibop 
fa^ pietVH>..*i>^ IDi«roiliad wiib piles oC-Mr. Neck. ttc. The Sre Conunenced 
nTcTea'd^^OilifV'^^- "Cneo, and-'i:hil- ■ irf'B' court opp6^te Is the Dolphin ]nn( 
ilre^"^ N(■J^^.IP,tllF■wreokl■as■ route some- awd tho itf*i;l being narrnw, comuuni. 
wt(j\tj (.fejit'ed, afcoT* ilbe Borfaue at the cited 'to >he'^ oppoaile Eide, aod burnt 

I nbobt; dowA tbe' Blal>le and brewhouse beloDging 
utUT^t, . to that inn. dot poor wowaH lott her 
THSrl, liletn INefljines. 

nil u. of>Bul 
ifsafsiy -^ ii»g^ 
<s:unlil ^of-ftte 
■BtiemM' Ailed 
>r front ' leuk? 
of ihem M. P. 

milt if . Han. 

btlmg- appro 

'tkgihe of tbi 

>ff Kin- weBli 

We, •fipi-ilOE.-rSt LjeHtenanta, I Ataut- It was reiolred that tbe ineeLiag.atvuiId ba 

■at ^v^SBOm S^Sc^eaotl, 1S8 ruk and in future frienaial." , 

. fi1e,.13 w6nirni,.*nd:l£.*:hildmn. Total A coin bearing tbe iinage of Henrj 

Iwt^ f^Gj^iKmfiB a( (}^er( j(id .'—Lieu- King of England, who SntubWined tlis 

teiiutJ)avf«p(i|ft I Lietiiimaal' Harding} title of King of France, haviniLoa ihe.ob- 

AsiiAai)i.'gai(to<) ScWi uilhis wirci— lene the inicri^tion of Fiib Otleaa,ma,% 

Tot^.fm&arktdi 283, man, inclodiog non- ■ few daya 'ago lumed up by the plough 

coo|ni|ssi(^^pttl«eQ, and 3 meaoftbe in the inriib of fi/cnAsIaa in Scot'^ml. 

55ihj;eEi|Dent,[«o.of whoa werr saTCd — Nearly 3000 aludenta have beeD en-. 

7 Officefi, _iiu:ludi|ig I AaaJBIant Sargeen, rolled this aesiioo in the Uoiverijty of 

H womeni and 17,.chiIdn:o, Edmiargk, excluaive of those attending 

. , ; the Theology, Hebrew, and Church History 

"jifif(ili(li{a>R^J4i..;9. AmoEtmelau- cUaees. Tbe Srbnol of SMred Musick at 

ebot^.Bient ti>ok p.lve veatCrday man- ttaia time reckoni more Ihao 250 papiU. 

ing near tbii tofo.. Afacmar of napeeta- Tfaey are taugbt upon (be Oeniuui p'an, 

hilily io the neighbourbood, nbose dangh- *iz. by means of a large black board, on 

ler naiD^ar[wdthe)ireiria«*night, iaiited whiob tUe mailer vritea bia leiaon* with 

a number at bis frienda. &c. to the wed- ehalk. 

ding. After aupper >ll,the young people Flyhohth Ekeh-watir. 

retiied to a large ham W dance. Ther* Tfaii great Naiiooal waik bas ai leogtli 

«aa a fire in tl{<: baio, a$ the night was Burmounled all Ibe obilacles opposed Io 

cold; and, afttr. Hey. hail been.daiKing its conslniclion. — The order of the Prince 

n>r some iJCoe. th^r "ished ta have the Regent in Council, giving direction* Iw 

ire citing lii^ad I wbf > one of the yoang commeiietng ibe work, was tuued Jan. 

inen«eDlijitQlb«)dYrA|ing-houaeftirn>m« 33, 1811. The firA atone «>B laid with 

water, ifnd iteming a large ji^ full nf wa- erery re^uiiite cerefflogj on the Pfinc* 

teras he^suppoifd (but-Hptond ta ba Regeof* birth^;, Aug. 12, IBlS; but 

spirits), brought '4. 19111 ibc ban, and tt* prvfmivf ibe w>rk did qot adTanc^ 


A|MlriaaaerTBi&^ Hc'^ni'lij'fiiif coiflitrf 
iribe fmr iStk, «:thsV«n«a'drtU« rutt' 

aAtBir«l'anddi«IlaguK4ied«f'>ULbettar<|l ' 
F«inlln."*iUi C)ri<(ffli!tMc»l' IrbiCh, at 

were fioalV iltned/ pOlndNT'hint' olit ^* 
Utc moMiflt plrrsM: ta be ■•Kcicd Jo b* 

fell ; f -t Ihe Suupd dnruig that winter thfl hoattmin] oflbK tfelKs^ of the^Croira 

pretenled the unutual si|Jft of aboat 40 of £nuin. - Ha «M aecvrdinglf ii^fited 

Htl of gbips reoaaiDirig «t aqcbar in it, all to Englaud, sad Ihe amnseainili halt 

of •hnm rode out the gales with great gonefoi'vard progressivelf, tdlheiatitfaC- ' 

ease, and wilhoat damage. The Cat- tionof aJlthe illmtrioDa partinMnctmed. 
water and ils entrance were, during ths Siindeg, Die. 31. 

lame critical aea^n, full of (hipping, A fire broke oat ihii morning at A* 

amounting (a 150 tail ; and ;et, thougli hnuHe of Mr, Mitchell, bmker and ap- ,. 

the Break-waicr wai not complelnl, ptaiter, n Cronn-slreet, Fin'bury-Bquare, ' 

■carcelj any damage wni dooej aod it which burqtio rapidly tbafthefanily had 

wa» entirely on log to the imall part of Ihe icaroely linw to escape with tbeir livet. 

Brealc-w^'::r whicli «ai made, that miMt Nopaitof lbs praper^f wai saved. 
of the .liVps both in the Sound and in Cat- Uanday, Jan. 39.' 

watei «ere not lost. On the Prince Re. Mr. Park appeared at (he bar of (be 

gent', birtb-daif, ISlii, makingthreefearl Court of Cbaocery, and took iGe'tmal 

«i>-.;ethefir«t Btone wBSldid, 615,057 tons oathi on beiag adiriitinl fc'Srtjea'nt at ' 

Jt' marble had been deposited [n blocks Law. He then preienled, according to" 

frod half a ton to nine tons, — The extent cuilnm, tworiiqi, to be delivered b; t)i« 

oftbe tnarble qnariiei now, open is nearlf Lord ChaucelloT ts their Ma^eitles, bear!> 

half a Diile, in which range Ibey ara wdtV- ing tha motto " Sui legal jumptt unaL" 

ing with the aid of' tweatj.fiie cranes. On Ihe e4'tb he atteaded in the prirate ' 

The sight 1^ truif fublimp, and reSrcts. n>am behind the Cbanceir Coll rt; and, in ~ 

great bononr on the Admiralty, and on the presenoe of Ihe Lord Chsncdlor, tU ' 

Ibe individaal whote toind can conduct so Chief Baron, and the Chief Justii^, «m 

immense an undertalting, with ao mucb aworn in asa JudgeoFlhe Coniinari PteaL ' 

economy and anecess. Fifty Mil of ves- at which Coorl he retirad, 

■ela are employed in taking out ibe im- and took hi* seat on Ibe Henct. ' 
mense masles of marble, whose sierags Thartiaj, Fei'. i. 

cargoes amount to i>0 tuDji and Ibe num. At * n extraordlmrf Oerteral Meetlag 

ber of men employed on the aervice, under oFthe Society for the Encouragement 'ol 
Mr. Whidbey, is 130,— The Breikwaler Arts, &c. in the Adelflhi, for the' eTectioH 

atretcbei aoon ibe i^harel Rock; the of a PreiidenI, in lln' Mom at the lata ' 
length of Ihe whole, wbefl flnished, will Duke of Norfolk ; th« ' Duke of Smmk 
tie 17aOyarihi ita base 100 yards, and wai nominated by the Hon. W.'Sbirley, 

ten yirdi in brt-adth at the top or finished and secondnl by D. BcaumoDt, esq. ; and 

Krt. The areiage depth is 3^ feet.«t ihe Earl of LiTsrpor>l, by Hr.Hohnn anil 
r water spring lidei. It slopes very Capt. Bagaal, laM of Ibe Mat^nea^ gjjt 
much to aCaward, and but little witliio, the coaolurinn of Ibe ballot, Hie nuBiBeti 

and is opposed to an immense aea, wbioh .were: — lor the Duke of Su8»e«, 180; the' 
eiteodf rrom the Azores Islands to the Barl of Lirerpoal, «4. The Dnke tf 

Cbartnel. It Till cover a secure anchorage iSu^sea was' conUquently ' declared dnly 
intbeSoundforaboui SOsailoTibeliae. . eletted. — His Royal Highness has fn- ■ 

— : .qi<eiilly BiaiatodinUieileliberatkinsoflbe 

DOMESTIC OCCUKRENCES. Soclely,; i>i>d lurleiwlre^tetents'.'aDd love 

« Wmdtor CattU, Peh. 3,— HfsM^eBi^ afthi^ANa, pecaUarly qMlliy bhtafitrtlke 
hat ' pisaed the laltmonth in a KeiiFr^.,.>wtua1iaa. ' > - '''--' 

•tale : , Mondaf, PekVL - 

mem TlMbamrning ahi>rle«Mhbin, Mq- ap- 

ty'i .■peared.ini.the'Cmwt.irfCharicBry, and 

. Tt 'Was ttiNin>ta.t>.thH4l^t«e'of Se^eaot at 

Vllb >&a« i .aport. which ««etr*i(U he requested 

coni ': .ttie ^(fnii Chaii<»llin<'iAi pntaeiit it ring la 
Thit her Hajastyi iriihibeniMleiiandairp^o-" 

tagel .priala.BiMtb ''Jjaberi,'^ - He' *aa 'after- 

nsne . wirda^wHB'iMwtolfift* bs «>n$of tlH Jus-' 

dier, vttcesnt«fapi(biUit'»f«MiikodPlta^. 


174 Intdtigencefeotivariokt Farts i^ the Cmiary. [F«fc! 


A Im broh*. en th 
hODH of Mr. Hitehet 
praiwr, im CroWo-MrMi 
which tin ratio rapidly 
•OToHy tina to «Kaf 
No Mit of tfaa nnuterti 

Ur. Park 
Coortof Ch« 
oUt» on ba 

,X*!m.- Be II 
'. cuMonii' t«o 

Lord (Sunn 

inCthA Motb 

Oa tbcUtb 

unaeii#KMg, itiia so mucD laorD m asa 

jndqess. Fiftj Mil of tbb- at WeitaiaH 

•CK are eiDpIoycd in la\ing oul ihe im- and look hi* 

mcDVf^ tnaalei of marble, whois arerags s>>— . •■ 

cargoM ainooDt to 50 Uu i aDdlbeiuiii- At an extraDrdhnfj* (JeiMia! MeCttOf 
berofmenamployedon the lervice, uudrr sf the Societyftir the Enetra'ragelnen'bf 
Mr. Whidbey, i> 7 JU.— The' Breakwater Arts, &c. in the Adetpbl, (br the eTectipii 
Biretclie* acrobt Ihe lihtivel Racki tbe or a Prwidenl, itr ite' foom of Ihe lata ' 
Ungtfi 'of the Whole, wben Gnished, will Duke of NorMk; the'Dukrof Sau^ 
be 1700 yanlf i it> baie 100 yardt, and wai nominatAl hy Ibe Soit. W.'6biriey, 
ten jirds in breadth at tbe top t>r Gaiibrd ant) KCOiiiiad by D. BMumbal, aiq. ; and 
part. Tha arUaKe deptb i» 3^ feek at - the Earl of iararpoa), by MKHMttlfal aUd 
law water Iprin): tiilei. ' It tlopei very CapC Bagaal, lata of Ibe MaHnHii tX'. 
uiDch to seaward, and but little witlitn, the uoaalDKnn ef thsballol, n^'niiBlBeri 
and i> opposed to 90 immcDie lea, «.h>cti. vwere ; — Tor the Onke of Susfrjf, ' t90 ;' ttn' 
exteudt frcim the Azures Ulanili to Uw Earl of LiTerpoal, El. This Dske tf 
Cbii^el. It vill cover a lecute andiorajB. ! 6usi« war amMquently dedAvd drily 
inlheSouQdfbrabout 5(1iai[ oftlieliM. aiectwl.— Hi* Hay*) Higfanest h» fte- - ' 

— ^ ' L ' 'quentlynaiaediiittM^eliberaCioMorth^ 

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCE?. ^ . £acie(M.itodUrlci(are^Mtent^,'and loTe ' 
••-mndidr Catlle, ^^l.'i.^.&aiAtjta^ ,»r tlK»AM*,pec«liar^'qbaUiy UAlfilf t)W 
bat pissed tbe laittnonth in a jteiiirril^nifiiualtw. !; ■ '. ■< - "'■" ' ' - " ■■ 
■.,1--: jMa<n<af^.-jU.'MI.''' '- ••■ 
iia-nOmia(fai>rM4lbbtM, Mtj'.ap- 
«d>'ini.Me''Ca0it'<(iP<;i>Bticery, liod ' 
Mapnik'trhicH MeMiOa-'lie fr'---— ^^ ' 

LMA>CbaDdalliM>:1« |M«aeHt il rlit^ (a' 
l4*iaaV <riA!tlie Undettynd hmtf- 
•,ainih^i£ieb«MJi* -Uc>*idkRer- 
»d«grb'tBMi4aet«'ia ttA^C'iFr'th^'Jui^ 
M*bpitetii>'bf Vaitnimt ptoaV. 


Mgltn^S for ike Ktt^ 1 rt6. 
Ba^tM.'^^ii. l^rtfiMretb, of llbti^tMi 
'Reg^, esq. 

;*."* ■» 

^BlribA^-^Rididrcf 1\>w)l^i;V*ri'ght^S'6oyoo, SftqfordsHr-Jvk* Smithy 9^0i^< 

Itfokeohuriit, eio^ : . i 

^H^fl/i— Sir G&arfoi ]Efttltf» oretqtlfciii 
hafl, btPt'. 

of Englefiet^, esq. 
J^J^fnTffilaTtejA.— •ttomar TyrtitgliaAl BSe^r- 

nar£ of NMhftr Wia'clk€ado6, e^q'.. 
CkmbridgeiJid^Hunthtgdorith, — John'iVhit- 

by Quimiii, of Hatt^y Stfibl Q^orge^ eiq. S^.ey.'^t^ ^rnaf^»c 
Cheshire, — S}im.MSersey,ofii\dktief,ei^, StuMex.'^ohntQ$t%m,ofUo^au§§cim^i^ 
Cumberland.'-WWfiaim Bro^, of fallaQ- 07inmcMrA,^XVm, H^beebt, Zt ^urBb»^; 

tire-hatl, esq. rough/esa. . ' . . 

Ufefbysh-^Jobn F^eT, of Cbe T^astbres, esq. l^Uk — John (faaseV. of New dimMMifaq^ 
JhtomfL—SirAxi'hMf CbicblMter, ofToofs- /l^ef /«n^— Joieplr i>e«» oFjtht ^^« «vqk. 

ton, bart. ]rciribAtf«.<--Ri(i^atd Oliver OaMO^M^ «f; 

Dorseirh. — Johb H'ei1k«ftBroirD6, oTyfef' , l^arlingtoo, e$<^ 

nK>utb, esq. Wa^bs^ y\ ' '.^. 

MttUx, — ^NiclioUi)}Peiirce,oftou^ton,es^. C8irr0laM<fnfA.-*-^ohu€olbyyo^I'iHUij(«tf%\ 
Gtouc€stersh,'^ty^\fA J6bn l^Ie(^ of ^q. 

Htfrefield; esq 

• « *^' '_».• 

/V>^niJbsA.«-H. liatbMf, ofl^enipliiUifi^^ 

ifS?re/ord^A[--ltiDj^ni(Bnloi|',of^lle^iI1,esq. <!imafymxil.->*TliQ8.U 

Bnft.— £Miniei6t)ej|,OfVounig8bary, esqi 
Kent. — k\\nL, Ev^yii, of Saint Cletri, es^. 

6/Bmoirgan<%:-«-^^rf Join OrmA^teS 
Cattle, esd. 

I.#icM(tfff A.-T^har. Wnf. ^hrn^ of Bark- BreeonkL-^i/^^Xf^eX^UX^i^mtijflm* 
by. esq. «. . ^..-^ - V **_..T 

, ZMfom«^r«.— N«tfTife ICibg. of Asbby«^q» 

iioi^rfil.— Sir IJtiford JkMM% at twiih 

„ * -TT- broOktbart y 

MdhmoktMlire, — !$iV BledVyl^iroCherOe, of iB'Srrumelib---Thoaiat Dnakeaiald Atl4q%- 

UaYiTarMitfAb'b^V, kUt: of'CwBilleeoidHHr* ^s^^ * . ,' 

jySRCfo/ifc.— Sigi^uiRT TritfibYd' Sobtliwel^ dinMnwml— T. Barrov, of BeMNtti^ai^ 

of VfUDi^Hltfm^i ^K. ^>q[/gigy.».*RobtBnlketey,irt^aaigfe^i|^| 

liofthMiptimlt'^t fdOXs Ilan£fbam» Of lknimmervA,^'hiwm» WaOfe VqJMflir 

<5ottiArOi)k^, bkrt; of Clqgl|2ia, esq. v • ; • .^i* • i- . 

iVbr/Aau>rf&<^^(tnd— Matt!t«w Bell of Wool- J[)«ni(gibAt/r.-~BdNafd'^wardiiir«WM^ 

;^n^Dn, esq, _ ^ ^ _ _ . Uwydioil, esq.* 

I^ttnghamH.-^BW Aofit Bowe Bfromley, iWrA.— Geo. Boecawcii^of 

of Eaift Stoke, bart Apti 

Oi6fordih.'^Q\iti l^tiillips, orColbaitaf esq. dnmeiL-r^xt Arscott; Oufrr 

• -i*. **■ 

Taia Stoke, bart ApfohUed *y <*<; 

nook-r-Sir A 
i2u/2ttRdiA.— Jobii C. Gilsbn^ of Bier1ey» esq. . of Pencarrow. 





»^.. • jtj> 



18 1«. 

C I & 6 tJ I T S OF T H S J U £^ G E 8. 


ti Mni&ANs. 

LdEUenbro^ Jk €» Jtistsoe 

B. Wood 

> ■ III .i m > n 




Sak. Mar. 9. 

Wednesd. 6|Bedford 
Thursday 7 
Friday 8 
Saturday 9 
Sunday 11 
Tuesday 12 
Thursday 14 
Friday 15 
Saturday 16 
Monday 18 
Saturday 33 
Monday 36 
Tuesday 36 
Saturday SO 
Mon. Apr. 1 
Wadkiead. a 


B; Riobaurds 


I I ' I 


L. C. BsfroD J. Bayley 

J. he Blanc 

Abbott b. Prtrll 

I M*i 

■ « I 

• • • . 'r 

lane. & City 

I r Hill II 1 1 I I 


r— — >— ■ II »■ 

Bury St Ed. 

I oiiiia 


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York & City 


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ill II 

I I I I II Nil 


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[ 179 ] 


i'ltd Nov. 28, 1815, at Halifax in the 
Province of Nova Scotia, after a short ill- 
ness, in the 54th year of hU age. He was 
a member uf His Majesty's Council, aud 
one of the Puisne Judges of the Supreme 
Court of that. Province. 

Mr. Hutchinson was the only son of 
that most respectable gentleman of the 
same uamefi, who, with bis numerous fa- 
mily, in the spring of 1776, took refuge 
from the personal inj^;'ies usually, in those 
days, inflictt;d on every distinguished 
Xioyalist in the old provinces, aud parti- 
cularly 80 on him as the brother of Tho- 
mas Hutchinson, esq. the then Governor 
^f Massachusets. — ^The family emigrated 
originally from England^ — Mrs. Hutchin- 
lon, so famous iu New Englaud history, 
was one of the ancestors. — Mr. Hutchin- 
son's maternal grandfather was Colonel 
Paal Mascarince, a Frenchman by birth, 
and one of the refugees on the occasion 
of the persecutions of the Protestauts at 
the revocation of the edict of Nantz. He 
entered into the British Service at a very 
early period of life, and was Lieutenant 
Governor of Nova Scotia before the set- 
tlement of Haiiftnc, when the head-quar- 
ters were at Annapolis Royal. Many of 
the eacly grants for land, now in the Kegis- 
ter's-office, are copies with his name an- 

Mr. Hutchinson's natural abilities dis- 
played themselves very early : he could 
read the Bible at three, and began the 
rudiments of the Latin language at four 
years of age. At fifteen he entered into 
the commissariat as an assistant in the 
garri^ion of Halifax ; and there he soon so 
distinguished himsdf in the highest arith- 
metical calculations, that none in the of- 
fice conid equal him in rapidity and ac- 

In 1785 Mr. Hutchiuson turned his at- 
tention to the study of law, in wKlch he 
made considerable progress under the 
tuition of his father, who had been an 
Assistant Justice of the Supreme Court in 
Massachusets, and was esteemed one of 
the best and soundest lawyers of New 

When Chief Jnstiee Strange (now Sir 
Thamas, Chief Justice of Madras) ar- 
rived in the province in 1789, he early 
noticed Mr. Hutchinson; and, having ho- 
noured him with his friendship, that ex- 
cellent lawyer and worthy man highly 
improved the legal knowledge which Mr. 
Hutchinson had acquired under his fa- 
ther. Mr. Strange, thinking it would 
make Mr. Hutchinson belter known in 
his profession, persuaded him to ac- 
cept the office of High Sheriff of the county 
of Halifax: the event fully jpstified Mr. 
Strange's expectations ; be became es- 

teemed in the degree in which he was 
known ; and, having held the office dur- * 
ing two years, he resigned it to follow his 
profession, the knowledge of which he 
attained to an extent that is toe well ap- 
pretiated by the gentlemen of the Bench- 
and Bar within the Province, to require 
any eulogiam. In 1806 he was elected 
member of the General Assembly for -tha 
town of Halifax. In 1809 he was appointed 
by H is Excellency the late Sir George Pre- 
vost (unsolicited on his part) an Addition- 
al Assistant Justice of tbe Supreme Court ; 
and in 181 1 he was honoured by his Ex- 
cellency the present Lieutenant Governor 
General Sir J. Sherbrooke, in being nomU 
nated to a seat in the Council, since con* 
firmed by the Prince Regent. Mr. Hutch- 
inson (prepossessed, against his pecuniary 
interest, in favour of early habits) retain- 
ed hii office of Assistant Commiiisary Ge- 
neral, to which he was appointed in 1798, 
under a commission from his Majesty, 
until be became Assistant Justice, doing 
the duties of this military office with tb« 
most scrupulous attention ; still, however, 
employing more hours in his legal pro- 
fession than consisted with health, and 
which were greatly curtailed by his office, 
-—those of his office never by them. 

So clear and comprehensive was his 
mind, so very retentive hi« memory, and 
regular his method ; so perfect his judg- 
ment, and accommodating his disposition, 
that he accomplished more business in 
less time, than any other person around 
him. His habits for secrecy were so im- 
peu^rable, his patience so unusual, and 
his general discretion so universally ac- 
knowledged, that no one ever felt himself 
injured in these essential qualifications of 
a confidant. At length Mr. Hutchinson 
became so uuiversally known, beloved, and 
respected, that his advice appeared to ha 
more generally resorted to than that of 
any other peison in the province. As aa 
orator he was clear and comprehensive ; 
closely confining himself to his subjeet, 
he never indulged in flowery declamation* 
abuse, orsarcastie expressions; mnch less 
in ribaldry or indecent allusions ; indeed 
his thoughts were generally so habituated 
to modesty and diffidence, that he seldom 
could speak in public without accompany- 
ing his prefatory discourse with a blush. 
His ideas wer^ so well methodised and 
arranged, that h^ seldom hesitated, or 
used circumlocution to recover them. Ha 
coutd not easily be provoked to recrimi- 
nate ; and, as peace and good-will were 
the chief sources of his happiness, ha 
« never made an enemy who was worth re- 
taining as a friend. 

Such a character is a real loss to so- 
ciety ; to his iamily at least, for whos« 


ISO Memoir of the Hon. Foster Hutchinson. [Fdk . 

take he remained a bachelor, it it irrepa- ten talents given biHi, yet the joyftil mIo- 

rable. ' Mr. Hutchinson has left six sisters tation— '' Wefl done, thoa good and faitW 

to recollect (and to soften their grief by fat servant,*' was never, perb«|»i^ mttk 

the remembrance) that though he bad the turely to be hoped for. 

JAMES EDWARbS, £s^ or Harbow. 

This worthy and intelligent gentleman pie Ffall, Cheshire. — ^This tvai ibUoM^ III 
was the eldest son of Mr. William £d- 1*787, by the library of Peter BfftlD«Mfii|L 

wards, Bookseller, of Hali£ftx« The elder M. D. ; together with iSb$X of an emifliS ' 

Mr. Edwards was for many years very Civilian, and others, 
fniinent in hit profession, and of no com^ Mr; John Edwards died in eafly' X\H^ 

mon estimation for the eaergies of his Mr. Richard Edwarde, tinotlMr bMtM'» 

mind; and his skill ia collecting rare settled for some time in Bcnid-Btr6efc{ \ink 

books, not lest than bis cicqoisite tasto retired in a few years from tiridr^ hii^ridf 

in rich and expensive bindings, #illkMig etnlained a respectable appoitttmtHtmdtt 

!>€( recollected in the aannlt of Bibltogra- Ckri>emmeat at Malta, 
phy. The Catalogues which be ooca^ In 1786, Mr. JamA Bdwatdi Meon* 
aionally publiidied aboaaded in ratre and pMried his friend Jamet Robioii, CM. hi a 

Taluable books, many of thorn most or- jonrney to Venice, on pttrpoitt tO 

pameutally and superbly bound, in a Mfttn- mine the far-fsmed Phmftli Ubtivy* M 

ner peculiar to himself. Ho brought up catalogue of which made six odnvO t^ 

foiMT sons CO his own profession, all of lumefi. 'This library, by a ^mM and mo* 

whom acquired high celebrity. Va 1784, cessful speculation, they secur^ byo^ 

Wben he was himself 64 years of age, he> feriiig a price fbr it whieh thetEMentiMl 

•f ttled his son James, with a younger bno- and ti^stees fbnnd k their ititbriwl *lo to- 

*|her (John), in Pall-mall; where, nader the eept ; and, during the levere viiftfir vtidi 

^rm of Edwards and Sont, they published followed, the booki were, not iHtbbnt 

a Catalogue which astonished, not only much hazard from the siea, broufhit Mlb)jr 

the opnlent purchasers of books, but the to London ; and aold ^ alictiOAy In llit 

piost experienced and intelligent Book- following year» at the great room teCoa- 

sellers in the Metropolis. Never, pep* duit-ftreot. In 179() Mr* EdtHudl mV 

flaps, was a collection mora splendid, or iiahed a Catalogue of tire Ll b r attot of Mi- 

aftore truly valuable, presented to the cu- chelli of Home; and Zanetti of VeidDe. 

tious ; and its success was proportionate In 1793, Mr. Edwards was tiie piiMa- 

lo its merits. It was formed principaity ser of that singular bibliograi>hical tiea- 

from the libraries of N. Wilson, esq. of snre which Mr. Gough has aoireU daaerlb^ 

Pontefract ; two eminent Antiquaries, de- ed in his ** Account of a rich IHuflDlBated 

ceased; and H. Bradshaw, esq. of Mar- Missal*, executed for Jobn, Oaka of Bed* 

» n iiiii I ■ <— WW w W HUM fci<wi— >i<Ow<ii ■Jiiii>i JMii w ii w I n il ■■ III! i ■ ■ ■ iiMwiw^wiwa— U». 

* This Missal, executed nndar tbe.eye, and for the immediate use ol thafiuBoai 
John Duke of Bedford (Regent of Pranee) and Jane -(the daughter of the Oaka Off 
Burgundy) his wife, was, at the beginning of the 18th century, in the magnifloanC li- 
brary of Hariey Earl of Oxford. It afterwards came imo the posse'ssibli irf hia 4mdh- 
ter, the w«)ll-known Duchess of Portland, at whose sale, iu 1786, it was purchaMd^r 
Mr. Edwards for 215 guineas. AflKMig the pictures in it, there is an intemtiDg ona 
of the whole-length portraits of ^O'Duke and Duchess; the head of theformtr of 
which has been enlarged and engraved by Vertbe, fbr his poitraits to iUotfarata the . 
History of England. The Missal frequently displays the arms of the^e noble' petaoa- 
ages ; and also afford* a plea&tng testimony of the aflbetionate gaUatitry of the pair; - 
the motto of the former being ** A vous entler,*' that of the tatter ** J'en sob aea-« 
tente." There is a formal attestation in the voltfme» of its having been gtvaa bf 
the Duke to his nephew, Henry V(. as a most suitable present. But the lUader 
should consult (if he can procure it) Mr. Ooqgh's curious volitme, vritteii as- 
pressly upon the subject.— >Mr. Dibdbi,' after describiag ah amiable aiad iMtlUitnowB 
book- col lector, concludes the character by observing that, while Meaatoas ae^ bis 
oblong cabinet decorated with such a tall, arell-dressed, and perhaps matchless rcfi* 
inent of Variorum Classics, he has IKtIe or no occasion to regret his uaaT^Mdiibfe 
absence from the field of battle hi the Strand or Pall-ioaaU. And yet, altlio^h be is* 
environed with a body-guard, of which the great Fii^erick's father might have eaviad 
iiim the possession, be cannot help casting a whttfol eye, now and' then, upon still 
choicer and taller troops which he sees in the territories of his rivals, t do not know 
whether he would not saerifice the right wing Of his army, for the Seeuri^g of soaia 
magnificent treasures in the empire of his neighbour JR^a^o ^^ for thfcreha sisflp and. 
adores, with the rapture-speaking eye of a dassical bibliomaniac, the taA, ^ida^ tbki(» 
cieaii, brilliant, and illumiuated copy of the first Llvy uPdw VSLLtftr, dnduriBad lis. 
aa impenetrable oakaa-case» coreied vith choios Mc^^oceoi ^TlMMi'ltt ^Iftm ^ 

1% 1 <•] Memoir of James Edwards, Esq. of Harrow« . 181 

ford. Regent of France under Henry VT.j 
and afterwards in the possession of the 
Dnchess of Portland." In this purchase 
the purse or the spirit of Mr. Edwards 
exceeded that eren of Crowned Heads; 
and to him Mr. Gough*s publication was 
thus appropriately addressed : " To whom, 
with greater propriety, can be inscribed 
an Illustration of the Bedford Missal, than 
to him, who, with the spirit to purchase 
it, unites the taste to possess it ? Preserve, 
Sir, this splendid monument of the ArU 
in the Fifteenth Century, and precious 
memorial of one of the most illustrious in 
the catalogue of English Worthies ; to re- 
main either as an heir-loom in your own 
family, or as a deposit in some of our 
Vational Collections. And may it sur- 
rive to the latest posterity, secure from 
the ravages of time, or the far worse havoc 
ef political frenzy. Believe me, Sir, your 
'obliged humble servant. R. Gough." 

His fame as a Bibliographer waf now 
tompletely established; and some fortu- 
nate purchases on the Continent soon 
mied up the measure of fortune which, bis 
unambitious mind and strong; natural sense 
informed him, was sufficient for all tlie 
rational enjoyments of polished life. 
He now began to enjoy the calm retire- 
ment of the country, ip the neighbour- 
hood of Old Veralam; and in 1805, oo 
the IGthi of April, completed his happi- 
ness, by a matrimonial union with Katba- 
fine, the accomplished and only daughter 
of the Rev. Edward Bromhead, JVJ.A. 
Ticar of Kepham, co. Lincoln, and uncle 
to Sir G. Bromhead, Bart. — About the 
tame time he purchased the famous old 
manor-house at Harrow, which had for- 
merly been the residence of several Arch- 
bishops of Canterbury ; a delightful resi- 
dence, commanding the most extensive 
prospects. There he continued, during the 
remainder of his life, in the exercise of 
elegant hospitality, in the full enjoyment 
of domestic felicity, and the social inter- 
course of many of his old literary friends. 
In this romantic, but classical retreat, is 
laid the scene of a considerable part of 
Mr. Dibdin's •* Bibliomania :" Mr. Ed- 
wards being the generous Rinalbo of that 
famous " Bibliographical Romance*." 

To return to the elder Mr. Edwards. 
Frugal and temperate in his ordinary ha- 
bits, plain and unaffected in his manners. 

the even tenor of his life was extended to Um 
age of 86 ; when he calmly resigned hit 
breath, June IS, 1S08, highly beloved and 
respected, having long before had the 
satisfaction of seeing two of bis sons re« 
tired from business, to enjoy the comforts 
of w^ll - earned competence ; and a thirds* 
Mr. Thomas Edwards, established in bis 
own respectable and ektensive conceros. 
at Halifax. 

In the summer of 1814 Mr. Jamee 
Edwards embraced the opportunity of 
Tisiting Paris; whicb he bad freqaentlr 
done in the earlier part of life, and even 
during the reign of the late £mperor» 
who (with all his many failings) was 
not indifferent te literature^ or literary 
men. Here, Accompanied by Mrs. Ed- 
wards, and some select friends, be passed 
a few delightful weeks ; but returned still 
more satisfied with his native country, 
and hit maa»lon at Harrow. His health, 
however, having become precarious, and 
his constitution undermined by symptoms 
of paralysis; h6 was advised, by some 
medical friends, to forbear for the futmre 
any close application to stddy. He lot- 
lowed their advice ; and adopted the he- 
roic resolutien of selling his valoable Li« * 
brary; which he actually accompilished 
in 1815 f . This was indeed a prime treat 
to the amateurs of first editions and vel- 
lum copies ; and at this sale the far- 
famed Bedford Missal passed, April 11, 
1815, by the hammer of Mr. Evans, from 
his possession, to that of the Marquis of 
Biandford, for 687/. \5s, — This important 
event was a very great relief to himself 
and his friends, who fondly hoped that 
some years might still be added to his ■ 
life. But his disorder had taken too firm a 
root ; and, though he lived several months 
after in great apparent tranquillity, the 
thread of life was fatally cut on the 2d 
of January, 1816, at the age of 59. His 
firm mind was wholly unappalled at the 
prospect of death, which he knew was fast 
approaching. He gave the necessary di- 
rections for his funeral, desiring that his 
coffin might be made out of some of the 
strong shelves of bis library ; and breath- 
ed his last sigh with the true fortitude 
of a Christian, leaving a widow and five 
children, the eldest little more than six 
years old, to lament their irreparable 

Besses the adoration paid to this glorious object by some bookish pilgrim, who, as the 
evening sun reposes softly upon the hill, pushes onward, through copse, wood, moor, 
heath, bramble, aud thicket, to feast his eyes on the mellow lustre of its leaves, and 
upon the nice execution of its typography. Menalcas sees all this, and yet has too 
noble a heart to envy Rinaldo his treasures ! These Bibliomaniacs often meet, and 
view their respective forces ; but never with hostile eyes. They know their relative 
strength ; and wisely console themselves by being each eminent in his degree. Like 
Corregio, they are * also painters' in their way." 

* An Alcove in the garden is beautifully described in the *' Bibliomania," p. 64t. 

f See some particulars of the sale in eur vol. LXXXV. Part I. pp. X35, 254, 349. 


[ m ] 


Tliii cminenll; lei road Oriental i it, 
«hMv (teiih ia noticed in |>. B8, wu sorae 
time Prorenor of Mnnl Phtlonptay al (be 
■ Callage of Will<>uiib<ii« ia Vi^inia. He 
«» anemirdi ippoiaUd one of tbe A>- 
•htnuti It Harroii School i wai electail 
F. S. A. in 1778, at ■bi<>h time he *ag 
Came of Nortlwll in Htddle*«i pre- 
Hnlcj about Iha same tiaM to tlw reutorj 
af fteorlUiham in SuffdUt and in IBOJ 
•ppdibled b]r tbe Elaat India Compuij 
Principal of th^ir then nevly Hiablobed 
College at HeTtford. 
Dr. Henloy-publitbed Three Smwa* 

Ercarhed in America: 1- At Willianw- 
org, May 1, 1*171, for tbe beoefiC of a 
Food to tupport the poor Widowi aiid 
Ofphani of Clergywen inVirpoia, 8to. 
S TliediilinctCtaiauofOoTetDinentand 
TEeligion contidered; before the Hononr' 
■ble Home of Bnrgeiiea M WilUaioiburg, 
March I, 1773, 8to. 3. Id 1776, on Uw 
Atiniirertarf of tbe Foundstioo of tbe 
Coitege, 8*0,— He publiihed alto "A 
Diwetlstiba on the Controierled PatiagM 
in St. Peter and St Jade, concerniug tba 
Aiigeli tlitt linped, and irtio kept not ibeir 
firtt biiale," 177B, 8vo. " Obtemtiona 
on tbe lubjeel of tbe Fourth Eclogue, the 
Allegory ID tba Tbird Qeorgic, lad the 
Prinirjr Deiigo of the £neid of Virgil; 
-witb incidental .Bemarki on tome Coini 
of tb'e Jewt," nSS, Sto. " An li^uy lo- 
•ard* aneH'Edilion of (be Elegiea of 
TiKnllDi, witb ■ Traialation aud Ifalea," 
]*»»,' Bto. 

Dr. Heo 
" Tra»eh 

Critical m 

hjy A< 
(OD, in O* 

gi*iag to t 
Uiaed la I 
in Anairer 
tbe Bane mMun«, p. iity. 

Dr. Btnter- *m aa iallatat* Mnt0 
tba Iter. Uicbael TyMn, F. S. A.', ifh*. 
conowBiaated la b'ni in ITTI, hf H* 
kiDdneaa of Mr. Qoagb,' mm oI Qbbm B^ 
zabMb'i SoAblk Pro i tawii, k'— -- ■- 

I. Ua< 

Mr. Cluton j vUt 

nty ondeitakinf I t 

orTOfalapUodour * ._ 

in Mr. Nidnlal Mpl* CoHaMlaa. «l 
Qnemi EtJiabclbl P i B gwiea. 
In tbe ArebMWi»,>ol. Xl\ 

ii ptialadOr. II«tHa^*"'B«plB.-, 

the InioripUoa vt $ Rih* ftom ike 4 
or 4utieDt BabjlDHj" iml Mv^ ^■ 
papert are loauM In 1^ Mm 
gailaa, panicubrl* aff oi " 
in U>e TenpU of Dndrn. 

tBI$. AT Candy, CeylM, Adam Daiie, 
Jkh... eiq. fd^or of tba lit Malay 
regnant. Althopgh tbe fata of thia gen- 

1 natural death ; and 
tbht tie r^^Hirta which were >o often cir- 
•utited reg^rdiogbii mutiUtioD and tor- 
ture Here totally unfounded. 

^813. '^ag.ll. it Uadrai, Cmbu* 
ntlitr SteWalt, eiq. of the E. 1. C.'i ibtp 
Uowttae^ Claailr. 

■Aug. 30^ ' At Aurungabad, Eait Indiea, 
Cat>t. Johb Syk^, 9ib reg. N. 1. Bombay. 

jt»g. ... At ViiBgapaiam, Capt. T. W. 
WatMn, df tbe £. I.e. 'a artillery, eldeit 
aao'Of th^lateT. Wataon, eaq. M. D. 

8^1.14.' At Bombay, C. Northeote, 
MO. -naVal oScer, fate of.ibe 

Sipl. 32. tUar-adn. Surlion, com. 
■iMder-<D.^bief in tbe E*at Indiet. 

Km. li, M Jamajca, in bit 34tb year, 
IL'Speare, eaq. ieere>*^ ^ Rtar-adm. J. 
K. Donglaa, commande'r-iii-cbtef of B, if- 
thipi^'lic M Ih^'MMiMi.. '.,-.. 

;. of SI. Petant)i/rr< paitaar biS 
D Qrm of Brandt, Bodde, aaf C^~ i^ 
Archangel J ■ beDtrnlaBt'amf, -aa Mb»i - 
tional* parent, and aa hieitiM^ila fr|ip4. 

Dae. 10. At bit htbcr'a, Ecnt>io«L im 
bii a9tb year, Mr. Ed«. Derby Lawifc 


Dte. 23. At Madeira, vbere bo «Mt 
for the reoonery of bia baiHb, WillhiA. 
eldeat Kn of W, CaaUemfDi Mtj. of Wtf> 
borse, CO. DoneL ' ">■ ■ - 

J}te. 96. At Hay, io Mt 6Mt 'year. 
Jaa. WilliNua, eaq. tate af KUIniUn, «<h . 
Brecon, for many yvarai fhilMdl aMtfao-' 
tire mapatrats for the couatiaa of Ra^' 
uor, Bmcod, and BeivtoM'. "' '' *' 

Dm. 2S. Capt. Henry UAMrdMn,!^.' 

Ueny Moaok, o.^. «W^jl«^driMt ' 
Horn Uady lTaidDta>mKeh,'«f 1h£^ . 

At EaMn, tgkdn^'WlM'lH^mL 

1816.] Obituarj/ ; xvith Anecdotes of re^narkable Persons. I8i 

. Dec. %9, At Tiverton, aged 72, Rev. 
Thomas Wood. 

Dec. 30. At Thoun'ne, Switzerland, of 
a disease of the heart with which he had 
been long afflicted, aged 33, Atkinson, 
younger san of James Bush, esq. l>octort 

In bis 82d year. Professor Tiphsen, for 
above half a century the ornament of the 
University of Rostock, well-known for his 
multifarious knowledge, particularly in 
Rabbinical and Oriental numismatics. 
But a few days before bis death, which 
was caused by an accumulation of phlegm 
upon the chest, this venerable and dis- 
tiuguit^hed orientalist was quite cheerful 
and busy in the library. 

18)6, Jan. ). At Cashio-bridge, Wat- 
ford, Herts, in bis 6dth year, Benjamin 
Kent, esq. of Clifford's-inn. 
At Clifton, Richard Carter, esq. for- 
merly a banker in London. '^ 
At Penrbyn Castle, co. Caernarvon, the 
Right ifon. Anne-Sussana, Barouess Pen- 
rhyn, widow of Richard Pennant, Lord 
Penrhyu, whose title became extinct in 
1808. — Her ladyship was the only daugh- 
ter and* heiress of General Thomas War- 
burton, of Winniogton, in Cheshire, by 
Anne« second daughter of Sir Robert 
Williams, hart- of Penrhyn, and co-heiress 
of her brother Sir John Williams, of Pen- 
rhyn, the fourth baronet. The deceased 
Peeress was married, November 16, 17§5, 
to Richard Pennant, Lord Penrhyn, who 
in right of his lady, and purchase from 
the represeniative of Owen, Lady Yonge, 
her sister, (made by his father, John 
Pennant, esq.) became possessed of the 
entire of the fine estate of Penrhyn, where 
his Lordship exerted the active beneficence 
of his disposition, and rendered his ex- 
tensive domains at once productive, orna- 
mental, and exemplary. 

At the Glebe near Uallynahinch, in his 
78ih year, Rev. James Ford. In early 
life, after he had completed his education 
in Dublin college, and obtained admission 
in the Established Church, he was en- 
gaged by the late Earl of Moira as chaplain 
to his family, and tutor to his son, the 
present Earl; serving at that time the 
Cure of Glenavy, from whence he was pro- 
moted to the vicarage of Maghradroil, or 
Ballynahinch, in which he performed the 
duties of a clergyman 53 years. 

In Dublin, of an inflammatory fever, 
aged 24, Draper Neville, esq. 

Jan, 2. In her 22d year, Ellen, eldest 
daughter of Joha Butler^ esq. Tavistock- 

The wife of Robert Crawford, esq. of 

At R. Broadb«lt's, esq. Batheaston villa, 
in her 64th year, Sarah, wife of J. K. Gard* 
B«r RemeySi eiq* of 3ertholey-bott40r 

At Clifton, Margaret, eldest daughter 
of John Montgomery, esq. of Fulwood 
Lodge, Lancashire. 

At Paris, after eight days' illness, the 
female Hottentot, whose person was pub- 
licly exhibited in London three or fonr , 
years ago, and excited coniiderable cu- 
riosity, under the designation of Uhe Hot' 
teniot Venus, 

Jan, 3. At Rev. Dr. Bell's, Westmin- 
ster, in her 89th year, Mrs. Lucy Bell. 

In Northumberland-street, Strand, aged 
87, Christ Fagan, esq. senior knight of 
the Royal Military Order of St. Louis. 

At Clapham, in his 82d year, Peter 
Brtadley, esq. 

At Spital, near Chesterfield, in her SIsfe 
year, Anie Katharine, relict of Rev. Jaba 
Bourne, only daughter of the late Rev« 
Samuel Pegge, LL.D. 

At Southampton, Lucy, second daugh- 
ter of the late Rt. Hon. Sir John Slielley, 

At Dawson-grove, co. Mooaghan, the 
infant son of Lord Cremorne. * 

Jan. 4. In Baker-street, James Laird, 
esq. M.D. formerly of the Medical Estal^- 
lishment, Bengal. 

In Westmoreland-place, John Ker, esq<t 
late of the Island of Grenada. 

At Pimlico, in his 68th year, Wm« 
Keale, esq. 

Aged 73, the wife of Gen. Donkin, of 

At Sheepscar, near Leeds, Sir D'Arof 
Molineux, ban. by whose death one of the 
oldest titles in the Baronetage is extinol. 
At Dunmanway, Cork, suddenly takea 
ill, after going lo bed in apparently per- 
fect health, and died in a few minutea. 
Rev. Dr. Silitto, a clergyman of the Ee- 
tablished Church. 

Jan, 5. In Baker-street, in hii 49ili 
year,Lieut.-gen. Sir Geo. Prevost, Colantl 
of the 16th foot, and late Govemor-iji'- 
Chief and Commander of the Forces m 
the British Coloni^is, North America. Sir 
George Prevost, who by his awn roerila 
had attained a high rank in his«prpfetsioiit 
was first brought into the notice of his So- 
vereign as a Lieut.-coIanel in a baltailioA 
of the 60th regiment, serving in the Wcti 
Indies ; in which situation he distinguifli* 
ed himself at St. Vincent, where he iraf 
severely wounded \ and for his conduct on 
that occasion, as well as in the subsequent 
operations in the West Indies, he was pro* 
moted to the rank of Brigadier, and had 
afterwards the Government of Daminica 
conferred upon him, as a mafk of his Ma- 
jesty's approbation : for his gallant and 
successful defence of that Island agajmt 
a very superior force of the enemy, as 
well as for his conspicuous conduct at Si, 
Lucia,, in 1803, he was created a Baronal. 
Shortly after his> return to .England froai . 
the Weft Indies in 1805; hi was appointed 



1 S4 OMwpn/; xmth Anecdotes \f remdrkmble Petamu. [lirtlf 

JLieutenant-governor of POrtsmoatb, ^d 
in the commaiid of tbe troopk in that- 
district. In 1808 he was. aelected to fill 
the importaat chargfi'of Lieutenaot-goirer- 
nor aiMl Lteotenani-geDeral, conmiandiiig 
tlie forces in tbe proYtnce of Nova. Scotia.'. 
In the autamn of ibe lame year ke pro- 
ceeded vith a divitioa of troops from Haw 
lifax to the West Indies, and was second, 
in oommand updn tbe expedition at the 
capture of tbe Island of Martioiqae. After 
tliaft senrioe bad .beau -flompietedi he 're- 
turned to his Gofemawnfe in Nova Scotia ; 
and upon tbe resignation of General Sir 
James Craig, be was cj^led'to fill the high 
and responsible situation of. OoTeniOr-in« 
Cbiefi and Commander of tba fbrces in all 
British North America. He retnmed to 
England early in. 1614, to answer certain 
charges preferred against him, tbe invea* 
tigation of which bad been akme pfOT^nt- 
edy prior to his decease, by eisntci altoge- 
ther beyond his control. Sir George Pm* 
vest's successful defence of tbe Canadas 
for nearly tbre^ years, against a numeroua- 
and formidable enemyi and under circum- 
stances of peculiar difficulty, together with 
his other important services in the West 
Indies, will be long remembered, and a 
grateful country will not refuse to do jus^ 
tice to. the memory of one, who, it liiay 
be truly said, was a gallant spirit, a man 
with pure hands, and a most jealous and 
devoted servant of his Sovereign.— -fThe dt^ 
order which shortened tbe days of ibis dis- 
iingnislied officer was dropsy, occasioned 
by a debilitated oonatitniion, worn down 
by. the fatigues and' anxieties attendant 
upon the arduous duties of Jiis late com* 
mand. Tbe first symptoms of the disease 
made their appearance during the jour- 
ney which he was obliged to undertake 
oveir-kind, at a most inclement seatoh, 
from Quebec to St. John^ .New Brunswictr, 
in order to embark ^r Engktnd ; to tbe 
exertions of which, it has siace appeared, 
he ^as wholly unequal ; and these symp^ 
toms gradually increasing aftvr bis arri- 
val in this country, be was indticed to re- 
move from bis seat at Beknont, in^Uamp^ 
•hire, to London, early in tbe last mootb, 
for the benefit of the best medical advices 
bnt tbe. rapid progress of bis complaint' 
Imffied the skill of his physicians. Dr. BaiU 
lie and Sir Gilbert Blaoe^ - His remains 
were removed from bis bouse in Baker- 
street, on the Uth Jam and deposited in 
Ibe family aanlt at East Baroet, Herta, 
attfanded by his iie»r relktions, a lew of 
hiapavtienlnr friends, and tbe officers wko 
iMMopOf ed bis peiyonal staff in Canada.— 
Bir^ftofgePr^voat was ibe eldest son -of 
Afi^ff^gcasral lAngttstine Prevost,- who 
jorved under Guneqil Wolfe, and was se- 
.▼aifly. vonnded'0#tkeff|kMiM of Atembnm« 
msd. who 'aterwarda- Vh — infcHiy : di 
.fiiialMd. hiBMHi '^ ^^ ficgt^wimni 

by his defeaoe of Savanaabw . The 
ing brothers of Sir George are bolls is 
Mi^esty's service, tbe eldoata.t 
tain in the' Royal Navy, and the 
Colonel iii the Army.^-^ir OeorfO 

marri<^ intbe year 17^9, CathuMine,' 

of Major-gen. Phipps, who aurvhreK-hitv 
together with a son, a jflsinnr, im^toi mioi ' 
oeeds <to the title, and two dasifitetj* '■ - 

At Pmitico, in bia tdd' j^ay faiiMg 
Eaton, esq. ^- , *v:t- ^/-aimi 

Aged 60, 6eorge Sntherland, nifc^ct 
KenningtoOi lat* ofcBath.^ ■ . « 

Jan. 6. At Haekneyf aged(6l^, ^&mmm 
Winder, eaq. a very old a«d>ife«p«BMUj» 
inhabitant of fk. Anne's, Jamaioa.' ■ ' ■ 

Geo. Clowes, esq. formerly captein in * 
tbe 8th foot, Idkig statieoed invCknaMa dk*. 
ring tbe American war. .* ,' '\ 

At Chipping; near BuntingftMrd,ttf nr-dkvs 
cUoe, in her 18th year, Mary, eWint diiiii 
of Rev. Henry JUoydi D.a Begtan f irt fci i 
SOT of Hebrew, in Cambridge' Pni fi»i g | ty^ .ii 

At Oxford, aged 84, Wnu Bediii iM^ . 
formerly an eminent attonwy uv-LMsUni 

At Clifton, in hIaBfld yenr,*il099r MfU 
callb, esq. lata Depnty QmrnrnkwrnrfBi^ 
neral. . *• - . *. 

At Pier's^iU barraeksfndiHUiakwfh^ 
in his d3d year, Wv ChadiqtkHi, Mq^H A 
Surgeon of tbe<6tb drag.*gnaffdlii • . m . .V 

At Warsaw^, nged 195, F. MbMM^Ii. 
Polish gentleman. He married hit inoMli 
wife at 99 1 a dnnghter nbw Mmftm$llm 
frnk of this marriage. • In 46Mriterlld» 
liab government gvaoibd: ldm*tik^fMMiai . 
of 300# florins, which tbe EmperqiP^AtaB* 
aiidercontimiediiH'hii4c«dr<> ■-'-=-» * - 

Jen. 7. At Tooting, the ddeiA'ak^gtor * 
of the late Wm. Barr, esq. ef «Mikli«flik| ^ 
and of Wood-lodge; Skooter^Miifl.''. >!•■(«." « 

At Hampton •coort-fMilao*^ in 4iii 4Vlli 
year, S. F. Dawson, son of tbolMIJ lb 
Dawaon, esq. of Ripofn-furb^noob-Y^MB^- • 

In bis 61 St year, fi^R^iBliiMleflV) 
Alderman of Lynn. • - 
' At Ely, egsid 70, Rev. Mr^ 
Redor of Soutkery, Noffolk; *> ■ 

Jen. 8. AtUpperC)aploaf«n4^»tW 
wife of Tbomws Brosi esq. < '- -v -i -^"^ 

At StreathAfl^ John JJI^MMV^MNfi ImqIbm^ 
Mincii^lane. ' ' ' •<•■•. i «m -u . • 

Wm. Jesbna W. 11aylor»i cMp^'ste' 
nent solicitor of Balh, %mil « 
thatcdrpordlson. - 

W. L. Nash, esq. of 
edge, CO. Olonaeitar* • " ' < 

AtWeilboniy, his Sercnefl lgtoaik Umi 
Prince of Nnssan Weilboiiifv -fir WM 
ntucked by a fit of apopteiy wliilar mjm 
up etairs) snd fisH kssekwaidlrj%iMr ^mt 
found in that state, senaaleiS) b^^NrBik 
reditary -PrinUr, sM^ mMv t4**iaellf* It 
hours. As ke was aloBOy t Ud MW K i mHh 
•BpiktMHrd, it waa ^^- hwmtm^tm Mg hn 
i^enninedk in tknt aitniioMi IhWiirftmni 
in-lmr «r tbe Afelidak«ClM«l«r^<iW Btt. 

, ■■«■ f r 

48 i$.] Obituaty:; with AnecdMes^remkr habit P^rmi^. 1 8i5 

redtUry Prince uf WeWboarg has, in fiiiue 
pf a fomilf cofDpaot, astumed the reins of > 
Governmeiil in common vith the Duke of 

Jan. 9. At Blackheath, in hiv 75tb year, 
John 9t. Barb«» esq. aoe of the £lder 
Brethren of the Trinity House, formerly ' 
of hi* Maje>tyl5 Na*y. 

At Quiidfofdt Surrey, Amie, relict of 
Rev, Jatnes HiU, LL.D. rector of Put- 
tenham, and vicar of Wonersh, hi th*t 

In his 73ii year, John Bates, esq* of • 
Wycombe Marsb, Bucks. 

Aged 98, Rev. Joseph Richmond, D.D. ' 
^redoi; of NewBham, witk Mapiedurwell^ 

At Ashburton, Devon, found dead in : 
his bed, supposed to bave been caused 
by aa apoplectic fit, aged 41, Rev. John 

At bis relation's, Mr. Broadhnrst, Jor* 
dangate, Macclesfield, ia his 60th year, 
T. Gould, esq. many years steward to 
Lord Ducie, of Tortwortb, co. Gloucester, 
ftud Straugeways, Lancashire. 

Aged 7 1, Thomas Salvm, esq. of Easing- 
woid, CO. York. 

Jan. 10. In Milbank-ro«r, Westminster, 
aged 88, Richard Dickinson, esq. of U. M. 
,Ordoance*office in the Tower. 
. T. W. Gale, esq. late of the Transport 

Wm. Bruce, esq. sfssistant initpector of 
Military Stores to the East India Company. 
Mrs. Mary Salisbury,' Curzon - street, 

At St. John*s*loUga, Herts, the lady of 
Gen. Sir Cornelius Cuyler, hart. She was 
A-nne, daufrhter of Major Richard Grant, 
and has left issue seven children. 

At Penzance, James Hussey, esq. of 

In Edinboigh, aged 59, Alex. Dcwar, 
esq. late of Calcotta. 

Jan. 11. At Newington, Surrey, in bis 
31st year. Lieut. George Somraerville, R.N« 
Aged 70, Rev. James Aspinwali, late 
vicar of Kempston, co. Bedford. 

Richard Wyatt, esq. of Treeman^, Sus- 
sex. He served the office of Sheriff in 1 78*7. 
Tiiomas Ivory, esq. of Clifton. 
At Edinburgh, C. H. Cogan, esq. late 
of the 3d foot guards. 

Jan. H. At Bath, aged 86, Marmaduke 
Peacocke, esq. 

Jan, 13. In Park-street, Caroline, wife 
of H. Peters, j«n. esq. ^ 

In the CommerciaUroad, in bis 59ih 
year, Daniel Sfephens, esq. 

At Brompton, Duncan Sbawe, esq^ late 
of Cadiz, merchant. 

George, third son of Edw. Putland, esq. 
.Summer-house, Carshalton, Surrey. 

At Great Torrington, Deron, Penelope, 
second daughter of Rer. George Wickey, 
of that place* 

C^NT. Mag. February f 1S16« 


From the effects of a fall whUst shoot- 
ing on the ^ inst. by which three of bfs 
ribs were broken, one of which perforated 
his liings, in his ^Ith year, Richard An- 
drews, esq. of Petersfield, Hants, where 
he formerly practised as an attorney. 

At Oxford, aged 19, Henry, youngest 
son of James CroWdy, esq. Highworth, 

A^ed4^, John 'Bradley, esq. iron-master> 
of Stourbridge. 

Aged 21, Jane, last surviving daughter 
of the late Robert Vizer, esq. of Bristol. 

Jan* 14. . In Upper Brook>street, Eliza* 
beth, second daughter of T^ H. VaTasotir, 
esq. of Rochdale* 

In the Cathedral Precinct, Canterbury, 
Mrs. Gregory, relict of the late feev. Wil- 
liam Gregory, M.A. master of Eastbridge 
Hospital, in that city. • 

At Bath, agbd ^, Mrs. Longslow, relAst 
of Richard Longslow, M.D. A.M. late o£ 
the Hotwells, Bristol. 

In her 84tfa year, ElizabetTi, sold sur* 
viving daughter of the late Rev. J. Had*> 
don, rector of Warrington. 

Near Valenciennes, after a few honrs 
illness, most deservedly Tamented, Capt» 
Courtenay llbert, R. A. fifth son of tlie 
late Wm. llbert, esq. of Bowringsleigb^ 

Jan. 15» AtBatb, in his SOtfa year, Joha 
Bathoe, esq. 

In his 89th year, Henry Har!ngtoii» 
M.D. and alderman of Bath. DesceqdM 
from an ancient and honourable family, 
who long possessed considerable influence 
and property in the neighbourbood, be 
had become identified in a manner with 
the town, and appeared a yenerable yfet 
graceful Antiquity amidst its modem re- 
finements. The mildness and suavity of 
his address and deportment, his genll6* 
manly manners, his talents, his acquire- 
ments, and a large fund of anecdotlcal 
recollections, rendered him a companion 
at once delightful and instructive. His 
name in the musical world stands de- 
servedly high as a composer ; and, with- 
out being a performer on any instrument, 
he thoroughly understood the science of 
musick. His productions, whether hu- 
mourous or grare, whether light or sacred, 
from the festive catch to the sublime jGA^', 
alike display the refined taste of a con- 
noisseur, and the powerful conception of 
a master. Perfectly familiar with classi- 
cal literature, Dr. H. was equalled by few 
as a general scholar ; and his Latin com- 
positions were distinguished by their pu- 
rity and elegance. Some eiquisite sped<« 
mens in his oative tongue prove that he 
possessed, in no mean degree, the reqol-' 
sites of a Poet. His passage through life 
exemplified the mikl influence of the re- 
ligion be professed ; and bts death, witb>* 
out pain and without a itiroggle, gave to hS> 


186 Obituary ; with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. [Feb* 

surviving friends a true spectacle of the In bis 35th year, Capt Hervey Bigol, 

Christian Euikanasia. Dr. Haringtoo did R. N. third surviving sob of tin late Rav« 

not appear much before the world as an Waiter Bagot, of Biithfleld. 

author: but he edited, from his family At Wanstead> in hii 59tk yaMTy Slvii 

papers, the very entertaining volumes of Boyn, etq<. 

Nvg€e Antique. He aUo composed and At AshbuitOBy Rev. Wn. AidrUg<t^ 

published a Geometrical Demnnstration Cockey. 

of the Indivisibility of the Tri- Unity, un- «/an, 19. Id tondoo, Mrs. M^BtMd^ 

der the title of " Symbolon Trisagion ;*> felict of tba late Jamas HmotSM^ esq. 

and a Treatise on the Use and Abuse of At Parson's graea* Hanry Ti 

Mufick. esq. of Olveaton^ co. QUmctaUr* 

Jan. 16. At Hythe Barracks, suddenly, In his 18tb year, Daniel» soo of 

T. H. Mann, esq. paymaster of the ^ Moore, esq. late of the islaadof 

batL 3d (Buffs) foot. whose virtue and talents oomnaiidod 

At Powderham Rectory, suddenly, aged admiration of all who knew bim. 

59, Rev. Timothy Napleton, rector of that Maria, el^eei daughter of Dr. 

parish and of North* Bovey. I^yer, Bristol- 

Jan. 17. In Mansfield - street, John At Manchester, in his 34rth 3fMir» 

Heath, esq. one of the Judges of the Court Bradshaw, esq. F. S. A. of Daroey Lever, 

of Common Pleas. Tiiis venerable Judge near.Bolton-le-Moort, Lancashire, aad of 

had been for some time in such an infirm Yale. co. Gloucester, in the commiMmi oCT 

state of health, (hat be was about to retire the Peace for the county of Laooaater, a 

from the Bench, bnt his death was ex- . FeoffVe of Chetbam*s Hospital, and Liettt- 

tremely suddea. He had received an in- colonel of the Bolton local militia. HU 

vitation from Sir Vicary Gibbs to an en- death was occasioned by the ovortomiaf 

teriainmeiit, and was in the act of reply- of the Preston mail at Peiidletott, by vfaioli 

ing, «h«n- he dropped down in a fit of his ancle was dreadfully lacerated,, both 

apoplexy, and expired. He formerly filled boues of the leg broken, and his frane r»- 

tlie office of Town-clerk of Bxeier ; and eeived a general and fatal concowioB. Ha 

has left a legacy of about 20,000/. to his huiguished four days, 

friend Mr. Gattey, the present Town-clerk At Pari^, Sir Thomas Windsor Hanlokeb 

of that city. The following testimony to bart.> of Wingerwopth, co. Derby. Hesne« 

his character was delivered in the Court ceeded his father, Sir Henry, Nov. 16,. 

of Common Pleas: — *< Nobody bad a 1801, and married, Oct. 18, 1807, Anne, 

higher rospect for the opinions and cha- eldest daughter of Thomas Eodeston^ ef 

racter of (hat learned Judge than himself Scarisbrick-hall, oor Lancaeter, esf. by 

[Sir Sauiuel Shepherd] ; and nobody more whom he had issue two danglers, and a 

sincerely re^frtiited hi^ loss. He owed it son, Henry (bom Sept. 30, 18 li) who 

to his own fei'liogs to say, that he always ceeds to the title. 

considered him to be an aKle and upright Jan. 20. In Curzon-street, Mrs. 

Jud^e, as well as a worthy and valuable widow of the late Cornelius Dcmie, esq. 

man;, and he was convinced that, in de- At his house in Kent isb-town, Alexander 

daring these seiitimeiits of respect for his Moore, esq. having nearly attained the 

memory, he had tliu coiicurrence of all his very advanced age of 85 years. Be was 

Breihion of tlie Bar. His duty required lineally descended from the Mnerss oC 

from hitn ttuch a tribute to tiie learned Keyhani, an ancient family in the 0Biinty 

Judjj:e, when the menliuu of hiK name fur- of LeiccsLcr. 

iiifhp.d I lie opportunity of paying it; and At Ludwigslut, the Princess of Mneklott* 

h({ fcit a pleas;ir(r in the Mt" hur^h Schwerin (bom Prineess of 

Henry Wiidman, esq. of Layton, Kssex. Weimar), seooud wife of the HeredilnrV 
Mrs. Urin^% relict of Uev. Robert Dring, Prince of Mecklenburgh Sehwcrin. 
of Kockgrovc, to. Waierford, sister of the Jan, 21. At her auni's(Mrs« 

idte Col. Fitzgerald, of Corkabcg, and of Bedford-row), Lueinda Maria, daughter of 

Sir 1 iios. Fitzgerald, bait. Rev. Robert Benson, of York. 

Ja/i. IS. At Islington, in her 94th year, (n Princes - street. Cavendish - square, 

Mrs. Anne Jenks, widow of Mr. George Capt. li. Price, aid-de-camp to the late 

Jeuks, coach'm:>stt.r, uiio d.ed m 179., Sir Tliomas Picton at the baUle of Water* 

and the reputed mother (bnt lUU is ^aid loo, and nephew of Rev. Dr. Robert Price, 

to be ncvt very certain) of Air. Gecr^e one of ihecauens residentlsry of Salisburj 

Jenks who died ill Jdly last, (bce uur vui. Cathedral. 

LX^XV. p. IbS.) lier corpse ^sxa pre- At Camberwell, Eliaabeth, nnly dnnfh* 

ceded by six of her old st.i|$e-coaehmen, ter of the late Rev. WbelerBnnee, viear 

fraruished with hatbands and gloves. She of St. Clement's, Sandwich. . 

possv^scd very considerable property ; At Upton-Court, Shephesdmell, Keat, 

some pari of which wdl mou probably he aged 72, Mrs. Eliatabetb- Boteter; n 

kibaretl by the .GeutleiDCii of th« Luuj; Jady whose rare .endowuMMta nsight havn 

Koue in Lluuolo'«-iud-hall. secured to her no nMA ihetn off thsfe 


1816.] Obituary; with Anecdotes of remarkabU Persons. 187 

praiee whioh has -been beftowed en many 
of her contemporaries, if she had pre- 
ferred her clahn to it ; for she was bless. 
«d by Nature with extraordinary poivers 
of mind, a sound judgment, and connect 
taste, which she had embellished bv va- 
rious and extensive reading, being ac- 
«]uainted with the best authors in the Eng- 
lish language; whose treasures an un- 
ii.<aaUy retentive memory had made her 
own. Bat, although ber modesty and love 
of the tiranquillity of a retired Irfe forbad 
lier engaging in any pursuit that might 
Aave drawn ber into pobfic notice, yet 
Jkhe g^oodness of her heart would not suf- 
fer ber to be an inactive and useless mem- 
lier of society. -She was a sound and sin- 
oere Ciirittian, and by consequence a 
Mend of the poor, whose conditipn she 
jitudied with great attention. By so doing, 
«he was enabled to render them much 
soore essential service than by pecuniary 
charities, of which, however, she was a 
liberal dispenser. By impressing upon 
Uiem tba obii.iration and advantage of 
oleaolinesfl, frugality, and industry, she 
iatrodaoed into (Ibetr cottages a degree of 
confort, to which too many cottages are 
strangers j but, above all, by a peculiarly 
persuasive manner of conversing with 
them, she had the happy art of preserv- 
ing peace and good-will amongst them, 
often preveating'qoarivls ; and when that 
oottld not be, composing their differences, 
and reconciling tb^ to one another. By 
iKimbers of these humble neighbours, and 
by a respectable and pretty extensive 
circle of friends and acquaintance, her 
memory will loiig be cherished, as a cheer- 
ful and instructive companion, and a dis- 
creet and tender benefactress. 

At Richmond, co. York, Rev. Francis 
Blackbume, LL.B. vioar of Brignall '25 
yeacs, eldest son of the late venerable 
Archdeacon Blackbume. 

At Penryn, Cornwall, the wife of Rt. 
Hon. G. Knox, of Dublin, sister of C. 
Portescne, esq. of Glyde Farm, co. T^uth. 
kt Brussels, suddenly (on hearing of 
the death of her illustrious husband) the 
Princess of Nassau - Weilbourg, Louisa 
Isabella Alexandrina (see p. 184.) 

Jan. 22. In Piccadilly, Sir Drummond 
Smith, bart. of Tring Park, Herts, brother 
of Joshua and Thomas Smith, and of the 
late J.Smith Burgess, and uncle of the 
Marchioness of Northampton. He had 
been twice married ; -first to Mary, eldest 
daughter of 'Sir UUis Cunliffe, bart. and 
secondl^y, to Elizabeth MoncKton, eldest 
daughter of William, second Vise. Gal- 
way, and relict of Sir Francis Sykes, 
who survives him; but he has left no issue 
by either marriage. 

At Newport, co. Moninouth, aged 68, 
Joseph Emerson, esq. many years an emi- 
jiQiit jewdiar ia the North of England, 

Jan, 23. At Palmer's-green, aged 90, 
Mary, relict of Peter Fountain, esq. 

In his S2d year, John Comport, esq. of 
Da tston. 

At Rose green, near Battle, in conse- 
quence of a blow from a cricket-baU, 
Lieur.-col. Prescot, 5th Drag, guards. 

At Long Ashton, Somerset, in bis 70th 
year, John Fisher Weare, esq. His heart 
was ever open to the impulses of huma- 
nity j and his charity — active, yet unos- 
tentatious. His unremitting attention to 
the duties of a Christian r— his genuine 
befievolence — and his mild, friendly, and 
ho<^it able disposition-^ rendered bim at 
once an ornament to human nature, and 
an object of respect and affection to all 
who knew him. 

At Kirkleatham, CO. York, in her 70th 
3F€ar, Mrs. Tanner, who formerly kept a 
seminary of 'the highest respectability, 
first at Ullesthorp, then at Enderby, and 
lastly at Wigston, co. Leicester. Her pri- 
vate life was an unvaried scene of good- 
ness and humanity ; and as a governess, 
she was distinguished by a superiority of 
manners and intellect, .blended with ma- 
ternal affection and a strict regard to the 
comfort and happiness of ber numerous 

At Durham, Miss Sharp, daughter of 
the late Rev. Dr. TbooMS Sharp, preben- 
dary of Durham, and archdeacon of Noht- 

Jan, 24. In Bryanstone-street, Port- 
man-square, aged 76, Mrs. Mary Anne 
Gibbes, widow of J. Gibbes, esq. of 
Charlestown, South Carolina. 

In■Mouut•^treet, Hon. Apsley Bathurst, 
D. C. L. and fellow of All Souls college « 
son of the ilate £arl, and only brother of 
the -present Earl iiai hurst. 

Aged 29, HeniiettaAnne, wife of Charles 
Jacomb, esq. of Hunter-street, Brunswick- 

In Half-moon -street, Piccadilly, George 
Edwards, esq. 

At the Earl of Hardwicke's, Tittenban- 
ger, near St. Alban's, James Yocke, esq. 
third son of the late Lord Bishop of Ely, 
and steward to the Dean and Chapter of 
that Cathedral. 

Jan. 23. In Burr-street, in his 50th 
year, James Flower, esq. coal -merchant. 

On Clapbam-common, Robert Barclay, 
esq. of Lombard-street, banker. He was 
descended from a very honourable family 
amongst the Quakers, and inherited the 
beneficence of his ancestors. 

Christiana, relict of the late T. Swale, 
esq. of the Views, Hunts, and of Mildeo- 
hall, Suffolk, youngest daugJiter of tha 
late Sir Gillies Payne, bart. of Tempsford- 
hall, CO. Bedford. 

At Warwick, W. J. S. Hunt, esq. latf 
of the Royal Navy, and great nephew of 
the late Gen. H. W. PoweU. 


188 Ohitudry ; with Anecdotes qf renUitkaMe Pef turns. ? [WtU 

Jan, 26. At Predtbury, co. Gloucester, 
whilher he had relired from the fatigues of 
a laborious profession, Francis Welles, esq. 
for many years a hulicitor of the first 
eminence. With a mind clear, cumpre- 
heasive, vigorous, and ind«^'fatigable, he 
early applied himself to the attainment of 
professional acquirements, which, with an 
iincommon perseverance and activity, soon 
brought him into reputation, and led him 
in tb(v end to the summit, of his profession. 
Naturally giren to investigation, and 
bfing of a cool and delii>eraie reflection, 
he \va!> alike remarkable for depth of re« 
search, profoundness of learning, and so- 
lidity of judgment; and, not confining his 
attention to any particular branches of his 
profession, his mind had ranged thK>ugb 
the whole, and given him- powers of a very 
extraordinary kind. Benevolent in his d is 
position, he devoted bis abilities, as well 
to the service of the poor, as of the rich ; 
and, though generous in all things, he was 
peouliaily Soof hi> pr'^fessiooal knowledge, 
which he communicated to his younger 
brethren, with a disinterestedness and fa- 
cility rarely known. One who is indebted, 
to th»i source for much inf.<.mation, offers 
thi8 tribute to the MK-mory of him who is 
no more, lamenting, wih I ho profession at 
laige, the lo«s ot one of lift onghtest orna- 
ments ; and with the publick the depriva- '■ 
tion of a valuable member of sbcieiy. 

Jan, ... At Limerick, Grice Smyth, esq. 
of l>al!iiie<ra. eo. Water^)rd. He was ii 
nealiy dehccnded -from Sir Fercy ^^mith, of 
Saliinetra, knt. who died in 1657, which 
Sir pcicy was son of Sir Richard Smith, 
knt. b) Mary Boyle, bistef of Kichard, 
the first Earl of Cork. 

l/if^li/.-— At Biadbourn Parki the seat 
of S'.r John Twisd^n, bart. Dame Eliza- 
beth Iwigden, relict of Sir John Papilion 
Twi^den, bart. an<l danghter of the late 
Admiral Sir Francis Geary, bart. 

At Bristol, Mr. Joseph Herbert, an ho- 
norary member of the Geological Society, 
whose a»!s;duity and knowledge in that 
science was universally acknowledged by 
those who have witnevsed his eflfurts, and 
seen his beautiful cabinet of minerals, 
fossils, shells, &c. the collection of S20 
y^ars, and which ar&to be disposed of. 

Feb. 1. In Merrion*square South, Dub- 
lin, in hisS8ih year, the fiighi Hon. Joshua 
Allen, fifth Viscount Allen, Baron Allen of 
Stiliorgan. HisLortishipwas bornApril'io, 
1723, and was fourth son of the H'>n. Ri- 
chard Allen, knight of ttie shire for K41- 
darc (whoiiie eldest son, John, became 
fourth Vidcount Alien, in 1745, as first 
cnusin < and heir mftic of John, third Vis- 
count, and died unmarried in 1753, when 
the title devolved to his. brothet Joshua, 
fifth and late peer.) .He' was eariy bred to 
arms, served iu the army in Qennany, af 
Captain of the 37tb regiment ^ foot dur« 

iog the campaigot of 1758, 1159, Mkl 
1760, under the command of Prioca Fer« 
dinand of Brunswick, and was womided 
in the memorable battle of Mindee in 1759. 
I^ 1761, be waa appointed Deputy Quar- 
ter-master General to the Britiah troops 
sfiut to the relief of Portugal oodar tb9 
command of General Lord Tyrawley, mhnw 
he served until the Peace; in 1769, bo 
was chosen Member of Parliament for 
Eye, in Suffolk, for which borough he waa 
re-elected iu the ensuing ParliameDi| ia 
1763 he.was sent to joiu his regimoBt i» 
JVJioorca, and was soon afttr appointed 
Capiain of a company in the first regi« 
nient of foot guards, from which he fo* 
tired in J 775. — Ttie Viscoupt obtained- n 
ptension of 600/. a year in 1770, tbo 
principal esUiei of iUe Allen family bar* 
ing paUed away from the male line, m 
1.753, to Lady Carysf rrt and Lady New- 
haveo, sisters and eo-heirea^ea of John, 
ti^ird Viseount Allen. His Loidabip mar* 
ried. August 5, 1781, Frances. cldeH 
daughter of Gaynor Barry, esq. of 0omM- 
ton, go. Mearh, by whom he bad iasnt 
Joshua William, the prnpeofc *od aiath 
Viscount; Fraoces- Elisabeth-; and Leti-- 
tk-Dorothea, married May 17, |tt06, th# 
Hon. William Herbert, Ihirdsoo'ot Havfy 
first Earl i>f Carnarvon. 

Fed, 3. At the V iees, RoobestoTv Marj» 
wife of Hionuis EUioU» esq. 

At Cartton, near MiddlebMi*; Yovk« 
shire, Mrs. Elizabeth Buckie, relict of Mr, 
Anthony B. Id her eharaoter abo was 
beaevolent, hospitatUe, ebarilaUe* looked 
up to and regarded almostio adoration by - 
the poor, highly re«pec«ed by tKe.wealthjTt 
admired aad beloved by alk • She waa at 
once cheerful and pious. In. a irord sbo. 
was a good Christian* -Sbe died at tfie. 
advanced age of 82. ' • ^ 

Fiib.S. In Montagu- plecOf Blooms* 
bury, in his 58ih year, 8ir Henrj Dnm- 
pier, knt. .one of his Majesty's Justices of 
the Court of Kmg's Benob. - The .talentt 
and qualities of this great man were of ap 
pre-eminent n nature, (hat few can jnstlj 
appreciate thcin ; and no one i$an too 
highly extol ihem. Ha was.fhougbtto b« 
a classical scholar scarcelfr inferior tQ 
any of the most learned of h»i cnntem^a- 
rsries. In bis , legal practioe beeeMted 
uoiversal esteem. Unassiimiag in bia be- 
haviour, he. conciliated ihe; regard e/oU 
who werie connected with hinu In ooo- 
versatico he was br ikliaot, cainMiiMientive» 
and instructive. He attained no^-to bifl 
eskolted station iby adherence to sny po- 
litical party, but •was seteWed vboilgr oa 
siQcuunt of bia exatol ^biliiiel. i Eminently • 
dtstingiiiiibed as •hia:lfigal mishftenliona 
were, yet they were not oenAasd to the 
qierailine of bia prbfetsipo^ for h» was 
known to be as «iiel4acqoatntiMl wttb tfpo^ . 
siasttonlf ac.wiib.eQmiKHi Jav^ . Hor v«ns> 


IBIC)] Obituary J mik:Jnecdoi€i tf renuarkabU Pers9m^ >S9 

ht IcBp vttrfad ift tiMologyiL 'then in cvcrjt wm not ••tiraly free.fion pnrjiidiot in 
oUmr b^nek of noicttoi! ; and while nuM fait ccMDMidmtion of U ; but> ^s be 'stated 
gf bis leiturer heart were devoted to tbti bis donriciioo of itt ioipropriel^y, w6 
•tu^ J, lie evinced the finBness of bit be* 0«Vbt to urn him credit (or the best mo* 
]ief of the eacred tn>tbf <tf Cbrittieiiity by ^vet* Itt (Mriyete life he wef beloved end 
e condact correspoodent witli itf pjreceptv. retpecUd by e vide cii^le of friende & 
In whatever poiiH of view we beheld biei, be wee ever leedy to ■kretcb forth hit 
.whether io public or in private life, we band to modest riKrit, and partieuierly 
•hall see much to admire, and very little dMiroot of, introdocinff to the notice (3 
to eopdemn. And jhontd tbia tribute to Kin acqUaintanoe any one possessing the 
the memory of sucif an eioellent man be least share of ability. It maybe ttuly 
ascribed to the partiality of friendship, an said of bim that in losing bioii we lose a 
appnal may coofidently be made*to pnb- part of ourselves* and the best part! Itt 
be opiniooy which has avowedly declared, a word, bis practical abilities, and non«r- 
that, bj^ the death of Mr. Justice Dampier, ous virtues > and excellencies,, rendered! 
the Law has lost one of it> brightest Or- biiath^ ornament of hi9 profession, a«4 
namenVB, and Society one of its most va« jin b^noor to bnman nature, 
biable members. He has left a widow and JA*^w 4^ At bia afturtnients in Battd- 
five cbildrenr street,. ip bia lUt year, Richard I<ord Vis* 
: F(e6, 3. Inl^ew-slVeet, $pfing-gefdenS| oo«ai Kitswilliam of the kingdom of 
IB his 70tb year, John 3i«eb, esq. Sur- Ifflaai|i>«.yi<je.admiral pi the province of 
gaon extraordinary to the Prince Regent, LeiiHiJiff sad P. R. S. Dying., a bachelor, 
and one of the surgeons of St, Tbemashi bit ia^tote^edby bis next ^ncviving bre^ 
Hospitalp To a mind stored with every tber .tbe ,^n. John . Fitzwttltam. The 
tpcciesof knowledge that conldadem hu4 oobJe. Viaeqnnt^ by bie will has given 
inn nature^ was United the most pleasing tbe fol^w|Bg very, nol^e, benefoction to 
address and polished suavity of manners, the eac^lint aeminary where be com<« 
Tbe friend and companion of yooog men« . pleted bis edacatioo,. and where be oh- 
be omitted no opporlunity of instructing twined the^^gre^ of M. A. in'l^i(H. To 
aad amusing them; he adapted bis dis« this^ Cbaocallor, Masters, and Scholars 
coarse to the differeiikt dispositions of idU of ^be Cisiversity. of Cambridge, be has 
and no oao could hare the good fortune - beqiUHitfaed all his new South-Sea Annai- 
to be aoquaioted vtitb him 4Mlont bebiy **^ *Hb tbe proceeds and dividends of - 
pleased and impfovad by^.Mi eoavenetion. whidi they are to bqild.e Museum^ a Re« ^ 
By bim the woodeffut popev of electricity pesicory to contain ,all his pictures, por- 
vae applied as a remedy for disease wirb traits, framed or uaframed, prjnis, books ^; ^. ^ 
tbe greatest soccms ; and to him we are bound or unboned, manuscripts, musick 
indebted for the advantages of the simple, bound and unbound, busts, statues^ gems, -> {^'^ 
powerful, and portable form to which the precious stones, bronzes,, kc^; and until 
electrical machine has been redoced. He such Museum i;} built, to hire a house to 
published, in 1780, Considerations on the place them in, to salarizethe ofl^cers ap- 
£fficacy of this application in cases of pointed by the University to take care of 
Uterine Obstruction; and in 1799 he ad- tbe collection; and all the regrolations, Ace. 
dressed a letter to Mr. George Adams, are to be conformable to the Statutes, 
containing some most extraordinary cufes Feb. 7. In York-street, Dublin, Anne, 
performed by it, which <was published in the wife of Joseph Farran, esq. 
Adams's Treatise on Electricity. This he Feb. 12. At Glasgow, after a short ilU 
republished in |803, in consequt>nce of the tiess, Edw. Dtivies, e^q. of Avening-houscK 
f rest demand for the former edition. His near Minchinhampton, co. Gloucester, 
nsemory and abilities will be farther per- Feb. 17. Aged 28, Urry Johnson, esq, 
|>ftuated by the valuable communications commander R. N. second son of the Rev. 
with which he has enriched the periodical John Johnson, rector of Great Parndon, 
journals. The practice of Vaccination Essex. This young officer .was us much 
found in bim a steady and powerful op- distinguished by his virtues and amiable 
poser, and the doctrine of its supporters qualities in prirate life, as for his gaf- 
was most ably combated in bis works lantry in the service ,when first-lieu tenant 
on this subject. To point out the ill ef- to Lord Cochrane in the Im{^erien»e fri- 
fiacts which he imagined might result from ^ate, in the Mediterranean, an^ in Basque 
Uiis system, was one of his favourite pur- Roads; for which services Jie was pro- 
suits; and although, in prosecuting it, he moted. 

was most powerfully assailed, still he un- Feb, 20. In Cdebrodk-row, Islington, 

danntedly kept on his course, by endea- aged 60, Hemry Godfrey* esq. formerly an 

wonring to pnt mankind in possttssion of eminent grocer in . Newgatti-street, aad 

the kmiwi|edge of the real nature and some time one of therepiesentatives in 

property '.pf this disorder. It has been Common Council for the ward of Farring- 

astetted t^at he entered too warmly in- don Within. 

Io diqrut^ ^ t^ inbjeetj aiftl that be Feb* 

190 Obituary 1 with Anecdotes. — Meieorologkal Dmy. [Fefc. 

Ffi- 33. At Hitchin, Herti, Miiiflinde, degree of B. A. in the (iinBTewj pi»r 

fTaud-dBughteT of Robert Hinile,etq.UlB ceedei] M.A. id 1763; anH in 1TT4 ae- 

ofChertsey-Abbey, Surrey. cumulated the decree of B. and D. IX 

Dec. 31, 181^'^. Mta. Mary Donae Ti- He manied, howerer. it id eaiir Bge, in 

(ham, »i(c of Mr. J. E. Talbam, of & munner ao diipleaiiof to hii fMher, 

CharleB-sqiiarn. Hoiton, and of the Bank that he tnmed liim adrift on the wid* 

ot England This lads'e death presciitii world; lud foracoasiiltT.ible lime hehcd 

ao affecting inctance of the shoitnesi and (o tubsi^t, with his wife, on ibe small en- 

uncertaioty of all human enjaymenis. nry of Cliiltun FoliaI,Wiltii. Ageutlomaa 

She Has married only the preceding yfar, wbo held the family-liTing till be ihaald 

hadjnstbeeuileliveiedofherfirstchild.and beuf age to take it, (ery bOQaMMW; of- 

Kas lookicg furward, vhh tbe coufldence of fcred hls^resifrnation j but ni told' by the 

youth and health, lo the fulfllmeut of ihe fatliLr thai, if he resigned, he ooaMflTa 

duties of wife nod mother for a long leriei it lo some otlier persun ; bii son ihouM 

of years, when a hvet, not Immediately never haie it When bis father was ij-, 

connected witii Iier lying-in, in a fen days h<g. he wisbed lo see him, and be «■• 

dejirited her reiatifes and friends of one seat fur ; but, upon bii an-iral, it t^^DT 

■hose amiable tempFr and eaaTity of repretenled to him that bis father maltl 

manners bad recommended her to their be bo sgilated that it wonld pmhablf 

wannest eiieeni. When informed by the hasten hit death. Mr. Edward Pophia . 

pbysii^ian of her danger, she . heard the vas weak enougb to ga away without (Mi 

melancholy tidings with the resignation uf ing bit father, wbo, G»diDg ha did sot 

a mind under the powerful inSuences of o!>ey the Bummnus to rome baota, dia4 

Keligion, look an afl'rutionale lea*c of all without mating any protiiion ibr hiiR^ 

■■ ■ ■ ■ - ■ ■ ' ■■ He afterwards went to live at Daih ; • ' 

the act of prayer. She was interred 

Saturday, Jan. 6, in tbe chnrch-ysrd 

St. L«:aard, Sborediluh, where an Intel 

I lion to her memory will soon be placed. 

>bHih a wMk be had 

band, by the oAf sf a liberal and •■- 

nnrcD-ysm or merons suliteriptioD. His brother Pibmw- 

:re an Intcrip- prevailed on him to withdraw hit JDteadcA 

I be placed. publication, under a promise of providia^ 

for him, which he never did; bat, dyiaf . 
p. 377. Tlie without Istue, left his wlutecstrnta le Ub 
luneer son of wife; and by that lady, Mr. Popham wa» - 

pretemed in 1777 to tberectory oTChihni 

PoliiL Mr. Popham wai a goad elanriMft. 

icfaolar ; and published " Selaita Poenwt* 

Vol. LXXXV. 
Rev. £. Popkam 

Edward Po)i)iam, esq. of Littlecot, Wilts. 
(ao estate otiginally obtaiaed by Judgi 

coumy in 1741, 17+7, 175*, 1761 ; am 

in IT.W was created D.C.L. at Oxford; 

where Ihe younger eon, who was Ihen Popham, Coll. Oriel. Oion. 

pursuing his studies at Oriel colli 

with a view to the Church, took I 

u Elogia Sepulchralia, 1793, ■> Srqi 

Meteoroi.ogical Table for February, 1810. By W. Cart, Stnpd. 
Height of Fabrenbeit's Thannooieter. Height of FnhreDhett'i Tbennoraetcr. 


HILL OF MORTALITY, from Janttanr23» to Febmary 20, 1816. 

MaU» - 803 i,.^- 
Females 783J*^*° 

Males - S72 
Females 895 

Whereof have died under 2 years old 




Salt x£l. per bushel ; ^fd. per pound. 

2 and 5 


50 and 60 


5 and 10 


60 and 70 


10 and 90 


70 and 80 


20 and 30 


80 and 90 


30 and 40 


90 and 100 


40 and 50 





AVERAGE PRICEd of CORN, from the Returns ending February 17. 


s. d. 








■ 4 

s, d. 

Hutftingdon 51 
Northamp. 53 
Rutland 5^ 
Leicester 62 
Nottingham 58 
Derby 60 2 

Stofford 65 It 
Salop 60 1 

Hereford 54 11 
Wopoester 58 3 
Warwick . 60 10 
Wilta 55 

Berks 61 9 

Oxford 57 
Bucks 5ei 3 00 

Brecon 47 35 

Montgom. 56 38 
RadBor 50 UGO 









«. d. 





















































8 29 

Wheat Rye Barli Oats Beans. 











Average of England and Wales, per quarter. 
5G 6|33 4|2i 8|18 5i29 6 
Average of Scotland, per quarter : 

46 4i29 1I|21 3|17 2|25 2 
Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Ma- 
ritime Districts of England and Wales, by 
which Exportation and Bounty are to be| 
regulated in Great Britain 







































8 00 














Camanron 60 
Merioneth 61 
Cardigan . 52 
Pembroke 47 
Carmart. 46 
Glamorg. 57 
Gloucest. 55 
Somerset 60 
Devon 62 
Cornwall 63 

































































































5 24 
4 24 













PRICE OF FLOUR, per Sack, February 26, 50s. to 55s. 

OATMEAL, per Boll of 1401bs. Avoirdupois, February 17, 24f. lid. 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, February 21, 50j. 2|rf. percwt. 


Kent Bags 51. Os. to 8/. 85. 

Sussex Ditto 51. Os. to 7/. Os. 

VambamDiUo 12/. 0^. to 14/. Os. 

Kent Pockets 61. 00s. to 12/. Os, 

Sussex Ditto 61. Os. to 7/. 15*. 

Esbex Ditto 8/. Of. to lO/. Os, 

gt James's, Hay 4/. Os. Straw W. 9s. Od. — Whitechapel, Hay 4^. 14^. 6d, Straw 1/. 17f. 
Clwer 61. 10*. 0^.— Smithdeld, Hay 4/. 12^. Od. Straw 1/. 16*. OJ. Clover 51. i2s. bd. 

SMITH FIELD, February 26. To sink the Offal — per Stone of Slbs. 

Beef 4*. Od. to 5s. Od. 

Mutton 4*. Od. to 5s. Od. 

Veal , 5s. Od. to 6s. ^d. 

Pork 3s. Sd. to 5s. ^d. 

Lamb ,..0*. Od. to 0*. 0^. 

Head of Cattle at Market February 26 .- 

Beaste 2,000. Calves 100, 

Sheep 13,620. Pigs 460. 

COALS, February 26 : Neurcastle 3U. Od. to 44*. 9d. Sunderland 38*. Od. — 40*. Od. 
SOAP, Yellow, 82*. Mottled 90r. Curd 94*. CANDLES, 11*. per Doz. Moulds 12*, 6rf. 
TAi-LOW", per Stone, 81b. St. James's 3*. 9d. Clare Market 0*. Od. Whitechapel 3*. 6</. 

[ 1*2 ] 

AKM mill Mher PMNtV^t-ln 

Feb. 18!ii (lo ihe 23d). at IN Office of Mr. Scott, BB, New Uridge-ttreet, uonaoa. — 
OxiVa Canal, 465/. 4501. 31/. per nDnum.— Leedi mud Lirerpool, 295/. JO 230/. di- ■ 
TidiHK 8/. c-leKr.— Moniiwuth, 1451. «». 10/,— Qr»nd Jun.lion, IfiSf. ii». 8/.— Ken- 
nn «nd A«.n, 16(. rtiT. ISi. — Ell^niHr, 7(1/. div. 4/. — Union, 11)0/. — Unotltr,, 
19(. 10».-Wt»l iDdi- Dnck, 143/. 4\r. 10/.— London Ditto, BW. div. 5(. clear — 
Globe ln9>irance. lOU. div, 61. clear.— Imperial DiUo, 44/.— Rock, 1 li. premiuiB.— ' 
Maiiclie-ier WaterVVnrks, 25t— Londoo Inatitution SO/.— Ruisel Ditto, 16J. 16i. — 
Sunef Dlt'-j 121. ISi.- Starid 3rid|« Ar.iuUiet, 6/. 10* prenionl— Ditto Sh»te«/.- 

*p a 

assjsa ssjaaj J a i| Jf 



I, Bud Bbntlby, Red Liwi Pasiage, Fleal SUvvt, Londoot 




Morning Chronic, 

Timea-H. Aiveti. 

P. Ledger Oracle 

Brit. PnB»— Da; 
iSC. Jamia'ECIiroD. 

Sun— Even. Mail 
[Star — TtBTellOT 
IPilot — Stateaman 

Albion— C. Chron. 
I Courier — Globe 

Eng. CbioD.-.lDq. 


Cour. de Londres 
. rSotherWeeliljrP. 

n Sunday Papcrr 

'LiL Adv. montlilv 

balh S-^Bristol J 
I BerwiclE — Bostoti 
.Birmiiig^m 3 

Blackb. firighton 


Camb. — Cbalh. 


bhelou. Cambria. 
i J«Wftmantou*€emrfpdnOEn«, «<:. 

Characterofthe late Countess of Bauuon. 195 
Hoarr's " History of Antient WilUbJrW'...l91 

Tourthroush Fn-nch Klandera, &c. &o ib. 

CoatroTer.7 of .Messrs. Norris and Dp^ilty 199 
inqairy BhoM Ten-Year- Men at Cvabriiige^DO 
De LoUneasiertediobe A.ithorof JuNiiit ib. 
Birtb-place of Lord Herbert of Cherbury...301 
Correspondence of Mt. Joseph Highmore. 2M 
Letlers of Mr. Ward and Sir E. Wal pole... 303 
Of the London,The»tre;.— Beat Garfeo...20t 
Character of Nichola'! Bretop, the Puet.,..'i08 
Accoautof Antieal Ca tieia. and iu RemaJas 209 
Barnes and Bem-Elitls.—Neo Life- Bual... 410 
laquirj respecting tbe •' Hislor^ of Suiseif'3 1 1 
Account of tlie Ukraine' and Its Inhabitanlj U. 
Religion ofthe Kowks— Russian Reoipes.aie 
Characterofthe Re».Rob.BoiicberNickoHs.Ji7 

Topographical Account of Whiitlesford «39 

On Uif present Uodeof Pemale EducationSSfi 
Biftorica! Particulars of the old May Pair..S3S 
Tiddv-OoM, (be noted GiogerOread-seller. 330 

Ciriliiy essential in the Ctetsy 931 

iraitL'itinPashioaibleChnprls reprobated 2i}'J 
Ltitdaiioii).— Index ' 

MARCH, 1816. 

Comw..CqTent. 3 
Perb.— Oorchett. 
I>urhsm -*■ Eaiex 
KxeterS, Qlouc.3 
Halifai— Banna 
Hereford, Hnll 3 


Uit^es.S-Lceds 3 
LicbOeld, Liver.6 
Maidst, MBitch.4 

Norfblk, Vorwich 
N.Walestkford S 
Portsea— Pottery 
Preston — Plym.3 
Reading— Sal iab. 
Shrewsbury '. 
StaC— Statnf. i 
Taunton— T^ne 
Wakeli.— W(irw. 
Wolverh. WoTQ.S 

SoOTtAHD 9* 

Jersey 3. Guem.S. 

nebietn of jRrU) BuIiIUatigii^. 

History of Surrey, bv Manning and Bray ...933 

Dunkiii'stJisUiryofSicpsler, &c 336 

Rose's Observations on Banks for SaTings„237i 
Naies on the Veracity of the E»angelisti...338, 
Wadil's Cases of Diseased Bladder, &C....S40 
Lord Byroii's Siege of Coriutb, and ParisinsHli 
SennDn,aBdJourDBl.(eipectingBuonj parte^4 ; 
Game La OS, 315.— Treatise onGreyhounds346| 

Paul's Utters to his Kinsfolk, &c 24l! 

JacobonCauselofAgricullutal Distress.. ,2481 
tJbservationi on Property Tax. —Porlfoli "'" 
Display, a Tale. — Present of a Mistreis, 
Rei-iEw OF N'eV Mdsical Puai.icATiOK8...e51 

SeiKCT POETSY for March iai6 353.-356 

l^Aotical CbTonitte. 

Proceedings inpresent9ei*ianDf?a[iianie«tS57 
Absitact of principal Foreign Occurrencei 365 
C'lunlry itews S'tO— DomesticOccurrencBsSIS 
Theatre.— Promotio ns^— Preferoie nia . . . . 
Births, and MarriageB of eminent Person 
Bill of Mortality.— Prices of Matkets, be. 2B7 
Canal, &c. Sbares. — Prices of Stocks, .. 


fciMad by Nicaoti, Son, and BEiiTLEY,at Ciciao's HMD,Red UoD Passage, neet-ftr.LnulOdi 
I vheieall Letters to the Editor are particularly desired to be addreiMd, PosT-rau, 


[ 194 1 

f IW ] 

For MARCH, 181^ 

Mr. Urban, Dublin^ March 0. itren^tb of mind, and energy of 4iti> 

AMONGST the Tarioui aod im- position, bat tempered with tbe tnott 

portant articles of Intelligence onassuioing modesty of diipofitioq^ 

which fill the columns of your Pub- and blended with the most ezteoMTQ 

liaition« there are none of more ex- and general inforroalion. 

tctasive utility, than the Obituary Possessed of more ample metnt 

JfoHcet of those who have departed ^ban are cbmmonly allotted eveo to 

this life in the faith and fear of those of the most eleyated ran|:, dbo 

God, and none which can be perused indulged her taste in the formation 

srith greater advantage bj those who o/a valuable Library ^ in the culti?!^ 

hope with them to be partakers of tion of Botanical luid Agricultural 

> a glorious immortality : for, whilst pursuits, and in forwarding ew^rj 

the stores of Fhilo$ophy. Literature^ useful undertakbgi extending her ai) 

•od AiUiquitf^ claim a share ii\ the to many of the most uie^ estabf 

•tteption of well -cultivated minds, 'ishments in Dublin^ as well as to tho 

Tet thejfrsi concern of a Chriitian Cork Institution and FarmbgSojcieiy 

fti, to walk in the ste[w of his glorified pf the iieigbboorhood i whilst t^ 

Redeemer. improvements at Castle-Bernard (tQ 

it is therefore with this impression, "which she was much -attached, aad 

that I am induced to request you will from which she was seldom long id^ 

favour with a place in your next Pub- ient), conducted by her ownjudgmen^ 

Jication, the following remarks occa- Are sufficient evidfencet of itsporredr 

jioned by the Death of the Counten oess. 

^ Bandon^ which is recorded in jour It was, however^ for the Christian 

Number for last July, and where, al- graces of Charity, that Lady Bapdoit 

though she has been justly comtnend- wai most peculiarly and pre*eminentlj 

ed for her benevolence^ }et more has distinguished, and which in her prof 

hcen said of the distinguished family ceeded *' out of a pure heart and 

from which she was descended, than & good conscience^ and of faith nn* 

of that for which she was still more feigned.'* 

remarkable, the undevialing purity By her sole bounfy she supported 

and rectitude of her heart; the ad- for many years a school for 24 voya* 

wentitious dignity of family and sta- wqhen, now united to the General 

•tion she shared in common with Female School of Bandon, of which- 

many others, and she might have she was the patroness and foundress. 

I>een surpassed in them by aome-^ and which is conducted on such bxjl 

but she was indeed excelled bv none ample scale of liberality, as would 

in the fervent principles of Religion, do credit to any place in the Unit^ 

vvbich .ei^er animated and expanded Kingdom. On the first opening of 

jier heart. this Institution, about three yearp 

Those who had the happiness of since. Lady Bandon was truly ad« 

knowing Lady Bandon will readily dressed by an able Clergyman (now 

sipknowledge, that few persons were also calleo into eternity), in the em* 

ever gifted with a to under and more phatic words of Job — *^ When th« 

excellent understanding. This was ear hieard her, then it blessed her. 

evident from her Conversation^ and and when the eye saw her, it gave 

from her Letters^ which were indeed witness to her, because she delivered 

models of Epistolary Composition, the poor that cried, and the father* 

Those most intimate with her father Jess and him that had none to help 

(who for many years occupied the him. The blessing of him that was 

first teat at the Treasury Board of ready to perish came upon her, and 

ffdasd) diacovexed in her the i9ja^ Ae camed the widpw's heaft JLo siiu^ 


196 Character of the kte tiiinitest of BtTiAoHf flSiKdi^ - 

for joy'" fleicT perhapt Were the t/uaU TenreMqtation ^ hut'^rikm^ 

lameulatiuni of the poor, and of the he would jet indulge the bo^ UmC 

rich, uDited nilh greater lincerity, irhal bfta aeea htte liii, yiilt vJkllJL 

than ID benailing the deceue of lu pear tetHauB to tboM wb<> MiAm 

TeoeraEed a character, »hich wai in- whatever ii viuf txeellent !■ m* 

deed regarded »i a, pti1)lic (fj^ipitl, ^{arg, sod, _tbat the juerib of tar 

in the dulrict where ibe reiided, aad who«e chiracter Ge haVmttempUd'ta 

vhere her memorj a likelj to be u puQrtraT, willtene ai an exCBMfoe 

long and beDehciafl; remembered, ai tb« inanSciriir} of hi»t vht'VMV 

the %Do& ihe performed wa* durable pa;^ thi* tiibuti: of off^idB tb bet 

aadeiten«iTej t but practically pro*- erer revered mennirj, BMuglfMA** 

log huw greatly the tiDcere Cbriitiao, ever hai been nid to na%^tM1itlfg • 

*' who doet ttU to Ihe glory of God," more r^eetiinU Id iiich M W^n'-U* 

may advance, even in lAiVif^e, toward! tTmately acquainfed ffltb (t^i#^ 

that perfect'ioD, which ji to be cod- doii (' and I (ball tUstj now fbMV'Mtf 

(iimmaled heTeofler. billing to occupy too {rest V-jMI4 

Liidy B.indon pooetsed a mind too of ^our Fublicatioii; wbilM mA' ft 

irowerfullj liiiceptible for the buiiiaD TariMy of <^inmuDi):a(icu fHkr'aN 

ienement to trhich it wan coaaigned | your attention) tretpaM farHw*-' «^ . 

and whilit the extended to all wiibin }0Qr iodulgleiMeliy iliaertiatf.tlWiV 

berdrcletbefympathj of her heart, icrltitidD on sd 'iMoiteBMraw9#Pt 

£er death wai accelerated ' by her nUraetat cunimeaiorl(i*e of WwitiiK 

aasiety for the fate of a inuch-lo*eiI tue*. which hat bean Ju*t iiiintiii'tii 

S0D[ aad it pleaied the Almighty to joining thatofJodM Bcn»il,la4lH' 

iummon her to himaelf, there to re- Farith Chdt^ c>f^fiklI)m«dnt-Mv 

feiVe the reward promiied to thoie Cork, 
ntlo, like htr, were "not weary id " Near th 

^ell doin^," before the certaintj of mortal rema 

titihti which »M could'ubl be eipect- Conntcu of I i 

^ to ■ul'f ive was establiih'sd. *"! Earl of 81 

But it ii not for ram) to ftrraigU "" <•' »^ 

Ihtf didp^hiktibnt of Omninolence: """"^ '•/"" I 

nor for " the thing made, to Miy t& £^" "^ '"' 

\\m that fotm^d it. Why hait ttoU ['i?!fi^„^ 

«one tl,b.r And Ihoie whb loveS ^S, ^ 

ftii* excelleot perion, should therB. coniuRal^Jfei 

fore hot repine at her traDilatioil ^nd charity 

ffohi the lorrow) end triiili ipcident trcas, prove 

to a probationary Hate, lb that hea- Bttiple af th 

yeni; iceiie, where ihe. " enteri iolb their loaal ! 

the Joy of her I,urd," and to which on the 7th 

ili'e' looked forward with the ese of year of hfcr «g«. 
fatlh under every trial— for there ar^ The aame mnn 

110 afflictluoi »o pciwe'trol, and nfl torecord the a. ,. 

aiffic«ttie» 10 over.l(adowing, hut the Hon. Pranei.B* 

tbal Ihroakh IheJr opacily, VU trui f •I' I^I^t Prae wh 

\eHever ii able to diKover, bv itk »" "^ 'falTin .h. ! 

powerful infiueiice, iKe ' rtyi of Dil "i^'hrH '«.„™ 

?ine mercy. Although t«|i, Baudot. "^^Ti^kl^St^. 

bad not complcled her 48th jtai^. -lorLouily feU in iha 

•he had long aince attained to that „„ ^j,, (gt], „( j,;„, 

iintpotled life which ia deacrlbetf in ^ ^^r of hla aie; 

Scripture to be old "ge, " heing iiii^d^ Youra, Sk. FisMltnlltie 

perfect in a thort time, ihe tulJilied ^ ■ ' •> 

along lime — Her idul pleaied the * ,,, , ", , , .m-' . ■ ■ ' 

Lordf Ihcrelore halted he to take HMom ^ J'^ift WiLTUf^ff. ,, 

ber awaj from among the wicked." Mr. UaBiH, Stourkead, Jfwck^ 

To dwell longer on the tonteinpla- T) EPBATED inquiriei faarilcbM 

ilitfi of inch a charact'er, niiuid b^ XV madeat ray pobliahbr^m|Mii!l> 

moil grateful to the writer of thetb iug theContinnationfff AacMBttWilt> 

few XniBrkat and although kniiblfe tbire, I begleate to iaforai lb« baki 

te ii not quklifed tdf li&der uy ad^ lid/ tUt (be «ottertiH» U» mw 

H816,] " jMient Wiltshhe." •— Tmr through Flanders. 197 

Tour through variouM parti qf Ft A»i! 


. in 1815. (Continued from p. 108. > 
Mr. Urban, March P, 

MY last letter left. me. at Dm* 
kirk. This towo is verj D^tlj: 
built, the streets are regnlarf fpa-« 
cious, and well paved, sod th^ en* 
firons are truly delightful. Tho 
tower is a fine lofty buiiding:. If n 
traveller wishes to see PimHirk and 
its harbour, with the adjoioing conn- 
try, in perfection, he ought to go to 
the top of this tower, provided bo 
cap submit to the fatigue of ascends 
ing near 300 steps. It he has a taste 
for the beauties of nature apd art, he 
will be amply recompensed for hit 
trouble. The varied prospects of land 
and waf^r which present Ihemselvel 

nrraiiged, and the engravings nearly 
IBompleted. The Antiquary, who 
knows the difficulty of collecting mO" 
dem information respect mg any par- 
ticular district, will make allowance 
for the greater difficulty and delay 
that must arise in the investigation 
qf those remote times, from which 
no information cam be collected from 
printed documents. All therefore 
teufit be done by personal aiid mi- 
nute investigation. We must not 
sufier our.Helves to be • ied^ away by 
ihe seductions of fancy and romance; 
but, adhecing to the motto prefixed 
to my first Volume, must' speak from 
fads, not theory. 

Every attention has been paid to 
the illustration by surveys and views 
of th^ Grand British Temple at Abu- 
vy, near Marlboroughl The strong 
bulwar)c named Wansdyke^ has been 
«urveyed and traced in its {Course 
from »«ear the Severn, throughout 
Somersetshire, and the whole of Wilt- 
shire, into Berkshire ; and some idea 
will be formed of the Ancient Bri- 
Itsh.H edgeways by a mini|te descrip- 
tion of the one wiiich I hs^ve followed 
for many miles over the hills in Sooth 
and North Wiltshire, and throughout 
the whole of Berkshire by the Vale of 
White Horse. These researches will 
form the most novel and interesting 
features of the. livraison which I 
iiope shortly to lay before the pub- 
licK. Here will terminate the His- 
tory of the British J£ra in Wiltshire: 
hut it is my intention, in a future 
■livraison^ to trace the conquests of 
the Romans, and by their roads, 
mosaics, towns, and camps, endea* 
Tour to throw some new light upon 
ihat people durin<; their residence in 
Britain : or at le^st to hand down to 
posterity those remains which the 
wreck of time has Ntill left to us. 

Silbury Bill. This stupendous and 
artificial nound of earth cannot fail 
to arrest. the attention of every pas- 
senger from Marlborough to Bath. 
An attempt was made to open it some 
years ago by a Dorsetshire gentle*- 
man. Colonel Drax ; but, havmg hi- 
therto been unsuccessful in obtaining 
an exact detail of his researches, 1 
•hall esteem myself highly obliged to 
you, or ny of your numerous Readers 
and Correspondents, for such informa- 
tion, conveyed to me by letter, or 
through the medium of Mr. Nichols. 


from this high eminence form a magr 
nificent coup d'anl. The sand bills 
and the British Channel on one side, 
with the rich and extensive plains of 
Flanders in every other direction, ex* 
hibit a contrasted scene of grandeur 
and beauty rarely to be met with, and 
well calciilated to improve and exalt 
the feelings of a devout mind. 

I was told that in a clear daj one 
may couqt from the summit oi thii 
tower the men of war in the Downi, 
and see various parts of the Englitk 
coast, by the help of gfastes. ' The 
Mai son de Ville is t^ handsome edi- 
fice, as are likewise iopie of the 
churches, and of the bnildingi con- 
nected with the garrison. To an iD> 
teliigent traveller, who is well versed 
in modern history > Dunkirk is an in- 
teresting place. At an early periodt 
under the government of the Counts 
of Flanders, it rose into commercial 
consequence. It was first fortified 
in the tenth century, and appears iq 
have become a place of considerable 
importance during the course of the 
thirteepth century. Under the sway 
of the Burgundian Princes, and their 
successors of the Austrian line, Dun- 
kirk shared amply in the prosperity 
which the Netherlands enjoyed in 
these golden days beyond ail other 
parts of Europe. In the war which 
broke out between France and Spain, 
after the abdication of Charles the 
Fifth, Dunkirk had a full taste of the 
bitter waters which then began to 
flow* in Flanders: During the 17th 
ceiitury, it was alternately in, the 
hands of the French and dpaniardi. 
After scToral years of destrnctife, 


198 Tmtr through various Partt of thoi^ 

but iDglorioni warfare) tin balutce ontbep 

WM e^tuallj turned againit Spain, of DnaLuk lu. 

ky the arte at that great itBleainaii, aue of whieh ' 

Cardioal Mazarine, who bad the ad- the Britiih ary 

dren to draw Oiifer Crorowell into raemoriei. I 

an ftlliance with France : after i«me the N(«a of m 

operitioni in maritime Fianden, in bare do beail 

isai, which were highly gratifjing the whole buiii 

to the pride of Cromwell, a powerful both bj land i 

Eogliih fleet wai lent io the ipring of irerj auxioai t 

ihe following jear to block up the bandi, and fel 

faarbour of Dunkirk, tofetber with a than I can czn 

body of ail thouiaod Tetoran toldieri the Duke of Y 
to join the armj of the great Tu- The Calaii I 

renUe in betieging it by land. The excelleat inn 

liege had been carried 6n for the found a good t 

(pare of eightecD dayi, when Dun which foreign t 

John of Auitria, Goieraor' General in EnglaniT 

of (be Low Countrieii accompanied may boait of 

by the reaowned Cuod^, appeared areaot tobenli 

fur iti relief at tbe head of twenty bat ia the latte 

thvtiBand men i a bloody battle wai forti of the ta 

4'ou;;ht in tight of Dnnkirk, in which Engliibmao ne' 

the' tteady and deiperate valour of tboae polite at 

the Gugliib troop* waa couipicuoui, grateful in Kali 

The iiiue of tbe battle waa the enlire the eajoynieot* 

defeat of the Spaniih arm;, together qnentl^ mtorle 

with (he capture of Dunkirk, Which, reaaoD and the 

accordiiiB to trealj, wa» giTen up to mwt !adie< ai 
Cremwel). It remain^ in (he poi- French table i 
] of England until 1662, w>en ladiet excel ii 

Charles the liecoad diigraced hkiitelf, tee, 

and disgusted the natiue, by ■ailing it d'hote, while i 

ttr France, as be afterwards told hint* charms of socii 

aelf, and would haie luld our consti- tual check upe 

tatioD in church and state ifhc could, laba its pnritT. 

Dunkirk wat an iuiportaot actgui- AtDunkirkI 

aitloD to Eraoce is ever* point of fellow traveller 

!w, naval, military, auo commer- company it wa: 

Cial. Louis tbe Fourteenth spared feel emimi, A 

no expence iu irnproviog the bar- icendcd with a 

boar, and ttrengthening and adoriv- onl her handj 

ing thefurtificatiuns,io that in a few duty bound, "j 

yeara it became one of the atruDgeat " I nope you ai 

and moat' magnificent fortrcaies in freedeni and « 

Euro)te. England then regretted, but faavsaoiinadvei 

loo late, the folly, to say tbe least of eapwally whm 

it, which had dictated the .sale of great sincerity 

Donkirk t her chagrin and Jealouay but cordial a 

on that tcore were manlfeat on every " That tenlimi 

occaiiun, and more especially daring I, *' ia reciproc 

the negociatiuna which teriuinated one another, in 

in the peace of Utrecht, one uf the sdien,"! took n 

condiliont of which waa, that the parted with (he 

Ixirtificalinna uf Duukirk ihuuld be whom I menliu 

deinoliahed, which accordingly took a* being so par 

Clace in 1713 i a luoit humiliating waa pleased to 

low to the pride of Luuit the Four- address. ' 1 prr 

lecbth, at the close uf tbe moat dia- shop Lowlb'a (i 

aatroua war in which Fmnce bna to her improvi 

ever been engaged, excepting that ofoutlanftU: 

wliich waa Iwaiiustad iMt Suiumer behappjLto 

1816.3 '^'^ ^ Flanders. — Mr. Thorns and Mr. Dealtry. 199 

te«Vrother, Sir,*^ laid she, *' who den i bnl I must resenre the descrtp^ 

feti wftrm in hb admiration of tion of this delightful sput until my 

]|ll%f eoniitfT than myself; and I pro« next letter. Glrricus LsidssTR. 
.nHk myadf ei^ long the gratifica* » 

tiott ^( a trip to England under hit Mr. Urban, March 22. 

IirolWfioo.** <* In that case," I iaid,' T^ROM the well -known candour 

**Maiiib peirmit me to indulge the X/ and impartiality with which 

liope ttlH you will extend your yonr Miscellany is condocted, I hato 

joomey to L^-'^^^t — sh*—| and allow no doubt that you will admit into 

tne to naf^ the satisfaction of shew- it this appeal against a peremptory 

11^ you th^ "Iray to the Leasowesi decision on the merits of an imporl- 

and to ant question, to which you have girea- 

•< ATon's banks, >rltere flowers eternal extensive circulation, and w^^ch may 

Uow." have had, on others, the effect of 

The young Canlak whom I men. •^'^'"S ^^"'^^ *» ^i »!?** «« "^• 
lioaed in ray last, and who had cross- ' -^ ^=« rchm iir. 

«li the channel for tli« purpose of ^o the Bishop of St. David's. 

Visiting Waterloo, took the route of % Lord ; Having been a suflferer, 

Dstend, teroges, and Ghent. I too both in my time and roy pocket, by a 

was bound for Waterloo ; but, having too implicit rdiance on your Lordship's 

formerly trayeiled from Brussels tS T^^"Kv* *I? J?l"^/ "^^^^^ fJS* 

M\^.«^A t A^t^m^i^^^ #^ w^m^^^^A u. channel through which 1 sustained the 

Oslend. 1 determined to proceed ^ .^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^ Lordship li^y 

anewdireclion-and took a place m eiWiplaint. In your Third AJdrels to 

Uie sUge for Xille, the capital of Unitarians, published in the Magazine 

French. Flanden. I travelled in com- ^^ August last, you appear to have ap- 

l^any with two respectably English propriated to « a Right Rev. Membec 

geotleoten from Sussex, who were of the British and Foreign Bible So-^ 

foing to Waterloo^ and a party of ciety" a very common -place observa- 

cench gentlemen, one of whom was tion, purposely that it might form a 

an officer* a very intelligent man, peg on which to hang the following; 

who bad served in the garrison of note : « on the . Rev. U. H. Norris's 

Wittenberg, in Saxony, during the l^ractical Exposition, a Tract professing 

long and memorable siege ol that demonstration, but which Mr. Dealtry 

town, and had closed his career, un- \^ ^^^^^"^"y. answered, by the correc: 

der the banner of Buonaparte, at tion of^/?y mistakes. As I had read 
Waterloo work alluded to, and had, in conse- 

The first place in this route worth ^"?"/^^' T.f'^u^i i* « "^ unfavourabk 

• «* ■»•» p.»i« .u iMi. »*#« ^ '^y'"* opinion of the Bible Society^ such a de- 

notke was Ber^ues, a neat fortified claration, under your Lordship*t hand, 

town, situated in a pleasant country, i,ad an imperative effect upon my mindj 

Jaraed for rich pastures, which I was and I lost no time in purchasing Mr, 

told produce butter and cheese of Dealtry's "Review," and devoting my 

Tcry superior quality. Bergue» is first leisure hours, and my best atten- 

■iz miles to the South of Dunkirk, tion, to the perusal of it. 1 am free to 

We proceeded from thence towards confess to your Lordship, that I did not 

Cafsel, through a most fertile and find it that " effectual answer** which 

well-cultivated country, but without your Lordship's judgment, expressed in 

much variety of scenery. I think I ^^^^ unqualified terms, led me to ex- • 

never saw any thing in England equal Pf ^M f ^ *^® ™°^^ formidable of Mr. 

to it in regard to SulUvation; nit a ^°"'« « ^^^^^^^ ^5*'"'^ ^^f B»ble So- 

foot of land seemed to be lost. For Sf ^ ^^^« ^J^f ^«?y 6^^"*^*^^ ^\^y ^»^« 

manv miles the eve was feasted with l^^^'^wer, aftd his numerous illustra^ 

many m"es ine eye was teasieu with ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ tendency of its proceedings 

a conUnued display of agricultural by paraHel passages of Puritanical Hit 

industry, and good management, in- tory, both apposite and alarming, rather 

termingled with— acquired importance, than lost any of 
The loWing vale, the bleating cole, ^^^'^^ weight, from the wretched at- 

The clusters on the sunny steep, tempt made in the Review to get rid of 

AMlPan'j own umbrage dark and deep. *^^°* "^y * personality. But, though I 

thought the success of Mr. Dealtry's la- 
We Breakfasted at Cassel, which hours over-rated, I did not attach to . 
4lllidt oa the ton of a bold hill, com- them the disgrace of total failure. Yonr 
aMWMJing cme of the most extensive Lordship had stood forth, uncaUed for, 

Ifftk ktaotifol profpecti ia all Fiasr- and had publicly pledged your own 


200 Bible Society, — Ten^Year*Men. — Junius. [Marcb^ 

your Cprrespondeots who will iofovnf 
roe whether a La^maD, or a GeotJe- 
man, 24 years of age and in Dea« 
con's Orders, can be admitted a Ten- 

credit for his fidelity. I therefore con- 
sidered this as unquestionable, and, in 
confidence that it was so, received all 
Lis representations of Mr. Norris's state- 
ments as correctly taken ; who there- 
fore appeared to me to have fallen into 
those, (in most instances) not very ma- 
terial, mistakes, which bis Reviewer 
had detected. 

In this persuasion I had dismissed 
the subject from my thoughts, till the 
recent advertisement of " An Examina- 
tion of Mr. Dealtry's Review** excited 
my curiosity : and I cannot conceal the 
mortification which I experienced on 
discoverinf;, that what I had mistaken 
for a deliberate judgement of your Lord- 
•hip's, could only have been a conjec- 
tural opinion, — an opinion moreover so 
directly at variance with the real state 
of the case, that nothing more is neces- 
sary to confute it, than " to bring the 
accused and his accuser face to face,'* 
and compare what Mr. Norris has actu- 
ally advanced with Mr. Dealtry's alle- 
gations : for this has been done sei'iatim 
by the Examiner above referred to : and 
the result is, that " those Articles in 
the * Review,* which profess to disprove 
the * facts * recorded in the * Practical 
Exposition*,'* are proved to belong to 
one or other of the three following 
classes, — ** such as do not, in reality, 
even contradict them ; such as pervert^ 
hffore they contradict them ; and such 
as contradict them without adequate 
evidence of their incorrectness in any 
essential point.'* 

As there may be others, besides my- 
self, who, thrown off their guard by the 
gravity of your Lordship's language, 
may have placed implicit reliance on 
the depision which it conveys, the cause 
of Truth seems to impose upon me this 
public address, that I may recommend 
to them the able pamphlet by which I 
have been undeceived, and, at the same 
time, may press it upon your Lordship's 
consideration ; since, as the case stands 
at present, the Note which has occa- 
sioned this, I trust not disrespectful, 
appeal, is the most appo^ittt illustration 
of the apophthegm to which it is append- 
ed; incontestibly proving that " preju- 
dice has neither eyes nor <'ars," in shorty 
is wholly destitute of all power of dis- 
crimination. AVith all due respect I 
remain, my Lord, your Lordship's most 
obedient servant, A Churchman. 

Mr. Urban, Cambridge^ March 18. 

IN vol. L'XXXlll. ii. p 630, 1 tind 
a query respecting the i en-Year- 
Men al Cambridge, to which an an- 
swer, though unNatistactory, was re- 
turned iu Jan. following (LXXXl V. i. 
p. 4.) 1 kball feel obliged tu any of 

year-man. Having been desiroui to 
gain information on the subject, I 
have asked many of my UDiversity 
friends this question, but none of 
them can give me a positive answer. 
I have been told that a Laymao cao 
enter his name for the degree of 
B. D. if he promises to go into 
Orders. In the Cambridge Calendar 
for 1813, p. 13, under the head of 
Graduates, it is stated that a Ten- 
year-man must be in Priest*s Orderf 
at the time of his admis^tion ; wber,e- 
as in p. 137, i»riesl's Orders are omit- 
ted, and the only thing required is, 
that he must be 24 years of age. la 
Ackerman'tt History of the- Uoiver-r 
sity of Cambridge, vol. II. p. 311^ 
no mention is made of Priest's Or- 
ders. Harraden, in ihis Cantabrigia 
Depicta, p. 14, says that Ten-year- 
men •* are generally Clergj who, 
having acquired wealth or prefer^ 
ment without a University education^ 
dignify themselves at a moderate ex- 
pence with an academic titles thet 
are tolerated by the statute9[ of £li- 
zabeth, which allow persons^ who 
are admitted at any College whea 
S4 years of age and upwards, aftet 
ten years to become Bachelors of 
Divinity without taking. any prior 
degree." Does the degree of 6. tf. 
entitle those who have been Ten- 
year-n^.en to a vote at the Univer- 
sity Elections, and to the use of 
books from the Public Library ? % 
heard, the other day, that the Uni^ 
ver^ily had it in contemplation iff 
abolish this order of Graduates, for. 
what reason I cannot tell. 


Mr. Urban, 'March 19. . 

HAVING, some months ^ince, ai^ 
nounced the early production of 
irrefutable evidence, tbat De Lolme» 
author of the admired Essay on the 
English Constitution, produced th^ 
Letters of Junius; permit to states 
that thexole cause of thedelay of my 
demonstrf/fions has been, the consi- 
dcraticn, : hat the public mind was too 
deeply interested b\ the late moroeiN 
tous eventii, to admit ot that attedtioB 
to the vuljject, which, iu my opinion^ 
it so fully merits. I have only to add, 
that the work is now in the preai».ai|A 
^iil speedily appear» T. Bvsbt. 








1816.] Lord Herbert of Chirbury. — Mr. J. Highmore. 201 

Mr. Urban, Shrewsbury^ Feb. 21. 

ON reading the life of that ex- 
traordinary character, Edward 
Lord Herbert of Chirbury, written by 
him«^eif, and finding that he was born 
at E^ton, an antteot niaiiiioo of IIm 
Newporls, in the pariih of Wroketeri . 
CO. Salop* I was determined lo.Titttthe 
spot ; which I accordioj^fy did on the 
Sl8tor$epleniher,18I4. Bathowshalf. 
I expren my mortification, when lar-' ' 
ri¥ed there, oa fiodiD^^ ouly a few de** 
tached repiajqi of that once exteniive . 
mansion ?:»-PjiH- ii fitted np for a jprt- 
Tate dweliieg) $omo remaidi an ivy* 
mantle^: fiiim:i lnHt the greater part n 
entirelji ;jdiefttoyed«. The encloied . 
drawinlgj^adeatthetinie, it iihupfd» 
will be ]d]^t))iBred to poiteritjr in Mr. 
Urban'ir||||£ciim. (See Plate L). 

Ed.wmjl .Herbert was horn at iKy- 
ton in lljis; ** He wai," .nyi Wal* . 
pole, ^.ine of Xhe> greatest orn»-' 
roents of the Learned Peerage, a nian 
of a martial spirit, and a profound 
understAiuling/' After the accesfiion of 
King Jatees 1.- he vas made a Knight 
of the Bcthy and sent into France to 
interpoiw in behalf of the Protestants 
of that kingdoro. In 1625 Sic Kd« ' 
"ward waji' made a Baron of Ireland,, 
and in lUfl of EngUnd, by the ttyle. 
and title'of Lord Herbert of Chirbury 
in Shroprfiire. He died in 1648, and 
was interred in the chancel of St. 
Giles's in the Fields. A marble slab 
that covered his remains, had the foU. 
lowing inscription ijipon it, drawn up 
by himself: 

" Hie inhumatur corpus Edvardi Her- 
bert, equitis Balnei, Baronis de Cher- 
bury et Castle Island, auctoris libri, 
cui tituliis est, * De VeriUte.' Reddor 
lit herbs^ vicesimo die August!, anno 
Domini 1648." 

Lord Herbert wu anthor of the 
following works: •♦ De Veritate;*' 
** De Heligione Gentiliitm, Erro- 
rumqiieapudeos caiifis.*' ■^Bxpedh 
tio Buckinghamt Du^it -ih Ream in- 
fluiain/* *• Life and Beign of King 
Henry VUl.'* «* Memoirs of bis own 
Life." •* Tutor and Pupil," a Dia- 
logue on Aniient Learning ; and some 
Poems. D, Parkes. 

Mr. Urban, March 2. 

THE Rev. DeodatusBye, the good 
Schoolmaster at Maidstone, was 
also Curate of that parish; and in 
both capacities was highly respected. 
He was uttcle, not father y of the 
irorthy Printer. Senkx, 

Oent. Mxa.Marchj 1816. 


Extracts from the Correspondence of 
Joseph Highmore, Esq. 

(Continued from p. 118.) 

Joseph Ward Esq. to Mr. Hich« 


WilUngton^ near Derbyp 
IS July 1161. 

I HAVE MTeral tiroes been inclined 
to give Mr. Highmore the trouble 
of a letter, thou^ a man that if . 
buried in the country at I am, hatli: 
very, little worth commnnicating* ^ 
Correspondence may be looked upon , 
af a kind of traffick or barter s and 
why thobld I engage you to enter 
into nid^ correspondence, when I 
can giTO. jou nothing worth your ac- 
ceptance m exchange for what yoa 
fend me. On Monday last I faw aa 
account of the death of Mr. Richard- 
ton ; joQ have lost a yaloable friend, 
and tne world an ingeniouf man : I . 
know no modem author that waf a 
greater master of the paftions than ' 
he was, or had a greater insight into, 
human nature. 

■ ■ ■ meum qui pectus inaniterangH^ 
Irritat, malcet, falsis terror i bus implet, 
Ut magus, et modo meThebis, mode 
ponit Athenis. 

I have somewhere read, but where 
I cannot tell, that Dr. Harvey (who 
found out the circulation • of the 
blood) was so delighted in reading 
Yirgil, that he would sometimes fling 
the book away, and say it had a devil. 
I confess, in reading Clarissa, which I 
take to be his (Mr. R's) capital per* 
formance, and seeing her piety, pu- 
rity, and delicacy so ill used by a 
Lovelace, I haTC been scarce able to 
pacify my self- Will. I have recollected 
that this scene, so artfully worked up, 
had no other existence than in Mr. 
R*s fancy and imagination. I am ob- 
liged to him, for he hath contributed 
much to my entertainment : 1 hope I 
may say to my improvement ; for I 
have many times thought 1 have re- 
turned from reading him, a better 
man than I was before I began. How 
can a man be better employed than 
by instructing mankind, and making 
them wiser and better than they 
otherwise would be ? To this good 
end I cannot but think his writings 
greatly conducive, except some scenes 
in Pamela and Clarissa, which 1 con- 
fess I have sometimes thought had 
better been left out. I believe you past 

S02 Letters^ Mr. 3, Highmote and Mr. S.Wwi. XI#Ai|f 

muj ereniDgi aloDetcitber writing or tioni relierred to abiolatdy tnm 4 

icadiiifEiirjoudinr&wftjhalfaDhour ckcnroituicei muithkie Mcaat tUi 

in a Idler lo an old acquaiBUnce, it time ciacUy u tbey are, vtt HA ttir 

will be acceptable, let the tobiect be finalcompletion of tbepropfaeeji «■ 

ifbat il nill t oeni fruin the learned the coDtrarj, if there wen no Mcfa 

world, or from the London world, if prophecy, or that it weie k folw ea^ 

I ma; itu exprew mjielf, will be al- then their preaest lUite U m UraBoi 

wajt agreeanle. JosubWikd. uDDatnral phmoiDoaoii, aaiwkMf 

I UBBCcoanlabie. 

Mr. H. fo Mr. Waan to Mtumer. Another grand 

' 1 bj no meaoi adroit Toar ezcuie, theChriitiaucbm 

u '* from a man bnried to the conn- which we FrotMli 

Irj," lo uie jour owd phrate, and on Cfaarch of Rome. 

that account KaDting matter for cor* dean and Mpcti 

ittpondeiic - • ■ -■ ■ ■ - i... __ . 

what vour 

faTBith 1 a 

live.f. c. thi^leujoDareiDterrupted, not, your re 

the nivre 1 expect from them ) and, if . I cBtreat yon lo 

Ijamy lead tii lubjecl*, ;ou rouM not may be put into i 

fratify roe by any tbiDK ■« much ■eeonpaawd miib 

n by your geuuiae Ihoughl* on 10010 Scripture *, Ac. I 

of Ibe moil impurtant point* of Rcli- ' 1 ' 

gion.—l now b.g leave to prnpojelo FrifB Mr. VA^a to MrttU 

jour cimiideratioD the, exainipatioB ^UUKgUm, $9 J^tt, ftttk 

of fin argument in favour of the Daam Siat 

Cbriitinn Reielalionf perhapi more On Uooday m 

irrffragable and km liable to cavil expectedly and 

l^n nioit othern— -I mean, the pre< prued with the I 

■cut f;en(jrai rtate of the world, aaao- nj; moral, relig 

•w«rm^ |[> what it predicted in tbe onf," in 9 voli, : 

books of [lie OU, but 2r>i>c>P*"j of qneit, by oar fi 

the New Tuitament. The truth of companied with 

paiticular rteuU long lince pait, at of hii own)i a 1 

t^e niiraclei of Christ, hii rriurrec- Hot 1 have 00 

lion, &c. deijeodi on human teiU* while. I have J 

moiiy — the accuunta of which are whether 1 ahould 

traiMinilted lo u> by lulficieiit evi- acknowledge tiM 

deoce oulj j end, how well loever at- know how I ma> 

letted iu Ibal way, and bow much ai I am alw at 1 

•oever Ibey may demand and deterve |o him, and cone 

credit, yrt are liable to be di»- Hr. DuDCOfnbe'f 

puted, and have beeo diiputed on bavevetitDredlo 

vaiioui prelencen, and, among 111816,(0 retumi 

otbert, oil (hit, that ibey may have joq are Dot at ] 

been nritlfn lung lince the eveota granted yon roiu 

happened, &c. But thi* i) lubject lo Canterbury, and 

no >uch dituules — it cannot be dit- getaafe if you ai 

puted that tne Jew* are now in our ti not above foui 

tiitiei iliipersed over the face of the npoD-Treot* wli 

•arth, and ihal Ibej have long been the widow of Hr. Hawkina Rrownei 

•ot that lliej Jire, ootwilbilnnding, retidetaboDtfourmouthaintiMyoar, 

eviry where a ditlbct people from though Ida sol hear f he ia jnt c«im 

thoie among whom they dwell, and into tiio country. I hate betat, in- 

in a ttale naturally caphble of bciog formed by her. that you lived much 

cullecled together, aad making again , , ■ 

one ualion, which 1. not true of any , jy, in^Mtigation wai undarttkw. - 

Other race m the world— ail other* ^j eitended to a leiiEth whiob the H* 

^■ve had their riK, progreai, declen- niti of the present put^eatioB do not 

(iuo, and extinction. Thi* relating admits but it terminated to tfuunIrB 

to the Jen* i* a conatant (landing aatiriaetiunof both the Com.,, 

.Biraciei for, luppotiog tht prcdi^ t ronaeriy Mii* We«a> 

1816.x ' Letters of Sir E. Walpole and Mr. J. Highmore. 208 

daotly gratify my vanity, if I bad to 
gnat a fthare of it as to imagine that 
i deserved them : but it is on a bet- 
ter principle that 1 enjoy your good 
opinion ; for, if it be not presuming 
too much, 1 should persuade mysew 
that 1 discover in them the partialit|r 
of a friend; excuse the familiarity of 
this expression, since I have no other 
way- of accounting for your favour* 
able sentiments in general ; and af 

Jrou mention Perspective in particn- 
ar, it virould he unpardonable not tp 
acquaint you that a treatise of mine» 
on that subject, wri! ten many yearj 
ago, is novir printing, but v?hich I 
fear may not answer your expecta* 
tion, if nothing less than a complect 
"^system will do, my design being priq* 
cipally to facilitate the practice 
among Artists, for whose use it wcii 
planned, and therefore the most fa- 
miliar and popular style is chofQi 

to your own satisfaction, and was n 

food health, which I rejoiced to hear'- 
ut to be informed of -it under your 
own hand will be an additional plea- 
jure to that which you have already 
ffiven me. I mi^ht write a longer 
letter, but I know not whether this 
may get safe, &c. 

Sir £i)WA»o Walfole lo Mr, High- 
Sir, Pall-malU May 4, 1762. 
I, who have no talent for writing, 
must content /nyself with a bare ac- 
i^nowiedgement of the favour you 
did me in so kind and elegant a let- 
ter as I have just received from you, 
which I think worth preserving on 
levcral accounts *. 

I did not doubt that you would be 
pleased with my brother's 2 vols, on 
painting. — I hope you. Sir,, will, as 
rou have now leisure + to do it, ob- 

lige the world with your observations that the subject will admit; and, to 
on theart, and particularly with acom- avoid all manner of trouble to naj- 

pleat system of Perspective, which, 
as you are master of it, and of a 
very clear perspicuous language and 
cty le, would be very intelFigible and 
pleasant to the student and reader, 
which has never been the case yet. 

I beg you will present my compli- 
ments to Mrs. Duncombe. ' I am 
very glad she is so happy, as I know 
yout living with her, unincumbered 
with your business, must make her. 
1 beg the favour to kaow* if you 
think you shall at any time return to 
London to pass any time in it, such 
as a month or two. I have a parti- 
cular reason for asking, in respi*ct to 
my whole-length picture. Tiie little 
picture which you had, and my bro- 
ther now is to have, of the Ma<iona 
and Child, belonging to Mr. Kei(i, is 
judjjed by every body that has seen 
it, although it is full of faultg, to be 
ao undoubted Corregio, to have un- 
common beauties in it, and to be 
worth a good price. 

1 am, Sir, Ed. Walfole. 

self, by subscription, or otherwise^ 
I have absolutely sold the property 
at once to Mr. Nourse, and am ae» 
tuaily correcting the pre!«8 as the 
sheets are sent hither, i left Londcoi 
with a general intention <»f returuiog^ 
thither, though uncertain as to tim^, 
perhaps towards the Winter, of whicb» 
when determined, I shall not fatl isf 
acquaint you, wh<»se commandfl X 
shall always with pleasure obey. I 
rejoic(*, on Mr. Reid's account, that 
the little picture meets wiih the ap- 
probation of tho c*'nnoi8!«c*urs; but I 
am a he'*e(ic, aud believe not in namef^ 
nor pr( toiui to distino^uiyh hands, et- 
perialiy where we have so few knowa 
originate to guide us in our judg- 
ments. 1 am, with all possible re- 
gard. Sir Edward, &c. &c. 

Mr. H. to Sir Edward Walfole. 
Sir Edward, 

Canterbury y May 9, 1 7 62. 
I am honoured with \ourHoi Iiie4th 
inst. in which the very obli-;ino^ thtngs 
you are pleased to s^y would abtm- 

* I do not find this letter. A. H. 
f Mr. H. bad retired from business 
to Canterbury, 


{To the 8 J me.) 
Sir Edward, 
It might to an indifferent person 
appe!)r iaipertineitt in me to ii)teirupt 
your leisure with any thing c<iiicera- 
inj; niy>.e!f, who have no other claim 
to y('iir notice ihsn what arises from 
a i^ratcful »e'jse of pnst favours ; but 
the«e a?isiire me it cannot be un^c- 
re|»i;«hle to y«)ur benevolent he^rt, 
to un erftaud tnat health, peace, and 
trar;qu!lljtv, have tierc succeeded to 
the tati;;ue, hurry, and aiixiety of my 
last inoiithH in town ; and that 1 now 
find leisure to indulge my incliuatioa 
in any iaYourilt itudy or amuiemeiit* 



^04 Cfthe London Theatres. — The Bear-GariefL [IWiririH 

We bare just read tbroogh two to- 
lumes of ** Anecdotes of Paiutiog,** 
&c. whrch hav« afforded ut a high eo- 
tertaioment ; -wh^o I §ay we^ I mean 
Mr. Duncombe, my daughter, and 
luyaelf, for we are all interested in 
tbe subject, and delighted witb the 
Author, whose spirited manner of 
writing awakens and -engages the at- 
tention, and whose observations are 
original and judicious: especially un- 
der the article of Rubens, to whom 
•carce any other writer has done jus- 
tice, or has, with so critical a dis- 
cernment and so true a taste, distin- 
guished his excellences. 

Whoever commends another's jodg- 
meut, does so, because it is conform- 
able to bis own, for every mau makes 
biBiself the standard or criterion, nor 
can it be otherwise; and thus, instead 
of flattering Mr. Walpole, I am flat- 
tering myself, for the conformity of 
'bis sentiments to mine, as expressed 
in a paper I wrote some years ago on 
this subject, and which I can hardly 
forbear transcribing, but it i^ too 
long for this pUce. 

But to enumerate particulars would 
be endless, and besides my purpose, 
which was only to acknowledge the 
pl<iasure 1 have had in perusing this 
work, and give some testimony of 
it, to which I felt an impulse that I 
could not easily resist. And this ac- 
knowledgment is due to you. Sir £M- 
ward, who were so obliging as to 
offer me the loan of these volumes, 
even to this place, which I should 
have accepted, if they had not been 
easily procured here from Dr. L. — 
We long for the third volume, which 
Mr. W. has promised at the latter end 
of the second. This is a work that 
grows still more interesting, and gra- 
tifies our curiosity more, as it ap- 
proaches to the present time. 

My daughter is highly obliged by 
tbe kind regard you have from time 
to time been pleased to express for 
her, whose respectful compliments 
wait on you. 

1 am, &c. J. H« 

Canterbury t 1764. 

(To be continued.) 

Of the London Theatres, No. IX. 

T^HE Bear Garden. The proximity 
of the buildmg called the Bear 
Garden to the Globe Theatre, has ob- 
tained it a situation in the same 
plate (see p. 1 13.) That rude mod ta- 

Tage diversion was ondoQ^tedly fm 
above two centuries coosidcfcd to £a|f» 
land a fit appendage to Royalty, 'tli 
origin iu this country cannot be traced* 
In the Northumberland HouiehoM 
book it is mentioned as a ChristniMdU* 
version with the Nobility, temp. Henry 
YII. I and in the following reig», 
among the shreds *' of LoQ4(m*' 
collected by Pennant, there ia a curK 
ous extract from a Poem ** by obo 
Crowley," upon this rabject^ ♦ 

** What folly Is this, to keep with danger 
A great mastive dog, and fowle ovgHe 

bear ; 
And to this an end, to see tbem two ftglit^ 
With terrible tearings, a full ougiie tigbt* 
And methinks those men are moit fools 

of al. 
Whose store of money is but veiv ana!» 
And yet every Sunday tb^ will surely » 

spend [to mcncL 

One penny or two tbe Bearwsma Uvinjg 

At Parii- Garden, each jStmAry, a oiaa 

shal not fail fwarda v^e. 

To find two or three bondred for tbeBear- 
One half penny a piece tbe use for to 

give, [purses I Mlevt. 

When some have not more io their 
Wei, at the' last day their conwieaeo 

wil declare, [may tpaie. 

That tbe poor ought to have al that thi^ 
If you therefore give to see a bear fight. 
Be sure God his curse upon yov wl( 


However barbafoaf thia nnm- 
roent now appears, it was iaaCtioiKd» 
if not promoted, by Queen Blisahelb. 
It formed one of the prince^ ptem^ 
sure» when she visited ]CeDilw6rth 
Castle, and on another occa«on wat 
exhibited at her palace at Greenwich 
to amuse the Danish Ambassador. 
The animals were coinnionly sup- 
plied for such demands froni tbii in* 

Stowe relates that upon Smidayf 
Jan. 13, 1582-S, about four iu too 
afternoon, ** the olde and voder* 
propped scaffbldes rouode about ih& 
Beare - garden," being overcharged 
with pdople, fell suddenly down^ and 
eight persons were killed, and mmny 
otlers hurt. ** A friendly warning 
(adds the honest Chronicler)lo soch as 

* Pennant has neglected, to supj^ a 
reference to the title of tbe work» or 
where it exists. Tbe pieces^ by Robert 
Crowley are numerous, and seldom oe- 
cur. Six of tbem are now before me^and 
neither contain the above lines. An 
inspection of the Poem is desinMf, 
The Author died in IStf. " 

as 1 6.3 Of the London Theatres. — The Bear- Garden. 205 

more delight themseliies in the cruel- 
tie of beastes, than in the workes of 
mercy, the fruitei of true professed 
faith, i/vhich ought to be the Sabboth 
dayes exercise.*' 

Towards the cloie of the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, the proprietorship 
of the Bear-garden bel«inged to Ed- 
ward Alleyi), who built the Fortune 
Play-house, and his father-in-law, 
Philip Henslowe. Then the principal 
emolument was derived from the ex- 
hibition upon Sundays ; and that being 
prohibited by King James soon after 
bis accession, a petition was presented 
to the King by Henslowe and Alleyu 
wherein the) state: 

** In respect of the great charge that 
the keeping the said game continually 
requires, and also the smalluess of the 
fee in tLe late Queen's time, fr^e liberty 
was permitted without restraint to bayC 
them, which is now taken away from us, 
•specially bn the Sundays in the after- 
noon, after divine service, which was 
the cbiefest means and benefit to the 
place; and in the time of sickness we 
-have been restrained many times ow the 
working days; these hindrances in ge- 
neral, with the loss of divers of the 
beastes, as before the King of Denmark 
we lost a goodly beare of the name of 
George Stone ; and at another hayting, 
being before your Majestie, were killed 
foure of our best bears, ^vhich in your 
kingdom are not the like to be had, 
and which were in value 30/. ; and also 
our ordinary charges amount nearly to 
SCO/, and better ; these losses and 
charges are so heavy upon your peti- 
tioners, that whereas formerly we could 
have letten it forth for 100/. a year, now 
none will take it gratis to bear the 
charges ♦." 

Bear-baiting was reckoned among 
the usual sights of London for strang- 
ers. It is mentioned where a party 
went *' abroad ^ith the hostesse to 
•ee sights : Cbeapside, the Exchange, 
Westminster, and London - bridge, 
trode the top of Powles vnder their 
feet, beene at Bearegarden, seene a 
Play,andhadatauern banquet," &c. t 
The Author of a trnct in manuscript 
in the Museum, written about this 
period, having censured the players 
for the indirect attacks made by them 
upon the Nobility, under borrowed 
names of foreign Dukes and feigned 

persons, defends this diversion, at 
needful for th^ common people, and 
that it should be exhibited upon fes« 
tivals, &c. 

** I cannot (he says) see howe that 
^weet and comfortable recreation Of 
bere-bayting (beinge to our rude and in- 
feriour vulgar that which Ciroensis Ve- 
natio was among the Romans) maye 
welbe forborne, seinge like will to like, 
as it is in the black proverbe, and there- 
fore conclude that our active spirritts 
and fine pregnant witts with plesant 
and ingenious piayes would be inters 
tayned, and the scumme of the people 
(evene vpon the festivall daies) to the 

Bancke - side drayned To retome 

where exception is taken to bear-boy- 
ting on festivall daies, I save vppon those 
hell is broake loose, and it is good pol- 
licye to drawe all the devylles (if it be 
possible) into one place to keepe them 
from being: easely tempted (tor pares cum 
paribus facillinie congregantur, petii 
dixissem copidanlur, for one devill easeiy 
tempteth another) and vnlawfuU at- 
temtinge ells where. Bestiis hiduigen- 
dum est infimtp plebi, the pi ore slaves 
bav<! benehelde in hardeto labour attthe 
workin°^ daies, and wuuld be s^iadd to 
have a little recreation on the holye dayes, 
which our commiserant Lunl otdayned 
in part (as I conceive) I it the reste of 
tbeoi and all brutes in ^enerall, whome 
the insatiable covetousnes of man wold 
contynually, without intermission, be 
hurrying in travcile and laboure, and 
partely for solace and refection to the 
droylinge servant. Nowe becawse the 
rude multitude dotbe not knowe well 
howe to vse libertye (and some they 
muste and will have) therfore that they 
themselves maye devise none madder, 
whereof mischief maye aryse to the 
weale puhlique of the poppular cittjres^ 
let them vse the sweete pastime of beare- 
boyteinge, and other suche puhlique 
exercises (tbougheon the festivall dayes) 
a God's name, that we may knowe what 
they doe, and whearK'to fynd them if 
neede be. And generall all manner of 
pastimes are to be permitted att cus- 
tomable tymes to a peaceable people for 
there solace and comfort as his Majestie 
in those moste .judicious and admirable 
preceptes and direccions to the Prince 
hathe verye choisely noated and pre^ 

However, when the Puritans {^uled« 
they considered *^ all people that ou 

♦ In 1617, among Alleyn's payments is "the King's rent for the bank [bearw 
garden] 13/: 17*:" See the whole Petition in Lysons's Environs, vol. L 
t PasquU's J«8ts with a Baker^s Do%en ef Gulls, 160€. 


I v 


earth did dwell," from fltatefmen to 
•cum, must to the copir«Bticle t bear* 
baiting ceased uoder the |reneral prohi- 
bition ; aud as the laud belonged to the 
CrowD, it was sold in Jan.- 1647, for 
1783/. i5«. The Puritans left no other 
amusement for geueral participation 
than the diversions of the field, which, 
probably, they had not a sufficient 
length of reign to devise the means of 
stopping. Edmund GaytoD describes 
the effect of tijeir mandate in the 
following lines s 

*' Hare is good sport, as all our gentry 

The Dnely recreation left us now ; 
For Plays are down, unless the puppet 

Sir William's lost, both Oyle and Opera : 
The noble cock-fight done, the harmless 

bears, [the ears ; 

Are more than ring'd by th'uose or by 
We are serious people grown, and full 

of cares, [hares." * 

As melancholy as cats, as glum as 

The diversion of bear-baiting was 
commonly succeeded by some novelty 
befitting such an exhibition. Alleyn 
concluded >an advertisement with tell- 
ing the publick, *' for their better 
content, [they] shall have pleasant 
fport with the horse and ape, and 
whipping of the blind bear.*' 

Something similar, probably, oc- 
casioned the burlesque account in Poor 
RobirCt Intelligence of July 1 1, 1670. 

** Bear- Garden, July 5. Here bath 
lately been presented the battle of the 
Jack- a- napes on horseback, or the tep- 
rible combat of Scaramouches and Har- 
lequin : a tragi-comedy, wherein the 
dreadfulness of the action contended 
for superiority over the pleasantness of 
the scene. . . . After a sore conflict, one of 
them might have been said to have 
made the other a cripple, but that Na- 
ture bad done it to his hands." 

In the same ludicrous Work of 
Jan. 8, 1677, it is announced, from 
Paris Garden, that 3000 bears have 
gone into winter-quarters; and io 
May is the following announcement t 

•* Bear CaMUf May 15. We were 
.yesterday big with the expectation of a 
terrible battel between a louse -trap 
maker and a silken calf-coverer,i who 
b^d agreed together to fall out, and 
eourteously invited each other to these 
Pbarsalian plains, for decision of a cer- 
tain controversie about a mistress, called 
Madam Empty Pocketts, that had long 

Ml ■ ' ' ■ ' 

* Art of Longeyity^ 165^. 

courted them both, but oor 

hopes miBcarried [the combatanta. £S 
fighting, which] occasioned wondcil^ 
consternation, confusion, riirliinitioBL 
and perturbation, throughout the whofe 
congregation; so that the neighboor^^ 
bears were greatly, apprehensive <^ aA. 
invasion from these more savage brut)^ 
and many were forc*d to take 
worth of board or tile for ti 
instead of so much show.** *^ . 

In April 1 680, an anonymootlefldr 
was sent to the Surveyor of the Cn^ 
torn- house, intimating tbfti tl tli# 
great prize to be fought oo the IliJt 
s;de, on the 5th, the meeting wottll 
be for ** the purpose of some milltor' 
ous design." . ■ f 

^ Of the auxiliary amimefBeiitt^'ee* 
Terai other instances might be '<M^ 
scribed ; and occasionally other evlU 
mats were substituted for the* bieMi»' 
About Feb. 1675, there ww e Heii"' 
baited, and tbe following aceoODi or 
a horse being worried, is Uto tffwftli^'' 
to omit J 

** London, April 7. At the hamm eef 
the Bankside, being his Bli^ csri f^ Kei#> 
garden, on Wednesday the \Sl^MH$i ef 
this instant April, at one of ttlMphlB 
the afternoon, will be a TInfns Ifljeil III 
death, of a most vast strength sniineii 
■ess, being between \% «bnI l^fiMidi' 
high, formerly belongiug in tbe RafI ef 
Rochester, aiid fur bis prodigioua fusA* 
lities in killing and destfoyiiif eeveml 
horses, and other cartel, he waa trmN 
mitted to the Alarquiss of Dorcli^nec4 
where doing the like mitchiefa, mad al|e 
hurting his keeper, be was seld te e 
brewer; but is now grown io hesii^ 
strong they dare not work bin ; fSor ke 
bath bitten and wounded so maoj pef* 
sons (some having died of their vooiidb} 
that there is hardly any can fMuis the 
streets for him, though be be fast.tM^ 
for be breakli bis baiter to ruii vt^vt 
them though loaden with eigh^ banw 
of beer) either biting or treiuiing tbela 
down, monstrously tearing their IftBtft, 
and edting it^ the like whereof bath 
hard][y been seen. And 'tis eeiiaiii tlU 
horse will answer the ekpeetatkmcdf-iit 
spectators. It is intended for the dltei^ 
tisement of his Excellency the Embitsii* 
dour from the Empecour of Pea and !!••' 
roeeo ; many of the nofjiUty and fenCqr 
that knew the horse, and several fa^ 
chiefs done by h)m, designing,.!^ |!^ 

** London, Jpril 15. I^is ((aj» tKe 
great Horse mentioned in our last being 
brought to the Bear-garden, several dogs' 
were set upon bim, all which l»'o«||w. 
•ane, te the gleet satitlMtei ef^ tlie 

1$1«»1 Of the Lpndon Tkeaire^'-^The Bear-Garien. flOT- 

■pectaton. But» after a little time, a Cive bim Bear-garden law, that 's fair 

persor resolviug^ to save his life, aud play for 't, 

preserve bim for another time, led him And be' 8 content for one to make yott 

away ; and beiii|; come almost as far aa [sport f." 

London bridge, the Mobile then in the . , • j *u- i * n . * 

house cryed out it was a cheat, and .. ^^ ^^a* P«"Od th if place fell mto 

thereupon began to untyle the house, <>."«»e af a bear-garden, is not pre* 

knd threatened to pull it quite down, if ^^w®"! known; but it may be conjee- 

the Hone were not brought again and ttired about 1686-7, at which tim# 

baited to death. Whereupon the Horse Henry Bayly was the keeper. 

was again brnught to the place, and the Thefollowing adyertisement appeal^ 

dofs ance m<ire set upon him ; but they . » . . r^iTv M 

not being able to ^crcome bim, he to annouoce some por ion of the land 

was run throujrb with a sword, and dyed, convened into an esUblisbment of 

It was designed principally for the en- more utility than contests of aoim«lt. 

tertainment of his Excellency the Em- »nd gladiatorial battles % 

bass^our from the Emperour of Fe« ., ^here is now made at the Bear^ 

and Morocco; but by reason of bad wea- ^^^ ,^g . 1^^^^ ^„ ^^^ Bank-side, 

ther, he was not there *. crown window glass, much exceeding 

la Uu5 preceding: month, the Am- p^ench glass in air its qualifications* 

bassador, accompanied with the Duke ^^ich may be squared into all sizes if 

of Albemarle and other personl of sashes for windows and other uses, 

distinction, had visited the Bear-gar- and may be had. at most glaziers iav 

den, and that probably occasioned London t*" 

his name to be used as a lore in the , j^^^^ ^^^^^ flourished « Hit 

ieci»nd instance. Majesties Bear-garden in Hockley in 

The following lines appear a more .t tt i » j** » ju .u 

X- 'lue 1 ...^ f T»k« .^.i Lf ^««,«««- the Hole:" audit was presented by the 

t^c J J ■ -a. r - • •». or that year, as a public nuisance* 

Pun founded on a visit of curiosity; ^ ,,. s '.. ^ mm .»« vw 

, ^ , To this place there appears to have 

*'*''****J'^ ^''***"^* "^ worse treated been IHlle more than the title trans- 

MM. ^l » 1 ' • 1 r. -. 1 j" ' ferred, as all the announcements I 

Then on the Bank-side butchen do a k«»^ «<i«« «•« «^«i:„..j »^ «-:-- 

Faith, Sirs, be kind, since now his Ume . J*^^ \ confined^to pria© 

' is cLme, [doom : fighters, who made a terrific dispUj 

When he must stand or fall as you shall ^n — paper V Eu. HooB. 

• Thomson's Loyal Protestant, April 8 and 15, 1689. 

•f* Prologue to Otway's Friendship in Fashion, acted at the Duke's Theatre 1679. 

X tJazette, June 18, 1691. 

§ The following advertii^ements may amuse : 

'< At his Majesty's Bear-garden in Hockly Hole, a tryal of skill will be performed 
on Thursday next, being the 13lh instant, by two of the clock, between the bold 
faeroe, Thomas Hesgatc, a Bs^rkshire man, and Reuben Terrewest, of Oundle, ia 
Korthamptonshire. Also ten men will fight to divert the company." Postman^ 
June II, 1700. 

« Vesterday, a prize was fought at the Bear-garden, between one King and ano« 
ther, said to be both Welshmen : they no way counterfeited, but cut each other to - 
that degree, that they both jump'd off together, and gave great satisfaction to the 
company." Protestant Mercuiy, June 21. 

" At his Majesties Bear-garden, in Hockley in the Hole, a trial of skill to be 
performed (wet or dry) on Wednesday next, being the 30th of this instant October^ 
between these following Masters, James Harris, a Herefordshire man, master of 
the noble science of defence (who hath fought fourscore and seventeen prizes, and 
never was worsted, also master to Mr. Jones, the bold Welshman, and Mi'. King) 
and Francis Gorman, who lately cut down 3 famous men, master of the said science* 
All gentlemen are desired to come betimes." Postman^ Oct. 29. 

** At, &c. between Joseph Sanderson, the valiant Trooper, and Francis Gorman* 
who lately cut down four brave men, masters of* the noble science of defence, who 
will fight whether a full house or not, for 30/. the best man at the sharp weapons. 
Beginning exactly at 3 of the clock in the afternoon." lb. March 18, 1700-1* 

*' At, &c. \^ithout beat of drum, will be performed a tryal of skill between these 
following masters, John Terrewest, of Oundle, in Northamptonshire, who lately 
fought Mr. Joseph Thomas ; and William King, of Tetbury, in Gloucestershire, at 
% in the afternoon precisely. Note, There is lately built a pleasaAt cool |;aUevy 
for gentlemen.** lb. July %, 1701. 


■ -y.' 


Character of Nicholas Breton, 


Mr. Urban, Feb, 16. 

OF all the various matler con- 
tained in yonr numerous vo- 
lumes, Riojiji-iphy serms to have been 
your liueurite. Youvvill not there- 
fore be displeased with the following 
extract from the preface to BreioiVs 
MehmchoUke Humours^ printed at 
the Lee Friory Fress. 

C7iarr/c<er o/* Nicholas Breton, an m- 
geniom, butfmgott^n Poet of the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth. 
Is it an idle curiosity that wishes to 
unfold the secrets of the grave? 1 would 
willingly draw back the veil from the 
itory ot this Author's misfortunes! He 
bewails in so many of his writings his 
sorrows, his sufferings, and his melan- 
choly, that it is impossible to believe 
these complaints to have been " con- 
jured up for the occasion:*' and we 
■eem to have Ben Jonson's authority for 
our belief that they arose from no fan- 
cied catises. 

If Breton was the same person 
who owned the manor of Norton, in 
Northamptonshire, poverty could scarce- 
ly be the ground of his anxieties : for 
that lord«5hip was transmitted to the 
owner's male posterity, who are still in 
affluence, and only sold it within these 
twenty years. On the whole, it seems 
more probable that the poet was a col- 
lateral branch of the same ancient house. 
It is the fashion to consider a queru- 
lous disposition little entitled to the fa- 
vour of the publick. If by querulous be 
meant an abundant indulgence in the 
utterance of fanciful griefs, the repro- 
bation is surely just. But it is far other- 
wise with the expression of real and un- 
affected sorrow. Cares and misfortunes 
so universally touch, Rt some period of 
life, every feeling bosom, that sympa- 
thy with the utterance of genuine grief 
is a mental exercise almost generally 
grateful to intellectual beings. He, who 
cannot distine:uish true, from pretended, 
gensibility, must be himself insensible. 
There is a touch, a colouring, in it, be- 
yond the reach of Art. Breton, every 
where, exhibits this touch and colouring. 
The reign of Queen Elizabeth was a 
period of difficulty for the individuals 
whom it excited to fame and distinction, 
in which was cherished an emulation of 
great thinp:s with insufficient means. 
The splendour required of the great no- 
bility far exceeded the unproductive 
rentals of their estates. The cries of 
povertv and distress, which their pri- 
vate letters exhibit, are often very 
striking. What must then have been 
^he case of the private gentry who fol- 
lowed I he Court? and most of all, of 
the wretched dependents, who hunted 

after Court-patronage ? OF men, wbo, ' 
as their only passport, were necessitated 
to waste their little and precarious sub- 
sistence in expensive pageantries, and 
gaudy clothes ? 

The great Heroine, who sat upon the 
throne, had only a choice of difflcultiet 
through a perilous reign; and bar hearty 
made of stern materials, exacted, with* 
out much apparent regret, hard measure 
of her subjects. 

Perhaps it was to circumstances such 
as these, that the difficulties of Breton*t 
career through life were owing! Per- 
haps, of gentle and honourable bloody 
which early excited him to look to re- 
fined society, and superior station, he 
had not the pecuniary means to secure 
that to which his birth taught him to 
look; and in the alternacy bet^teen the 
strenuous exertions of worldly ambition, 
and the delirious forgetfulness of the 
Muse's libations, the excursive wander- 
ings of one day undid the whole painful 
progress of another, till exhausted spi- 
rits and continued disappointmeuts 
brought on melancholy and despair. 

Such at least has too often been the 
struggle of many a great and lamented 
genius through this world of ganger and 
mischance! Let him who seeks the 
Muse's favours as the reward of his toils, 
not hope that he can join with tbem a . 
worldling's pursuits ! Thi daily plodder, 
who bends neither to the right nor to 
the left, whose eye is never drawn aside 
by a landscape however beautiful, and 
whose hand is never tempted to gather 
a flower even on the edge of his path, 
will win the goal of worldly power and 
renown, long before him, even at a 
snaiPs pace ! 

Breton enjoyed among bis contem- 
poraries a general popularity. But it 
has been too frequently proved that fame 
and support have no necessary nor even 
probable connexion, in the walks of 
Poetry. A giddy publick, while pleased 
with the Songster's ditties, neither 
thought nor cared about the fate or suf- 
ferings of him who produced them. It, 
is a resistless and incomprehensible pas- 
sioB, which still impels tfhe tuneful com- 
plainer to breathe forth his strains of 
delight or pathos in defiance of the pres- 
sure of neglect or want. Could Breton 
rise again from the grave, and choose 
his course throngh this life, it would 
scarcely be that of a Poet, harassed by 
poverty, and crowsed with fruitless lau- 
rels. His " Melancholike Humours" 
flow from one deeply immersed in the 
Castalian spring, who had drank fully of 
its inspiring waters. These strains will, 
1 trust, hereafter be received amonic the 
pure relics of the departed geaios of 
England ! Miaroh 99^ 1816. 


Sketxh of Ground, in the Vufnfty f^':":\.',T\ * 
&IMAJIJLTA.M, ■■■'■'■ ■'-i'-»'«« 
lA^ JVte efAjitiau CARTB2A. - ■ •■ ' ' 

1^16.] ' dccotait ofanU'ent Carteia, and Ut Remains. 209 

" CiruiMi, .orbeai opnlentam, caput beaulifal r«mile bead with her veil 
Genti* (JM, eipuroM, d>r>piiqu« An- Ihro'nn back like Mapii mtter, or 
"""'■ Li». B. MI. tl,c he*d of Rdme on aonie ..f th« 

tbrtunea «f tfae Ponipe*i, aod u re- f"^** »■« Nalaral Hiiloi'; anl And. 

carded ai the la*( retreat of the Vitiu of Ihe adjacent countrf. 
jouoger Po'iiipey alter the uufortu- ^* ^'i'* hiitorji will include (i^rtt of 

IMle battle of Munda. Andaluiis, not onlj moil iDtereiling 

We maj probably dale thedeclin- 'ur iU iiBlur*l bekuliei, bul alio for 

iUf glorj and iiupurtance tif Carleia ^^. variety and iDBgaificence of it* 

front thii period. Far Slrnbo, the ancient monumcQli, and perhnpi on- 

molt correct of ancient geoeraphert, known to the Enfjliih Reader i in tJila 

after repreirntiog Caipe with ihnte poi»t of view, it in preiumed the nub- 

atron^ cbaracleriitic ftalurei, irbicb "cation will be deemed gratifjiDF 

Time bai not ;et altered — addi, '■ut importaul. 

M Ad II. inde iladia Ciirteia, uriM »6- bww-. j ■> „j-.i , 

to*ta et niemorabili.. olim ilatia na- ■«S«^«'— *■ RoMdirloftrm-houw. 

^ibu. Hi.p.niorn„„"-a„d then ob- Wu,!?uMreia"Xte'n^rC"di.' 

Murornm Circnrtum .t Na.alu ■' J . ^.gniflcnt R^man l«n>ple. f^m th. 

..» " ■ re^'Mble cirrum.lance, Rrea* variety nf marble piUa.s, column., 

tfa«t Carleia ulwayt duplayed on iti andcarnicrsdusupatibetime.-^c Ri^ 

coin* the image of it* parent, the man bathi.— >^J. Excavatiuiis made In 

cr«wned city of Tyre.— A Inrreled 1811. Fuuiidaiiun of a Isije ancient 

_ , _ buildiiip;, Biid ■eli-prmerved specimen 

• See Livy, B. Si. j^ t «"■?"" brick pn.cnwnl.—ee.Torra 

t Lirv-. Account of the action be- t,^ // ^T^)''l" "' "'°*« 

nrwui Leiin. and Adherbal, B. 38. Also ,h "J'"8t/-^- ^»lh> of the cty.-,. Ot 

bMwem Didiu. and Van.ra« related by "" Aqueduct.-A. Of the Ampbitheatr.. 

notui, B. 4. 

* n"**''« ^* « * ..,.. IRtarAdioiralSirChackjV. 

Gkmt. Mio. M»rA, 1816, 

2 1 Barns and Barn Elms. — Improved Life Boat. [March, 

/. Torre Cartagena. — m. Remains tain plugs or valvef, whercbj th« 

of a square building. — nn. Commence- water would escape through the bot- 
ment of the aqueduct. — o. Excavations torn, and the boat from her buoyancy 
in 1811. Calpensis. i//iw»erf/fl/.e(y recover herself. 

■' Another peculiar property of Ihii 

Mr. UiinAN, March 12. life-boat is, that, should Rhe by anj' 

ON lately looking over the ac- accident be overset and lurued bot- 
counl of Surrey in the ** Beau- l^^^ upwards, the crew, by means of 
tie* of England and Wales," 1 Wi»8 life-linei, can get upon the bottom, 
much surprized to find that the parish ^here they will be secure; while, 
of Barnes and Barn- Elms had been fy^,,^ ti,g flatness of the floors, the 
totally otnitled ; and the more so, y^c^^iX can be rowed by the crew, while 
as the latter affords much matter of ^y^ j^c bottom, almost as well as if 
historical and literary information, ghe was on her kecK 
which has not escaped the vigilant within the three last years, this 
assiduity of Mr. Lysons*. At this Joat has been tried by naval ofl|Cj*§ . 
place, our Sovereign Queen Eliza- ©f first-rate rank and reputation, ia 
beth was entertained by Sir Francis ^ycry silualim^ and in all has been 
Walsingham in the year 1 589 ; here favLwAXo succeed ; several of our gal-" 
also resided the celebrated fleideg- |a,it tars have thereby been saved lo 
ger, and the Poet Cowley % here also j^eir country, and other impofriant 
the well known Bookseller, Mr. Ton- advantages been derived to tnc ler-' 
son, built a room, in which were de- ^j^^^ which no other boat could have 
posited the portraits of the celebrated afforded j indeed the recomraenda- 
KitCat Club. tions from those officers iu favour 

Barn-Elms, with a very exten- thereof are as strong as langutge can 
sive landed property adjoining, express; Sir George Collier in par- 
which is held under the Church of St. ticular says, tb'at V whoever has onct 
PauPj», is now the property of Henry ^^^ y„^ ^^ j^^g^j boats, will never go 
Hugh Hoare, esq.; and descended to ^^^ g^.^ without one.'" 

him from his grandfather Sir Richard ^he Board of Admiralty liave latelj 

Hoare, knt. and Lord Mayor for the ordered them to be supplied loall hif 

city of London in the year 1745-6, Majesty's ships and yessels, instead, 

and from his father, the late Sir Hi- ^f joHy.boals, and also rewarded the 

chard Hoare, bart. inventor with a present of 200 gui-^ 

It is to be hoped, that this smguiar ^^^^ 

omission will be remedied, by a few ^^^^ gj^^ ^llow me to ask you, it 

additional pages tu the county of iin„t a grand desideratum, that those 

Surrey. Astiquarius. ^,^,^1^ should be in general use around 

*' our sea-girt isle? I am perimaded 

Tif. iTnn.v Plymouth Dock, ji^^^^ had boats of this description 

jwr. iRBA^i, March 7. y^^^^ ,,n the Irish coast at tbe linie 

YOU a Correspondent G. G. V. j,f ^i^g i^te dreadful shipwrecks, many 

havriig iu p. 101. recommended valuable lives would thereby hav« 

an inipro\ed construction of Boats, j,g^,^ saved 5 indeed their efficiency . 

in order to preserve the lives of those j-^^ ^^^e purpose has been demooBtra^ 

i/aluable men who are employed on jj|^ proved and acknowledged, 
the sea-coasts around our happy Isle; j^^j. ^^ ho^Q, therefore, that some 

I bejT leave in addition, in order to public-spirited perspn, of 'sufficient 

save^ the crews of ships so frequently ^^^y^ and consequehce, will take thii ^ 

wrecked on our shores, to call your ^^^^^ Jq j^^nd, and not rest till it b« 

attention to a Life-Boat invented accomplished. How amply will he b* 

by a Mr. Fiucham, the master boat- rewarded by the heartfelt talisfae^ 

builder of his Majesty's Naval-yard jj^,„ ^i^j^h wifl be derived froin Ihd 

at Ply mouth, in which boat are united consideration, that, underProvidcncr, 

the properties of a whale-boat with j^^ j^^, i^^g^ ^jj^ happy instrument of 

those of a life boat ; she is also so rescuing annually fr<»m destruction, 

constructed, that, should she even be ^ ^^ose lives are not only wla- 

filled by a heavy sea, she would still j^^le to their respective familiet, but 
float, and the crew instantly rid also to the community ! - 

themselves thereof by pulling u p ger- j ^ave no doubt but that the In- 

-Tsee - Env"ironrof London." ^e'^tor would, for a ^^^^^^^^^^ JJjJ; 



History of Sussex."— 7%tf Ukraiqe. 


relinquish any further advantage he 
inajr expect to xleriYe therefrom; and, 
not bein^ in affluent circumstances 
a corapensatiun from the Publick to 
him is but reasonable. 

The boat maj be built for about 
^.30; and, independently of her use 
as a life-boat, will answer every ser- 
yice for which a boa't of the same 
dimensions is cafculaleJ ; which I 
consider to be sufficiently proved by 
hei' being substituted for a jolty> 
boat on board oar fthips of war. P.B. 

Mr. Urban, Sussex, March 17. 

TBE first volume of the "History 
of West Sussex,'' by Mr. Dalla- 
way, has been for some lime before 
the publick, and has given general sa- 
tisfaction. The known good faith of 
the Rev. Author, the ample snbscrip- 
tion, and the desire expressed in the 
nvill of the late Duke of Norfolk, are 
guarantees to the publick for the se- 
cond volume as promised. Many are 
anxious to be apprized of the proba- 
ble period of its publication. But a 
much greater anxiety prevails as io 
the undertaking of Mr. Valantyne re- 
lative to the Eastern Division of the 
County. Of this publication there are 
no symptoms — whatare we to expect? 
A gentleman, who lately represented 
that county in Parliament, has at a 
great expence, and with much libe- 
rality, provided many materials, and 
has actually advanced money to as- 
sist in and'to forward this work; and, 
in fact, has constantly expressed a 
resolution to patronize the History of 
the Eastern, in the same manner as the 
DukeOf Norfolk protected and assist- 
ed in Che editing of the History of the 
Western Rapes of Sussex. Why^then 
has nothing been done? in the hope 
of an early answer to these iuquries, 
I remain. Yours, &c. E. J. C. 

The Ukraine, and its Inhabitants, 
( Concluded fromyolLXXXy.'il 606.) 

OF their form of government 
somewhat has been already men- 
tioned. At fir«t it was, both under the 
Poli»h and afterwards under the Rus- 
siaa sovereignty, entirely kozakian. 
It was however evident from the be- 

haviour of the people, . particularly^ 

their chiefs, that they wished to be 
Considered nnd treated, not as sub- 
jects, but in a manner -as joint-pru« 

tector^i. In some of their privileges, 
the spirit of such an association even 
see ned to act. But they were too 

wc^k to maintain themselves as an 
ioil^fieudent nation ; and the sove- 
ret^UB (or as they rather choose to 
say, the Protectors) felt no avidity 
f«r (he mere honour of being pro- 
tectors, and at most to be able to 
DMike a dubious requisition of auxi- 
liary troops, and to be kept io per- 
petual turmoil with this raw aod tur- 
bulent people, who sometimes even 
made common cause with the eoe- 
mies of the empire. — The UkraiDiah 
constitution might perhaps have suit- 
ed well enough vrith the genius of 
former ages; but it gradually dege- 
nerated, till at last it became injii- 
rious to the Kozaks themselves. 

'The Hetman, who had the supreme 
command over the Kozak regiments, 
and in virtue of the antieni consti- 
tution, over the several Malorussian 
circles,,, or in one word over the 
whole territory, and represented a 
monarch, had* from the various im- 
posts, from ample domains, and 
other sources, a very considerable re- 
venue. Both in civil and military 
concerns he was however assisted by 
a council of the elders. The insignia 
granted him by the kings of Poland 
consisted of the truncheon, or staff 
of command, the national banner, 
horse-tail, kettle-drum, and signet. 
He was invested with great power 
and authority: even during the Po- 
lish supremacy he possessed the right 
to coin money. His residence was 
at several times changed, now with, 
now against the consent of the Ko- 
zaks : originally it was at Shigitim ; 
afterwards at Terektimirof; under 
the Russian domination it was re- 
moved to Baturin ; lastly, when Ma- 
zeppa engaged in his notorious trea- 
sons, and united with the King of 
Sweden, the Hetraan's office ceased 
for a while with him ; and in the in- 
terim the government was adminis- 
tered at Gluchof*. The Empress 

* A town of no great note ; where in the year 1773, only two brick houses were 
seen, one of which was occupied by the Governor-general, namely, the General 
FieUUniarsbal Count Romantzof Zadunaiski ; it was small, but built in au 
elegant taste. He used it only as occasional quarters, wheu ,encamped with tlie 
army ; his ordinary residence being on one of bis tstates noffex from the town. 


212 The Ukraine and its Inhabitants. [Miirchy 

Elizabeth indeed in 1750 declared and its President. Al 

Count K}rilia HaziimofskiUctinan *, preieot the Tice-regal instilatioo if 

bu. a^ the Ko2!aks broip^^ht heavy co tuple ( el j introduced, with the iincla 

CO pIrUiits a<:ainst him and liis ^o- renervalion, in fayour of the M agoo- 

verninent, which they represented as burg c<»de, when it is not in cootim- 

grievously o| pressive, he was dis- vention to the ukases:^. The Em- 

inissid, viilh the reMervation of a press io the year 1 775' united the 

Sart of the Hetmnn'H eAtntes \a alio- vian yiceroyalty with that of Litll# 

iai tcnan'ry, and the oiiKC of Het- RuMia, but afterwards divided tbif 

man wan : hMli^hed for ever; the go- territory, a part of which likewite 

Tcrnrnt-ut of fhe Malo-rn^sian Kozaks belonged to the yiceroyalty of £ka- 

con'iniied however at Glurhof, on- tarinosUuf» into the three already 

der I he presidency of a Governor- specified. 

general and .> college of coadjutors During the Kozakian constitotioOy 

appointed by him ; by whom at pre- the subordinate commanders, nameijv 

sent (he administration of public af- the colonels, sotniks, atamans, ftciaa 

fairs, MS in the other virc*- royalties, judges, and officers, had particular 

is conducted I whereby the empire estates fron[> which they derived tbeir 

ban obtained a coD<iiderable augmen- incomes. They received no talariet 

tation of revenue in taxes, domains, it is true; but they knew to well how 

.&c. — For the rest, all proceedings in to avail themselves of the simplicitf 

civil cases are conducted conform- of the people, that numberfof tbem, 

ably to the Magdeburg jurisprudence, though formerly nothing more tlian 

adopted by the community itself, common Kozaks, yet by tbeir triclLt 

from their first association with the and subterfnges, aud the most 

Poleii and LithunniaDsf Every circle grant bribery, they clinvhed from one 

oi* cuntor, which, as before observed, post of command to aoother» wmA 

bears the of a regiment, had its enriched themselves at the ^ipeiMia 

own judicature, in subordination to of their unfortunate subalterns t 'add 

the hi»h administrator and bis col- when the Empress gracionsly pemiH- 

lege or council, from which there lay ted 'he several commanders of thb 

an appt'ai to the tribunal of the Het> Kozaks, from the chief down to the 

man; -'od, suhsequent to its abo- voiskovoi-roivaskoMbi, t. tf. 'military 

lit ion, to the Malo-russian college comrade, to wear an embroidei^d 

with the Bu^sian commander at its sword-belt, they had the asfeurniiea Co 

head, or the goverument at Gluchof, strut about in one, and obtltKHid 

from whose decision an appeal was themselves into the class ofaobilily. 

scarcely ever made in ,the Polish Accordinglv, the so much vaaMed 

times to the diet, or under the Rus- liberty of the' Ukrainian Koaakianb* 

aian i^overeignty to the senate. In sisted in a ^reat measure solely io 

matters of government and of police the imagination. They were alwaji 

the nrdrrs depended solely on the subjected to certain tributef, ««pe- 

good uleasure vf the Hetman and his cially for the support of the armji 

tubordina*o council; but after the they were likewise forced to paj 

abolition of that office (he ukases of taxes on all articles of commereef #f 

the senate and the other imperial col- well to the public treasury as to the 

leges, were directed to the Maio- general expenditure, and tothepri- 

* He retains, however, not all the former revenue of the Hetman f bat in Ilea 
of the taxes ei.j(»yeil by hi^ predecessors, 50^000 rubles; a sum not amoontK 
perhaps to a fourth part of the former. ■ 

f Gt'orgi says, thev were regulated by the Polish statutet. With mora pro- 
priety It Diiglit l>e said, conf.>rm<ib)y to the laws introduced under the K^Ma- 
. iiian or Polish soverei;o™ty. Now ev««ii ihose nkases have the force of laws whioh 
fonui riy tht Koz.iks, so proud of their privileges^ would not hear of: tbeviloald 
not admit, but twMi ref.ised to reail them, if they contaiued ordinances.' 

X The same writer affirms, that some of the tietmans having abuMd .their att- 
tbortty, it was deemed expedient to leave to this dignity searcel^ any Chiti|r more 
than its title. The latter point is difficult to t>e understood | since e?en the title 
no luniier exists, except in history. This author in general speaks- of sevvml po« 
• liticaland mill tary .objects 4ts if still in being, though all has been lone aiMa al- 
tared. ... 


The Ukraine and its Inhabitants. 


▼ate coflTerf of the Hetniaa. — By an 
ulcase of the year 1783, the prexen^ 
tribute9 of the Kos^ks were ascer- 
tained : for the mo^t part they cor- 
resp'ind with those of other f)ro- 
Tinces, (bough some small diversity 
appears. Iq relation to the Kozaki, 
it is there said : ^' In lieu of the for- 
mer imposts, which were unequally 
levied, and dependent on the will of 
the constituted authorities, by whom 
they were exceedingly oppressed, 
every male individual shall pay 120 
kopeeks," to which afterwards two 
kopeeks oo every ten rubles were 

To be brief, the Malo^russian Ko- 
zaks, though they still bear that ap- 
pellation, eveu ID ukases and other 
pubiit documents; yet of their for- 
mer Kozakian government nothing 
BOW remains. The true reason of 
their abolition probably was, that 
they were t >o great an expense to 
11^ Crown: Originally they purchased 
aad maintained their own nurses ; and 
tliercfore received great wages. This 
was afterwards changed i yet their 
accoutrements were verv expensive, 
effpecially the uniforms or the officers. 
At the same time their service was 
^f no greater importance than that 
at present performed by the light 
cavalry. They wore short camisoles, 
iiuzar-sabres, equipped with huzar 
bridles and saddles, rode light horses, 
and were furni§hed with pistols and 
carabines. The officers wore the 
usual long uniform, as in the carabi- 
nier - regiments, but which have 
been since exchanged for the short 
jacket. This cavalry was introduced 
by Prince Potemkin. They were 
first raised as pikaniers, and behaved 
gallantly in the Turkish campaigns, 
piercing the Turks with their pikes 
and then hewing them down with 
tbeir sabres. Among others the Ne- 
prof regiment greatly distinguished 
itself. But the pikanier regiments 
"Were afterwards likewise reformed 
into light cavalry, and as such are of 
g^eat service. 

I shall now conclude these loose 
remarks, by an extract from an old 
anonymous traveller, in 1665, whose 
short general description may serve 
as well at present, so far as it extends, 
as it did for his times. The peasants 
in the Ukraine and the adjacent pro- 
Tiaces, says he, are in a stale of vas- 
jalage, at ia almost every part of 

Poland, being boaod to work three 
or four days in the week for their 
landlords, and are charged besides 
with many other duties^ as tributes 
of com and fowl, for the lands whicA 
they hold* and to pay the tenth' of 
sheep and hogs, and all kinds of fruit, 
as also to carry wood, and to divers 
other day-labburs. Add to this the 
ill treatment which they receive from 
the Jews, who are farmers of the 
noblemen's estates, and who before 
the wars exacted all these duties with 
the utmost rigour; and moreover they 
had farmed out the brewing of beer 
and the distilling of strong waters*; 
so that we need not moch wonder at 
their frequent revolting, and that fa 
these late wars they contended for 
their liberty with such obstinacy*. It 
is this austere servitude which has 
called op all these brave Zaporogian 
Kozaks, whose number is much in- 
creased of late years, through the 
despair into which the adsterity of 
the nobles and the Jews has cast the 
people of this frontier, by constrain- 
mg them to seek their freedom'or the 
end of their miseries among the rest* 

The inhabitants of the Ukraine, 
who are all at present called Kozaks, 
and glory in carrying that name, are 
of a proper stature, active, robust, 
and dextrous in what tbey do, liberal^ 
and little solicitous to gather riches, 
great lovers of liberty, and impa- 
tient of any yoke ; indefatigable, bold 
and resolute, but very great drunk- 
ards, perfidious and treacherous. They 
delight in hunting, fishin^^, and in {he 
necessary arts of a rural and at the 
same time a military life. They have 
also a peculiar method of preparing 
the saltpetre with which tnelr coun- 
try abounds, and from whence great 
quantities are transported into divers 
parts of Europe. They carry much 
of it to Dantzic, where the Hollan- 
ders and ships of other nations re- 
ceive it. 

This country is greatly infested with 
musquitos, which sting so fiercely as 
to raise blisters on the face and other 
parts of the body accessible to them. 
It is impossible therefore, to sleep ia 
summer excepting under a light 
frame covered with a sort of net or 
cotton cloth tucked in on the sides 
of the bed, and hanging down half 
a foot below it, so that there may 
be no place left open to thei^ttacks* 
But they are macfa More plagued 


IV Ukraine and its Ju^diiaHts. 


with locuili, «kkk coine ia Mme 
2««ri, Mpecikllj: ia ntj drj teatoai. 
Tbej nre broagfat W in But or 
SouUi-eut wioil out e'Tii'tarj, Cir< 
Mlria, ind Mingrelii, «kich countrie) 
■K tcarrel; ever free from there. 
Tbej carat: b c1on<U of flre or (ix 
league! ti>il^ tad three or bar league* 
broad, darken inc the air !■ iiifch lart, 
that the raott cu 
becomei duiky. 
•ibp, the;, reap 
tbao. two buur* 
vel green. The 
■is moD^i in thi 
alight. In aatn 

aoa in the follow 
hatched, and if i 
ri^n* kill themi 
Ihe cooDlrj ii d 

.Kourgp, or. elie bj the Norik mi 
Xorth-ttt^t nindi, which dri*etfaain 


flirt, the; creep 'Iota. hoDMi,' into 
bed*, upon the tablw, nbd Dpon (be 
meal, lu that it ii hardlj.poHibleto 

cat wilbuDl twallowrba; aoine of tbeni. 
Ia the night the/fii^^wii iatti the ' 
higbvafi andiieMi. i<hich are '*&•»«• 
time* covered with Ihern ) and when 

treating tbeA'iBihe tkme'nWBer a* 
lhoM:whoare'lnfeclediritbtheIW«tie> ' 
nerea, and number* hav^tweii iBKU- , 
■ibij delivered from it by the change • 
of air, in pujiingfram one dblrict to I 
another. Thii diaeaie proceed*, >e- 
cordiog to Ihe common opinioo, from 
the cruditj or tome other bid. quo- i 
litj. of their wateni and thi> i« re- i 
markable in it, tbat it i* eommoDi* ( 
caitd like.jt^e oDe t^uvemeBtiDDciL | 

1816.] Religion of the Inhabitants of the Ukraine. 2 1 S 

Lord, make the foul of thy deceased 
servant to rest in the glorious, in the 
pleasant place, in the place of r«- 
freshmedt, whence grief, trouble and 
sighing are banished." But as for 
the souls of the wicked and unrighte- 
ous, they hold, that they descend ina- 
mediately into hades, the place of 
condemnation and of God's wralh. 

They reject the Romish doctrine 
of purgatory by fire, as having no 
foundation io scripture, and thus ar- 
gue, ab absurdo, against it: ** If the 
soul satisfies for sins committed in 
this life io such a place, then, hy pa- 
rity of reason, part of the mystery 
or sacrament of penance might be 
performed there, which i«, say they, 
contrary to the orthodox tenets." 
Notwithstanding this, however, they 
fancy the souls of the departed de- 
tained and shut up in hiddenmost se- 
cret and unknown recesses under 
ground, there to be perplexed and 
barrassed, and to suflfer dno^a or 
grievous afflictions, and to find ease 
and refreshment from the prayers 
and suffjtages and oblations and sa- 
crifices of the living. Upon this ac- 
count it is, that the ])riest or Pope, 
in the celebration of the sacrament, 
standing at the prothesis, offers seve- 
ral particles of bread, one in honour 
of God's Mother, which is placed on 
the right side of the bread that is to 
be cousecrated; the rest in honour 
of St. John the Baptist, with the holy 
and glorious apostles; of St. Basil, 
St. Gregory the divine, St. John Chry- 
8<»stom, Athanasius, Cyrillus, Nicho- 
las of Myrea, and all holy Bishops; 
St. Stephen the first martyr, St. 
Geiir^e, Demetrius, Theodorus, and 
all other holy martyrs; St. Anthony, 
Eulhymius, Saba, Onuphrius, Arse- 
nius, Athanasius of mount Athos, and 
all holy monks; the holy physicians 
Cosmas and Daroianus, Cyrus and 
John, Pantaleon and Hermolaus, 
Sampson and Diomedes, Thallaleus 
and Trypho, and the rest of them i 
St. Joachim and Anna, the 'saint of 
the day, and all saiuts; and for his 
particular archbishop and all the 
clergy, and for the founder of the 
church or monastery, for the living 
and the dead, where he mentions 
their names, and for all who sleep in 
hope of the resurrection to everlast- 
ing life, to whom, merciful God, do 
thou give pardon. 

Th«e are placed in the patin, and 

are carried to the altar of consecra- 
tion, and by reason of their vicinity 
to the bread that is to be consecrated, 
and i^ afterward actually consecrated, 
partake of that blessing and sancii- ' 

The Popes, however, when interro- 
gated, positively deny purgatory, 
saying, that every one after this life, 
according to his actions io it, is to 
expect the day of- judgiment ; the 
good in pieasunt andaelYgntfui places 
with the good spirits ; and the wicked' 
in frightful and terrible habitations 
in company of the b»d. Foundings 
this their belief upon that passage of ^ 
scripture, Venite beiiedicti patris wiei, 
posridcte regnum copforum, b;c» el 
tte maledicti in t^nem tclernumi 
whence they pretend th<it there is no 
other judgment but that of the end 
of the world, it seeming to them in- 
congruous thnt this sentence should 
be pronounced against those who ar« 
already judged. 

Neither do they admit of the celi- 
bacy of the priests, but on the con- * 
trary, receive none into that office 
except married men, believing that 
the Romish priests are anathematized 
by the council heM at Gangra, in the 
fourth canon whereof it in said. Qui 
spernit sacerdotem secundum legem 
uxor em habentem, dicens quod non 
liceat de manibus ejus sucramentum 
sumere, anathema sil : and io another 
place, omnis sacerdos 6( diaconus pru' 
priam uxorem dimillens, sacerdott'B 
privetuTy thus holding marriage to 
be so essential to the priesthood, that 
a priest having buried hU wife can 
no longer exercise his sacerdotal 
functions. They refuse all councils, 
posterior to the seventh cBcutne^cal 
assembled under Pope Adrian,- ia 
which they affirm it to have been 
decreed, that ail thin<rs decided and 
resolved on in the preceding councils 
till that time, should remain firm and 
stable for ever : but that whosoever 
for the future should assemble any 
other council, or meet at it, should 
be anathema. Accordingly they ac- 
count all that has been decreed ia 
the church since that era to be here- 
tical and corrupt. The fathers they 
follow are:' St. Basil, St. Gregory 
Nazianzen, St. Chrysostome; they 
read also the morals of St. Gregory 
the Great, and having a high opi- 
nion of their sanctity, they bold io 
extraordinary veneration all ihePopes 


216 Religion of the Inhabitants of the Ukraine. [Mardb, 

anterior to the leveoth council. They 
commtioioate with leaveoed bread, 
and deem it ttrange that the Romiih 
priest§ should msuLe use of unleaToo- 
ed ; imitating the Jews in this, and 
yet not retaining either their Sab- 
Dalh or their rite of circumcision. 
Besides, they allege, that it is ex- 
pressly set down in the Gospel, that 
our Saviour at the Last Supper took 
bread, which cannot be taken for un- 
leavened bread, since the Jews ate 
not of that excepting at the passofer, 
and standing; whereas on the con- 
trary, our Lord at the institution of 
the Last Supper, sat down, or rather 
laid down with the apostles, recum^ 
bentibtis duodecimo S^c. and whence 
they conclude that he did not then 
keep the passover, but that it was 
some other repast. They invoke 
saints and angels, as is the practice in 
the Romish church, together with 
the mother of God and the apostles, 
whose] festivals they solemnize s and 
the Russians principally that of St. 
Nicholas of Myrea, whom they par- 
ticularly adore. 

Thej differ likewise from the Lar 
tins in this, that in the eucharist the 
people conimuriicale in both kinds, 
and that that sacrament is adminis- 
tered to children of three years old. 
They have their hoatias apart for 
the sick, which are consecrated in 
the Passion Week. 

In their numerous fasts, they ab- 
stain not only from flesh, but from 
butter, milk, cheese, eggs, and fish 
also: living solely upon cabbage, 
parsnips, mushrooms, and pulse. 
Some are so devout that they con- 
tent themselves with bread and wa- 
ter, excepting Saturdays and Sun- 
days ; for all this, however, they are 
often drunk in the Lents, not beliey- 
jng, any more than the Poles, that 
excessive drinking any way breaks 
their fast. They have four fasts in 
the year, the first answering to our 
Lent, and lusts seven weeks; the se- 
cond begins from the octave after 
Whitsuntide, and ends at the vigils of 
St. Peter and SL Paul; the third, 
from the first of August to the as- 
sumption of the Virgm; and the last 
is during the Advent, which begins 
fifteen dajs sooner than that of the 
Latin Ch urch. Thejf observe the like 
abstinence on Wednesdays and Fri- 
days. They with the rest of the 
4ireek chnrch acknowledged the pa- 

triarch of Constantinople till >tlM 
tzars of Russia thought fit to nomU 
nate the Archbishop of Mdsco, udm 
which nomiiialion he is contecraUi 
by two or three of his snSragana, 
The Bishops of Black Russia or Sou- 
thern Russia afterwards however iet 
up a church apart, and seane ih« 
progress of the divisions, made by 
Luther and Calvin in their respective 
countries, they determined in a sy- 
nod which they held for the snstain- 
in^ of themselves, to re-establish the 
union of their church with the Ro- 
man Catholick; and to this intent im 
the }ear 1595 they sent two depntiet 
to Rome, who in the name of the 
churches of Black Russia, preaented 
in writing a confession of faith con- 
formable to the belief of the conndl 
of Trent, after having stipulated that 
they should retain the ceremonies of 
the Greek church used when the 
union was adopted with the Latin et 
the Council of Florence, but thej 
are since fallen off*. 

Bloomsbury. W* T* 

*«* I hold myself obliged to Toor 
Correspondent who, at the top or the 
second col. p. 338 in your last Vo- 
lume, re<|uests me to explain some 
terms, which, though familiar to ne, 
may not be intelligible to the gene- 
rality of yoiir Readers. The remark 
is extremely just, and the request so 
reasonable, that I shall immediately 
comply with it in the best manner I 

Arbouien are the fruit known in 
England, I believe, under the name 
of water-melons, only growiofc to 
much greater perfection. 

A versi, is a distance equal to S500^ 
Bnglish feet. An English mile is one 
verst, 368 fathoms and about two 
yards ; 60 English miles are eqaal to 
a degree of latitude, as are 104 Ros- 
sian versfs. A mile is 1515 parts of 
a verst; two miles may be MimaCcd 
equal to three versts, omitting a small 

To make Quas. 

Take a quarter of a pound of Bar* 
ley malt, two or three handfnis of 
rye-malt, and just as much unbolted 
rye-flour; mix them well togelher in 
one or more earthen pans, poiir boil- 
ing water on the mixture, and stir it 
together, till it becomes a thin gruel» 
and the pans aref full to within a 
hand* breath. Stirring this> pour in 


WJ1«.] Ruisian ^w^p«.'-fi». R' B. NiekoU*. "fil7 

•bABt -» llt^""l> ^U^om' of brab.' it letlltt^U ibs hod* 4ra ralHtUH, 

nt ibitaB >« ■ fawUd otta, wbere^ tli« povr it wto k tab or cnk in 

£7#«pe nioWioe to«l» jfll reiii»«( wbk* ii prMiouily liU i dice irf 

iMkS'lbMe M»U dtMcrouMl Iho psiA: rje-braad; Without Crnil, u a1*a'*ii)<i« 

■dbalav the ««eii and teave tbe pui Mrigrof niMt «r balm, in •aromcr, 

'tiMra nmt md t*«nlj hoam then pttai in irihier, dried. After it 

-ttkaitben «utt )>our ia asain m> bai worked a liHle, pbt II Iatbecel< 

■Mgefr-'bbllltor water at III* -tbo papa lar. When it baa Well igbiidmr, ami 

nd itir it an well toge- bai aeqnirad a ^ood acid Bavoar, 

dune, pobr it into a bottle It off and cork it well, coto^ 

oa Iheboti'im whetvof, i^ each cork with a pieee «f UtUBr. 

beer-trewiD?, a layer when the liquor hat itood ja (hit 

iread, aOfl which either inamier a few dajt, it i< fit far nae, 

i one aide hai anpijiot aod on opepiDs the bottle, it will 

a'r tepid water thereon, i^arkte like Cbaifapaeiie wiM. '■, ■ 

Qii would have litU^ or ' ^ ' 

beTerage. Let it itand Mr. UakAa, LeteeHer, ref. It. 

i ibeg let U ont into IN falfilment of aprotMbe ittad* 

TflMdk La> i« ea<h fenel a imall M. to yon when laat in towdi 1 U^ 

■lice of-veane t'>e-br«ad, that it may proceed to .enlarge tfie accooat whtb|t 

ftnwBl, aiMl vUt the verted to the yon bate riTeo in rtt. LXXXIT. 

£&». Al<*e««WratiqBoirS4houra, i'- «4, of the late Very Hot. Ro. 

"SfS-;,.,. «t7nr drinking. bert Boncher Nitkotli, LL.B. Dean 

^ar..«ukine Ow. btrky-iDalt of Hiddleham, &c. fto> 

,aloH luar be imdt rye-malt being ' It 1« ranch to he regretted that 

MwRfur that pHrpoM olily in cuei nifficient material* for a nIgvUr bio- 

rfnSeMiij, jiaraefy, when the for- graphic memgir 'of the lamented de>- 

JBU i« too bad and hai nut (weetacM ceated do not appeiir to csiit( lUNBe, 

ebeogh. Bot the rye>i«eal cannot bad tbeyioexiited, thepublkk wotil^ 

fea omitted, f rum the abpte italed douhtlcii bate been faroorcd wHt 

ttlAotifieiol iBatlaod meal,, you gel «ich a inerabir from aH abler fm 

2b^ • or T eioier»,or two anlten than the one which now Veotnret to 

otCtiiai. In lummer the veiiel. are directthe atUntion of your Ueaden 

inniediBteU eot into tbe cellar ( but to the »hrine of departed wotth. - 

W cold winter weather, it (bould be It wuqW be inpoitlble to deiioeate- 

fell ttandins oue whole night in a a faithful character of the late Dean 

KMiB rooinr wilhuut occapjiug too large a por- 

. tion of your columns; indeed I ihall 

Preparattott of the Human Bevtrage, „<jt preiitmt to allempt, what 1 knew 

Jm«minated Kiitirtcai. [Pro- j am oltertj incapable of jier/enn- 

noenced Kiilitackee.} {^ , ,nd j .bgiE iherefore, in the pnf 

Take about <0 poundi of unboiled ■■.'ut Initance, tDlallj confine ni^lf 

rTC-menl afid Iwo handiful oi rye- to that point of view, whet^ia he-fttf- 

niftit'*; ihake thi> into a wooden niihed ui with 911 linking aa examtrlv 

tubt four on it waler not hotter of the union of the laCerdotal And 

■ ifita the hand CBD-beari itir il well, citizencharacter) — Hnunion which^in 

till it becutiici a thin ^ruel 1 cover hi> perion, wai of great adrantage 

the tub with ■ clolb, and let it «tand io both Church aad Sute, and proied 

ijaro buurf, to luaki then pour it into him to be an orthodox Divine, nhita 

m large ea'rthen pan or pot with a it Bbcwed him tu be a tuyal and a^ 

.eoiBT) put it for d or B houra into Ufe menjber of tbe commuiiity. 

k beated oven I ihii di'iie, tufn il oot When that Enemy to Mcietyantl 

fBlii a'Wuodcn veifcl, and pour opon mankind the French RcTolution b*- 

H, if il il' made in winter, fini hiit, ran to diiperie ib ipeciuui,bat baae- 

. Wd afterwardit ratber cold water t lul principlei,' the Dean wat atnoof 

l*'ninni«r howeter, onlj culd, id the foremott of Ihoie Iruly patriotie 

lUt the iofuied water anonnti to citizen* wbo railed their waraiag 

'^■vrii aHkert in quantity.' Now let vuieetinezporiDg lit dangerotii tflB- 

- *' -■■ i_ : — — , 

-; .f'SoeaaMakctblidriak from buckwheat and oati, and think it thm iwl 1*M 
•enwa mkagi>M»bla t» the palate. 
. G«». Ma«.«*reft, ISIS. tncj 


Character of the Rev. R. B. Niclollg. [Marc^ 

pel, and to prevent them from fall« 
ing into that labyrinth which had. 
been prepared for their reception bj 
the agents of Revolulionarv frenzy, 
and which could not have failed of' 
overwhelming. their ill-fated poiset- 
sors with misery and despair, had 
thej madly precipitated themielTei, 
into its tremendous gulf. 

The Deau*s labours in the aboTe 
respect were not in vain : he had 
the gratification of knowing that hit 
addresses and his writings cuntributedy 
in several instances, to arrest the 
progress of some who were prepar- 
ing to shake hands. ** with the abet- 
tors of French politics and the vindi- 
cators of French atheism V' and to 
recall others who had formed so dan- 
gerous an union, to a proper sense 
of their crvil and religious daties* 
Although his personal conferences 
possesNed much of the fortiter in re^ 
and stood much in need of the fiM- 
viter in modo^ yet his zeal for the 
success of the cause in which he htf^ 
embarked, and his manifest sincerity 
in his wishes for the welfare of thiMO 
whom he addressed^ supplied, iii a 
great measure, this defect, and in- 
duced thetn to listen to advice conn* 
municated in an earnest, though' on-, 
couth form, and of such a nature aa 
to furnish ample food for the reflec- 
tion of the sober hour, and to induce 
them to foriiake the inauspicious con- 
vov under which they either had 
sailed, or were preparing to enfibark; 
— to those who >et retained their 
scruples as to the propriety of a 
Monarchical Government^ he would 
apply the observation ef Tacitus ^ and. 
while he told them to remember the 
many blessings which they enjoyed 
under the hapuy Government of ^eir 
own country, be would remind them, 
in the words of that historian, 

deucy and ultimate object ; like The- 
roistoclefi, he preferred ** nipping the 
bud,tostemmmg the torrent;*' and, in 
the prosecution of his object, he 
enlisted all hi« natural and intellec- 
tual powers. Ill this Revolution, he 
read, not onlj a barefaced attempt 
upon social order and decorum, but 
a direct attack upon Christianity it- 
self. As a citizen, he repelled the first ; 
and as a pre«bjter, he defended the 
church against the second. The press 
teemed with the labours of his pen, 
while the pulpit echoed with the 
sound of his voice ; and when the 
monster d^red to erect its crest with 
additional boldness, like a faithful 
centinel, he grappled with it in its 
Yer> den, refuted the assertions of its 
friends on their own data, and en- 
deavoured to bring into public odium 
those principles, wiiich, while they 
spoke *' smooth things" to the face, 
were secretly aiming a fatal stab at 
the dearest privile<;es of our country, 
and the sacred institutions of our an- 
cestors. — Convinced that civil society 
was of divine appointment, and that 
ili various ramifications were neces- 
sary to its due preservation, the Dean 
manfully unmasked those flattering, 
deceptive insinuations which were 
thrown out h} deJi'gning men, and 
the object of which was, to render 
the lower classes of hi4 countrymen 
dissatisfied with that statiou in life 
which an All-wise Providence had as- 
signed them. 

** There must he wisdom and virtue in 
the hi^fher orders of the community," 
said the Dean at this eventful period, 
** to connect and preserve, to defend 
and direct the several parts of the- ma- 
chine of civil society ; while the patient 
labours and endeavours of the meanest 
are equally requisite, though suhscrvient, 
to the prosperity of nations ; the foun- 
dation of the nuhlest building, though 
laid deep and low, and composed of the 
coarsest niatf* rials, has yet the merit 
<>f sustaining the whole work, and is 
no less essential to it than the stateliest 
and most beautiful pillars *." 

Thus was it, that this firm friend to 
our hippy Constitution, endeavoured 
to direct the passions of his indir 
geat neighbours into a proper chan- 

" Reipublicse forma, laudare fadliui 
quam evenire ; et st evenit^ baud diu- 
tuma esse potest." 

When that memorable question of 
the Abolition of the Slave Trade wai 
brought under the consideration of 
a British Legislature, and before the 
view of a British publick — when the 
towering eloquence of a Pitt ntp* 

* See " The Duty of stipporting and defending our Country and Constitutionf 
a Diso<)ur=e preached in the Collegiate Church of Middleharo, Febniaiy 10tli» 
1793, on the prospect of a War." 

f See his *' Essay on the Frinciples of French CIviimy*' jpubliihed in 17^. 



Chkracitr of the Ueo. R. B. Nickolls. 

Juried the perfloasiTe einqoente of a 
WsitftVftroRcB ia tbit great cause of 
hailiKqitj and justice — the Dean waft 
tiot'idle. — The abolition of the above 
traffic had been an evest which he 
had fondly cherished the hope of wit- 
^ess'tng, e^fer since his per!)onal obser- 
^ration, jtvhen abroad *, of the in^u* 
^aiiUj of Guinea captains and (^ene- 
ralij speaking) the aTaricious tern* 
perament of West India planters, 
tiad convinced him of the unhappy 
«tate in which the African negroes 
were place^ -f ; — torn frequently when 
adults from their native soil, to serve 
the private purposes of others — ob** 
li^cd to be fellow- laboHrers with those 
who had been accustomed to the oc- 
cupation fronpi earliest infancy — he 
commiserated the^e wretched crea- 
tures, who were impelled, contrary to 
nature, to follow an employment to 
which thay felt no attachment, to the 
4iie performance of which Oo moral or 
•ocial ties urged them, and in which 
their instructors were the Creoles* 
and tbeir incitement to labour the 
fear of chastisement. As a freeman 
of a Nation professing to rank the 
highest in the scale of nations, as the 
tiifporler of freedom, and the friend 
r^t humanity; the Dean felt it his 
doCy to protest against the continu- 
ance of a traffic, which was a stranger 
to the name of the one, and a daily 
Tiolartor of the laws of the other ; 
and as a presbyter of the Christian 
church, he felt himself no less impe- 
riously called upon to raise his voice 
against a system at direct variance 
'With the fundamental doctrines which 
•he preached — J<ictrine8 which tau';ht 
wen to ** l«»ve one another," and 
which told them, that '* all things 
whatsoever we would that men should 
do unto U.4, we should do even so to 


them." — Alike imraoved-at the re- 
proach of being a religious entho- 
ajast, which was cast upon hjm on 
the one baud, and (he charge of ia- 
consisteacy as a favourer of revolu- 
tionary principles, which was alleged 
against him on the other, the Deim 
steadily pursued his object f telling 
the one party, that if a fellow- feelin|^ 
for the sufferings of fellow-creaturet, 
and a desihe of alleviating iho^e suf- 
ferings., could be called religious en- 
thus asm, be acknowledged himself 
as labouring under (hat disorder j:; 
and the other, tn9t if thp desire of 
civilizing a nation rendeped unprin- 
cipled and barbarous by iu^estine com- 
motions, occasioned by i^sistance to 
illegal captures, savoured of revo- 
lutionary principles, be was proud 
in entertaining them. The endea- 
vours of the Dean to bring the West 
India Planters to a sense of their tru\e 
interests, were tantamount 'to (hose 
which he use4'to impede the progresf 
of Infidelity and disaffection. Nu- 
merous, were the journeys which he 
took (o forward this great ciiu8e>of 
national justice and retribution; and 
the value of his services may be col- 
lected from the public vote of (hankn 
with which he was honoured, from the 
Society that was formed to assist in 
accomplishing the great object, which 
Mr. Wilberforce and his parliamen- 
tary as<iocta^es had in view ^.. The 
publications on this subject which 
owed their ap|)earance to his prolific 
pen, were numerous ( and it is greatly 
to be regrette>{, that our lamented 
friend never kept an accurate ac- 
count of the pamphletj and inciden- 
tal tracts, which on this, as on other 
great questions, he gave to (he world. 
Happily he lived to see the fruits of 
his labours in the Abolition of this 

* The Dean was a native of the West Indies. 

•f* The above is the substance of ^bat he opce mentioned to me in conversation; 
'probal>ly, however, the Dean entertained by far too harsh an opinion of the Gui- 
nea M^'rchants and West India Planters : it is well known that many of the latter 
were men of the most correct notions and humane habits ; and with regard to 
the former, canduur compels us to hope that amongst them, there were many, 
wbose employ ineiit had not so steeled the heart as to render it impervious to the 
calls of humanity ! 

X As his reply to the above cavil, I could fancy our laipented friend adopting 
the celebrated sentiment of the Roman Comedian — " Homo sum, et humani nihil 
li me alien um piito" — a sentiment, which is said to have been received with reiter- 
srtett plaudits by a Roman audience, and which has been handed d^>wn to succeed- 
ing ages, as one, " which speaks with such elegance and simplicity, the Ian* 
guage ef nature, and supports the native independence of man." 

§ I believe the ever«fo-be-remembered Granville Sharp presided when tha 
above vote was passed, 


«20 Character of the Reb. R. B. NickiDlI«. [Bfwobt 

detested Traffic — an abolition » pro- at a question of the utmost cona^ 

duced, not by the blaze uf eloquence, queiice, and as one, upon the deciaioii 

or the trick of deilamatioD i but of which depended, either the maiiH 

by solid, well -founded conviction, tenance or the downfall of oar civil 

wrought on the minds of our Le<fisla- and religious privileges. With everj 

tors by a slow, yet sure progress, and respect for the Church of Rome M 1^ 

which terminated, as it was certaiu true hianch of the Catholic Charcby 

of doing, ill their ** breaking the he did not hesitate to expose thote 

bonds" of Afric slavery, Mud ** throw- corruptions which in the latter pe« 

iug away from their native country riods of Ecclesiastical History bad 

the stigma with which «he had so crept into her pale, and roblied iMr 

Jong been branded." of that purity which he belicTed tlU 

When the Roman Catholics peti- Church of England to have retaioed. 

tioned our LegiNlators for what was While he detested the modern Pope, 

called Catholic Kmancipation*-whcn be venerated the ancient Bishop of 

they boldly asked for an unqualified Rome; and his opposition to th« 

repeal of those laws which have been claims of the Roman Catholics arost 

Justly denominated ** the bulwarks from his dread of the operation of 

of our Constitution** — the Dean was those principles which teach Ihem to 

found at bis post. Convinced that a persecute and domineer, instead of to 

compliance with the -above request cooTince and unite *• 

would be equivalent to an extinction In that memorable year (18lt) 

of the Protestant ascendancy in this when this country, was placed io so 

country, he considered himself called awful and novel a sitoaiioa, whea 

upon, a*i a presbyter aud a citizen, to the mighty legions of France wero 

stand in the breach, on behalf of the preparing to enter the austere dima 

Protestant Church and Stale to which of Russia, and) by a conquest of her 

be belonged; and, with all his ability, vast domains, to pave the way for 

to protect them from the inliiction a general subjugation of Barope, 

of so mortal a wound, as an unre- then was it that the Dean so grcuitlj 

stricted concession of Roman Ca- distinguished himseif in bis exertioot 

tholic claims could not have failed against the claims of the Romao Car 

of giving them. Perba^is no one, in tnolics;-«-though<lar beyond the i 

an historical point of view, was ridiaii of lite, and sinking^ fast into 

more competent to argue this great the " vale uf years,'* yet the urgancj 

national question than the Dean was; of the occasion, and the pe«'oliarJj 

and although it is to be lamented threatening aspect of public aflairiy 

that bis zeal sometimes exceeded his aroused his yet active spirit, and ia* 

prudence, pending the discussion, 3 et duced him once nsore to eater tbo 

his firmness iu resisting what he '* tented field*' on behalf of all tiiat 

thought to be wrong, and his equal he held dear and sacred up<in eartb— 

firmness iu supptrtii^g what he con- the civil and ecclesiastical constitutiaa 

ceived to be right, was deserving of of his country I Bis time, at thia 

universal admiration. Believing that moment, was entirely devoted t(» Iha 

the Roman Cath< lie Question had service of this sacred cause, and bir la* 

never bem sufliciently considered by hours to produce a general considera- 

many f^ho bed the Protektant cause tion of ihe subject amongst his Protea- 

Ihoroughly at heart, he endeavour- tant countrymen, and to arouse tbem 

cd to excite their attention to it, from that fatal lethargy into which 


* It is unfortunate fpr the discussion of the Roman Catholic Claims, tbat^ 
unless great eare be taken, tlie party opposing tbem is very frequently betrayed 
into the u»e of expressions, which are calculated to wound the feelings of nuist 
honourable and respectable cliaracters. Jt ^ould be absurd to deny that amongst 
the Koma'n Catholics, there is everything good, great, and noble; and this ia 
most sincerely to be regretted, ^hen it is considered, that those who are other* 
ifvi^e every way calculated to he the ornaments and pride of their native country, 
are neces>aril> exclu;ie(^ by the fundamental laws of that country, froin directing 
lier atfaiis, or assisting at her Legislative Councils. It would give me great pain« 
if, in the ^fiieral observations which I have above made, 1 should hurt the feelings 
of any member of the Koman Catholic Rody ; but it would have^given me far 
greater pain, if, to avoid hurting .those feelings, 1 bad hoodwinked the consider* 
at ion of a great uational question. 


1 8 1 e\XopographicalAccount of Wbitt;lesford, ^^.Cambridge. «8 

iiltcriptioa are ^one. At the corners 
of the East end are left two round 
pieces of brass adorned, I think, with 
a dragon, or some such inonstejr. 
There has foriperly been a door on . 
the North side of the nave, but now 
blocked up. Below the blue slab. 
ju«t mentioned, is a white slab, but 
the inscription is nearly obliterated. 

In a pew on the South side, stands 
the foot, which is square, and siip« 
ported b J five rognd pillars ; the in«. 
side is round, lined with lead, and has 
a bole at the bottom to let off the 
water s there is a plain oak cover to 

On blue slabs : 

** To the memory of Mrs. Lncy West- 
1^ «. She died April Si, 1737> in the 
52d vear of her age." 

« Here lietb the body of William 
Westley, of Cambridge, Grocer, who de- 
parted'tbis life August 13, 1723, in the 
38tb year of his age." 

Against the North wall, on a neat 
monument of white marble, adorned 
with fruit and cherubs' heads: 

Arms. Arg. a cross couped Sab. at" 
each end an annulet of the last, ff^eit" 
Uy. Impaling, Gules, a fesse between 
two chevrons Vaire. 

** Near this place lies the body of Wil- 
liam Westley, of Cambridge, Grocer. He 
was the youiiger son of Robert Westley, 
of Wittlesford, Gent, by Elizabeth, his 
wife. He married Lucy, the eldest 
daughter of Michael Biddulph of Poles- 
worth \\\ Warwinkshire, Esq. by whom 
be had issue Robert, Elizabeth, Richard, 
William, Lucy, Biddulph, William, Wil- 
liam, who all died in their infancy, and 
lie buried near their father. He was in 
bis life-time an encourager of the Cha- 
rity-Schoqis in Cambridge j and, setting 
tbe good effects of that most excellent 
ebarity, he generously left his two farms 
in Hempsted, in Essex, for the found- 
ing a Charity-School in Wittlesford, 
tbe place of his birth, and the seat of big 
family, out of a pious design, to have the 
f^bildren of the poor educated in the fear 
of God, and instructed in tbe principles 
0f the Christian R«iigion, that they 
fliight become faithful servants of God, 
and sincere members ef his holy church. 
He departed this life the 1 3th day of 
Jnljf- In the 38th year of his age, annoq; 
pMiiHi 1723. 

*' This moaoment was erected at tbe 
charge of bis widow, the better to pre- 
serve the memory of her deceased bus* 
band, and of this excellent cluuity, and- 
to set thee an example^ Reader^ to |^ 
ahd do likewise.'* 

On an eKutcheon fixed agaiatt th« 
East wail of the navet » 

Arms. Argent, a eroxl, couped, 8«fale^ 
between four Annulets of the last %^ 
WestUy: iaipalingy Or« five baitaMillit 
over aU a bend Gules. 

- The readinff desk aod pulpl^flafi^ 
at the East end of the nave ; tne fattd^* 
is octangular and coTcred wit^ MadiE 

Oaalar^l^lue slal^^' ^ ;" 
The arms of Westley, ifipptl«q^s 
cbevro6« between S goats hoadi&i 

« Here lieth Interred cba \^^<M 

Robert Weatley, of this parisht. f«<m'ti4us 

departed this life^ October %.^79l/'Ui(. 
tbe Sdtbyearofbisage,''. .■ t; ^. \ 

The nave is separated 4VbMh *tM 
tower by a pointed ardi, oo eaA 
side of which are tbe Ten -CinBmMI-' 
ments. The steeple, whfdh «tfL^ 
between the nave and chiiife(ir»*'|l9' 
parted from the aile by a low a^cb' 
similar to those in the o4V<^« and 
from the chancel by a bij^b pointed' 
arch ; on the North side are two win^ 
dows, and in the North-easI coihier if 
a winding-staircase which leads to tbi 
bells ; the upper part of the tiHrj^ if 
lighted by four windows, each one 
divided by two mullions into tbV 
cinquefoi I- headed lights. Op the 
side of the tower, there are '^wa 
shields, the first eontaihs theaiini^'dr 
Scales: [Gu.] Six escaftopv^ ^N^ce, . 
two, and one, [Arg.] Thp arms oa. 
the second shield I cannot dtsceiii* 

The chancel, which is emba|t1ed, if 
lighted by two windows to tt^ If ortb* 
divided into two lights; the Eut 
window consists of- three ctnqaefbilr 
headed lights, and the wlpdow du the- 
South, of three long lights and siij! 
upper ones formed by Ae omaraen-'' 
tai part of the stone division; beloW' 
the last mentioned #indo'w aH^ ibree 
stalls in the wall neatly car^^, and 
a piscina near them ; the ascent to the 
altar is by two steps. 

April S6, 1737. Lucy Westley of tbe parish of SaflFron WaldeOj relict of Wi|- 

Hiiii Wallqr was buried." Par. Reg. 

.^•iW^th Ifltb, Mr. WlUiam Westie/ was then buried ito wooUen.'' Ibid. 


L. ••' 


224 TopographtcalAccountqf WhhtlesfordyCo.C^mhridge* [Marcbf 

On blue slabs : On flat stones at the Bait emd of 

"Here lieth the bodies of Themas the aile: 

Ventris of this parish, gent. ; and of «« Here lieth the body of tlioaM 

Bri(i(ret, his wife, who died April the 8rh Banks, who died the 3Ist of July in tht 

1636, and the said Thomas died Febru- year 1735, a^ed 63 years." 

aiy the 1.9th 1636." " Here lieth the body of TboniMi aon 

Arras. [Arjr.lonafesse [Gu.l be- ^^ J^l^Z'^'lt^^'^^ ?S2'''' ^!f? *«* 

tween two bars wav? FSil tnree Ju»y tb^- 3d, 1735, agwl 22 years/'. 

tween /'^J* »»" ^fV t?.*-J -*"'®? " Here lieth the b(Kiy of Mara Baok/h 

crescents [Or.] Dod; "npal.n?, [Az.] ^^^^ ^-^^ September the 20th, 1741. agc4 

a dolphm oetween two beodlets wav- 63 ye;»r8.** --» »-• 

cd, [Arp.] Feutris. «. Htre lieth the body of Jane Prime, 

" Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Martha died April 29, 1738, aged 63 yearg,? . 

Dod, tvife of Thomas Dod of this parish, Qnc slab robbed of its hraML 

esq. who dyed 25th of June I66I, and ^he first Regisler Jof Whittletforf 

anDO«tat.48. begins thus: 

On a monument of black marble ., ^he Register booke of Witletford, 

adorned wilh roses &c. asamst the contayning the names of thote who have 

East wmdow of the chancel : b,^n christened, marved and buryed from 

Arms. [Arg.] on a fesse [Gu.] be- the first yeare of on r Maje^tis most haw- 

tween 2 bars wavy [Sa.] 3 crescents pie raigne, anno domini 1559 until thro- 

[Or.] Dod: impaling: [Arc] on a chev. p»sent use contynuing." 

[Gu.] betw. 3 goats* heads erased [Az.] 15^0. Mrs. Howe, the wife of Mr. 

attired and coW>ared [Or.] as many lo- Howe, was buried the 29th of April, 

aenges fof the first], on- a chief a lion 1553. Johannes S^attorke baptixa. 

pass. gard. [of the fourth.] ^ug fui^ d„j„i ^j, obstetrice aliUq. moli. 

" *• "*• erih. ximo die Julii. 

., . -^. T^^J The bottom of every pas'e from 

Manas Thoma Dod generosi uxons ; ^^^3 ^^ ^^^^ j^ ^^^^ ,. ,^/, ^ 

pauperibus nunquam non benignsB, „ Concordat cum orisinale, Teaior 

amicis amicssim©, Bonifacius Watts, Robert Symong.X: hit 

r.uM ."""^i? ^T^^' '^ n • ,«oo mark, Jhon Nelsons X hU mark." 

Obijt 27™*> die Julij anna IJom. 1699. ' 

Vivit post fwiera Virtus." f The following memxyraiidum if l^* 

The Aile is lighted by one window lered in 1625: 

to the West, con«»isting of two parts I " Cantebr. 

on the South by three windows, di- « Concerning the lands called Cf- 
vided into three lights at the boitam, prions lands giuen to the towueof Wit- 
and six at the top. The mullions of tlesford we doe thinke it fitte that tbtf 
the lowest window on the South side P'fitts coming of these lands shall not 
have been broken off, and t wo wooden hereafter be imployed towards the pay- 
ones p'aced in ihcir slead. This win- «nent of the taske nor any of the kinepi 
dow 1. sGuare-headed, and has for- ^""«S«. .^ut for the com on towne 
^ .... charges where most neede shall be«. And 

. . Esqi. _- 

'waited up. There hn«. been a piscina Mat»es Justices o{ the peace for this coan-r 

in the Soulh wall, which is much out tie to whom thi-? matter was ref^rredby 

of repair, and is snpported on the my lorde cheife Justice; And to the end 

South side by a brick buttress. that there might be from henceforth a 

■ ■ ' 

^ I have put the colours in brackets, because they are not marked on the atone* 
f <* Mrs. Mary l)o>l was buried July 29th, 1690, according to the Act for bury- 
ing in Woollen.** Parish Register. 

X " Tlie earliest public itijunctions for keeping parochial registers were made 
in 1538 hy tiie direction of Lord Cromwell, then Vicar-general (t^ho probably took 
the hint from wh^it he had seen when in Italy, where a similar order had been made 
a few years earlier.) The«e injunctions were in 1547 confirmed by Edwafld VI* 
with a |)enalty on the ministers for neglect. By a canon of 160&»' registers are 
directed to be made up from < the law's first taking place \* aud more particularly 
10 from the first year of Queen Elizabeth." 

Nichols's Lieicestersbire. vol. II. Part I. p. SO. in the notes. 


1816.] Topographical AccountofWhittUsioi^i co^: CiEUnbridge. 225 

ftnanqaielfbetweene tKe saidf Inhabi- 
tants, we think it itting and it is o' order 
that tbl» order and agreement be enter- 
ed into the Cfanireh booke and the towvie 
booke. And in them botbe by. all the 
pTaent ifeoffees and other the Cheife In- 
babitaats subscribed under every one 
of their hands. Dated this \ffi> of June 
leHb. Leonard Swan, &c." 

Joh»*S#«n signs minister 1647. [see 
Sawston, vol. LXXXV. n. p. 226.] 

1647. William Gillam the chuirch 
derka, iraried S5 December. 

164^^ (Old Sarah (a servant at the 
tordatttpj boried Sept' 7> 

Ita testor John Swan. 

1652^ Thomas Swan, the Sonne of 
John'^akf. j^ioiftter, and of Frances his 
wife, wfts ^ ^ptiafed tke 17th day of 
Hatch,, and boroe'the third dayofthe 
tame, JMtw^ one and two in. the after- 
noon. . •' "^ "^ 

4655. Mr. Jasper Brimsm«a4e (an 
ancient gfi^lejfiQ^ was bucied on the 
l^t day iftjF'ebrdary. 
. ' 1 657.' ' riie^ ineus, i nfans, si mul oritur 
et'tnorftur,** qxtfrito die Aprilis, die se- 
quenti terroB traditur.— Henry Farrow 
fteljflief of &ie liiiVidred) was buried the 
fifteenth dsfy'of J arinify. ^Robert Baron 
o^ fiafroh WaWbh, In the county of Es- 
»ei,^^g^ Jihd Martha Dod, daughter 
of Tftotiiafc Dod,' of Witlesford, in the 
county ^f Cambridge, gent, were mar- 
ried on the nineteenth day of January. 

1658. Otewell Brignell (a chief con- 
stable of the hundred) was buried the 
ninth day of Aprill.— Frances Westley, 
the daughter of Mr. Robert Westley, and 
of Jane bis wife, was borne on the 29th 
day of Aprill earely in the morning, and 
baptized on the 6tb day of May next 
after.— George Fisher (the church clerke) 
was burled on the 21st day of May.— 
Mistris Anne Fleetwood (who died at 
soodman Frenches) was buried Sep- 
tember the 25th. — Jane Crosfield (who 
died in the Guild Hall) was buried on 
tJie first day of October. 

1659. John Swan ceases to sign in 
1659, and begins again in 1662. 

1662. Edward Colt (the parish clerke) 
was buried the 12th day of February. 

1670. John Swan ceases in 1670. 

It was the fashion in 1694 and 
the following years to get married 
in a CoHe^e chapel. 

** Mr. Thomas Dod and Mrs. Jane 
Turner were marryed in London in Char- 
ter-house Cha^ell, June the 25th, 1695. 

•* Mr. Roger GilUngham' and Mrs. Ann 
Wigmo]*; both of this parish, were mar-' 
ried in the parish church of Wittlesford, 

Feb; 1». A. D. K706. 

" By Sa. Townsend." 
' Gewt. MaA. March, 1«16. 

No particular meinoraodum occori « 

except tbiB collection of small ibfoi 

on brjefs between 1707 and 17 tS,' tor 

churches, losses by fire» &c. ^|ie 

collections on »a average .were from 

one to two shillings. 

U the years nST and 17S8, Mr. 

Torriaao of Jesus College* apd Mr. 

AUis of St. John's College, appear ffk 

officiating ministers, Rmon^ the mar> 


The second Register, which begint 
May 18, 1746, contains Baptisms to 
Dec. 1, 1805; Marriages to 17114$ 
and Burials to 1774, and also in tlii 
year 1805. 

Viuisters* Names : . 

1. Ralph Biakeston, A. M.-^'^'He 
was born in the Bishoprick of Durbu^ 
bad been viear. successively of GildaOt 
Morden and WhittlesforU, in this coii^ntyi 
sometime before the Rebellion 1 be \£k 
also the rectory of firomttedk inr Nor^ 
folk, but whether be was seqnes^ratm 
from thence, 1 am not informed ; it is 
certain he lost his fellowship April 8$ 
1644, and Was restored in 16^4, tii wMcli 
year also, he became Kctor of 'Rytoff in 
his native county, to which' he was pre* 
sented by Dr. Cosin." Cartel's Cam* 
bridge, p. 323. 

2. Robert Clark»on,B.D.—^' He was 
born in Northumberiand 16099 h?' be^ 
came vicar of Whittlesford in tbis^ioiinr 
ty. Whether be lost tbs^t or not >n tfaui 
confusions, I cannot say; but. this if 
sure, that in 1644 he was turned «ut of. 
his fellowship, and survived not the Rex 
storation." Ibid. pp. te, 2^. / . , ' 

3. John Lucas, Sen/ 1715.'— ^Jesuij 
coll. Camb. A. \\. 1705. A. M: 170^." ' ,; 

4. James Jefferys, 1722. " ' 
5 Dickenson; 1730. ' ^ **. 

6. Richard Oikeley, l741.-^Jesas ceUt 
Camb. A. B. 1731. A.M. 1735. - ^ •< ■ 

7. Frederick Keleer, 1746.— Emaf 
nuel coll A. B. 1714. A. M. 1718. 7 

8. Benjamin Hichardson, 1748."^^ 
suscoll. A. B. 1733. A.M. 1737. ,i 

9. Benjamin Newton,. 1752.— *«'e8Uf 

coll. A. B. 1 7^3. A. M. . 1 747 . 
10 Milner, Jesus coU. 

11. Samuel Birdmore, Jesus colT^ 
A. B. 1759. A. M. 1765. 

12. Francis Henson, Sidney coll. 
i77 1. — Rectdr of Kilvington (a' college 
living) in Yorkshire. Sidney coll. A. B. ^ 
1759. A.M. 1762. S.T.B. 1769. 

1 3. • Edward Wahby, Benet coll. 1776. 
— A.B. 1775. A.M. 1776. 

• 14. Claud. Martyn, Sidney coll. 1778. 
—A.B. 1772. A.M. 1775. 

15. W«. 

S2€ On the preient Mode gf ^mmidf HitttMmk nttmkc' 

15. Wm. Tiylor, Benrt coll. 1781.— "^ 

/.B. irrr. a.m. neo. 

' IS.' Pfair. Dbaflu, Bum coll. ITtS. 
— A.B.I-T8I. A.-M1 1784, pmtcM Mm- 
ter of Benei eoU;' 

17. Gm. BarimvChriiteiiH. I7S6.~ 
A.B. 17BS. 
.18. Aadrawr«Mi«f.St.ReUr'iiK>ll. ' 

Md liuU SbUwd. Cwabr. UO&^A.B. 
17T3. .. ' 

19.. J(Ad Br««k«,. JciiMi<!all.lM7. 
—.A. a 1795. A.lit IT99> EreHntyi< 
*»r, and Vicu.of EWtead id Emr^ 
. HeT. J«aiM. Smbk. A.1I. Swiw 
Eellov of CUrcflUUi h tha pnitat 

Edward Qodfrf j, PariA Cl«rk. 

Marriagei, from ISQD to ISIB, io- 
cluiiteiti. BijtIniDd Baplitnu,lll 
nala, U]8fBni||lM< Bwuli, AS malc^ 
UfeiulM. iBcrauallS, 

It BppMnbf Ike ratnnu nmde iw- 
dartbeAclAf Parlionnt for Hcvr- 
tsiain^ Ihe popnlalion of tbii \m%- 
(|om IB 1801, ttiAt'tbere vere OS 
HoOMi in tbi) tIIU^ qf which tvo 
«•!« Duinhabited t 100 familiei, COB- 
riitiog of 41.0Mn«iii. Id 1811 then 
««re 63 inhaoilcd baBHa, ud one 
qninhabited, a<i4 (OS famiiieh .cut- 
rittiog oflMpenoflfc 


Mr- tJmMK, I'eh. U. 

IN Ibi». afe of bootniakbf awl 
■catliDg. 1 am in^niHtiva oa all 
■ibjeel* of a literarj sattira, from a 
conmleMtioD tbat not odIv tbe fn- 
•out gen^nlioiu bat ilpi U|st wfiidi 
ii ritia^in qoiu wrMaioB vpui a*. 
dflrifc lu a great. dcgrM from tbii 
■onrce Ui«lr .tOne of p^i«te thuucbt 
aod rMaDt)iq{..nhidi ci*e in thcJr 
tnnt to tb« D>iBd'i(f fonnudcoia- 
plesioQ, imtb v^j liWie eiccptwo, 
among aln«t tU raakv tho nnwie 
•«z in pailicnlar am deioteA to A* 
lighter literary pBodncligBi cf the 
timn, of which . Ihqr ^*J ^ TWT 
}mI; itjled Ihe patraBMM*. if-wo 
fiait lbedrBviDg-rooin:octha.Mj of 
any ranh, down lo tba aPVtPMt of 
the Tariou indiiidual* wJ^o.eovpOM 
her domeitic at^Hilbment) Iheit fa- 
ble will exhibit t^ie Ki>,Tel>% Pampfa* 
let, or lome fufaioBlkMe Magnnae, 
in order to fill flj^ or. ;atpat maj be 
Vore properlj «atd, t« ^rew my 
.tbeir tioie upoa. T«t for mer fff theie 
publicaUooa baTiW • dMrutei: nl> 
ready too well dadired, we caa oalj 
' raflcct wilb regret an the mart larl- 

1^ » 

lAte.y On the present Mode off)smate Education. 


TrtmUtHift of Germaii' mi>raIHT» 
which I have made frdm a iato Won:, 
the ceMirated Mada&ie de SUSI'f 
*< Qeimiatty.** This Lady infenm ns, 
thaHi *■ b Qermaoyi Lote is a Reii* 
fioiHtt^<1MnahtteRdmoD, which loo 
easi^'M^rateli evef jT Ihhig thai aenii- 
hm^ H^WVdig to excofttf i \t miHI he 
ato^Md^" Ihtfl the facility of roakior 
di¥<me«2'Hf toiae of the tkroVince^ 
catlt'A^'itaiit'otf Ih^ sanctity oTmar* 
riaM' It i* there that they chaacie 
tfam pafftoef t iHlh as little anxielj 
a» if they ^fititt eiiipioyed hi arraa^- 
ia|^ the lifcideDU of a Drama. It is 
hopotiilile to deny thai the wonien 
have iaifhed bf taking soch a pari 
k iftimoMdHy» as to hate destroyed 
their lejj^imate and true empire ♦." 
The ^ftinale Mind, Sir, of our' day; 
aiMl 'of eitr own soil, is possessed 
of an wtelKmce and kno^edsd 
which their NHK«Dcestors would 
hate thooght U impossible for it'lo 
attidn. Wduldl could say, that they 
are ^natly "'distingotshed by the 
ciarta» <iif^Dnocence; and the practice 
of those virtues thai tfrc their richest 
omMAent. Toaccbuntto some meia- 
•Ofe wbf it is not')i6, let us pry iiflo 
the mysleriito of modern 1 dncation, 
that 'Hi which* our daughters of Bri- 
tfti», in the eietaled rank of fashion 
•ad fortune, are imtiatedby a number 
of professors engaged for that pur- 
ipose* Such it the altainmetit of our 
modem pupils in the complete science 
of Itufick, that we may listen With 
delight to the most mehing strains, 
or the brilliant rapidity, Of a perfohn- 
flateon the piano-forte, dr the harp ; 
bUty to acquire this slate of perfcc^ 
ttotf, four hours daily of their exist- 
-ooee is deToied, or rather sacrifieed. 
Ohr mother-tongue, with all its copi- 
ousness, eoerg;y, and feeling, is under 
sentence of hanishmeut from domes- 
tic intercourse, and is- ungratefully 
attppldnted by the use of etery means 
to tofce- an acquirement in its place 
of a correct Idtora and easy ftow of 
foifeigB language. If we -admire an 
artificial creation, w© may linger 
with -aytouishment oTer that raised 
into ftincted existence by the faithful 
^rttatture, or the glowing tints of 
the pencil, and the no less successful 
imitatioB of the Indian japau. Are 
we susceptible of the magic power 
of the dance ? we may behold with 
breathless^orprise the lovely British 

: ♦Vol.J. p. 8«. '^ 

maid, the svmmetry of whose form 
may Tie with the matchless chisel o< 
Phidias himself loosely atlired in 
the demi-Dudily of the Grecian coi-^. 
tume, exhibiting her person as a 
figurante in the artful steps of opera- 
deal mazes and Jumpmgs i bot there 
is one figure, naturalised h^ these 
liberal times, which I consider w$Ui 
greater gbsenratioh^than any qt iu 
competitors, th0 ft^lUcn I am not 
so faslMious as to. assert that this 
danOs IS without ifi oiirgHs, or that 
it may not be admitied between chll 
dren or yonn^ ladies, with their niaie 
relatidnVi but 1 am of opinion thai 
an elegant susceptible yotliig female, 
In the tdfnish undress of the bdl* 
room, who associates h^t person iHth 
a man of free or'libertine habits and 
designs, may be considered to have 
already made a step towards at least 
laefsfa/ seduction. . From ^be preju- 
dices which fashion never fails to^b* 
tain in its qWn soppbrt, f havO little 
doubt that some sarcastic looks wHl 
be directed agamst mt opmions, witii 
accusations of fahe delicacy, fastidi- 
onsnete; but' I am proof against the 
attacks of popular imnioranly^ eVeo 
when shaded undCV the veil of ele- 
gance and education. Being well 
aware, ^ir, that corruptioil neter 
ascends from the lower to the highjbr 
circles, we rnQst correct the Cvil^t 
the source i it is to the elevated ranks 
that We ought to look for exSiPplesi 
the greater the height from whidi 
they descend, the deeper and mor^ 
lasting i^ the impresiion they make* 
The corruption of the meaner citia^to 
is more easily repressed, from being 
more obscure in its progress and coh- 
sequences. That something is wrong, 
too many proofs of female error (ra- 
ther let me give it its more appro* 
priate name, crime) annfouiices to us. 
We will admit that a British Lady, 
adorned with the exterior and- bril- 
liaot decorations of modern educa-^ 
lion, and embeilished with some pre- ^ 
tensions' to literarv endowments, lii 
the most accomplished, and most fas- 
cinating of women: ihe must be beheld 
with admiration. But let us exaniihe 
with an anxious obtorvation, with 
what powers that education strength- 
ens her to support the dignified and 
important characters she hopes irhe 
is destined to be called upon one daj 
to fulfil. How far, as a wife, will it 
enable her to maintain her conjugal 


528 Female Education. — Amusemimts of May Fair. \Mwfhi 

that case, I flatter myfelf that foiaev 
female eye may glance nut UDprO". 
fitably upon them, which will eo- 
courage me to corarauoicate fontheri 
observations. S« H^ i 

fidelity towards the man who com- 
mits to her faith the attributes that 
form \\\% earthly happiness, his ho- 
nour, fortune, rank, and name? How 
far has her education endowed her 
with the ability of esfercising towards 
his oft'spring the performance of ma- 
ternal cares and duties? Alas ! it has 
been proved, and it is a solemn and 
lamentable truth, that the bosom of 
an affectionate husband, the natural 
repository of the virtua and honour 
of his wife, ceases from being their 
sanctuary; even thither the destroyer 
pursues his prey, and snatches from 
thence hi^ unhappily Dot unwilling 
victim. From events like these we 
must necessarily conclude, that the 
real purposes of education are de- 
feated, if it do not correct the evil 
tendencies of the disposition, and 
purify the passions of those gross 
dregs that disturb and impel the move- 
ments of the heart. If it fail to keep 
in subjection the ultimately fatal ir- 
regularities, we may infer, that the 
ground-work of the present so much 
vaunted plan of our British female 
education is laid in error. Restraints 
and self-government over unruly ten- 
dencies make the pride, because they 
are the victories, of the sex. Modes- 
ty and reserve are the out- work and 
guardian of their happiness. Sir, let 
the fair sex be taught that their bo- 
soms are the mansions wherein, io 
this world, the virtues delight to 
dwell; that, being driven from thence, 
tbeir sanctuary, they will forsake the 
earth, and follow Astrea to a better 

The deportment becomiag the fe- 
male sex is easy to maintain, and 
gracious in its appearance, being the 
offspring of a certainty that its influ- 
ence gives the ion to the manners 
and morals of society. Let, above 
all others, the British fair keep it 
always in recollection, that if Women 
do not by volatile indiscretions^ de- 
part from the chaste decorums that 
« ought ever to surround them, Men 
will not, unless they are depraved in- 
deed, forget those decencies and the 
respect which the female presence 
ought always, and never fails to 

Such are the opinions upon which 
I have employed my pen. Should 
you think them adapted to the pre- 
sent times, and to your Miscellaneous 
Work, they are at yoi^r service. In 

Mr. Urban, ifsir«ft #* 

FIFTY Years have passed -«way.- 
since 4hifl place of amuaeiaeot 
was at its height of attraetton: tlM> 
spot where the Fair was held itill r5«. 
taios the name of May- Fair, and e»aU 
in much the same state at at the aliove 
period: for instance, Shepherd's-jnAr-^ 
ket, and houses surroauding it on \h^ 
North andfiast sides, with WhiteBone- 
street, Shepherd*s-court, SuD^cqaity 
Market-court. Westwards an opea 
space extending to Tyburo '(bow 
Park) lane, since built upua ia Glia-? 
pel-street, ShepherdVfttreet, Market- 
street, Herlford-siraet, &. Soutli^ 
wards the noted Ducking Pottd^ 
house, and gardens* since boilt.u|HMir 
in a large Riding School, €#«riiigtoB«r 
street ^, &c. The Market-home oe»% 
tistedoftwoftoriest first story, a:Joii|p 
and cross ail& for batcher's abopa, f x- 
temally, other shops conneotea with 
culinary purposes ; jccdn^.^torv , aaed 
as a Theatre at fair-time, for draoMNr 
tic performances. My recoUecticn 
serves to raise before me the f<Bfire«eiK 
tatioD of the Revenge, ia wmd| the 
only object left on remeimbraBce it 
the *' black man," Zanga. Below* 
the butchers gave place to toy-men 
and giogerbread-hakeri. At preaeal» 
the upper story ia unfloered, the 
lower ditto nearly deserted hy Hni 
butchers, and tbeir abopa occupiBd 
by needy pedting dealers in amftll 
wares; io truth, a most deplorably 
contrast to what once was luch a 
point of allurement. In the areai 
encompassing the market buildipg 
were booths Tor jugglers, priae*figbt- 
ers, both at cudgels and backF«woril, 
boxing-matches, and wild lMasti» The 
sports not under cover were monut^ 
banks, fire-eaters, ass-racing, gauaa|^e^ 
tables, dice ditto, up-aod-downt, mei^ 
ry-go-rounds, bull-baiting, griimiiig 
for a hat, running for a shift, bi^yw 
pudding eaters, eel-divera, and an in- 
finite variety of other tiniiilar pa%> 
times. Amou^r the cxtraonlinary and 
wonderful delights of the happj apol* 

. • The noted Kitty Fiab^r lived Mi 
-this street. 


" Mounttbankt Siege." One wa« 
erected opposite the Thrte Jullj 
Butcben putilic-bouie (on the Ext 
side uf(ticmBrkclafea,nunlhe King'* 
Ana*). Here Woodwatd, the Idi- 
raitable Comedian and Harlequin, 
made his fint B(i|>earanre &■ Merrj- 
Andrew: from Iheie humble buardi, 
he (OOD aflernard* found' hii waj to 
CoTent Garden Tbeaire *. 

The prortrate fair oiw appeared lo en- 
dure thji nith the utintfit colnposure^, 
talking and tinging during the whole. 
proccBi: then,' with an effort, wti'ieh 
lo the hj-Rlandcri teemed like loine 
tupernntural trial, cn«t Ihc anvil from 
«ff her bod;. Jumping up at the lame 
moment will) extreme gaielj, and 
without the leait diicinnp.isure of het 
dreit or pcrioii. 

That no trick or collusion could 
poisibi]' be pracilied on the occaVion 

van nbTiouft. from tliR ffil1»«in<r a^i- 

u obvious, from the fullovin^ 


J30 May Fair.— Tiddy Doll, the 

deocc. The aodience flood proniii- al 

cuouilj tboaltberouiDiUnonKwIioin « 

fere, our familj &n4 fricMi) ths ri 

tmilhi utler itTkBgcn t« tbe Vrench- k 

man, but kaown to a*, Mier«f'«(« Ihe o 

Hveral effort* of itreof tb muat hi.T« n 

pruceeded from the n&UiTal and lUr-' ij 

pdtlug uower Uiii foreign dune om' ji 

SoiKueduf. Sheoeilptit hersikel al 

Dot va • red-hot Nttamaader, wilh-' il 

out receiTirifC <'>c '""■' njorji but ci 

Ihii il B feat familinr wilh bi at thi* ii 

tim«. Hero thii kind of gratificatioti o 

tu the inuea concluded. a 

" Tiing - DM." Tbc eefebrtled' il 

Tender of ginEerbread «bOi irom.Ul' g 

eceoDtrieitj of cbaractM, Md CKlMk 

■iTedealiDg* >n hit oaj, wai alvajs n 

hailed a* tKe king of ituwrmnt tTOdW- b 

nm*. lulii«|>e»on be «aa tali, well* w 

made,aDdbM-tatiKMtMMlw[il«. Hft' « 

Hence the nick-nanifl oiTtdijf^iL 
In UofBf ih'a priht of the el«calioa 
of Ihe " Idle PreDlice" M Tjtrbrfe, 
TU^-am is *een holdinc iip a $\nget-' 
bread cake with hii Mt band, U* 
right beiii); *ithin hif cbal, and ad- 
drcMing the mob in hit iiinaT w^s > 
" Mar;, Mary, &t," Bia cbilOme 
^rtei with the afureuid dMcriptioii. 
, I^r manj }e«ri(andpeVhap( itp^ 
•enl) alluiioni were made to hii dame, 
a* tho(, " Yon »re >o fine, (to a per- 
ROn drcited out of chBtacfer,)jon look 
likeTiddj D^i.—To«-areai tawdry' 

* Haw 


Cicaii^f eMHtia in the Oergy. 


"* Xngenoas didldMe fideliter artet» 
EmoUit inorts» nee tinit esse feros.** 

JkkfitfH^ne* March 10. 


. wnf l^ie moiio of Ui€ foundar 
of ihejpiiblii;4ciiool where I receiv* 
ed the ml t'lz ytoori eduoitioiu 
Frppi the coarf* laQguage* with 
which IbaVe bieea attaoLefl, p^ 126, 
bjr ClerUiui Londine»wbt% it it evident, 
that he was nut bred io the Old 
School. And U is equ4lly evident, 
that, though he may be an Assistant 
■a one of the most fasUiooable cha- 

Kels at the West end of the town, he 
as not elicited a single spark of po* 
litenefs from the spirit of the-man- 
i^ers prev^ent in that congregation* 

Not ha'vii^g been accustomed to re» 
ceive from those friends with whom 
1 associatiB, this language, '*/lt>/«lM 
f^-l defyyou^** &c. i cannot think of 
entering the lists with a man, who 
has discarded t^e common civilities of 
a gentleman. .Ind^d, with a man, 
who attackf m4 with a jpiask on hit 
▼kage^anll-wiin v^tf iq his bmd 
iiiiiiUng an anonymous ielier-— whe» 
I have laid mys^H^open to the^worldt. 
by tigoitig ' my ^Wk hame, ahd the 
place of my restdence-r-can it be ex- 
pected that I will condescend to en* 
gage in a^ontest so illiberal, as every 
pirl^f his letter proves? With no 
man will I hold any correspondence, 
who discovers himself to be intempe- 
rate in his passions, and abusive in his 

But 1 suspect, that there is a snake 
in the grans : and that the crafty and 
wily serpent n no less than the Clergy- 
man himself, ipsUiimus ipae^ in dis- 
guise, whose advocate Ciericus Lon- 
dinenm pretends to be. But be this 
as it may. However, at the same 
time that I caunot bring myself to. 
make any reply to a letter so illibe- 
ral as that in question, I shall take 
leave to offer a few observations to 
the consideration of that part of your 
Readers, who can form their opinions 
with candour, and decide with equity 
in fadgmeot. 

In the first place then I observe, 
thut it never was my